Leeds University Library

PIED5766M
Module Reading List

Research Methodology for Development, 2017/18, Semester 1
Dr.Winifred Bedigen
w.bedigen@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Key general texts

The following texts provide key general readings for the course.

*Laws, S., with C. Harper and R. Marcus (2003) Research for development : a practical guide London: SCF / Sage

*Mikkelsen, B. (2005) Methods for Development Work and Research New Delhi: Sage (revised edition)

*Desai, V. and R. Potter (2006) Doing development research London: Sage Publications

*Kumar, S. (2003) Methods for community participation : a complete guide for practitioners . ITDG publishing

*Sumner, A. and Tribe, M (2008) International development studies : theories and methods in research and practice . London: Sage

*Thomas, A., and G. Mohan (eds.) (2007) Research skills for policy and development : how to find out fast London: Sage Publications

Also see: Bridging Research and Policy Journal of international development. Special Issue August 2005 Vol.17 (6)

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Week 1 Research in Development; epistemologies and ethics

Texts marked * are particularly useful and you should start your reading with those.

*Mayoux, L. (2006) Quantitative, qualitative or participatory: which method, for what and when? Ch. 13 In Desai, V. and R. Potter (2006) Doing development research London: Sage Publications pp. 115-129 EBook available

*Brodsky, A. (2001) More than Epistemology: relationships in applied research with underserved communities. The journal of social issues. 57 (2) pp. 323-335

Gasper, D. and Thanh-Dam Truong (2005) Deepening Development Ethics: from economism to human development to human security. European journal of development research.. vol 17 no. 3 pp. 372-384

Warwick, D.P. (1993) The politics and ethics of field research. In Bulmer, M. and D. Warwick (eds.) Social Research in Developing Countries: Surveys and Censuses in the Third World London: University College Press, pp. 315-330 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Wilson, K. (1992) Thinking about the ethics of fieldwork. In Devereux, S. and Hoddinott, J. (eds.) Fieldwork in developing countries Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf, pp. 179-199. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

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Week 2 Using and assessing secondary sources

* Meth, Paula and G. Williams (2006) Literature Reviews and Bibliographic Searches. In V. Desai and D. Potter (eds.) Doing development research London: Sage Publications

* Barrientos, S. (2007) Interrogating information through a literature study. Chapter 5 in Thomas, A., and G. Mohan (eds.) (2007) Research skills for policy and development : how to find out fast London: Sage Publications pp. 113-134. EBook available

Becker, H.S. (1986). Writing for social scientists : how to start and finish your thesis, book, or article Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. Chapter 8 EBook available discusses good uses of literature and examines how literature both helps us to develop and limits our thinking. 

Locke, L.F., Waneen, W.Y. & Silverman, S.J. (2007). Proposals that work: A guide for planning dissertations and grant proposals (5th ed.). Newbury Park: Sage Publications. Discusses literature reviews in the context of proposals, but the suggestions given apply to literature reviews written as part of articles or dissertations. 

O'Laughlin, B. (2007) Interpreting institutional discourses. Ch. 6 in n Thomas, A., and G. Mohan (eds.) (2007) Research skills for policy and development : how to find out fast London: Sage Publications pp. 135-156

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Week 3 Multiple realities: finding out about others' worlds

Again unfortunately the best introductory texts are chapters of books, and there is no particular one that gives a full overview, so try to read from this asterisked selection, and apply your emerging understandings to other texts from this list, or papers you find of interest as you practise using a search engine.

*Pole, C. and R. Lampard (2002) Practical social investigation : qualitative and quantitative methods in social research . esp. ch. 6 'Interviewing: listening and talking' pp. 89-125. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

*Mayoux, L. (2006) Quantitative, qualitative or participatory? which method, for what and when? ch. 13 in Desai and Potter Doing development research op cit, pp. 115-129.

*Denzin, N. and Y. Lincoln (2000) Handbook of qualitative research 2nd Edition, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage

Agarwal, B. (1997) Bargaining and gender relations: within and beyond the household. Feminist economics.s. (3) pp. 1-51

Anderson, E.-L. (2015) Gender, HIV and risk : navigating structural violence, Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan - chapter 3 pp.34-60

Bebbington, A. (1999) Capitals and Capabilities: A Framework for Analyzing Peasant Viability, Rural Livelihoods and Poverty. World development. 27 (12) pp. 2021-2044

Bond, R. and D. Hulme (1999) Process Approaches to Development: Theory and Sri Lankan Practice. World development. 27(8) pp. 1339-1358

Borland, K. (1991) “That’s not what I said”: Interpretive conflict in oral narrative research in Gluck, S.B. and Patai, D. (eds) Women's words : the feminist practice of oral history Routledge: London, pp. 63-75

Bryceson D. F. (2004) Agrarian Vista or Vortex: African rural livelihood policies Review of African political economy. 31 (102) pp. 617-629

Bryman, A. and Burgess, R.G. (eds.) (1999) Qualitative research London: Sage

Bulmer, M. and D. Warwick (eds.) (1983) Social Research in Developing Countries Surveys and Censuses in the Third World London: John Wiley and Sons

Casley, D. and D. Lury (1987) Data Collection in Developing Countries Oxford: Clarendon Press

Crossley, M. and G. Vulliamy (eds.) (1997) Qualitative educational research in developing countries : current perspectives New York London: Garland

Dyer, C. (1999) Backward mapping: researching the implementation of education policy. Comparative education.. 35 (1) pp. 45-62

Devereux, S. and J. Hoddinott (1992) Fieldwork in Developing Countries Hemel Hempstead: Wheatsheaf

Dixon, Beverly R., Gary D. Bouma and G. B. J. Atkinson (1987), A handbook of social science research. A Comprehensive and Practical Guide for Students , New York: Oxford University Press. (Chapter 10 on qualitative research) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Elson, D. (1995) Male Bias in the Development Process (2nd edition) Manchester: Manchester University Press

Francis, E. (1992) Qualitative research: collecting life histories. In Devereux, S. and J. Hoddinott (eds.) Fieldwork in developing countries Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf, pp. 87-101

Hammersley, M. (2008) Questioning qualitative inquiry : critical essays . London: Sage

Hershfield, A.F., Rohling, N.G., Kerr, G.B. and Hursh-Cesar, G. (1993) Fieldwork in rural areas. In Bulmer, M. and D. Warwick, (eds.) Social Research in Developing Countries, Surveys and Censuses in the Third World London: UCL Press, pp. 241-252 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

James, J. (1999) Globalization, information technology and development Basingstoke: Macmillan

Johnson, D (2002) Insights on poverty Development in practice.. Vol. 12 (2)

de Koning, C. and M. Martin (1996) Participatory research in health : issues and experiences London: Zed books

Kabeer, Naila (2003) Approaches to Poverty Analysis and its Gender Dimensions Gender Mainstreaming in Poverty Eradication and the Millennium Development Goals. In A handbook for policy-makers and other stakeholders Commonwealth Secretariat International Development Research Centre Ottawa, Ch. 4. Available online: https://www.idrc.ca/en/book/gender-mainstreaming-poverty-eradication-and-millennium-development-goals-handbook-policy

Kitzinger. J. (1994) The methodology of focus groups: the importance of interaction between research participants Sociology of health and illness. 16 (1) pp. 104–121

Kotzé D.A. (2003), Role of women in the household economy, food production and food security: Policy guidelines Outlook on agriculture.. 32 (2,1) pp. 111-21

Lemke, S. (2005) Nutrition security, livelihoods and HIV/AIDS: implications for research among farm worker households in South Africa. Public health nutrition.. 8 (7) pp. 844-852

McGinn, N. and Borden, A. (1995) Framing questions, constructing answers : linking research with education policy for developing countries Harvard Institute for International Development, Cambridge, Mass

McNiff, J. (1990) Action Research: principles and practice London: Methuen

Nichols, P. (1991) Social survey methods : a fieldguide for development workers Oxfam Development Guidelines No. 6

Nkululeko, D. (1987) The right to Self-Determination in Research: Azanian Women. In Qunta, C.N. (ed.) Women in Southern Africa . London: Allison and Busby, pp. 88-106 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Morgan, D. (1997) Focus groups as qualitative research London: Sage Publications

Morgan, D. and R. Kreuger (1993) When to use Focus Groups and Why. In D. Morgan (ed.) Successful focus groups : advancing the state of the art London: Sage Publications Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

O'Reilly, K. (2009) Key concepts in ethnography . London: Sage

Pratt, B. and P. Loizos (1992) Choosing research methods : data collection for development workers Oxford: Development Guidelines No 7 Oxfam

Pratt, G. (2004) Practitioners' critical reflections on PRA and participation in Nepal Institute for Development Studies (IDS), Sussex. March 24, 2000. Also available online at:http://www.eldis.org/go/home&id=29068&type=Document#.V9ajfjVWVjM

Robinson, C. (1993) Real World Research: a resource for social scientists and practitioner researchers Oxford: Blackwell

*Scheyvens, R. and Leslie, H. (2000) Gender, Ethics and Empowerment: Dilemmas of Development Field work Women's studies international forum.. 23 (1), pp. 119-130

Schratz, M. and Walker, R. (1995) Research as social change : new opportunities for qualitative research  Routledge: London and New York

Silverman, D. (2000) Doing qualitative research: a practical handbook London: Sage

Silverman, D. (2006), Interpreting Qualitative Data , 3rd Edition, London: Sage. (Chapter 2 on ‘What is Qualitative Research? ’; Chapter 8 of ‘Credible Qualitative Research’) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Slater, R. (2000) Using life histories to explore change: women’s urban struggles in Cape Town, South Africa. Gender and development. 8 (2) pp. 38-46

Slim, A. and Thompson, P. (1993) Listening for a change : oral testimony and development London: Panos

Smith, L.T. (1999) Decolonizing methodologies : research and indigenous peoples London: Zed Books

Thomas, A. (2000) Development as Practice in a Liberal Capitalist World Journal of international development. 12: 773 - 787

*Thomas, A., J. Chataway and M. Wuyts, M (eds.) (1998) Finding out fast : investigative skills for policy and development London: Sage part 1

Warren, D. et al (1995) The cultural dimension of development : indigenous knowledge systems Intermediate Technology Publications

Wolcott, H.F. (1990) Writing up qualitative research Newbury Park, CA: Sage

Wolcott, H.F. (1995) The art of fieldwork especially Chapter 6 ‘Fieldwork: The darker arts.’ Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Wolf, D. (1996) (ed.) Feminist dilemmas in fieldwork Work Boulder: Westview Press

You may also want to look at the following SPSS On Line Tutorials http://www.mhhe.com/socscience/psychology/runyon/spss/spss.html

http://cs.furman.edu/rushing/mellonj/spss1.htm

On focus groups

Bagnoli, A. & Andrew Clark (2010) Focus groups with young people: a participatory approach to research planning. Journal of Youth Studies 13 (1), 101-119, DOI: 10.1080/13676260903173504

Farquhar, C. (Das, Rita) (1999) ‘Are focus groups suitable for ‘sensitive’ topics? ’, in Barbour, R.S. and Kitzinger, J. (eds.) Developing focus group research : politics, theory and practice Sage: London, pp. 47-63

King, N. and Horrocks, C. (2010) Interviews in qualitative research Sage: London

Mitchell, L. (1999) ‘Combining focus groups and interviews: telling how it is; telling how it feels’, in Barbour, R.S. and Kitzinger, J. (eds.) Developing focus group research : politics, theory and practice Sage: London, pp. 36-46

Pini, B. (2002) ‘Focus groups, feminist research and farm women: Opportunities for empowerment in rural social research’, Journal of rural studies.. 18, 339-351

Wilkinson, S. (1999) How useful are focus groups in feminist research? ’, in Barbour, R.S. and Kitzinger, J. (eds.) Developing focus group research : politics, theory and practice , Sage: London, pp. 64-78

On mixed methods

Burke Johnson R. and A. Onwuegbuzie (2004) Mixed Methods Research: A Research Paradigm Whose Time Has Come. Educational researcher.. 33 (7) pp. 14–26. Also available online at: http://edr.sagepub.com/content/33/7.toc

Brannen, J. (2005) Mixed Methods Research: a discussion paper ESRC National Centre for Research Methods Review Paper, downloadable from: http://www.ncrm.ac.uk

Denscombe, Martyn (2010), The Good Research Guide for Small-Scale Social Research Projects, 4th Edition, Maidenhead: Open University Press. (Chapter 8 on mixed methods). Available online (Or 3rdEdition (2007)

Jones, N. and A, Sumner (2007) Does mixed methods research matter to understanding childhood wellbeing ? ESRC Wellbeing in Developing Countries (WeD) working paper #40. Available at http://www.welldev.org.uk/research/workingpaperpdf/wp40.pdf .

Onwuegbuzie, A. and N. Leech (2006) Linking Research Questions to Mixed Methods Data Analysis Procedures. In The Qualitative Report 11 (3) pp. 474-498 (Available online at: http://www.nova.edu/ssss/QR/QR11-3/onwuegbuzie.pdf )

White, H. (2002) Combining Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches in Poverty Analysis World development. 30(12) pp. 511-522

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Week 4 Participatory research: principles, planning, practices

Agarwal, Bina (2001) Participatory Exclusions, Community Forestry, and Gender: An Analysis for South Asia and a Conceptual Framework. World development. 29 (10) pp. 1623-1648

Bhattacharjee, Parinita (2000), Practical Notes: Stepping Stones—a participatory tool to integrate gender into HIV/AIDS work. Development in practice. (10) 5

Botchway, Karl (2001), Paradox of Empowerment: Reflections on a Case Study from Northern Ghana. World development. 29 (1) pp. 135-153

Burkey, S. (1993) People first : a guide to self-reliant participatory rural development London: Zed Books

*Chambers, R. (2007) From PRA to PLA and Pluralism. IDS Working Paper 286, Brighton: IDS (Avalable online at: http://www.ids.ac.uk/publication/from-pra-to-pla-to-pluralism-practice-and-theory)

Chambers, R. (1997) Whose reality counts? : putting the first last Intermediate Technology Publications

Chambers, R. (1994) The Origins and Practice of Participatory Rural Appraisal World development. 22(7) pp.953-969

Chambers, R. (1994) Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA): Analysis of Experience World development. 22 (9) pp. 1253-1268

Chambers, R. et al (eds.) (1989) Farmer first : farmer innovation and agricultural research Research Intermediate Technology Publications

Gladwin, C., J. Peterson & A. C. Mwale (2002) The Quality of Science in Participatory Research: A Case Study from Eastern Zambia. World development. Vol. 30 (4) pp.523–543

Habgood, L. (1998) Health and livelihoods in rural Angola : a participatory research project Oxford: Oxfam

Kumar, K. (ed.) (1993) Rapid appraisal methods Washington D.C.: World Bank

*Kumar, S. (2003) Methods for community participation : a complete guide for practitioners . ITDG publishing

*Lilja, Nina and Mauricio Bellon (2008) Some common questions about participatory research: a review of the literature. Development in practice. 18 (4&5)

Mayoux, L. (1995) Beyond Naivety: Women, Gender Inequality and Participatory Development. Development and change. (26) pp. 235-258

Mayoux, L. and Chambers, R. (2005) Reversing the paradigm: quantification, participatory methods and pro-poor impact assessment. Journal of international development. 17(2) pp. 271 – 298

*Mayoux. L. and H. Johnson (2007) Investigation as empowerment: using participatory methods. Ch. 8 in Thomas and Mohan Research skills for policy and development : how to find out fast (eds.) (op cit) pp. 180-207. Available online

Morse, R., A. Rahman and K. Johnson (1995) Grassroot horizons : connecting participatory development initiatives east and west Intermediate Technology Publications.

Mosse, D. (1994) Authority, Gender and Knowledge: theoretical reflections on the practice of participatory rural appraisal Development and change.. 25: 497-526

Nelson, N. and S. Wright (eds.) (1995) Power and participatory development : theory and practice Intermediate Technology Publications

Okali, C. et al. (1994) Farmer participatory research : rhetoric and reality Intermediate Technology Publications

PLA Notes 42 (2001) Children's participation : evaluating effectiveness London: IIED

Rahman, Md A. (1992) People's self development : perspectives of participatory action research : a journey through experience London: Zed Books

Robb, C. (1999) Can the poor influence policy? participatory poverty assessments in the developing world Washington, D.C.: World Bank

*Ruggeri Laderchi, C. 2001. Participatory Methods in the Analysis of Poverty: A Critical Review . Working Paper #62.QEHWP62. Queen Elizabeth House, University of Oxford. (A shorter version of this is available at http://www.idrc.ca/en/ev-85060-201-1-DO_TOPIC.html ). Also available online at: http://www3.qeh.ox.ac.uk/pdf/qehwp/qehwps62.pdf

*Slocum, R. et al. (1995) Power, process and participation : tools for change London: Intermediate Technology Publications

Smith, K. & C. Barrett (2000) Participatory Risk Mapping for Targeting Research and Assistance: With an Example from East African Pastoralists. World development. 28 (11) pp. 1945-1959

Smith, S., D. Williams, with N. Johnson (eds.) (1997) Nurtured by knowledge : learning to do participatory action-research New York: Apex Press Ottawa: International Development Research Centre

UN Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO): ‘Database: Field tools- Participation’ (provides presentations of various participatory methods, approaches and tools) www.fao.org/Participation/ft_find.jsp

Wilkinson, S. (1998) Focus Groups in Feminist Research: Power, interaction and the construction of meaning. Women's studies international forum.. 21 (1) pp. 111-125

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Week 5 Analysis and Making an Impact

Analysis

All chapters in part III of Desai, V. and R. Potter (eds. 2007) touch on analysis in relation to particular methods.

Bryman , A and R. Burgess (1994) Analyzing qualitative data esp. chapter Chapter 11 Reflections on qualitative data analysis by Alan Bryman and Robert Burgess. London: Routledge.

Dey, I. (1993) Qualitative data analysis : a user-friendly guide for social scientists . London : Routledge.

Flick, U. (ed.) (2007) The Sage qualitative research kit esp. Chapter 7 by G. Gibbs on Analyzing qualitative data. London: SAGE. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Miles, M. and A. Huberman (1994 ) Qualitative data analysis : an expanded sourcebook . Thousand Oaks; London: Sage Publications, 2nd ed.

Silverman, D. (2006), Interpreting Qualitative Data, 3rd Edition, London: Sage.

Sumner, A. and M. Tribe (2008) How are research and practice linked in development studies? In Sumner, A. and M. Tribe (2008) International development studies : theories and methods in research and practice . pp. 129-16. London: Sage

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Impact

*Chataway, J. et al (2007) Communicating Results. Ch 4 in Thomas and Mohan Research skills for policy and development : how to find out fast (eds.) (2007) (op cit) pp. 95-110.

Morse, S. (2007) Writing an effective research report or dissertation. In Desai, V. and R. Potter (eds.) Doing development research (op cit) ch. 30 pp. 297-309

*Gainsbury, S. and C. Brown (2007) How is research communicated professionally? In Desai, V. and R. Potter (eds.) Doing development research (op cit) ch. 31 pp. 310-319

Brock-Utne, B. (2010) Research and Policy on the Language of Instruction Issue in Africa. International journal of educational development.. 30 (6), pp. 636–645

Sumner, A. and M. Tribe (2008) How are research and practice linked in development studies? In Sumner, A. and M. Tribe (2008) International development studies : theories and methods in research and practice . Pp. 129-16. London: Sage

See also: Bridging Research and Policy Journal of international development. Special Issue August 2005 Vol.17 (6)

This list was last updated on 06/09/2016