Leeds University Library

EAST3252 - Module Reading List

Modern Japanese History, 2013/14
Dr Kweku Ampiah
k.ampiah@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Background Reading:

Beasley, W G The rise of modern Japan, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, most recent edition

Hunter J E, The emergence of modern Japan : an introductory history since 1853, Longman, 1993.

Carol Gluck, Japan's modern myths : ideology in the late Meiji period, Princeton, 1985

Timpton, Elise K. Modern Japan : a social and political history, London: Routledge, 2002

Totman, Conrad, A history of Japan, Oxford: Blackwell, 2000

Journal References

Many useful articles can be found at:

http://0-uk.jstor.org.wam.leeds.ac.uk/

Right Click on the ‘search’ facility (Open Hyperlink), select your academic field (that is, ‘East Asian Studies’, ‘History’, ‘Politics’ and so forth), and then use key words to find appropriate articles.

Top of page

In addition to the readings below, I strongly recommend that students avail themselves of the Cambridge history of Japan, which is available in the University library.

Top of page

Developing a Sense of Distinctiveness: Nativism and Mito School

Harootunian, H Toward restoration, Jansen, M The Emergence of Meiji Japan, pp: 53-100; Nosco, P ed. Confucianism and Tokugawa Culture, Chpts. 1-2 & Tsunoda, R [et al], (ed.), Sources of Japanese tradition, Vol 1, pp: 35-47; 85-95.

Top of page

Feudalism in Japan

Hall, J. W and Jansen, M. B, Studies in the institutional history of early modern Japan, Chpts. 1-2;

John Whitney Hall, “Feudalism in Japan- A Reassessment” can also be found in Comparative studies in society and history, vol. v. no.1 (October 1962) or on http://www.jstor.org/stable/i209230

Top of page

Modernization and Japan; the West and Japanese Modernity

Jansen, Marius B ed. Changing Japanese attitudes towards modernization, pp. 7-97;

Wray, H and Hilary C. eds. Japan examined : perspectives on modern Japanese history, Chps. 1-2;

Bonnet, A, The idea of the West : culture, politics, and history, chpts 3-5;

Top of page

The Meiji Oligarchy

Sims, R Japanese political history since the Meiji Renovation, 1868-2000;

Ramseyer, J The politics of oligarchy : institutional choice in imperial Japan : read selectively

Top of page

The Modern Emperor

Fujitani, T 'Electronic Pageantry and Japan's "Symbolic Emperor"' in The journal of Asian studies, Vol. 51, No. 4. (Nov., 1992), pp. 824-850;

Gluck, C Japan's modern myths : ideology in the late Meiji period;

Irokawa, D. The culture of the Meiji period, Chpt 8;

Keen, Emperor of Japan : Meiji and his world, 1852-1912, Chpts 11-15.

Top of page

Meiji Imperialism

Beasley, W. G., The rise of modern Japan : Japanese imperialism, 1894-1945.

Myers, R. H and Mark R Peattie, The Japanese colonial empire, 1895-1945.

Iriye, A The origins of the Second World War in Asia and the Pacific (pp140-187).

Top of page

Political Development and Parties Politics

Wakabayashi (ed.) Modern Japanese thought, pp: 147-206;

Najita, T [et al] (eds.) Conflict in modern Japanese history : the neglected tradition, pp: 412-40;

Sims, R Japanese political history since the Meiji Renovation, 1868-2000, pp.123-78.

Bernstein, G, Japanese Marxist, pp: 131-76;

Sims, R Japanese political history since the Meiji Renovation, 1868-2000, pp.123-78;

Stanley T, Osugi Sakae, anarchist in Taisho Japan : the creativity of the ego.

Top of page

Japan and its neighbours / Greater East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere

Perkins, D. , A history of the Monroe doctrine, Chpt.1

Barnhart, M, Japan prepares for total war : the search for economic security, 1919-1941;

Beasley, W, Japanese imperialism, 1894-1945;

Butow, R, Tojo and the coming of the war;

Dower, J War without mercy;

Duus, P. et al (eds) The Japanese wartime empire, 1931-1945;

Myers, R (ed) The Japanese colonial empire, 1895-1945;

Peattie, M. Ishiwara Kanji and Japan's confrontation with the West;

Sims, R Japanese political history since the Meiji Renovation, 1868-2000, pp. 179-236;

Young, L Japan's total empire.

Top of page

The Occupation of Japan

Dower, J. Empire and aftermath : Yoshida Shigeru and the Japanese experience, 1878-1954;

Dower, J. Embracing defeat : Japan in the aftermath of World War II;

Finn, R. Winners in peace : MacArthur, Yoshida, and postwar Japan;

Gordon, Postwar Japan as history (Chapter 1 and 3).

Schaller, M. The American occupation of Japan : the origins of the cold war in Asia.

Ward, R. E., and Sakamoto, Y., Democratizing Japan : the allied occupation, 1989

Top of page

The US-Japan Alliance

Dower, J Empire and aftermath : Yoshida Shigeru and the Japanese experience, 1878-1954, pp: 415-470;

Finn, R Winners in peace : MacArthur, Yoshida, and postwar Japan, pp: 241-93;

Gordon, A Postwar Japan as history, pp: 34-63;

Sims, R Japanese political history since the Meiji Renovation, 1868-2000, pp: 266-343;

Welfield, J An empire in eclipse : Japan in the postwar American alliance system : a study in the interaction of domestic politics and foreign policy, pp: 88-113; pp: 137-63.

Top of page

Modern Japanese History: Seminar Readings

Items given in BOLD are sources which all students will need to read as part of the seminar.

Seminar 1: The Meiji Oligarchy

Where was real power located in Meiji Japan? Who formed the establishment and where was the Emperor in the overall scheme of things. Where did these people emerge from and how did they orchestrate power?

Nish I.ed., The Iwakura mission in America and Europe : a new assessment

Sims, R., Japanese political history since the Meiji Renovation, 1868-2000

Ramseyer, J The politics of oligarchy : institutional choice in imperial Japan : read selectively

Top of page

The seminar is about the development and evolution of opposition politics in Japan in the Meiji period. We need to identify the leaders of opposition, their motives and their relations with popular politics. Who did they represent?

Najita, T [et al] (eds.) Conflict in modern Japanese history : the neglected tradition, pp. 258-75;

Sims, R Japanese political history since the Meiji Renovation, 1868-2000, pp. 40-68;

Gordon, A Labor and Democracy in Imperial Japan, pp. 13-62; Wray, H and Hilary C. eds. Japan examined : perspectives on modern Japanese history, Chp 4.

Harootunian, H. D. Toward restoration : the growth of political consciousness in Tokugawa Japan, Introduction. pp. 1-46 Available as an Online course Reading in the VLE

Top of page

Seminar 3: The Meiji Constitutional Framework

Meiji nationalism, embodied within the emperor, laid the foundation for an authoritarian state. What constituted Meiji nationalism? What could these foundations of an authoritarian state be? How can you be certain such foundations, if they existed, would lead to authoritarianism?

Gluck, C. Japan's modern myths : ideology in the late Meiji period, Chpt 4 'The Modern Monarch'. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Irokawa, D. The culture of the Meiji period, Chpt 8 'The Emperor System as a Spiritual Structure'.

Large, S. Emperor Hirohito and Showa Japan : a political biography, 'Introduction'

Maruyama, M. Thought and behaviour in modern Japanese politics, Chpt 4 'Nationalism in Japan: Its Theoretical Background and Prospects',

Najita, T. Japan : the intellectual foundations of modern Japanese politics, Chpt 4 'The Meiji Quest for Constitutional and Ideological Certitude',

Pittau, J. Political thought in early Meiji Japan, 1868-1889, Chpt 6 'The New Theory of State'.

Pyle, K. Chpt 11 'Meiji Conservatism' in Jansen, M. (ed) The Cambridge history of Japan. Vol 5, The nineteenth century.

Tsunoda, R (eds) Sources of Japanese tradition, pp: 134-9; 182-210.

Top of page

Seminar 4: Business and Economic Growth: Industrializing Japan

How did Modern Japan approach the problem of sustainable economic growth; what was the role of the State in the process and how did Private Business contribute to this? What stages of development were followed?

G. C. Allen., A short economic history of modern Japan, pp. 61-127

Francks, P., Japanese economic development, pp. 53-88.

Hunter, J., The emergence of modern Japan : an introductory history since 1853, pp.106-137.

Macpherson, W. J. The economic development of Japan 1868-1941 pp. 24-44

Morris-Suzuki, T, The technological transformation of Japan : from the seventeenth to the twenty-first century, pp. 105-42.

Top of page

Seminar 5: Education and Ethics in Meiji Japan

The rapid change in Meiji era exposed the conflicts between tradition and modernity in Japan. What was education conceived for and in what ways did it add to the tension in early modern Japan? Who were the players in this conflict?

Marius Johnson, ‘Changing Japanese Attitude toward Modernization’ in Marius B.

Jansen B. Jansen, ed. Changing Japanese attitudes towards modernization, pp. 43.97.

R. P. Dore ‘Education: Japan’, in Robert E. Ward and Dankwart A. Rustow, Political modernization in Japan and Turkey, pp. 176-204. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Carol Gluck, Japan's modern myths : ideology in the late Meiji period, pp 102-156

Top of page

Seminar 6: Ultranationalism and the Right Wing

How did Japan formulate its ultra-nationalism and how did it manifest itself both internally and externally? What were the causes of it? Who were the protagonists and what role did Kita Ikki play in it?

Sims, R Japanese political history since the Meiji Renovation, 1868-2000, pp. 179-236;

Najita, T and Harootunian, H. (Chpt 14 ) 'Japanese Revolt Against the West: Political and Cultural Criticism in the Twentieth Century', in Duss, P. (ed), The Cambridge history of Japan. Vol 6, The twentieth century; Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Maruyama, M. Thought and behaviour in modern Japanese politics, Chpt 1 Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Large, S. Emperor Hirohito and Showa Japan : a political biography, Chpt 3

Young, L Japan's total empire, pp. 55-182.

Top of page

Seminar 7: Japan’s Agenda for East Asia Co-prosperity; what was it?

By systematically copying the West it was inevitable that the way in which Japan expanded into East Asia would threaten the interests of the other powers. In what ways did Japan emulate Western imperialism, and how did Japan become a threat to the strategic interests of the other powers?

Beasley, W Japanese imperialism, pp: 175-233

Butow, R, Tojo and the coming of the war. : read selectively

Chomsky, N American power and the new mandarins, pp: 130-177.

Dower, J Empire and aftermath : Yoshida Shigeru and the Japanese experience, 1878-1954, pp: 189-226

Iriye,A The origins of the Second World War in Asia and the Pacific, pp: 140-87

Perkins, D., A history of the Monroe doctrine, Chpt.1 Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Top of page

Seminar 8: The Occupation of Japan and its outcomes

For the first time in Japan’s history the country lost its sovereignty and independence. How did the occupation come about? Who were the occupiers and who run the occupation from 1945-1952. What did the occupation authorities achieve in Japan and how did this change Japan?

Welfield, J., An empire in eclipse : Japan in the postwar American alliance system : a study in the interaction of domestic politics and foreign policy, pp: 88-113; pp: 137-63.

Gordon, A., Postwar Japan as history, Chapter 1 and 3;

Schaller, M., The American occupation of Japan : the origins of the cold war in Asia

Stockwin, J. A. A., Governing Japan : divided politics in a major economy (third edition) Chapter 12.

Top of page

Seminar 9: Japanese Foreign Policy

What provides the inspiration behind post-war Japanese foreign policy, and what were the ingredients for the new foreign policy. How has Japan responded to global event?

Calder, Kent "Japanese Foreign Economic Policy Formation: Explaining the Reactive State," World politics, 40 (July 1988);

Fukushima, A., Japanese foreign policy : the emerging logic of multilateralism, pp. 54-106.

Stockwin, J. A. A., Governing Japan : divided politics in a major economy (third edition) Chapter 12.

Welfield, J., An empire in eclipse : Japan in the postwar American alliance system : a study in the interaction of domestic politics and foreign policy, pp: 88-113; pp: 137-63.

Top of page

List of Essays

1. In what ways did Emperor Meiji Represent Unity in Japan?
2. Account for the role of the West in Japan’s modernization process in the nineteenth century.
3. There was nothing popular about ‘popular protest’ in Meiji Japan. Discuss.
4. Japan had to expand somewhere so Japanese colonialism was inevitable; how necessary was Japan’s annexation of Korea?
5. How did educational reforms bring about the changes that were required for modernization in Meiji Japan, and what problems did they engender?
6. To what extent did the American Occupation of Japan achieve its goal?
7. The economic development of Southeast Asia is a result of a post-war reconstruction of the concept of East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere. Discuss.

The deadline for the submission of essays: March 29 2011
Two copies of your essay, with a Declaration of Academic Integrity form attached, should be submitted to the Departmental Office by noon on or before the due date. Penalty marks for late submission will be deducted at the rate of 5 full marks per calendar day. Essays should be word-processed and properly sourced with full bibliographic information

Please note that Wikipedia entries do not count as a reference. Your essay should be referenced properly in the MLA or APA format.

This list was last updated on 10/02/2011