Leeds University Library

Module Reading List

The Sociology of Gender, 2017/18, Semester 2
Dr Rosemary Lucy Hill
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Topic 1 : Gender and sociology

Key Reading

Abbott, P. et al. 2005. An introduction to sociology: feminist perspectives . 3rd ed. Abingdon: Routledge. (Introduction)

Smith, D.E. 1974. Women’s perspective as a radical critique of sociology. Sociological inquiry.  44 (1), pp.7-13.

Further Reading

Acker, J. 1990. Hierarchies, jobs, bodies: a theory of gendered organizations. Gender & society.  4 (2), pp.139-158.

Abbot, P. 1991. Feminist perspectives in sociology: the challenge to ‘mainstream’ orthodoxy. In: Aaron, J. and Walby, S. eds. Out of the margins : women's studies in the nineties ISBN: 9781850009696; 1850009686; 1850009694 (pbk) . London: Falmer Press.

Acker, J. 1989. Making gender visible. In: Wallace, R.A. ed. Feminism and sociological theory . London: Sage.

Code, L. 2006. Women knowing/knowing women: critical-creative interventions in the politics of knowledge. In: Davis, K., et al. eds. Handbook of gender and women's studies  . London: Sage, pp.146-166.

De Beauvoir, S. 2009 [1949]. The second sex . London: Vintage. (Introduction)

Evans, M. 1982. In praise of theory: the case for women’s studies. Feminist review. . (10), pp.61-74.

Evans, M. 2003. Gender and social theory . Buckingham: Open University Press.

Griffin, G. 2005. The Institutionalization of Women’s Studies in Europe. In: Griffin G., ed. Doing women's studies : employment opportunities, personal impacts and social consequences . London: Zed Books.

Hawkesworth, M. 2010. From constitutive outside to the politics of extinction: critical race theory, feminist theory, and political theory. Political research quarterly. . 63 (3), pp.686-696.

Hearn, J. 1998. Theorizing men and men’s theorizing: Varieties of discursive practices in men’s theorizing of men. Theory and society.  . 27 (6), pp.781-816.

Hearn, J. and Morgan, D. 1990. Men, Masculinities and Social Theory . London: Unwin Hyman.

Hemmings, C. 2006. The Life and Times of Academic Feminism. In: Davis, K., et al. eds. Handbook of gender and women's studies . London: Sage.

Jackson, S. and Scott, S. 2002. The Gendering of Sociology. In: Jackson, S. and Scott, S. (eds.), Gender : a sociological reader , London: Routledge.

Lloyd, G. 1993. The man of reason: ‘male’ and ‘female’ in western philosophy . London: Routledge.

Marshall, B. 1994. Engendering modernity : feminism, social theory, and social change . Cambridge: Polity.

Marshall, B.L. and Witz, A. eds. 2004. Engendering the social : feminist encounters with sociological theory  Maidenhead: Open University Press.

Morgan, D. 1992. Discovering men : sociology and masculinities. London: Routledge.

do Mar Pereira, M. 2012. ‘Feminist theory is proper knowledge, but…’: The status of feminist scholarship in the academy. Feminist theory.  . 13 (3), pp.283-303.

Ramazanoglu, C. and Holland, J. 2002. Feminist methodology : challenges and choices . London: Sage.

Reed, K. 2006. New directions in social theory : race, gender and the canon . London: Sage.

Seidler, V. J. 1994. Unreasonable men : masculinity and social theory . London: Routledge.

Stacey, J. and Thorne, B. 1985. The missing feminist revolution in sociology. Social problems. . 32 (4), pp.301-316.

Witz, A. 2001. Georg Simmel and the masculinity of modernity. Journal of classical sociology.  1 (3), pp.353-370.

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Topic 2: Goodbye biology

Key Reading

Kessler, S.J. and McKenna, W. 1978. Gender : an ethnomethodological approach . New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (chapter 6: ‘Toward a theory of gender’) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Fausto-Sterling, A. 2002. The five sexes: why male and female are not enough. In: Williams, C.L. ed. Sexuality and gender . Malden: Blackwell, pp.468-473 .

Further Reading

Braidotti, R. 2002. The Uses and Abuses of the Sex/Gender Distinction in European Feminist Practices. In: Griffin, G. and Braidotti, R. eds. Thinking differently : a reader in European women's studies . London and New York: Zed Books.

Butler, J. 2005. Bodies that Matter. In: Fraser, M. and Greco, M. eds. The body : a reader  . London: Routledge.

Cranny-Francis, A. 2003. Gender studies : terms and debates . Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Delphy, C. 1993. Rethinking sex and gender. Women's studies international forum. . 16 (1), pp.1-9.

Evans, M. 1991. The Problem of Gender for Women's Studies. In: Aaron, J. and Walby, S. eds. Out of the margins : women's studies in the nineties . London: Falmer Press.

Fausto-Sterling, A. 2000. Sexing the body : gender politics and the construction of sexuality  . New York: Basic Books.

Fausto-Sterling, A. 2005. The bare bones of sex: part I – sex and gender. Signs.  . 30 (2), pp.1491- 1527.

Gatens, M. 1991. A critique of the sex/gender distinction. In: Gunew, S. ed. A reader in feminist knowledge . London: Routledge.

Harrison, W. H. 2006. The shadow and the substance: the sex/gender debate. In: Davis, K., Evans, M. and Lorber, J. eds. Handbook of gender and women's studies . London: Sage.

Hawkesworth, M. 1997. Confounding gender. Signs. : Journal of Women in Culture and Society . 22 (3), pp.649 – 685.

Hird, M.J. 2000. Gender’s nature: intersexuals, transsexuals and the “sex”/”gender” binary. Feminist theory. . 1 (3), pp.347-364

Laqueur, T. 1990. Making sex: body and gender from the Greeks to Freud . London: Harvard University Press.

Moore, H. L. 1993. The differences within and the differences between. In: del Valle, T. ed. Gendered anthropology , New York: Routledge.

Moore, H. L. 1997. ‘Divided we stand’: sex, gender and sexual difference. In: Woodward, K. ed. Identity and difference . London: Sage Publications.

Nestle, J., Howell C. and Wilchins, R. eds. 2002. Genderqueer : voices from beyond the sexual binary . Los Angeles: Alyson Books.

Scott, J. 1986. Gender: a useful category of historical analysis. The American historical review. . 91 (5), pp.1053-1075.

Stacey, J. 1997. Feminist theory. In: Robinson, V. and Richardson, D. eds. Introducing women’s studies , London: Macmillan.

Widerberg, K. 1998. Translating gender. NORA : Nordic journal of feminist and gender research. . 6 (2), pp.133 – 138.

Wilton, T. 2000. Out/performing our selves: sex, gender and Cartesian dualism. Sexualities. . 3 (2), pp.237-254.

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Topic 3 : Gender Identities

Key Reading

Butler, J. 1988. Performative acts and gender constitution: an essay in phenomenology and feminist theory. Theatre journal.  . 40 (4), pp.519 - 531.

West, C. and Zimmerman, D. 1987. Doing gender. Gender & society.  . 1 (2), pp.125-151.

For discussion

Blackwood, E. 1994. Sexuality and gender in certain Native American tribes: the case of cross-gender females. In: Herrmann, A. and Stewart, A. eds. Theorizing feminism : parallel trends in the humanities and social sciences . Boulder: Westview

Further Reading

Bornstein, K. 1994. Gender outlaw : on men, women, and the rest of us . London: Routledge.

Butler, J. 2002. Performative subversions. In: Jackson, S. and Scott, S. eds. Gender : a sociological reader  London: Routledge.

Butler, J. 2004. Undiagnosing gender. In: Undoing gender . London: Routledge.

Califia, P. 1997. Sex changes : the politics of transgenderism . San Fancisco: Cleis Press.

Cromwell, J. 1999. Transmen and FTMs : identities, bodies, genders, and sexualities  University of Illinois Press.

Ekins, R. and King, D. eds. 1996. Blending genders : social aspects of cross-dressing and sex-changing  . London: Routledge.

Ekins, R., King, D. 2006. The transgender phenomenon  . London: Sage

Halberstam, J. 2005. In a queer time and place : transgender bodies, subcultural lives . New York: New York University Press.

Heyes, C. J. 2000. Reading transgender, rethinking women’s studies. NWSA . 9 (2), pp.170-180.

Hines, S. 2005. I am a feminist but…: transgender, men, women and feminism. In: Reger, J. ed. Different wavelengths : studies of the contemporary women's movement . London: Routledge.

Hines, S. 2006. What’s the difference? : bringing particularity to queer studies of transgender. Journal of gender studies. . 15 (1), pp.49-67.

Hines, S. 2006. Intimate transitions: transgender practices of partnering and parenting. Sociology. . 40 (2), pp.353-371.

Hines, S. 2007. Transgendering care: practices of care within transgender communities. Critical social policy. . 27 (4), pp.462-486.

Hines, S. 2008. Tran(s)sexualities: negotiating sexual identity, desire and practice through gender transition. In: Beckett, C., Heathcote, O. and Macey, M. eds. Negotiating boundaries? : identities, sexualities, diversities . Cambridge: Cambridge Scholarly Press.

Hines, S. 2009. (Trans)gendered fabrications: exploring surgery debates in transgender theory and trans narratives. In: Klaver, E. ed Fabricating the Body . Albany: SUNY Press.

Hines, S. 2009. Riding the waves: feminism, lesbian and gay politics, and the transgender debates. In: Bhambra, G. and Demir, I. eds. 1968 in retrospect : history, theory, alterity . Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan.

Hines, S. 2010. Recognising diversity? transgender citizenship and the gender recognition act. In: Hines, S. and Sanger, T. eds. Transgender identities : towards a social analysis of gender diversity . London: Routledge.

Hines, S. 2010. A pathway to diversity? : human rights, citizenship and politics of transgender. Contemporary Politics  In: Kollman, K. and Waites, M. eds. The Global Politics of LGBT Human Rights . London: Routledge.

Hird, M. J. 2000. Gender’s nature: intersexuals, transsexuals and the “sex”/”gender” binary. Feminist theory. . 1 (3), pp.347-364.

Hird, M. J. 2002. ‘Out/performing our selves – invitation for dialogue. Sexualities. . 5 (3), pp.337-356.

Hird, M. J. 2002. For a sociology of transsexualism. Sociology. . 36 (3), pp.557-595.

Kessler, S. and McKenna, W. 2000. Who put the ‘trans’ in transgender? : gender theory and everyday life. The International Journal of Transgenderism. 4 (3) . - Available online: https://www.atria.nl/ezines/web/IJT/97-03/numbers/symposion/kessler.htm

Koyama, E. 2003. Transfeminist manifesto. In: Dicker, R. and Piepmeier, A. eds. Catching a wave : reclaiming feminism for the 21st century  , London: Northeastern University Press.

Monro, S. 2005. Gender politics  : citizenship, activism and sexual diversity. London: Pluto Press.

Prosser, J.1998. Second skins : the body narratives of transsexuality . New York: Columbia.

Stryker, S. 1998. The transgender issue: an introduction. GLQ : a journal of lesbian and gay studies. . 4 (2), pp.145-158. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Stryker, S. and Whittle, S. 2007. T The transgender studies reader . Abingdon: Routledge.

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Topic 4: New materialisms and abortion

Key Reading

Saul, J.M. 2003. Feminism : issues & arguments  . Oxford: Oxford University Press. (‘Abortion’)

Oduro, G.Y. and Otsin, M.N.A. 2014. “Abortion-it is my own body”: women’s narratives about influences on their abortion decisions in Ghana. Health care for women international . 35 (7-9), pp.918-936.

Further Reading on New Materialism

Alaimo, S. and Hekman, S. 2008. Introduction: emerging models of materiality in feminist theory. In: Alaimo, S. and Hekman, S. eds. Material feminisms  . Bloomington: Indiana University Press, pp.1-19.

Barad, K. 2003. Posthumanist Performativity: Toward an Understanding of How Matter Comes to Matter. Signs. . 28 (3), pp.801-831.

Birke, L.I.A. 1999. Feminism and the biological body  . Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Braidotti, R. 2002. Metamorphoses : towards a materialist theory of becoming . Cambridge: Polity.

Bennett, J. 2010. A vitalist stopover on the way to a new materialism. New materialisms : ontology, agency, and politics , Durham, NC and London. pp.47-69.

Coole, D.H. and Frost, S. 2010. New materialisms : ontology, agency, and politics . Durham, N.C;London;: Duke University Press.

Hekman, S. 2010. The material of knowledge : feminist disclosures . Indiana University Press.

Hird, M. 2004. Sex, gender, and science . London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Jagger, G. 2015. The New Materialism and Sexual Difference. Signs. . 40 (2), pp.321-342.

Further Reading on Abortion

Allen, M. 2015. Narrative diversity and sympathetic abortion: what online storytelling reveals about the prescribed norms of the mainstream movements. Symbolic interaction . 38 (1), pp.42-63.

Barad, K. 1998. Getting real: technoscientific practices and the materialization of reality. Differences. . 10 (2), pp.87-91.

Blanchard, D.A. 1994. T The anti-abortion movement and the rise of the religious right : from polite to fiery protest . New York: Twayne Publishers.

Bloomer, F. and O’Dowd, K. 2014. Restricted access to abortion in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland: exploring abortion tourism and barriers to legal reform. Culture, health & sexuality. . 16 (4), pp.366-380.

Cannold, L. 2000. The abortion myth : feminism, morality, and the hard choices women make . Wesleyan University Press.

Cannold, L. 2002. Understanding and responding to anti-choice women-centred strategies. Reproductive health matters. . 10 (19), pp.171-179.

de Sousa, R. 2007. Truth, authenticity, and rationality. Dialectica. . 61 (3), pp.323-345.

Doan, A.E. 2007. Opposition & intimidation : the abortion wars & strategies of political harassment . United States.

English, J. 1994. Abortion: beyond the personhood argument. In: Pojman, L.P. and Beckwith, F.J. eds. The abortion controversy : a reader : 25 years after Roe v. Wade. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth, pp.315-24.

Evans, E. 2015. The politics of third wave feminisms : neoliberalism, intersectionality and the state in Britain and the US . Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.

Gilbert, I. and Sewpaul, V. 2015. Challenging dominant discourses on abortion from a radical feminist standpoint. Affilia  . 30 (1), pp.83-95.

Ginsburg, F.D. and Rapp, R. 1995. Conceiving the new world order : the global politics of reproduction . London: University of California Press.

Guo, C. and Saxton, G.D. 2014. Tweeting Social Change: How Social Media Are Changing Nonprofit Advocacy. Nonprofit and voluntary sector quarterly.  . 43 (1), pp.57-79.

Jones, R.K., Frohwirth, L.F. and Moore, A.M. 2007. "I Would Want to Give My Child, Like, Everything in the World": How Issues of Motherhood Influence Women Who Have Abortions. Journal of Family Issues .

Kelland, L. and Macleod, C. 2015. When is it legitimate to use images in moral arguments? The use of foetal imagery in anti-abortion campaigns as an exemplar of an illegitimate instance of a legitimate practice. Philosophy & social criticism. . 41 (2), pp.179-195.

Keogh, L.A. 2006. Women’s contraceptive decision-making: Juggling the needs of the sexual body and the fertile body. Women & health. . 42 (4), pp.83-103.

Kirkman, M., Rosenthal, D., Mallett, S., Rowe, H. and Hardiman, A. 2010. Reasons women give for contemplating or undergoing abortion: A qualitative investigation in Victoria, Australia. Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare . 1 (4), pp.149-155.

Langford, S. 2008. An end to abortion? A feminist critique of the ‘ectogenetic solution’to abortion. In: Women's studies international forum. , pp.263-269.

Liamputtong, P. 2003. Abortion—It is for some women only! Hmong women’s perceptions of abortion. Health care for women international . 24 (3), pp.230-241.

MacPherson, Y. 2007. Images and icons: harnessing the power of the media to reduce sex-selective abortion in India. Gender and development. . 15 (3), pp.413-423.

Nelson, J. 2001. "Abortions under Community Control": Feminism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Reproduction among New York City’s Young Lords. Journal of women's history.  13 (1), pp.157-180.

Palmer, J. 2009. Seeing and knowing: ultrasound images in the contemporary abortion debate. Feminist theory. . 10 (2), pp.173-189.

Petchesky, R.P. 1990. Abortion and woman’s choice : the state, sexuality, and reproductive freedom. Boston: Northeastern University Press.

Rocha, J. 2012. Autonomous abortions: the inhibiting of women’s autonomy through legal ultrasound requirements. Kennedy Institute of Ethics journal. . 22 (1), pp.35-58.

Sanger, C. 2008. Seeing and believing: mandatory ultrasound and the path to a protected choice. UCLA Law Review . 56 (2), pp.351-408.

Sarkaria, M.K. 2009. Lessons from Punjab’s "missing girls": toward a global feminist perspective on "choice" in abortion. California Law Review . 97 (3), pp.905-942.

Saul, J.M. 2003. Feminism : issues & arguments . Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Sharp, K. and Earle, S. 2002. Feminism, abortion and disability: irreconcilable differences? Disability & society. . 17 (2), pp.137-145.

Staggenborg, S. 1991. The pro-choice movement : organization and activism in the abortion conflict . Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Thomson, J.J. 1971. A Defense of Abortion. Philosophy & public affairs. . 1 (1), pp.47-66.

Tooley, M. 2009. Abortion : three perspectives . Oxford;New York;: Oxford University Press.

Usborne, C. 2005. Rebellious girls and pitiable women: abortion narratives in Weimar popular culture. German history. . 23 (3), pp.321-338.

Warren, M.A. 2000. Moral status : obligations to persons and other living things . Oxford: Oxford University Press.

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Topic 5: Sexualisation debates

Key Reading

Gill, R. 2009. Beyond the `sexualization of culture' thesis: an intersectional analysis of `sixpacks',`midriffs' and `hot lesbians' in advertising. Sexualities.  . 12 (2), pp.137-160.

Rubin, G. 1984. Thinking sex: notes for a radical theory of the politics of sexuality. In: Nardi, P.M. and Schneider, B.E. eds. Social perspectives in lesbian and gay studies : a reader . London: Routledge, pp.100-133.

Further Readings

Attwood, F. 2002. Reading porn: the paradigm shift in pornography research. Sexualities. . 5 (1), pp.91–105.

Attwood, F. 2006. Sexed up: theorizing the sexualization of culture. Sexualities. . 9 (1), pp.77-94.

Attwood, F. 2009. Mainstreaming sex : the sexualization of Western culture . London: I.B. Taurus.

Attwood, F. 2010. Sexualization, sex and manners. Sexualities. . 13(6), pp. 742-745.

Eck, B. 2003. Men are much harder: gendered viewing of nude images. Gender & society.  . 17 (5), pp.691-710.

Gill, R. and Scharff, C. 2013. New femininities : postfeminism, neoliberalism and subjectivity . Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Lerum, K. 2009. 'Bad girls rule': an interdisciplinary feminist commentary on the report of the APA task force on the sexualization of girls. The Journal of sex research. . 46(4), pp.250-263.

Levy, A. 2006 . Female chauvinist pigs: women and the rise of raunch culture . London: Pocket.

McNair, B. 2002. Striptease culture : sex, media and the democratization of desire . London: Routledge.

O’Toole, L. 1999. Pornocopia : porn, sex, technology, and desire  . London: Serpent’s Tail.

Paasonen, S., Nikunen, K. and Saarenmaa, L. eds. 2007. Pornification : sex and sexuality in media culture  .  Oxford: Berg.

Phipps, A. 2014. The politics of the body : gender in a neoliberal and neoconservative age . Cambridge: Polity.

Railton, D. and Watson, P. 2007 ‘Sexed Authorship and Pornographic Address in Music Video’, in S. Paasonen, K. Nikunen, and L. Saarenmaa (eds.)  Pornification : sex and sexuality in media culture , Berg

Seidman, S. 1991. Romantic longings : love in America, 1830-1980  . New York: Routledge.

Storr, M. 2003. Latex and lingerie : shopping for pleasure at Ann Summers parties. Oxford: Berg .

Vance, C. S. 1992. Pleasure and danger : exploring female sexuality . London: Pandora Press.

Walter, N. 2010. Living dolls : the return of sexism . London: Virago.

Williams, L. 2004. Porn studies: proliferating pornographies on/scene. In: Williams, L. ed. Porn studies . London: Duke University Press.

Wouters, C. 2004. Sex and manners : female emancipation in the West, 1890-2000 . London: Sage.

Wouters, C. 2010. Sexualization: Have sexualization processes changed direction? Sexualities. . 13(6), pp.723-741.

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Topic 6: Violence and patriarchy

Key Reading

Lips, H.M. 2014. Gender : the basics . Abingdon: Routledge. (chapter 'Global patterns of gender-related violence')

Hunnicutt, G. 2009. Varieties of patriarchy and violence against women: resurrecting “patriarchy” as a theoretical tool. Violence against women. . 15 (5), pp.553-573.

Further Reading on Patriarchy

Barton, M. 2012. Wrestling with imperial patriarchy. Feminist theology.  . 21 (1), pp.7-25.

Brownmiller, S. 1993. Against our will: men, women and rape . New York: Fawcett Columbine.

Beechey, V. 1979. On patriarchy. Feminist review. . 3 (1), pp.66-82.

Carrington, K. 1998. Postmodernism and feminist criminologies: fragmenting the criminological subject. The new criminology revisited . Springer, pp.76-97.

Connell, R.W. 1990. The state, gender, and sexual politics. Theory and society. . 19 (Oct 90), pp.507-544.

Daly, M. 1979. Gyn/ecology: the metaethics of radical feminism . London: Women's Press.

Farrelly, C. 2011. Patriarchy and historical materialism. Hypatia.  . 26 (1), pp.1-21.

Firestone, S. 1979. The dialectic of sex: the case for feminist revolution . London: Women’s Press.

Kandiyoti, D. 1988. Bargaining with patriarchy. Gender & society. . 2 (3), pp.274-290.

MacKinnon, C.A. 1987. Feminism unmodified : discourses on life and law  . Cambridge, Mass;London;: Harvard University Press.

Millett, K. 1971. Sexual politics . London: Rupert Hart-Davis Ltd.

Walby, S. 1990. Theorizing patriarchy  . Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Wolpe, A. and Kuhn, A. 1978. Feminism and materialism : women and modes of production  . London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Further Reading on Violence

Anderson, K.L. and Umberson, D. 2001. Gendering violence: masculinity and power in men’s accounts of domestic violence. Gender & society. . 15 (3), pp.358-380.

Brison, S. 2000. Aftermath : violence and the remaking of a self . Princeton.

Burkett, M. and Hamilton, K. 2012. Postfeminist sexual agency: young women’s negotiations of sexual consent. Sexualities. . 15 (7), pp.815-833.

Clisby, S. and Holdsworth, J. 2016. Gendering women : identity and mental wellbeing through the lifecourse . Bristol: Policy Press.

Connell, R.W. 2003. Masculinities, change, and conflict in global society: thinking about the future of men’s studies. Journal of Men’s Studies. 11 (3), pp.249-266. Available at: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.3149/jms.1103.249

Grewal, I. 2013. Outsourcing patriarchy. International feminist journal of politics. . 15 (1), pp.1-19.

Hanmer, J. and Maynard, M. eds. 1987. Women, violence and social control . Basingstoke: Macmillan.

Hearn, J. 1994. The organization (s) of violence: men, gender relations, organizations, and violences. Human relations. . 47 (6), pp.731-754.

Hearn, J. 2012. A multifaceted power analysis of men’s violence to known women: from hegemonic masculinity to the hegemony of men. The sociological review.  . 60 (4), pp.589-610.

Heidensohn, F. 2000. Sexual politics and social control . Open Univ Pr.

Jackson, S. 2001. Happily never after: young women’s stories of abuse in heterosexual love relationships. Feminism & psychology. . 11 (3), pp.305-321.

Kelly, L. 1987. The continuum of sexual violence. In: Hanmer, J. and Maynard, M. eds. Women, violence and social control . Basingstoke: Macmillan, pp.46-60.

Kelly, L. 1988. Surviving sexual violence . Cambridge: Polity.

Kelly, L. 2015. Violence against women. In: Robinson, V. and Richardson, D. eds. Introducing gender and women’s studies . 4th ed. London: Palgrave pp.114-131.

Kelly, L. and Rehman, Y. 2016. Moving in the shadows : violence in the lives of minority women and children . Taylor & Francis.

Lees, S. 1996. Ruling passions : sexual violence, reputation, and the law ISBN: 0335196136 (pbk) : No price; 0335196144 . Philadelphia, Pa;Buckingham;: Open University Press.

McCarry, M. 2007. Masculinity studies and male violence: Critique or collusion? Women's studies international forum. . 30 (5), pp.404-415.

Naffine, N. 1997. Feminism and criminology . Cambridge: Polity Press.

Purohit, H., Banerjee, T., Hampton, A., Shalin, V.L., Bhandutia, N. and Sheth, A. 2016. Gender-based violence in 140 characters or fewer: A #BigData case study of Twitter. First Monday . 21 (1-4).

Stark, E. 2009. Coercive control : the entrapment of women in personal life . Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Walby, S., Towers, J. and Francis, B. 2016. Is violent crime increasing or decreasing? A new methodology to measure repeat attacks making visible the significance of gender and domestic relations. British journal of criminology.  56 (6), pp.1203-1234.

Whitehead, A. 2005. Man to man violence: how masculinity may work as a dynamic risk factor. Howard Journal of Criminal Justice. . 44 (4), pp.411-422.

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Topic 7: Masculinities and privilege

Key Reading

Connell, R. 1995. Masculinities . Cambridge: Polity. (chapter: ‘The Social Organization of Masculinity’) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Nayak, A. 2006. Displaced masculinities: chavs, youth and class in the post-industrial city. Sociology.  . 40 (5), pp.813-831.

Key Watching

Grayson Perry: All Man. Grayson Perry considers modern masculinities by talking to men in the North East, Skelmersdale and the City of London. All three episodes are available on YouTube, each around an hour long. Use the episode guide to choose which one to watch: ( http://www.channel4.com/programmes/grayson-perry-all-man )

Further Reading

Aavik, K. 2015. ‘The most important decisions are made in the sauna’: the role of social capital in creating intersectional privilege in the career narratives of Estonian male managers. NORMA : international journal for masculinity studies.  10 (1), pp.39-54.

Alexander, B. K. 2006. Performing Black masculinity : race, culture, and queer identity . Lanham: Altamira Press.

Archer, L. 2001. ‘Muslim Brothers, Black Lads, Traditional Asians’: British Muslim Young Men’s Constructions of Race, Religion and Masculinity. Feminism & psychology. . 11 (1), pp.79-105.

Barnes, L.W. and Munsch, C.L. 2015. The paradoxical privilege of men and masculinity in institutional review boards. Feminist Studies. . 41 (3), pp.594-622.

Beynon, J. 2002. Masculinities and culture . Milton Keynes: Open University Press.

Brann, M. and Himes, K.L. 2010. Perceived Credibility of Male versus Female Television Newscasters. Communication research reports . 27(3), pp.243 – 252.

Braziel, J. E. 2008. Artists, performers, and black masculinity in the Haitian diaspora . Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

Brod, H. and Kaufman, M. eds. 1994. Theorizing masculinities . London: Sage.

Buchbinder, D. 2013. Studying men and masculinities . London: Routledge.

Cameron, D. 1997. Performing gender identity: young men’s talk and the construction of heterosexual masculinity. In: Jaworski, A. and Coupland, N. eds. The discourse reader . London: Routledge.

Canaan, J.E. 1991. Is “doing nothing” just boys’ play? Integrating feminist and cultural studies perspectives on working-class young men’s masculinity. In: Franklin, S., et al. eds. Off-centre : feminism and cultural studies . London: Routledge.

Carby, H.V. 1998. Race men  . London: Harvard University Press.

Carrigan, T., Connell, B. and Lee, J. 1985. Toward a new sociology of masculinity. Theory and society. . 14 (5), pp.551-604.

Chapman, R. and Rutherford, J. eds. 1988. Male Order : unwrapping masculinity  . London: Lawrence & Wishart.

Cohn, C. 1993. Wars, wimps and women: talking gender and thinking war. In: Cooke, M. ed. Gendering war talk . Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp.227-246.

Connell, R.W. 1997. Hegemonic masculinity and emphasized femininity. In: Richardson, L., et al. eds. Feminist frontiers IV . New York: McGraw-Hill, pp.22-25.

Connell, R.W. 2003. Masculinities, change, and conflict in global society: thinking about the future of men’s studies. Journal of Men’s Studies. 11 (3), pp.249-266. Avaiulable at: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.3149/jms.1103.249

Connell, R.W. 2005. Masculinities . Cambridge: Polity.

Connell, R.W. and Messerschmidt, J.W. 2005. Hegemonic masculinity: rethinking the concept. Gender & society.  . 19 (6), pp.829-859.

Coston, B.M. and Kimmel, M. 2012. Seeing privilege where it isn’t: marginalized masculinities and the intersectionality of privilege. The journal of social issues. . 68 (1), pp.97-111.

Currier, D.M. 2013. Strategic ambiguity: protecting emphasized femininity and hegemonic masculinity in the hookup culture. Gender & society.  . 27 (5), pp.704-727.

Davis, J.E. 2001. Transgressing the masculine: African American boys and the failure of schools. In: Martino, W. and Meyen, B. eds. What about the boys? : issues of masculinity in schools . Buckingham: Open University Press, pp.140-153.

De Boise, S. 2015. Men, masculinity, music and emotions . New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Demetriou, D.Z. 2001. Connell’s concept of hegemonic masculinity: a critique. Theory and society. . 30 (3), pp.337-361.

Doy, G. 2000. Black visual culture : modernity and postmodernity . London: I. B. Taurus.

Easthope, A. 1990 What a Man's Gotta Do: the Masculine Myth in Popular Culture . Boston: Unwin Hyman.

Edwards, T. (2006) Cultures of masculinity . London: Routledge.

Frosh, S., Phoenix, A. and Pattman, R. 2001. Young masculinities : understanding boys in contemporary society . Basingstoke: Palgrave.

Garlick, S. 2003. What is a man? : heterosexuality and the technology of masculinity. Men and masculinities. . 6 (2), pp.156-172.

Halberstam, J. 1998. Female masculinity . Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Hearn, J. 2004. From hegemonic masculinity to the hegemony of men. Feminist theory.  5 (1), pp.49-72.

Hearn, J. 2014. Men, masculinities and the material(-)discursive. NORMA : international journal for masculinity studies. . 9 (1), pp.5-17.

Hearn, J. and Kimmel, M.S. 2006. Changing studies on men and masculinities. In: Davis, K., et al. eds. Handbook of gender and women's studies . London: Sage, pp.53-71.

Hearn, J. and Morgan, D.H.J. 2015. Men, masculinities & social theory. London: Routledge.

Hill Collins, P. 2004. Black sexual politics: African Americans, gender, and the new racism . London: Routledge. (chapter 5: ‘Booty Call: Sex, Violence and Images of Black Masculinity’)

hooks, b. 2004. We real cool : black men and masculinity . London: Routledge.

Jackson, R. L. 2006. Scripting the Black masculine body : identity, discourse, and racial politics in popular media . Albany: SUNY Press.

Kimmel, M.S., Hearn, J. and Connell, R.W. 2004. Handbook of studies on men & masculinities . London: Sage.

Mac an Ghaill, M. 1994. (In)visibility: sexuality, race and masculinity in the school context. In: Epstein, D. ed. Challenging lesbian and gay inequalities in education . Buckingham: Open University Press, pp.152-176.

Mac An Ghaill, M. 1996. ‘What about the boys? ’: schooling, class and crisis masculinity. The sociological review. . 44 (3), pp.381-397.

Maclean, K. 2016. Gender, risk and the Wall Street Alpha Male. Journal of gender studies.  25 (4), pp.427-444.

Nama, A. 2011. Super black : American pop culture and black superheroes . Austin: University of Texas Press.

Neal, M.A. 2013. Looking for Leroy : illegible black masculinities . New York: New York University Press.

Nixon, S. 2003. Hard looks: masculinities, spectatorship and contemporary consumption . London: Routledge.

Reddock, R. E. ed. 2004. Interrogating Caribbean masculinities : theoretical and empirical analyses . Kingston, Jamaica: University of the West Indies Press.

Richardson, R. 2007. Black masculinity and the U.S. South : from Uncle Tom to gangsta . Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press.

Robinson, V. 2015. Men, masculinities and feminism. In: Robinson, V. and Richardson, D. eds. Introducing gender and women's studies . 4th ed. London: Palgrave pp.58-75.

Sharpley-Whiting, T. 2007. Pimps up, ho's down : hip hop's hold on young Black women . New York: New York University Press.

Walcott, R. 2009. Reconstructing manhood; or the drag of Black masculinity. Small axe. . 13 (1), pp.75-89.

Whitehead, A. 2005. Man to man violence: how masculinity may work as a dynamic risk factor. Howard Journal of Criminal Justice. . 44 (4), pp.411-422.

Whitehead, S. and Barrett, F.J. 2001. The masculinities reader . Cambridge: Polity Press.

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Topic 8: Capitalism

Key Reading

Budgeon, S. 2015. Individualized femininity and feminist politics of choice. The European journal of women's studies. . 22 (3), pp.303-318.

Jensen, T. and Ringrose, J. 2014. Sluts that choose vs doormat gypsies: exploring affect in the postfeminist, visual moral economy of My Big Fat Gypsy Wedding. Feminist Media Studies . 14 (3), pp.369-387.

Further Reading on neoliberalism, post- and postfeminism

Allen, K. 2014. ‘Blair's children’: young women as ‘aspirational subjects’ in the psychic landscape of class. The sociological review. . 62 (4), pp.760-779.

Allen, K., Tyler, I. and De Benedictis, S. 2014. Thinking with 'White Dee': the gender politics of 'austerity porn'. Sociological research online. . 19 (3).

Baer, H. 2016. Redoing feminism: digital activism, body politics, and neoliberalism. Feminist Media Studies . 16 (1), pp.17-34.

Belliappa, J. 2013. Gender, class and reflexive modernity in India . Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Binnie, J. 2014. Neoliberalism, class, gender and lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer politics in Poland. International journal of politics, culture and society. . 27 (2), pp.241-257.

Brooks, A. 1997. Postfeminisms : feminism, cultural theory, and cultural forms . London: Routledge.

Butler, J. 2013. For White girls only? Postfeminism and the politics of inclusion. Feminist formations  . 25 (1), p35.

Carter, J. and Duncan, S. 2016. Wedding paradoxes: individualized conformity and the ‘perfect day’. The sociological review. . online .

Dosekun, S. 2015. For Western girls only? : Post-feminism as transnational culture. Feminist Media Studies . 15 (6), pp.960-975.

Evans, E. 2015. The politics of third wave feminisms : neoliberalism, intersectionality and the state in Britain and the US . Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan.

Genz, S. 2009. Postfemininities in popular culture . New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Gill, R. 2007. Gender and the media . Cambridge: Polity.

Gill, R. 2007. Postfeminist media culture: elements of a sensibility. European Journal of Cultural Studies  . 10 (2), pp.147-166.

Gill, R. 2008. Empowerment/Sexism: Figuring Female Sexual Agency in Contemporary Advertising. Feminism & psychology. . 18 (1), pp.35-60.

Gill, R. 2011. Sexism reloaded, or, it's time to get angry again! Feminist Media Studies . 11 (01), pp.61-71.

Gill, R. and Scharff, C. 2011. New femininities : postfeminism, neoliberalism and subjectivity . Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

McDowell, L. 2010. Capital culture revisited: sex, testosterone and the city. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research  34 (3), pp.652-658.

Maclean, K. 2016. Gender, risk and the Wall Street Alpha Male. Journal of gender studies. . 25 (4), pp.427-444.

McRobbie, A. 2004. Post‐feminism and popular culture. Feminist Media Studies . 4 (3), pp.255-264.

McRobbie, A. 2009. The aftermath of feminism : gender, culture and social change . London: Sage.

Orgad, S. and De Benedictis, S. 2015. The ‘stay-at-home’ mother, postfeminism and neoliberalism: Content analysis of UK news coverage. European journal of communication.  . 30 (4), pp.418-436.

Penny, L. 2011. Meat market : female flesh under capitalism  . Winchester: Zero Books.

Phipps, A. and Young, I. 2015. Neoliberalisation and ‘lad cultures’ in higher education. Sociology. . 49 (2), pp.305-322.

Reay, D. 2004. Gendering Bourdieu's concepts of capitals? Emotional capital, women and social class. In: Adkins, L. and Skeggs, B. eds. Feminism after Bourdieu . Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, pp.57-74.

Ringrose, J. 2013. Postfeminist education? : girls and the sexual politics of schooling  . London: Routledge.

Rottenberg, C. 2013. The rise of neoliberal feminism. Cultural studies.  . 28 (3), pp.418-437.

Savigny, H. and Sleight, S. 2015. Postfeminism and heavy metal in the United Kingdom: sexy or sexist? Metal music studies. . 1 (3), pp.341-357.

Scharff, C. 2011. Disarticulating feminism: individualization, neoliberalism and the othering of ‘Muslim women’. The European journal of women's studies.  18 (2), pp.119-134.

Scharff, C. 2012. Repudiating feminism : young women in a neoliberal world . Farnham: Ashgate.

Skeggs, B. 1997. Formations of class and gender : becoming respectable . London: Sage.

Skeggs, B. 2004. Class, self, culture . London: Routledge.

Tasker, Y. and Negra, D. 2007. Interrogating postfeminism : gender and the politics of popular culture . Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press.

Tyler, I. 2013. Revolting subjects : social abjection and resistance in neoliberal Britain . London: Zed Books.

van Hooff, J.H. 2011. Rationalising inequality: heterosexual couples' explanations and justifications for the division of housework along traditionally gendered lines. Journal of gender studies.  . 20 (1), pp.19-30.

Walkerdine, V. 2003. Reclassifying upward mobility: femininity and the neo-liberal subject. Gender and education. . 15 (3), pp.237-248.

Further Reading on Marxist, materialist and socialist feminism

Barrett, M. 1988. Women's oppression today : the marxist / feminist encounter . London: Verso.

Delphy, C. 1977. The main enemy : a materialist analysis of women's oppression . London: Women's Research and Resources Centre Publications.

Delphy, C. and Leonard, D. 1984. Close to home: a materialist analysis of women's oppression . Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.

Engels, F. and Barrett, M. 1985. The origin of the family, private property and the state . Harmondsworth: Penguin.

Hartmann, H. 1982. Capitalism, patriarchy, and job segregation by sex. Signs.  Springer.

Hartmann, H. 1997. The unhappy marriage of Marxism and feminism: towards a more progressive union. In: Nicholson, L. ed. The second wave : a reader in feminist theory . New York and London: Routledge, pp.97-122.

Jackson, S. 1998. Feminist social theory. In: Jackson, S. and Jones, J. eds. Contemporary feminist theories . Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, pp.12-33.

Jackson, S. 2001. Why a materialist feminism is (still) possible—and necessary. Women's studies international forum. . 24 (3), pp.283-293.

Rowbotham, S. 1972. Women, resistance and revolution  . London: Allen Lane.

Rowbotham, S. 1973. Hidden from history: 300 years of women's oppression and the fight against it . London: Pluto Press Ltd.

Rowbotham, S., Segal, L. and Wainwright, H. 2013. Beyond the fragments: feminism and the making of socialism . Pontypool: The Merlin Press Ltd.

Wolpe, A. and Kuhn, A. 1978. Feminism and materialism : women and modes of production . London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

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Topic 9: Colonialism

Key Reading

McClintock, A. 1995. Imperial Leather . London: Routledge. (chapter 1: ‘The Lay of the Land’)

Combahee River Collective. 1981. A Black Feminist Statement. In: Nicholson L. ed. The second wave : a reader in feminist theory  . London: Routledge. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Further Reading

Afshar, H. and Maynard, M. eds. 1994. The dynamics of "race" and gender : some feminist interventions . London: Taylor and Francis.

Ahmed, S. 2000. Strange encounters : embodied others in post-coloniality . London: Routledge.

Ahmed, S. 2009. Embodying diversity: problems and paradoxes for Black feminists. Race, ethnicity and education. . 12 (1), pp.41-52.

Ahmed, S. 2009. The language of diversity. Ethnic and racial studies. . 30 (2), pp.235-256.

Avtar B. 1996. Cartographies of diaspora : contesting identities . London: Routledge.

Bilge, S. 2010. Beyond subordination vs. resistance: an intersectional approach to the agency of veiled Muslim women . Journal of intercultural studies. . 31 , pp.9-28.

Brah, A. and Phoenix, A. 2004. Ain’t i a woman? Revisiting intersectionality. Journal of international women's studies [electronic resource].  . 5 (3), pp.75-86.

Carter, J. B. 2007. The heart of whiteness : normal sexuality and race in America, 1880-1940 . Durham: Duke University Press.

Chowdhry, M. 1995. Shooting the shots: lesbians of African and Asian descent in the Media. In: Mason-John, V. ed. Talking black : lesbians of African and Asian descent speak out  . Cassell: London.

Collins, P. 2004. Black sexual politics : African Americans, gender, and the new racism . London: Routledge.

Davies, A. 1989. Women, culture and politics . New York: Kandan.

Davis, K. 2008. Intersectionality as buzzword: a sociology of science perspective on what makes a feminist theory successful. Feminist theory. . 9 (1), pp.67-85.

Droogsma, R.A. 2007. Redefining hijab: American Muslim women's standpoints on veiling. Journal of applied communication research. . 35 (3), pp.294-319.

Dyer, R. 1997. White . London: Routledge.

Elouafi, A. 2009. The colour of Orientalism: race and narratives of discovery in Tunisia. Ethnic and racial studies. . 33 (22), pp.253-271.

Essed, P. and Trienekens, S. 2007. "Who wants to feel white? " Race, Dutch culture and contested identities. Ethnic and racial studies. . 31 (1), pp.52-72.

Fanon, F. 1986. Black skin, white masks . London: Pluto.

Frankenburg, R. 1993. White Women, race matters: the social construction of whiteness . London: Routledge.

hooks, b. 1982. Ain’t I a woman: black women and feminism . London: Pluto.

hooks, b. 1992. Black looks: race and representation . London: Turnaround.

James, J. and Sharley-Whiting, T. D. 2000. The Black feminist reader  Oxford: Blackwell.

Levine, P. 2000. Orientalist Sociology and the creation of colonial sexualities. Feminist review. . 65 (Summer), pp.5-21.

Lorde, A. 1994. The master’s tools will never dismantle the master’s house. In: Evans, M. ed. The woman question . London: Sage.

Lourde, A. 1984. Sister outsider . Freedom CA: The Crossing Press.

Mercer, K. and Julien, I. 1988. Race, sexual politics and black masculinity. In: Chapman, R. and Rutherford, J. eds. Male Order : unwrapping masculinity . London: Lawrence and Wishart.

Mirza, H. S. 1992. Young, female, and black . London: Routledge.

Mirza, H. S. 2009. Plotting a history: black and postcolonial feminisms in ‘new times’. Race, ethnicity and education. . 12 (1), pp.1-10.

Mohanty, C. T. 1991. Third World women and the politics of feminism . Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Mohanty, C. T. 2003. Transnational feminist crossings: on neoliberalism and radical critique. Signs. . 38 (4), pp.967-911.

Moraga, C. and Anzaldua, G. eds. 1981. This bridge called my back . Watertown MA: Persephone Press.

Said, E. 2003. Orientalism . London: Penguin Books.

Semati, M. 2010. Islamophobia, culture and race in the age of Empire. Cultural studies.  . 24 (2), pp.256-275.

Spivak, G. 1988. Can the subaltern speak? . In: Nelson, C. and Grossberg, L. eds. Marxism and the interpretation of culture . Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Suleri, S. 1992. Woman skin deep: feminism and the postcolonial condition. Critical inquiry. . 18 (4), pp.756-769.

Ware, V and Back L. 2002 Out of whiteness : color, politics, and culture . Chicago: Chicago University Press.

Warev V. 1991. Beyond the pale : white women, racism, and history . London: Verso.

Wray, M. 2006. Not quite white : white trash and the boundaries of whiteness . Durham: Duke University Press.

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Topic 10: International feminisms

Key Reading

hooks, b. 1981. Ain’t I a woman? : black women and feminism . Boston: South End Press. (chapter 2: ‘Continued Devaluation of Black Womanhood’)

Peoples, W. 2008. "Under Construction": Identifying foundations of hip-hop feminism and exploring bridges between Black second wave and hip-hop feminisms. Meridians: feminism, race, transnationalism . 8 (1), pp.19-52.

Further Reading

Alexander J. and Mohanty C. eds. 2001. Feminist genealogies, colonial legacies, democratic futures . London: Routledge.

Anzaldua, G. 1999. Borderlands = La Frontera . San Francisco: Aunt Lute Books.

Anzaldua, G., Keating, A. L. 2009. The Gloria Anzaldúa reader . Cambridge, MA: Duke.

Arredondo, G., Hurtado, A. and Klahn, N. 2003. Chicana feminisms : a critical reader . Durham: Duke University Press.

Brah, A. and Phoenix, A. 2004. Ain't I a woman? Revisiting intersectionality. Journal of international women's studies [electronic resource].  . 5 (3), pp.75-86.

Collins, P. 2008. Black feminist thought: knowledge, consciousness and the politics of empowerment . London: Routledge.

Crenshaw, K. 1989. Demarginalizing the intersection of race and sex: a black feminist critique of antidiscrimination doctrine, feminist theory and antiracist politics. University of Chicago Legal Forum . 1989 (1), pp.139-167.

Das, A. 2010. Toward a politics of the (im)possible : the body in third world feminisms . India: Anthem Press.

Davies, A. 1981. Women, race and class . New York: Random House.

Erel, U, Gutiérrez Rodríguez, E. Haritaworn, J. and Klesse, C. 2008. On the depoliticisation of intersectionality talk. Conceptualising multiple oppressions in critical sexuality studies. In: Kuntsman A. and Miyake, E. eds. Out of place : interrogating silences in queerness/raciality  York: Raw Nerve Books.

Garcia, A. ed. 1997. Chicana feminist thought : the basic historical writings . London: Routledge.

Gillman, L. 2010. Unassimilable feminisms : reappraising feminist, womanist, and mestiza identity politics . London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Hill-Collins, P. 1990. Black feminist thought: knowledge, consciousness and the politics of empowerment . New York: Routledge.

Hirschmann, N. J. 1999. Difference as an occasion for rights: a feminist rethinking of rights, liberalism, and difference. Critical review of international social and political philosophy. 2 (1), pp.27-55.

hooks, b. 1981. Ain't I a woman : black women and feminism . Boston: South End Press Collective.

hooks, b. 1984. Feminist theory : from margin to centre. Boston: South End Press.

Hull, G., Scott, P. and Smith, B. eds. 1982. All the women are White, all the Blacks are men, but some of us are brave : Black women's studies  , New York: The Feminist Press.

Hurtado, A. 2003 Voicing Chicana feminisms : young women speak out on sexuality and identity  . New York: New York University Press.

Lorde, A. 1984. Sister outsider : essays and speeches . California: The Crossing Press Feminist Series.

Lorde, A. 1994 . Age, race, class and sex: women redefining difference . In: Evans, M. The woman question . London: Sage. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

McCann, C. Kim, S. eds. 2013. Feminist theory reader: local and global perspectives . New York: Routledge.

McLaughlin, J. 2003. Feminist social and political theory : contemporary debates and dialogues  Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Mirza, H. S. ed. 1997. Black British feminism : a reader . London: Routledge.

Moghadam , V. M 2002. Islamic feminism and its discontents: toward a resolution of the debate. Signs. . 27 (4), pp.1135-1171.

Moghadam , V. M. 1994. Identity politics and women : cultural reassertions and feminisms in international perspective  . Boulder: Westview Press.

Mohanty, C., Russo, A. and Torres, L 1998. Third world women and the politics of feminism . Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

Mohanty, C.T. 2003. Feminism without borders : decolonizing theory, practicing solidarity . Durham: Duke University Press.

Moraga, C and Anzaldúa G. eds. 1993. This bridge called my back : writings by radical women of color  . New York: Kitchen Table Women of Color Press.

Narayan, U. 1997. Contesting cultures: “Westernization,” respect for cultures and Third World feminists. In: Nicholson, L. ed. The second wave : a reader in feminist theory , London: Routledge.

Narayan, U. 1997. Dislocating cultures : identities, traditions, and Third-World feminism . London: Routledge.

Ogundipe-Leslie, M. 1994. Re-creating ourselves : African women & critical transformations . New Jersey: African World Press Inc.

Okin, S. M. 1998. Feminism, women's human rights, and cultural differences  Hypatia. . 13 (2), pp.32 - 52.

Phoenix, A. 2011. Re-narrating feminist stories: black British women and transatlantic feminisms. In: Davis, K. and Evans, M. eds. Transatlantic conversations : feminism as travelling theory . Abingdon: Ashgate.

Roth, B. 2003. Separate roads to feminism : Black, Chicana, and White feminist movements in America's second wave . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Rupp, L. J. and Taylor, V. 1999. Forging feminist identity in an international movement: a collective identity approach to twentieth-century feminism. Signs. . 24( 2), pp.363-386.

Rupp, L. J. 1997. Worlds of women : the making of an international women's movement . Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

Smith, B. ed. 1983. Home girls: a Black feminist anthology . New York: Kitchen Table Women of Color Press.

Sperling, V., Ferree, M. M. and Risman, B. 2001. Constructing global feminism: transnational advocacy networks and Russian women's activism. Signs. . 26 (4), pp. 1155-1186.

Stefano, D. C. 1990. Dilemmas of difference: feminism, modernity, and postmodernism. In: Nicholson, L. ed. Feminism/Postmodernism . London: Routledge.

Weir, A. 2008. Global feminism and transformative identity politics. Hypatia. . 23 (4), pp.110-133.

This list was last updated on 24/04/2017