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PIED2220
Module Reading List

North-South Linkages, 2010/11, Semester 2
Dr David Hall-Matthews
D.N.J.Hall-Matthews@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

General Reading

Allen, T & Thomas, A (eds), 2000, Poverty and development into the 21st century , OUP

Bliss, C, 2007, Trade, growth, and inequality , OUP, Oxford

Bromley, S, Mackintosh, M, Brown, W & Wuyts, M (eds), 2004, Making the international : economic interdependence and political order : a world of whose making? , Pluto, London

Bush, R, 2007, Poverty and neoliberalism : persistence and reproduction in the global south , Pluto

Cassidy, J, 2010, How Markets Fail , Penguin

Chang, H-J, 2010, 23 things they don't tell you about capitalism , Penguin

*Collier, P, 2007, The bottom billion : why the poorest countries are failing and what can be done about it , OUP

Coote, B, 1992, The trade trap : poverty and the global commodity markets , Oxfam, Oxford

*Deese, D, 2008, World trade politics : power, principles and leadership , Routledge, London

*Dicken, P, 2007, Global shift : mapping the changing contours of the world economy (5th edn), Sage, London

*Eicher, T, Mutti, J & Turnovsky, M, 2009, International economics. (7th edition), Routledge, London

*Evenett, S & Hoekman, B (eds), 2006, Economic development and multilateral trade cooperation , Palgrave, Basingstoke

Feenstra, R & Taylor, A, 2008, International Economics , Worth Publishers

Feenstra, R & Taylor, A, 2008, International Trade Worth Publishers and see http://bcs.worthpublishers.com/feenstrataylor/

Goddard, C, Cronin, P & Dash, K (eds), 2003, International Political Economy: State-Market Relations in a Changing Global Order (2nd edn), Palgrave

Harrison, G & Stoneman, C, 2007, ‘Trading Africa’s Future’, Review of African political economy , Special Issue

Hayami, Y & Godo, Y, 2005, Development Economics: From the Poverty to the Wealth of Nations (3rd edn), OUP

Held, D & McGrew, A, 2007, Globalization/Anti-globalization (2nd edn), Polity Press

Hulme, D, 2010, Global poverty : how global governance is failing the poor, Routledge

Kaplinsky, R, 2005, Globalization, poverty and inequality : between a rock and a hard place , Polity Press, Cambridge

Kiely, R, 2007, The new political economy of development : globalization, imperialism, hegemony , Palgrave, Basingstoke 

Legrain, P, 2003, Open world : the truth about globalisation, Abacus, London

Monbiot, G, 2003, The age of consent : a manifesto for a new world order , Flamingo, London

Newfarmer, R (ed.), 2005, Trade, Doha, and development : a window into the issues , World Bank Publications, Washington DC

*O’Brien, R & Williams, M, 2010, Global political economy : evolution and dynamics (3rd ed), Palgrave, Basingstoke

Payne, A, 2005, The global politics of unequal development Palgrave, Basingstoke

Raffer, K & Singer, H, 2001, The economic North-South divide : six decades of unequal development , Edward Elgar, Cheltenham

Ravenhill, J (ed.), 2005, Global Political Economy , OUP

Roberts, J & Hite, A (eds), 2007, The globalization and development reader : perspectives on development Blackwell, part IV

Sachs, J, 2005, The end of poverty : how we can make it happen in our lifetime, Penguin

*Sachs, J, 2008, Common wealth : economics for a crowded planet, Allen Lane

Smith, S, 2005, Ending global poverty : a guide to what works, Palgrave, Basingstoke

Spero, J & Hart, J, 1996, The Politics of International Economic Relations (5th Edition), St Martin's Press, New York

Stiglitz, J, 2002, Globalization and its Discontents, Allen Lane, London

Stiglitz, J, 2007, Making globalization work , Penguin

Stiglitz, J, 2010, Freefall : free markets and the sinking of the global economy, Penguin 

Stubbs, R & Underhill, G (eds), 2000, Political economy and the changing global order , (2nd edition), Oxford University Press

*Taylor, M, 2008, Global economy contested : power and conflict across the international division of labour , Routledge, London

Thirlwall, A, 2006, Growth and Development (8th edition), Palgrave Macmillan

*Todaro, M & Smith, S, 2009, Economic development (10th edition), Addison-Wesley, Harlow

UNDP, 2003, Making Global Trade Work for People , Earthscan

Wilkinson, R & Clapp, J (eds), 2010, Global Governance, Poverty and Inequality , Routledge

Wolff, M, 2011, 'Introduction - The global economy after the crisis', Global Policy, 2(1) - and other items in this special edition

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Useful websites:

http://www.wto.org

http://www.worldbank.org/trade

http://www.oecd.org

http://www.unctad.org

http://www.unrisd.org

http://www.stwr.net

http://www.makepovertyhistory.org

http://www.id21.org

http://www.tjm.org.uk/

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Week One: Lecture - Introduction to the module - The creation of the global economy

After an introduction to the module as a whole, this lecture will give a brief background to the development of the world economy up to and after 1945, including colonialism, the origins of the notion of free trade and the emergence of global economic institutions. Some basic economic terms will be introduced.

Seminar - Arrangements for class debates

Adams, N, 1993, Worlds Apart: The North South Divide and the International System , Zed Books, London

Allen, T & Thomas, A (eds), 2000, Poverty and development into the 21st century , Oxford University Press, especially chapters 11 by Henry Bernstein and 13 by Tom Hewitt

*Chang, H-J, 2002, Kicking away the ladder : development strategy in historical perspective , Anthem Press, London

*Deese, D, 2008, World trade politics : power, principles and leadership , Routledge, London, pp. 39-75

Evenett, S & Hoekman, B (eds), 2006, Economic development and multilateral trade cooperation , Palgrave, Basingstoke

Hall-Matthews, 2007, ‘Globalisation and the role of the British state’ in Brack, D, Grayson, R & Howarth, D (eds), Reinventing the state : social liberalism for the 21st century , Politico’s, London, pp. 175-94

Hoogvelt, A, 2001, Globalisation and the postcolonial world: The new political economy of development (2 nd edn), Johns Hopkins University Press

Hirst, P & Thompson, G, 1992, 'The problem of "globalisation": International economic relations, national economic management and the formation of trading blocs', Economy and Society , 21 (4)

Hopkins, A (ed.), 2002, Globalization in World History , Pimlico

*Kenwood, A & Lougheed, A, 1992, The growth of the international economy , (3rd edition), Routledge, London, chapters 4, 11 & 15

*Kiely, R, 2007, The New Political Economy of Development-Globalization, Imperialism, Hegemony , Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, chapter 1

Lal, D, 2005, In Praise of Empires: Globalization and Order , Palgrave

Lloyd, P, 1999, International trade opening and the formation of the global economy , Edward Elgar, Cheltenham

Maddison, A, 2001, The world economy : a millenial perspective , OECD, Paris

*O’Brien, R & Williams, M, 2010, Global political economy : evolution and dynamics (3rd ed), Palgrave, Basingstoke, chapters 3-5

Petras, J & Veltmeyer, H, 2001, Globalization Unmasked: Imperialism in the 21st Century , Zed Books, London

Raffer, K & Singer, H, 2001, The economic North-South divide : six decades of unequal development , Edward Elgar, Cheltenham

Smith, A, 'Excerpts from The Wealth of Nations' in Goddard, C, Cronin, P & Dash, K (eds), 2003, International Political Economy: State-Market Relations in a Changing Global Order (2nd edn), Palgrave, chapter 3

Shaikh, A (ed), 2007, Globalization and the Myths of Free Trade: History, Theory and Empirical Evidence , Routledge, London

*Taylor, M, 2008, Global economy contested : power and conflict across the international division of labour , Routledge, London

*Todaro, M & Smith, S, 2009, Economic development (10th edition), Addison-Wesley, Harlow

Winham, G, 2005, ‘The evolution of the global trade regime’ in Ravenhill, J (ed.), 2005, Global Political Economy , OUP

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Week Two: Lecture - Concepts of Free and Fair Trade

The basic principles of free trade are discussed and its advantages and disadvantages for a) the global economy and b) individual Southern nations are considered. Fair trade alternatives are outlined and evaluated as a solution to the problems of free trade.

Debate – This class believes that increased trade is the most feasible way to reduce poverty in poor countries

Bliss, C, 2007, Trade, growth, and inequality , OUP, Oxford

Cassidy, J, 2010, How Markets Fail, Penguin

Chang, H-J, 2010, 23 things they don't tell you about capitalism, Penguin

*Collier, P, 2007, The bottom billion : why the poorest countries are failing and what can be done about it , OUP

*Coote, B, 1992, The trade trap : poverty and the global commodity markets , Oxfam, Oxford

Dallmayr, F, 2002, ‘Globalization and Inequality: A plea for global justice’, International Studies Review , 4 (2)

DeMartino, G, 2000, Global Economy, Global Justice: Theoretical objections and policy alternatives to neoliberalism , Routledge, London

*Eicher, T, Mutti, J & Turnovsky, M, 2009, International economics. (7th edition), Routledge, London, chapters 1, 6 & 7

Evenett, S & Hoekman, B, 2006, Economic development and multilateral trade cooperation Palgrave, Basingstoke

Fisher, E, 2009, 'Policy Arena Introduction: the policy trajectory of fair trade', Journal of international development., 21 (7), pp. 985-1003

Friedman, T, 2000, The Lexus and the Olive Tree , Anchor, New York

Haight, C & Henderson, D, 2010, 'Fair trade is counterproductive and unfair: rejoinder', Economic affairs., 30(1), pp. 88-91

Hailu, D, 2009, ‘The Global Economic Crisis Hampers Human Development. How? ’, http://www.ipc-undp.org/pub/IPCOnePager95.pdf

Hailu, D & Weeks, J, 2009, ‘Can Low Income Countries Adopt Counter-Cyclical Policies? ’, http://www.ipc-undp.org/pub/IPCOnePager92.pdf

Hayes, M, 2006, 'On the efficiency of fair trade', Review of social economy., 64(4), pp. 447-86

Hira, A & Ferrie, J, 2006, ‘Fair Trade: Three key challenges for reaching the mainstream’, Journal of business ethics. , 63 (2), pp. 107-18

Izurieta, A & McKinley, T, 2006, ‘Addressing Global Imbalances: A development-oriented policy agenda’, UNDP Poverty Centre Working Paper 23, http://www.undp-povertycentre.org/newsletters/WorkingPaper23.pdf

Kaplinsky, R, 2005, Globalization, poverty and inequality : between a rock and a hard place , Polity Press, Cambridge

Leclair, M, 2002, 'Fighting the tide: Alternative trade organisations in the era of global free trade', World Development , 30 (6)

Legrain, P, 2003, Open world : the truth about globalisation , Abacus, London

Levi, M & Linton, A, 2003, 'Fair trade: One cup at a time? ', Politics and Society , 31 (3)

Lyon, S, 2008, 'We want to be equal to them: Fair trade coffee certification and gender equity within organisations', Human Organization., 67(3), pp. 258-68

MacDonald, K, 2007, 'Globalising justice within coffee supply chains? Fair trade, Starbucks and the transformation of supply chain governance', Third world quarterly. 28(4), pp. 793-812

*Mackintosh, M, 2004, ‘Gaining from trade? ’ in Bromley, S, Mackintosh, M, Brown, W & Wuyts, M (eds), 2004, Making the international : economic interdependence and political order : a world of whose making? , Pluto, London, chapter 3

Madeley, J, 2000 Hungry for Trade: How the poor pay for free trade , Zed Books, London

Mehta, J & Roy, R, 2004, ‘The collective action problem’ in Bromley, S, Mackintosh, M, Brown, W & Wuyts, M (eds), 2004, Making the international : economic interdependence and political order : a world of whose making? , Pluto, London, chapter 13

Moore, G, 2006, 'The mainstreaming of fair trade: A marketing perspective', Journal of strategic marketing., 14, pp. 329-59

Morrissey, O & Filatotchev, I (eds), 2000, Globalisation and Trade: Implications for exports from marginalised economies, Special edition of Journal of Development Studies , 37 (2)

Nicholls, A & Opal, C, 2005, Fair trade : market-driven ethical consumption , Sage, London

Norberg, J, 2007, ‘In defense of global capitalism’ in Roberts, J & Hite, A (eds), The Globalization and Development Reader , Blackwell, Oxford, chapter 16.

*O’Brien, R & Williams, M, 2010, Global political economy : evolution and dynamics (3rd ed), Palgrave, Basingstoke, pp. 14-29, 147-83, 258-62

OECD, 2005, ‘Making open markets work for development’, http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/58/24/35459577.pdf

Perraton, J, 2001, 'The Global Economy: Myths and Realities', Cambridge Journal of Economics , Vol. 25, pp. 669-84

Pirotte, G, Pleyers, G & Poncelet, M, 2006, ‘Fair Trade Coffee in Nicaragua and Tanzania: A comparison’, Development in practice. , 16 (5), pp. 441-51

Ransom, D, 2001, The No-Nonsense Guide to Fair Trade , New Internationalist Publications, Oxford

Raynolds, L, Murray, D & Wilkinson, J, 2007, Fair trade : the challenges of transforming globalization , Routledge, London

Ringmar, E, 2005, Surviving Capitalism: How we learned to live with the market and remained almost human , Anthem Press, London

Robbins, P, 2003, Stolen Fruit: The Tropical Commodities Disaster , Zed, London

Shaikh, A (ed), 2007, Globalization and the Myths of Free Trade: History, Theory and Empirical Evidence , Routledge, London

Smith, A, 'Excerpts from The Wealth of Nations' in Goddard, C, Cronin, P & Dash, K (eds), 2003, International Political Economy: State-Market Relations in a Changing Global Order (2 nd edn), Palgrave, chapter 3

Stiglitz, J & Charlton, A, 2005, Fair trade for all : how trade can promote development , OUP

Stiglitz, J, 2007, Making Globalization Work , Penguin

Stiglitz, J, 2010, Freefall : free markets and the sinking of the global economy, Penguin 

Thirlwall, A, 2006, Growth and Development (8th edition), Palgrave Macmillan, chapter 16

*Todaro, M & Smith, S, 2009, Economic development (10th edition), Addison-Wesley, Harlow, chapter 12

*UNDP, 2003, Making Global Trade Work for People , Earthscan

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Week Three: Lecture - The changing roles of global institutions

This will examine the emergence of the World Bank, International Monetary Fund and United Nations and outline their shifting roles and perspectives over time.

Debate – This class believes that the international Monetary Fund and World Bank do more harm than good

Allen, T & Thomas, A (eds), 2000, Poverty and development into the 21st century , Oxford University Press, chapter 9

*Booth, D, 2011, ' Aid, Institutions and Governance: What Have We Learned? ',  Development Policy Review, 29 (s1), pp. s5-s26

Buira, A (ed.), 2005, The IMF and the World Bank at sixty Anthem Press, London

Cavanagh, J et al, 1994, Beyond Bretton Woods: Alternatives to the Global Economic Order , Pluto Press

Chossudovsky, M, 1997, The globalisation of poverty: Impacts of IMF and World Bank reforms , Zed Books, Penang

Coffey, P & Riley, R, 2006, Reform of the international institutions : the IMF, World Bank and the WTO , World Bank and the WTO, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham

Eicher, T, Mutti, J & Turnovsky, M, 2009, International economics. (7th edition), Routledge, London, chapter 21

Ferguson, J, 1990, The Anti-Politics Machine , Cambridge University Press

Goddard, C, Cronin, P & Dash, K (eds), 2003, International Political Economy: State-Market Relations in a Changing Global Order (2 nd edn), Palgrave, chapters 19-21

Hulme, D, 2010, Global poverty : how global governance is failing the poor, Routledge

Kenwood, A & Lougheed, A, 1992, The Growth of the International Economy, 1820-1990 (3 rd edition), Routledge, London, chapters 16 & 18

Kiely, R, 2007, The New Political Economy of Development- Globalization, Imperialism, Hegemony , Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, chapter 2

*Marshall, K, 2008, The World Bank : from reconstruction to development to equity , Routledge, Abingdon

O’Brien, R & Williams, M, 2010, Global political economy : evolution and dynamics (3rd ed), Palgrave, Basingstoke, pp 217-54, 327-43, 383-7.

Ritzen, J, 2005, A chance for the World Bank , Anthem Press, London

Servaas, S, 2005, ‘Development, Trade or Aid? UN views on trade, growth and poverty’, Development and change. , 36 (6), pp. 1239-61

Stiglitz, J, 2007, Making globalization work , Penguin

*Todaro, M & Smith, S, 2009, Economic development (10 th edition), Addison-Wesley, Harlow

Wilkinson, R & Clapp, J (eds), 2010, Global Governance, Poverty and Inequality , Routledge

Woods, N, 2010, 'Global governance after the financial crisis: A new multilateralism or the last gasp of the great powers? ', Global Policy, 1(1), pp. 51-63

World Bank, 2002, World Development Report 2002: Building Institutions for Markets , OUP, New York.
See also other World Development Reports

http://www.brettonwoodsproject.org

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Week Four: Lecture - International efforts to promote free trade

This will examine institutions attempting to regulate and stimulate international trade, including GATT, UNCTAD and the WTO. The problems faced by the developing world when operating under international exchange systems and terms of trade will be explored.

Debate – This class believes that the World Trade Organisation gives Southern nations the best opportunity to enhance their trading position

Alavi, A, 2007, 'African countries and the WTO's dispute settlement mechanism', Development policy review., 25(1), pp. 25-42

Anderson, K & Martin, W, 2006, Agricultural trade reform and the Doha development agenda Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke

Bhattacharjea, A, 2004, ‘Playing by the rules? Developing countries in the world trade regime’ in Bromley, S, Mackintosh, M, Brown, W & Wuyts, M (eds), 2004, Making the international : economic interdependence and political order : a world of whose making? , Pluto, London, chapter 2

Brack, D & Clegg, N, 2001, Trading for the Future: Reforming the WTO , Centre for Reform, London

Brittan, S, 2007, ‘Trade and Development’ in Astle, J, Bell, M & Murray, A (eds), Globalisation : a liberal response CentreForum, London

*Chakraborty, D & Khan, A, 2008, The WTO deadlocked : understanding the dynamics of international trade , Sage, London & New Delhi

Coffey, P & Riley, R, 2006, Reform of the international institutions : the IMF, World Bank and the WTO , Edward Elgar, Cheltenham

Das, B, 1998, The World Trade Organisation : a guide to the new framework for international trade , Zed Books, London

De Crombrugghe, A, 2009, 'Opportunities of reforming the WTO: Resistance and potentials of change', Public organization review., 9(2), pp. 139-56

Deardoff, A & Stern, R, 2002, 'What you should know about Globalization and the World Trade Organization', Review of International Economics , 10 (3), pp. 404-23

*Deese, D, 2008, World trade politics : power, principles and leadership , Routledge, London, especially pp. 126-55

Dunkley, G, 2000, The Free Trade Adventure: The WTO, the Uruguay Round and Globalism: A critique , Zed Books, London

*Eicher, T, Mutti, J & Turnovsky, M, 2009, International economics. (7th edition), Routledge, London, chapter 10

Evenett, S & Hoekman, B, 2006, Economic development and multilateral trade cooperation , Palgrave, Basingstoke

Friis Jensen, M & Gibbon, P (guest eds), 2007, ‘Africa and the WTO Doha Round’, Theme issue, Development policy review, 25 (1) – see whole edition

Goddard, C, Cronin, P & Dash, K (eds), 2003, International Political Economy: State-Market Relations in a Changing Global Order (2 nd edn), Palgrave, chapters 22-23

Gross, A, 2006, ‘Can Sub-Saharan African Countries Defend Their Trade and Development Interests Effectively in the WTO? The Case of Cotton’, European journal of development research. , 18 (3), pp. 368-86

Guha-Khasnobis, B (ed.), 2004, The WTO, Developing Countries and the Doha Development Agenda: Prospects and Challenges for Trade-led Growth , Palgrave

Jawara, F & Kwa, A, 2004, Behind the Scenes at the WTO: The Real World of International Trade Negotiations / Lessons of Cancun , Zed Books

Jensen, M, 2007, ‘African Demands for Special and Differential Treatment in the Doha Round: an assessment and analysis’, Development Policy Review , 25 (1), pp. 91-112

Kapoor, I, 2004, ‘Deliberative democracy and the WTO’, Review of International Political Economy, 11 (3), pp. 522-41

Katrak, H & Strange, R (eds), 2004, The WTO and developing countries , Palgrave, Basingstoke

Kiely, R, 2007, The New Political Economy of Development- Globalization, Imperialism, Hegemony, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, chapter 6

*Lee, D & Wilkinson, R (eds), 2007, The WTO after Hong Kong : progress in, and prospects for, the Doha Development Agenda , Routledge, London

Macrae, D, 2005, ‘Developing countries and the future of the WTO’, Journal of international economic law. , 8 (3), pp. 603-11

Mathews, A, 2001, 'Developing countries' position in WTO agricultural trade negotiations', Development Policy Review , 20 (1), pp. 75-90

*Melamed, C, 2003, ‘Doing “Development” at the World Trade Organization: The Doha Round and Special and Differential Treatment’, IDS Bulletin , 34 (2), pp 12-23 – and see the whole of this special edition on Special and Differential treatment for Southern nations

*Mortensen, J, 2010, WTO, governance and the limits of law Routledge, London

Narlikar, A, 2003, International Trade and Developing countries: Bargaining and Coalitions in GATT and WTO , Routledge

Narlikar, A & Wilkinson, R, 2004, ‘Collapse at the WTO: A Cancun post-mortem’, Third World Quarterly , 25 (3), pp. 447-60

Newfarmer, R (ed.), 2005, Trade, Doha, and development : a window into the issues , World Bank Publications, Washington DC

O’Brien, R & Williams, M, 2010, Global political economy : evolution and dynamics (3rd ed), Palgrave, Basingstoke, chapter 6

OECD, 2005, ‘Making open markets work for development’, http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/58/24/35459577.pdf

Perdikis, N & Read, R (eds), 2005, The WTO and the regulation of international trade : recent trade disputes between the European Union and the United States , Edward Elgar, Cheltenham

Petersmann, E, 2005, ‘The future of the WTO – addressing institutional challenges to the WTO in the new millennium: A longer-term perspective’, Journal of international economic law. , 8 (3), pp. 647-65

Polaski, S, 2006, ‘Winners and Losers: Impact of the Doha Round on Developing Countries’, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, http://www.carnegieendowment.org/publications/index.cfm? fa=view&id=18083&prog=zgp&proj=zted

Rodrik, D, 2001, The global governance of trade as if development really mattered , UNDP

Smith, J, 2004, ‘Inequality in International trade? Developing Countries and Institutional Change in WTO Dispute Settlement’, Review of International Political Economy , 11 (3), pp. 542-73

Todaro, M & Smith, S, 2009, Economic development (10 th edition), Addison-Wesley, Harlow

UNDP, 2003, Making Global Trade Work for People , Earthscan, London

Wade, R, 2003, 'What strategies are viable for developing countries today? The World Trade Organization and the shrinking of “development space”', Review of International Political Economy , (10) 4

Wilkinson, R, 2000, Multilateralism and the World Trade Organisation , Routledge

*Wilkinson, R, 2006, The WTO : crisis and the Governance of Global Trade , Routledge

Wilkinson, R, 2009, ‘Language, power and multilateral trade negotiations’, Review of international political economy., 16 (4)

*Wilkinson, R, 2009, ‘The problematic of trade and development beyond the Doha Round’, Journal of International Trade and Diplomacy, 3(1) {OCR ORDERED}

Wilkinson, R, 2009, ‘Concluding the Doha Round: What’s going on at the WTO and why it’s unlikely to help the world’s poorest’, http://www.sed.manchester.ac.uk/idpm/research/publications/dev@man/devman-research-note-200902.pdf  

*Wilkinson, R, 2011, ' Measuring the WTO's Performance: An Alternative Account ', Global Policy 2(1)

*Wilkinson, R & Clapp, J (eds), 2010, Global Governance, Poverty and Inequality , Routledge

*Wilkinson, R & Scott, J, 2008, 'Developing country participation in the GATT: A reassessment', World trade review , 7 (3), pp. 473-510

Wolfe, R, 2004, ‘Crossing the river by feeling the stones: where the WTO is going after Seattle, Doha and Cancun’, Review of International Political Economy , 11 (3), pp. 574-96

Woods, N, 2010, 'Global governance after the financial crisis: A new multilateralism or the last gasp of the great powers? ', Global Policy, 1(1), pp. 51-63

WTO, 2005, Hong Kong Ministerial Declaration on the Doha Work Programme, http://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/minist_e/min05_e/final_text_e.htm

WTO website, http://www.wto.org/

**There are several helpful short articles on the WTO Doha Round at http://www.id21.org/insights/insights59/

Summary of articles on the harm caused by cotton subsidies can be found at http://www.id21.org/society/s7big2g1.html and http://www.id21.org/society/s7bsb2g1.html

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Week Five: Lecture - Globalised Production and Investment

This will examine the role of foreign direct investment by multinational corporations and their impact on employment conditions, wages and the environment as well as on Southern economies.

Debate – This class believes that multinational corporations do more to hinder development in Southern economies than to help them

Allen, T & Thomas, A (eds), 2000, Poverty and development into the 21st century , Oxford University Press, chapter 9

Bhagwati, J, 1995, 'Trade liberalisation and 'fair trade' demands: Addressing the environmental and labour standards issues', World Economy , 18 (6)

Bussmann, M, de Soysa, I & Oneal, J, 2002, The Effect of Foreign Investment on Economic Development and Income Inequality , ZEF paper no. 53 (High Demand Collection, Economics E-1 BUS)

Collier, P, 2007, The bottom billion : why the poorest countries are failing and what can be done about it , OUP

Dicken, P, 2007, Global shift : mapping the changing contours of the world economy , (5th edn), Sage, London

Di Guardo, C & Valentini, G, 2007, ‘Taking Actively Advantage of MNCs’ presence’, Small business economics. 28 (1), pp. 55-68

Dunning, J & Lundan, S, 2008, Multinational enterprises and the global economy, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham

*Eicher, T, Mutti, J & Turnovsky, M, 2009, International economics. (7th edition), Routledge, London, chapter 8

Frith, R, 2007, ‘Multinational Corporations and the Democratic State: Friend or Foe? ’ in Boran, A & Cox, P (eds), Implications of globalisation : papers from a conference held at University College Chester, November 2003 , Chester Academic Press

Frynas, G & Newell, P, 2007, ‘Beyond Corporate Social Responsibility? Business, Poverty and Social Justice’, Third world quarterly. 28 (4), pp. 669-81

Goddard, C, Cronin, P & Dash, K (eds), 2003, International Political Economy: State-Market Relations in a Changing Global Order (2 nd edn), Palgrave, chapters 24-25

Hammond, A & Prahalad, C, 2004, 'Selling to the poor', Foreign policy., No. 142 (1 May), pp. 30-37

Ietto-Gilles, G, 2005, Transnational corporations and international production : concepts, theories, and effects , Edward Elgar, Cheltenham

Klein, N, 2001, No logo : no space, no choice, no jobs , Flamingo, London

Legrain, P, 2003, Open world : the truth about globalisation, Abacus, London

Newell, P & Wheeler, J (eds), 2006, Rights, resources and the politics of accountability , Zed, London

*O’Brien, R & Williams, M, 2010, Global political economy : evolution and dynamics (3rd ed), Palgrave, Basingstoke, chapter 7

Perraton, J et al (eds), 1997, The Globalization of Economic Activity

Ringmar, E, 2005, Surviving Capitalism: How we learned to live with the market and remained almost human , Anthem Press, London

Rugraff, E, Sanchez-Ancochea, D & Sumner, A (eds), 2008, Transnational corporations and development policy : critical perspectives , Palgrave

Suranovic, S, 2002, 'International Labour and environmental standards agreements: Is this fair trade? ', World Economy , 25 (2)

Stiglitz, J, 2006, Making globalization work Penguin

*Taylor, M, 2008, Global economy contested : power and conflict across the international division of labour , Routledge, London

Todaro, M & Smith, S, 2009, Economic development (10 th edition), Addison-Wesley, Harlow

Tripathi, S, 2005, ‘International Regulation of Multinational Corporations’, Oxford Development Studies , 33 (1), pp. 117-131

Wright, R, 2002, 'Transnational Corporations and Global Divisions of Labor' in Johnston, R, Taylor, P & Watts, M (eds), Geographies of Global Change (2 nd edn), Blackwell, Oxford

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Week Six: Lecture – Southern States' Experience in the Global Economy

This will explore governments' aims and their responses to international economic pressures and constraints over time, including the UN Development Decades, Import Substitution, Structural Adjustment Programmes and, currently, Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers.

Debate – This class believes that Southern governments should be held to account for their weak positions in the global economy

Adams, N, 1993, Worlds Apart: The North South Divide and the International System , Zed Books, London

Allen, T & Thomas, A (eds), 2000, Poverty and Development into the 21st Century , Oxford University Press, chapter 16 by Anthony McGrew

Booth, D, 2003, Are PRSPs Making a Difference? The African Experience, Sage and also Development Policy Review , 21 (2)

Bush, R, 2007, ‘Commissioning Africa for Globalisation: Blair and the G8's Project for the World Poor’ in his Poverty and neoliberalism : persistence and reproduction in the global south Pluto

Calderisi, R, 2007, The trouble with Africa : why foreign aid isn't working , Yale University Press, New Haven

Castells, M, 2000, The Rise of the Network Society (2nd edn), Blackwell, Oxford

*Collier, P, 2007, The bottom billion : why the poorest countries are failing and what can be done about it , OUP

Commission for Africa, 2005, Our common interest : report of the Commission for Africa.

Diamond, J, 2005, Guns, germs, and steel : the fates of human societies , Norton, New York

Diamond, J, 2006, Collapse : how societies choose to fail or survive , Penguin

Friis Jensen, M & Gibbon, P (guest eds), 2007, ‘Africa and the WTO Doha Round’, Theme issue, Development Policy Review , 25 (1)

Fukuyama, F, 2004, State Building: Governance and World Order in the 21st Century , Profile

Green, D, 2008, From poverty to power : how active citizens and effective states can change the world, Oxfam, Oxford

Hailu, D & Weeks, J, 2009, ‘Can Low Income Countries Adopt Counter-Cyclical Policies? ’, http://www.ipc-undp.org/pub/IPCOnePager92.pdf

Hall-Matthews, D, 2007, ‘Does Globalisation Make Famines More or Less Likely? ’ in Boran, A & Cox, P (eds) Implications of globalisation : papers from a conference held at University College Chester, November 2003 , Chester Academic Press, pp. 111-140

Hall-Matthews, 2007, ‘Globalisation and the role of the British state’ in Brack, D, Grayson, R & Howarth, D (eds), Reinventing the state : social liberalism for the 21st century , Politico’s, London, pp. 175-94

Harrison, G & Stoneman, C, 2007, ‘Trading Africa’s Future’, Review of African political economy. , Special Issue

Hines, C, 2001, Localization: A Global Manifesto , Earthscan, London

Kaplinsky, R, 2005, Globalization, poverty and inequality : between a rock and a hard place, Polity Press, Cambridge

Kenwood, A & Lougheed, A, 1999, The Growth of the International Economy , (4th edition), Routledge, London, chapter 21

Khor, M, 2001, Rethinking Globalization: Critical issues and policy choices , Zed, London

Kirby, P, 2007, ‘Implications of Globalisation: Present imperfect, future tense? ’ in Boran, A & Cox, P (eds), Implications of globalisation : papers from a conference held at University College Chester, November 2003 , Chester Academic Press

Lal, D, 2005, In Praise of Empires: Globalization and Order , Palgrave

Mkandawire, T, 2004, ‘Can Africa have developmental states? ’ in Bromley, S, Mackintosh, M, Brown, W & Wuyts, M (eds), 2004, Making the international : economic interdependence and political order : a world of whose making? , Pluto, London, chapter 10. See also chapters 11 & 12 on Tanzania.

Morrissey, O & Filatotchev, I (eds), 2000, Globalisation and Trade: Implications for exports from marginalised economies, Special edition of Journal of Development Studies , 37 (2)

Nayyar, D, 2011, ' The Financial Crisis, the Great Recession and the Developing World', Global Policy, 2(1)

O’Brien, R & Williams, M, 2010, Global political economy : evolution and dynamics (3rd ed), Palgrave, Basingstoke, chapter 11

Ringmar, E, 2005, Surviving Capitalism: How we learned to live with the market and remained almost human , Anthem Press, London

Robbins, P, 2003, Stolen Fruit: The Tropical Commodities Disaster , Zed, London

*Todaro, M & Smith, S, 2009, Economic development (10 th edition), Addison-Wesley, Harlow, ch 13

Thomas, C, 2005, ‘Globalization and development in the South’ in Ravenhill, J (ed.), 2005, Global Political Economy , OUP, pp. 317-43

Van der Walle, N, 2001, African economies and the politics of permanent crisis, 1979-1999 , Cambridge University Press

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Week Seven: Lecture – (Basket) case study: Malawi

This will pick up broad themes from the previous lecture and debate and look in detail at problems in Malawi’s economy and their causes. To include SAP and PRSP, aid, debt, lack of investment, low productivity and corruption. What is needed to improve the situation in one of the world’s poorest nations?

Seminar – How can you develop from the bottom of the heap?

Reading

This lecture is based on primary research by David Hall-Matthews. Specific reading is not required, so you can concentrate on writing your first essay. You may however want to dip into:

Conroy, A, Blackie, M, Whiteside, A, Malewezi, J & Sachs, J, 2006, Poverty, AIDS and hunger : breaking the poverty trap in Malawi Palgrave, London

Hall-Matthews, D, 2007, ‘Tickling Donors and Tackling Opponents: the Anti-Corruption Campaign in Malawi’ in Bracking, S (ed.), Corruption and development : the anti-corruption campaigns , Palgrave, pp. 77-102

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Week Eight: Lecture – Building BRICs for the Future: Successful Southern Nations

Contrasting with the previous lecture, the economic success of large semi-liberalised Southern economies in recent years will be explored, focusing on Brazil, Russia, India and China. Consideration of similarities and differences with the earlier East Asian development model.

Seminar – Is it realistic and desirable to expect China’s economy to overtake Northern competitors in our lifetimes?

Alden, C, 2007, China in Africa , Zed, London

Bao, S, Lin, S & Zhao, C (eds), 2006, The Chinese economy after WTO accession, Ashgate

Brautigam, D, 2009, The dragon's gift : the real story of China in Africa , OUP, New York

Brautigam, D, 2010, 'Africa's Eastern Promise: What the west can learn from Chinese investment in Africa', Foreign affairs. , 89 (1), http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/65916/deborah-brautigam/africa%e2%80%99s-eastern-promise

Buckley, P (ed), 2010, Foreign direct investment, China and the world economy Palgrave, Basingstoke

Cook, S & Gu, J, 2009, 'The Global Financial Crisis: Implications for China's South-South Cooperation', IDS bulletin., 40(5), pp. 38-46

Corkin, L & Naidu, S, 2008, 'China and India in Africa: An introduction', Review of African political economy., 35(1)

*Emmott, B, 2008, Rivals : how the power struggle between China, India and Japan will shape our next decade , Allen Lane, London

Farndon, J, 2007, China rises : how China's astonishing growth will change the world Virgin Books, London

Fleury, A & Leme Fleury, M, 2006, 'China and Brazil in the Global Economy', IDS bulletin., 37(1), pp. 71-9

Freeman, R, 3 June 2005, ‘ What really ails Europe (and America) : the doubling of the global workforce ’, The Globalist, http://www.theglobalist.com/StoryId.aspx? StoryId=4542

*Glosny, M, 2010, ‘China and the BRICs: A Real (but Limited) Partnership in a Unipolar World’, Polity Vol. 42 – and see the whole of this special journal edition on BRICS

Goldstein, A, 2006, The Rise of China and India: What's in it for Africa? , OECD, Paris

Guilhoto, J & Hewings, G (eds), 2000, Structure and Structual Change in the Brazilian Economy , Ashgate

Hamilton, G, 2006, Commerce and Capitalism in Chinese Societies , Routledge

Hammond, A & Prahalad, C, 2004, 'Selling to the poor', Foreign policy. No. 142 (1 May), pp. 30-37

Harneit-Sievers, A, Marks, S & Naidu, S (eds), 2010, Chinese and African perspectives on China in Africa, Pambazuka, Oxford  

*Harris, J, 2005, ‘Emerging Third World powers: China, India and Brazil’, Race & Class , 46 (3), pp. 7-27

Henderson, J, 2008, 'China and global development: towards a Global Asian era? ', Contemporary Politics, 14(4), pp. 375-92

Humphrey, J & Messner, D, 2006, 'China and India as emerging global governance actors: challenges for developing and developed countries', IDS bulletin., 37(1), pp. 107-14

Kaplinsky, R, 2006, 'China and the global terms of trade', IDS bulletin., 37(1), pp. 43-51

*Kaplinsky, R, 2008, 'What does the rise of China do for industrialisation in sub-Saharan Africa? ', Review of African political economy., 35(1), pp. 7-22

Kaviraj, S, 2004, ‘The politics of liberalization in India’ in Bromley, S, Mackintosh, M, Brown, W & Wuyts, M (eds), 2004, Making the international : economic interdependence and political order : a world of whose making? , Pluto, London, chapter 6. See also chapter 7

Kornber, J & Faust, J, 2006, China in world politics : policies, processes, prospects, Lynne Rienner, London

Kwan, Y & Eden, S (eds), 2005, Critical Issues in China’s Growth and Development , Ashgate

Kynge, J, 2007, China shakes the world : the rise of a hungry nation , Orion Books

Lardy, N, 2002, Integrating China into the Global Economy , Brookings Institution Press

*Li, M, 2008, The rise of China and the demise of the capitalist world-economy, Monthly Review Press, New York

Malik, V & Schultz, J (eds), 2008, The rise of China : perspectives from Asia and Europe, Pentagon Press, New Delhi

McCormick, D, 2008, 'China and India as new donors: The impact of aid on development', Review of African political economy., 35(1), pp. 73-92

Mohan, G & Power, M, 2008, 'New African Choices? The politics of Chinese engagement in Africa and the changing architecture of international development', Review of African political economy., 35(1), pp. 23-42

O’Brien, R & Williams, M, 2010, Global political economy : evolution and dynamics (3rd ed), Palgrave, Basingstoke, pp. 267-71 

OECD, 2001, China’s Agriculture in the International Trading System , OECD

Oman, C (ed.), 2003, Corporate Governance in Development: The Experiences of Brazil, Chile, India and South Africa , OECD

Ostry, S, Alexandroff, A & Gomez, R (eds), 2002, China and the Long March to Global Trade: The Accession of China to the World Trade Organisation , Routledge

Prestowitz, C, 2006, Three billion new capitalists : the great shift of wealth and power to the East , Basic Books, New York

Rotberg, R (ed.), 2008, China into Africa : trade, aid, and influence, Brookings Institution, Washington DC

Senokosov, Y & Skidelsky, E, 2001, The Russian Economy Today , Moscow

Shenkar, O, 2005, The Chinese century : the rising Chinese economy and its impact on the global economy, the balance of power, and your job, Wharton

Shirk, S, 2007, China, fragile superpower, OUP, New York

Six, C, 2009, 'The rise of postcolonial states as donors: A challenge to the development paradigm? ', Third world quarterly., 30(6), pp. 1103-21

Smith, D, 2007, The dragon and the elephant : China, India and the new world order Profile

Srinivasan, T N & Tendulkar, S, 2003, Reintegrating India with the World Economy , IIE

Studman, J, 2009, ‘Nurturing the Chinese Economy’, Far eastern economic review. http://www.feer.com/essays/2009/december51/nurturing-the-chinese-economy

Suzuki, S, 2009, 'Chinese soft power, insecurity studies, myopia and fantasy', Third world quarterly., 30(4), pp. 779-93

Tull, D, 2006, 'China's engagement in Africa: scope, significance and consequences', Journal of modern African studies., 44(3), pp. 459-79

Winters, L A & Yusuf, S (eds), Dancing with giants : China, India, and the global economy , World Bank Publications, Washington DC

*Wilson, D & Purushothaman, R, 2003, ‘Dreaming with BRICs: The Path to 2050’, Goldman Sachs Global Economic Paper 99, http://www.gs.com/insight/research/reports/99.pdf

Worth, O, 2005, Hegemony, International Political Economy and Post-Communist Russia , Ashgate

Wu, Y, 2003, China’s Economic Growth: A Miracle with Chinese Characteristics , Routledge

Yinhong, S, 2011, ' China, 'Global Challenges' and the Complexities of International Cooperation', Global Policy, 2(1)

Zhao, Q & Liu, G (eds), 2009, Managing the China challenge : global perspectives, Routledge 

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Week Nine: Lecture– International Financial Markets and Regulation

This lecture will focus on speculative capital investment in Southern currencies, bonds and shares, reviewing the debate over whether this provides an incentive to good economic management or creates an arbitrary destabilizing effect. Proposals to control this using the Tobin tax will be illustrated by video.

Debate – The Tobin tax would benefit both Northern and Southern nations

Brassett, J, 2010, Cosmopolitanism and Global Financial Reform : A Pragmatic Approach to the Tobin Tax, Routledge

Erturk, K, 2006, ‘On the Tobin Tax’, Review of political economy. , 18 (1), pp. 71-78

Felix, D, 1998, ‘Asia and the crisis of financial globalisation’ in Baker, D, Epstein, G & Pollin, R (eds), Globalization and Progressive Economic Policy , Cambridge University Press

Grabel, I, 2003, ‘International private capital flows and developing countries’ in Chang, H-J (ed.), Rethinking Development Economics , Anthem Press, London

Grahl, J & Lysandrou, P, 2003, ‘Sand in the wheels or spanner in the works? The Tobin Tax and global finance’, Cambridge journal of economics. , 27 (4), pp. 597-621

Helleiner, E, 2005, ‘The evolution of the international monetary and financial system’ in Ravenhill, J (ed.), 2005, Global Political Economy , OUP, pp. 151-75

*Jetin, B & De Brunhoff, S 2000, 'The Tobin Tax and the Regulation of Capital Movements' in Bello, W, Bullard, N & Malhotra K (eds), Global Finance: New thinking on regulating speculative capital markets , Zed Books, London (Also see chapters by Fortin & Schmidt)

Johnson, R, 1997, ‘The Tobin Tax: Another lost opportunity’, Development in practice. 7 (2)

Jomo, K, 2001, ‘International financial liberalisation and the crisis of East Asian development’ in Jomo, K & Nagaraj, S (eds), Globalization Versus Development , Palgrave

Kennedy, J, 2003, ‘Currency transaction tax: Curbing speculation, funding social development’ in Sandbrook, R (ed.), Civilizing Globalization- A Survival Guide , SUNY Press, Albany, pp. 111-19

Mende, A & Menkhoff, L, 2003, ‘Tobin tax effects seen from the foreign exchange market’s microstructure’, International finance. 6 (2)

*McCulloch, N & Pacillo, G, 2010, The Tobin tax - A Review of the evidence, IDS Working Paper, http://www.ids.ac.uk/index.cfm? objectid=2143EA47-E2EC-4BFC-274F990A4CE8601E

O’Brien, R & Williams, M, 2010, Global political economy : evolution and dynamics (3rd ed), Palgrave, Basingstoke, pp. 243-5 

*Patomaki, H, 2001, Democratising Globalization: the Leverage of the Tobin Tax

Rasiah, R, 2000, 'Globalization and private capital movements', Third World Quarterly , 21 (6)

Resien, H, 2002, ‘Tobin Tax: Could it Work? ’, http://www.globalpolicy.org/socecon/glotax/currtax/2002/05tobin.htm

Schaberg, M, 1998, ‘Globalisation and financial systems: policies for the new environment’ in Baker, D, Epstein, G & Pollin, R (eds), Globalization and Progressive Economic Policy , Cambridge University Press

Singh, K, 1998, The Globalisation of Finance: A Citizen's Guide , Zed Books, New York, chapter 11

Singh, K, 2000, 'Whither International Financial Architecture? ' in Singh, K, Taming Global Financial Flows , Zed Books, London

Weaver, J, Dodd, R & Baker, J (eds), 2003, Debating the Tobin Tax- New Rules for Global Finance , Washington, esp chapters by Grabel, Hinman, Zee, Palley & Dodd

Winters, J, 1996, 'The structural power of capital controllers' in his Power in Motion: Capital Mobility and the Indonesian State , Cornell University Press

http://www.tobintax.org

http://www.stampoutpoverty.org/

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Week Ten: Lecture - The Role of Development Aid

This explores different types of international aid from the end of World War Two, through the Cold War and since. Motives for giving aid are investigated and the effectiveness of aid at assisting development is questioned. Links of aid to political, economic or institutional conditions are examined and their justification considered.

Debate – This class believes that attaching conditions to aid is unjust to poor people

Addison, T, Mavrotas, G & McGillivray, M, 2005, ‘Aid to Africa: An unfinished agenda’, Journal of international development. , 17, pp. 989-1001

Atkinson, A (ed.), 2005, New Sources of Development Finance [electronic resource]. , OUP

Baulch, B, 2006, ‘Aid distribution and the MDGs’, World development. , 34 (6), pp. 933-50

*Birdsall, D, 2007, Do No Harm: Aid, Weak Institutions and the Missing Middle in Africa, Development policy review , Vol. 25, No. 5, pp. 575-598

*Booth, D, 2011, ' Aid, Institutions and Governance: What Have We Learned? ',  Development policy review., 29 (s1), pp. s5-s26 - and other articles in this special edition

Bush, R, 2007, ‘Commissioning Africa for Globalisation: Blair and the G8's Project for the World Poor’ in his Poverty and neoliberalism : persistence and reproduction in the global south , Pluto

*Calderisi, R, 2007, The trouble with Africa : why foreign aid isn't working , Yale University Press, New Haven

Cassen, R, 1994, Does Aid Work ? (2 nd edition), Oxford University Press

Chakravarti, A, 2005, Aid, institutions and development : new approaches to growth, governance and poverty , Edward Elgar, Cheltenham

Cracknell, B, 2000, Evaluating Development Aid: Issues, Problems and Solutions , Sage, London

De Renzio, P, 2005, ‘Increased Aid vs Absorptive Capacity: Challenges and opportunities towards 2015’, IDS bulletin. , 36 (3), pp. 20-7

De Renzio, 2007, ‘Briefing: Paved with good intentions? The role of aid in reaching the millennium development goals’, African affairs. , 106 (422), pp. 133-40

*Dollar, D & Levin, V, 2006, ‘The increasing selectivity of foreign aid, 1984-2003’, World development. 34 (12), pp. 2034-46

*Dollar, D & Pritchett, L (eds), 1998, Assessing Aid: What Works, What Doesn't and Why , World Bank, Washington

Dollar, D et al (eds), 2001, Aid and Reform in Africa: Lessons from ten case studies , World Bank, Washington

Easterly, W, 2006, The white man's burden : why the West's efforts to aid the rest have done so much ill and so little good , Penguin, New York

*Glennie, J, 2008, The trouble with aid : why less could mean more for Africa , Zed, London

Hanlon, J, 2004, ‘Is it possible to just give money to the poor? ’, Development and change. , 35 (2), pp. 375-83

Kapur, D, 2005, ‘Conditionality and its alternatives’ in Buira, A (ed.), The IMF and the World Bank at sixty Anthem Press, London, pp. 31-57

Killick, T, 2005, ‘Don’t Throw Money at Africa’, IDS bulletin. , 36 (3), pp. 14-19

Killick, T & Foster, M, 2011, ' The Macroeconomics of Doubling Aid to Africa and the Centrality of the Supply Side ', Development Policy Review, 29 (s1), pp. s83-s108

Kosack, S, 2003, ‘Effective Aid: How Democracy Allows Development Aid to Improve the Quality of Life’, World development , 31 (1), pp. 1-22

Lensink, R & White, H, 2000, ‘Assessing Aid: A manifesto for aid in the 21st century? ’, Oxford Development Studies , 28 (1), pp. 5-17

Martens, B, 2005, ‘Why do aid agencies exist? ’, Development policy review. , 23 (6), pp. 643-63

Mehrotra, S, 2002, ‘Aid as a Catalyst: Comments and debate on International development targets and Official Development Assistance, Development and change. 33 (3)

Morrissey, O, 2004, ‘Conditionality and aid effectiveness re-evaluated’, The world economy , 27 (2), pp. 153-71

Mosley, P, Hudson, J & Verschoor, A, 2004, ‘Aid, Poverty Reduction and the “New Conditionality”’, Economic journal . 114, pp. 217-43

*Moyo, D, 2009, Dead aid : why aid is not working and how there is another way for Africa , Allen Lane, London

Nunnenkamp, P and Thiele, R, 2006, ‘Targeting aid to the needy and deserving: nothing but promises? , The world economy. , 29 (9), pp. 1177-1201

Pronk, J, 2001, 'Aid as a catalyst', Development and Change , 32 (4), pp. 611-29

*Pronk, J et al, 2004, ‘Catalysing Development? A Debate on Aid’, Development and change. Special Issue, Blackwell

Raffer, K & Singer, H, 2001, The economic North-South divide : six decades of unequal development , Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, chapters 5 & 6

Randel, J, German T & Ewing, D (eds), 2002, The Reality of Aid 2002: An independent review of poverty reduction and international development assistance , IBON Foundation, Manila See also earlier editions in the Reality of Aid Project

*Riddell, R, 2007, Does foreign aid really work? OUP, Oxford

*Sachs, J, 2005, The end of poverty : how we can make it happen in our lifetime , Penguin

Sally, R, 2005, ‘Aid, Development and Global Governance: New initiatives and rehashed ideas’, Economic affairs , 25 (3)

Servaas, S, 2005, ‘Development, Trade or Aid? UN views on trade, growth and poverty’, Development and change , 36 (6), pp. 1239-61

Stokke, O (ed.), 1995, Aid and Political Conditionality , Cass, London

Svensson, J, 2000, ‘When is Foreign Aid Policy Credible? Aid dependence and conditionality’, Journal of Development Economics. 61, pp. 61-84

Therien, J-P & Lloyd, C, 2000, 'Development assistance on the brink', Third World Quarterly , 21 (1), pp. 21-38

Thirlwall, A, 2006, Growth and Development (8th edition), Palgrave Macmillan

*Todaro, M & Smith, S, 2009, Economic development (10 th edition), Addison-Wesley, Harlow, chapter 15

Van Der Walle, N, 1999, 'Aid's crisis of legitimacy: Current proposals and future prospects', African Affairs , Vol. 98, pp. 337-52

Wenar, L, 2006, ‘Accountability in international development aid’, Ethics and international affairs 20 (1), pp. 1-23

White, H, 2005, ‘The case for doubling aid’, IDS bulletin. 36 (3), pp. 8-13

Woods, N, 2005, ‘The shifting politics of foreign aid’, International affairs. , 81 (2), pp. 393-409

This list was last updated on 27/01/2011