Leeds University Library

Indicative Bibliography for Theology, Religion and Gender

Contemporary Issues in Religion and Gender, 2017/18, Semester 2
Dr Caroline Starkey
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Week 1: Introduction – Dr Rachel Muers (RM)

Top of page

Week 2: Religion, Gender and Postcolonial Questions RM

This seminar focuses on the intersections between feminist critiques of religion and postcolonial movements and theories. We consider two critical accounts of the representation of non-Western women in feminist and nationalist reconfigurations of religion.


Further suggested reading:

· Useful overview of issues relevant to this seminar and the following one: Sara Salem, ‘Feminist critique and Islamic feminism: the question of intersectionality’, The Postcolonialist 1/1: http://postcolonialist.com/civil-discourse/feminist-critique-and-islamic-feminism-the-question-of-intersectionality/

· Sian Hawthorne, ‘Displacements: Religion, Gender and the Catechrestic Demands of Postcoloniality’, Religion and gender. 3/2 (2013)

Top of page

Week 3: Women, Religion, Empowerment and Agency RM

Prescribed reading:

· Chapter 1 ‘The Subject of Freedom’ in Mahmood, S (2005) Politics of Piety: The Islamic Revival and the Feminist Subject. Princeton University Press: Princeton and Oxford. (This is available in the library and also as an e-book from the library catalogue). If you have time, the final chapter of this book is also very informative.

· Bradley, T. 2009. Physical Religious Spaces in the Lives of Rajasthani Village Women: The ethnographic study and practice of religion in development. Journal of human development and capabilities.. 10, 1. 43-61.

Further reading

Mahmood’s work has provoked a great deal of comment and discussion. See the “further suggested reading” above.

Top of page

Week 4:Gender, religion and the implications of secularism (RM)

  • NiamhReilly (2011) ‘Rethinking the interplay of feminism and secularism in a neo-secular age’ Feminist review. 97(1): 5–31.
  • Shahra Razavi and Anne Jenichen (2010) ‘An Introduction. The Unhappy Marriage of Religion and Politics: Problems and Pitfalls for Gender Equality’ Third world quarterly. 31:6, 8333-850.

Further reading Useful discussion of UK equality legislation as it relates to religion and gender:

· Moira Dustin (2012) ‘Deference or Interrogation?: Contrasting Models for Reconciling Religion and Gender Equality’, Religion and gender. 2/1

Top of page

Week 5: Gender and the Re-interpretation of Traditions: Women Reading “Sacred Texts” RM


- Rachel Muers, Randi Rashkover and Ayesha S. Chaudhry, ‘Women Reading Texts on Marriage’, Feminist theology. 17/2 (2009)

o For additional material on approaches to the Qur’an texts discussed, see Ayesha S. Chaudhry, ‘ “I Wanted One Thing and God Wanted Another…”: The Dilemma of the Prophetic Example and the Qur’anic Injunction on Wife-Beating’, Journal of religious ethics. 39/3 (2011), pp. 416-439.

- Alice Bach, ‘Introduction’ in Alice Bach ed. Women in the Hebrew Bible : a reader (Routledge, 1999), pp. xiii-xxvi.

Top of page

Week 6: Men, Masculinities and Religion: Case study on African Pentecostalism

Studies of religion and gender have long focused on women. However, there is an emerging study of men, masculinities and religion. This seminar introduces some of the questions and debates in this body of scholarship. We look at some recent scholarship on men and masculinities in African contexts, particularly in Pentecostal Christianity. This will cause us to reflect on the methodological question how to analyse and evaluate religious discourses and politics on masculinity.


Top of page

Week 7: Gender, Religion and Public Policy: Case study on ‘Honour-Based’ Violence

Guest lecture by Ms Saima Afzal (see http://sasolutions.info/aboutus/saima-afzal)

Readings to be announced

Top of page

Week 8: Women, religion and reproductive rights – Professor Emma Tomalin

Top of page

Week 9: Women and Buddhism – Professor Emma Tomalin

Prescribed reading:

· Mueke, M.A. 1992: Mother Sold Food, Daughter Sells her Body – the Cultural Continuity of Prostitution’.Social science & medicine. 35, (7), 891-901.

· Peach, L. J. 2000: Human Rights, Religion and (Sexual) Slavery. Annual of the Society of Christian Ethics 20, 65-87

· Tomalin, E. 2006. The Thai Bhikkhuni Movement and Women’s Empowerment. Gender and development.. 14, 3, 385-397.

Top of page

Week 10: Gender, Sexuality and the Re-interpretation of Traditions: Feminist and Queer Theology/ies RM

- Marcella Althaus-Reid, “On Wearing Skirts without Underwear: Poor Women Contesting Christ”, in From feminist theology to indecent theology : readings on poverty, sexual identity and God (London: SCM, 2004), pp. 83-94

- Linda Woodhead, "Sex and Secularisation", in Gerard Loughlin ed., Queer theology : rethinking the western body (Blackwell, 2007), pp. 230-245

Top of page

Other suggested reading

General – feminism, gender and religion

- Anderson, Pamela Sue 1998: A feminist philosophy of religion : the rationality and myths of religious belief . Oxford: Blackwell.

- Carroll, Theodora Foster 1983: Women, religion, and development in the Third World . New York Eastbourne: Praeger.

- Cooey, Paula M., William R. Eakin, Jay B. McDaniel (eds) 1998: After patriarchy: feminist transformations of the world religions . Oxford, Mass: Blackwell.

-Daly, Mary 1973: Beyond God the Father : towards a philosophy of women's liberation

- Eck, Diana L. and Devaki Jain (eds) 1986: Speaking of faith : cross-cultural perspectives on women, religion and social change . London: Women's Press.

-Goldenberg, Naomi R. 1979: Changing of the gods : feminism and the end of traditional religions . Boston, Mass: Beacon Press.

- Gross, Rita M. (ed.)1977: Beyond androcentrism : new essays on women and religion Missoula, Mont: Scholars Press for the American Academy of Religion,

-Holme, Jean and John Bowker (eds) 1994: Women in Religion. Pinter.

- Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck and Ellison Banks Findly (eds) 1985: Women, religion, and social change Albany: State University of New York Press.

-Holden, Pat (ed.) 1983: Women's religious experience . London: Croom Helm.

-Jantzen, Grace 1998: Becoming divine : towards a feminist philosophy of religion . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

- Joy, Morny et al ed. 2002: French feminists on religion

- King, Ursula 1987: Women in the world's religions, past and present . New York: Paragon House.

- King, Ursula 1993: Women and spirituality: voices of protest and promise. Basingstoke: Macmillan.

-King, Ursula (ed.) 1995: Religion and gender Oxford: Blackwell.

-Joseph, Alison 1990: Through the devil's gateway : women, religion and taboo London: SPCK in association with Channel Four Television.

- Knott, Kim 1994: Women and religion in post-war Britain. In Parsons, G. (ed) The growth of religious diversity : Britain from 1945 , vol. II. London: Routledge.

-Manning, Christel 1999: God gave us the right : conservative Catholic, Evangelical Protestant, and Orthodox Jewish women grapple with feminism New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.

-Pui-Lan, Kwok and Elisabeth Schüssler Fiorenza (eds) 1998: Women's sacred scriptures . London: SCM Press.

- Sharma, Arvind (ed.) 1987: Religion and women . Albany: State University of New York Press.

- Sharma, Arvind (ed.) 1994: Women in world religions . Albany: State University of New York Press.

- Sharma, Arvind (ed.) 1994: Today's woman in world religions Albany: State University of New York Press.

- Walker, Alice 1984: In search of our mothers' gardens : womanist prose London: The Women’s Press.

- Young, Serenity (ed) 1999: Encyclopedia of women and world religion New York: Macmillan Reference USA.

-Young, Serenity (ed) 1993: An anthology of sacred texts by and about women London: Pandora.

Top of page


- Althaus-Reid, Marcella 2004: From feminist theology to indecent theology : readings on poverty, sexual identity and God

- Aquino, M.P. D. L. Muchado and J. Rodriguez, eds. 2002: A reader in Latina feminist theology : religion and justice

- Armour, Ellen T. 1999: Deconstruction, feminist theology, and the problem of difference : subverting the race/gender divide

- Beattie, Tina 2006: New Catholic feminism : theology and theory

- Cannon, Katie 1988: Black womanist ethics

- Fiorenza, Elisabeth Schüssler 1992: But She said : feminist practices of biblical interpretation

- Fiorenza 1993: In memory of her : a feminist theological reconstruction of Christian origins

- Grant, Jacquelyn 1989: White women's Christ and black women's Jesus : feminist christology and womanist response (Atlanta, Georgia: Scholars Press)

- Hampson, Daphne 1996: After Christianity

- Hogan, Linda 1995: From women's experience to feminist theology

- Isherwood, Lisa 2001: Introducing feminist christologies

- Parsons, Susan F. 2002: The ethics of gender

- Parsons, Susan F. ed. 2000: Challenging women's orthodoxies in the context of faith

- Ruether, Rosemary Radford 1983: Sexism and God-talk

- Ruether, Rosemary Radford 1988: Women-church : theology and practice of feminist liturgical communities

- Sawyer, Deborah F. and D. M. Collier, eds. 1999: Is there a future for feminist theology?

- Schroer, S. and S. Bietenhard, eds. 2003: Feminist interpretation of the Bible and the hermeneutics of liberation

- Schumacher, M.M. ed. 2004: Women in Christ : toward a new feminism

- Thistlethwaite, Susan 1989: Sex, race and God : Christian feminism in black and white

- Vuola, Elina 2002: Limits of liberation : praxis as method in Latin American liberation theology and feminist theology

- Williams, Delores S. 1993 Sisters in the wilderness : the challenge of womanist God-talk Maryknoll: Orbis.

Top of page


-Alpert, Rebecca 1997: Like bread on the seder plate : Jewish lesbians and the transformation of tradition . New York: Columbia University Press.

- Aschkenasy, Nehama 1994: Eve's journey : feminine images in Hebraic literary tradition Detroit: Wayne State University Press.

-Bar-Ilan, Meir 1998: Some Jewish women in antiquity Atlanta, Ga: Scholars Press.

- Baskin, Judith R. (ed) 1998: Jewish women in historical perspective Detroit, Mich: Wayne State University Press.

- Bird, Phyllis A. Phyllis Ann 1997: Missing persons and mistaken identities : women and gender in ancient Israel . Minneapolis, Minn: Fortress Press.

- Cantor, Aviva 1995: Jewish women / Jewish men : the legacy of patriarchy in Jewish life New York: HarperSanFrancisco.

- Cohen, Aryeh 1998: Rereading Talmud : gender, law, and the poetics of sugyot Atlanta, Ga: Scholars Press.

- Davidman, Lynn & Shelly Tenenbaum (eds) 1994: Feminist perspectives on Jewish studies . New Haven London: Yale University Press.

- Greenberg, Blu 1981: On women & Judaism : a view from tradition Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America.

- Heschel, Susannah 1995: On being a Jewish feminist New York: Schocken Books.

- ‘Current Issues in Jewish Feminist Theology’, Christian Jewish relations . 19:2.

- Hyman, Paula E. and Deborah Dash Moore (eds) 1997 : Jewish women in America : an historical encyclopedia New York, London: Routledge.

- Jackson ,Glenna (1998) ‘Jesus as a First-Century Feminist: Christian anti-Judaism? ’ Feminist theology 7: 85 pp. 85-98

- Jewish Women in London Group 1989: Generations of memories : voices of Jewish women London: Women's Press.

- von Kellenbach, K (1994) Anti-Judaism in feminist religious writings , Atlanta: Scholars Press

- Levitt, Laura 1997: Jews and feminism : the ambivalent search for home New York London: Routledge.

- Litchfield, Sara (2010) ‘Feminist Theology and the Holocaust’, Feminist theology , 18:3 pp.332-340

- Matthews, Victor H., Bernard M. Levinson and Tikva Frymer-Kensky (eds) 1998: Gender and law in the Hebrew Bible and the ancient Near East Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press.

- Neusner, Jacob, 1998: How the rabbis liberated women Atlanta, Ga: Scholars Press.

- Peskowitz, M and Levitt, L (eds) (1997) Judaism since gender , London: Routledge

- Plaskow, Judith 1991 : Standing again at Sinai : Judaism from a feminist perspective . New York: HarperSanFrancisco.

- Raphael, M (2003) The female face of God in Auschwitz : a Jewish feminist theology of the Holocaust , London: Routledge

- Rudavsky. T.M. (ed) 1995: Gender and Judaism : the transformation of tradition . New York London: New York University Press.

- Schmool, Marlena 1994: Women in the Jewish community : survey report . London: Women in the Community.

- Sered, Susan Starr 1992: Women as ritual experts : the religious lives of elderly Jewish women in Jerusalem . New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

- Umansky, E. 1984: Creating a Jewish Feminist Theology: possibilities and problems. Anima . 10: 1.

- Umansky, Ellen M. and Dianne Ashton (eds) 1992: Four centuries of Jewish women's spirituality : a sourcebook . Boston: Beacon.

Top of page


- Ahmed, Leila 1992: Women and gender in Islam : historical roots of a modern debate . New Haven: Yale University Press.

- Awde, Nicoloas (ed) 1998: Women in Islam : an anthology from the Quran and Hadith Richmond, Surrey: Curzon.

- Bodman, Herbert L. and Nayereh Tohidi (eds) 1998: Women in Muslim societies : diversity within unity . Boulder, Colo. London: Lynne Rienner Publishers.

- Cooke , Miriam 2002: ‘Multiple Critiques: Islamic Feminist Rhetorical Strategies’ . In Laura E. Donaldson and Kwok Pui-lan (eds) 2002: Postcolonialism, feminism and religious discourse . Routledge: NewYork and London. Chapter 6.

- Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck and John L. Esposito (eds) 1998: Islam, gender, & social change . New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

- Jawad, H. A. Haifaa A. 1998: The rights of women in Islam : an authentic approach . Basingstoke: Macmillan.

- Mernissi, Fatima 1975: Beyond the veil: male-female dynamics in modern Muslim society . Cambridge, Mass: Schenkman Pub. Co. New York.

- Mernissi, Fatima, 1991: Women and Islam : an historical and theological enquiry . Oxford: Blackwell.

- Mernissi, Fatima 1996: Women's rebellion & Islamic memory . Atlantic Highlands . N.J: Zed Books.

- Mir-Hosseini, Ziba 1993: Marriage on trial : a study of Islamic family law : Iran and Morocco compared . London: Tauris.

- Mir-Hosseini, Ziba 1999: Islam and gender: the religious debate in contemporary Iran . Princeton, N.J. Chichester: Princeton University Press.

- Roald, Anne Sofie 2001: Women in Islam : the Western experience . London: Routledge

- Roded, Ruth (ed) 1999 : Women in Islam and the Middle East: a reader . London: I.B.Tauris.

- Yamani, Mai (ed) 1996: Feminism and Islam : legal and literary perspectives . Reading: Ithaca Press for Centre of Islamic and Middle Eastern Law, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.

Top of page

Asian Religious Traditions

- Bacchetta, Paola 1993: All Our Goddesses Are Armed: Religion, Resistance, and Revenge in the Life of a Militant Hindu Nationalist Woman. Bulletin of Concerned Asian Scholars , Vol. 25, 1993.

- Boucher, Sandy 1993: Turning the wheel : American women creating the new Buddhism . Boston: Beacon Press.

- Coburn, Thomas B. 1984: Dev+ -mhtmya : the crystallization of the goddess tradition . Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

- Vidya Dehejia 1999 Devi, the great goddess : female divinity in South Asian art Munich London: Prestel.

- Erndl, Kathleen M. 1993: Victory to the mother : the Hindu goddess of northwest India in myth, ritual, and symbol . New York Oxford: Oxford University Press.

- Gross, Rita M. 1993: Buddhism after patriarchy : a feminist history, analysis, and reconstruction of Buddhism . Albany: State University of New York Press, 1993.

- Gross, Rita M. 1996: Buddhism and Feminism: toward their mutual transformation. The eastern Buddhist. , New Series , XIX: I.

- Hawley, 1994: Sati, the blessing and the curse : the burning of wives in India . New Yrk, Oxford : Oxford University Press.

- Kabilsingh, Chatsumarn 1991: Thai women in Buddhism Berkeley, Calif: Parallax Press.

- Kinsley, David R. David Robert 1975: The sword and the flute : Kl+ and Krsna, dark visions of the terrible and the sublime in Hindu mythology Berkeley London: University of California Press.

- Kinsley, David R. David Robert 1986: Hindu goddesses : visions of the divine feminine in the Hindu religious tradition Berkeley London: University of California Press.

- Kinsley, David R. 1989 : The goddesses' mirror : visions of the divine from East and West Albany: State University of New York Press.

- Leslie, Julia 1989: The perfect wife : the orthodox Hindu woman according to the Str+ dharmapaddhati of Tryambakayajvan Delhi, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

- Leslie, Julia (ed) 1991: Roles and rituals for Hindu women. Rutherford: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.

- Mani, Lata 1998: Contentious Traditions, The Debate on Sati in Colonial India. Berkeley London: University of California Press.

- Mitter, Sara S. 1991: Dharma's daughters : contemporary Indian women and Hindu culture . New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press.

- Mookerjee, Ajit 1988: Kali : the feminine force . London: Thames and Hudson.

- Pancholi, Nirmala 1993: The role and contribution of women in the Hindu Swaminarayan sampradaya, with particular reference to the Akshar Purushottam Sanstha . [Leeds].

- Pintchman, Tracy 1994: The rise of the Goddess in the Hindu tradition . Albany: State University of New York Press.

- Sen, Mala Death by fire : sati, dowry death and female infanticide in modern India (2001)

- Sharma, Arvind 1988: Sati : historical and phenomenological essays . Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass.

- Shaw, Miranda Eberle 1994: Passionate enlightenment: women in Tantric Buddhism . Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press.

- Singh, Nikky-Guninder Kaur 1993: The feminine principle in the Sikh vision of the transcendent . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

- Tewari, Laxmi G. 1991: A splendor of worship : women's fasts, rituals, stories and art . Walpole, Mass: Riverdale.

- Tharu, Susie and K. Lalita (eds) 1993: Women writing in India : 600 B.C. to the present . Vol. 1 London: Pandora.

- Wilkinson, Sandra Margaret 1994: Young British Hindu women's interpretations of the images of womanhood in Hinduism . [Leeds].

-Willis, J 1990: Questions that won’t go away: a dialogue about women in Buddhism and Christianity. Journal of feminist studies in religion . 6: 2.

Willis, Janice D 1995 : Feminine ground : essays on women and Tibet . Ithaca, N.Y: Snow Lion.

Top of page

‘New Spiritualities’

Bancroft, Anne 1989: Weavers of wisdom : women of the twentieth century . London: Arkana.

Brown, Karen McCarthy 1991: Mama Lola: a vodou priestess in Brooklyn . Berkeley Oxford: University of California Press.

Billington, Sandra and Miranda Green (eds) 1998: The concept of the goddess . London: Routledge.

Christ, Carol P. and Judith Plaskow (eds) 1979: Womanspirit rising : a feminist reader in religion . San Francisco London: Harper & Row.

Christ, Carol P. 1995: Diving deep and surfacing : women writers on spiritual quest . Boston: Beacon Press.

Christ, Carol P. 1987: Laughter of Aphrodite : reflections on a journey to the goddess New York: Harper & Row.

Christ, Carol P. 1997: Rebirth of the goddess : finding meaning in feminist spirituality New York: Routledge.

Davidson, Hilda Ellis 1998: Roles of the northern goddess London, New York: Routledge.

Eilberg-Schwartz, H 1989: Witches of the West: Neopaganism and goddess worship as enlightenment religions. Journal of feminist studies in religion . 5:1.

Gimbutas, Marija 1982: The goddesses and gods of Old Europe, 6500-3500 BC, myths and cult images . London: Thames and Hudson.

Long, A 1992: The One and the Many: the great goddess revisited. Feminist theology . 15. pp. 13-29.

Palmer, Susan Jean 1994: Moon sisters, Krishna mothers, Rajneesh lovers : women's roles in new religions . New York: Syracuse University Press.

Reuther, Rosemary Radford 1989: Sexism and God language. In Judith Plaskow and Carol P. Christ (eds) Weaving the visions : new patterns in feminist spirituality . pp.151-162 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Sered, Susan Starr 1994: Priestess, mother, sacred sister : religions dominated by women . New York: Oxford University Press.

Spretnak, Charlene 1982: The politics of women's spirituality : essays by founding mothers of the movement . New York: Anchor.

Stone, Merlin 1976 : The Paradise papers : the suppression of women's rites . London: Virago: Quartet Books.

Starhawk 1989: The spiral dance : a rebirth of the ancient religion of the great Goddess . New York London: Harper & Row.

Starhawk 1990: Truth or dare : encounters with power, authority, and mystery . San Francisco London: Harper & Row.

Top of page

Religious Fundamentalisms and Women

-Brasher B.E. 1998: Godly women : fundamentalism and female power . Rutgers University Press.

- Brink, Judy and Joan Mencher 1997: Mixed blessings : gender and religious fundamentalism cross culturally . New York: Routledge.

- Gerami, Shahin 1996: Women and fundamentalism : Islam and Christianity . New York London: Garland Pub.

- Hawley, John Stratton (ed.) 1994: Fundamentalism and gender . New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

- Howland, Courtney W. 1999: Religious fundamentalisms and the human rights of women . Basingstoke: Macmillan.

- Sahgal, Gita and Nira Yuval-Davis 1992: Refusing holy orders : women and fundamentalism in Britain . London: Virago.

Top of page

Gender, Religion and Development

- Bayes, Jane H. and Nayereh Tohidi 2001: Globalization, gender and religion : the politics of women's rights in Catholic and Muslim contexts . Basingstoke: Palgrave.

- Bradley, Tamsin 2006: Challenging the NGOs : women, religion and western dialogues in India . IB Taurus.

- Huang, Chien-Yu Julia and Robert P. Weller 1998: Merit and Mothering: Women and Social Welfare in Taiwanese Buddhism The journal of Asian studies , Vol. 57, No. pp. 379-396

- Jackson, Cecille and Ruth Pearson 1998: ‘Introduction: Interrogating Development. Feminism, Gender and Policy’. In Jackson, Cecille and Ruth Pearson (eds.) Feminist visions of development : gender analysis and policy . London and New York: Routledge. pp. 1-16.

- Pearson, R. and Tomalin, E. (2007) ‘Intelligent Design: a Gender Sensitive Interrogation of Religion and Development’. In Clarke, Jennings and Shaw (eds) Development, civil society and faith-based organisations : bridging the sacred and the secular (Basingstoke: Palgrave) pp. 46-71

- Satha-Anand, S. 1999: Looking to Buddhism to Turn Back Prostitution in Thailand. Bauer, J. R. and Bell, D. A., editors, The East Asian challenge for human rights . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 193-211. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

- Tomalin, E. 2006: The Thai Bhikkhuni Movement and Women’s Empowerment. Gender and development 14(3): 385-397.

This list was last updated on 18/12/2015