Leeds University Library

PIED1330 - Module Reading List

Debating Europe, 2011/12, Semester 2
Dr Charlie Dannreuther
ipicd@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Key reading:

The following are the key texts for the course they can be thus deemed as crucial and offers something useful for every weeks seminar. Can I suggest that you take a look at them both and buy whichever book you find the most useful.

Gowland, D. et al (2006) The European mosaic : contemporary politics, economics, and culture (Harlow: Longman), 3rd edition.

Outhwaite, W. (2008) European society (Cambridge: Polity).

Sakwa, R. and Stevens, A. (eds.) (2006) Contemporary Europe (Basingstoke: Palgrave), 2nd edition.

General Reading:

The following are books which are very useful supplementary reading. Thus it is well worth consulting them often. There are also a number of copies in the bookshop. It may be worth purchasing one of these if you have the financial resources!

Dunkerley, D. et al (2002) Changing Europe : identities, nations and citizens (London: Routledge)

Torbiorn, K. (2003) Destination Europe : the political and economic growth of a continent (Manchester University Press).

Tsoukalis, L. (2005) What Kind of Europe? (Oxford University Press).

Yearbooks/Data Books

The library contains a wide variety of annual data books but a good starting point is Eurostat which has a wide range of longitudinal data sets covering everything from employment to population age to trade, transport, education and scientific variables across the EU and in comparison to the world. It is a great starting point for all your debates and report data requirements and available free at: http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/product_details/publication? p_product_code=KS-CD-10-220

But just because these are the facts does not mean that everyone believes it to be so! Opinions vary widely across the EU as different member states reflect different cultures, political compromises and systems and economies. So for the past 40 years Euro Barometer has been asking very large numbers of people what they think about long standing fundamental attitudes (are you more European than your national identity? ) to vitally important current issues (resource efficiency, citizenship, climate change, tourism etc). EB is organized into Standard, Special, Flash and Qualitative series each giving different kind of data on the questions that you will be debating on this module. It is a great resource, free and well worth becoming familiar with right at the start of your degree:

http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/index_en.htm

If this is all “too EU for you” then there are other data sources that you can draw on too. Reports by the UN are normally annual and host a whole raft of material. Particularly useful items are:

The UN also produces a World statistics pocketbook which is in the library and online at http://unstats.un.org/unsd/pocketbook/  

The OECD is also a very valuable source of cross national comparative data and most of their reports are in the library. These tend to be data sets with a policy orientation and so can be very helpful in looking at the successfulness of different countries in doing things like improving education levels, integrating migrants etc. Look in the library or at: http://www.oecd.org/home/0,2987,en_2649_201185_1_1_1_1_1,00.html

Fitoussi, J-P. and Le Cacheux, J. (2007) Report on the State of the European Union (Basingstoke: Palgrave). Older volume in the library.

On particular themes you might find these useful:

Culture and Society

The UN’s World economic and social survey : trends and policies in the world economy' also free online at http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/policy/wess/index.shtml

There is also a World Values Survey that explores cultural change in a comparative context at http://www.worldvaluessurvey.org/

Security:

On international security see the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)’s data on arms expenditure (etc) by country:  http://www.sipri.org/databases

Or on social security see the International Labor Organizations data at https://www.ilo.org/dyn/sesame/ifpses.home  

Politics

Political Data Yearbook ' this is an annual publication from European journal of political research  and organised by country on an annual basis.  

Transparency International publishes an online Global Corruption Report available at: http://www.transparency.org/publications/gcr

Environment

Climate Change data is available from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change at http://www.ipcc.ch/

Economic issues

For the EU’s response to the crisis look here: http://ec.europa.eu/europe2020/priorities/economic-governance/index_en.htm

And for a (rather sympathetic) introduction to the Credit Rating Agencies see http://www.ft.com/indepth/ratingsagencies

You should insure that you make use of such resources, as they will prove invaluable in helping you to acquire sufficient depth to your arguments.

Weekly Outline

Week 1  Seminar topic: Introduction and organizationSeminar Tasks:1. Go through course texts and reading lists2. Make sure that you understand the assessment guide and module aims and objectives3. Write the date in which your class debate (above) will take place on your guide, exchange email addresses with your group and decide when you are going to meet up as a group to define roles.

Week 2 Seminar Topic: What is Europe?Seminar Questions:

1. How do you understand the term ‘Europe’? What makes a state European?

2. Is Europe best determined in terms of what it is not or is there a European identity?

3. Is the idea of Europe meaningless?

4. Who decides what Europe is?

Read a couple of pieces from the reading list (which is online on the VLE) and make a note on how they have helped you to answer the above questions. If you are not satisfied with the answer look at another one. When you have a clearer idea have a look at the data that is available from Euro Barometer and the World Values Survey, both of which survey large populations across Europe and the World on key questions that help us to understand issues like identity.

*Ash T.G. (2001) 'Is Britain European? ', International affairs. , vol. 77, no. 1, pp. 1-14.

Beloff, M. (1957) Europe and the Europeans : an international discussion (a report prepared at the request of the Council of Europe (London: Chatto and Windus), Ch.1.

Berting, J. (2007) Europe : a heritage, a challenge, a promise (Eburon). Book on order.

Bertossi, Christophe. 2011. "National Models of Integration in Europe: A Comparative and Critical Analysis." American behavioral scientist. 55 (12):1561-80.

Berezin, M. et al (eds) (2003) Europe without borders : remapping territory, citizenship, and identity in a transnational age (New York: The Johns Hopkins University Press).

Bottici, C. and Challand, B. (2006) 'Rethinking Political Myth: The Clash of Civilizations as a Self-Fulfilling Prophecy', European journal of social theory. , vol. 9, no.3, pp. 315-36. See especially pp.321-30 which discusses the clash of civilizations thesis.

Burgess, A. (1997) Divided Europe : society and territory (London: Pluto Press)

*Davies, N. (1997) Europe : a history (London: Pimlico), pp.7-36.

Davies, N. (2007) Europe East and West (London: Jonathan Cape). Book on order.

Dunkerley, D. et al (2002) Changing Europe : identities, nations and citizens (London: Routledge), Ch. 8.

*Eder, K (2009) "A Theory of Collective Identity. Making Sense of the Debate on a 'European Identity'" European journal of social theory. 12, 5, pp.427-447

Gowland, D. (2006) The European mosaic : contemporary politics, economics, and culture (Harlow: Longman), 3rd Edition. Section 1.2.

Hay, D. (1957) Europe : the emergence of an idea (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press)

Hale, J. (1993) The civilization of Europe in the Renaissance (London: Fontana Press), Ch. 1.

Huntington, S. (1996) The clash of civilizations and the remaking of world order (London: Simon and Schuster).

Kumar, K. (2003) 'Britain, England and Europe: Cultures in Contraflow', European journal of social theory. , vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 5-23.

Laffan, B. (2001). 'The European Union Polity: a Union of Regulative, Normative and Cognitive Pillars', Journal of European public policy 8:5, 709-27. See discussion of identity on pp. 719-21.

Leane, Geoffrey W. G. 2011. "Rights of Ethnic Minorities in Liberal Democracies: Has France Gone Too Far in Banning Muslim Women from Wearing the Burka? " Human rights quarterly. 33 (4):1032-61.

*McCormick, J. (2005) Understanding the European Union : a concise introduction (Basingstoke: Macmillan), 3rd Edition. Chapter 2, 'The idea of Europe' provides a very good overview of all the issues.

Pagden, A. (ed) (2002) The idea of Europe : from antiquity to the European Union (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)

Passmore, K. (2006) 'Europe, East and West', History compass. , vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 161'4.

* Polat, Necati. 2011. "European integration as colonial discourse." Review of international studies. 37 (3):1255-72.

Risse, T. (2002) 'Nationalism and Collective Identities: Europe versus the Nation-State? ' in P. Heywood et al (eds) Developments in West European politics 2 (Basingstoke: Palgrave), Ch. 4.

Rieu, A. and Duprat, G. (eds) (1995) European democratic culture (London: Routledge)

Rose, R. (1996) What is Europe? : a dynamic perspective (New York: Harper Collins), Ch. 1

Sakwa, R. and Stevens, A. (2006) Contemporary Europe (Basingstoke: Palgrave), 2nd Edition, Ch. 1.

Sasson, D. (2007) The culture of the Europeans : Frome 1800 to the Present (London: HarperCollins). Book on order

Shelley, M. and Winck, M. (eds) (1995) Aspects of European cultural diversity (London: Routledge)

* Solt, Frederick. 2011. "Diversionary Nationalism: Economic Inequality and the Formation of National Pride." Journal of politics 73 (3):821-30.

* Storm, Ingrid. 2011. " Ethnic nominalism and civic religiosity: Christianity and national identity in Britain." The sociological review. 59 (4):828-46.

Van Der Dussen, J. et al (1995) The history of the idea of Europe (London: Routledge)

Literature on the linkage between Eastern Europe and the EU/Western Europe NB there is a vast array of literature in this area, the following is therefore just a brief indicator of some of what is available, more of which will be introduced in the lecture.

Dimitrova, A. (2004) Driven to change : the European Union's enlargement viewed from the East (Manchester University Press).

Fuchs D. and Klingemann H-D. (2002) 'Eastward Enlargement of the European Union and the Identity of Europe', West European politics. , vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 19-54

Grabbe, H. (2006) The EU's transformative power : Europeanization through conditionality in Central and Eastern Europe (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan)

Laitin, D. (2002) 'Culture and National Identity: 'The East'and European Integration', West European politics. , vol. 25, no. 2, pp. 55-80

Lord, C. and Harris, E. (2006) Democracy in the new Europe (Basingstoke: Palgrave).

McManus-Czubi ska ,C et al (2003) 'Understanding Dual Identities in Poland', Political studies. , vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 121-143.

Mayer, F. (2004) 'European Identities and the EU ' the Ties that Bind the Peoples of Europe', Journal of Common Market Studies. , vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 573-598.

Neumann, I. (1999) Uses of the other : "The East" in European identity formation (Manchester: Manchester University Press)

Pridham, G. (2005) Designing democracy : E.U. enlargement and regime change in post-communist Europe (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan).

Schimmelfennig, F. (2007) 'European Regional Organizations, Political Conditionality, and Democratic Transformation in Eastern Europe, East European politics and societies. , vol. 21, pp. 126-141.

Verdun, A. and Croci, O. (eds.) (2005) The European Union in the wake of Eastern enlargement : institutional and policy-making challenges (Manchester: Manchester University Press).

White S. et al 'Religion and Political Action in Postcommunist Europe', Political studies. , vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 681-705.

Website: The EU's enlargement website is at http://europa.eu/pol/enlarg/index_en.htm NB after a state joins the EU it is not discussed in terms of enlargement but becomes absorbed in the other functions of the EU. For discussion of Turkey: http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/turkish_cypriot_community/index_en.htm

Literature on the linkage between Turkey and Europe NB there is a rapidly growing literature on this, much of it perhaps inevitably centred on Turkey's impending accession to the EU. The following is therefore just a brief indicator of some of what is available, more of which will be introduced in the debate.

Altunisik, M. et al (2005) Turkey : challenges of continuity and change (London: Routledge).

Arikan, H. (2003) Turkey and the EU : an awkward candidate for EU membership? (Aldershot: Ashgate).

Atasoy, Y. (2005) Turkey, Islamists and democracy : transition and globalisation in a Muslim State (London: I. B. Tauris)

Aydin, Z. (2005) The political economy of Turkey (London: Pluto)

Capan, Z. and Onursal, O. (2007) 'Situating Turkey within the European union', Perspectives on European politics and society Vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 98-108 Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Çarkoglu, A. and Rubin, B. (eds) (2003) Turkey and the European Union : domestic politics, economic integration and international dynamics (London: Frank Cass).

Clesse, A. and Tashan, S. (eds) (2004) Turkey and the European Union : 2004 and beyond (Amsterdam Dutch University Press).

Dostal, Petr, Emel Akcali, and Marco Antonsich. 2011. "Turkey's Bid for European Union Membership: Between "Thick" and "Thin" Conceptions of Europe." Eurasian geography and economics. 52 (2):196-216.

House of Lords - European Union Committee (2005) Current developments in European foreign policy : 2nd report of session 2004-05 : report with evidence (London : Stationery Office).

Kardam, N. (2005) Turkey's engagement with global women's human rights (Aldershot: Ashgate).

Keyman, E. F. and Içduygu, A. (eds) (2005) Citizenship in a global world : European questions and Turkish experiences (London: Routledge).

Lake, M. (ed) (2005) The EU & Turkey : a glittering prize or a millstone? ( London: Federal Trust for Education and Research).

Ugur, M. and Canefe, N. (eds.) (2004) Turkey and European integration : accession prospects and issues (London: Routledge)

Week 3  

Student Debate: “In the C21st Europe means no more than European Union"

Draw on the lecture, your discussion from last week and other reading that you have done (eg on Turkish accession) to think about the ways that people identify with Europe as a place, as a set of shared values, experiences and histories. How far are these based on diversity or unity? How far are they dependent on the political institutions of the EU? How and why does the EU depend on such shared values? Is Europe more than the EU?

The EU’s website ( www.europa.eu ) provides a lot of data to illustrate your discussion but also look at EB and WVS data too.

Adomeit, H. (1979) 'Soviet perceptions of Western European integration: ideological distortion or realistic assessment? ' Millennium. 8, 1, pp. 1-24.

Averre, D. (2005) 'Russia and the European Union: Convergence or Divergence? ', European security Vol. 14, No. 2, pp. 175-202.

*Baranovsky, V. (2001) 'Russia: a Part of Europe or Apart from Europe? ' in A. Brown (ed) Contemporary Russian politics : a reader (Oxford: Oxford University Press), Ch.31.

*Davies, N. (1997) Europe : a history (London: Pimlico), pp.11-13.

Flenley, P. (1996) 'From Soviet to Russian Identity: the Origins of Contemporary Russian Nationalism and National Identity' in B. Jenkins and S. Sofos (eds) Nation and identity in contemporary Europe (London: Routledge), Ch. 10.

Gowland, D. et al (2006) The European mosaic : contemporary politics, economics, and culture (Harlow: Longman), 3rd Edition, Section 2.5.

Gvosdev, N. (2007) 'Russia: 'European But Not Western? ', Orbis. vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 129-40.

Hauner, M. (1990) What is Asia to us? : Russia's Asian heartland yesterday and today (Boston: Unwin Hyman).

Hernández, J. (2007) 'Understanding Conflict between Russia and the EU: The Limits of Integration', Journal of international relations and development vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 212-214.

Hoskings, G. (2003) Russia and the Russians : a history (Harmondsworth: Penguin)

Hughes, J. (2007) EU relations with Russia: Partnership or Asymmetric Interdependency? in N. Casarini and C. Musu (eds.) European foreign policy in an evolving international system : the road towards convergence (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan).

Koltsova, O. (2005) News media and power in Russia (London: Routledge).

Larrabee, S. (2006) 'Danger and Opportunity in Eastern Europe', Foreign affairs. , vol. 85, no. 6, pp. 117-31.

Löwenhardt, J., Hill, R, and Light, M. (2001) 'A wider Europe: the view from Minsk and Chisinau', International affairs. , vol. 77, no. 3, pp. 605-620.

Millar, J. (ed) (2004) Encyclopedia of Russian history (New York: Macmillan Reference).

Norris, J. (2005) Collision course : NATO, Russia, and Kosovo (Westport, Conn.; London: Praeger Pub)

Prozorov, S. (2006) Understanding conflict between Russia and the EU : the limits of integration (Baisingstoke: Palgrave). Book on order.

Riasanovsky, N. and Steinberg, M. (2005) A history of Russia (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Rosefielde, S. (2005) Russia in the 21st century : the prodigal superpower (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Ross, C. (2002) Federalism and democratisation in Russia (Manchester University Press)

Ross, C. (ed) (2004) Russian politics under Putin (Manchester: Manchester University Press)

Rumer, E. (2007) Russian foreign policy beyond Putin (Abingdon; New York: Routledge)

Sakwa, R. (2007) Putin : Russia's choice (Abingdon: Routledge), 2nd edition.

Sakwa, R. (2008) Russian politics and society (London: Routledge), 4th Edition.

Spidsboel-Hansen F. (2002) 'Explaining Russian Endorsement of the CFSP and the ESDP', Security Dialogue , vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 443-456(14)

Stent, A. and Shevtsova, L. (2002) 'America, Russia and Europe: a Realignment? ', Survival. , vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 121-134

Tishkov, V. (1996) 'Post-Soviet Nationalism' in R. Caplan and J. Feffer (eds.) Europe's new nationalism : states and minorities in conflict (Oxford: Oxford University Press), Ch.2.

Walker, M. (2007) 'Russia v. Europe: The Energy Wars', World policy journal. vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 1-8

Waller, M. (2005) Russian politics today : the return of a tradition (Manchester: Manchester University Press)

White, S. (2000) Russia's new politics : the management of a postcommunist society (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)

White, S. et al (eds) (2001) Developments in Russian politics 5 (Basingstoke: Palgrave). Lots of interesting stuff but see especially Ch.11.

White, S. et al (eds) (2005) Developments in Russian politics 6. (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan)

Wyman, M. (1997) Public opinion in postcommunist Russia (Basingstoke: Macmillan), Ch.8.

Websites/Data sources: On-EU Russia relations: http://ec.europa.eu/comm/external_relations/russia/intro/index.htm

On corruption ' Transparency international conducts an annual survey of corruption: http://www.transparency.org/

OECD: the OECD publishes surveys of a wide-range of countries. One particularly useful survey is the OECD economic surveys which are available in the library and online via the OPAC.

Week 4 Seminar Topic: Internal and External Security in EuropeSeminar Questions:1. What do we mean by the term security?2. Are threats to security real or largely imagined? How and why do they change? Is climate change a security issue?3. What is the difference between internal and external security? Which do you think is the most important and why?

4. To what degree can Europe still depend on the USA for its security?

Journal of Common Market Studies Special Issue: Security Cooperation beyond the Nation State: The EU's Common Security and Defence Policy Volume 49, Issue 1, pages 171–190, January 2011

Graham M. Smith 2005 “Into Cerberus’ Lair: Bringing the Idea of Security to Light” British journal of politics & international relations. : 2005 VOL 7, 485–507

Shulman, M.D. 1971 “What does security mean today” Foreign affairs., vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 607-618,

Ingelhardt and Abramson “Economic Security and Value Change” The American political science review. 88, 2, pp336-354

Altheide, D. (2006) Terrorism and the politics of fear (Lanham, MD: AltaMira Press).

Altheide, D. (2006) 'Terrorism and the Politics of Fear', Cultural Studies <=> Critical Methodologies , vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 415-39.

Beck, U. (1998) Democracy without enemies (Cambridge: Polity), Ch. 10.

Berman, E. G. 2003. "The provision of lethal military equipment: French, UK, and US peacekeeping policies towards Africa." Security Dialogue 34 (2):199-214.

Brodeur, J.P, Gill, P. and Tollborg, D. (eds) (2003) Democracy, law and security : internal security services in contemporary Europe (Aldershot: Ashgate)

Chafer, Tony, and Gordon Cumming. 2010. "Beyond Fashoda: Anglo-French security cooperation in Africa since Saint-Malo." International affairs. 86 (5):1129-+ .

Crawford, A. (ed) (2002) Crime and insecurity : governance and safety in Europe (Devon: Willan)

Durodié, B. (2007) 'Fear and Terror in a Post-Political Age', Government and opposition. vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 427'50.

Edwards A. and Gill P. (2002) 'The Politics of 'Transnational Organized Crime': Discourse, Reflexivity and the Narration of 'threat'', British journal of politics & international relations. , vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 245-270.

Elliott, L. (1997) The global politics of the environment (Basingstoke: Macmillan), Chapter 9. Second edition on order.

Füredi, F. (2005) The politics of fear (London : Continuum)

Füredi, F. (2006) Culture of fear revisited : risk taking and the culture of low expectation (London : Continuum), 4th edition.

Füredi, F. (2007) 'From the Narrative of the Blitz to the Rhetoric of Vulnerability', Cultural sociology Vol. 1, No. 2, 235-254.

Ganzle, S. and Sens, A. (eds.) (2007) The changing politics of European security : Europe alone? (Basingstoke: Palgrave). Book on order.

Guay T. and Callum R. (2002) 'The transformation and future prospects of Europe's defence industry', International affairs. , vol. 78, no. 4, pp. 757-776.

Hauser, G. and Kernic, F. (eds.) (2006) European security in transition (Aldershot: Ashgate). Book on order.

Henderson, K. (ed) (2005) The area of freedom, security, and justice in the enlarged Europe (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan).

Howorth, J. 2003. "France, Britain and the euro-Atlantic crisis." Survival 45 (4):173-+ .

———. 2004. "Discourse, ideas, and epistemic communities in European security and defence policy." West European politics. 27 (2):211-+ .

Huysmans J. (2000) 'The European Union and the Securitization of Migration', Journal of Common Market studies. , vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 751-777.

Huysmans, J. (2006) The politics of insecurity : fear, migration, and asylum in the EU (London: Routledge).

Ignazi, P. (1997) 'New Challenges: Post-Materialism and the Extreme Right' in M. Rhodes et al (eds) Developments in West European politics (Basingstoke: Macmillan), Ch.17.

Kirkby, J. (1995) The Earthscan reader in sustainable development (London: Eathscan), Ch.8.

Modood, T. et al (2006) Multiculturalism, Muslims and citizenship : a European approach (London: Routledge)

Monar, J. et al (2003) The European Union and internal security : guardian of the people? (Basingstoke: Palgrave)

Perkins, Richard, and Eric Neumayer. 2010. "The organized hypocrisy of ethical foreign policy: Human rights, democracy and Western arms sales." Geoforum. 41 (2):247-56.

Poku, N. and Graham, D. (eds) (1998) Redefining security : population movements and national security (London: Greenwood Press)

Rees, W. (2006) Transatlantic counter-terrorism cooperation : the new imperative (London: Routledge).

Sakwa, R. and Stevens, A. (eds.) (2006) Contemporary Europe (Basingstoke: Palgrave), Ch.10.

Shea, J. (1993) 'Security: the Future' in J. Lodge (ed) (1993) The European Community and the challenge of the future (London: Pinter), 2nd Edition. Ch. 20.

Sheehan, M. (2005) International security : an analytical survey (Boulder, Colo./London: Lynne Rienner).

Smith M. (2003) 'The framing of European foreign and security policy: towards a post-modern policy framework? ', Journal of European public policy. , vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 556-575.

Winn N. (2000) 'In Search of Europe's Internal and External Borders: Politics, Security, Identity and the European Union', Perspectives on European politics and society , vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 19-48

Week 5  

Student Debate: "Europe has not been this unsafe since the end of the Cold War".

Which is worse: mutually assured nuclear destruction, terrorist attack (and the responses that governments make to address them) or ecological catastrophe? You may want to consider these different notions of threat in your debate. You might also consider whether the ability of Europe to avoid the worst of these horrors is dependent on the powerful integrative forces of prosperity and growth … and what might happen when this growth disappears?  

Have a look at how Europe’s security has been both challenged and secured in the past and what conditions would enable adequate levels of security again.

NB much of the reading for week ten is also highly applicable here SO please refer to this also! Also do have a good look at the key international studies/security journals ' there is absolutely masses of useful stuff out there. Finally make sure you consult think tanks, government documents, UN reports and so forth ' all of these are readily available on the net.

Amin, S. and Kenz, A. (2005) Europe and the Arab world : patterns and prospects for the new relationship (London: Zed Books).

Barnett, J. (2001) The meaning of environmental security : environmental politics and policy in the new security era (New York: Zed Books).

Brodeur, J.P, Gill, P. and Tollborg, D. (eds) (2003) Democracy, law and security : internal security services in contemporary Europe (Aldershot: Ashgate)

Buzan, B. (2006) 'Will the 'global war on terrorism'be the new Cold War? ', International affairs. vol. 82, no. 6, pp. 1101'18.

Carlsnaes, W, Sjursen, H. and White, B. (eds.) (2004) Contemporary European foreign policy (London: Sage)

Coker, D. (2003) Empires in conflict : the growing rift between Europe and the United States (London: Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies)

Croft S. (2002) 'Guaranteeing Europe's security? Enlarging NATO again', International affairs. , vol. 78, no. 1, pp. 97-114.

Dodds, F. and Pippard, T. (eds.) (2005) Human and environmental security : an agenda for change (London: Earthscan)

Gärtner, H. and Cuthbertson, I. (eds) (2005) European security and transatlantic relations after 9/11 and the Iraq War (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan).

Geddes A. (2001) 'International Migration and State Sovereignty in an Integrating Europe', International migration. , vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 21-42.

Goldgeier J. and Daalder I. (2001) 'Putting Europe first', Survival. vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 71-92.

Hill, C. (2003) The changing politics of foreign policy (Basingstoke: Palgrave)

Hyde-Price, A. (1991) European security beyond the Cold War : four scenarios for the year 2010 (London : Royal Institute of International Affairs [and] Sage).

Ibrahim, M. (2005) 'The Securitization of Migration: A Racial Discourse', International migration. vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 163'87.

Jabko, N. and Parsons, C. (eds.) (2005) The State of the European Union Vol. 7 [electronic resource] : With US or Against US? European Trends in American Perspective (Oxford: Oxford University), Ch. 2-4.

Krause, J. and Wenger, A. (eds) (2001) Nuclear weapons into the 21st century : current trends and future prospects (New York: Peter Lang)

Lansford, T. and Tashev, B. (eds.) (2005) Old Europe, new Europe and the US : renegotiating transatlantic security in the post 9/11 era (Aldershot : Ashgate)

Leonard, M. (2005) Why Europe will run the 21st century (London: Fourth Estate).

McCormick, J. (2007) The European superpower (Basingstoke: Palgrave)

Military balance Is an annual publication which provides a lot of statistics of military hardware, expenditure and personnel.

Mueller, J. (2006) 'Is there still a Terrorist Threat? ', Foreign affairs. , vol. 85, no. 5, pp. 2-8.

Rynning, S. (2007) 'Peripheral or Powerful? The European Union's Strategy to Combat the Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons', European security. vol. 16, no. 3/4, pp. 267-88.

Saggar, S. (2006) '? The One Per Cent World: Managing the Myth of Muslim Religious Extremism', The political quarterly. vol. 77, no. 3, pp. 314'327.

Sakwa, R. and Stevens, A. (eds.) (2006) Contemporary Europe (Basingstoke: Palgrave), Ch. 10.

Smith, P. (2007) 'Climate Change, Mass Migration and the Military Response', Orbis. vol. 51, no.4, pp. 617-33.

Spence, D. (ed.) (2007) The European Union and terrorism (London: John Harper Publishing).

Spence, K. (2005) 'World Risk Society and War Against Terror', Political studies. vol, 53, no. 2, pp. 284'302.

Spidsboel-Hansen F. (2002) 'Explaining Russian Endorsement of the CFSP and the ESDP', Security Dialogue , vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 443-456.

Torbiörn, K. (2003) Destination Europe : the political and economic growth of a continent (Manchester: Manchester University Press).

Tuathail, G., Dalby, S. and Routledge, P. (eds.) (2006) The geopolitics reader (London: Routledge). Lots of very good material in here from both the cold-war and post cold-war era. Robert Kaplan's paper on the coming anarchy is very influential on post cold-war instability.

Walker, W. (2007) 'International nuclear order: a rejoinder', International affairs. vol. 83, no. 4, pp. 747'756.

Welsh, I. (2007) 'In defence of civilisation: Terrorism and environmental politics in the 21st century', Environmental politics. Vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 356-75.

*Wylie, J. (2004) 'The Kosovo intervention and European security: NATO's pyrrhic victory' in V. Koutrakou (ed.) Contemporary issues and debates in EU policy : the European Union and international relations (Manchester University Press).

Yost, D. (2007) 'Introduction: thinking about 'enlightenment' and 'counter-enlightenment' in nuclear policies', International affairs vol. 83, no. 3, pp. 427'30.

NB a great many of the books on Russia also explore the changing nature of its relations with Europe in security terms ' thus look at the reading for week 3 also if you are interested in the impact of Russia on Security. There has also been a lot of coverage of the link between Russia and European security recently (check the serious news media along with the journal Foreign Affairs and the Economist. The following are some items of Russia which are in addition to that list:

Baranovsky, V. (ed) (1997) Russia and Europe : the emerging security agenda (Stockholm: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute and Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Ponsard, L. (2006) Russia, NATO and cooperative security : bridging the gap (London: Routledge). Book on order.

Rosefielde, S. (2005) Russia in the 21st century : the prodigal superpower (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Sakwa, R. (2008) Russian politics and society (London: Routledge), 4th Edition, Ch. 17.

Week 6 Seminar topic: How does the European Union work? Seminar questions:1. Which of the EU institutions is most powerful and why?2. To what extent does the EU’s existing institutional structure resemble a ‘normal’ state?3. How do the EU institutions promote integration while accommodating difference?

4. Is it right that EU law takes precedent over national law?  

There is a vast array of literature on the EU, and most EU textbooks provide an overview of the institutional and legal framework. It is probably best to try just to get a sense of the EU as a whole rather than getting to bogged down in the details of individual institutions - there will be plenty of time for that later!

Andersen, S., Eliassen, K. and Sitter,N. (2001) 'Formal Processes: EU institutions and actors' in S. Andersen and K. Eliassen (eds) Making policy in Europe (London: Sage), 2nd Edition, Ch.2.

Bainbridge, T. (2002) The Penguin companion to European Union (London: Penguin), 3rd Edition. Like Dinan's Encyclopedia provides a vital reference work for this session.

*Bomberg, E. and Stubb, A. (eds.) (2003) The European Union - how does it work? (Oxford: Oxford University Press), Ch.3

Cram L., Dinan D., and N. Nugent (eds.) (2004) Developments in the European Union (Basingstoke: Macmillan). The old edition is actually better for the basics on the EU, than the second edition.

Dinan, D. (2000) (ed.) Encyclopedia of the European Union, (Boulder, Colorado: Lynne Rienner). This book can be thought of as a kind of dictionary of the EU providing excellent summaries of all of the key institutions and of the significance of EU law.

Fernandez-Garcia, J. et al (eds.) (2004) The student's guide to European integration : for students, by students (Cambridge: Polity).

George, S. and Bache, I. (2006) Politics in the European Union (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 2nd Edition, Ch. 18.

Gowland, D. et al (2006) The European mosaic : contemporary politics, economics and culture (Harlow: Longman), 3rd Edition. Section 3.2.

Green Cowles, M. and Dinan, D. (eds.) (2004) Developments in the European Union 2 (Basingstoke: Palgrave). This edition is less useful on the basics of the EU but it does cover contemporary debates.

Hix, S. (2005) The political system of the European Union. (Basingstoke: Palgrave), 2nd Edition.

McCormick, J. (2005) Understanding the European Union : a concise introduction (Basingstoke: Macmillan), 3rd Edition. Ch. 4

Nugent N. (2006) The Government and politics of the European Union (Basingstoke: Macmillan), 6th Edition. Please use this edition.

Peterson, J. and Shackleton, M. (eds.) (2006) The institutions of the European Union (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 2nd Edition. Covers the institutions in extreme detail!

Richardson J.J. (2006) (ed.) European Union : power & policy-making (London: Routledge), 3rd Edition. Part 2 has lots on the different institutions.

There is some excellent literature on the scope and scale of EU law ' good starting points are:

Conant, L. (2007) 'Review Article: The Politics of Legal Integration', Journal of Common Market Studies. ' Annual Review, vol. 45, s1, pp. 45-66.

Hix, S. (2005) The political system of the European Union. (Basingstoke: Palgrave), 2nd Edition, Ch. 4.

Kassim, H. and Menon, A. (1996) 'The European Union and State Autonomy' in H. Kassim and A. Menon (eds) The European Union and national industrial policy (London: Routledge), Ch.1

Leibfried, S. (2005) 'Social Policy: left to judges and markets? ' in H. Wallace, W. Wallace and M. Pollack (eds.) Policy-making in the European Union (Oxford University Press), 5th Edition, Ch.10. This chapter builds on some seminal work work by Leibfried and Pierson over the years

McCown, M. (2006) 'Judicial law-making and European integration: the European Court of Justice' in J. Richardson (ed.) European Union : power & policy-making (London: Routledge), 3rd Edition, Ch.8.

Wincott, D. (1999) 'The Court of Justice and the Legal System' in L. Cram et al (eds) Developments in the European Union (Basingstoke: Macmillan), Ch. 5. A very good piece which whilst a bit old is clearly argued and provides a solid introduction to the field.

Week 7  

Student Debate: ‘ The EU has enabled democracy in Europe and the world

The reading for this topic is potentially vast as to a degree you could measure the success or failure of the EU in a large number of different ways (e.g in the delivery of democracy, in terms of policy success/failure, in terms of the delivery of economic prosperity), so please speak to your tutor for specific guidance on this.  You may want to consider how the EU provided a peaceful framework within which nation states could become mature democracies, and how the EU has promoted democratic values in its development and foreign policies. But can any of this make up for the democratic deficit in the EU itself?  Or did the Lisbon Treaty address this?

The reading for this topic is potentially vast as to a degree you could measure the success or failure of the EU in a large number of different ways (e.g in the delivery of democracy, in terms of policy success/failure, in terms of the delivery of economic prosperity). Thus please speak to your tutor for specific guidance on this.

Grant, W. et al (2001) The effectiveness of European Union environmental policy (Basingstoke: Palgrave).

Hix, S. (2008) What's wrong with the European Union and how to fix it (Cambridge: Polity)

Journal of Common Market Studies. (Annual) Annual Review of Activities. The Annual review, like the EU's official review, is essential providing a summary of what the EU has achieved (or not) over the previous year, but also reflecting on the response of citizens to policy.

Menon, A. (2008) Europe : the state of the union (Atlantic Books)

* Milward, Alan 1992 The European rescue of the nation-state London : Routledge, 1992.

Scharpf, F. (1997) 'Economic integration, democracy and the welfare state', Journal of European public policy.. vol. 4, no.1, pp. 18-36.

Scharpf, F. (1999) Governing in Europe : effective and democratic? (Oxford: Oxford University Press)

Schmitter, P. (2000) How to democratize the European Union ... and why bother? (Oxford: Rowman and Littlefield)

The following provides some sense of the readings on the popularity of the EU.

Bonino, E. et al (1997) How much popular support is there for the EU? (Brussels: Philip Morris Institute for Public Policy Research)

Cohen-Tanu, L. (2005) 'The End of Europe? ', Foreign affairs.. vol. 84, no. 6, p55-67.

Crombez, C (2003) 'The Democratic Deficit in the European Union: Much Ado about Nothing? ' European Union politics.. , vol. 4, no.1: 101-120.

Franklin, M. et al (1995) 'Referendum Outcomes and Trust in Government: Public Support for Europe in the Wake of Maastricht', West European politics.. , vol. 18, no.3: 101-17.

Gowland, D. et al (2006) The European mosaic : contemporary politics, economics and culture (Harlow: Longman), 3rd Edition. Section 3.4 gives an overview of EU policies; Section 4.3 looks at European democracy.

Green Cowles, M. and Dinan, D. (eds.) (2004) Developments in the European Union 2 (Basingstoke: Palgrave). See Ch. 4 on Euroscepticism.

Hainsworth, P. (2006) 'France Says No: The 29 May 2005 Referendum on the European Constitution', Parliamentary affairs. vol. 59, no. 1, pp. 98-117.

Hay, C. (2007) Why we hate politics (Cambridge: Polity). Not centred on the EU but offering some interesting insights into the politics of trust.

Hayward, J. (ed) (1995) 'The Crisis of Representation in Europe ' a special issue', West European politics., vol. 18, no. 3.

Hix, S. (2005) The political system of the European Union. (Basingstoke: Palgrave), Ch.5. This covers the differences between elite and mass views of Europe.

*Hooghe, L. (2003) 'Europe Divided? Elites vs Public Opinion on European Integration', European Union politics.. , vol. 4, no. 3: 281-304. Looks at the elite-public divide. Reflect ' do elites represent the public?

Hurrelmann, A. (2007) ? European Democracy, the 'Permissive Consensus' and the Collapse of the EU Constitution,? European law journal. vol. 13 (3), 343'359.

Liddle, R. (2005) The new case for Europe : the crisis in British pro-Europeanism - and how to overcome it (London : Fabian Society)

*Neunreither, K. (2000) 'Political Representation in the European Union: A Common Whole, Various Wholes, or Just a Hole? ' in K. Neunreither and A. Wiener (eds) European integration after Amsterdam : institutional dynamics and prospects for democracy (Oxford: Oxford University Press), Ch. 8. NB also an e-book.

Newman, M. (2006) 'After the 'Permissive Consensus': Still searching for democracy' in J. Richardson (ed) European Union : power & policy-making (London: Routledge), 3rd Edition, Ch. 18.

Newton, K. (2006) ? 'Political Support: Social Capital, Civil Society and Political and Economic Performance', Political studies.. vol. 54 (4), 846'864 ' does not look at the EU but does offer a very useful review of the 'trust in government' debate.

Nugent, N. (ed.) (2004) European Union enlargemen t (Basingstoke: Palgrave), Ch. 6 on European Identity and Ch. 7 on the citizens are both useful.

Qvortrup, M. (2006) 'The Three Referendums on the European Constitution Treaty in 2005', The political quarterly. vol. 77, no. 1, pp. 89'97.

Sakwa, R. and Stevens, A. (eds.) (2006) Contemporary Europe (BAsingtoke: Palgrave), Ch.8.

Sbragia, A. (ed.) (2006) 'Symposium: The EU and Its 'Constitution': Public Opinion, Political Elites, and Their International Context ' Special Issue' PS : political science and politics.. Volume 39, Issue 02. Contains a whole raft of really interesting papers on the EU referendum no votes and their legacy.

Szczerbiak, A. and Taggart, P. (eds) (2004) 'Special Issue on European Referendums', West European politics.. , vol. 27, no.4. An excellent issue covering both theoretical arguments and also empirical analysis.

Stoker, G. (2006) Why politics matters : making democracy work (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan). Not centred on the EU but offering some interesting insights into the politics of trust.

Other interesting items are:

Bromund, T. (2005) Selling Europe : the struggle over European integration in Great Britain, 1956-1963/ Ted Bromund. (Cheltenham: Frank Cass)

Fitoussi, J.P. and Schioppa, F. (eds) (2005) Report on the state of the European Union. vol.1. (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan).

Leonard, M. (2005) Why Europe will run the 21st century (London : Fourth Estate)

Trechsel, A. (ed) (2005) Towards a federal Europe? (Abingdon: Routledge)

Vachudová, M. A. (2005) Europe Undivided Democracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism (Oxford: Oxford University Press)

Data Sources

Commission of the European Communities (Annual at least!) Eurobarometer surveys. The Commission compiles twice yearly surveys of EU public opinion (including the assession states). These provide wonderful data in all kinds of areas, most usefully for our purposes in terms of the perception which citizens have of the success of the EU in delivering desirable outcomes (e.g. the Euro, environment etc). The Eurobarometer URL is: http://europa.eu.int/comm/public_opinion/ Commission of the European Communities (Annual) General Report of the Activities of the European Union (Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Union). A Priceless review of the policy outputs of EU. The URL is: http://europa.eu/generalreport/en/welcome.htm Data on implementation of EU law is at: http://ec.europa.eu/community_law/eulaw/index_en.htm

Week 8 Seminar Topic: How does the

EU protect the environment? Seminar Questions:There are a number of important concepts frequently cited by the environmental movement and it would be interesting to reflect on these:1. What is post-materialism? How useful is the post-materialist thesis for understanding environmental attitudes in Europe?2. What do we mean by the term future generations? How many rights should future generations have?3. What is the tragedy of the commons?4. How real are the threats posed to Europe’s environment?5. ‘The sceptics are right – there is little to be concerned with regarding the environment’. Debate.

Dobson, A. (ed.) (1991) The Green reader : essays toward a sustainable society (San Francisco: Mercury House)

Dobson, A. (2007) Green political thought (London: Routledge), 4th Edition.

*Inglehart, R. (1997) The silent revolution : changing values and political styles among Western publics (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press).

Inglehart, R. (ed.) (2003) Human values and social change : findings from the values surveys (Leiden: Brill).

Nelissen, N., J. Van der Straaten and Leon Klinkers (eds) (1997) Classics in environmental studies : an overview of classic texts in environmental studies (Utrecht: International Books).

Schumacher, E.F. (1974) Small is beautiful : a study of economics as if people mattered (London: Abacus)In terms of the environmental challenges

* Baker, S., M. Kousis, D. Richardson and S. Young (eds), (1997) The politics of sustainable development : theory, policy and practice within the European Union (London: Routledge), Intro and Ch.1

Barnett, J. (2001) The meaning of environmental security : environmental politics and policy in the new security era (New York: Zed Books)

Barry, J. et al (eds.) (2004) Europe, globalization and sustainable development t (London: Routledge).

Dodds, F. and Pippard, T. (eds.) (2005) Human and environmental security : an agenda for change (London: Earthscan)

Elliott, L. (2004) The global politics of the environment (Basingstoke: Macmillan).

Jackson, T. (ed.) (2006) The Earthscan reader in sustainable consumption (London: Earthscan).

Lane, J.E. and Errsson, S. (1998) Politics and society in Western Europe (London: Sage), 4th Edition. See chapter on social attitudes which covers post-materialism.

Meadows, D. et al (2005) The limits to growth : the 30-year update (London: Earthscan), revised edition.

Munasinghe, M. and Swart, R. (2005) Primer on climate change and sustainable development : facts, policy analysis and applications (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)

Paterson, M. (2004) 'Climate Change Politics: Ongoing Controversies, Maturing Analyses', Environmental politics.. , vol.13, no.2, pp. 482 ' 88

Sheehan, M. (2005) International security : an analytical survey (Boulder, Colo./London: Lynne Rienner).

Smith, P. (2007) 'Climate Change, Mass Migration and the Military Response', Orbis. vol. 51, no.4, pp. 617-33.Stephens, P. et al (eds.) (2006) Contemporary environmental politics : from margins to mainstream (London: Routledge).

Worldwatch Institute (2007) State of the world 2007 : our urban future : a Worldwatch Institute report on progress toward a sustainable society. (New York: W.W. Norton).

Official PublicationsThe EU produces a whole raft of excellent reports on the environment. The following was debated extensively in the press in January 2007:Commission of the European Communities (2007) Limiting Global Climate Change to 2 degrees Celsius The way ahead for 2020 and beyond - COM(2007) 2 final. Available at: http://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/pdf/com_2007_2_en.pdf

The EU webportal on the environment can be found at: http://europa.eu/pol/env/index_en.htm

You also must check UN and UK government documents on the environment.The UK department of environment, food and rural affairs is at: http://www.defra.gov.uk/ Useful UN portals are http://:http://unfccc.int/2860.php [on climate change] http://www.un.org/esa/progareas/sustdev.html [on sustainable developmen]

Essential reference work:

Pretty, J. (ed.) (2006) Environment (Issues for the 21st Century) (London: Sage).Various authors (annual publication) The Green Globe Yearbook of International Co-operation on Environment and Development (Oxford: Oxford University Press). Excellent articles at: http://www.fni.no/YBICED/YBICED-art.html

Week 9  

Student Debate: “Only Europe’s Consumers can save the planet” Debate.

Commission of the European Communities (2006) Environment fact sheet : sustainable development. (Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Union). Again this is just an example – please use the library/websites for detail on European/EU environmental policy.  

You might also look at the Sustainable Consumption, Production and Industry Action Plan as an outline of the strategy:

http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/environment/general_provisions/ev0005_en.htm

Debate.

Commission of the European Communities (2006) Environment fact sheet : sustainable development. (Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Union).

Again this is just an example ' please use the library/websites for detail on European/EU environmental policy.

De-Shalit, A. (2004) 'From Malthus to Six Billion ' and Back', Environmental politics.. , vol. 13, no. 4, pp.781 ' 85.Dobson, A. (2007) Green political thought London: Routledge), 4th Edition.

Hardin, G. (1968) ' The tragedy of the commons', Science., vol. 162, pp. 1243-8. Copy of Article in EBL High Demand: Article H0172. An absolute classic.

House of Commons Environmental Audit Committee (2007) Beyond Stern : from the climate change programme review to the draft Climate Change Bill : seventh report of session 2006-07 : report, together with formal minutes, oral and written evidence : (London: Stationery Office).

HM Treasury (2006) The economics of climate change : the Stern review. Full text of the report available at: http://www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/sternreview_index.htm

*Lomborg, B. (2001) The skeptical environmentalist : measuring the real state of the world (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). A highly controversial contribution which excited considerable debate.

Lomborg, B. (ed.) (2004) Global crises, global solutions (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).Lomborg, B. (2007) Cool it: the skeptical environmentalist's guide to global warming (London: Marshall Cavendish).

McCutcheon, R. (1979) Limits of a modern world : a study of the 'Limits to growth' debate (London: Butterworth).

Meadows, D. et al (1972) The limits to growth : a report for the Club of Rome's project on the predicament of mankind (London: Earth Island). The limits to growth thesis is arguably incredibly influential to this day in setting out the case that the world has a finite capacity to absorb human action. The thesis and its subsequent critique are important for an informed understanding of environmental policy.

Meadows, D. et al (1992) Beyond the limits : global collapse or a sustainable future (London: Earthscan).

Meadows, D. et al (2005) The limits to growth : the 30-year update (London: Earthscan), revised edition.

Nelissen, N., J. Van der Straaten and Leon Klinkers (eds) (1997) Classics in environmental studies : an overview of classic texts in environmental studies (Utrecht: International Books).

Neurath, P. (1994) From Malthus to the Club of Rome and back : problems of limits to growth, population control, and migrations (Armonk, NY/London: M.E. Sharpe).

Page, E. and Redclift, M. (eds.) (2002) Human security and the environment : international comparisons (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar).

Pirages, D. and Cousins, K. (eds.) (2005) From resource scarcity to ecological security : exploring new limits to growth (Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press).

Pearce, D. et al (2006) Cost-benefit analysis and the environment : recent developments (Paris: OECD)

Unknown (2006) 'The Stern Review on the Economic Effects of Climate Change', Population and development review. vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 793'798.

Whiteside, K. (2006) Precautionary politics : principle and practice in confronting environmental risk (Cambridge, Mass.; London: MIT Press).

For those interested in reflecting on some of the themes raised within the staff debate, particularly on the link between capitalism, the environment and modernity, the following may prove to be of some interest:

* Baker, S., M. Kousis, D. Richardson and S. Young (eds), (1997) The politics of sustainable development : theory, policy and practice within the European Union (London: Routledge), Intro and Ch.1.

Bryant, R.L. and Bailey, S. (1997) Third World political ecology (London: Routledge). Ch.5.

Clapp, J. and Dauvergne, P. (2005) Paths to a green world : the political economy of the global environment (Cambridge, Mass.; London: MIT Press).

Golub, J. (ed) (1998) Global competition and EU environmental policy (London: Routledge). Ch.1.

Greenwood, D. (2007) 'The halfway house: Democracy, complexity, and the limits to markets in green political economy', Environmental politics. vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 73-91.

Irwin, R. (2007) 'The neoliberal state, Environmental Pragmatism, and its discontents', Environmental politics. vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 643-58.

Kütting, G. (2004) Globalization and the environment : greening global political economy (Albany, USA: State University of New York Press).

Layfield, D. (2008) 'New politics or environmental class struggle? ', Environmental politics. vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 3'19. This is interesting but might be a little complex as it focuses on notions of struggle.

O' Connor, M. (ed) (1994) Is capitalism sustainable? : political economy and the politics of ecology (London: Guilford Press).

Schumacher, E. F. (1973) Small is beautiful : a study of economics as if people mattered (London: Blond and Briggs)

Stevis, D. and Assetto, V. (2001) The international political economy of the environment : critical perspectives (Boulder, Colo.; London: Lynne Rienner).

Wall, D. (2007) 'Realist utopias? Green alternatives to capitalism', Environmental politics. vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 518-22.

Weale, A. et al (2000) Environmental governance in Europe : an ever closer ecological union? (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Werther, W. and Chandler, D. (2006) Strategic corporate social responsibility : stakeholders in a global environment (London: Sage).

Week 10 Seminar topic: Does European Capitalism have a Future? Seminar questions:

1. How do we understand different models of capitalism in Europe?

2. Is there any future for European Capitalism?

3. Has Europe’s regulated model saved it from the worst of the crisis?

4. Does the EU promote one model of capitalism over another?

Key reading:

Rhodes, M. and van Apeldoorn, B. (1997) 'Capitalism versus Capitalism in Western Europe' in M. Rhodes et al (eds) Developments in West European politics (Basingstoke: Macmillan).

Schmidt, V. (2005) 'The Europeanization of national economies' in S. Bulmer and C. Lequesne (eds.) The member states of the European Union (Oxford: Oxford University Press), Ch. 16.

Additional Reading:

Albert, M. (1993) Capitalism against capitalism (London: Whurr Publishers Ltd).

Bieler, A. and Morton, A. (eds) (2001) Social forces in the making of the new Europe : the restructuring of European social relations in the global political economy (Basingstoke: Macmillan)

Brewer, T. et al (eds) (2002) Globalizing Europe : deepening integration, alliance capitalism, and structural statecraft (Cheltenham: Edward Elgar)

Cernat L. (2004) 'The emerging European corporate governance model: Anglo-Saxon, Continental, or still the century of diversity? ', Journal of European public policy. , vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 147-166.

Coates, D. (2000) Models of capitalism : growth and stagnation in the modern era (Cambridge: Polity Press).

Coates, D. (ed) (2005) Varieties of capitalism, varieties of approaches (Basingstoke: Palgrave).

De Jong, H. (1995) 'European Capitalism: Between Freedom and Social Justice', Review of industrial organization., vol. 10, pp. 399-419.

*Dunkerley, D. et al (2002) Changing Europe : identities, nations and citizens (London: Routledge), Ch.11.

Galbraith, J.K. (1972) The new industrial state (London: Deutsch), 2nd edition. Also feel free to take a look at Galbraith's Affluent Society which is a total classic.

Hall, P. and Soskice, D. (eds.) (2001) Varieties of capitalism : the institutional foundations of comparative advantage (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Hodges, M. and Woolcock, S. (1993) 'Atlantic Capitalism versus Rhine Capitalism in the European Community', West European politics. vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 329-344.

Hutton, W. (1995) The state we're in (London: Jonathan Cape)

Jessop, B. (2002) The future of the capitalist state (Oxford: Polity)

Levi-Faur, D. and Jordana, J. (eds) (2005) The rise of regulatory capitalism : the global diffusion of a new order (London : Sage Publications)

Menz G. (2003) 'Re-regulating the Single Market: national varieties of capitalism and their responses to Europeanization, Journal of European public policy. vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 532-555.

Perraton, J. and Clift, B. (eds.) (2004) Where are national capitalisms now? (Basingstoke: Palgrave).

Pierson, C. (2001) Hard choices : social democracy in the twenty-first century (Cambridge: Polity), Ch. 4.

Pollack, M. (2000) 'A Blairite Treaty: Neo-Liberalism and Regulated Capitalism in the Treaty of Amsterdam' in K. Neunreither and A. Wiener (eds), European integration after Amsterdam : institutional dynamics and prospects for democracy (Oxford University Press)

Rhodes, M. and van Apeldoorn, B. (1997) 'Capitalism versus Capitalism in Western Europe' in M. Rhodes et al (eds) Developments in West European politics (Basingstoke: Macmillan).

Rhodes, M. and van Apeldoorn, B. (1997) The transformation of West European capitalism (Florence: European University Institute)

Schmidt, V. (2002) The futures of European capitalism (Oxford: Oxford University Press)

Van Apeldoorn, B. (2002) Transnational capitalism and the struggle over European integration (London : Routledge)

Verdun, A. (2006) 'Political economy and the European Union' in M. Cini and A. Bourne (eds.) Palgrave advances in European Union studies (Basingstoke: Palgrave), Ch. 10.

Week Seven beginning 9th March 2009.

Student Debate: 'The credit crunch reveals an unpalatable truth ' the Anglo-Saxon model of capitalism is dead'.

Literature which is more specifically useful for accounting for the current economic crisis.

NB ' as you will no doubt appreciate this is a rapidly evolving field with literature appearing almost daily. I will try to supply some more up-to-date references as the module goes on but you can also gain some very useful material from the 'serious newspapers' such as The financial times , The economist. , European voice. , The Guardian. , Telegraph, The Independent. etc.

Klein, N. (2007) The shock doctrine : the rise of disaster capitalism (Londone: Allen Lane).

Levitt, S. and Dubner, S. (2006) Freakonomics : a rogue economist explores the hidden side of everything (London: Penguin), revised edition.

Minsky, H. (1986) Stabilizing an unstable economy (New Haven: Yale University Press) ' a classic which has become increasingly prophetic!

Peston, R. (2008) Who runs Britain? (London: Hodder and Stroughton). Up-to-date and insightful from the man from Radio 4!

Strange, S. (1994) States and markets (London: Pinter), 2nd Edition.

Strange, S. (1998) Mad money (Manchester: Manchester University Press)

Strange, S. (1997) Casino capitalism (Manchester: Manchester University Press)

Susan Strange is one of the leading authorities on IPE and the politics of finance. Her work makes for profound reading in light of the current economic circumstances.

Government Documents

There are a substantial number of government reports/documents which are offering explanations and analysis of the contemporary economic situation. The following are some examples. Again, as more material comes to light I will pass it on but do feel free to navigate the government, UK parliament and EU portals for more on this.

HM Treasury (2008) Managing the global economy through turbulent times, Published: 8th December 2008 (London: HMSO). Available at: http://www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/d/managingtheglobaleconomy_081208.pdf

HM Treasury (2008) The case for a concerted international fiscal response (London: HMSO). Published: 24th November 2008. Available at: http://www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/d/pbr08_internationalfiscalresponse_853.pdf

Current 2012 HMT view on EU actions is at:

http://www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/fin_euintl_protecting_taxpayers.htm

General Literature on the Threat to the Nation State from the Rise of Globalisation

Bernauer, T. and Archini, C. (2000) 'From Real to 'Virtual'States? Integration of the World Economy and its Effects on Government Activity', European journal of international relations. vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 223-76.

Dicken, P. (1992) Global shift : transforming the world economy (London: Paul Chapman), 2nd Edition. NB there is also a 3rd Edition

Dunkerley, D. et al (2002) Changing Europe : identities, nations and citizens (London: Routledge), Ch. 3 and Ch. 11.

Held, D. and McGrew, A (2003). The global transformations reader : an introduction to the globalization debate (Cambridge: Polity Press), 2nd Edition.

*Held, D and McGrew, A. (2002) Globalization, Anti-Globalization. (Malden Mass, Blackwell).

Hirst, P. and Thompson, G. (1999) Globalization in Question : the International Economy and Possibilities of Governance. (Cambridge: Polity), 2nd Edition.

Jackson, R. (ed) (1999) 'Sovereignty at the Millennium', Political studies. : Special Issue, Vol. 47, No. 3.

McGrew, A. (2003) 'Between Two Worlds, Europe in a Globalising Era', Government and opposition. vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 343-58.

OECD (1999) Measuring globalisation : the role of multinationals in OECD economies = Mesurer la mondialisation : le poids des multinationales dans les économies de l'OCDE (Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development)

Scholte, J.A. (2005) Globalization : a critical introduction (Basingstoke: Palgrave), 2nd Edition.

Tsoukalis, L. (2003) What kind of Europe? (Oxford University Press)

Weiss, L. (1998) The myth of the powerless state : governing the economy in a global era (Cambridge: Polity).

Wolf, M. (2001) 'Will the Nation-State Survive Globalization? ', Foreign affairs. January/February 2001

This list was last updated on 17/01/2012