Leeds University Library

HIST2441
Module Reading List

Race, Gender and Cultural Protest in the US since 1865, 2017/18, Semester 2
Dr Kate Dossett
k.dossett@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

General Texts and Edited Collections

* Sara M. Evans, Born for Liberty: A History of Women in America (Freepress Paperbacks: New York, 1997)

Patricia Hill Collins and Sirma Bilge, Intersectionality  (Cambridge: Polity, 2016)

Sharon Block, Ruth M. Alexander and Mary Beth Norton, eds, Major problems in American women's history : documents and essays , 5th edition (2014)

Dawn Keetley and John Pettegrew, eds, Public Women, Public Words: A Documentary History of American Feminism , vol. 2, 1900-1960, and vol. 3, 1960 to the Present (2002)

Elizabeth Reis, ed., American Sexual Histories (2000)

Nancy Bercaw, ed., Gender and the Southern Body Politic: Essays and Comments , by Peter Bardaglio, Kathleen M. Brown, et al, (2000)

Deborah Gray White, Too heavy a load : black women in defense of themselves, 1894-1994 (1999)

Paula Giddings, When and Where I Enter: The Impact of Black Women on Race and Sex in America (1996)

Darlene Clark Hine and Kathleen Thomson, A Shining Thread of Hope: The History of Black Women in America (1998)

Angela Davis, Women, Race and Class (2001)

Evelyn Nakano Glenn, Unequal freedom : how race and gender shaped American citizenship and labor (2002)

Barbara Welter, Dimity Convictions: The American Woman in the Nineteenth Century (1976)

Nancy F. Cott, The Grounding of Modern Feminism (1987)

Guida West and Rhoda Lois Blumberg, eds, Women and social protest (1990)

Kathleen M.Blee, ed., No middle ground : women and radical protest (1998)

* Recommended purchase

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Gender, Women’s Studies and the Academy

Tessie Liu, ‘Teaching Differences Among Women from Historical Perspective: Rethinking Race and Gender as Social Categories’ in Vicki L. Ruiz & Ellen Carol DuBois eds., Unequal sisters : a multicultural reader in U.S. women's history (3rd ed. New York, 2000): 627-638 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Audre Lorde “The Master's Tools Will Never Dismantle the Master's House” in Sister outsider : essays and speeches , (The Crossing Press Feminist Series, 1984)

Gender, Women’s Studies and the Academy

Joan Scott, ‘Gender: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis’, The American historical review. , 91 (5) (1986), 1053-1075

Marilyn J. Boxer, When women ask the questions : creating women's studies in America (1998)

Mary Evans and Judith Lorber, 'The Life and Times of Academic Feminism,' in Handbook of gender and women's studies , ed. by Kathy Davis (2006), pp. 1-29 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Alice E. Ginsberg, The evolution of American women's studies : reflections on triumphs, controversies, and change (2008)[electronic resource]

Gerda Lerner, “U.S. Women's History: Past, Present, and Future” Journal of Women's History , 16 (4) (2004), 10-27

Kathi Kern, “Productive Collaborations: The Benefits of Cultural Analysis to the Past, Present, and Future of Women's History,” Journal of women's history, 16 (4) (2004), 34-40

Nancy Cott, Gerda Lerner, Kathryn Kish Sklar Ellen DuBois and Nancy Hewitt, “Considering the State of U.S. Women’s History,” Journal of women's history , 15 (1) (2003), 154-163

Jacqueline Jones, "Race and Gender in Modern America," Reviews in American history , 26 (1) (1998), 220-238

Baca Zinn, Maxine, Lynn Weber Canon, Elizabeth Higginbotham, and Bonnie Dill Thornton, “The Costs of Exclusionary Practices in Women's Studies," Signs , 11 (2) (1986), 290-303

Hazel Carby, "Race and the Academy: Feminism and the Politics of Difference," in Cultures in Babylon : black Britain and African America (New York: Verso, 1999) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

V.P. Franklin, "In Plain View: African American Women, Radical Feminism, and the Origins of Women's Studies Programs, 1967-1974," Journal of African American History 87 (2002), 433-445

Guy-Sheftall, Beverly, "Other Mothers of Women's Studies," in The politics of women's studies : testimony from thirty founding mothers , ed. by Florence Howe (New York: Feminist Press at The City University of New York, 2000)

Evelyn Nakano Glenn, Unequal freedom : how race and gender shaped American citizenship and labor (2002) (a good historiographical overview of how historians have approached race and gender)

bell hooks, "Feminism and Black Women's Studies," Sage: A Scholarly Journal on Black Women 6, (1) (1989), 54-56

(En)gendering knowledge : feminists in academe , eds. Joan Hartman and Ellen Messer-Davidow (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991)

The politics of women's studies : testimony from thirty founding mothers , ed. Florence Howe (New York: Feminist Press at The City University of New York, 2000)

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Women in the Nineteenth Century

Carroll Smith-Rosenburg, Disorderly Conduct: Visions of Gender in Victorian America (1986)

Linda Gordon, ‘U.S Women’s History’ in Eric Foner, ed, The New American History (1997)

Martha Hodes, White Women, Black Men: Illicit Sex in the Nineteenth-Century South (1999)

BarbaraWelter, ‘The Cult of True Womanhood: 1820-1860,’ American Quarterly. , 18 (2) (1966), 151-174

CarrollSmith-Rosenberg, ‘The Female World of Love and Ritual,’ in Major Problems in American Women’s History , 2nd edn., ed. by Mary Beth Norton and Ruth M. Alexander (Lexington, M.A.: D.C. Heath, 1996), pp. 122-132

Mary LouiseRoberts, ‘True Womanhood Revisited,’ Journal of women's history. , 14 (1) (2002), 150-155

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Reconstruction and the Origins of Segregation

John H. Cell, The Highest Stage of White Supremacy (1982)

C Van Woodward, Origins of the New South (1951)

Edward Ayers, Vengeance and Justice (1984)

Edward Ayers, Promise of the New South (1992)

Joel Williamson, The Crucible of Race (1984)

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Race and Gender in the New South

Films

The birth of a nation [videorecording] [videorecording] (D.W Griffith, 1915)

Gone with the wind [videorecording] [videorecording] (Dir. Victor Fleming, 1939)

Books

Glenda Gilmore Gender and Jim Crow : women and the politics of white supremacy in North Carolina, 1896-1920 (1996) espc. Chs 3, 4 and 5

Laura F. Edwards, Gendered strife & confusion : the political culture of Reconstruction (1997)

Laura F. Edwards, Scarlett doesn't live here anymore : Southern women in the Civil War era , (2000)

Anne Firor Scott, The Southern lady : from pedestal to politics, 1830-1930 (1970)

Stephen Kantrowitz, Ben Tillman & the reconstruction of white supremacy (2000)

Evelyn Nakano Glenn, Unequal freedom : how race and gender shaped American citizenship and labor (2002)

Marjorie Spruill Wheeler, New women of the new South : the leaders of the woman suffrage movement in the southern states (1993)

Nancy MacLean, Behind the mask of chivalry : the making of the second Ku Klux Klan (1994)

Sarah E. Gardner, Blood & irony : Southern white women's narratives of the Civil War, 1861-1937 (2004)

Tara McPherson, Reconstructing Dixie : race, gender, and nostalgia in the imagined South (2003)

Jane Turner Censer, The reconstruction of white Southern womanhood, 1865-1895 (2003)

Louise Michele Newman, White women's rights : the racial origins of feminism in the United States (1999)

.Dolores Janiewski, Sisterhood denied : race, gender, and class in a New South community (1985)

Don H. Doyle, New men, new cities, new South : Atlanta, Nashville, Charleston, Mobile, 1860-1910 (1990)

Kim Nielsen, Un-American womanhood : antiradicalism, antifeminism, and the first Red Scare (2001)

Articles and Essays

Andrea Meryl Kirshenbaum, '"The Vampire That Hovers Over North Carolina": Gender, White Supremacy, and the Wilmington Race Riot of 1898,' Southern cultures 4 (3) (1998),

Martha Hodes, “The Sexualization of Reconstruction Politics: White Women and Black Men in the South after the Civil War”, Journal of the history of sexuality.  3 (1993), 401-17

Lee Ann Whites, “Rebecca Latimer Felton and the Problem of ‘Protection’ in the New South,” in Visible Women: New Essays on American Activism ed. by Nancy A. Hewitt and Suzanne Lesbock (1993), pp. 41-61 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Sander L. Gilman 'Black Bodies, White Bodies: Toward an Iconography of Female Sexuality in Late Nineteenth-Century Art, Medicine, and Literature,' Critical inquiry , 12 (1): "Race," Writing, and Difference (1985), 204-242

Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham, "African-American Women's History and the Metalanguage of Race," Signs , 17 (1992), 251-74

Elizabeth Reis, ed, American Sexual Histories ( 2000)

'Rethinking southern masculinity: an introduction' in Craig Thompson Friend and Lorri Glover, eds., Southern Manhood: Perspectives on Masculinity in the Old South (2004)

Rebecca Montgomery, 'Lost Cause Mythology in New South Reform: Gender, Class, Race, and the Politics of Patriotic Citizenship in Georgia, 1890-1925', in Janet L. Coryell, Thomas H. Appleton, Jr, Anastatia Sims, Sandra Gioia Treadway, eds. Negotiating Boundaries of Southern Womanhood: Dealing with the Powers That Be (2000)

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African Americans Resisting White Supremacy

Glenda Gilmore, Gender and Jim Crow (1996)

Paul Ortiz, Emancipation Betrayed: The Hidden History of Black Organizing and White Violence from Reconstruction to the Bloody Election of 1920 (2005)

Jacqueline Jones, Labor of Love, Labor of Sorrow: Black Women, Work and the Family, from Slavery to the Present (1985), esp. Chs. 2, 3 & 4

Angela Davis, Women, Race and Class (1983; 2001), esp. Chs. 1, 2, 4, 5 11

Paula Giddings, When and Where I Enter: The Impact of Black Women on Race and Sex in America (1996), esp. Chs. 3, 4, & 5

Deborah Gray White,  Too heavy a load : black women in defense of themselves, 1894-1994 (1999), esp. Chs. 1, 2, 4 & 5 

Tera Hunter To Joy My Freedom: Southern Black Women’s Lives and Labors After the Civil War (1997), esp. Chs. 2 & 5

Michelle A. Krowl, 'Her Just Dues: Civil War Pensions of African American Women in Virginia,' in Janet L. Coryell, Thomas H. Appleton, Jr, Anastatia Sims, Sandra Gioia Treadway, eds, Negotiating Boundaries of Southern Womanhood: Dealing with the Powers That Be (2000)

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Women’s Suffrage

Sara Evans, Born for liberty : a history of women in America , Chs. 5, 6 & 7 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Ann Braude, Radical spirits : spiritualism and women's rights in nineteenth-century America (2002)

Nancy F. Cott, The Grounding of Modern Feminism (1987)

Ellen Carol Dubois, Feminism and Suffrage (1984)

Ellen Carol DuBois, Woman suffrage and women's rights (1998)

Faye E. Dudden, Fighting chance : the struggle over woman suffrage and Black suffrage in Reconstruction America (2011)

Allison L. Sneider Suffragists in an imperial age : U.S. expansion and the woman question, 1870-1929 (2008)

Katherine H. Adams, Alice Paul and the American suffrage campaign (2008)

Rebecca Edwards, Angels in the Machinery: Gender in American Party Politics from the Civil War to the Progressive Era (1997)

Susan Zaeske, Signatures of Citizenship: Petitioning, Antislavery, and Women's Political Identity (2003)

Karlyn Kohrs Campbell, Man Cannot Speak for Her: A Critical Study of Early Feminist Rhetoric (1989)

Eleanor Flexner, Century of Struggle: The Woman’s Rights Movement in the United States (1975)

Aileen Kraditor, The Ideas of the Woman Suffrage Movement 1890-1920 (1965)

Rosalyn Terborg-Penn, African American Women in the Struggle for the Vote, 1850-1920 (1998)

Marjorie Spruill Wheeler, ed One Woman, One Vote: Rediscovering the Woman Suffrage Movement (1995)

New Women of the New South: The Leaders of the Woman Suffrage Movement in the Southern States (1993), esp. Chs. 4 & 5

Joel Williamson, The Crucible of Race (1984)

Cynthia Neverdon-Morton, Afro-American Women of the South (1989)

Elna C. Green, Southern Strategies: Southern Women and the Woman Suffrage Question (1997)

Anne Firor Scott, Ch.7 ‘The Right to Vote.’ In The Southern Lady: From Pedestal to Politics, 1830-1930 (1970; reprint 1995)

Ellen Carol DuBois, Harriot Stanton Blatch and the Winning of Woman Suffrage (1997)

Noralee Frankel, and Nancy S. Dye eds., Gender, Class, Race, and Reform in the Progressive Era (1992)

Louise Michele Newman, White women's rights : the racial origins of feminism in the United States (1999)

Paula Giddings, Ch. 7 ‘The Quest for Suffrage (Before World War 1)’ in When and Where I Enter: The Impact of Black Women on Race and Sex in America (1984; 1996),pp. 119-134 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Angela Davis, Women, Race and Class ,esp. Chss 3, 4, 7 & 9 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Darlene Clark Hine and Kathleen Thompson, A Shining Thread of Hope , esp. Ch. 6

Deborah Gray White,  Too heavy a load : black women in defense of themselves, 1894-1994  (1999), Chs. 1 & 2

Articles & Essays

Jean Quataert and Leigh Ann Wheeler, ‘Feminism and Woman Suffrage: Debate, Difference, and the Importance of Context’, Journal of women's history. , 24 (2) (2012), 7-12

Eileen Boris, “Race and Politics in U.S. Women's History,” Journal of women's history 11 (3) (1999), 203-212

Elsa Barkley Brown, "Negotiating and Transforming the Public Sphere: African American Political Life in the Transition from Slavery to Freedom," Public Culture 7 (1994), 107-46 - Available online: http://drum.lib.umd.edu/bitstream/handle/1903/13704/barkleybrown_negotiatingandtransforming.pdf;sequence=1

Marjorie Julina Spruill, ‘Race, Reform and Reaction at the Turn of the Century: Southern Suffragists, the NAWSA, and the “Southern Strategy” in Context,’ in Jean H. Baker, ed., Votes for Women: The Struggle for Suffrage Revisited (2002), pp 102-117

Robert Booth Fowler and Spencer Jones, ‘Carrie Chapman Catt and the Last Years of the Struggle for Woman Suffrage: “The Winning Plan,” in Votes for Women: The Struggle for Suffrage Revisited ,pp. 130-142

Suzanne Lesbock, “Woman Suffrage and White Supremacy: A Virginia Case Study,” in Visible Women: New Essays on American Activism ,eds. Nancy Hewitt and Suzanne Lesbock (1993)

Rosalyn Terborg-Penn, ‘Discrimination Against Afro-American Women in the Women’s Movement, 1830-1920,’ in Sharon Harley and Rosalyn Terborg-Penn, eds, The Afro-American Woman: Struggles and Images (1978)

“Discontented Black Feminists: Prelude and Postscript to the Passage of the Nineteenth Amendment,” in Lois Scharf and Joan M. Jensen, eds, Decades of discontent : the women's movement, 1920-1940 (1983) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

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Birth Control and Sexuality

Sara Evans, Born For Liberty ,Ch.8

Women & Social Movements in the United States 1600-2000 [electronic resource].

Linda Gordon, The moral property of women : a history of birth control politics in America ( 2002)

James Reed, The birth control movement and American society : from private vice to public virtue : with a new preface on the relationship between historical scholarship and feminist issues (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1978)

Carol McCann, Birth control politics in the United States, 1916-1945

J. Flavin, Our bodies, our crimes : the policing of women's reproduction in America (New York: New York University Press, 2009)

J. C., Mohr, Abortion in America : the origins and evolution of a national policy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978)

J. Nelson, Women of color and the reproductive rights movement [electronic resource] (New York: New York University Press, 2003)

Jessie M Rodrique, 'The Afro-American Community and the Birth Control Movement, 1918-1942' (PhD Dissertation, University of Massachusetts, 1991) - available online here:  http://scholarworks.umass.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi? article=2174&context=dissertations_1

J., Schoen, Choice & coercion : birth control, sterilization, and abortion in public health and welfare (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2005).

Nancy MacLean, Behind the mask of chivalry : the making of the second Ku Klux Klan , esp. chapter 5 ("Cleaning Up" Morality: The Politics of Sex and Age)

Ann Douglas, Terrible honesty : mongrel Manhattan in the 1920s , esp. ‘Introduction’ and Chs. 3, 6 & 7

Ann Douglas, The Feminization of American Culture (1996)

Linda M. Scott, Fresh lipstick: redressing fashion and feminism (2005)

Joshua Zeitz, Flapper: a madcap story of sex, style, celebrity, and the women who made America modern (2006)

Betsy Israel, Bachelor girl : the secret history of single women (2002)

Angela J. Latham, Posing a threat : flappers, chorus girls, and other brazen performers of the American 1920s , (2000)

Billie Melman, Women and the popular imagination in the twenties: flappers and nymphs (1988)

Sumiko Higashi, Virgins, vamps, and flappers: The American silent movie heroine , (1978)

Kevin White, Sexual liberation or sexual license? : the American revolt against Victorianism (2000)

Margaret A. Lowe, Looking good: college women and body image, 1875-1930 (2003)

Sharon R. Ullman, Sex Seen: The Emergence of Modern Sexuality in America (1997)

Ruth M. Alexander, The “Girl Problem”: Female Sexual Delinquency in New York, 1900-1930 (1995)

Kathleen M. Blee, Women of the Klan: Racism and Gender in the 1920s (1994)

Ellen Chesler, Woman of Valor: Margaret Sanger and the Birth Control Movement in America (1992)

Jean V. Matthews, The Rise of the New Woman: The Women's Movement in America, 1875-1930 (2003)

John D’Emilio and Estelle Freedman, The Intimate Matters: A History of Sexuality in America (1988)

Linda Gordon, Woman's body, woman's right : a social history of birth control in America (1976)

Mary E Odem, Delinquent daughters : protecting and policing adolescent female sexuality in the United States, 1885-1920 (1995)

Kathy Peiss, Cheap amusements : working women and leisure in turn-of-the-century New York (1986)

Marjorie Rosen, Popcorn Venus: Women, Movies and the American Dream (1975)

Paula Fass, The Damned and the Beautiful: American Youth in the 1920s (1977)

Alice Kessler-Harris, Out to Work: A History of Wage-Earning Women in the United States (1982)

Margery W. Davies, Woman's place is at the typewriter : office work and office workers, 1870-1930 (1982), ch. 8

Articles & Essays

Linda Gordon, “The Politics of Population: Birth Control and the Eugenics Movement,” Radical America , 8 (4), 61-98

Joyce Berkman, “The Fertility of Scholarship on the History of Reproductive Rights in the United States,” History compass , 9 (5), (2011), 433–447

Joyce Berkman, "The Question of Margaret Sanger," History compass. , 9 (6) (2011), 474-484

L. J., Reagan, “Medicine, Law and the State: The History of Reproduction,” in N. A. Hewitt, ed., A Companion to American Women’s History (Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2005), pp. 348–65.

Jessie M. Rodrique, 'The Black Community and the Birth Control Movement,' in  Unequal Sisters: A Multicultural Reader in U.S. Women's History , ed. Ellen Carol Dubois and Vicki L. Ruiz (New York: Routledge, 1990) - OR also printed in  Passion and power : sexuality in history ISBN: 0877226377 (pbk.); 0877225966 (alk. paper) , ed. by Kathy Peiss and Christina Simmons with Robert A Padgug (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1989)

Simone M.Caron, ‘Birth Control and the Black Community in the 1960s: Genocide or Power Politics? ’, Journal of Social History. , 31 (3) (1998), 545-569

Loretta J.Ross, ‘African-American Women and Abortion,’ in Abortion wars : a half century of struggle, 1950-2000 , ed. by Rickie Solinger Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998), pp. 161-207 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

AnneValk, ‘Fighting Abortion as a “Health Right” in Washington, D.C.,’ in Feminist coalitions : historical perspectives on second-wave feminism in the United States , ed. by Stephanie Gilmore (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2008), pp. 135-162

Rayner Rapp and Ellen Ross, “The Twenties’ Backlash: Compulsory Heterosexuality, the Consumer Family, and the Waning of Feminism,” in Class, race, and sex : the dynamics of control , ed. by Amy Swerdlow and Hanna Messinger (Boston: G.K. Hall, 1983), pp. 93-107

M. Parry“Pictures with a Purpose,” Journal of women's history 23(4) (2011), 108-130

Christina Simmons, “Modern Sexuality and the Myth of Victorian Repression,” in Passion and power : sexuality in history , ed Kathy Peiss and Christina Simmons (Phildelphia, 1989), pp. 157-77 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Carroll Smith-Rosenburg, “The New Woman as Androgyne,” in Carroll Smith-Rosenberg, ed., Disorderly Conduct visions of gender in Victorian America (1985), pp. 245-96. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Mary Ryan, “The Projection of a New Womanhood: The Movie Moderns in the 1920s,” in Jean Friedman and William Shade, eds, Our American Sisters: Women in American Life and Thought , 3d edn. (1982) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Laura Davidow Hirshbein, 'The Flapper and the Fogy: Representations of Gender and Age in the 1920s', Journal of Family History ,26 (1) (2001), 112-137 [Electronic Journal]

Deborah Saville, 'Freud, Flappers and Bohemians: The Influence of Modern Psychological Thought and Social Ideology on Dress, 1910-1923,' Dress: Journal of the Costume Society of America, 30 (2003), 63-79 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Estelle B. Freedman, 'The New Woman: Changing Views of Women in the 1920s', Journal of American history ,61 (2) (1974)

James R. McGovern, 'The American Woman's Pre-World War I Freedom in Manners and Morals,' The Journal of American history , 55 (2) (1968), 315-333.

Kenneth A. Yellis, 'Prosperity's Child: Some Thoughts on the Flapper' American Quarterly 21 (1) (1969), 44-64

Estelle B. Freedman, “Sexuality in Nineteenth-Century America: Behaviour, Ideology, and Politics,” Reviews in American History 10 (1982)

Margaret Gibson, “The Masculine Degenerate: American Doctors’ Portrayals of the Lesbian Intellect, 1880-1914,’ Journal of Women’s History

‘American Doctors Define the Lesbian and Her Intellect, 1880-1949,’ in Mary Beth Norton, ed., Major Problems in American Women’s History pp. 308-317

Sharon R. Ullman, ‘The Boundaries of Heterosexuality in Early Twentieth-Century America,’ in Mary Beth Norton, ed., Major Problems in American Women’s History , pp. 299-308

Nancy F. Cott, ‘The Modern Architecture of Marriage’ in Mary Beth Norton, ed., Major Problems in American Women’s History , pp 317-327

Christian Simmons, “African Americans and Sexual Victorianism in the Social Hygiene Movement,” Journal of the history of sexuality 4 (1993), 51-75

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Civil Rights

General Surveys

Robert Cook, Sweet land of liberty? : the African-American struggle for civil rights in the twentieth century

Steven Lawson & Charles Payne, Debating the civil rights movement, 1945-1968

Tony Badger & Brian Ward, eds, The making of Martin Luther King and the civil rights movement

Manning Marable, Race, reform and rebellion : the second reconstruction in black America, 1945-1982

Harvard Sitkoff, The struggle for black equality 1954-1992

Glenda Gilmore, Defying Dixie : the radical roots of civil rights, 1919-1950 . (New York: W.W. Norton, 2008)

Timothy B.Tyson, Radio Free Dixie : Robert F. Williams and the roots of black power (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999)

Simon Wendt, The spirit and the shotgun : armed resistance and the struggle for civil rights (Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2007)

Jeanne Theoharis, Komozi Woodard, and Matthew Countryman, eds, Freedom north : Black freedom struggles outside the South, 1940-1980 (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003)

Jeanne Theoharis and Komozi Woodard, eds, Groundwork : local black freedom movements in America (New York: New York University, 2005)

Articles & Essays

Jacquelyn Dowd Hall, “The Long Civil Rights Movement and the Political Uses of the Past,” The Journal of American History 91 (4) (2005), 1233-1263

Timothy Tyson, ‘Robert F. Williams, “Black Power”, and the Roots of the African American Freedom Struggle,’ The Journal of American history (1998)

A. Badger, ‘Segregation and the Southern Business Elite’, Journal of American Studies ,18 (1984)

A. Fairclough, ‘Historians and the Civil Rights Movement’, Journal of American Studies ,24 (1990)

CharlesEagles, ‘Toward New Histories of the Civil Rights Era’, The journal of southern history. , 66 (2000), 815-848

S. Lawson, ‘Freedom Then, Freedom Now: The Historiography of the Civil Rights Movement’, American Historical Review ,96 (1991)

D. McAdam, ‘The Decline of the Civil Rights Movement’, in J. Freedman, ed, Social Movements of the Sixties and Seventies Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

A. Meier, ‘On the Role of Martin Luther King’, in C. Eric Lincoln, ed., Martin Luther King, Jr.: A Profile

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Gender and Civil Rights

Sara Evans, Born for liberty : a history of women in America , Chs 11 & 12

Vicki Crawford et al, Women in the Civil Rights movement : trailblazers and torchbearers, 1941-1965 (1993)

Belinda Robnett, How long? How long? : African-American women and the struggle for civil rights (1997)

Peter Ling and Sharon Monteith, eds., Gender and the Civil Rights Movement (1999)

Bettye Collier-Thomas and V.P.Franklin, eds, Sisters in the struggle : African American women in the civil rights-black power movement (2001)

Dayo F. Gore, Jeanne Theoharis and Komozi Woodard, eds, Want to start a revolution? : radical women in the black freedom struggle (2009)

Jeanne Theoharis, The rebellious life of Mrs. Rosa Parks (Boston: Bescon Press, 2013)

Erica F. Edwards, Charisma and the fictions of Black leadership (University of Minnesota Press, 2012)

Cynthia Griggs Flemming, Soon We Will Not Cry: The Liberation of Ruby Doris Smith Robinson (1998)

Christina Greene, Our separate ways : women and the black freedom movement in Durham, North Carolina (2005)

Joanne Grant, Ella Baker : Freedom Bound (1998)

Chana Kai Lee, For freedom's sake : the life of Fannie Lou Hamer (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1999 )

David Garrow, ed., The Montgomery Bus Boycott and the Women Who Started It : The Memoir JoaAnn Gibson Robinson (1987)

Sara Evans, Personal politics : the roots of women's liberation in the civil rights movement and the new left (1979)

Dayo F.Gore, Radicalism at the crossroads : African American women activists in the Cold War (New York: New York University Press, 2011)

Alice Kessler-Harris, In pursuit of equity : women, men, and the quest for economic citizenship in 20th-century America , (2001), Ch. 5

Alma M Garcia, Chicana Feminist Thought: The Basic Historical Writings (1997)

William Chafe, Women and Equality (1977)

William Chafe, The paradox of change : American women in the 20th century (1991)

Constance Curry, Deep in our hearts : nine white women in the Freedom Movement

Paula Giddings, When and Where I Enter: The Impact of Black Women on Race and Sex in America ,esp. Chs. 15 & 16

Deborah Gray White, Too heavy a load : black women in defense of themselves, 1894-1994 , Chs. 6 & 7 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Steve Estes, I Am a Man!: Race, Manhood, and the Civil Rights Movement (2005)

Articles & Essays

CharlesPayne, ‘Men Led, but Women Organized: Movement Participation of Women in the Mississippi Delta’, in Women in the Civil Rights movement : trailblazers and torchbearers, 1941-1965 , ed. by Vicki L. Crawford et al., pp. 1-12

Charles Payne, “Ella Baker and Models of Social Changes,” SIGNS: Journal of Women in Culture and Society , 14 (4) (1989). Also in Thomas C Holt and Elsa Barclay Brown, ed., Major Problems in African-American History ,Vol. II, pp. 305-311

Belinda Robnett, “African-American Women in the Civil Rights Movement, 1954-1965: Gender, Leadership and Micromobilzation,” American Journal of Sociology 101 (6) (1996), 1661-94

Vicki Crawford, ‘ Race, Class, Gender, and Culture: Black Women’s Activism in the Mississippi Civil Rights Movement,’ Journal of Mississippi History, 58 (1) (1996), 1-21

Journal of black studies. , 26 (5)Special Issue: The Voices of African-American Women in the Civil Rights Movement (1996), 539-647 - especially following articles:

LaVern Gyant, 'Passing the Torch: African American Women in the Civil Rights Movement', pp. 629-47

Carolyn Calloway-Thomas and Thurmon Garner, ‘Daisy Bates and the Little Rock School Crisis: Forging the Way’, pp. 616-628

Anita K. Foeman, ‘Gloria Richardson: Breaking the Mold’, pp. 604-15

Janice D. Hamlet, 'Fannie Lou Hamer: The Unquenchable Spirit of the Civil Rights Movement', pp. 560-76

SharonHarley, ‘“Chronicle of Death Foretold”: Gloria Richardson, the Cambridge Movement, and the Radical Black Activist Tradition’, in Sisters in the struggle : African American women in the civil rights-black power movement , ed. by Bettye Collier-Thomas and V.P. Franklin (New York: New York University Press, 2001), pp. 174-196

Peter B.Levy, ‘Gloria Richardson and the Civil Rights Movement in Cambridge, Maryland’, in Groundwork : local black freedom movements in America , ed. By Jeanne Theoharis and Komozi Woodard (New York: New York University Press, 2005), pp. 97-115 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

JennyWalker, ‘The “Gun-Toting” Gloria Richardson: Black Violence in Cambridge, Maryland’, in Gender in the civil rights movement , ed. by Peter J. Ling and Sharon Monteith (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2004 ) , pp. 169-185

Cynthia Deitsch, “Gender, Race and Class Politics and the Inclusion of Women in Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act,” Gender and Society 7 no. 2 (June, 1993): 162-82.

Belinda Robnett, Ch. 5, ‘Women in the student non-violent coordinating committee : ideology, organizational structure, and leadership’, in Gender in the civil rights movement

Cynthia Griggs Fleming, ‘Black Women Activists and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee: The Case of Ruby Doris Smith Robinson,’ Journal of Women’s History 4 (1993), 64-83

Anne Standley, “The Role of Black Women in the Civil Rights Movement,” in Darlene Clark Hine ed., Black Women’s History: Theory and Practice 10 (1990), 183-201. Also in Mary Beth Norton, ed., Major Problems in American Women’s History , pp. 448-45 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Jacqueline A. Rouse, “We Seek to Know.....in Order to Speak the Truth”: Nurturing the Seeds of Discontent-Septima P. Clark and Participatory Leadership,’ in Sisters in the struggle : African American women in the civil rights-black power movement , ed. byBettye Collier-Thomas and V.P.Franklin, pp. 95-121

V.P.Franklin and Bettye-Collier Thomas, ‘For the Race in General and Black Women in Particular: The Civil Rights Activities of African American Women’s Organizations, 1915-50’, in Sisters in the struggle : African American women in the civil rights-black power movement , pp. 21-41

Joan C. Browning, “Invisible Revolutionaries: White Women in Civil Rights Historiography,” Journal of Women’s History 8 (1996.), 186-204

Mary Aiken Rothschild, “White women Volunteers in the Freedom Summers: Their Life and Work in a Movement for Social Change,” Feminist Studies 5 (3) (1979), 46-495

Peter J. Ling and Sharon Monteith ‘Introduction', in Gender in the civil rights movement

Brian Ward, ‘Sex machines and prisoners of love: male rhythm and blues, sexual politics, and the black freedom struggle’, in Peter J. Ling and Sharon Monteith, eds, Gender and the civil rights movement (2004)

Laurie B. Green, ‘Race, Gender, and Labour in 1960s Memphis: “I AM A MAN” and the Meaning of Freedom’, Journal of Urban History , 30 (2004), 465-489

Danielle L.McGuire, ‘“It Was like All of Us Had Been Raped”: Sexual Violence, Community Mobilization, and the African American Freedom Struggle’, The Journal of American history. , 91 (2004), 906-931

Christoper B.Strain, ‘“We Walked Like Men”: The Deacons for Defense and Justice’, Louisiana History :The Journal of the Louisiana Historical Association,38 (1997), 43-62

Simon Wendt, ‘“They Finally Found Out that We Really Are Men”: Violence, Non-Violence and Black Manhood in the Civil Rights Era’, Gender & history. , 19 (2007), 543-564

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Black Power

Films

Black power mixtape 1967-1975. (dir. Göran Hugo Olsson, 2011)  

The Black Panthers: Vanguard of the Revolution (dir. Stanley Nelson Jr., 2015). Available online here:  https://www.youtube.com/watch? v=6bcubkt6BwY

Books

Manning Marable, Race, reform and rebellion : the second reconstruction in black America, 1945-1982 , 2nd edn. (1991)

William Van Deburg, New day in Babylon : the Black Power movement and American culture, 1965-1975 (1992)

Timothy B.Tyson, Radio Free Dixie : Robert F. Williams and the roots of black power (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999)

Peniel E. Joseph, ed., The Black Power movement : rethinking the civil rights-Black Power era (2006)

Judson L. Jeffries, ed., Black Power : in the belly of the beast (2006)

Rhonda Y. Williams,  Concrete demands : the search for Black power in the 20th century  (2015)

Matthew J. Countryman, Up south : civil rights and Black power in Philadelphia (2006)

Jeanne F. Theoharis, Komozi Woodard, and Matthew Countryman, Freedom north : Black freedom struggles outside the South ; 1940-1980 (2003)

Peniel E. Joseph,ed., Neighborhood rebels : Black Power at the local level (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010)

Charles E. Jones, ed., The Black Panther Party (reconsidered) (1998)

Jama Lazerow , and Yohuru Williams, In search of the Black Panther Party : new perspectives on a revolutionary movement (Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2006)

KathleenCleaverand George Katsiaficas, eds, Liberation, imagination, and the Black Panther Party : a new look at the Panthers and their legacy (New York: Routledge, 2001)

Stokely Carmichael & Charles V. Hamilton, Black Power : the politics of liberation in America (1968)

Philip S. Foner, ed., The Black Panthers speak (2002)

Articles & Essays

Timothy Tyson, ‘Robert F. Williams, “Black Power”, and the Roots of the African American Freedom Struggle,’ The Journal of American history (1998)

SimonHall, ‘The NAACP, Black Power, and the African American Freedom Struggle, 1966-1969’, The Historian. , 69 (2007), 49-82

Simon Wendt,‘The Roots of Black Power? : Armed Resistance and the Radicalization of the Civil Rights Movement’, in The Black Power movement : rethinking the civil rights-Black Power era (2006),pp. 145-166

Clarence Lang, "Between Civil Rights and Black Power in the Gateway City: The Action Committee to Improve Opportunities for Negroes (ACTION), 1964-75," Journal of Social History , 37 (3) (2004)

Sundiata Keita Cha-Jua and Clarence Lang, ‘The “Long Movement” as Vampire: Temporal and Spatial Fallacies in Recent Black Freedom Studies’, Journal of African American History , 92 (2007), 265-288

Eric Arnesen, ‘Reconsidering the “Long Civil Rights Movement”’, Historically Speaking, 10 (2009), 31-34

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Women, Black Power and Black Feminism

Robyn C. Spencer, The revolution has come : Black power, gender, and the Black Panther Party in Oakland (2016)

Dayo F. Gore, Jeanne Theoharis and Komozi Woodard, eds, Want to start a revolution? : radical women in the black freedom struggle (2009)

Anne M. Valk, Radical sisters : second-wave feminism and black liberation in Washington, D.C. (Urbana, University of Illinois Press, 2008)

Premilla Nadasen, Welfare warriors : the welfare rights movement in the United States (New York: Routledge, 2005)

Annelise Orleck, Storming Caesar’s Palace: How Black Mothers Fought Their Own War on Poverty (Boston: Beacon Press, 2005)

Kimberly Springer, Living for the revolution : black feminist organizations, 1968-1980 (Durham: Duke University Press, 2005)

Deborah Gray White,  Too heavy a load : black women in defense of themselves, 1894-1994 , Chs. 6 & 7

Articles & Essays

Tracye A. Matthews, '“No One Ever Asks What a Man’s Role in the Revolution Is”: Gender Politics and Leadership in the Black Panther Party, 1966-1971,’ in Sisters in the struggle : African American women in the civil rights-black power movement , pp 231-256 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Angela D. LeBlanc-Earnest, ‘“The Most Qualified Person to Handle the Job”: Black Panther Party Women, 1966-1982’, in The Black Panther Party (reconsidered) , ed. by Charles E. Jones (1998), pp. 305-334 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Robyn Ceanne Spencer, “ Engendering the Black Freedom Struggle: Revolutionary Black Womanhood and the Black Panther Party in the Bay Area, California,” Journal of women's history , 20 (1) (2008), 90-113

Erika Huggins and Angela D. LeBlanc-Ernest, “Revolutionary Women, Revolutionary Education: The Black Panther Party's Oakland Community School,” in Want to start a revolution? : radical women in the black freedom struggle (2009)

Kathleen Neal Cleaver, ‘Women, Power, and Revolution’, in Liberation, imagination, and the Black Panther Party : a new look at the Panthers and their legacy , ed. by Kathleen Cleaver and George Katsiaficas (New York, 2001), pp. 125-126

Regina Jennings, “Why I Joined the Party: An Africana Womanist Reflection,” in The Black Panther Party (reconsidered) , ed. by Charles Jones (1998), 257-65

ChariseCheney, ‘“We Men Ain’t We”: Mas(k)ulinity and the Gendered Politics of Black Nationalism’, in Time longer than rope : a century of African American activism, 1850-1950 , ed. by Charles Payne and Adam Green (2003), pp. 536-563 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Prudence Cumberbatch, 'What "the Cause" Needs Is a "Brainy and Energetic Woman": A Study of Female Charismatic Leadership in Baltimore,' in Want to start a revolution? : radical women in the black freedom struggle

Simone M Caron, “Birth Control and the Black community in the 1960s: Genocide or Power Politics? ” Journal of Social History 31 (3) (1998), 545-570

Cynthia Griggs Fleming, ‘Black Women and Black Power: The Casey of Ruby Doris Smith Robinson and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee’ in Sisters in the struggle : African American women in the civil rights-black power movement , pp. 197-213

Farah Jasmine Griffin, ‘Ironies of the Saint’: Malcolm X, Black Women and the Price of Protection,' in Sisters in the struggle : African American women in the civil rights-black power movement , pp 2140229.

Ula Y. Taylor, 'As-Salaam Alaikum, My Sister, Peace Be Unto You: The Honorable Elijah Muhammed and the Women Who followed Him,' Race and society 1 (1998), 177-196

Darlene Clark Hine, “The Housewives’ League of Detroit: Black Women and Economic Nationalism,” in Visible women : new essays on American activism , ed. by Nancy A. Hewitt and Suzanne Lesbock (1993)

Rhonda Y.Williams, ‘Black Women, Urban Politics, and Engendering Black Power,’ in The Black Power movement : rethinking the civil rights-Black Power era , pp. 79-103

Williams, Rhonda Y.,‘Black Women and Black Power,’ OAH Magazine of History , 22 (2008), 22-27

Premilla Nadasen, ‘“We Do Whatever Becomes Necessary”: Johnnie Tillmon, Welfare Rights, and Black Power,’ in Want to start a revolution? : radical women in the black freedom struggle , pp. 317-338

Anne Valk, ‘“Mother Power”: The Movement for Welfare Rights in Washington, D.C., 1966-1972,’ Journal of women's history. , 11 (4) (2000), 34-58

Premilla Nadasen, ‘Expanding the Boundaries of the Women’s Movement: Black Feminism and the Struggle for Welfare Rights,’ Feminist Studies. , 28 (2002), 271-301

Martha F. Davis, ‘Welfare Rights and Women’s Rights in the 1960s,’ Journal of Policy History , 8 (1) (1996), 144-165. Also in Major problems in American history since 1945 : documents and essays , 2nd edn., ed. by Robert Griffith and Paula Baker (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2001), pp. 389-400

Kimberly Springer, ‘Black Feminists Respond to Black Power Masculinism,’ in The Black Power movement : rethinking the civil rights-Black Power era , pp. 105-118

Stephen Ward, ‘The Third World Women’s Alliance: Black Feminist Radicalism and Black Power Politics,’ in The Black Power movement : rethinking the civil rights-Black Power era , pp. 119-144

Duchess Harris, ‘From the Kennedy Commission to the Combahee Collective: Black Feminist Organizing, 1960-1980’ in Sisters in the struggle : African American women in the civil rights-black power movement , 280-306

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The Cold War, the Feminine Mystique and Early Women’s Rights

Documentary

Step by step [videorecording] : building a feminist movement, 1941-1977 . Produced by Joyce Follet, Mimi Orner, and Terry Rockefeller; academic advisors Gerda Lerner, and Linda Gordon. 1998; color and black & white; 56 minutes. Distributor: Wisconsin Public Television/Step by Step.- Available online: http://www.lib.iastate.edu/cfora/vidstream.cfm? filename=8000563.flv&vidwidth=720&vidheight=480

Books

Betty Freidan, The feminine mystique

Sara M Evans, Born for liberty : a history of women in America , esp. Ch. 11 ‘The Cold War and the Feminine Mystique’

Karen Anderson, Wartime women : sex roles, family relations, and the status of women during World War II (1981)

Leila Rupp, Mobilizing women for war : German and American propaganda, 1939-1945 (1978)

Evelyn Nakano Glenn, Unequal freedom : how race and gender shaped American citizenship and labor (2002)

May, Elaine Tyler, Homeward Bound: American Families in the Cold War Era (New York: Basic Books, 1988)

JoanneMeyerowitz, ed., Not June Cleaver : women and gender in postwar America, 1945-1960 (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1994)

Daniel Horowitz, Betty Friedan and the making of the feminine mystique: the American left, the cold war, and modern feminism (1998)

Dorothy Sue Cobble, The other women's movement : workplace justice and social rights in modern America (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2004)

HelenLaville, Cold War women : the international activities of American women's organisations (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2009)

Amy Swerdlow, Women Strike for Peace : traditional motherhood and radical politics in the 1960s (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1993)

Dayo F. Gore, Radicalism at the crossroads : African American women activists in the Cold War (New York: New York University Press, 2011)

Megan Taylor Shockley, "We, too, are Americans" : African American women in Detroit and Richmond, 1940-54 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2004)

Glen Jeansonne, Women of the far right : the mothers' movement and World War II (1996)

Mary C. Brennan Wives, mothers, and the red menace : conservative women and the crusade against Communism (Boulder: University Press of Colorado, 2008)

Michelle Nickerson, Mothers of conservatism : women and the postwar right (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2012)

Elaine Tyler May, Pushing the limits : American women, 1940-1961 (1998)

William Chafe, The American woman : her changing social, economic, and political roles, 1920-1970. (1972), Ch. 6

William Chafe, The unfinished journey : America since World War II (1986)

Jacqueline Jones, Labor of love, labor of sorrow : Black women, work, and the family from slavery to the present (1985), Ch. 7

Articles & Essays

Claudia D. Goldin, “The Role of World War II in the Rise of Women’s Employment,” American Economic Review 81 (1991), 741-56

Maureen Honey, “The Working-Class Woman and Recruitment Propaganda during World War II. Class Differences in the Portrayal of War Work,” SIGNS: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 8 (1983), 672-87

Ruth Milkman, “Redefining Women’s Work: The Sexual Division of Labor in the Auto-Industry during World War II,' Feminist Studies (1982)

Elaine Tyler May, ‘Cold War – Warm Hearth: Politics and the Family in Postwar America,’ in The rise and fall of the New Deal order, 1930-1980 , ed. by Steven Fraser and Gary Gerstle (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989), pp. 153-181 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Jean Calterone Williams, ‘Building a Movement: Betty Friedan and The Feminine Mystique,” Radical History Review , (80) (2001), 149-153

DanielHorowitz, ‘Rethinking Betty Friedan and The Feminine Mystique : Labor Union Radicalism in Cold War America,’ in Unequal Sisters: A Multicultural Reader in U.S. Women’s History , ed. by Vicki L. Ruiz and Ellen Carol Du Bois, 3rdedn. (New York: Routledge, 2000), pp. 492-518

Joanne Meyerowitz, “Beyond the Feminine Mystique: A Reassessment of Post-war Mass Culture, 1946-1958,” Journal of American History 79 (4) (1993), 1455-82. Also reprinted in Mary Beth Norton ed. Major Problems in American Women’s History , pp. 408-417

Joanne Meyerowitz, ‘Introduction: Women and Gender in Postwar America, 1945-1960,’ in Not June Cleaver : women and gender in postwar America, 1945-1960 (1994), pp. 1-16 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Susan Lynn, ‘Gender and Post World War II Progressive Politics: A Bridge to Social Activism in the 1960s U.S.A.,’ Gender & history. , 4, no. 2 (1992), 215-239. Also reprinted in Not June Cleaver : women and gender in postwar America, 1945-1960 (1994), pp. 103-127

Harriet Hyman Alonso, ‘Mayhem and Moderation: Women Peace Activists During the McCarthy Era,’ in Not June Cleaver : women and gender in postwar America, 1945-1960 , ed. by Joanne Meyerowitz (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1994), pp. 128-150

Dee Garrison, ‘“Our Skirts Gave Them Courage”: The Civil Defense Protest Movement in New York City, 1955-1961,’ in Not June Cleaver : women and gender in postwar America, 1945-1960 , ed. by Meyerowitz, Joanne (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1994), pp. 201-226

Amy Swerdlow, ‘Ladies’ Day at the Capitol: Women Strike for Peace versus HUAC,’ Feminist Studies. , 8, no. 3 (1982), 493-520

Amy Swerdlow, ‘Pure Milk, Not Poison: Women Strike for Peace and the Test Ban Treaty of 1963,’ in Rocking the ship of state : toward a feminist peace politics , ed. by Adrienne Harris and Ynestra King (London: Westview Press, 1989), pp. 225-237 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Amy Swerdlow,‘The Congress of American Women: Left-Feminist Peace Politics in the Cold War,’ in U.S. history as women's history : new feminist essays , ed. by Linda Kerber, Alice Kessler-Harris and Kathryn Kish Sklar (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1995), pp. 296-312 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Amy C.Schneidhorst, ‘“Little Old Ladies and Dangerous Women”: Women’s Peace and Social Justice Activism in Chicago, 1961-1973,’ Peace and change. , 26, no. 3 (2001), 374-391

Lawrence S.Wittner, ‘Gender Roles and Nuclear Disarmament Activism, 1954-1964,’ Gender & history. , 12, no. 1 (2000), 197-222

Ruth Feldstein, ‘“I Wanted the Whole World to See”: Race, Gender, and Constructions of Motherhood in the Death of Emmett Till,’ in Not June Cleaver : women and gender in postwar America, 1945-1960 , ed. by Joanne Meyerowitz (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1994), pp. 261-305

Leila Rupp, “The Survival of American Feminism: The Women’s Movement in the Post-war Period,” in Reshaping America, ed. Robert H Bremmer and Gary W. Reichard (1982), pp. 33-66

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Second Wave Feminisms

Alice Echols, Daring to Be Bad: Radical Feminism in America: 1967-1975 (1989)

Sara Evans, Personal politics : the roots of women's liberation in the civil rights movement and the new left (New York, 1979)

Ruth Rosen, The world split open : how the modern women's movement changed America (New York: Viking, 2000)

Winifred Wandersee, On the Move: American Women in the 1970s (1988)

Kathleen C.Berkeley, The women's liberation movement in America (Westport, C.T.: Greenwood Press, 1999)

Drude Dahlerup, ed., The new women's movement : feminism and political power in Europe and the USA (London: Sage, 1986)

Carol Ruth Berkin & Mary Beth Norton, eds, Women of America: A History (Boston, 1979)

Nancy MacLean, The American women's movement, 1945-2000 : a brief history with documents (2009)

Betty Friedan, The Feminine Mystique (New York: Dell Publishing, 1963)

Kathleen M. Blee, ed., No Middle Ground: Women and Radical Protest (1998)

Nancy Cott, The Grounding of Modern Feminism (New Haven, 1987)

William Chafe, The American Woman: Her Changing Social, Economic, and Political Roles 1920-1970 (1972)

William Chafe, The Paradox of Change: American Women in the 20th Century (1991)

Donald T. Critchlow, Intended Consequences: Birth Control, Abortion and the Federal Government in Modern America (1999)

Jo Freeman, The politics of women's liberation : a case study of an emerging social movement and its relation to the policy process (New York, 1975)

Alice Kessler-Harris, Out to Work: A History of Wage-Earning Women in the United States (1982)

Alice Kessler-Harris, In Pursuit of Equity , Ch. 5 & 6

Bonnie J. Dow, Prime-Time Feminism: Television, Media Culture and the Women's Movement since 1970 (1996)

Winifred Breines, The trouble between us : an uneasy history of white and black women in the feminist movement (2006)

Benita Roth, Separate Roads to Feminism: Black, Chicana, and White Feminist Movements in America's Second Wave (2004)

Kimberly Springer, Living for the revolution : black feminist organizations, 1968-1980 (Durham: Duke University Press, 2005)

Anne M. Val, Radical sisters : second-wave feminism and black liberation in Washington, D.C. , D.C.(Urbana, University of Illinois Press, 2008)

Stephanie Gilmore, ed., Feminist coalitions : historical perspectives on second-wave feminism in the United States (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2008)

Ellen Carol DuBois and Vicki L Ruiz Unequal Sisters: A Multi-Cultural Reader in US Women’s History (New York, 2000)

Patricia Hill Collins, Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment (1990)

Stanlie M. James and Abena P. A. Busia, eds, Theorizing black feminisms : the visionary pragmatism of black women (New York: Routledge, 1993)

E. FrancesWhite, Dark continent of our bodies : black feminism and the politics of respectability (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2001)

Deborah Gray White Too heavy a load : black women in defense of themselves, 1894-1994 (1999), esp. Ch. 7

Paula Giddings When and Where I Enter: The Impact of Black Women on Race and Sex in America (1984)

Angela Davis Women, Race & Class (New York, 1981)

Bell Hooks, Ain't I a woman : black women and feminism

Bell Hooks Feminist theory: from margin to center

Gloria Hull et al All the Women are White, All the Blacks Are Men, But Some of Us Are Brave (New York, 1982)

Toni Cade, ed., The Black Woman: An Anthology (1970)

Michele Wallace, Black Macho and the Myth of the Superwoman (1970)

Alice Walker, Meridian

Becky Thompson, A promise and a way of life : white antiracist activism (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2001), esp. Part II

Nancy MacLean, Freedom is not enough : the opening of the American work place (Cambridge, M.A.: Harvard University Press, 2006)

Nancy A. Naples, ed., Community activism and feminist politics : organizing across race, class, and gender (New York: Routledge, 1998)

Anne Enke, Finding the movement : sexuality, contested space, and feminist activism (Durham: Duke University Press, 2007)

Articles & Essays

Elaine Tyler May ‘Pushing the Limits: 1940-1961’, pp. 473-528 and William H. Chafe, ‘The Road to Equality’, pp. 529-586 in Nancy F Cott, ed., No Small Courage: A History of Women in the United States (Oxford, 2000)

Jean Calterone Williams, ‘Building a Movement: Betty Friedan and The Feminine Mystique,” Radical History Review , 2001 (80), 149-153

Sara Evans, ‘Women’s Consciousness and the Southern Black Movement,’ in William Chafe and Harvard Sitkoff, eds, A History of Our Time (1999), pp. 199-9209

Sara Evans,‘Sources of the Second Wave: The Rebirth of Feminism,’ in Long time gone : sixties America then and now , ed. by Alexander Bloom (New York: Oxford University Press, 2001), pp. 189-208

Sara Evans, ‘Beyond Declension: Feminist Radicalism in the 1970s and 1980s,’ in The world the sixties made : politics and culture in recent America , ed. by Van Gosse and Richard Moser (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2003), pp. 52-66

Jane Gerdhard, “Revisiting 'The Myth of the Vagina Orgasm": The Female Orgasm in American Sexual Thought and Second Wave feminism,' Feminist Studies 26 (2) (1999), 449-473

Stephanie Gilmore, ‘The Dynamics of Second-Wave Feminist Activism in Memphis, 1971-1982: Rethinking the Liberal/Radical Divide,” NWSA journal : a publication of the National Women's Studies Association 15(1) (2003), 94-117

Sara Evans, ‘Re-Viewing the Second Wave,' Feminist Studies 28(2) (2002), 259-267

Becky Thompson, ‘Multiracial Feminism: Recasting the Chronology of Second Wave Feminism,” Feminist Studies , 28 (2) (2002): 337-360

Rosalyn Baxandall, “Revisioning the Women’s Liberation Movement’s Narrative: Early Second Wave African American Feminists,” Feminist Studies 27(1) (2001), 225-245

Sherna Berger Gluck, ‘Whose Feminism, Whose History? Reflections on Excavating the History of (the) U.S. Women’s Movement(s)’, in Community activism and feminist politics : organizing across race, class, and gender , ed. by Nancy A. Naples (New York: Routledge, 1998), pp. 31-56

Patricia HillCollins, ‘What’s in a Name? Womanism, Black Feminism, and Beyond,’ in Race, identity, and citizenship : a reader , ed. by Rodolfo D. Torres, Louis F. Miron, and Jonathan Xavier Inda (Oxford: Blackwell, 2006), pp. 126-137 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

bell hooks, ‘Black Women: Shaping Feminist Theory’, in A History of Our Time , pp.210-221

Deborah K.King, ‘Multiple Jeopardy, Multiple Consciousness: The Context of a Black Feminist Ideology,’ Signs. , 14 (1) (1988), 42-72

Maxine BacaZinnand Bonnie Thornton Dill, ‘Theorizing Difference from Multiracial Feminism,’ Feminist Studies. , 22 (2) (1996), 321-331

M. Rivka Polatnick, ‘Diversity in Women’s Liberation Ideology: How a Black and a White Group of the 1960s Viewed Motherhood,’ Signs. , 21, no. 3, (1996), 679-706

Reger, Jo, ‘Motherhood and the Construction of Feminist Identities: Variations in a Women’s Movement Organization,’ Sociological inquiry. , 71, no. 1 (2001), 85-110

Wini Breines “What's Love Got to Do with It? White Women, Black Women, and Feminism in the Movement Years,” Signs , 27 (4) (2002), 1095-1133

Stephanie Gilmore, ‘Thinking about Feminist Coalitions,’ in Feminist coalitions : historical perspectives on second-wave feminism in the United States , ed. by Stephanie Gilmore (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2008), pp. 1-18 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

TamarCarroll, ‘Unlikely Allies: Forging a Multiracial, Class-based Women’s Movement in 1970s Brooklyn,’ in Feminist coalitions : historical perspectives on second-wave feminism in the United States , ed. by Stephanie Gilmore (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2008), pp. 196-224

Nancy MacLean, “The Hidden History of Affirmative Action: Working Women’s Struggles in the 1970s and the Gender of Class,” Feminist Studies 25 (1) (1999), 53-78. Also printed in Norton, Major Problems in American Women’s History , p p. 456-466

Anne Enke, “Smuggling Sex Through the Gates: Race, Sexuality, and the Politics of Space in Second Wave Feminism,” American Quarterly 55 (4) (2003), 635-667

Say Burgin, 'Coarse offerings: Lessons from the Cambridge Women’s School for today’s radical education alternatives,' Graduate Journal of Social Sciences , 8 (2) (2011), 21-40. Available at  http://gjss.org/sites/default/files/issues/chapters/papers/Journal-08-02--01-Burgin.pdf

Say Burgin, 'Understanding Antiwar Activism as Gendering Activity: A look at the US's Anti-Vietnam War Movement' Journal of international women's studies [electronic resource] 13 (6) 18-31. Available at  http://vc.bridgew.edu/jiws/vol13/iss6/3/

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The Rise of the New Right

General Surveys

Mary C. Brennan, Turning right in the sixties : the conservative capture of the GOP (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1995)

William Chafe, The Unfinished Journey  (1986)

David Farber and Jeff Roche, eds, The conservative sixties (New York: Peter Lang, 2003)

Jerome L. Himmelstein, To the Right : the transformation of American conservatism (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990)

Godfrey Hodgson, The world turned right side up : a history of the conservative ascendancy in America (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1996)

Lisa McGirr, Suburban Warriors: The Origins of the New American Right (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2001)

Jonathan M. Schoenwald, A time for choosing [electronic resource] : the rise of modern American conservatism (New York: Oxford University Press, 2003)

Bruce J. Schulman and Julian E. Zelizer, eds, Rightward bound : making America conservative in the 1970s (Cambridge, M.A.: Harvard University Press, 2008)

Leah Wright Rigueur,  The loneliness of the Black Republican : pragmatic politics and the pursuit of power  (2015)

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Women, Gender and the New Right

Sara M. Evans, Born for liberty : a history of women in America , Chs. 13, & 14

Glen Jeansonne, Women of the Far Right: The Mother's Movement and World War II (1996)

Michelle Nickerson, Mothers of conservatism : women and the postwar right (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2012)

Lisa McGirr, Suburban Warriors: The Origins of the New American Right (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2001)

Mary C. Brennan Wives, mothers, and the red menace : conservative women and the crusade against Communism (Boulder: University Press of Colorado, 2008)

Robert Self, All in the family : the realignment of American democracy since the 1960s (New York: Hill & Wang, 2012)

Donald G. Mathews and Jane Sherron De Hart, Sex, gender, and the politics of ERA : a state and the nation (New York: Oxford University Press, 1990)

Kathleen M. Blee, ed., No middle ground : women and radical protest (New York: New York University Press, 1998) – add to NR?

Susan Faludi, Backlash: The Undeclared War against Women (1991)

Catherine E. Rymph, Republican women : feminism and conservatism from suffrage through the rise of the new right (2006)

Rebecca E. Klatch, A generation divided : the New Left, the New Right, and the 1960s

Rebecca Klatch Women of the New Right (1987)

Donald T. Critchlow, Phyllis Schlafly and grassroots conservatism : a woman's crusade (2005)

Pamela Johnston Conover and Virginia Gray, Feminism and the new right: conflict over the American family (1983)

Jeffrey P. Moran Janice M. Irvine, Talk about sex : the battles over sex education in the United States (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002)

Ronnee Schreiber, Righting feminism : conservative women and American politics (2008)

Shirley Rogers Radl, The invisible woman: target of the religious new right (1983)

Mary Frances Berry, Why Era failed (1986)

Janet Boles, The Politics of the Equal Rights Amendment (1979)

N.E.H Hull and Peter Charles Hoffer, Roe V. Wade: The Abortion Rights Controversy in American History (2001)

Dorchen Leidholdt and Janice G. Raymond, eds, The Sexual Liberals and the Attack on Feminism (1990)

Beth Bailey and David Farber, America in the seventies (2004)

Articles and Essays

Nancy Hewitt, Gender and the Right. Special Issue of Gender & history 3 (3) (1991)

Kim E. Nielsen, “Doing the "Right" Right,” Journal of women's history , 16 (3) (2004), 168-172

Michelle Nickerson, ‘Moral Mothers and Goldwater Girls,’ in The conservative sixties , ed. by David Farber and Jeff Roche (New York: Peter Lang, 2003), pp. 51-62 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Michelle Nickerson, ‘Women, Domesticity, and Postwar Conservatism,’ OAH Magazine of History , 17, no. 2 (2003), 17-21

Donald T., Critchlow, ‘Conservatism Reconsidered: Phyllis Schlafly and Grassroots Conservatism,’ in The conservative sixties , ed. by David Farber and Jeff Roche (New York: Peter Lang, 2003), pp. 108-126

Marjorie J. Spruill, "Gender and America’s Right Turn" in Bruce J. Schulman and Julian E. Zelizer, eds, Rightward bound : making America conservative in the 1970s (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2008) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Matthew D. Lassiter, "Inventing Family Values," in Bruce J. Schulman and Julian E. Zelizer, eds, Rightward bound : making America conservative in the 1970s (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2008)

Rebecca Klatch, ‘Women Against Feminism,’ in Chafe & Sitkoff, eds, A History of Our Time , pp. 222-238 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Rebecca Klatch, “Coalition and Conflict among Women of the New Right,” Signs , 13 (4) (1988), 671-694

Mariam Darce Frenier, 'Comment on Klatch's "Coalition and Conflict among Women of the New Right"', Signs , 14 (3) (1989), 723-724

Susan E. Marshall, ‘Rattle on the Right: Bridge Labor in Antifeminist Organizations,’ in No middle ground : women and radical protest , ed. by Kathleen M. Blee(New York: New York University Press, 1998), pp. 155-179

Linda Gordon and Allen Hunter, “Sex, Family, and the New Right: Anti-Feminism as a Political Force,’ Radical America (Nov 1977-Feb 1978), 9-25

Carol Virginia Pohli, “Church Closets and Back Doors: A feminist view of Moral Majority Women,” Feminist Studies , 9, 529-58

Judith Stacey, 'The New Conservative Feminism', Feminist Studies , 9 (3) (1983), 559-583

JuliaWrigley, ‘From Housewives to Activists: Women and the Division of Political Labor in the Boston Antibusing Movement’, in No middle ground : women and radical protest , ed. by Kathleen M. Blee (New York: New York University Press, 1998), pp. 251-288

Kathleen Banks Nutter, ‘“Militant Mothers”: Boston, Busing, and the Bicentennial of 1976,’ Historical Journal of Massachusetts, 38, no. 2 (2010), 53-75 - Available online: http://www.wsc.mass.edu/mhj/pdfs/militant%20mothers.pdf

Top of page

'Post-Feminism', Third Wave and Contemporary Feminisms

Susan Douglas, Enlightened sexism : the seductive message that feminism's work is done

Stéphanie Genz and Benjamin A. Brabon, Postfeminism : cultural texts and theories

Rebecca Walker, ed., To be real : telling the truth and changing the face of feminism (1995)

Jennifer Baumgardner and Amy Richards, Manifesta : young women, feminism, and the future (2010)

Rory Dicker & Alison Piepmeier eds., Catching a wave : reclaiming feminism for the 21st century (2003)

Patricia Hill Collins Black feminist thought , 2nd edn. (2000)

Kimberley Springer, ed., Still lifting, still climbing : contemporary African American women's activism (1999)

Gloria Anzaldúa, Borderlands = La frontera = La frontera: the new mestizaje (1999)

Aída Hurtado, Voicing Chicana feminisms : young women speak out on sexuality and identity (2003)

Nancy Hewitt, ed.,  No permanent waves : recasting histories of U.S. feminism  (2010)

Articles and Essays

Catherine Harnois, “Re-presenting Feminisms: Past, Present, and Future ,” NWSA journal : a publication of the National Women's Studies Association , 20 (1) (2008), 120-145

Deborah L. Siegel, “Reading Between the Waves: Feminist Historiography in the Post-Feminist Moment,” in Leslie Haywood and Jennifer Drake, eds, Third wave agenda : being feminist, doing feminism Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

S. Gillis and R Munford, “Genealogies and Generations: the politics and praxis of third wave feminism,” Women's history review ,13 (2) (2004), 165-182

Clare Synder, “What Is Third-Wave Feminism? A New Directions Essay,” Signs ,34 (1) (2008), 175-196

Eileen Boris“Feminist Currents,” Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies , 33 (1) (2012), 101-105

"Colonial Discourses", in Feminist review , 30 (1988), 61-88

Patricia Hill Collins, ‘Introduction: No Turning Back’, in Black Sexual Politics: African Americans, Gender, and the New Racism

This list was last updated on 20/04/2017