Leeds University Library

PIED5779M
Module Reading List

Research Methods, 2017/18, Semester 1
Dr Stuart McAnulla
S.D.McAnulla@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Codes

* indicates a particularly accessible and/or useful source

+ indicates a more applied article

# indicates a more difficult or specialist reading

General Reading

*Marsh, D. and Stoker, G. (2010)  Theory and methods in political science London: Palgrave - this is a core textbook for the module (please note the 2002 and 1995 versions of this book are still available in the library and are also very useful)

*Burnham, P. (et al) (2008) Research methods in politics Basingstoke: Palgrave, very useful for the second half of this module in particular. (2004 version of same book also very useful)

* Halerpin, S. and Heath, O. (2012)   Political research : methods and practical skills , Oxford: Oxford University Press

*Hay, C., Political analysis , (London: Palgrave, 2002), contains a good overview of many of the approaches covered in the module

      Hammond, M. and Wellington, J.  (2013)

Research methods : the key concepts ,

      London: Routledge, a useful reference source for definitions of many key terms

Pierce, R.  Research methods in politics : a practical guide (London: Sage, 2008), of relevance to many module topics

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Epistemology, Ontology and Research 

*Marsh, D. and Furlong, P (2010) ‘Ontology and Epistemology in Political Science' in David Marsh and Gerry Stoker, Theory and Methods in Political Science , London: Palgrave

*Fay, B. (1996) Contemporary philosophy of social science : a multicultural approach , Oxford: Wiley_blakewell

*C. Hay ‘What’s Scientific about Political Science? ’ in C. Hay Political analysis (2002)

Moses, & Knutsen, T.L.  (2007) Ways of knowing : competing methodologies in social and political research , London: Palgrave, especially chapters 1, 2 and 7

Savigny, H.  and Marsden, L. (2011) 'Themes and Issues' in Doing political science and international relations : theories in action , London: Palgrave Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Bond, J.R. (2007) ‘The scientification of the study of politics: Some observations on the behavioural evolution in political science’,  The Journal of politics. 69(4): 897–907.

Dryzek, J. (2006) ‘Revolutions without enemies: Key transformations in political science’,  The American political science review. 100(4): 487–492.

Savigny, H. (2010) 'Looking Back to Move Forward: Historicising the Construction of Disciplinary Narratives in European Political Science and International Relations', European political science. , 9, S99-S100 

Parsons, C. (2007) ‘Ideational Explanation’ in C. Parsons ‘ How to map arguments in political science , Oxford: Oxford University Press

Bevir, M.  Daddow, O. and Hall, I. (2014) Interpreting global security , London: Routledge

Bevir, M.  and Rhodes, R. (2010) The state as cultural practice [electronic resource] , Oxford: Oxford University Press

Marsh, D.  Daddow, O. and Hall, I (2014) Two Cheers for Interpretivism: Reconstructing the British Political Tradition, Australian journal of public administration. , 73, 3, 340-348

Gofas, A.  and  Hay, C. (2010) 'Varieties of Ideational Explanation' in The role of ideas in political analysis : a portrait of contemporary debates , Routledge

Leggett, W. (2011) ‘The analytical and political limits to ‘interpreting’ governance’,  British politics.. , 6 (2): 241-51.

Bevir, M. (2005) New Labour : a critique , Routledge

Bevir, M.  and Rhodes, R. (2003) Interpreting British governance Routledge

McAnulla, S. (2006) ‘Challenging the New Interpretivism: Towards A Critical Realist Alternative’ British politics. , 1 (1) 

Hollis, M. (1994)   The Philosophy of Social Science: An Introduction

Rhodes, R. and Bevir, M.  Interpretive Theory in David Marsh and Gerry Stoker, Theory and Methods in Political Science (2002)

Burnham, P. et al ‘The Discipline of Politics’ in in Peter Burnham (et al) Research Methods in Politics (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2004)

Ruggie, J. G. ‘Epistemology, Ontology, and the Study of International Regimes’ in Constructing the world polity : essays on international institutionalization (1998), Ch. 3,

# Collier, A.   Critical Realism , (1994)

# Cruikshank, J.   Critical Realism (2003)

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Behavioural Analysis

*Sanders.D.  ‘Behaviouralism’ in David Marsh and Gerry Stoker, Theory and Methods in Political Science (London- Palgrave, 2010 , also see 1995 or 2002 versions of the chapter which are just as good))

* Easton, D. The Future of the Post-Behavioural Phase in Political Science’ in , K.R. Monroe (ed) Contemporary Empirical Political Theory , (Berkley- University of California Press, 1997) , first view pages provide a good summary of behavioralism and criticism of it.

*Kavanagh, D. Political science and political behaviour , (London- Unwin, 2003) especially Chapters 1 and 10 (Key chapter available in high demand)

* Dahl, R. (1961), ‘The Behavioural Approach in Political Science’, The American political science review. , Vol. 55 (4), 763-772) , good outline of traditional behaviouralism

Farr, J. (1995)  ‘ Remembering the Revolution- Behavioralism in American Political Science ’ (available in high demand) in J.Farr et al (eds) Political science in history : research programs and political traditions , Cambridge- Cambridge University Press Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

*Bay, C. ‘ Politics and Pseudo-politics ’ (available in high demand) in C. McCoy (ed), Apolitical politics - a critique of behavioralism (Crowell- New York, 1971) strongly critical of the behavioral approach

*Eulau, E. The behavioural persuasion in politics (Random House- New York, 1964) (key chapter available in high demand)

Bond, J.R. (2007) ‘The scientification of the study of politics: Some observations on the behavioural evolution in political science’,  The Journal of politics.  69(4): 897–907.

Easton, D. (1967) ‘The Current Meaning of Behaviouralism’, in James Charlesworth, Contemporary political analysis , New York- Free Press

Sibley, M. Q. (1967) ‘The Limits of Behaviouralism’, in James Charlesworth,Contemporary political analysis , New York- Free Press

King, G., R. Keohane, R.Verba, S. (1994) Designing social inquiry : scientific inference in qualitative research , Princetown- Princetown University Press

McCoy, C. (ed), (1971) Apolitical politics : a critique of behavioralism Crowell- New York strongly critical of the behavioral approach

Blalock, H. M. (1970) An introduction to social research (Englewood Cliffs, NJ- Prentice-Hall)

#Gurr, T (1970) Why Men Rebel (Princeton, Princetown University Press, no need to get bogged down in the statistical detail)

+ Dahl, R. Who governs? : democracy and power in an American city (London- Yale University Press) a classic behaviouralist study

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On the question of whether, and how, social (or political) science can really be scientific

*Fay, B. (1996) Contemporary philosophy of social science : a multicultural approach , Oxford-Blackwell

Hay, C. (2002)  ‘What’s Scientific about Political Science? ’ in C. Hay Political analysis London- Palgrave 2002

#Hollis, M. (1994) The Philosophy of Social Science- An Introduction , Cambridge, Cambridge University Press

#Sayer, A.  (2000) Realism and social science . London- Sage

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Rational Choice Theory

*Hindmoor, A.  ‘Rational Choice Theory’ David Marsh and Gerry Stoker, Theory and Methods in Political Science (London- Palgrave, 2010)

* Hindmoor , A. (2006) Rational Choice , Basingstoke: Palgrave, an excellent new book with a number of chapters on the most influential types of rational choice.

Hindmoor, A. and Taylor, B. (2015) Rational choice , second new edition, Basingstoke: Palgrave

Eriksson, L. (2011) Rational choice theory : potential and limits , Basingstoke: Palgrave

*John, P. (2000) 'Rational Choice Theory' in John, P., Analysing Public Policy London- Contimuum,, Chapter 6

*Fay, B. (1996) ‘Must We Assume Others Are Rational? ’ in Contemporary philosophy of social science : a multicultural approach . Oxford-Blackwell

*Hindmoor, A. ‘Public Choice’ in Hay, C. Lister, M. and Marsh, D. (eds) The state : theories and issues , (Basingstoke- Palgrave, 2006)

Hindmoor, A. (2011) Major Combat Operations have Ended? Arguing About Rational Choice',  British journal of political science. 41, 1, 191-210

IHampsher-Monk, I. and Hindmoor, A. (2010) Rational Choice and Interpretive Theory: Between a Rock and a Hard Place,  Political studies. , 58, 1, 1-19

* Green,D.P and Shapiro,I (1994) Pathologies of rational choice theory : a critique of applications in political science , New Haven- Yale University Press, the first few chapter give a good introduction to the methods, its strengths and limitations 

Kydd, A. (2008) 'Methodological Individualism and Rational Choice' in C. Rues and D. Snidal, The Oxford handbook of international relations , Oxford: Oxford University Press Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

McLean,I.‘Rational Choice and Politics’, Political studies. 39-3, pp. 416-512

Hodgson, G.M. (2012) 'On the Limits of Rational Choice Theory', Economic Thought, 1 (1), open acess journal on-line at http://et.worldeconomicsassociation.org/article/view/29

Hindess, B. (1988) Choice, rationality and social theory , London-Unwin

Riker, W. H. (1997) ‘The Ferment of the 1950s and the Development of Rational Choice Theory’ in K.R. Monroe (ed) Contemporary empirical political theory , (Berkley-University of California Press, 1997)

+ McClean, I. (2001)  Rational Choice and British Politics , Oxford: Oxford University Press, a novel blend of political science and historical analysis

+ Downs, A. (1957) An Economic Theory of Democracy , New York- Harper and Row, a classic work of political science

+ Dowding, K. et al ‘Understanding Urban Governance- The Contribution of Rational Choice’ in G. Stoker (ed) The new politics of British local governance (Basingstoke- MacMillan, 2000) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

#Olsen, M. The Logic of Collective Action- Public Goods and the Theory of Groups (Cambridge, Mass.- Harvard University Press, 1965)

Quinn, T.(2012) ‘Spin-doctors and Political News Management: A Rational Choice ‘Exchange’ Analysis’, British politics. , 7, 272-300

Kaufman, S. (2006) Symbolic Politics, or Rational Choice? Testing Theories of Extreme Ethnic Violence’, International security. , 30, 4, 45

Specifically on public choice theory

#Dunleavy, P. (1991) Democracy, bureaucracy and public choice : economic explanations in political science (Hemel Hempstead- Harvester-Wheatsheaf, 1991)

# Maclean, I  (1987) Public choice : an introduction Oxford- Basil Blackwell,

Lane, J-E (1987) Bureaucracy and public choice , London: Sage

+  James, O. (1995) ‘Explaining the Next Steps in the Department of Social Security- the bureau-shaping model of central state reorganisation’, Political studies. , 43- 614-629

+ Marsh, D. et al (2000) ‘Bureaucrats, Politicians and Reform in Whitehall- Analysing the Bureau Shaping Model’ British journal of political science. , 30 (3), 461-482, argues that the bureau-shaping model has weaknesses (available electronically)

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Institutional Approaches 

* Lowndes, V. ‘The Institutional Approach’ David Marsh and Gerry Stoker, Theory and Methods in Political Science (London- Palgrave, 2010)

*Peters, B.G. (2012) Institutional Theory in Political Science ,London- Continuum (see also 1999 and 2005 versions)

*Blyth, M. ‘Institutions and Ideas’ David Marsh and Gerry Stoker, Theory and Methods in Political Science (London- Palgrave, 2002), Chapter 14

*.Rhodes, R. ‘Institutionalism’, Marsh and Stoker, Theory and Methods in Political Science (London-MacMillan, 1995), Chapter 2, particularly useful for explaining traditional institutionalist approaches)

*John, P. (2000) 'Institutions' in Analysing Public Policy ,London-Continuum, accessible with useful examples (available high demand)

John, P. (2012) Analysing Public Policy , London-Continuum

*March, J.and Olsen,J.‘The New Institutionalism- Organizational Factors in Political Life’, The American political science review. , 78-3 (1984), pp. 734-749 (also available on-line at http://www.la.utexas.edu/users/chenry/core/Course%20Materials/March1984/0.pdf )

Lowndes, V. (1996) ‘ Varieties of New Institutionalism- A Critical Appraisal’, Public administration. , 74- 181-197

*Rhodes, R.‘Institutionalism’, Marsh and Stoker, Theory and Methods in Political Science (London-MacMillan, 1995), Chapter 2, particularly useful for explaining traditional institutionalist approaches)

Skocpol, T. and Pearson, P. (2002) “Historical Institutionalism in Contemporary Political Science”, pp. 693-721 in Political science : the state of the discipline. , edited by Ira Katznelson and Helen V. Milner, New York- W.W. Norton Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva ,

Steinmo, S. "The New Institutionalism" in Clark, B. and Foweraker,J.  eds., Encyclopedia of democratic thought , (London- Routledge, July, 2001)

Amenta, E.12) ‘Historical Institutionalism’ in E. Amenta, K. Nash and A. Scott (ed) E. Amenta, K. Nash and A. Scott (ed) The Wiley-Blackwell companion to political sociology, Oxford: Blackwell, chapter 5, 47-56. Available on-line

Parsons, W. Public policy : an introduction to the theory and practice of policy analysis , (Aldershot- Edward Elgar) pp. 223-231, 323-336 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Rhodes, R (1997) The Institutional Approach’ in Rhodes R.  Understanding governance : policy networks, governance, reflexivity, and accountability , (Buckingham, Open University Press, 1997) Chapter 4 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

 Hall, P.  Taylor, R. (1996) Political Science and the three New Institutionalisms’, Political studies. , 44-5 (1996), pp. 936-957, useful summary of some key new institutionalist perspectives

 March, J. and Olsen, J. (1989) Rediscovering institutions : the organizational basis of politics , (Oxford- Maxwell MacMillan)

Thelen, K. and Steinmo,S. (1992)  ‘Historical Institutionalism in Comparative Politics’, in Sven Steinmo et al, Structuring politics : historical institutionalism in comparative analysis , Cambridge- Cambridge University Press,

Hay, C. and Wincott, D.(1998) ‘Structure, Agency and Historical Institutionalism’, Political studies. , 46 (5), 951-7 (available electronically)

Pierson, P. (2000) ‘Increasing Returns, Path Dependence and the Study of Politics’, The American political science review. , 94 (2), 251-68, see particularly early pages

+ Lowndes, V. and Wilson, D. (2003) ‘Balancing Revisability and Robustness? A New Institutionalist Perspective on Local Government Modernization’ Public administration. , 81 (2), 275-298

+ Hall., P.(1993) ‘Policy Paradigms, Social Learning and the State- The Case of Economic Policy-Making in Britain’, Comparative politics. , 25(3), 175-96

+ Pierson, P. (1996) ‘The Path to European Integration- A Historical Institutional Analysis’, Comparative political studies. , 29 (2) 123-63

+ Bulmer, S (1997) New institutionalism, the single market and EU governance , Arena Working Papers, WP/97/25

(only available on-line at http://www.sv.uio.no/arena/english/research/publications/arena-publications/workingpapers/working-papers1997/wp97_25.htm )

+ Bulmer, S. (1998) New Institutionalism and the Governance of the Single European Market, Journal of European public policy. , 15 (3), 365-386

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Feminist Perspectives

*J. Chapman ‘The Feminist Perspective’ Marsh and Stoker Theory and methods in political science (London: Palgrave, 1995), Chapter 5

*J. Chapman Politics, feminism and the reformation of gender (London: Routledge, 1993)

*J. Kantola ‘Feminism’ in Hay, C. Lister, M. and Marsh, D. (eds) The state : theories and issues , (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2006) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

*S. Jackson and J. Jones, Contemporary feminist theories (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1999) especially chapters 1 and 2

*C. Beasley, What is feminism? : an introduction to feminist theory (London: Sage, 1999), especially chapters 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7

*C. Pateman, (1987) Feminist critiques of the public/private dichotomy , available in High Demand

Nally, C. and Smith A. (2015) Twenty-first century feminism : forming and performing femininity , Basingstoke, Palgrave

J. Evans, Feminist theory today : an introduction to second-wave feminism (London: Sage, 1995) contains chapters on liberal, socialist and Postmodern feminism

Budgeon, S. (2011) Third wave feminism and the politics of gender in late modernity , Basingstoke: Palgrave

V. Randall ‘Feminism’ David Marsh and Gerry Stoker, Theory and methods in political science (London: Palgrave, 2010)

J. Dean (2010) Rethinking contemporary feminist politics , (Basingstoke: Palgrave)

J Dean (2012). ‘Gender, Power, Politics’ in Edwin Amenta, Kate Nash and Alan Scott (eds). The Wiley-Blackwell companion to political sociology . Oxford: Blackwell, Chapter 25, 283-293

S.Walby (2011) The future of feminism . Polity Press.

M. Walters, Feminism : a very short introduction , (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005)

A. Phillips (ed.), Feminism and equality , (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1987), see especially Pateman chapter ‘Feminist Critiques of the Public-Private Dichotomy’ Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

A. Phillips, Feminism and politics , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998)

A. McRobbie (2008) The aftermath of feminism : gender, culture and social change , London: Sage

B. Arneil, Politics & feminism , (Blackwell, 1999)

b. hooks, Feminism is for everybody : passionate politics , London Pluto

B. Ryan, Feminism and the women's movement : dynamics of change in social movement, ideology and activism , (London: Routledge, 1992)

C. Pateman, The sexual contract (London: Polity Press, 1988)

E. Spelman, Inessential woman : problems of exclusion in feminist thought (London: Womens’s Press, 1990)

J. Butler and J.Scott, Feminists theorize the political , (London: Routledge, 1992)

J. Saul, Feminism : issues & arguments , (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003)

L. Segal, Is the future female? : troubled thoughts on contemporary feminism (London: Virago, 1987)

M. Humm, Feminisms : a reader , (London: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1992)

J. Hannaam, Feminism (Harlow: Pearson Longman, 2007)

McCann, C.R. and Seung-Kyung, K. Feminist theory reader : local and global perspective , (London: Routledge, 2003)

A. Hughes and A. Witz (1997) ‘ Feminism and the matter of bodies : from de Beavoir to Butler ', available in High Demand - Available online: http://bod.sagepub.com/content/3/1/47.full.pdf+ html

N.C.M. Harstock, ‘How Feminist Scholarship Could Change Political Science’ in K.R. Monroe (ed.) Contemporary empirical political theory (Berkley: University of California Press, 1997

R. Tong Feminist thought : a more comprehensive introduction (Oxford: Westview Press, 1998)

S. Benhabib & D.Cornell, Feminism as critique : on the politics of gender , Minneapolis: University of Minisota, 1988)

S. Benhabib (ed) Democracy and difference : contesting the boundaries of the political (London: Women’s Press, 1986)

S. Rowbotham et al, Beyond the fragments : feminism and the making of socialism (London: Merlin, 1980)

V. Bryson, Feminist political theory : an introduction , (London: MacMillan, 1992)

V. Randall (1991) ‘Feminism and Political Analysis’, Political studies. , 39 (3), 513-532

S. Harding, (1991) ‘Feminist Standpoint Epistemology’, extracts from Whose science? Whose knowledge? : thinking from women's lives , Milton Keynes: Open University Press in M. Lederman and I. Bartsch (eds.) The gender and science reader . London: Routledge. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

D. Haraway, (1986) ‘Situated Knowledges: The Science Question in Feminism and the Privilege of Partial Perspective’, Feminist Studies.. , 14 (3), 575-599.

+ J. Lovenduski, Feminizing politics , (Cambridge: Polity, 2005)

+ K.E. Ferguson, The feminist case against bureaucracy (Philidelphia: Temple University Press 1984)

+ S. Ruddick, Maternal thinking : towards a politics of peace (London: Women’s Press, 1990)

+ J. Lovenduski and Vicky Randall, Contemporary feminist politics : women and power in Britain (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1993)

+ Enloe, C. (1989) Beaches, Bananas, Bases, London: Pandora

+ Cohn, C. (1987) 'Sex and Death in the World of Rational Defense Intellectuals', Signs.,  12(4), 687-718

#S. Kemp & J. Squires, Feminisms , (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997)

#M. O’Brien, The politics of reproduction , (London: Routledge, 1981)

#S. Firestone, The dialectic of sex : the case for feminist revolution (London: Women’s Press, 1970)

Specifically on Liberal Feminist Perspectives

*B. Friedan, The feminine mystique , (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1986)

*C. Pateman (1986) ‘The Theoretical Subversive Feminism’ in C. Pateman and E Gross (eds) Feminist challenges : social and political theory , (London: Allen Unwin)

D. Coole, Women in political theory : from ancient misogyny to contemporary feminism , (Brighton: Wheatsheaf, 1988)

J. Grimshaw Feminist philosophers : women's perspectives on philosophical traditions , Brighton: Wheatsheaf, 1986)

K. Millett, Sexual politics , (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1985)

K. Nash, Universal difference : feminism and the liberal undecidability of 'women' (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1998)

S. Moller Okin, Women in Western political thought (Guilford: Princeton University Press, 1990)

Z. Eisentein, The radical future of liberal feminism , (Boston: Noreastern University Press: 1981)

A. Jagger, Feminist politics and human nature , (Brighton: Harvester, 1983)

J. Evans, Feminist theory today : an introduction to second-wave feminism (London: Sage, 1995), chapters 2, 3

Specifically socialist/Marxist feminist perspectives

*N. Holstrom (2003) ‘The Socialist Feminist Project’, Monthly review. , 54 (10)

*B. Ehenreich (2005) ‘What is Socialist Feminism? , Monthly review. , 57, (3)

J. Mitchell, Woman's estate , Handsworth: Penguin

M. Barrett , Women's oppression today : problems in Marxist feminist analysis (London: Verson, 1988)

H. Hartmann (ed) The unhappy marriage of marxism and feminism : towards a more progressive union (in High Demand) - Available online: http://cnc.sagepub.com/content/3/2/1.short? rss=1&ssource=mfr

L. Vogel (1995) Woman questions : essays for a materialist feminism (London: Routledge)

J. Evans, Feminist theory today : an introduction to second-wave feminism (London: Sage, 1995), chapter 8

Specifically on Radical Feminist Perspectives

#S.Firestone, The dialectic of sex : the case for feminist revolution (London: Women’s Press, 1979)

+ K.E. Ferguson, The feminist case against bureaucracy (Philidelphia: Temple University Press 1984)

A Rich, Of woman born : motherhood as experience and institution , (London: Virago, 1977)

A. Dworkin, Woman hating , (New York: Plume)

D Bell and R Klein (eds) (1996) Radically speaking : feminism reclaimed (London: Zed, 1996)

S Brownmiller, Against our will : men, women and rape (New York: Fawcett Columbine, 1993)

On Postmodern Feminism

L. Nicholson (ed.) Social criticism without philosophy : an encounter between feminism and postmodernism , (London: Routledge, 1997) - Available online: http://tcs.sagepub.com/content/5/2/373.full.pdf+ html

E. Flynn Feminism beyond modernism , (London: Eurospan, 2002)

N. Fraser & L. Nicholson (1990) ‘ Social criticism without philosophy : an encounter between feminism and postmodernism ’, available in High Demand - Available online: http://www.jstor.org/stable/827810? seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Jenny Gunnarsson Payne. (2012). 'The logics of Sisterhood: Intra-feminist debates in Swedish feminist zines'. The European journal of women's studies. . 19 (2): 187-202.

J. Flax ‘Postmodernism and Gender Relations in Feminist Theory’ in S. Kemp & J. Squires, Feminisms , (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997)

E. Wright ‘Thoroughly Postmodern Feminist Criticism’ in #S. Kemp & J. Squires, Feminisms , (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997)

J. Evans, Feminist theory today : an introduction to second-wave feminism (London: Sage, 1995), chapter 9

NB. There are a number of feminist academic journals available electronically from the library, including Feminist Review and Feminist Theory. However, beware as the articles tend to be highly advanced in content and argument. A range of links to feminist websites, databases on gender studies and information on women in politics can be accessed through the library’s Gender Studies page on http://www.leeds.ac.uk/library/subjects/genstud/

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Discourse Analysis

*David Howarth ‘Discourse Theory’, Theory and Methods in Political Science , (London-MacMillan, 1995), First Edition)

*Howarth, David, ‘Discourse Theory and Political Analysis’ in Scarborough and Tanenbaum, eds (1998), Research Strategies in the Social Sciences , Ch. 12. Pp 268-294

Howarth, David, Norval, Aletta and Yannis Stavrakakis (eds) Discourse theory and political analysis : identities, hegemonies and social change (Manchester- Manchester University Press, 2000)

Laclau, Ernesto, ‘Discourse’ in Goodin, Robert A., and Philip, Pettit (eds) A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy , (Oxford- Blackwell, 1995), pp. 431-437

Townshend, Jules, ‘Laclau’s and Mouffe’s Hegemonic Project- The Story so Far’, Political studies. , 52, 2004, pp. 269-288

D. Howarth (2013) Poststructuralism and after : structure, subjectivity, and power , Palgrave 

+ G.O. Edwards (2012) ‘A Comparative Discourse Analysis of the Construction of ‘in-groups’ in the 2005 and 2010 manifestos of the British National Party’, Discourse & society. , May, 23, 245-259

 P.L. Dumire (2012) Political Discourse Analysis: Exploring the Language of Politics and the Politics of Language, Language and linguistics compass 6, 11, 735-751

#I. Fairclough and N. Fairclough (2012) Political discourse analysis : a method for advanced students , London; Routledge 

D. Ponton (2010) 'The Female Political Leader: A Study of gender-identity in the case of Margaret Thatcher', Journal of language and politics. , 9, 2, 195-218

K. Horner and JJ. Weber (2011) 'Not Playing the Game: Shifting Patterns in the discourse of Migration', Journal of language and politics. , 10, 2, 139-159

E. Laclau and C. Mouffe (1997), ‘Post-Marxism without Apologies’, New left review. , 166, pp.79-106

#E. Laclau and C. Mouffe Hegemony and Socialist Strategy (London- Verso, 1985)

*+ N. Fairclough New Labour, new language? (London- Routledge, 2000), interesting examination of New Labour’s use of discourse

N. Fairclough Analysing Discourse (London- Routledge, 2003)

+ N. Fairclough Discourse and social change . (London- Verso, 1992), contains some good examples

N. Fairclough Critical discourse analysis : the critical study of language (London- Longman, 1995)

Hunt and T. Purvis, (1993) ‘Discourse, Ideology, Discourse, Ideology, Discourse, Ideology, Discourse, Ideology..’ The British journal of sociology. , 44 (3), 473-99

Glyn Daly ‘Marxism and Postmodernity’ in A. Gamble, D. Marsh and T.Tant Marxism and social science , London- MacMillan, 1999), Chapter Four Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

J. Townshend (2003) ‘Discourse Theory and Political Analysis- A New Paradigm from the Essex School? ’, British journal of politics & international relations. , 5 (1) pp 129-142, a good book review which both explains and critiques recent work (available electronically)

S. Hall ‘ The West and the rest : discourse and power ’ photocopies available at library counter collection

+ Stuart McAnulla ‘Fade To Grey? Symbolic Politics in the Post Thatcher Era’ in J. Stayner and G Stoker (eds) Contemporary political studies. (PSA 1997), uses concepts from discourse approaches to analyse the Major Government

+ Hay, C. ‘Mobilisation Through Interpellation- James Bulger, Juvenile Crime and the Construction of a Moral Panic’, Social & legal studies. , 4 (2), 197-224, a look at how the murder of an infant was used to discursively construct issues such as juvenile crime

+ Glyn Daly (1991) ‘The Discursive Construction of Economic Space’, Economy and society. , 20-19-102 Available online

+ Jackson, R. (2005) Writing the war on terrorism : language, politics and counter-terrorism , Manchester: Manchester University Press, uses critical discourse analysis to examine the discursive construction of the war on terror

+  Hülsse, R., & Spencer, A. (2008). The metaphor of terror: Terrorism studies and the constructivist turn. Security dialogue., 39(6), 571-592., explains how discourse has been used to study terrorism

+ Grayson, K., Davies, M., & Philpott, S. (2009). Pop Goes IR? Researching the Popular Culture—World Politics Continuum. Politics., 29(3), 155-163., an  general introduction ot the study of popular culture adn world politics, a field that often uses discourse analysis

#Michael Foucault, The archaeology of knowledge (London- Tavistock Publications, 1972)

#Michel Foucault, Discipline and Punish- The Birth of the Prison (London-Tavistock Publications, 1977)

#E. Laclau, New reflections on the revolution of our time (London- Verso, 1990)

#Norman Geras, Discourses of extremity : radical ethics and post-Marxist extravagances (London- Verso, 1990), a book highly critical of the Laclau and Mouffe perspective

#Bob Jessop, State theory : putting the capitalist state in its place (Cambridge-Polity, 1990) a book on theories of the state, but contains a sophisticated review and critique of discourse analysis and Laclau and Mouffe

NB. Three on-line library journals which contain many articles using discourse analysis are Critical discourse studies Journal of language and politics. and Discourse analysis online [electronic resource]. Articles from these journals can be accessed electronically in the library after typing in the relevant journal title. Two other new journals can currently be accessed free on the web – Language and Capitalism on http://www.languageandcapitalism.info/ , and Critical Approaches to Discourse Analysis Across Disciplines on http://www.cadaad.org/ejournal

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Using Documents and Archives

Burnham, P. (et al) Research Methods in Politics (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2008), ‘Documentary and Archival Analysis’

Bryman, A (2012)  Social Research Methods , Oxford: Oxford University Press, chapter 23

May, T.  Social Research: Issues, Methods and Process , Ch. 8 ‘Documentary Research’

Halperin, S. and O. Heath (2012) Political research : methods and practical skills , Oxford: Oxford University Press, chapter 13

Jones, R.  Research Methods in the Social and Behavioural Sciences , Ch. 4

Matthews, B. and Ross, L. (2010) Research methods : a practical guide for the social sciences , Harlow: Pearson, chapter C8

Bevir, M, Daddow, O. and Hall, I. (2014) Interpreting global security , London: Routledge

Daddow, O. (2011) New Labour and the European Union : Blair and Brown's logic of history , Manchester: Manchester University Press

Harrison, L., Callan, T (2013) Key research concepts in politics & international relations , London: Sage, see entry on ‘Documentary Analysis’

May, T. (2011) Social Research: Issues, Methods and Process , Maidenhead: Open University Press, chapter 8 ‘Documentary Research’

Sarantakos, S. (2012). Social research (4th ed.). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, chapter 13 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

O’Laughlin, B. ((2007) ‘Interpreting Institutional Discourse’ in Thomas, A., and G. Mohan (eds.) (2007) Research skills for policy and development : how to find out fast London: Sage Publications

 Hammett, D, Twyman, C. and Graham, M (2015) ‘Archives, Documentary and Visual Data’ ’ in Hammett, D, Twyman, C. and Graham, M (2015) Research and fieldwork in development Routledge

Johnson and Joslyn, Political science research methods , Ch. 9 ‘Document Analysis’

Manheim and Rich, Empirical Political Analysis , Ch. 10 ‘Content Analysis’

Ethridge, The political research experience : readings and analysis , Ch. 8 ‘Content Analysis’

Anne Deighton, ‘Say it with documents: British policy overseas, 1945-1952’, Review of international studies. , 18 (1992), pp.392-402

 Platt, J.‘Evidence and Proof in Documentary Research’, The sociological review. , 29: 1 (1991) pp.31-52 & 53-66

There are published collections of documents held in the Brotherton Library, including Foreign relations of the United States. and British Documents on Foreign Affairs

British government documents held in the Brotherton Library include Hansard (Parliamentary Debates) and the publications of the various government departments. Also check government web sites.

There are many published reports by organisations such as the OECD, the World Bank, the IMF and the UN, as well as government reports, in the Brotherton.

There are many documents held on microfiche and microfilm: for information on these see the library handouts on Some Source Materials for Recent International History and Materials in Microform for Mediaeval and Modern History. (located just inside stairwell on Brotherton Main Floor 3)

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Interviews

A. Bryman (2012) Social Research Methods, Oxford: Oxford University Press, chapter 20

*A. Vromnen (2010) 'Rediscovering Qualitative Methods', Marsh, D. and Stoker, G. Theory and Methods in Political Science , Basingstoke: Palgrave

*B. Matthews and L. Ross (2010) Research methods : a practical guide for the social sciences , (London: Longman) see especially Ch. B4 'Choosing Methods; Ch. C4 'Semi-Structured Interviews'

P. Burnham (et al) Research Methods in Politics (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2008), ‘Elite Interviewing’

Halperin, S. and O. Heath (2012) Political research : methods and practical skills , Oxford: Oxford University Press, chapter 11

A. Bryman, Social research methods , Ch. 15 (2001)

R.B.Burns, Introduction to research methods , Ch.24 (2000) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

+ Anderson, E.L. (2015) Gender, HIV and risk : navigating structural violence , Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan 

M.Stroh, Qualitative Interviewing, in Burton, D. (ed) Research training for social scientists : a handbook for postgraduate researchers (2000)

R.K.Schutt, Investigating the Social World , Ch.8 (1999) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

J.Mason, Qualitative Researching , Ch 3 (1996) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

C.Searle Researching Society and Culture (1998)

R.A.Jones, Research Methods in the Social and Behavioural Sciences (1996)

Rubin, H. and Gubrium, The active interview (1995)

S.Kvale, Interviews : an introduction to qualitative research interviewing (1996)

T. May, Social Research: Issues, Methods and Process , Ch. 6 ‘Interviewing’

Manheim, J, Rich. R. et al (2008),  Empirical Political Analysis  , Essex: Pearson, Ch 21

Etheridge, The political research experience : readings and analysis , Ch. 9 ‘Elite Interviewing’

D. Richards, ‘Elite Interviewing: Approaches and Pitfalls’, Politics. 16: 3 (1996)

Gail Stedward, ‘On the Record: An Introduction to Interviewing’, in Peter Burnham ed., Surviving the research process in politics , 1997 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

G. Moyser & M. Wagstaffe, eds. Research methods for elite studies (1987)

L. Dexter, Elite and specialized interviewing

E. Mishler, Research interviewing : context and narrative (1986)

M. Brenner, J. Brown, & D. Canter, eds. The Research interview : uses and approaches (1985)

D. Lilleker ‘Interviewing the Political Elite: Navigating a Potential Minefield’, Politics. 23: 3, 207-214

Oakley, A. (1981) ‘Interviewing Women: a Contradiction in Terms,’ in H. Roberts (ed.) Doing Feminist Research , London: Routledge.

Focus Groups

      * D.Morgan. (1993)

Successful focus groups : advancing the state of the art

    , London:Sage
      * A. Bryman (2012) 

Social Research Methods, 

    Oxford: Oxford University Press, chapter 21
      * Barbour, R. S. and Kitzinger, J. (1999)

Developing focus group research : politics, theory and practice

    , London: Sage 
      Barbour, R.

Introducing qualitative research : a student's guide

      , Sage: London, chapters 5 and 6

Wilkinson, S. (1998) ‘Focus groups in feminist research: Power, interaction, and the co-construction of meaning’, Women's studies international forum., 21: 1, 111-125

Krueger, R.A. and Casey, M. A. (2015), Focus Groups: a Practical Guide for Applied Research, London: Sage

Liamputtong, P. (2011), Focus group methodology : principle and practice, London: Sage

+ Jarvis, L., & Lister, M. (2016). What would you do? Everyday conceptions and constructions of counter-terrorism. Politics. 36(3), 277-291

+ Stanley, L. (2016). Using focus groups in political science and international relations, Politics., 36(3), 236- 249 

+ Stevens, D., & Vaughan-Williams, N. (2016). Citizens and security threats: Issues, perceptions and consequences beyond the national frame. British journal of political science., 46(01), 149-175.

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Survey Research

Burnham, P. (et al) Research Methods in Politics (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2008) ‘Surveys and Opinion Polls’ Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Bryman, A.  (2012) Social Research Methods, Oxford: Oxford University Press, chapters 9, 10

*Matthews, B.  and Ross, L. (2010)  Research methods : a practical guide for the social sciences ,  ( London: Longman) see especially Ch. B4 'Choosing Methods'; Ch. C3 'Questionnaires'

Halperin, S. and O. Heath (2012) Political research : methods and practical skills , Oxford: Oxford University Press, chapter 10 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Hammett, D, Twyman, C. and Graham, M (2015) ‘Quantitative Methods and Survey Data’ in Hammett, D, Twyman, C. and Graham, M (2015) Research and fieldwork in development , Routledge

Seale, C. (2012) Researching society and culture , London, SAGE, chapter 13 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Bryman, A. Social research methods (2001)

Shutt, R. K. Investigating the Social World (1999)

Burton, D.. (ed) Research training for social scientists : a handbook for postgraduate researchers (2000)

Stapsford, R.  Survey research (1999)

Hakim, C. Research Design (2000)

Babbie, E. Survey research methods (1990)

Bryman, A. Quantity and Quality in Social Research

Pawson,. R. A measure for measures : a manifesto for empirical sociology (1989)

Marsh, C. Exploring Data (1988)

De Vaus, D.   Surveys in Social Research (1991) Part 1 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Fowler, F. Survey Research Methods , 2 nd edn. (1993)

May, T.  Social Research , Ch. 5 ‘Social Survey: Design to Analysis’

Johnson, J.  and Joslyn, H.T. (1995) Political science research methods , Ch. 10 ‘Elite Interviewing and Survey Research’

Manheim, J, Rich. R. et al (2008), Empirical Political Analysis, Essex: Pearson, Ch 8

Ethridge,M. The political research experience : readings and analysis , Ch. 6

J. Morton-Williams, Interviewer approaches (1993)

Hoinville,G  Jowell, R. et al, Survey Research Practice ,

Miller, W. The survey method in the social and political sciences : achievements, failures, prospects (1983) Chs. 7 & 8

Morton-Williams, J. Interviewer approaches (1993)

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Case Studies

      Berg, B. L. Lune, H. (2014)

Qualitative Research Methods for the Social Sciences

    , Harlow: Pearson Education limited
      Yin, R.K. (2014)

Case study research : design and methods

    , Los Angeles: Sage  

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Introductory Data Analysis

Pierce, P.  Research methods in politics : a practical guide (London: Sage, 2008) Ch 13, 14, 15

Burnham, P. (et al) Research methods in politics (Palgrave, 2008), ‘Descriptive Statistics’, ‘Making Inferences’

John, P. ‘Quantitative Methods’ David Marsh and Gerry Stoker, Theory and Methods in Political Science (London: Palgrave, 2010)

Bryman, A. (2012) Social Research Methods , Oxford: Oxford University Press, chapter 15

Halperin, S. and O. Heath (2012) Political research : methods and practical skills , Oxford: Oxford University Press, chapter 14

Hughes, C. (2013) Feminism counts : quantitative methods and researching gender , London, Routledge

Ethridge, M.  (2002), The political research experience : readings and analysis , London: Routledge, Chs 10, 11, 12

Johnson, J. and Joslyn, H.T. , (1995) Political science research methods , London, Sage Chs. 12 and 13

Manheim, J, Rich. R. et al (2008), Empirical Political Analysis , Essex: Pearson Ch 14, 15, 16, 17

King, G. ‘Event Count Models for International Relations: Generalizations and Applications', International studies quarterly. 33 (1989) 123-147 Available online: http://gking.harvard.edu/files/gking/files/ISQ33.pdf

Reid, S. (1987), Working with statistics : an introduction to quantitative methods for social scientists , Cambridge: Polity Press. Easy to read and understandable introduction to statistics.

Anderson, A. (1988), Interpreting data : a first course in statistics Covers many topics e.g. surveys, demographic studies, as well as statistics, but perhaps is a bit short on explaining what the statistics mean.

Clegg, F. (1990), Simple statistics : a course book for the social sciences . Is more geared up for psychology than politics, but is useful for explaining when you would use what types of statistics.

Rose, D. & Sullivan, O (1996), Introducing Data Analysis for Social Scientists .

Healy, J. (1993), Statistics: A Tool for Social Research , Comprehensive and detailed, with exercises, but can make things sound more complicated than they need to be.s

This list was last updated on 23/09/2016