Leeds University Library

CLAS2600
Aeneid CLAS2600 Reading List

Virgil's Aeneid, 2017/18, Semester 1, 2
Dr. Bev Back
b.back@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

SET TEXT

Virgil,  The Aeneid: (tr. D. West, 2003). Harmondsworth: Penguin.

There are two copies available here, however you should try to obtain your own copy.

JSTOR Search term: Virgil in Title

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Political and Cultural Context

Fantham, E., 1996. Roman Literary Culture : from Cicero to Apuleius Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.

Feeney, D., 1998. Literature and Religion at Rome : Cultures, Contexts, and Beliefs . Cambridge: CUP.

Galinsky, K., 1996. Augustan Culture : An Interpretive Introduction . Princeton: Princeton UP.

Gold, B., 1982. Literary and Artistic Patronage in Ancient Rome. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Green, S.J., 2009. ‘Malevolent Gods and Promethean Birds: Contesting Augury in Augustus’ Rome’. Transactions of the American Philological Association. 139, pp.147-67.

Griffin, J., 1985. Latin Poets and Roman Life . London: Duckworth.

Hardie, P. R., 2014. The Last Trojan Hero: A Cultural History of Virgil’s Aeneid. London: I.B. Tauris.

Powell, A., 1992. Roman Poetry and Propaganda in the Age of Augustus Bristol: Bristol Classical Press.

Quint, D., 1993. Epic and Empire: Politics and Generic Form from Virgil to Milton Princeton: Princeton UP.

Raaflaub, K.A., and Toher, M., (eds.). 1990. Between Republic and Empire : Interpretations of Augustus and his Principate . Berkeley: University of California Press.

Stahl, H-P., 1998. Vergil's Aeneid : Augustan Epic and Political Context London: Duckworth.

Syme, R., 1939. The Roman Revolution. Oxford: OUP. [Old, but still very important!]

Thomas, R.F., 2001. Virgil and the Augustan Reception . Cambridge: CUP [particularly chapter 1: ‘Virgil and Augustus’].

White, P., 1993. Promised Verse : Poets in the Society of Augustan Rome Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP.

Williams, R.D., 1960. The Purpose of the Aeneid. The Classical quarterly . 10:  pp.145-51. 

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General bibliography on the Aeneid

Anderson , W.S., 1969. The Art of the Aeneid. Bristol: Bristol Classical Press.

Barchiesi, A. and Marchesi, I. (eds.), 2015. Homeric Effects in Vergil's Narrative. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Boyle, A.J., (ed.). 1996. Roman Epic : An Interpretative Introduction London: Routledge.

Briggs, W.W., 1981. ‘Virgil and the Hellenistic Epic’. Aufstieg und Niedergang der Römischen Welt 2.31.2, pp.948-84.

Cairns, F., 1989. Virgil's Augustan Epic Cambridge: CUP.

Clausen, W., 1987. Virgil's Aeneid and the Tradition of Hellenistic Poetry. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Clarke, M.J., Currie, B.G.F., Lyne, R.O.A.M., 2006. Epic Interactions: Perspectives on Homer, Virgil, and the Epic Tradition. Oxford: OUP.

Commager, S., (ed.) 1966. Virgil : a Collection of Critical Essays . Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.

Conte, G.B., 1986. The Rhetoric of Imitation : Genre and  poetic Memory in Virgil and Other Latin Poets . Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell UP.

Conte, G.B., 2007. The Poetry of Pathos: Studies in Virgilian Epic [edited by S. J. Harrison]. Oxford : Oxford University Press.

Farrell, J., 2012. ‘Art, aesthetics, and the hero in Vergil’s Aeneidin Sluiter, I., and Rosen, R. M., 2012. Aesthetic Value in Classical Antiquity. Leiden; Boston: Brill.

Farrell, J. and Putnam, M.C.J., 2010. A Companion to Vergil’s Aeneid and its Tradition. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Farron, S., 1993. Vergil's Aeneid : A Poem of Grief and Love. Leiden: Brill.

Feeney, D., 1991. The Gods in Epic: Poets and Critics of the Classical Tradition. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Gillis, D., 1983. Eros and Death in the Aeneid . Rome: L’Erma di Bretschneider.

Gladhill, B., 2016. Rethinking Roman Alliance: A Study in Poetics and Society. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press. (Chapter 4 only)

Gowers, E., 2011. Trees and Family Trees in the Aeneid. Classical Antiquity 30, No. 1: pp. 87-118.

Gransden, K.W., 1984. Virgil's Iliad: an Essay on Epic Narrative. Cambridge: CUP.

Griffin, J., 1986. Virgil. Oxford: OUP (Past Masters Series).

Hardie, P.R., 1986. Virgil's Aeneid : cosmos and imperium . Oxford: Clarendon Press.**

---------- 1998. ** Virgil.  Oxford: OUP (Greece and Rome New Surveys in the Classics No. 28) **

---------- ** (ed.) 1999. Virgil: Critical Assessments of Classical Authors , Vols. 3 and 4. London: Routledge.**

---------- 2012. Rumour and Renown: Representations of Fama in Western Literature . Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press.

Harrison, S.J., 1990.  Oxford readings in Vergil's Aeneid. Oxford: OUP.

Heinze, R., 1993. Virgil's Epic Technique. [trans. H.& D. Harvey, F. Robertson]. Bristol: Bristol Classical Press.

Henry, E., 1989. The Vigour of Prophecy: a Study of Virgil's Aeneid. Bristol: Bristol Classical Press.

Hinds, S., 1998. Allusion and Intertext: Dynamics of Appropriation in Roman Poetry. Cambridge: CUP.

Horsfall, N. (ed.), 1995. A Companion to the Study of Virgil.  Leiden: Brill.

Hornsby, R.A., 1970. Patterns of Action in the Aeneid : An Interpretation of Vergil's Epic Similes. Iowa: University of Iowa Press.

Hunter, R., and Oakley, S. P. (eds.), Latin Literature and its Transmission: Papers in Honour of Michael Reeve . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Johnson, W.R., 1976.  Darkness visible: a study of Vergil's Aeneid. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Kallendorf, C., 2007. The Other Virgil: Pessimistic Readings of the Aeneid in Early Modern Culture . Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press.

Keith, A., 2000.  Engendering Rome: Women in Latin Epic. Cambridge: CUP.

Knauer, G.N., 1964. Vergil’s Aeneid and Homer, Greek, Roman, and Byzantine studies. 5 pp.61-84 [= Harrison (1990), Oxford Readings in Vergil's Aeneid pp. 390-412].

Owen Lee, M., 1979. Fathers and Sons in Virgil's Aeneid: tum genitor natum. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Lovatt, H., 2013. The Epic Gaze: Vision, Gender and Narrative in Ancient Epic. Cambridge: CUP.

Lyne, R.O.A.M., 1987. Further Voices in Vergil's Aeneid. Oxford: Clarendon.

---------- 1989. Words and the Poet: Characteristic Techniques of Style in Vergil's Aeneid. O xford: Clarendon.

Martindale, C. (ed.), 1994. Virgil and his Influence: Bimillennial Studies. Bristol: Bristol University Press.

---------- (ed.) 1997. Cambridge Companion to Virgil. Cambridge: CUP. [+ online ]

Nelis, D.P., 2001. Vergil's Aeneid and the Argonautica of Apollonius Rhodius. Leeds: Francis Cairns.

O’Hara, J.J., 1990. Death and the Optimistic Prophecy in Vergil's Aeneid. Princeton: Princeton UP.

---------- 2007. Inconsistency in Roman Epic: Studies in Catullus, Lucretius, Vergil, Ovid and Lucan. Cambridge: CUP (esp. pp. 77-103)

Otis, B., 1995. Virgil: A Study in Civilized Poetry. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

Panoussi, V., 2009. Greek Tragedy in Vergil's Aeneid: Ritual, Empire, and Intertext. Cambridge; New York: CUP.

Perkell, C., 1999.  Reading Vergil's Aeneid: An Interpretive Guide. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

Pöschl, V., 1962. The Art of Vergil: Image and Symbol in the Aeneid. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Putnam, M.C.J., 1965. The Poetry of the Aeneid : Four Studies in Imaginative Unity and Design. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

---------- 1995. Virgil's Aeneid: Interpretation and Influence. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press.

---------- 1998. Virgil's Epic Designs: Ekphrasis in the Aeneid. New Haven: Yale UP.

Quinn, K., 1968. Virgil's Aeneid : A Critical Description. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Reed, J. D., 2007. Virgil’s Gaze: Nation and Poetry in the Aeneid.  Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Rogerson, A., 2017. Virgil’s Ascanius: Imagining the Future in the Aeneid. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge Classical Press.  

Seider, A. M., 2013. Memory in Vergil's Aeneid: Creating the Past. Cambridge; New York: CUP.

Stahl, H-P., 1998.  Vergil's Aeneid : Augustan Epic and Political Context London: Routledge.

Syed, Y., 2004. Vergil's Aeneid and the Roman Self: Subject and Nation in Literary Discourse. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Thomas, R.F., 1999. Reading Virgil and his Texts: Studies in Intertextuality. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Toohey, P., 1992. Reading Epic: An Introduction to the Ancient Narratives. London: Routledge.

Von Albrecht, M., 1998. Roman Epic: An Interpretative Introduction. Boston: Brill.

Williams, G., 1968.  Tradition and Originality in Roman Poetry. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Williams, G., 1983.  Technique and Ideas in the Aeneid New Haven and London: Yale UP.

Bibliography on specific books of the poem

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Book 1

Barchiesi, A., 2016. Jupiter the antiquarian: the name of Iulus ( A. 1.267-8). In Hunter, R., and Oakley, S. P. (eds.), Latin Literature and its Transmission: Papers in Honour of Michael Reeve, pp. 1-9.

Putnam, M.C.J., 1998.  Virgil's Epic Designs: Ekphrasis in the Aeneid. New Haven: Yale UP,  Chapter 1 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Reckford, K. J., 1995-6. Recognising Venus (I): Aeneas meets his mother. Arion . 3: pp. 1-42.

Segal, C.P., 1981. Art and the Hero: Participation, Detachment and Narrative Point of View in the Aeneid, Arethusa 14 pp. 67-83. (Reprinted in Hardie, P.R., 1999. Virgil: Critical Assessments of Classical Authors Vol. 3, pp. 42-58).

Stahl, H-P., 1981. Aeneas - an ‘unheroic’ hero? Arethusa. 14 pp. 157-77.

Williams, R.D., 1990. The Pictures in Dido’s Temple ( Aeneid 1.450-93), The Classical Quarterly 10  pp. 145-51. (Reprinted in Harrison, S.J., 1990. Oxford Readings in Vergil's Aeneid, pp. 37-45).

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Book 2

Bowie, A.M., 1990. The Death of Priam. Allegory and History in the Aeneid, The Classical Quarterly 40, pp. 470-81.

Esteves, V., 1981. Aeneid II 624-631 and the Helen and Venus Episodes. The Classical Journal 76, pp. 318-335. - Available online: https://www.jstor.org/stable/3297341? seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Fulkerson, L., 2008. Patterns of Death in the Aeneid . Scripta Classica Israelica 27, pp. 17-33.

Garstang, J.B., 1962. The Crime of Helen and the Concept of Fatum in the Aeneid. The Classical Journal 57, pp. 337-345. - Available online: https://www.jstor.org/stable/3294821? seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Harrison, E.L., 1990. Divine Action in Aeneid Book 2. In Harrison , S.J., Oxford Readings in Vergil's Aeneid, pp.  46-59. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Knox, B.M.W., 1950. The Serpent and the Flame. The Images of the Second Book of the Aeneid, The American Journal of Philology 71, pp. 379-400. (Reprinted in Harrison, S.J., 1990. Oxford Readings in Vergil's Aeneid,  pp. 46-59).

Lynch, J.P. 1980. Laocoon and Sinon: Virgil, Aeneid 2.40-198, Greece and Rome 27, pp. 170 - 179. (Reprinted in Hardie, P.R., 1999. Virgil: Critical Assessments of Classical Authors, vol. 3, pp. 76-84).

Reinhold, M., 1966. The 'Unhero' Aeneas, Classica et Mediaevalia 27, pp. 195-207. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

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Book 3

Grimm, R. E., 1967. Aeneas and Andromache in Aeneid III, The American Journal of Philology 88, pp. 151-62.

Hershkowitz, D., 1991. The Aeneid in Aeneid 3, Vergilius 37, pp. 69-76.

Hexter, R., 1999. Imitating Troy: a reading of Aeneid 3. In Perkell, C. (ed.) Reading Vergil's Aeneid : An Interpretive Guide, pp. 64-79.

Kinsey, T.E., 1979. The Achaemenides Episode in Virgil’s Aeneid III, Latomus 38, pp. 110-24.

Lloyd, R.B., 1957. Aeneid III. A New Approach, The American Journal of Philology 78, pp. 133-51. (Reprinted in Hardie, P.R., 1999. Virgil: Critical Assessments of Classical Authors Vol. 4, pp. 101-16).

McKay, A.G., 1966. The Achaemenides Episode; Virgil Aeneid III 588-691, Vergilius 12, pp. 31-8.

Putnam, M.C.J., 1980. The Third Book of the Aeneid: From Homer to Rome, Ramus 9, pp. 1-21 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva .

Quint, D., 1982-3. Painful Memories: Aeneid 3 and the Problem of the Past, The Classical Journal 78, pp. 30-8. - Available online: https://www.jstor.org/stable/3297265? seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Ramminger, J., 1991. Imitation and Allusion in the Achaemenides Scene (Virgil Aeneid 3.588-691), The American Journal of Philology 112, pp. 53-72.

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Book 4

Collard, C., 1975. Medea and Dido, Prometheus 1, pp. 151-51.

Commager, S., 1981. Fateful Words. Some Conversations in Aeneid 4, Arethusa 14, pp. 101-14.

Eidinow, J.S.C., 2003. Dido, Aeneas, and Iulus: Heirship and Obligation in Aeneid 4, The Classical Quarterly 53, pp. 260-267.

Foster, J., 1973/4. Some Devices of Drama used in Aeneid 1-4. Proceedings of the Virgil Society . 13: pp. 28-41. - Available online: http://digitalvirgil.co.uk/? p=588

Gibson, R.K., 1999. Aeneas as hospes in Vergil, Aeneid 1 and 4, The Classical Quarterly 49, pp. 184-202.

Moles, J.L., 1987. The Tragedy and Guilt of Dido. In M. Whitby, P. Hardie and M. Whitby (eds.), Homo Viator: Classical Essays for John Bramble, Bristol: Bristol Classical Press. pp. 153-161.

Muecke, F., 1983. Foreshadowing and Dramatic Irony in the Story in the Story of Dido, The American Journal of Philology 104, pp. 134-55..

Quinn, K., 1963. Latin Explorations: Critical Studies in Roman Literature, New York: Routledge. [See: ch. entitled ‘Virgil’s Tragic Queen’].

Wlosok, A., 1999. The Dido Tragedy in Virgil: A Contribution to the Question of the Tragic in the Aeneid, in Hardie, P.R., Virgil: Critical Assessments of Classical Authors Vol. 4, pp. 158-181.

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Book 5

Babcock, C., 1992. Sola … multis e matribus: A Comment on Vergil’s Trojan Women. In:  R.M. Wilhelm and H. Jones (eds.), The Two Worlds of the Poet: New Perspectives on Vergil , Detroit: Wayne State University Press, pp. 39-50.

Feldherr, A., 1995. Ships of State: Aeneid  5 and Augustan Circus Spectacle. Classical antiquity . Vol. 14: pp. 245-65. 

Hardie, P.R., 1987. Ships and Ship-Names in the Aeneid. In: Whitby, M., Hardie, P., and Whitby, M. (eds.), Homo Viator: Classical Essays for John Bramble Bristol: Bristol Classical Press, pp. 163-71.

Harris, H. A., 1968-9. The Games in Aeneid V”. Proceedings of the Virgil Society . 8: pp. 14-26. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Galinsky, G.K. 1968. Aeneid 5 and the AeneidThe American Journal of Philology 89:  pp. 157-85. [Reprinted in Hardie, P.R., 1999. Virgil: Critical Assessments of Classical Authors Vol. 4, pp. 158-81].

Nugent, S., 1992. Aeneid V and Virgil’s Voice of the Women. Arethusa 25:  pp. 255-92.

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Book 6

Bleisch, P., 1999. The Empty Tomb at Rhoeteum: Deiphobus and the Problem of the Past in Aeneid 6.494-547, Classical Antiquity 18, pp. 187-226.

Brooks, R.A., 1953. Discolor aura. Reflections on the Golden Bough, The American Journal of Philology 74, pp. 260-80. [Reprinted in Commager, S., 1966. Virgil: A Collection of Critical Essays, pp.  142-63].

Burke, P.F., 1979. Roman rites for the dead and Aeneid 6, The Classical Journal 74, pp. 220-8. - Available online: https://www.jstor.org/stable/3296855? seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Dominik, W.J., 1996. Reading Vergil’s Aeneid: the Gates of Sleep (VI 893-898), Maia 48, pp. 129-138. - Available online: http://www.academia.edu/9339349/William_J._Dominik_Reading_Vergil_s_Aeneid_The_Gates_of_Sleep_6.893_98_Maia_48.2_1996_129_138 

Horsfall, N., 2013. Virgil, Aeneid 6: A Commentary. Berlin: De Gruyter.

Feeney, D. C., 1986. History and Revelation in Virgil’s Underworld, Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society 32, pp. 1-24. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Fuqua, C., 1982. Hector, Sychaeus and Deiphobus: Three Mutilated Figures in Aeneid 1-6, Classical Philology. ISSN: 0009-837X 77, pp. 235-40.

Reed. N., 1973. The Gates of Sleep in Aeneid 6, Classical Quarterly 23, pp. 311-15.

Segal, C. P., 1965/6. Aeternum per saecula nomen. The Golden Bough and the Tragedy of History: Part 1 in Arion 4 pp. 617-57; Part 2 in Arion 5, pp. 34-72.

Solmsen, F., 1972. The World of the Dead in Book 6 of the Aeneid, Classical Philology 67, pp. 31-41. [Reprinted in Harrison Oxford readings in Vergil's Aeneid, pp. 208-223].

Tarrant, R.J., 1982. Aeneas and the Gates of Sleep, Classical Philology 77, pp. 51-5.

Williams, R.D., 1964. The Sixth Book of the Aeneid, Greece and Rome 11, pp. 48-63. [Reprinted in Harrison Oxford Readings in Vergil's Aeneid, pp. 191-207]

Zetzel, J.E.G., 1989. Romane Memento: Justice and Judgement in Aeneid 6, Transactions of the American Philological Association. 119, pp. 263-84.

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Book 7

Anderson, W.S., 1957. Virgil’s Second Iliad, Transactions of the American Philological Association. 88, pp. 17-30. [Reprinted in Harrison 1990, pp. 239-52] Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Fantham, E. 1998. Allecto’s First Victim: a Study of Virgil’s Amata. In Stahl, H-P., Vergil's Aeneid : Augustan Epic and Political Context, pp. 135-53.

Fowler, D., 1998. Opening the Gates of War: Aeneid 7.601-40. In Stahl, H-P., 1998. Vergil's Aeneid : Augustan Epic and Political Context, pp. 155-74.

Fraenkel, E., 1990. Some Aspects of the Structure of Aeneid 7, The journal of Roman studies. 35, pp. 1-14. [Reprinted in Harrison 1990, Oxford Readings in Vergil's Aeneid pp. 253-76].

Horsfall, N., 2000. Virgil, Aeneid 7 : a commentary. Leiden: Brill.

Putnam, M.C.J. 1970. Aeneid 7 and the Aeneid, The American Journal of Philology 91, pp. 408-30. [Reprinted in Hardie 1990,  Virgil: Critical Assessments of Classical Authors Vol. 4, pp. 244-62].

Reckford, K. J., 1961. Latent Tragedy in Aeneid 7.1-285, The American Journal of Philology 82, pp. 252-69.

Vance, E., 1981. Sylvia’s Pet Stag: Wildness and Domesticity, Arethusa 14, pp. 127-38. [Reprinted in Hardie 1999,  Virgil : critical assessments of classical authors Vol. 4].

Williams, R.D., 1961. The Function and Structure of Virgil’s Catalogue in Aeneid 7, The Classical Quarterly 11, pp. 146-153.

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Book 8

Feeney, D.C., 1986. Following after Hercules, in Virgil and Apollonius, Proceedings of the Virgil Society, pp. 47-85. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Galinsky, G.K. 1966. The Hercules-Cacus Episode in Aeneid 8, The American Journal of Philology 87, pp. 18-51. [Reprinted in Hardie (ed.) 1999, Virgil: Critical Assessments of Classical Authors,  pp. 274-303].

---------- 1972.  The Herakles Theme: The Adaptations of the Hero in Literature from Homer to the Twentieth Century Oxford: Blackwell., pp. 131-49. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva [Reprinted in Harrison 1990, Oxford Readings in Vergil's Aeneid, pp. 277-94].

Gransden, K.W., 1976. Aeneid Book VIII, Cambridge: CUP.

Harrison, E.L., 1997. The Survival and Supremacy of Rome: the Unity of the Shield of Aeneas, The journal of Roman studies. 87, pp. 70-6

Morgan, L. ‘Assimilation and Civil War: Hercules and Cacus’, in Stahl Vergil's Aeneid : Augustan epic and political context (1998) 175-97

Stafford, E, 2012. Herakles, London: Routledge.

West, D.A., 1975-6. Cernere erat: the Shield of Aeneas, Proceedings of the Virgil Society 15, pp. 1-7. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva [Reprinted in Harrison 1990,  Oxford Readings in Vergil's Aeneid, pp.  295-304].

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Book 9

Dickie, M., 1985. The Speech of Numanus Remulus ( Aeneid 9.598-620), Papers of the Liverpool Latin Seminar. Vol. 5, pp. 165-221. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Duckworth, G.E., 1967. The Significance of Nisus and Euryalus for Aeneid 9 to 12, The American Journal of Philology 88, pp. 129-50. [Reprinted in Hardie 1999, Virgil: Critical Assessments of Classical Authors Vol. 4, pp. 304-21].

Fitzgerald, G.J., 1972. Nisus and Euryalus: A Paradigm of Futile Behaviour and the Tragedy of Youth. In Martyn J.R.C. (ed.) Cicero and Virgil: Studies in Honour of Harold Hunt, Amsterdam: Hakkert, pp. 114-37.

Green, S. J., 2014. Alternatives To Aeneas: Meditations on Leadership and Military Discipline In Virgil, Aeneid 9. Proceedings of the Virgil Society 28, pp.99-122. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Harrison, E. L., 1995. The Metamorphosis of the Ships ( Aeneid 9.77-122). Papers of the Leeds International Latin Seminar. Vol.8, Roman comedy, Augustan poetry, historiography 8: pp. 143-64. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Hardie, P.R., 1994.  Aeneid, Book 9, Cambridge: CUP.

Lennox, P., 1977. Virgil’s Night-Episode Re-examined ( Aeneid 9.176-449), Hermes 105, pp. 331-42.

Makowski, J., 1989. Nisus and Euryalus: A Platonic Relationship, The Classical Journal 85, pp. 1-15. - Available at: https://www.jstor.org/stable/3297483? seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Meban, D., 2009. The Nisus and Euryalus Episode and Roman Friendship. Phoenix 63, pp. 239-59.

Pavlock, B., 1985. Epic and Tragedy in Virgil’s Nisus and Euryalus Episode, Transactions of the American Philological Association. 115,  pp. 207-24.

Saylor, C., 1990. Group vs. individual in Virgil Aeneid IX, Latomus 49, pp. 88-94.

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Book 10

Benario, H., 1967. The Tenth Book of the Aeneid, Transactions of the American Philological Association 98, pp. 23-36. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Harrison, S., 1998. The Sword-belt of Pallas: Moral Symbolism and Political Ideology: Aeneid 10.495-505,. In Stahl Vergil's Aeneid : Augustan Epic and Political Context, pp. 223-42.

La Penna, A., 1999. Mezentius: A Tragedy of Tyranny and Ancient Titanism. In Hardie 1999. Virgil : Critical Assessments of Classical Authors, pp. 345-75. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

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Book 11

Basson, W. P., 1986. Virgil’s Camilla: A Paradoxical Character, Acta Classica 29, pp. 57-68. - Available online: http://www.casa-kvsa.org.za/1986/AC29-03-Basson.pdf

Fowler, D., 1987. Virgil on killing virgins. In M. Whitby, P. Hardie and M. Whitby (eds.), Homo viator: Classical Essays for John Bramble, Bristol: Bristol Classical Press, pp. 185-98.

Gransden, K.W., 1991. Aeneid, Book 11 Cambridge: CUP.

Hardie, P.R., 1998. Fame and Defamation in the Aeneid: the Council of the Latins. In Stahl, Vergil's Aeneid: Augustan Epic and Political Context, pp.  243-70.

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Book 12

Barchiesi, A. and Marchesi, I. (eds.), 2015. Homeric Effects in Vergil's Narrative. Princeton: Princeton University Press. [esp. Ch. 4: The Death of Turnus].

Feeney, D.C., 1984. The Reconciliations of Juno, The Classical Quarterly 34, pp. 179-94. [Reprinted in Hardie 1999, Virgil : Critical Assessments of Classical Authors, pp. 392-413 and in Harrison 1990, Oxford Readings in Vergil's Aeneid, pp. 339-62].

Galinsky, K., 1994. How to be Philosophical about the End of the Aeneid, Institute of Classical Studies 19, pp. 191-201. Available online: https://www.ideals.illinois.edu/handle/2142/13016

Perkell, C., 1997. The Lament of Juturna. Pathos and Interpretation in the Aeneid, Transactions of the American Philological Association. 127, pp. 257-86.

Putnam, M.C.J., 1999. The Hesitation of Aeneas. In Hardie Virgil: Critical Assessments of Classical Authors,  pp. 414-33. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva (Reprinted from Putnam, M.C.J. 1995 Virgil's Aeneid : interpretation and influence London: University of North Carolina Press)

Stahl, H. P., 1990. The Death of Turnus. Augustan Virgil and the Political Rival. In Rauflaub and Toher, Between Republic and Empire: Interpretations of Augustus and his Principate, pp. 174-211. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

West, D., 1998. The End and the Meaning: Vergil Aeneid 12.791-842, in Stahl, ed. Vergil's Aeneid: Augustan Epic and Political Context pp. 303-18.

This list was last updated on 11/09/2017