Leeds University Library

HIST2301 - Module Reading List

The Rise and Fall of the Soviet Union, 1921-1993, 2011/12, Semester 1
Dr James Harris
j.r.harris@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Question One

To what extent do you agree with Martin Malia that the Soviet system was doomed from the beginning?

M. Malia, The Soviet tragedy : a history of socialism in Russia, 1917-1991 (1994)

M. Malia (“Z”) “To the Stalin Mausoleum” in A. Dallin and G. Lapidus (eds) The Soviet system : from crisis to collapse (1995)

Alexander Dallin, “Causes of the Collapse of the USSR” Post-Soviet affairs. v. 8 #4 (1992) pp. 279-301, and in Alexander Dallin and Gail Lapidus eds., The Soviet system : from crisis to collapse (1995) EBL Ref

S. Kotkin, "1991 and the Russian Revolution: Sources, Conceptual Categories, Analytical Frameworks", The Journal of modern history., 70/2, 1998 online

R. Pipes, Communism : a history (2001)

R. Pipes, “The Communist System” in A. Dallin and G. Lapidus (eds) The Soviet system : from crisis to collapse (1995)

Marshall Goldman, What went wrong with Perestroika (1991)

R. V. Daniels, The end of the Communist revolution (1993) EBL Ref

Rasma Karklins, “Explaining Regime Change in the Soviet Union” Europe-Asia studies. v. 46 # 1 (1994)

Catherine Merridale and Chris Ward eds., Perestroika : the historical perspective (1991) EBL Ref

Wisla Suraska, How the Soviet Union disappeared : an essay on the causes of dissolution (1998) EBL Ref

Rachel Walker, Six years that shook the world : perestroika - the impossible project (1993) EBL Ref

David Kotz and Fred Weir, Revolution from above : the demise of the Soviet system (1997) EBL Ref

Stephen White, Communism and its collapse (2001) EBL Ref

Peter Boettke, Why perestroika failed : the politics and economics of socialist transformation (1993)

Richard Pipes, “The Communist System” in Alexander Dallin and Gail Lapidus eds., The Soviet system : from crisis to collapse (1995) EBL Ref

Philip Roeder, Red sunset : the failure of Soviet politics (1993) EBL Ref

M. Cox (ed), Rethinking the Soviet collapse : sovietology, the death of communism and the new Russia (1998)

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Question Two

Did Stalin betray the ideals of the October Revolution?

Leon Trotsky, The revolution betrayed : what is the Soviet Union and where is it going? (1972 reprinted from 1936) EBL

Nicholas Timasheff, The great retreat : the growth and decline of Communism in Russia. (1972 reprinted from 1946) HDC

S. Cohen, Rethinking the Soviet experience : politics and history since 1917 (1985) ch. 2 “Bolshevism and Stalinism”

Erik Van Ree, The political thought of Joseph Stalin : a study in 20th century revolutionary patriotism (2002)

M. Lewin The making of the Soviet system : essays in the social history of interwar Russia (1985) EBL ch. 11 “The Social Background of Stalinism” Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE; ch. 9 “State, Society and Ideology During the First Five Year Plan”

Sheila Fitzpatrick, “The Civil War as a Formative Experience” in Abbott Gleason et al. eds., Bolshevik culture : experiment and order in the Russian Revolution (1985) Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

T. Von Laue, Why Lenin? Why Stalin? : A reappraisal of the Russian Revolution, 1900-1930 (1971) EBL

Isaac Deutscher, Stalin : a political biography (1949) ch. 7 “The General Secretary” Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Leonard Schapiro, The origin of the Communist autocracy : political opposition in the Soviet State : first phase, 1917-1922 (1955) ch. 18 “Leninism Triumphant” Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Stephen Kotkin, Magnetic mountain : Stalinism as a civilization (1995) esp introduction

E. Carr, The Russian revolution : from Lenin to Stalin (1917-1929) (1979)

R. Tucker (ed.), Stalinism : essays in historical interpretation (1977)

G. Boffa, The Stalin phenomenon (1992)

Terry Martin, “Modernisation or Neo-traditionalism” in Sheila Fitzpatrick ed., Stalinism : new directions (2000)

David Brandenberger and A. M. Dubrovskii, "The People Need a Tsar": the Emergence of National Bolshevism as Stalinist Ideology, 1931-1941" Europe-Asia studies. v. 50 #5 (1998)

Julie Hessler, “Cultured Trade: The Stalinist Turn towards Consumerism” in Sheila. Fitzpatrick ed., Stalinism : new directions (2000)

W. Goldman, Women, the state and revolution : Soviet family policy and social life, 1917-1936 (1993) chs. 7-8

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Question Three

Do you agree with Stephen Cohen that NEP was a viable alternative to Stalinism?

Stephen F. Cohen, Rethinking the Soviet experience : politics and history since 1917 (1985) ch. 3

E. Carr and R. W. Davies, Foundations of a planned economy, 1926-1929. (1969)

E. Carr, The Russian revolution : from Lenin to Stalin (1917-1929) (1979) EBL

M. Lewin, Lenin's last struggle (1968)

I. Deutscher, The prophet unarmed : Trotsky, 1921-1929 (1959) EBL

R. Day, Leon Trotsky and the politics of economic isolation (1973)

S. Cohen, Bukharin and the Bolshevik Revolution : a political biography, 1888-1938 (1973) EBL

V. Brovkin, Russia after Lenin : politics, culture and society, 1921-1929. (1998) EBL

R. Tucker, Stalin as revolutionary, 1879-1929 : a study in history and personality (1973) EBL

A. Erlich, The Soviet industrialization debate, 1924-1928. (1960)

S. Fitzpatrick, The Russian Revolution (1994) EBL

L. Siegelbaum, Soviet state and society between revolutions, 1918-1929 (1992) EBL

R. Pethybridge, One step backwards, two steps forward : Soviet society and politics in the New Economic Policy (1990) EBL

C. Merridale, Moscow politics and the rise of Stalin : the Communist Party in the capital, 1925-32 (1990)

G. Gill, The origins of the Stalinist political system (1990)

A. Nove, The Stalin phenomenon (1992) EBL

M. Lewin, The making of the Soviet system : essays in the social history of interwar Russia (1985) EBL

S. Cohen, Rethinking the Soviet experience : politics and history since 1917 (1985), chs 2 and 3

Sheila Fitzpatrick, “The Civil War as a Formative Experience” in Abbott Gleason et al. eds., Bolshevik culture : experiment and order in the Russian Revolution (1985) Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

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Question Four

To what extent was Stalin’s ‘revolution from above’ (1928-1931) necessitated by the international situation?

Michal Reiman, The birth of Stalinism : the USSR on the eve of the "second revolution" (1987) EBL

David Stone, Hammer and rifle : the militarization of the Soviet Union, 1926-1933 (2000) EBL

Lennert Samuelson, Plans for Stalin's war machine : Tukhachevskii and military economic planning, 1925-1941 (2000)

J. Hughes, Stalin, Siberia and the crisis of the New Economic Policy (1991)

A. Nove and J. Millar, 'A Debate on Collectivisation: Was Stalin Really Necessary? ', Problems of Communism., 25/4 (1976), also in Ward Stalinist Dictatorship (1998) EBL

L. Viola, The best sons of the fatherland : workers in the vanguard of Soviet collectivization (1987)

J. Harris, The Great Urals : regionalism and the evolution of the Soviet system (1999) ch. 3.

I. Deutscher, Stalin : a political biography (1967)

R. McNeal, Stalin : man and ruler (1988)

R. Tucker, Stalin in power : the revolution from above, 1928-1941 (1990)

A. Ulam, Stalin : the man and his era (1974)

D. Volkogonov, Stalin : triumph and tragedy (1988)

S. Cohen, Bukharin and the Bolshevik Revolution : a political biography, 1888-1938 (1973) esp ch. 8 “the crises of moderation”

A. Erlich, The Soviet industrialization debate, 1924-1928. (1960)

S. Fitzpatrick, The Russian Revolution (1994) EBL

L. Siegelbaum, Soviet state and society between revolutions, 1918-1929 (1992)

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Question Five

Do you agree with Robert Conquest that Stalin conducted the Great Terror to perfect his personal dictatorship?

Carl Friedrich and Zbigniew Brzezinski, Totalitarian dictatorship and autocracy (1956) EBL HDC

Barrington Moore, Terror and progress, USSR : some sources of change and stability in the Soviet dictatorship (1954)

G. Boffa, The Stalin phenomenon (1992)

Arch Getty, “Afraid of their Shadows,” in Manfred Hildermeier and Elisabeth Muller-Luckner eds., Stalinismus vor dem Zweiten Weltkrieg : neue Wege der Forschung (1998)

N. Lampert and G. Rittersporn (eds), Stalinism : its nature and aftermath : essays in honour of Moshe Lewin (1992)

M. Lewin, The making of the Soviet system : essays in the social history of interwar Russia (1985) EBL

A. Nove (ed.), The Stalin phenomenon (1993) EBL

R. Tucker (ed.), Stalinism : essays in historical interpretation (1977)

I. Deutscher, Stalin : a political biography (1967)

R. McNeal, Stalin : man and ruler (1988)

R. Tucker, Stalin in power : the revolution from above, 1928-1941 (1990) EBL

A. Ulam, Stalin : the man and his era (1974)

D. Volkogonov, Stalin : triumph and tragedy (1988) EBL

Slavic review., 45/2, 1986 (discussion between Thurston and Conquest)

O. Khlevniuk, ‘The Objectives of the Great Terror, 1937-38’, in M. Perrie et al (eds), Soviet history, 1917-53 : essays in honour of R.W. Davies (1995)

Z. Brzezinski, The permanent purge : politics in Soviet totalitarianism (1958)

T. Martin, “The Origins of Soviet Ethnic Cleansing” The Journal of modern history. v. 70 #4 1998 online

R. Conquest, The Great Terror : a reassessment, (1990) EBL

J. Arch Getty, Origins of the great purges : the Soviet Communist Party reconsidered 1933-1938 (1985) EBL

J. Arch Getty and R Manning (eds.) Stalinist terror : new perspectives (1993) EBL

J. Arch Getty and V Naumov, The road to terror : Stalin and the self-destruction of the Bolsheviks, 1932-1939 (1999)

A. Knight, Beria : Stalin's first lieutenant (1993)

R. Medvedev, Let history judge : the origins and consequences of Stalinism (1973) EBL

G. Rittersporn, Stalinist simplifications and Soviet complications : social tensions and political conflicts in the USSR, 1933-1953 and Political Conflicts in the USSR 1933-1953 (1991)

J. Arch Getty, “Excesses are not Permitted: Mass Terror and Stalinist Governance in the Late 1930s” The Russian review. v. 61 2002 pp. 113-138 online

La Police Politique en Union Sovietique, 1918-1953 a special edition of Cahiers du monde russe et soviétique. v. 42 #2-4 2001 esp. Foreword and articles by Shearer, Harris and Hagenloh (all in English).

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Question Six

How successful were the Stalin regime’s attempts to control the creative intelligentsia?

A. Kemp-Welch, Stalin and the literary intelligentsia, 1928-1939 (1991)

S. Fitzpatrick, The cultural front : power and culture in revolutionary Russia (1992)

H. Gunther (ed), The Culture of the Stalin period (1990)

R. Robin, Socialist realism : an impossible aesthetic (1992)

B. Groys, The total art of Stalinism : avant-garde, aesthetic dictatorship, and beyond (1992) EBL

E. Dobrenko, The making of the state writer : social and aesthetic origins of Soviet literary culture (2002)

D. King, The commissar vanishes : the falsification of photographs and art in Stalin's Russia (1997)

P. Kenez, Cinema and Soviet society, 1917-1953 (1992)

R. Taylor and D. Spring, Stalinism and Soviet cinema (1993)

V. Bonnell, Iconography of power : Soviet political posters under Lenin and Stalin (1997)

J. Brooks, Thank you, comrade Stalin! : Soviet public culture from revolution to Cold War (1999)

R. Stites, Russian popular culture : entertainment and society since 1900 (1990), ch. 2

R. Stites, Revolutionary dreams : utopian vision and experimental life in the Russian Revolution (1989) EBL

D. Elliott, New worlds : Russian art and society 1900-1937 (1986)

J. von Geldern and R. Stites (eds), Mass culture in Soviet Russia : tales, poems, songs, movies, plays, and folklore, 1917-1953 (1995) EBL

M. Cullerne Bown, Art under Stalin (1991) EBL

M. Cullerne Bown, Socialist realist painting (1998)

M. Cullerne Bown and B. Taylor (eds), Art of the Soviets : painting, sculpture and architecture in a one-party state, 1917-1992 (1993)

H. Hudson, Blueprints and blood : the Stalinization of Soviet architecture, 1917-1937 (1994)

V. Shentalinsky, The KGB's literary archive (1995)

D. Ades et al. (eds), Art and power : Europe under the dictators, 1930-45 (1995)

C. Vaughan- James, Soviet socialist realism : origins and theory (1973)

E. Dobrenko and T. Lahusen (eds), Socialist realism without shores (1997)

K. Eaton, Enemies of the people : the destruction of Soviet literary, theater, and film arts in the 1930s (2002)

G. Struve, Russian literature under Lenin and Stalin, 1917-1953 (1971)

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Question Seven

How much was Soviet victory in the Great Patriotic War due to economic strength?

Lennert Samuelson, Plans for Stalin's war machine : Tukhachevskii and military economic planning, 1925-1941 (2000)

Mark Harrison, “The USSR and Total War: Why Didn’t the Soviet Economy Collapse in 1942” (draft) http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/economics/staff/faculty/harrison/papers/totalwar.pdf

Mark Harrison and John Barber, “Patriotic War, 1941 to 1945” http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/economics/staff/faculty/harrison/papers/patriotic war.pdf (link broken)

John Barber and Mark Harrison, The Soviet home front, 1941-1945 : a social and economic history of the USSR in World War II (1991) EBL

R. W. Davies, Mark Harrison and S. G. Wheatcroft eds., The economic transformation of the Soviet Union, 1913-1945 (1994) EBL HDC

Robert Thurston, Life and terror in Stalin's Russia, 1934-1941 (1996)

Alec Nove, An economic history of the USSR : 1917-1991 (various editions) EBL HDC

R. W. Davies, Soviet economic development from Lenin to Khrushchev (1998) HDC

R. Overy, Russia's war (1997) EBL

A. Beevor, Stalingrad (1999)

J. Erickson, The road to Stalingrad (various editions) EBL

J. Erickson, The road to Berlin (1983)

A. Werth, Russia at war, 1941-1945. (1964)

A. Dallin, German rule in Russia, 1941-1945 : a study in occupation politics (1957)

M. Harrison, Soviet planning in peace and war 1938-1945 (1985) EBL

M. Harrison, Accounting for war : Soviet production, employment, and the defence burden, 1940-1945 (1996)

P. Rutland, The myth of the plan : lessons of Soviet planning experience (1985) EBL

Holland Hunter, Faulty foundations : Soviet economic policies, 1928-1940 (1992)

B. Bonwetsch ‘Stalin, the Red Army and the Great Patriotic War’ in I. Kershaw and M. Lewin (eds) Nazism and Stalinism : a suitable case for comparison? (1997) EBL

J. Sapir ‘The Economics of War in the Soviet Union’ in I. Kershaw and M. Lewin (eds) Nazism and Stalinism : a suitable case for comparison? (1997) EBL

W. Moskoff, The bread of affliction : the food supply in the USSR during World War II (1990)

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Question Eight

Explain the turn towards extreme forms of chauvinism and xenophobia in the post-war years.

W Hahn, Postwar Soviet politics : the fall of Zhdanov and the defeat of moderation, 1946-53 (1982)

A. M. Nekrich, The punished peoples : the deportation and fate of Soviet minorities at the end of the Second World War (1978)

Vojtech Mastny, The Cold War and Soviet insecurity : the Stalin years (1996)

J. Otto Pohl, Ethnic cleansing in the USSR, 1937-1949 (1999)

Erik Van Ree, The political thought of Joseph Stalin : a study in 20th century revolutionary patriotism (2002)

S. Linz (ed.), The Impact of World War II on the Soviet Union (1985) EBL

T Dunmore, Soviet politics, 1945-53 (1984)

W McCagg, Stalin embattled, 1943-1948 (1978)

A Knight, Beria : Stalin's first lieutenant (1993)

E. Zubkova, Russia after the war : hopes, illusions, and disappointments, 1945-1957 (1998)

Bejamin Pinkus, The Soviet government and the Jews, 1948-1967 : a documented study, 1948-1967 (1984)

K Boterbloem, Life and death under Stalin : Kalinin Province, 1945-1953 (1999)

A Weiner, Making sense of war : the Second World War and the fate of the Bolshevik Revolution (2001)

M Zezina, 'Crisis in the Union of Soviet Writers in the Early 1950s', Europe-Asia studies., 46/4, 1994, 649-661

A Werth, Russia; the post-war years (1971)

Shimon Redlich, Propaganda and nationalism in wartime Russia : the Jewish Antifascist Committee in the USSR, 1941-1948 (1982)

Roy Medvedev, Let history judge : the origins and consequences of Stalinism (various editions) esp ch. 13 EBL

Bohdan Nahaylo and Victor Swoboda, Soviet disunion : a history of the nationalities problem in the USSR (1990) EBL

Ronald Suny and Terry Martin eds., A state of nations : empire and nation-making in the age of Lenin and Stalin (2001) EBL

Ronald Suny, The revenge of the past : nationalism, revolution, and the collapse of the Soviet Union (1993) EBL

Roy Medvedev, On Stalin and Stalinism (1979) ch. 7

Roger Pethybridge, The history of postwar Russia (1966)

J. L. H. Keep, Last of the empires : a history of the Soviet Union, 1945-1991 (1996)

SUPPLEMENTARY READINGS FOR SEMINARS

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Week 3. Civil War

Richard Pipes, A concise history of the Russian Revolution (1995) ch. 16.

Moshe Lewin, “The Civil War: Dynamics and Legacy” in Diane Koenker, William Rosenberg and Ronald Suny eds., Party, state, and society in the Russian Civil War : explorations in social history (1989)

Leonard Schapiro, 1917 : the Russian revolutions and the origins of present-day Communism (1984) esp. Epilogue.

Richard Pipes, The Russian Revolution 1899-1919 (1992) esp ch.18 The Red Terror.

Sheila Fitzpatrick, “The Legacy of the Civil War” in Diane Koenker, William Rosenberg and Ronald Suny eds., Party, state, and society in the Russian Civil War : explorations in social history (1989).

Christopher Read, From Tsar to Soviets : the Russian people and their revolution, 1917-21 (1996) chs. 10-13.

Peter Holquist, Making war, forging revolution : Russia's continuum of crisis, 1914-1921 (2002) esp. Conclusion.

Lewis Siegelbaum, Soviet state and society between revolutions, 1918-1929 (1992) chs. 1-2.

Ronald Kowalski, The Russian Revolution : 1917-1921 (1997) ch 16.

James White, The Russian Revolution, 1917-1921 : a short history (1994) chs. 10-13.

R. V. Daniels, The rise and fall of Communism in Russia (2007) Part II esp. chs. 10-12.

David Mandel, The Petrograd workers and the Soviet seizure of power : from the July Days 1917 to July 1918 (1984) esp. chs. 10-13.

Kevin Murphy, Revolution and Counter-Revolution: Class Struggle in a Moscow Metal Factory (2005) esp. ch. 2.

R. Suny, ‘Revision and Retreat in the Historiography of 1917: Social History and its Critics’, The Russian review. 53, no. 2 (April 1994), 165-82

O. Figes, A people's tragedy : the Russian Revolution, 1891-1924 (1997) EBL

D. J. Raleigh, ‘Languages of Power: How the Saratov Bolsheviks Imagined their Enemies’ Slavic review., 57/2, 1998 online

O. Figes, Peasant Russia, civil war : the Volga countryside in revolution (1917-1921) 1 (1989)

E. Mawdsley, The Russian Civil War (1987) EBL

I. Getzler, Kronstadt 1917-1921 : the fate of a Soviet democracy (1983)

J. Bradley, Civil war in Russia, 1917-1920 (1975)

D. Footman, Civil war in Russia (1961)

W. Rosenberg, ‘Russian Labor and Bolshevik Power after October’ Slavic review., 1985 (and following discussion )

S. Fitzpatrick, The Russian Revolution : 1917-1932 (1982) EBL

R. Service, The Russian Revolution 1900-1927 (1999)

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Week 4. The Economy

The Economy from Stalin to Gorbachev

Moshe Lewin, The Gorbachev phenomenon : a historical interpretation. (1988) esp. chs. 1-7. EBL Ref Chapter 1 Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Robert Service, A history of twentieth-century Russia (1997) ch. 20 “Developed Socialism” EBL Ref Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Robert Tucker, Political culture and leadership in Soviet Russia : from Lenin to Gorbachev (1987) ch. 6 “Swollen State, Spent Society: Stalin’s Legacy to Brezhnev’s Russia” pp. 108-139. EBL Ref Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Stephen F. Cohen, “The Friends and Foes of Change: Reformism and Conservativism in the Soviet Union” in Stephen F. Cohen, Alexander Rabinowitch and Robert Sharlet eds., The Soviet Union since Stalin (1980) EBL Ref and in Stephen F. Cohen, Rethinking the Soviet experience : politics and history since 1917 (1985)

Arthur W. Wright, “Soviet Economic Planning and Performance” in Stephen F. Cohen, Alexander Rabinowitch and Robert Sharlet eds., The Soviet Union since Stalin (1980) EBL Ref Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Ed A. Hewett, “Is Soviet Socialism Reformable? ” in Alexander Dallin and Gail Lapidus eds., The Soviet system : from crisis to collapse (1995) EBL Ref

Alec Nove, An economic history of the USSR : 1917-1991 (1992) EBL Ref

Alec Nove, The Soviet economic system (1986) EBL HDC

Alec Nove, Political economy and Soviet socialism (1979) EBL Ref

Stephen Whitefield, Industrial power and the Soviet state (1993)

Holland Hunter and Janusz M. Szyrmer, Faulty foundations : Soviet economic policies, 1928-1940 (1992)

Joseph Berliner, Soviet industry from Stalin to Gorbachev : essays on management and innovation (1988)

George W. Breslauer, “Soviet Economic Reforms since Stalin: Ideology, Politics and Learning” Soviet economy. v. 6 #3 (1990) pp. 252-280. Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Stephen Kotkin, Armageddon averted : the Soviet collapse, 1970-2000 (2001)

Seweryn Bialer, The Soviet paradox : external expansion, internal decline (1986) EBL Ref

Peter Rutland, The politics of economic stagnation in the Soviet Union : the role of local party organs in economic management (1993) EBL Ref

Alan H. Smith, “Soviet Economic Prospects: Can the Soviet Economic System Survive? ” in Martin McCauley ed., The Soviet Union after Brezhnev (1983) pp. 62-81 EBL Ref

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Week 5. Nationalism

Nationalities Policy from Lenin to Brezhnev

Ronald Grigor Suny, The revenge of the past : nationalism, revolution, and the collapse of the Soviet Union (1993) EBL Ref

________________, “State, Civil Society and Ethnic Cultural Consolidation in the USSR: The Roots of the National Question” in Gail Lapidus and Victor Zaslavsky eds., From union to commonwealth : nationalism and separatism in the Soviet republics (1992) and in Alexander Dallin and Gail Lapidus eds., The Soviet system : from crisis to collapse (1995) EBL Ref

Yuri Slezkine, “The USSR as a Communal Apartment, or How a Socialist State Promoted Ethnic Particularism” in Slavic review. v. 53 #3 (1994) and in Sheila Fitzpatrick ed., Stalinism : new directions (2000) EBL HDC

Terry Martin, The affirmative action empire : nations and nationalism in the Soviet Union, 1923-1939 (2001)

__________, “Modernization of Neotraditionalism? Ascribed Nationality and Soviet Primordialism” in Sheila Fitzpatrick ed., Stalinism : new directions (2000) EBL HDC

Peter Blitstein, “Nation-building or Russification? Obligatory Russian Instructioj in the Soviet Non-Russian School, 1938-1953” in Ronald Grigor Suny and Terry Martin eds., A state of nations : empire and nation-making in the age of Lenin and Stalin (2001) Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Francine Hirsch, “Toward an Empire of Nations: Border Making and the Formation of Soviet National Identities” The Russian review. v. 15 #2 (2000) available online

J Dunlop, The rise of Russia and the fall of the Soviet empire (1993)

Nationalities Policy under Gorbachev

(This list is useful for those of you who want to return to this theme for seminars on Gorbachev and the collapse)

Alexander Motyl, The post-Soviet nations : perspectives on the demise of the USSR (1992) EBL Ref

Gail Lapidus, “From Democratization to Disintegration: the Impact of Perestroika on the National Question” in Gail Lapidus and Victor Zaslavsky eds., From union to commonwealth : nationalism and separatism in the Soviet republics (1992) EBL HDC

Victor Zaslavsky, “The Evolution of Separatism in Soviet Society under Gorbachev” in Gail Lapidus and Victor Zaslavsky eds., From union to commonwealth : nationalism and separatism in the Soviet republics (1992) EBL HDC

Miron Rezun ed., Nationalism and the breakup of an empire : Russia and its periphery (1992) EBL Ref

Yitzhak Brudny, Reinventing Russia : Russian nationalism and the Soviet state, 1953-1991 (1998)

Mark Beissinger, Nationalist mobilization and the collapse of the Soviet State (2002)

Rachel Denber, The Soviet nationality reader : the disintegration in context (1992) EBL Ref

Stephen White, Gorbachev and after (1992) ch. 5 “The Soviet Multinational State” EBL Ref

Archie Brown, The Gorbachev factor (1996) ch. 8 “The National Question, the Coup and the Collapse of the Soviet Union” EBL Ref

Victor Zaslavsky, “Success and Collapse: Traditional Soviet Nationality Policy” in Ian Bremmer and Ray Taras, Nation and politics in the Soviet successor states (1993) EBL Ref Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Rogers Brubaker, “Nationhood and the National Question in the Soviet Union and Post-Soviet Eurasia” Theory and society. v. 23 #1 (1994)

Gail Lapidus, “Gorbachev’s Nationalities Problem” Foreign affairs. (Fall, 1989) pp. 92-108.

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Dissent/Disillusionment: from Stalin to Brezhnev

Alex Inkeles, The Soviet citizen : daily life in a totalitarian society (1959)

James R. Millar, Politics, work, and daily life in the USSR : a survey of former Soviet citizens (1987)

V. Dunham, In Stalin's time : middleclass values in Soviet fiction (1976)

Stephen Kotkin, Magnetic mountain : Stalinism as a civilization, ch. 6 “Bread and a Circus” EBL Ref

John Bushnell, “The ‘New Soviet Man’ Turns Pessimist” in Stephen F. Cohen, Alexander Rabinowitch and Robert Sharlet eds., The Soviet Union since Stalin (1980) EBL Ref

Dennis O’Hearn, “The Consumer Second Economy: Sizes and Effects” Soviet studies., v. 32 #2 (1980)

G Grossman, “The ‘Second Economy’ of the USSR”, Problems of Communism., v. 26 #5 (1977) pp. 25-41 Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE.

James Millar, “The Little Deal: Brezhnev’s Contribution to Acquisitive Socialism” Slavic review. v.44 # 4 (1985)

Iain Elliot, “Dissent, Opposition and Instability” in Martin McCauley ed., The Soviet Union after Brezhnev (1983) EBL Ref

Donna Bahry, “Society Transformed? Rethinking the Social Roots of Perestroika” Slavic review. v. 52 #3 (1993)

Stephen Kotkin, Armageddon averted : the Soviet collapse, 1970-2000, 1970-2000 (2001) ch. 2

T. H. Rigby, A. Brown, P. Reddaway eds., Authority, power and policy in the USSR : essays dedicated to Leonard Schapiro (1980), chapter by Reddaway EBL Ref

Archie Brown and M. Kaser eds., The Soviet Union since the fall of Khrushchev (1978), chapter by Reddaway EBL Ref

Ted Friedgut, “The Democratic Movement: Dimensions and Perspectives” in Rudolf L. Tokes ed., Dissent in the USSR : politics, ideology, and people (1975) EBL Ref Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Glasnost' and Civil Society

(Useful for Gorbachev and Collapse)

Stephen White, Gorbachev and after (1992) ch. 3 Glasnost’ and Public Life EBL Ref

Stephen Kotkin, Armageddon averted : the Soviet collapse, 1970-2000, 1970-2000 (2001) ch. 7

Richard Sakwa, Gorbachev and his reforms, 1985-1990 (1991) ch. 5 The Independence Movement and Civil Rights EBL Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Geoffrey Hosking, “The Beginnings of Independent Political Activity” in The road to post-Communism : independent political movements in the Soviet Union, 1985-1991 (1992) EBL Ref and in Alexander Dallin and Gail Lapidus eds., The Soviet system : from crisis to collapse (1995) EBL Ref Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Archie Brown, “Political Change in the Soviet Union” World policy journal. (summer 1989) pp. 469-501. Also in Alexander Dallin and Gail Lapidus eds., The Soviet system : from crisis to collapse (1995) EBL Ref

Gail Lapidus, “State and Society: Toward the Emergence of Civil Society in the Soviet Union” in Seweryn Bialer ed., Politics, society and nationality inside Gorbachev's Russia (1989) pp. 121-148 EBL Ref. Also in Alexander Dallin and Gail Lapidus eds., The Soviet system : from crisis to collapse (1995) EBL Ref Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Stephen Fish, “The Emergence of Independent Associations and the Transformation of Russian Political Society” in The journal of communist studies. v. 7 #2 (September 1991) and in Alexander Dallin and Gail Lapidus eds., The Soviet system : from crisis to collapse (1995) EBL Ref

Walter Laqueur, The long road to freedom : Russia and glasnost (1989)

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Week 9. Gorbachev and Perestroika

Archie Brown, The Gorbachev factor (1993) EBL Ref esp. ch. 9 Conclusions pp. 306-18.

John Bushnell, “Making History Out of Current Events: The Gorbachev Era” Slavic review. v. 51 #3 (1992)

George Breslauer, Gorbachev and Yeltsin as leaders (2002) esp. ch. 13 Evaluating Gorbachev as Leader pp. 271-294. Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Stephen White, Gorbachev and after (1992) EBL Ref ch. 7 Gorbachev and the Politics of Perestroika

Mark Galeotti, Gorbachev and his revolution (1997)

Martin McCauley, Gorbachev (1998) EBL Ref

Andrei Grachev, Final days : the inside story of the collapse of the Soviet Union (1995) EBL Ref

Richard Sakwa, Gorbachev and his reforms, 1985-1990 (1990) EBL Ref

John Miller, Mikhail Gorbachev and the end of Soviet power (1993) EBL Ref

Marshall Goldman, What went wrong with Perestroika (1991)

Martin Malia (“Z”), “To the Stalin Mausoleum” Daedalus. (January 1990) pp. 295-344, and in Alexander Dallin and Gail Lapidus eds., The Soviet system : from crisis to collapse (1995) EBL Ref

Alexander Dallin, “Causes of the Collapse of the USSR” Post-Soviet affairs. v. 8 #4 (1992) pp. 279-301, and in Alexander Dallin and Gail Lapidus eds., The Soviet System: From Crisis to Collapse (1995) EBL Ref

Marshall Goldman, What went wrong with Perestroika (1991)

R. V. Daniels, The end of the Communist revolution (1993) EBL Ref

Rasma Karklins, “Explaining Regime Change in the Soviet Union” Europe-Asia studies. v. 46 # 1 (1994)

Catherine Merridale and Chris Ward eds., Perestroika : the historical perspective (1991) EBL Ref

Wisla Suraska, How the Soviet Union disappeared : an essay on the causes of dissolution (1998) EBL Ref

Rachel Walker, Six years that shook the world : perestroika - the impossible project (1993) EBL Ref

David Kotz and Fred Weir, Revolution from above : the demise of the Soviet system (1997) EBL Ref

Stephen White, Communism and its collapse (2001) EBL Ref

Peter Boettke, Why perestroika failed : the politics and economics of socialist transformation (1993)

Richard Pipes, “The Communist System” in Alexander Dallin and Gail Lapidus eds., The Soviet system : from crisis to collapse (1995) EBL Ref

Philip Roeder, Red sunset : the failure of Soviet politics (1993) EBL Ref

M. Cox (ed), Rethinking the Soviet collapse : sovietology, the death of communism and the new Russia (1998)

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General Bibliography

The above bibliographies are far from exhaustive. The Brotherton has an excellent collection on Russian history and many journals with material relevant to the course. The most important of these are Slavic review., The Russian review. and Soviet studies. (renamed Europe-Asia studies. after the fall of the USSR). These are available online via the library computer catalogue. The German Jahrbücher für Geschichte Osteuropas. and the French Cahiers du monde russe et soviétique. also contain articles in English as well as in French and German.

General Texts

(Most of the following eight books are available in paperback. You may want to purchase at least one of them.)

G. Hosking, A history of the Soviet Union (1991)

M. Malia, The Soviet tragedy : a history of socialism in Russia, 1917-1991 (1994)

J. Keep, Last of the empires : a history of the Soviet Union, 1945-1991 (1996)

R. Service, A history of twentieth-century Russia (1997)

R. Suny, The Soviet experiment : Russia, the USSR, and the successor states (1997)

P. Kenez, A history of the Soviet Union from the beginning to the end (1999)

C. Read, The making and breaking of the Soviet system : an interpretation (2001)

D. Marples, Motherland : a philosophical history of Russia (2002)

Society

V. Andrle, A social history of twentieth-century Russia (1994)

Culture

C. Kelly and D. Shepherd (eds), Russian cultural studies : an introduction (1998)

Economy

R. Davies, Soviet economic development from Lenin to Khrushchev (1998)

A. Nove, An economic history of the USSR : 1917-1991 (1991)

R. Davies et al (eds), The economic transformation of the Soviet Union, 1913-1945 (1994)

Politics

M. McAuley, Politics and the Soviet Union (1986)

S. Cohen, Rethinking the Soviet experience : politics and history since 1917 (1985)

L. Schapiro, The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1979)

J. Hough and M. Fainsod, How the Soviet Union is governed (1979)

M. Fainsod, How Russia is ruled (1953)

T. H. Rigby, Communist Party membership in the U.S.S.R., 1917-1967 (1968)

T. H. Rigby, Political elites in the USSR : central leaders and local cadres from Lenin to Gorbachev (1990)

R. Sakwa, Soviet politics in perspective (1999)

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Online Course Readings

Following these links from within the VLE will take you back to the homepage. All of the Online Course Readings for this module are available in the Learning Resources area of the HIST2301 module.

Blitstein, Peter A., (2002) "Nation-building or Russification? Obligatory Russian Instruction in the Soviet Non-Russian School, 1938-1953" from Suny + Terry, A state of nations: empire and nation-making in the age of Lenin and Stalin pp.253-274 Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Breslauer, George W., (1990) "Soviet Economic Reforms since Stalin: Ideology, Politics and Learning" from n/a, Soviet economy pp.252-280 Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Breslauer, George W., (2002) "Evaluating Gorbachev as Leader" from Breslauer, George W., Gorbachev and Yeltsin as leaders pp.271-294 Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Reddaway, Peter, (1975) "The Development of Dissent and Opposition" from Brown, Archie, and Kaser, Michael, The Soviet Union since the fall of Khrushchev pp.121-156 Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Deutscher, Isaac, (1967) "The General Secretary" from Deutscher, Isaac, Stalin: a political biography pp.228-293 Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Fitzpatrick, Sheila, (1985) "The Civil War as a Formative Experience" from Gleason, Abbott et al, Bolshevik culture: experiment and order in the Russian Revolution pp.57-76 Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Friedgut, Theodore, (1975) "The Democratic Movement: Dimensions and Perspectives" from Tökés, Rudolf L., Dissent in the USSR: politics, ideology and people pp.116-136 Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Grossman, Gregory, (1977) "The ‘Second Economy’ of the USSR" from n/a, Problems of communism pp.25-41 Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Hosking, Geoffrey A., (1992) "The beginnings of independent political activity" from Hosking, Geoffrey A. et al, The road to post-Communism: independent political movements in the Soviet Union, 1985-1991 pp.1-28 Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Lapidus, Gail, (1989) "State and Society: Toward the Emergence of Civil Society in the Soviet Union" from Bialer, Seweryn, Politics, society and nationality inside Gorbachev's Russia pp.121-148 Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Lewin, Moshe, (1988) "Chapter 1" from Lewin, Moshe, The Gorbachev phenomenon: a historical interpretation pp.13-29 Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Lewin, Moshe, (1985) "The Social Background of Stalinism" from Lewin, Moshe, The making of the Soviet system: essays in the social history of interwar Russia pp.258-285 Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Sakwa, Richard, (1990) "The Independence Movement and Civil Rights" from Sakwa, Richard, Gorbachev and his reforms, 1985-1990 pp.200-230 Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Schapiro, Leonard, (1955) "Leninism Triumphant" from Schapiro, Leonard, The origin of the Communist autocracy : political opposition in the Soviet State, first phase, 1917-1922 pp.343-361 Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Service, Robert, (1997) "Developed Socialism" from Service, Robert, A history of twentieth-century Russia pp.397-411 Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Ronald Grigor Suny, (1992) "State, Civil Society and Ethnic Cultural Consolidation in the USSR" from Lapidus, Zaslavsky, & Goldman (eds), From union to commonwealth: nationalism and separatism in the Soviet republics pp.22-44 Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Tucker, Robert C., (1987) "Swollen State, Spent Society: Stalin’s Legacy to Brezhnev’s Russia" from Tucker, Robert C., The political culture of Soviet Russia: from Lenin to Gorbachev pp.108-139 Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Wright, Arthur W., (1980) "Soviet Economic Planning and Performance" from Cohen, Stephen F. et al, The Soviet Union since Stalin pp.113-134 Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Zaslavsky, Victor, (1992) "Success and Collapse: Traditional Soviet Nationality Policy" from Bremmer, Ian, and Taras, Ray, Nations and politics in the Soviet successor states pp.29-42 Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

“Z” [Martin Malia], (1995) "To the Stalin Mausoleum" from Dallin, Alexander, and Lapidus, Gail W., The Soviet system: from crisis to collapse pp.649-673 Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Kotkin, Stephen, (2001) "Reviving the Dream" from Kotkin, Stephen, Armageddon Averted: The Soviet Collapse, 1970-2000 pp.31-57 Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

This list was last updated on 22/07/2010