Leeds University Library

PIED5213M - Module Reading List

Conflict, Complex Emergencies and Global Governance, 2011/12, Semester 1
Professor Alice Hills
A.E.Hills@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

General Reading

The introductory chapters to the following books provide an overview of the debate:

Beswick, Danielle and Paul Jackson, Conflict, security and development : an introduction (London: Routledge, 2011).

Chandler, David, ‘Review Article: Theorising the shift from security to insecurity—Kaldor, Duffield and Furedi’, Conflict Security and Development, 8:2 (2008), 265-276.

Duffield, Mark, Global Governance and the New Wars: The Merging of Development and Security (London: Zed Books, 2001).

Duffield, Mark, Development, Security and Unending War: Governing the World of Peoples (Cambridge: Polity, 2007)

Keen, David, Complex Emergencies (Cambridge: Polity, 2008).

Held, David, and Anthony McGrew, Governing Globalization: Power, Authority, and Global Governance (Cambridge/Oxford: Polity/Blackwells, 2002).

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Main Journals

Relevant journals from the fields of international studies, development and regional studies include: African Affairs; Conflict Security and Development; Disasters; International Peacekeeping; International Security; Intervention and State Building; Review of African Political Economy; Security Dialogue; Third World Quarterly. Journals such as Cultural anthropology. offer additional insights.

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Electronic Sources

The Web is fluid and sites and links may no longer exist, but the range of material available is impressive. See, for instance:

Clingendael Institute, http://www.clingendael.nl

Department for International Development, http://www.dfid.gov.uk

GRSDRC, http://www.gsdrc.org/go/topic-guides/security-and-development/

Human Rights Watch, http://www.hrw.org

International Crisis Group, http://www.crisisweb.org

Nordiska Afrikainstitutet:http://www.nai.uu.se/publications

Stimson Center, http://www.stimson.org/pubs/

World Bank, http://www.worldbank.org

United Nations Development Programme, http://www.undp.org

United States Institute of Peace, http://www.usip.org

See also reputable websites for news, and news magazines and broadsheets include Al-Jazeera, BBC News, IRIN, The economist.., The Financial Times., The Guardian., Washington Post and The New York Times..

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Seminar Reading

Items marked * are recommended reading. The list gives an indication of the types of material available — you are not expected to read everything on it, or, indeed, everything in the publication concerned. Journals are available via the library’s electronic resources.

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Week One

Lecture Topic: Introduction: Conflict, Complex Emergencies and Global Governance

Seminar Topics:

1. Introductions, assignments and overview

Reading

*Beswick, Danielle and Paul Jackson, Conflict, security and development : an introduction (London: Routledge, 2011).

* Buur, Lars, Steffen Jensen and Finn Stepputat, The security-development nexus : expressions of sovereignty and securitization in Southern Africa (Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, 2007). Introduction.

* Chandler, David, ‘Review Article: Theorising the shift from security to insecurity—Kaldor, Duffield and Furedi’, Conflict security and development., 8:2 (2008), 265-276.

* Duffield, Mark, Global governance and the new wars : the merging of development and security (London: Zed Books, 2001). Chapters 1, 5.

Friis , Karsten , and Pia Jarmyr eds., Comprehensive Approach. Challenges and opportunities in complex crisis management (Oslo: NUPI, 2008). http://english.nupi.no/index.php/publikasjoner/boeker_rapporter/2008/comprehensive_approach_challenges_and_opportunities_in_complex_crisis_management

* Keen, David, Complex emergencies (Cambridge: Polity, 2008). Introduction.

Goodhand, Jonathon and David Hulme, ‘From Wars to Complex Political Emergencies: Understanding Conflict and Peace-building in the New World Disorder’, Third world quarterly., 20: 1 (1999).

Cliffe, Lionel, and Robin Luckham, ‘Complex Political Emergencies and the State: Failure and the Failure of the State’, Third world quarterly., 20: 1 (1999).

Collier, Paul, ‘Civil War as Development in Reverse’, in Paul Collier et al. Breaking the conflict trap : civil war and development policy. (Oxford: OUP and the World Bank, 2003).

http://econ.worldbank.org/wbsiteee/external/extmodelsite/extprrmodel/0,,imgpagepk:64202988~entityid:000094946_0306190405396~pagepk:64212652~pipk:64212659~thesitepk:477803,00.html

Macrae, Joanna, and Anthony Zwi, War and hunger : rethinking international responses to complex emergencies (London: Zed Books, 1994).

Munslow, Barry, and Christopher Brown, ‘Complex Emergencies: The Institutional Impasse’, Third world quarterly., 20: 1 (1999).

* Security Dialogue, 'Special Issue on the Security–Development Nexus Revisited', 41: 5 (2010).

Thomas, Caroline, ‘Global Governance, Development and Human Security: Exploring the Links’, Third world quarterly., 22: 2 (2001).

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Week Two

Lecture Topic : What’s new about today’s challenges?

Seminar Topics:

1. Why is the security-development nexus so popular?

2. Is there anything new about new wars?

3. What are the strengths and weaknesses of the new wars paradigm?

Reading

*Beswick, Danielle and Paul Jackson, Conflict, security and development : an introduction (London: Routledge, 2011).

* Buur, Lars, Steffen Jensen and Finn Stepputat, The security-development nexus : expressions of sovereignty and securitization in Southern Africa (Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet, 2007). Chapter 1.

* Bøås, Morten, ‘The Liberian Civil War: New War/Old War? ’ Global Society, 19: 1 (2005), 73-88.

* Bøås, Morten and Kevin Dunn (eds),African guerrillas : raging against the machine (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2007). Chapters 1 and 2.

* Bøås, Morten and Kathleen Jennings, ‘Insecurity and Development: The Rhetoric of the “Failed State”’, European journal of development research., 17:3 (2005), 385 - 395.

* Cerny, Philip, ‘Neomedievalism, Civil War and the New Security Dilemma: Globalisation as a Durable Disorder’, Civil wars., 1: 1 (1998).

* Chandler, David, ‘Review Article: Theorising the shift from security to insecurity—Kaldor, Duffield and Furedi’, Conflict security and development., 8:2 (2008), 265-276.

* Denney, Lisa, 'Reducing poverty with teargas and batons: The security-development nexus in Sierra Leone', African affairs. 110, 439 (2011, pp. 275-294.

* Duffield, Mark, ‘Post-Modern Conflict: Warlords, Post-Adjustment States and Private Protection, Civil Wars., 1: 1 (1998).

* Jentleson, Bruce, ‘The Need for Praxis: Bringing Policy Relevance Back in’, International security. 26: 4 (2002), 169-183.

* Kaldor, Mary, New and Old Wars (Cambridge: Polity, 2001). Chapter 3.

* Kalyvas, Stathis, ‘ “New” and “Old” Civil Wars: A Valid Distinction? ’, World politics. 54:1 (2001), 99-118. http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/world_politics/v054/54.1kalyvas.html

Kaplan, Robert, ‘The coming anarchy: How scarcity, crime, overpopulation, tribalism, and disease are rapidly destroying the social fabric of our planet’, The Atlantic monthly., February 1994. http://www.TheAtlantic.com/atlantic/election/connection/foreign/anarcf.htm.

Keen, David, ‘War and Peace: What’s the Difference’, International peacekeeping., 7: 4 (2000).

Goodhand, Jonathan, and David Hulme, ‘From Wars to Complex Political Emergencies: Understanding Conflict and Peace-building in the New World Disorder’, Third world quarterly., 20: 1 (1999).

Mueller, John, ‘The Banality of “Ethnic War”’, International security., 25: 1 (Summer 2000).

* Richards, Paul, ed, No peace, no war : an anthropology of contemporary armed conflicts (Oxford: James Currey, 2005), 1-21.

* de Sardan, Jean-Pierre Olivier, Anthropology and development : understanding contemporary social change (London: Zed Books, 2006). Introduction.

Thomas, Caroline, ‘Global Governance, Development and Human Security: Exploring the Links’, Third world quarterly., 22: 2 (2001).

* White, Mark, 'The Security-development Nexus in Sierra Leone', in Peter Albrecht and Paul Jackson (eds), Security sector reform in Sierra Leone 1997-2007 : views from the front line : (Berlin, Lit Verlag, 2010), pp. 71-92. http://www.dcaf.ch/Publications/Publication-Detail/?id=126703

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Week Three

Lecture Topic: Global Governance Seminar Topic:

Debate: Is global governance desirable?

Reading

Abrahamsen, Rita, Disciplining democracy : development discourse and good governance in Africa (London: Zed, 2000).

* Barnett, Michael and Raymond Duvall, Power in global governance (Cambridge: CUP, 2005). For excerpt see http://www.cambridge.org/catalogue/catalogue.asp? isbn=0521549523&ss=exc

Baylis, John, and Steve Smith (eds.) The Globalization of World Politics: An Introduction to International Relations (Oxford: OUP, any edition), chapter 1.

Beswick, Danielle and Paul Jackson, Conflict, security and development : an introduction (London: Routledge, 2011).

Dingwerth, K. & Pattberg, P., ‘Global Governance as a Perspective on World Politics’, Global governance : a review of multilateralism and international organizations. 12:2 (2006), pp. 185-203.

* Duffield, Mark, Global governance and the new wars : the merging of development and security (London: Zed Books, 2001).

* Finkelstein, Lawrence, ‘What Is Global Governance? ’ Global Governance, 1: 3 (1995).

Gordenker, Leon, and Thomas Weiss (eds.) NGOs, the UN, and global governance (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1996).

* Gordenker, Leon, and Thomas Weiss, ‘Pluralising Global Governance: Analytical Approaches and Dimensions’, Third world quarterly. 16: 3 (1995).

* Held, David, and Anthony McGrew, Governing globalization : power, authority, and global governance (Cambridge/Oxford: Polity/Blackwells, 2002).

* Held, David & Anthony McGrew (eds.), A Global Transformations Reader (Cambridge: Polity, 2000).

Krasno, J.E. (ed.), The United Nations : confronting the challenges of a global society (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2004).

Heathershaw, John, ‘Unpacking the Liberal Peace: The Dividing and Merging of Peacebuilding’, Millennium., 36 (2008), 597-621.

Krill C. & Lehmkuhl, D., ‘Private Actors and the State: Internationalization and Changing Patterns of Governance’, Governance., 15 (2002), 141-63.

Lederer, M. & Muller, P.S. (Eds.), Criticizing global governance (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005).

Murphy, C., International organization and industrial change : global governance since 1850 (Polity, Cambridge, 1994).

Reinicke, W., Global public policy : governing without government? (Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 1998).

* Rittberger, V., Global governance and the United Nations system (New York: United Nations University Press, 2001)

Scholte, Jan Aart, Globalization: A critical introduction 2nd edn (London: Palgrave, 2005).

Sinclair, T.J., (Ed.), Global governance : critical concepts in political science (London: Routledge, 2004).

Weiss, L., ‘Globalization and National Governance: Antinomy or Interdependence? ’ Review of international studies., 25 (1999), pp 59-88.

* Weiss, Thomas, 'What Happened to the Idea of World Government?', International studies quarterly., 53 (2009), 253-271.

* Wilkinson, R., The global governance reader (London: Routledge, 2005).

Zuern, M., ‘From Interdependence to Globalisation,’ in Carlsnaes, W.,Risse, T. & Simmons B.A. (Eds.), Handbook of international relations (Sage, London, 2002).

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Week Four

Lecture Topic: Change 1: Sovereignty, Intervention and International Society

Seminar Topic:

1. What is ‘human security’ and why does it matter?

2. Is the 'Responsibility to Protect' mandate meaningless?

3. Is the UN capable of mitigating conflict?

Reading

* Berdal. Mats, ‘The UN’s Unnecessary Crisis’, Survival., 47: 3 (2005), 7-32.

Bhatia, Michael, War and intervention : issues for contemporary peace operations (Bloomfield, CT: Kumarian Press, 2003).

Dowty, Alan, and Gil Loescher, ‘Refugee Flows as Grounds for International Action’, International security., 21:1 (Summer 1996).

Crawford, Timothy, and Alan Kuperman (eds.), ‘Special issue: Debating the hazards of intervention’, Ethnopolitics 4: 2 (2005).

Duffield, Mark, Joanna Macrae and Devon Curtis, ‘Editorial: Politics and Humanitarian Aid’, Disasters., 25: 4 (2001).

Edwards, Michael, and John Gaventa (eds.), Global citizen action (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2001).

* Evans, Gareth, ‘When is it right to fight? ’, Survival. 46: 3 (2004).

* Hampson, Fen Osler, and David M. Malone, ‘Improving the UN’s Capacity for Conflict Prevention’, International peacekeeping., 9:1 (2002).

Hill, Chris, ‘The EU’s Capacity for Conflict Prevention’, European foreign affairs review., 6 (2001).

Higate, Paul and Marsha Henry, Insecure spaces : peacekeeping, power and performance in Haiti, Kosovo and Liberia

* Holt, Victoria and Tobias Berkman, The impossible mandate? : military preparedness, the responsibility to protect and modern peace operations (Washington, DC: Henry Stimson Center, 2007). http://www.stimson.org/pub.cfm? id=346

Macfarlane, Neil and Yuen Foong Khong, Human security and the UN : a critical history (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 2006).

Miall, Hugh, Oliver Ramsbotham and Tom Woodhouse, Contemporary Conflict Resolution (Cambridge: Polity Press, 1999).

Merlingen, Michael, and Rasa Ostrauskaite, European Union peacebuilding and policing : governance and the European security and defence policy (London: Routledge, 2006).

Miskel, James, and Richard Norton, ‘The Intervention in the Democratic Republic of Congo’, Civil wars., 6: 4 (2003).

Moore, Jonathon, (ed.), Hard choices : moral dilemmas in humanitarian intervention (Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield, 1998).

* Paris, Roland, 'International peacebuilding and the "mission civilisatrice"’, Review of international studies. 28 (2002), 637-656.

Pentitilä, Risto, The role of the G8 in international peace and security Adelphi Paper 355 (Oxford: OUP for IISS, 2002).

Pouligny, Beatrice, Peace operations seen from below : UN missions and local people (London: Hurst, 2006).

Roberts, Adam, ‘NATO’s ‘Humanitarian War’ over Kosovo’, Survival. 41:3 (1999).

Stedman, S., ‘Alchemy for a New World Order: Overselling “Preventative Diplomacy”, Foreign affairs., 74 (May/June 1995).

* Wheeler, Nicholas, Saving Strangers: Humanitarian Intervention in International Society (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000).

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Week Five

Lecture Topic: Change 2: Human Rights and New Humanitarianism

Seminar Topics:

1. Are NGOs key actors during and after conflict?

2. What are the moral dilemmas confronting NGOs?

3. When do NGOs make matters worse?

Reading

* Anderson, Mary, ‘“You Save my Life Today, But What for Tomorrow? ” Some Moral Dilemmas of Humanitarian Aid’, in Jonathon Moore (ed.), Hard choices : moral dilemmas in humanitarian intervention (Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield, 1998).

Ahmed, Ismail and Reginald Green, ‘The Heritage of War and State Collapse in Somalia and Somaliland: Local Level Effects, External Interventions and Reconstruction’, Third world quarterly., 20: 1 (1999).

Allin, Dana, NATO's Balkan interventions, Adelphi Paper 347 (Oxford: OUP for IISS, 2002).

* Anderson, Mary, Do no harm : how aid can support peace-or war (Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1999).

Anderson, Regine, ‘How Multilateral Development Assistance Triggered the Conflict in Rwanda’, Third world quarterly., 21: 3 (2000).

Auvinen, Juha, and Timo Kivimaki, ‘Somalia: The Struggle for Resources’, in E. Wayne Nafziger et al. War, Hunger and Displacement: The Origins of Humanitarian Emergencies, Vol. 2: Case Studies (Oxford: OUP, 2000).

Brauman, Rony, ‘Refugee Camps, Population Transfers and NGOs’ in Jonathon Moore (ed.), Hard choices : moral dilemmas in humanitarian intervention (Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield, 1998).

Chesterman, Simon, (ed.), Civilians in war (Bolder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2001).

de Waal, Alex, Famine crimes : politics and the disaster relief industry in Africa (Oxford: James Currey with Indiana University Press, 1997).

Duffield, Mark, Global governance and the new wars : the merging of development and security (London: Zed Books, 2001).

* Eaton, Dave, ‘The Business of Peace: Raiding and Peace Work along the Kenya-Uganda Border’, Part 1 and Part II. African affairs. 107: 426 and 107: 427 (2008).

Edwards, Michael, and John Gaventa (eds.), Global citizen action (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2001).

Hettne, Björn and Fredrik Söderbaum, ‘Intervening in Complex Humanitarian Emergencies: The Role of Regional Cooperation’, European journal of development research., 17:3 (2005), 449-461.

Hoffman, Danny, ‘The civilian target in Sierra Leone and Liberia: Political power, military strategy and humanitarian intervention’, African affairs. 103: 411 (2004), 211-226.

James, Eric, ‘Media, genocide and international response: another look at Rwanda’, Small wars and insurgencies, 19:1 (2008), 89 — 115.

Kumar, Krishna (ed.), Rebuilding societies after civil war : critical roles for international assistance (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1997).

Macrae, Joanna, ‘The Death of Humanitarianism? An Anatomy of the Attack’, Disasters., 22: 4 (1998).

Macrea, Joanna, ‘Coherence or cooperation? Europe and the new humanitarianism’ (2002), http://www.bond.org.uk/pubs/eu/newhuman.pdf

Ramsbotham, Oliver and Tom Woodhouse, Humanitarian intervention in contemporary conflict : a reconceptualization (Polity Press, Oxford, 1996).

West, Katarina, Agents of altruism : the expansion of humanitarian NGOs in Rwanda and Afghanistan (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001).

Rigby, Andrew, ‘Review Article: Humanitarian Assistance and Conflict Management: the View from the Non-Governmental Sector’, International affairs., 77:4 (2001).

* Wheeler, Nicholas, Saving Strangers: Humanitarian Intervention in International Society (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000).

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Week Six

READING WEEK

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Week Seven

Lecture Topic: Challenging Liberal Orthodoxy: Somalia

Seminar Topics:

1. What is a failed state?

2. Should international organisations get involved in complex emergencies or chronic conflicts like Somalia’s?

3. • Is the 2011 Somali famine a complex emergency?

Reading

Beswick, Danielle and Paul Jackson, Conflict, security and development : an introduction (London: Routledge, 2011).

* Bøås, Morten and Kathleen Jennings, ‘Insecurity and Development: The Rhetoric of the “Failed State”’, European journal of development research., 17:3 (2005), 385 - 395.

* Englebert, Pierre and Denis Tull, ‘Postconflict Reconstruction in Africa: Flawed Ideas about Failed States’, International security. 32: 4 (2008), 106–139.

Menkhaus, Ken, Somalia: State Collapse and the Threat of Terrorism, Adelphi Paper 364 (Oxford: OUP), 2004.

* Menkhaus, Ken, ‘Vicious circles and the security development nexus in Somalia’, Conflict security and development. 4: 2 (2004), 149-165.

Mueller, John, ‘The Banality of “Ethnic War”’, International security., 25: 1 (Summer 2000).

Natsios, Andrew, ‘Humanitarian Relief Operations in Somalia: The Economics of Chaos’, in Walter Clarke and Jeffrey Herbst (eds), Learning from Somalia : the lessons of armed humanitarian intervention (Oxford: Westview Press, 1997), 77-95.

Reno, William, Warlord politics and African states (Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1998).

* Richards, Paul, ed, No peace, no war : an anthropology of contemporary armed conflicts (Oxford: James Currey, 2005).

Shearer, David, Private armies and military intervention, Adelphi Paper 316 (Oxford: OUP for the IISS, 1998).

Zartman, William, Collapsed states : the disintegration and restoration of legitimate authority (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1995).

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Week Eight

Lecture topic: Alternative Explanations for Somalia (1) Critical Security Studies

Seminar topics:

1. Are notions such as human security and civil society of analytical or practical value?

2. Why do certain governments and IGOs promote human security?

3. Why is security a contested concept?

Reading

* Ayoob, Mohammed, ‘Defining Security: A Subaltern Realist Perspective’ in Keith Krause and Michael Williams (ed.), Critical security studies : concepts and cases (Minneapolis: University of Minneapolis Press, 1997), 121-146.

* Baldwin, David, ‘The Concept of Security’, Review of international studies., 23: 1 (1997).

* Booth, Ken (ed.), Critical security studies and world politics (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2005). Chapter 2.

* Buzan, Barry, Ole Wæver and Jaap de Wilde, Security : a new framework for analysis (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1998).

* Callaghy, Thomas, ‘Civil Society, Democracy, and Economic Change in Africa: A Dissenting Opinion About Resurgent Societies’ in John W. Harbeson, Donald Rothchild, and Naomi Chazan (eds.) Civil society and the state in Africa (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1994).

Collins, Alan, ed,Contemporary security studies (Oxford: OUP, 2007).

Cornwall, Andrea, and Karen Brock, ‘What do buzzwords do for development policy? a critical look at ‘participation', ‘empowerment' and ‘poverty reduction’, Third world quarterly. 26: 7 (2005), 1043-1060.

* C.A.S.E. Collective, ‘Critical Approaches to Security in Europe: A Networked Manifesto’ Security Dialogue 37: 4 (2006), 443-487.

Conflict security and development. 5: 2 (2005). Special issue on security governance.

Elbe, Stefan, Strategic implications of HIV/AIDS, Adelphi Paper 357 (Oxford: OUP for IISS, 2003).

Hills, Alice, ‘Dissolving boundaries? The Development Marketplace and Military Security’, Contemporary security policy., 24: 3 (2003).

* Howell, Jude, and Jenny Pearce, Civil Society & Development : a critical exploration (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2001).

Jentleson, Bruce, ‘The Need for Praxis: Bringing Policy Relevance Back in’, International security. 26: 4 (2002), 169-183.

Goverde, Henri, et al., Power in contemporary politics : theories, practices, globalizations (London: Sage, 2000).

Huysmans, Jef, Andrew Dobson, and Raia Prokhovnik (eds), The politics of protection : sites of insecurity and political agency (London: Routledge, 2006).

Lewis, Peter, ‘Political Transition and the Dilemma of Civil Society in Africa’, Journal of international affairs., 46: 1 (1992).

Lupsha, Peter, ‘Transnational organized crime versus the nation-state ’, Transnational Organized Crime, 2:1 (Spring 2004).

MacFarlane, Neil, and Yuen Foong Khong, Human security and the UN : a critical history (Bloomington, IN: Indiana, 2007).

Macrae, Rob, and Don Hubert (eds), Human security and the new diplomacy : protecting people, promoting peace (Montreal and London: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2001).

Menkhaus, Ken, Somalia: State Collapse and the Threat of Terrorism, Adelphi Paper 364 (Oxford: OUP), 2004.

Migdal, Joel, Strong societies and weak states : state-society relations and state capabilities in the Third World (Princeton, 1988).

Neack, Laura, Elusive security : states first, people last (Lanham, MD: Rowan & Littlefield, 2007).

Newman, Edward, and Oliver Richmond (ed.), The United Nations and human security (Bassingstoke: Palgrave, 2001).

* Paris, Roland, ‘Human Security: Paradigm Shift or Hot Air? ’, International security., 26: 2 (2002).

Schecter, Darrow, Sovereign states or political communities? : civil society and contemporary politics (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2000).

Schmeidl, Susanne ‘(Human) Security Dilemmas: Long-Term Implications of the Afghan Refugee Crisis’, Third world quarterly., 23: 1 (2002).

* Smith, Steve, ‘The Increasing Insecurity of Security Studies: Conceptualizing Security in the Last Twenty Years’ in Stuart Croft and Terry Terriff, Critical reflections on security and change (London: Frank Cass, 2000), pp. 72-101.

Sheehan, Michael, International security : an analytical survey (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2005).

* Stamnes, Eli, ‘Critical Security Studies and the United Nations Preventive Deployment in Macedonia’, International peacekeeping. 11: 1 (2004), 161-181.

* Williams, Paul, ed., Security studies : an introduction (London: Routledge, 2008). Chapters 5 and 9.

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Week Nine

Lecture Topic: Alternative Explanations for Somalia (2) Political Economy of Conflict — and of Complex Emergencies and Global Governance

Seminar Topics:

1. Is there an economic logic to global governance?

2. When/why is conflict and disorder a political instrument?

3. Why is the greed or grievance debate so influential?

Reading

* Ballentine, Karen, and Jake Sherman (eds) The political economy of armed conflict : beyond greed and grievance (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2003).

Ballentine, Karen and Heiko Nitzschke (eds.) Profiting from peace : managing the resource dimensions of civil war (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2005).

*Bayart, Jean-François, Stephen Ellis and Béatrice Hibou, The criminalization of the state in Africa (Oxford: James Currey, 1999).

Berdal, Mats, and David Keen, ‘Violence and Economic Agendas in Civil Wars’, Millennium., 26: 3 (1998).

* Berdal, Mats, 'Beyond greed and grievance — and not too soon...', Review of international studies. 31 (2005), pp. 687-698.

* Berdal, Mats, and David Malone (eds.), Greed and grievance : economic agendas in civil wars (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2000).

* Bøås, Morten, and Kevin Dunn, African guerrillas : raging against the machine (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2007), 1-38.

* Chabal, Patrick and Jean-Pascal Daloz, Africa works : disorder as political instrument (Oxford: James Currey, 1999).

* Hutchful, Eboe, and Emmanuel K. Aning, ‘The Political Economy of Conflict’, in Adekeye Adebajo and Ismail Rashid (eds.), West Africa's security challenges : building peace in a troubled region (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 2004).

* Keen, David, The economic functions of violence in civil wars, Adelphi Paper 320, (Oxford: OUP for the IISS, 1998).

* Keen, David, Complex emergencies (Cambridge: Polity, 2007)

Kurtz, Christof, ‘Greed, Grievance and Atrocities’, Journal of Intervention and State Building 1: 1 (2007), 132-149.

Merlingen, Michael, and Rasa Ostrauskaite, European Union peacebuilding and policing : governance and the European security and defence policy (London: Routledge, 2006).

* Paris, Roland, 'International peacebuilding and the "mission civilisatrice"’, Review of international studies. 28 (2002), 637-656.

* Reno, William, Warlord politics and African states (Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1998).

Reno, William, ‘Liberia and Sierra Leone: The Competition for Patronage in Resource-Rich Economies’, in E. Wayne Nafziger et al. War, Hunger and Displacement: The Origins of Humanitarian Emergencies, Vol. 2: Case Studies (Oxford: OUP, 2000).

* Richards, Paul, ed, No peace, no war : an anthropology of contemporary armed conflicts (Oxford: James Currey, 2005).

Sörensen, Jens Stilhoff, ‘War as Social Transformation: Wealth, Class, Power and an Illiberal Economy in Serbia,’ Civil wars., 6: 3 (2003).

Suhrke, Astri, Espen Villanger, Susan L. Woodward, ‘Economic aid to post-conflict countries: a methodological critique of Collier and Hoeffler’, Conflict security and development. 5: 3 (2005), 329-361.

Vlassenroet, Koen, and Timothy Raeymaekers, ‘The politics of rebellion and intervention in Ituri: The emergence of a new political complex? African affairs., 103: 412 (2004) 385-412.

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Week Ten

Guest lecturer: Volha Piotukh

Lecture Topic: Alternative Explanations/Examples (3) Afghanistan and the explanatory power of biopolitics.

Seminar Topics:

1. Does foreign aid fund corruption and insecurity?

2. What does Afghanistan tell us about complex emergencies?

3. How can alternative theories add to our understanding? How successful are they in explaining the situation in Afghanistan?

Reading

On Biopolitics and Governmentality:

Barry, A., T. Osborn And N. Rose, (eds.). 1996. Foucault and political reason : liberalism, neo-liberalism, and rationalities of government . London: The University of Chicago Press .

Dean, M. 1999. Governmentality : power and rule in modern society. London: SAGE.

Dean, M. 2007. Governing societies : political perspectives on domestic and international rule. Maidenhead: Open University Press.

Dillon, M. And L. Lobo-Guerrero. 2008. Biopolitics of security in the 21st century: an introduction. Review of international studies., 34, pp. 265-292.

Foucault, M. 1998. The history of sexuality. Vol.1, The will to knowledge Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.

Foucault, M. 2003. Society must be defended : lectures at the Collège de France, 1975-76 London: Penguin Books.

Foucault, M. 2007. Security, territory, population : lectures at the Collège de France, 1977-1978 . Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Foucault, M. 2008. The birth of biopolitics : lectures at the Collège de France, 1978-79 : Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Lemke, T. 2001. ‘The birth of bio-politics’: Michel Foucault’s lecture at the Coll è ge de France on neo-liberal governmentality. Economy and society., 30(2), pp. 190-207.

Lemke, T. 2007. Biopolitics: an introduction [online]. [Accessed 5 November 2008]. Available from World Wide Web: http://www.thomaslemkeweb.de/engl.%20texte/Introductionfinal.pdf

Rose, N. 2006. Politics of life itself : biomedicine, power and subjectivity in the twenty-first century. Oxford: Princeton University Press.

On Afghanistan:

TBC

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Week Eleven

Lecture Topic: Alternative Explanations (4) Universalising Tendencies

Seminar Topic:

1. Are security and development mutually dependent?

2. Has the ‘war on terror’ changed our understanding of the balance between security and development?

3. What are the most significant trends in contemporary insecurity?

Reading

Beswick, Danielle and Paul Jackson, Conflict, security and development : an introduction (London: Routledge, 2011).

Bastian, Sunil and Robin Luckham (eds), Can democracy be designed? : the politics of institutional choice in conflict-torn societies (London: Zed, 2003).

Bayley, David, Changing the guard : developing democratic police abroad (Oxford: OUP, 2006).

* Bermeo, Nancy, ‘What the Democratization Literature Says – or Doesn’t Say – About Postwar Democratization’, Global Governance, 9 (2003), 159-177.

Bourdieu, Pierre Pascalian meditations (Cambridge: Polity, 2008).

Brzoska, Michael, Development donors and the concept of security sector reform Occasional Paper No. 4 (Geneva Centre for Democratic Control of the Armed Forces, 2003). http://www.dcaf.ch/_docs/op04_development-donors.pdf

Cawthra, Gavin, and Robin Luckham (eds.), Governing insecurity : democratic control of military and security establishments in transitional democracies (London: Zed Books, 2003).

* Chandler, David, ‘Review Article: Theorising the shift from security to insecurity—Kaldor, Duffield and Furedi’, Conflict security and development., 8:2 (2008), 265-276.

Dam, Kenneth, The law-growth nexus : the rule of law and economic development (Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution, 2006).

* Denney, Lisa, 'Reducing poverty with teargas and batons: The security-development nexus in Sierra Leone', African affairs. 110, 439 (2011, pp. 275-294.

DFID, Why we need to work more effectively in fragile states (London: DFID, 2005). http://www.dfid.gov.uk/pubs/files/fragilestates-paper.pdf

* Donnelly, Jack, ‘The Relative Universality of Human Rights’, Human rights quarterly., 29: (2007), 281-306.

* Duffield, Mark, Global governance and the new wars : the merging of development and security (London: Zed Books, 2001).

* Duffield, Mark, Development, security and unending war : governing the world of peoples (Cambridge: Polity, 2007).

Hills, Alice, ‘The possibility of transnational policing’, Policing & society. 19: 3 (2009), 1-14.

Kaarsholm, Preben (ed), Violence, political culture & development in Africa (Oxford: James Currey, 2006).

* Menkhaus, Ken, ‘Vicious circles and the security development nexus in Somalia’, Conflict security and development. 4: 2 (2004), 149-165.

McCartney, Clem, Martina Fischer and Oliver Wils (eds) Security sector reform : potentials and challenges for conflict transformation (Berghof Research Centre, 2004). http://www.berghof-handbook.net/articles/ssr_complete.pdf

Neild, Rachel, ‘Democratic Police Reforms in War-Torn States’, Conflict security and development., 1:1 (2001).

Patman, Robert, (Ed). Globalization and conflict : national security in a 'new' strategic era (Routledge, 2006).

* Pugh, Mike, ‘Peacebuilding as Developmentalism: Concepts from Disaster Research’, Contemporary security policy., 16: 3 (1995).

* Smith, Chris, ‘Security-Sector Reform: Development Breakthrough or Institutional Engineering? ’, Conflict security and development., 1:1 (2001).

* Waddell, Nicholas, ‘Ties that bind: DfID and the emerging security and development agenda Analysis’, Conflict security and development. 6: 4 (2006), 531 - 555.

This list was last updated on 30/09/2010