Leeds University Library

PIED3402
Module Reading List

American Foreign Policy, 2017/18, Semester 1
Dr Laura Considine
L.Considine@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Module Outline

Seminar Topics

Week 1

Introduction and overview of the module - US Foreign Policy and American Exceptionalism

Week 2

The Making of US Foreign Policy

Week 3

Liberal and Realist Traditions in US Foreign Policy

Week 4

Critical Thought and US Foreign Policy

Week 5

Neoconservatism before and after the Cold War

Week 6

Assessment Preparation and Support Week

Week 7

George W Bush, the Global War on Terror and the Iraq War

Week 8

The Obama Foreign Policy

Week 9

Obama's Legacy - Key issues and cases

Week 10

Looking Ahead - A Trump Foreign Policy

Week 11

The Future of US Foreign Policy

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Reading List

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General

The module focuses on American identity and ideas about its role in the world. There is not one recommended textbook for this module. However, you might find the following texts useful as introduction:

Michael Cox and Doug Stokes (ed.), (2008), US Foreign Policy Oxford University Press. (2d edition now available 2012)

John Dumbrell (1997) The making of US foreign policy, Manchester University Press.

Walter Russell Mead (2002) Special Providence: American foreign policy and how it changed the world, New York; London: Routledge. In library and available as e-book.

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Week 1 Introduction

  • What is the US? How can the role of the US in the contemporary world be understood? What 'is' US Foreign Policy? What should be included and excluded from the study of US Foreign Policy and what are the implications of these decisions?

General Reading:

Michael Cox and Doug Stokes (ed.), (2008), US Foreign Policy Oxford University Press (Introduction and Chapters 1-2)

Trevor McCrisken, American exceptionalism and the legacy of Vietnam : US foreign policy since 1974 ISBN: 0333970144 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002.) Chapter 1 ‘American Exceptionalism, an Introduction’

Further Reading:

Stephen Ambrose, (1991) Rise to Globalism. American Foreign Policy Since 1938 Penguin Books.

H.W.Brands, (1996) Since Vietnam : the United States in world affairs, 1973-1995, McGraw-Hill.

Frederick H. Hartmann, Robert L. Wendzel. America's foreign policy in a changing world New York : HarperCollins College Publishers, c1994.

Gerald Haines and J.Samuel Walker (eds.) American foreign relations : a historiographical review. Francis Pinter, 1981.

Walter LaFeber (1994) The American age: United States foreign policy at home and abroad since 1750 Norton.

W.A. McDougall, (1997) Promised land, crusader state : the American encounter with the world since 1776 Mariner Books;

Richard A. Melanson American foreign policy since the Vietnam War : the search for consensus from Nixon to Clinton Armonk, N.Y. : M.E. Sharpe, 2000.

American Exceptionalism:

Ta-Nehisi Coates (2015) Between the world and me ISBN: 9781925240702; 1925240703. New York: Speigel & Grau. 

Michelle Alexander, The new Jim Crow : mass incarceration in the age of colorblindness ISBN: 9781595581037 (hbk.); 1595581030 (hbk.) (New Press, 2012)

Robert Singh, Governing America : the politics of a divided democracy, pp.1-29.

John Dumbrell, ‘Foreign Policy’, in Robert Singh, Governing America : the politics of a divided democracy, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.266-285. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Samuel Huntington, Who are we? : America's great debate Free, 2004

Samuel Huntington, ‘Dead Souls: The Denationalization of the American Elite’, National interest, Spring 2004.

Rogers M. Smith, ‘The “American Creed” and American Identity: The Limits of Liberal Citizenship in the United States’, Western political quarterly. Vol.41, No.2, June 1988, pp.225-252.

P.T.McCartney, ‘American nationalism and US foreign policy from September 11 to the Iraq War’, Political science quarterly., Vol.119, No.3, 2004.

Anatol Lieven, America Right or Wrong. An anatomy of American nationalism, Harper Collins, 2004.

Anatol Lieven Bush's choice [electronic resource] : messianism or pragmatism? www.carnegieendowment.org/publications/

Minxin Pei, ‘The paradoxes of American nationalism’, Foreign policy. May/June 2003, pp.31-37.

Michael Lind, The next American nation : the new nationalism and the fourth American revolution New York : Free Press Paperbacks, c1996.

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Week 2  Checks and Balances and the Making of US Foreign Policy

Required Reading:

Michael Foley, ‘The foreign policy process: executive, Congress, intelligence‘ in Cox and Stokes (eds), US Foreign Policy (Oxford University Press, 2008/2012), pp.107-128/pp.111-129. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

· Podcast – Has the US Presidency become a dictatorship?

http://freakonomics.com/podcast/u-s-presidency-become-dictatorship/

- Stephen Walt (December 4 2014) Leaders in Glass Countries Shouldn’t Throw Stones. Foreign Policy.

http://foreignpolicy.com/2014/12/04/leaders-in-glass-countries-shouldnt-throw-stones-ferguson-eric-garner/

and/or

Ta-Nehisi Coates (2015) Between the world and me ISBN: 9781925240702; 1925240703. New York: Speigel & Grau. Excerpt available http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2015/07/tanehisi-coates-between-the-world-and-me/397619/

Further Background Reading:

 The US Constitution and the Bill of Rights available at: http://www.archives.gov/national-archives-experience/charters/constitution.html ; US Institutions

James A. Nathan and James K. Oliver (1983), Foreign policy making and the American political system, Boston: Little Brown.

John Dumbrell, ‘Foreign Policy’, in Robert Singh, Governing America : the politics of a divided democracy, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.266-285.

John Dumbrell, (1997) The making of US foreign policy, MUP.

Ole Holsti, (2006) Making American Foreign Policy, Routledge.

Kegley and Witkopf (2004) (eds.), The Domestic Sources of American Foreign Policy, Rowman and Littlefield.

Jerel A. Rosati (1993) The politics of United States foreign policy, Harcourt Brace.

David A. Deese (1994), The new politics of American foreign policy, St. Martin's Press.

US Congress

Richard Hodder Williams, ‘The US Constitution’ in Singh (ed.), Governing America, pp.53 and 74.

Robert Williams (ed.) Ch. ‘Congress and policymaking: can it cope with foreign affairs? ’ in Explaining American politics : issues and interpretations (London: Routledge, 1990) Politics H-7.3 WIL ArticleF0327, F0415, F0416, F0417 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

David Gray Adler (Editor), Larry N. George (Editor), Arthur Meier, Jr. Schlesinger, The constitution and the conduct of American foreign policy (University Press of Kansas, 1996) Politics Q-7.3 ADL

John Dumbrell, (1997) The making of US foreign policy, MUP, chs.3-6. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Michael Foley, ‘Congress and policymaking: can it cope with foreign affairs? ’ in Robert Williams (ed.) Explaining American politics : issues and interpretations (London : Routledge, 1990) Politics H-7.3 WIL ArticleF0327, F0415, F0416, F0417

Richard F. Grimmett , Foreign policy roles of the President and Congress, CRS Report June 1, 1999

Louis Henkin, Foreign affairs and the United States Constitution, (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996), BL West Politics Q-7.3 Hen, Student Loan, Student Ref Q7.3 Hen, chs.1-4. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Louis Henkin, "Foreign Affairs and the Constitution," Foreign affairs., 66 (Winter 1987-1988): 287-310. Article H0300, H0301, H0302.

Barbara Hinckley, Less than meets the eye : foreign policy making and the myth of the assertive Congress (Chicago London : University of Chicago Press, 1994) Politics Q-7.3 HIN

Randall Ripley and James L. Lindsey (eds.) Congress resurgent : foreign and defense policy on Capitol Hill (Ann Arbor : University of Michigan Press, c1993) Politics Q-7.3 RIP

Kegley and Witkopf (eds.), (2004) The Domestic Sources of American Foreign Policy, Rowman and Littlefield.

Robert B. Zoellick ‘Congress and the Making of US Foreign Policy’, Survival. Volume 41 • No. 4 • Winter 1999–2000

Lobby Groups

John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt, (2006a), ‘The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy’, John F. Kennedy School of Government Working Paper Number:RWP06-011, Harvard University, March available at: http://mearsheimer.uchicago.edu/pdfs/IsraelLobby.pdf

John W. Dietrich ‘Interest Groups and Foreign Policy: Clinton and the China MFN Debates’,  Presidential studies quarterly. 29, no. 2 June 1999

"The Israeli Lobby." Journal of Palestine studies. (2006) 35(3): 83-114.

‘The War over Israel’s Influence’, Foreign policy. July/August 2006.

Gershom Gorenberg, ‘A New Israel Lobby’, Prospect April 2008.

The Constitution after 9/11

John Yoo (2005), The powers of war and peace : the constitution and foreign affairs after 9/11, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

John Yoo (2006), War by other means : an insider's account of the war on terror, New York: Atlantic Monthly Press.

Jack Goldsmith (2007), The terror presidency : law and judgment inside the Bush administration New York; London: W.W. Norton & Company.

David Cole and James X. Dempsey (2006), Terrorism and the constitution : sacrificing civil liberties in the name of national security, New York and London, The New Press.

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Week 3 Liberal and Realist Traditions in US Foreign Policy

Required Reading:

Adam Quinn and Michael Cox (2007), ‘For Better, for Worse: How America’s Foreign Policy became Wedded to Liberal Universalism’ Global Society Vol.21, No.4, October, pp.500-519.

Hugo White (2016) What’s So Great about American World Leadership? The Atlantic. Available at: https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2016/11/trump-world-order-foreign-policy/508547/? utm_source=twb

G. F. Kennan (1986/7), ‘Morality and Foreign Policy’ Foreign affairs., Winter, available electronically via ABI Global.

Further Background Reading:

La Feber Walter (1994) The American age: United States foreign policy at home and abroad since 1750 ( New York : Norton, 2nd ed.) Chapter 3, Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Edward Rhodes (2003), ‘The Imperial Logic of Bush’s Liberal Agenda,’  Survival. , Vol. 45 (1), Spring.

Robert W. Tucker, ‘The triumph of Wilsonianism? ’ World policy journal. Vol.10 No.4, Winter 1993/94. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva Available electronically via EBSCO.

M. Boot, ‘Neocons’ Foreign policy., Jan-Feb 2004, No.140, pp.20-28 available electronically. 

Daniel Deudney (2006), Bounding power : republican security theory from the polis to the global village, Princeton University Press, ch.6.

Daniel Deudney, (1995), ‘The Philadelphian system: sovereignty, arms control, and balance of power in the American states-union circa 1787-1861’, International organization. 49 (2), pp.191-228. Watch Deudney on YouTube here: http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=KN891GbcxQc

Bowman, AH (1956), ‘Jefferson, Hamilton and American foreign policy’ Political science quarterly., Vol.71(1), pp.18-41

David Armstrong, Revolution and World Order, available electronically, ch.2.

Hatzenbuehler, ‘The Early National Period, 1789-1815: The Need for Redefinition’, in Gerald Haines and J. Samuel Walker (1981) (eds.), American foreign relations : a historiographical review Francis Pinter, pp.17-32.

McDougall, W.A. (1997) Promised land, crusader state : the American encounter with the world since 1776 (Boston and New York: Mariner Books).

Tucker, Robert and David Hendrickson (1990), ‘Thomas Jefferson and American foreign policy,’ Foreign affairs., Spring Vol.69, No.2.

Tucker, Robert and David Hendickson (1990), Empire of liberty : the statecraft of Thomas Jefferson (Oxford: Oxford University Press, Modern History U-4.11 JEF/T

David Ryan (2000), US foreign policy in world history, London and New York, Routledge, pp.21-54.

Isolationism and Isolationists

Stephen Ambrose, Rise to Globalism, Ch.1.

H. W. Brands, What America owes the world : the struggle for the soul of foreign policy, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp.109-143

Ernest C. Bolt, Jr., ‘Isolation, Expansion and Peace: American Foreign Policy Between the Wars’ in Gerald Haines and J. Samuel Walker (1981) (eds.), American foreign relations : a historiographical review, Francis Pinter, pp.133-158. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Thomas N. Guinsburg (1982), The pursuit of isolationism in the United States Senate from Versailles to Pearl Harbor New York: Garland Pub.

Manfred Jonas (1969), Isolationism in America, 1935-1941, Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.

A.P. Cawthorne (1981), Isolationism in US foreign policy, 1981.

Charles Toth, (1961), ‘Isolationism and the Emergence of Borah: An appeal to American Tradition’, Western political quarterly. 14 (June): 555-68 Stack Politics A0.01WES

Wilson and Wilsonian Internationalism

David Ryan (2000), US foreign policy in world history, London and New York, Routledge, pp.55-93.

John W. Coogan, ‘Wilsonian diplomacy in war and peace’, in Gordon Martel (1994) (ed.), American foreign relations reconsidered, 1890-1993, London and New York, pp.71-89.

Michael Cox, (2000), ‘Wilsonianism Resurgent? The Clinton Administration and the Promotion of Democracy’, in Cox, Ikenberry and Inoguchi (eds.), American Democracy Promotion. Impulses, Strategies and Impacts, (Oxford: Oxford University Press), pp.218-242. Electronic Book.

Mary N. Hampton, (1996) The Wilsonian impulse : U.S. foreign policy, the alliance, and German unification, Praeger, Westport CT

John Ikenberry, ‘America’s Liberal Grand Strategy: Democracy and National Security in the Post War Era,’ in Cox, Ikenberry and Inoguchi, American Democracy Promotion. Impulses, Strategies and Impacts, (Oxford: Oxford University Press), pp.103-126. Electronic Book

Walter Russell Mead, (2001) Special Providence. American Foreign Policy and How it Changed the World, NY: Knopf, Student Ref / Student Loan / BL West Politics Q-7.3MEA; see also H.W.Brands, ‘The Four Schoolmasters’ National interest, Winter 2001/2.

Jason Ralph (2003), ‘Between Cosmopolitan and American Democracy: Understanding American Opposition to the International Criminal Court’, International relations., Summer.

Tony Smith (1994) America's mission: the United States and the worldwide struggle for democracy in the twentieth century (Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press).

Tony Smith, (2000) ‘National Security Liberalism and American Foreign Policy’, in Cox, Ikenberry and Inoguchi (eds.), American Democracy Promotion: Impulses, Strategies and Impacts, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.85-102. Electronic Book.

Chandler, David (2006), ‘Back to the future? The limits of neo-Wilsonian ideals of exporting democracy’, Review of international studies.. 32(3), July, 475-494

Mick Cox, ‘Wilsonianism resurgent under the Clinton Administration’, in Cox, Michael, John Ikenberry and Takashi Inoguchi (eds).  American democracy promotion: impulses, strategies, and impacts Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2000, Student Ref / Student Loan / BL West Politics H-7.3COX. Electronic Book

Tony Smith (1994)  America's mission: the United States and the worldwide struggle for democracy in the twentieth century (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press), ch.11.

Tony Smith, ‘Morality and the Use of Force in a Unipolar World: The ‘Wilsonian Moment’? ’ Ethics and international affairs, Vol.14, 2000.

Realism Reading

Hamiltonian Tradition

Pacificus Number 1-7: http://oll.libertyfund.org/ Go to the website and search for Hamilton. Numbers 3 and 4 are perhaps most useful for this seminar.

Chris Brown (2002), International relations in political thought : texts from the ancient Greeks to the First World War, pp.286-291 Philosophy M-4 BRO

Walter Russell Mead, (2001) Special Providence: American Foreign Policy and How it Changed the World, NY: Knopf, Student Ref / Student Loan / BL West Politics Q-7.3MEA.

H. W. Brands, (2001/2) ‘The Four Schoolmasters’ National interest, Winter.

Bowman, AH (1956), ‘Jefferson, Hamilton and American foreign policy’ Political science quarterly., Vol. 71(1), pp.18-41

Walter McDougall, Promised land, crusader state : the American encounter with the world since 1776, Mariner Books, pp.147-171.

John L. Harper, American Machiavelli : Alexander Hamilton and the origins of U.S. foreign policy (Cambridge University Press, 2004). EBL / EBL Ref/ BL West, Modern History U4.11Ham/H

John L. Harper, ‘Mentor for a Hegemon. The Rising Fortune of Alexander Hamilton’, National interest Fall 2000, pp.49-56, EBL HDC Counter Book 047

Hatzenbuehler, ‘The Early National Period, 1789-1815: The Need for Redefinition’, in Gerald Haines and J. Samuel Walker (eds.) American foreign relations : a historiographical review, Francis Pinter, 1981, pp.17-32.

Kissinger

H. Kissinger (1977), American Foreign Policy, New York: Norton, pp.197-213 2 copies at Politics Q-7.3 KISand High Demand Article K0390,p.197-213.

H. Kissinger, The necessity for choice: prospects of American foreign policy, London: Chatto & Windus, 1961, Politics Q-7.3 KIS

H. Kissinger, ‘Balance of Power Sustained’, in Graham Allison and Gregory F. Treverton, (eds.) Rethinking America's security : beyond cold war to new world order, Norton, 1992.

H. Kissinger, ‘Between the Old Left and the New Right’ Foreign affairs. May/June 1999.

H. Kissinger, ‘The pitfalls of universal jurisdiction’, Foreign affairs. Vol.80, No.4, 2001, pp.86-96, ArticleK0357

H. Kissinger, Does America need a foreign policy? : toward a diplomacy for the 21st century London : Free Press, 2002. Student Loan / High Demand Politics Q-7.3 KIS, see John J. Mearsheimer, ‘Kissinger's Wisdom. . . and Advice’ National interest, Fall 2001.

G.A. Andrianopolous, ‘The philosophical beliefs of Henry Kissinger’, in Kissinger and Brzezinski : the NSC and the struggle for control of US national security policy, Macmillan, 1991, pp.13-37. Student Loan Politics 7.3 AND

N. Bisley, ‘Counter-revolution, order and international politics’, Review of international studies., Jan 2004, Vol. 30, No.1, pp.49- 69

A. R. Coll, ‘Prudent statesmen: Truman, Kissinger, and Thatcher’ Ethics and international affairs, 1995, Vol. 9, pp.193-213

J. Hanhimaki, ‘Selling the “decent-interval”: Kissinger, triangular diplomacy and the end of the Vietnam War, 1971-1973’, Diplomacy and statecraft., Vol.14, No.1, pp.159-194.

‘The Kissinger File’, The History Channel, HDC Counter, Video 8.  

Kennan

G. F. Kennan, ‘On American Principles’, Foreign affairs., March /April 1995 available electronically via EBSCO Business Source Premier.

G. F. Kennan, (aka “X”) ‘The Sources of Soviet Conduct’, Foreign Affairs, July 1947, available electronically via ABI Global.

G. F. Kennan, ‘Containment Then and Now’ Foreign Affairs, Spring 1987, available electronically via EBSCO Business Source Premier.

G. F. Kennan, At a century's ending : reflections, 1982-1995, WW Norton, 1996, Modern History U-6.3012 Ken

G. F. Kennan, Realities of American Foreign Policy, London, Princeton, N.J. : Oxford U. P. Princeton University Press, 1954

John Lewis Gaddis, ‘Containment: A reassessment’, Foreign Affairs, July 1977, available electronically via EBSCO Business Source Premier.

H. W. Brands, What America owes the world : the struggle for the soul of foreign policy, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp.144-181. Student Ref / Student Loan / High Demand Politics Q-7.3 BRA

Michael Hunt, Ideology and U.S. foreign policy, pp.1-18.

D. Mayers, ‘Containment and the primacy of diplomacy: George Kennan’s views, 1947-1948’, International security., Vol.11, No.1, 1986.

Russell, R (2000) ‘American diplomatic realism: a tradition practised and preached by George F. Kennan’ Diplomacy and statecraft., Nov 2000, Vol.11, No.3, pp.159-182

Anders Stephanson, Kennan and the art of foreign policy, Cambridge Mass: Harvard University Press, 1989, Modern History U-6.012 Kenn/S

Wilson D. Miscamble, George F. Kennan and the making of American foreign policy, 1947-1950 50 Princeton, N.J : Princeton University Press, c1992, Modern History 6.3012 Kenn/M

Wilson D. Miscamble, ‘Rejected architect and master builder: George Kennan, Dean Acheson and postwar Europe’, The review of politics., Summer 1996, Vol.58, No.3, pp.437-468.

Morgenthau

H. J. Morgenthau, American foreign policy : a critical examination, London: Methuen, 1952, Stack Politcs Q-7.3 MOR, chapter 1 is on High Demand M0853, M0854, M0855, M0856

H. J. Morgenthau, Politics in the twentieth century., University of Chicago Press, 1962, Politics Q-0MOR.

H. J. Morgenthau, Vietnam and the United States, Washington DC Public Affairs Press, 1965, Politics Q-5.2 MOR

H. J. Morgenthau, ‘The Mainsprings of American Foreign Policy: The National Interest vs Moral Abstractions’, The American political science review. XLIV (1950).

H. W. Brands, What America owes the world : the struggle for the soul of foreign policy, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp.144-181. Student Ref / Student Loan / High Demand Politics Q-7.3 BRA

Steven J. Bucklin Realism and American foreign policy : Wilsonians and the Kennan-Morgenthau thesis thesis, Praeger, 2000. High Demand Politics Q-7.3 Buc

J.W. Nobel, Morgenthau's struggle with power: the theory of power politics and the Cold War, Review of international studies., Jan 1995, Vol.21, No.1, pp.61- 86

R.J. Myers, ‘Hans Morgenthau's realism and American foreign policy’ Ethics and international affairs, 1997, Vol. 11. Available on High Demand Counter Book 163

P. Gellman, ‘Hans J. Morgenthau and the legacy of political realism’, Review of international studies., Oct 1988, Vol.14, No.4, pp.247- 266; see also J. W. Nobel, Morgenthau's theory and practice - a response to Peter Gellman’, Review of international studies, Jul 1989, Vol.15, No.3, pp.261- 271.

G. Russell ‘Hans J. Morgenthau and the normative foundations of diplomacy and statesmanship’, Diplomacy and statecraft., Mar 1991, Vol.2, No.1, pp.130-160

G. Russell, ‘Hans J. Morgenthau and the national interest,’ Society., Jan-Feb 1994, Vol.31, No.2, p.80

John Mearsheimer ‘Hans Morgenthau and the Iraq war: realism versus neo-conservatism’ (2005) at http://www.opendemocracy.net/democracy-americanpower/morgenthau_2522.jsp

Further Reading on contemporary Realism

Jeffrey Goldberg, ‘Breaking Ranks. What turned Brent Scowcroft against the Bush Administration? ’ The New Yorker Online, http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2005/10/31/breaking-ranks

‘The Republican Rift’, The New Yorker Online,  https://web.archive.org/web/20060618235053/http://www.newyorker.com/online/content/articles/051031on_onlineonly01

Robert Tucker and David C. Hendrickson, ‘The Freedom Crusade’, National interest, Fall 2005.

Leslie Gelb, Daniel Pipes, Robert Merry, Joseph S. Nye, ‘ A Symposium: The Freedom Crusade, Revisited’, The National Interest Winter, 2005/6

John C. Hulsman and Anatol Lieven, ‘The Ethics of Realism’, The National Interest Summer 2005; see their book Ethical realism : a vision for America's role in the world, New York : Pantheon Books, 2006.

Robert F. Ellsworth and Dimitri K. Simes, ‘Realism’s Shining Morality’, The National Interest Winter 2004/2005.

John Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt, ‘An Unnecessary War’, Prospect March 2003.

John Mearsheimer ‘Hans Morgenthau and the Iraq war: realism versus neo-conservatism’ (2005) at http://www.opendemocracy.net/democracy-americanpower/morgenthau_2522.jsp

Brian Schmidt and Michael Williams, ‘The Bush Doctrine and the Iraq War, neoconservatives versus realists’ Security Studies 2008 (4), v.17 (no. 2).

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Week 4 Critical Thought and US Foreign Policy

 Required Reading:

Laura J. Shepherd, (2006) Veiled references: Constructions of gender in the Bush administration discourse on the attacks on Afghanistan post-9/11, International feminist journal of politics. ISSN: 1461-6742, Volume 8, Issue 1.

Roxanne Doty (1993), ‘Foreign Policy as a Social Construction: A Post-positivist analysis of US Counterinsurgency policy in the Philippines,’ International studies quarterly., Vol. 37, No. 3.

Lectures on the ‘Histories of Violence’ website, run by Dr. Brad Evans and Professor Simon Critchley: https://web.archive.org/web/20111007151034/http://www.historiesofviolence.com/symposia/full-lectures/. Esp. Cynthia Weber. Also Noam Chomsky, Michael Hardt, Michael Dillon and others.

Further Background Reading:

 David Campbell (1998), Writing security : United States foreign policy and the politics of identity , Manchester University Press, esp. Intro, and Chapter 2.

Burke, A. (2004), ‘Just war or ethical peace? Moral discourses of strategic violence after 9/11,’ International affairs., Vol. 80, No. 2.

Judith Butler (2004), Precarious life : the powers of mourning and violence, Verso.

Cynthia Weber,  Flying Planes can be Dangerous’ Millennium. January 2002 vol. 31 no. 1 129-147

James Der Derian (2003), ‘Decoding the National Security Strategy of the United States of America,’ Boundary 2 ISSN: 0190-3659, Vol 30, 3.

Burke, A. (2002), ‘Aporias of Security,’ Alternatives : global, local, political., Vol. 7, No. 1.

Jutta Weldes et al. (1999), Cultures of insecurity : states, communities, and the production of danger, University of Minnesota Press.

Michael C. Williams (1998), ‘Identity and the Politics of Security,’ European journal of international relations., Vol. 4 (2).

Michael C. Williams (1992), ‘Rethinking the ‘logic’ of deterrence,’ Alternatives : global, local, political., Vol. 17. - Available online: https://robertsmcnamaracom.files.wordpress.com/2017/04/williams-1992-rethinking-the-logic-of-deterrence-c.pdf

Jim George (1993), ‘Of Incarceration and Closure: NeoRealism and the New/Old World Order,’ Millennium., Vol. 22,

Noam Chomsky (1992), Deterring democracy, Noonday Press.

David Campbell (2001), ‘Time is Broken: The return of the past in Responses to September 11,’ Theory and Practice, 5:4. - Available online: https://www.david-campbell.org/wp-content/documents/Time_is_broken.pdf 

Spivak, G. C. (2004), “Terror: A Speech After 9-11,” Boundary 2, Vol. 31, No.2, 81-111.

Walker, R. B. J. (2006), “Lines of Insecurity: International, Imperial, Exceptional,” Security dialogue., Vol. 37, 65-82.

Zehfuss, M. (2005), “Remembering to Forgive? The ‘War on Terror’ in a ‘Dialogue’ between German and US Intellectuals,” International relations., Vol.19, No. 1.

Simon Dalby (1990), American Security Discourse: The Persistence of Geopolitics,’ Political geography quarterly., Vol. 9.

Ronnie Lipschultz (2001), Cold War fantasies : film, fiction, and foreign policy , Rowman and Littlefield.

Katzenstein, P. J. (1996) (ed.), The culture of national security : norms and identity in world politics, Columbia University Press.

Prince, S. (1992), Visions of empire : political imagery in contemporary American film , Praeger.

Rogin, M. P (1987), Ronald Reagan, the movie and other episodes in political demonology, University of California Press.

Linenthal, E. L. (1989), Symbolic defense : the cultural significance of the Strategic Defense Initiative, University of Illinois Press.

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Week 5 Neoconservatism during and after the Cold War

Required Reading:

Stefan Halper and Jonathan Clarke, America alone : the neo-conservatives and the global order. Cambridge University Press, 2004, ch.5, pp.157-181

Stephen Ambrose and Douglas Brinkley (1997), ‘Reagan and the Evil Empire’, in Rise to Globalism: American Foreign Policy since 1938, Penguin. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Yuen Foong Khong, ‘Neoconservatism and the domestic sources of American foreign policy: the role of ideas in Operation Iraqi Freedom’ in Smith, Hadfield and Dunne (eds), Foreign Policy. Theories, Actors, Case Oxford University Press. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Also useful:

Adam Curtis, ‘The Power of Nightmares’, Parts 1 and 2 of 3 part documentary. Available online - https://archive.org/details/ThePowerOfNightmares-AdamCurtis

Further Reading:

The Reagan Doctrine

Richard A Melanson (2000) American Foreign Policy Since the Vietnam War: The Search for Consensus from Nixon to Clinton, Armonk NY (Chapter 4)

Jeanne Kirkpatrick (1985), The Reagan Doctrine and US Foreign Policy, Heritage Foundation.

Fred Halliday (1983), The making of the second cold war, Second Edition, Verso.

William Blum (2002), Rogue State: A Guide to the World’s only Superpower, Zed Books.

Fareed Zakaria (1990), ‘The Reagan Strategy of Containment’ Political science quarterly., Vol. 105 (3), Autumn.

K. Oye, R. J. Liehy and D. Rothchild (1987) (eds), Eagle resurgent? : the Reagan era in American foreign policy, Little Brown.

Ronald Reagan (1990), Ronald Reagan: An American Life, Pocket Books.

John Lewis Gaddis (1992), The United States and the end of the Cold War : implications, reconsiderations, provocations, Oxford University Press.

John Dumbrell (2003), American foreign policy : Carter to Clinton, Palgrave.

Scott, J. (1996), Deciding to intervene : the Reagan doctrine and American foreign policy, Duke University Press.

Vorys, K. Von (1997), American foreign policy : consensus at home, leadership abroad, Praeger.

Heiko Meiertons (2010), The doctrines of US security policy : an evaluation under international law, Cambridge University Press.

The Rise of Neo-Conservatism

Jean-Francois Drolet, American neoconservatism : the politics and culture of a reactionary idealism, Hurst and Co.

Irving Kristol (2003), ‘The Neoconservative Persuasion,’ Weekly Standard.

Kristol, I. (1995), Neoconservatism : the autobiography of an idea, The Free Press.

Richard Lowry, ‘Reaganism v. Neo-Reaganism’, National interest, Spring 2005.

Fred Halliday, The making of the second cold war Vintage, pp.105-133.

James Mann, Rise of the Vulcans : the history of Bush's war cabinet Viking Press, 2004. BL West, EBL Student Loan / Student Ref / High Demand Q7.3 Man

Murray Friedman, The neoconservative revolution : Jewish intellectuals and the shaping of public policy, Cambridge University Press, 2005, pp.137-160.

Richard Lowry, ‘Reaganism v. Neo-Reaganism’, National interest, Spring 2005.

Peter Steinfels (1979), The neoconservatives : the men who are changing America's politics, Simon and Schuster.

John Samples (2004), ‘The rise and fall of conservative reform in the United States: George W. Bush and the transformation of the Reagan legacy,’ Asia-Pacific review., Iss. 2.

Stephen Eric Bronner (2004), ‘Constructing Neo-Conservatism,’ Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture, 3.2, Spring.

Mitchell, G. R., (2006), “Team B Intelligence Coups,” The Quarterly journal of speech., Vol. 92, No. 2, May.

Lee Marsden (2008), For God's sake : the Christian Right and US foreign policy, Zed Books.

Rob Kroes (1984), Neo-conservatism, its emergence in the USA and Europe, Free University Press.

Bush and Neoconservatism

John Dumbrell ‘Unilateralism and ‘America First’? President George W. Bush’s Foreign Policy’, The political quarterly. 73 (3) July 2002.

Richard Crockatt, (2003) America embattled : 9/11, anti-Americanism, and the global order, Routledge.

Mel Gurtov, Superpower on crusade : the Bush doctrine in US foreign policy, Lynne Rienner, 2006

Ivo Daalder and James Lindsay (2003) America Unbound: The Bush Revolution in Foreign Policy The Brookings Institution, pp.98-116. Politics Q-7.3 DAA

Michael Cox, ‘Meaning of Victory: American Power after the Twin Towers’ in Booth and Dunne, Worlds in collision : terror and the future of global order, Palgrave, 2002.

P.T.McCartney, ‘American nationalism and US foreign policy from September 11 to the Iraq War’, Political science quarterly., Vol.119, No.3, 2004.

John Mearsheimer ‘Hans Morgenthau and the Iraq war: realism versus neo-conservatism’ (2005) at http://www.opendemocracy.net/democracy-americanpower/morgenthau_2522.jsp

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Week 6 Assessment Preparation and Support Week

 

 

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Week 7 George W Bush, the Global War on Terror and the Iraq War

Required Reading:

· Daniel Byman, ‘Autopsy of the Iraq Debacle: Policy Failure or Bridge Too Far? ’ Security Studies , 17 (2008) 599-643.

and/or

 - Larry Diamond, ‘What went wrong in Iraq’ Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120 September/October, 2004.

https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/iraq/2004-09-01/what-went-wrong-iraq

· · Zehfuss, M. (2003), “Forget September 11,” Third world quarterly. , Vol. 24, No. 3.

Radiolab Podcast – 60 Words http ://www.radiolab.org/story/60-words /

‘This hour we pull apart one sentence, written in the hours after September 11th, 2001, that has led to the longest war in U.S. history. We examine how just 60 words of legal language have blurred the line between war and peace.’

Further Background Reading:

Bush’s Foreign Policy

Bob Woodward ( 2003) Bush at war New York, London 

John Micklethwait, ‘The Bush re-election and foreign policy after Bush’, International Politics, Vol.42, 2005. - Available online: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1057/palgrave.ip.8800127

Chalmers Johnson ( 2002) Blowback: the costs and consequences of American empire New York : Metropolitan Books ; London : Little Brown, Student Loan/Student Ref/ BL West Q7.3Joh

Richard A. Clarke., Against all enemies : inside America's war on terror London : Free Press, 2004

Michael Cox, ‘Meaning of Victory: American Power after the Twin Towers’ in Booth and Dunne, World’s in Collision, Palgrave, 2002.

Michael Cox, ‘American power before and after 11 September: dizzy with success? ’ International affairs. [London], Apr 2002, Vol.78, No.2, pp.261- 276

Michael Cox, ‘Empire? The Bush Doctrine and the Lessons of History’, David Held and Mathias Koenig-Archibugi, American power in the 21st century, Polity 2004. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

G.John Ikenberry, ‘American Grand Strategy in the Age of Terror’, Survival. Vol.43 No.4 Winter 2001-2002.

Posen Barry R., ‘The Struggle against Terrorism. Grand Strategy, Strategy and Tactics’, International security., 26 (2001/2)

Walt, Stephen ‘Beyond bin Laden. Reshaping U.S. Foreign Policy’, International Security, 26 (2001/2)

M. Leffler, ‘9/11 and the past and future of American foreign policy’, International affairs., Oct 2003, Vol.79, No.5, pp.1045- 1063.

See various articles in New political science., Volume 26, Number 3 September 2004, available electronically.

Joseph Nye, ‘Transformational leadership and US Grand Strategy’, Foreign affairs. Vol.85, No.4, 2006.

P.T.McCartney, ‘American nationalism and US foreign policy from September 11 to the Iraq War’, Political science quarterly., Vol.119, No.3, 2004.

Colin McInnes, A different kind of war? September 11 and the United States ' Afghan war', Review of international studies. vol.29 no.2 (April 2003), pp.165-84.

Kellner, D (2004) Preemptive strikes and the war on Iraq: A Critique of Bush administration’s unilateralism and militarism’ New political science. Vol.26 no.3 417-440.

Iraq

Jack Holland (2009), ‘From September 11th 2001 to 9-11: From Void to Crisis’, International Political Sociology ISSN: 1749-5679, 3:3, pp.275-292.

David Hendrickson and Robert  Tucker, ‘Revision in Need of Revising: What went Wrong in the Iraq War’, Survival : global politics and strategy. ISSN: 0039-6338; 1468-2699, Vol.47, No.2, Summer 2005.

Richard A. Clarke., Against all enemies : inside America's war on terror London : Free Press, 2004

Rodney P. Carlisle. Iraq war New York : Facts On File, c2005.

S. Chesterman, ‘Bush, the United Nations and nation-building’, Survival., Spring 2004, Vol.46, No.1, pp.101-116

D. Dunn ‘Myths, motivations and 'misunderestimations': the Bush Administration and Iraq’ International affairs. Mar 2003, Vol.79, No.2, pp.279- 297

Chris J. Dolan and David B. Cohen, ‘The War about Iraq: Iraq and the Politics of National Security Adising in the G.W. Bush first term’, Politics & policy Vol.34 No.1 (2006).

Dunne ‘The United States, the United Nations and Iraq: 'multilateralism of a kind' International affairs, Mar 2003, Vol.79, No.2, pp.257- 277

Rick Fawn and Raymond Hinnebusch, The Iraq war : causes and consequences, Lynne Reinner, 2006,

Finlan, Alistar, ‘Trapped in the Dead Ground: US Counter-insurgency strategy in Iraq’, Small wars and insurgencies. March 2005.

Freedman, L. ‘Iraq, Liberal Wars and Illiberal Containment’, Survival. Winter 2006.

Mel Gurtov, Superpower on crusade : the Bush doctrine in US foreign policy, Lynne Rienner, 2006

Ahmed S. Hashim. Insurgency and counter-insurgency in Iraq / London: Hurst & Company, c2006.

Stanley Hoffman (with Frederic Bozo) Gulliver unbound : America's imperial temptation and the war in Iraq, Rowman and Littlefield 2004

John Keegan, The Iraq War, London: Hutchinson, 2004.

Thomas George Weiss, et al The wars on terrorism and Iraq : human rights, unilateralism, and U.S. foreign policy Routledge, 2004.

J. Nye Jr ‘U.S. power and strategy after Iraq’ Foreign affairs., Jul-Aug 2003, Vol.82, No.4, pp.60-73

Joseph S. Nye, Jr. The Decline of America's Soft Power ’, Foreign Affairs Vol.83 No.3, 2004.

George Packer, The assassins' gate: America in Iraq New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, c2005.

A. Roberts ‘United Nations Law and the use of force after Iraq’, Survival., Summer 2003, Vol.45, No.2, pp.31-56

Thomas E. Ricks Fiasco : the American military adventure in Iraq London: Penguin Press, 2006.

James P. Rubin ‘Stumbling Into War’ Foreign Affairs, September/October 2003

David Ryan and John Dumbrell (ed.), Vietnam in Iraq : tactics, lessons, legacies and ghosts, Routledge, 2006.

A. Sorensen The reluctant nation builders Current history., Dec 2003, Vol.102, No.668, pp.407-410

Micah Sifry and Christopher Cerf (eds.) The Iraq war reader : history, documents, opinions, Simon and Schuster, 2003. BL West, EBL Student Loan / Student Ref Politics R-3.0446 SIF

S. Talbott, War in Iraq, revolution in America International affairs. Oct 2003, Vol.79, No.5, pp.1037- 1043

Williamson Murray, Robert H. Scales, Jr The Iraq war Cambridge, Mass. ; London : Harvard University Press, 2003.

Bob Woodward, (2004) Plan of attack Simon and Schuster

Bob Woodward (2006), State of denial Simon and Schuster

Kellner, D (2004) Preemptive strikes and the war on Iraq: A Critique of Bush administration’s unilateralism and militarism’ New political science. Vol.26 no.3 417-440.

Ian McAllister, A War Too Far? Bush, Iraq, and the 2004 U.S. Presidential Election Presidential studies quarterly. June 2006 - Vol. 36 Issue 2

Philip A. Klinker, Mr. Bush's War: Foreign Policy in the 2004 Election Presidential Studies Quarterly June 2006 - Vol. 36 Issue 2

John Micklethwait, ‘The Bush re-election and foreign policy after Bush’, International politics, Vol.42, 2005, pp.499-510 - Available online: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1057/palgrave.ip.8800127

Terrorism

Laura J. Shepherd (2008) Visualising violence: legitimacy and authority in the ‘war on terror’, Critical studies on terrorism, 1:2,

Richard Jackson (2005), Writing the war on terrorism : language, politics and counter-terrorism, Manchester University Press.

Stuart Croft (2006), Culture, crisis and America's War on Terror, Cambridge University Press.

Judith Butler (2002), ‘Explanation and Exoneration, or What we Can Hear,’ Social text. – 72, Vol. 20 (3), Fall.

Paul Rogers, ‘Global Terrorism’, and Caroline Kennedy-Pipe, ‘American foreign policy after 9/11’ in Michael Cox and Doug Stokes (ed.), (2008), US Foreign Policy Oxford University Press

Joseba Zulaika (2003), ‘The Self-Fulfilling Prophecies of Counterterrorism,’ Radical History Review, Iss. 85, Winter.

Ruth Wedgewood (2002), ‘Al Qaeda, Terrorism, and Military Commissions,’ American journal of international law., Vol. 96 (2), April.

Sara Ruddick (2003), ‘The Moral Horror of the September Attacks,’ Hypatia., Vol. 18 (1), Winter.

Bat-Ami Bar On (2003), ‘Terrorism, Evil, and Everyday Depravity,’ Hypatia, Vol. 18 (1), Winter.

Shlomo Shpiro (2002), ‘Conflict Media Strategies and the Politics of Counter-Terrorism,’ Politics., Vol. 22 (2).

David L. Altheide (1987), ‘Format and Symbols in TV Coverage of Terrorism in the United States and Great Britain,’ International studies quarterly., Vol. 31.

Ashton Carter, John Deutch, and Philip Zelikow (1998), ‘Catastrophic Terrorism: Tackling the New Danger,’ Foreign affairs., Vol. 77 (6), Nov./Dec.

Raymond R. Corrado (1981), ‘A Critique of the Mental Disorder Perspective of Political Terrorism,’ International journal of law and psychiatry. ISSN: 0160-2527., Vol. 4.

Walter B. Slocombe (2003), ‘Force, Pre-emption and Legitimacy,’ Survival., Vol. 45 (1), Spring.

John Lewis Gaddis (2002), ‘A Grand Strategy of Transformation,’ Foreign policy., Nov./Dec.

Harold Hongju Koh (2002), ‘The Case against Military Commissions,’ American journal of international law., Vol. 96 (2), April.

Drucilla Cornell (2003), ‘Facing Our Humanity,’ Hypatia, Vol. 18 (1), Winter.

Sherene Razack (2003), ‘Those Who ‘Witness the Evil’’, Hypatia., Vol. 18 (1), Winter.

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Week 8 The Obama Foreign Policy 

Required Reading:

- Trevor McCrisken, ‘Ten Years on: Obama’s war on terrorism in rhetoric and practice’ International Affairs Vol.87 No.4 (2011) pp.781-801.

- Timothy J Lynch (2012) Review Article: Obama and the third Bush term: towards a typology of Obama Studies’, International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850 Vol.88 No.5 pp: 1101-1111.

- Michael J. Boyle, The costs and consequences of drone warfare, International Affairs Vol. 89, no. 1, (2013) pp 1-29.

Further  Reading:

Barack Obama ‘Renewing American Leadership’  Foreign affairs, July/August 2007

Parmar, Inderjeet, Linda B. Miller, Mark Ledwidge (eds), Obama and the world : new directions in US foreign policy, 2nd edition (London: Routledge, 2014)

James M. Lindsay, George W. Bush, Barack Obama and the future of US global leadership,’ International affairs. vol. 87 no. 4 (2011) pp. 765-779

R Chaudhuri and T Farrell, Campaign disconnect: operational progress and strategic obstacles in Afghanistan, 2009–2011’ International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850, Volume 87, Issue 2, 1 March 2011, Pages 271–296,

J. Lynch and T. B. McCrisken, eds, “Beyond Bush: A New Era in US Foreign Policy?”, International politics. ISSN: 1384-5748; 1740-3898, 46, (2009): 115-18

Leila Hudson, Colin S. Owens and Matt Flannes, ‘Drone warfare: blowback from the new American way of war’, Middle East policy. 18: 3, Fall 2011, pp. 122–32.

Randall, S. The American Foreign Policy Transition: Barack Obama in Power, Journal of Military and Strategic Studies ISSN: 1488-559X, Fall and Winter 2008/9, Vol. 11, Issues 1 and 2, 2009.

Steven P Lee (2015) Human Rights and Drone “Warfare”. Peace Review 27 (4) p. 432.

Alcides Eduardo dos Reis Peron (2014) "The “Surgical” Legitimacy of Drone Strikes? Issues of Sovereignty and Human Rights in the Use of Unmanned Aerial Systems in Pakistan." Journal of Strategic Security 7(4): 81-93. - Available online: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/jss/vol7/iss4/7/ 

Mike Fowler (2014) "The Strategy of Drone Warfare." Journal of Strategic Security 7(4): 108-119. - Available online: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi? article=1407&context=jss

Inderjeet Parmar (2014) American power and identities in the age of Obama. International politics., 48(2-3), 153-163.

Jack Holland and Michelle Bentley, eds. (2014) Obama's foreign policy : ending the war on terror. London: Routledge.

Daniel W Drezner, ‘Does Obama Have a Grand Strategy? Why We Need Doctrines in Uncertain Times,’ Foreign Affairs, 2011

Zbigniew Brzezinski, From Hope to Audacity Appraising Obama's Foreign Policy, Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120 2009.

Henry Kissinger, ‘Obama’s Foreign Policy Challenge’, Washington post 2009.

Nicholas Bouchet, ‘Barack Obama’s democracy promotion at midterm’, International journal of human rights. forthcoming 2011 available on VLE.

Jason Ralph, Law, War and the State of the American Exception available on VLE. - Available online: https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/review-of-international-studies/article/the-laws-of-war-and-the-state-of-the-american-exception/26F1861BCDECD580FB256CF7472498FB

Inderjeet Parmar, Foreign policy fusion: Liberal interventionists, conservative nationalists and neoconservatives — the new alliance dominating the US foreign policy establishment, International politics (2009) 46, 177–209.

Giorgio Dominese ‘America and the World. Obama and the War.' Transition Studies Review 16 (1) 2009 - Available online: http://www.academia.edu/6451604/America_and_the_World_Obama_and_the_War Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva .

John Dumbrell, ‘American Power. Crisis or Renewal? ’ Politics. Vol.30 December 2010.

Bob Woodward, Obama's wars, 2010.

Richard Lappin ‘Obama and Democracy Assistance: Challenges and Responses’ - Available online: https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/34462940.pdf

Michael Desch, ‘The more things change the more they stay the same. The Liberal Tradition of Obama’s Counterterrorism policy’, PS : political science and politics. 2010

Robert Kagan, ‘Obama Year One’, World affairs. Volume 172, Number 3 / January - February 2010 - Available online: http://www.worldaffairsjournal.org/article/obamas-year-one-contra

 

The situation in 2008

Special edition of Survival. ‘The Bush Years and Beyond’, February-March 2008.

G.John Ikenberry, ‘America’s Security Trap’, in Michael Cox and Doug Stokes (ed.), (2008), US Foreign Policy Oxford University Press.

Anatol Lieven, ‘The future of US foreign policy’, in Michael Cox and Doug Stokes (ed.), (2008), US Foreign Policy Oxford University Press.

B. Richardson, ‘A New Realism. A Realistic and Principled Foreign Policy’, Foreign affairs. Vol.87, No.1. (2008)

Stephen R Graubard, ‘A Broader Agenda. Beyond the Bush Era Foreign Policy’ Foreign Affairs, Jan/Feb2009, Vol. 88 Issue 1, p176-181

Mitt Romney ‘Rising to a New Generation of Global Challenges’ Foreign Affairs, July/August 2007

Mitchell B. Reiss Restoring America's Image: What the Next President Can Do Survival Vol.50, No.5 2008.

Martin Walker ‘The Year of the Insurgents: The 2008 US Presidential Campaign’, International affairs. November 2008

Richard N.; Haass, Martin Indyk, ‘Beyond Iraq’ Foreign Affairs, Jan/Feb2009, Vol. 88 Issue 1, p41-58

Robert E. Hunter ‘A New American Middle East Strategy? ’ Survival Vol.50 No.6 2008

Toby Dodge ‘Iraq and the Next American President’ Survival Vol.50, No.5 2008.

Michael J. Williams ‘The Coming Revolution in Foreign Affairs: Rethinking American National Security’ International Affairs, November 2008.

Brian Rathbun ‘Steeped in International Affairs? The Foreign Policy Views of the Tea Party’, Foreign policy analysis. July 2012.

Walter Russell Mead ‘The Tea Party and American Foreign Policy’ Foreign affairs. Vol.90 No.2 March/April 2011 pp.28-44.

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Week 10 Obama's Legacy - Key Issues for the Future

Required reading:

Pifer S (2015) Obama's Faltering Nuclear Legacy: The 3 R's. The Washington quarterly. 38(2): 101-118.

Michael Clarke & Anthony Ricketts (2017) Did Obama have a grand strategy? The journal of strategic studies. ISSN: 0140-2390, 40:1-2, 295-324, Review Essay.

Jeffrey Goldberg, ‘The Obama Doctrine,’ The Atlantic, April 2016. - Available online: http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2016/04/the-obama-doctrine/471525 /

Further Reading:

Kathryn Stoner and Michael McFaul (2015) Who Lost Russia (This Time)? Vladimir Putin. The Washington quarterly. 38:2 pp:167–187

David Skidmore (2012) The Obama Presidency and US Foreign Policy: Where's the Multilateralism? International studies perspectives.. 13(1): 43-64.

Inderjeet Parmar (2010). Plus Ca Change? American Foreign Policy under Obama. Political Insight, 1(1), 14-16.

Jon Lee Anderson (October 2016) A New Cuba. The New Yorker.

Andreas Krieg (2016) Externalizing the burden of war: the Obama Doctrine and US foreign policy in the Middle East, International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850, Volume 92, Issue 1, Pages 97–113,

Adam Quinn. (2011) ‘The Art of Declining Politely’, International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850, 87:4, 803-824.

J. Lynch and T. B. McCrisken, eds, “Beyond Bush: A New Era in US Foreign Policy?”, International politics. ISSN: 1384-5748; 1740-3898, 46, (2009): 115-18

M Bentley and J Holland, eds, The Obama Doctrine : a legacy of continuity in US foreign policy? ISBN: 9781138831223 (hardback); 1138831220 (hardback); 9781315731346 (ebook), Routledge 2016

Vladislav Zubok (2016) Russia, the US and the Backstory Behind the Breakdown. Wilson quarterly. ISSN: 0363-3276, Winter 2016. Available at: http://wilsonquarterly.com/quarterly/the-post-obama-world/russia-the-u-s-and-the-backstory-behind-the-breakdown/

Kroenig M (2015) Facing Reality: Getting NATO Ready for a New Cold War. Survival : global politics and strategy. 57(1): 49-70.

Cold War 2.0: how Russia and the west reheated a historic struggle (October, 2016) The Guardian.  Available: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/oct/24/cold-war-20-how-russia-and-the-west-reheated-a-historic-struggle

Syria

Fawaz A. Gerges, ‘The Obama approach to the Middle East: the end of America's moment? ’  International affairs. , Vol 89 no. 2 (2013) pp 299-323

Amos Guiora "Intervention in Libya, Yes; Intervention in Syria, No: Deciphering the Obama Administration." Case Western Reserve journal of international law.  44.Issues 1 and 2 (2011): 251-276.

Robert E. Hunter ‘A New American Middle East Strategy? ’ Survival : global politics and strategy.  Vol.50 No.6 2008

Donette Murray (2013) Military action but not as we know it: Libya, Syria and the making of an Obama Doctrine. Contemporary Politics 19(2).

Samuel Charap (2013) Russia, Syria and the Doctrine of Intervention. Survival : global politics and strategy.. 55(1).

Andreas Krieg (2016) Externalizing the burden of war: the Obama Doctrine and US foreign policy in the Middle East. International affairs. 92(1): 97–113.

Michelle Bentley (2014) Strategic taboos: chemical weapons and US foreign policy. International affairs.. 90(5).

Daniel Byman (2015) Six Bad Options for Syria. The Washington quarterly. 38(4).

Prague Agenda

Warren A (2011) The Promises of Prague versus Nuclear Realities: From Bush to Obama. Contemporary security policy. 32(2): 432-457.

Warren A (2014) The Obama administration's nuclear weapon strategy : the promises of Prague. New York & London: Routledge.

Spear J (2011) More Business as Usual? The Obama Administration and the Nuclear Posture Review. Contemporary security policy. 32(1): 241-263.

Obama B (2016d) How we can make our vision of a world without nuclear weapons a reality, Washington post 30 March 2016.

Mutimer D (2011) From Arms Control to Denuclearization: Governmentality and the Abolitionist Desire. Contemporary security policy. 32(1): 57-75.

Harrington de Santana A (2011) The Strategy of Non-Proliferation: Maintaining the Credibility of an Incredible Pledge to Disarm. Millennium., Journal of International Studies 40(1): 3-19.

Bowen WQ, Cottee M and Hobbs C (2012) Multilateral cooperation and the prevention of nuclear terrorism: pragmatism over idealism. International affairs. 88 (2): 349-368.

Ritchie N (2009) US nuclear weapons policy after the Cold War : Russians, 'rogues' and domestic division. Abingdon: Routledge

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Week 10 A Trump Foreign Policy

Required Reading:

· Michael J. Boyle (2016) The Coming Illiberal Order, Survival : global politics and strategy., 58:2, 35-66, DOI: 10.1080/00396338.2016.1161899

- Thomas Wright, ‘Trump’s 19th Century Foreign Policy,’ Politico, January 20, 2016

http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2016/01/donald-trump-foreign-policy-213546

- Stephen Sestanovich ‘The brilliant incoherence of Trump’s foreign policy’ The Atlantic May 2017. 

https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2017/05/the-brilliant-incoherence-of-trumps-foreign-policy/521430/

Further Reading:

Max Boot (November 2016) Trump’s ‘America First’ Is the Twilight of American Exceptionalism. Foreign policy.

Angelo M. Codevilla (October 2016) Make America Victorious Again. From The Claremont Institute. Available: http://www.claremont.org/crb/basicpage/make-america-victorious-again/

William A. Galston (2017) ‘The 2016 U.S. Election: The Populist Moment’ Journal of democracy. ISSN: 1045-5736 28:2 pg 21-33.

http://journalofdemocracy.org/sites/default/files/03_28.2_Galston%20%28web%29%20%28002%29.pdf

Ronald Brownstein (2016) How Trump Won, The Atlantic 9 Nov 2016.

https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2016/11/how-trump-won/507053/

‘How Trump Won and Why Clinton Lost the Election – 13 Theories’ (2016) Salon.com

http://www.salon.com/2016/12/26/13-theories-on-why-trump-won-and-how-clinton-lost_partner/

LSE US Centre, The Ballpark podcast Episode 2.3: Trumpian Foreign Policy

http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/usappblog/2017/06/03/the-ballpark-podcast-episode-2-3-trumpian-foreign-policy/

Rebecca Friedman, War on The Rocks, The Risk of Nuclear Catastrophe under Trump 23 May , 2017

https://warontherocks.com/2017/05/the-risk-of-nuclear-catastrophe-under-trump/

Ankit Panda, ‘What the Intel Leaks Are Telling Us About North Korea’s Nukes’ PoliticoPro, August 16, 2017.

http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2017/08/16/what-the-intel-leaks-are-telling-us-about-north-koreas-nukes-215495

Max Boot (November 2016) Trump’s ‘America First’ Is the Twilight of American Exceptionalism. Foreign policy. ISSN: 0015-7228.

Angelo M. Codevilla (October 2016) Make America Victorious Again. From The Claremont Institute. Available: http://www.claremont.org/crb/basicpage/make-america-victorious-again/ (this was on influence on the Trump FP campaign message)

Matt Taibbi ‘How America Made Donald Trump Unstoppable’ Rolling Stone February 24, 2016

http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/how-america-made-donald-trump-unstoppable-20160224?page=13

C Friedersdorf, The Atlantic ‘David Petraeus Sends Mixed Messages on War Powers’

https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2017/06/david-petraeus-the-aumf-is-stretched-beyond-recognition/532443/ (on the stretching of the 2001 AUMF)

Jonathan Chait (September 2016) Colin Kaepernick and Patriotism at the End of the Obama Era. NY Magazine. Available:

http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2016/09/colin-kaepernick-and-patriotism-in-the-obama-era.html

Rosa Brooks (December 2016) Don’t Freak Out About Trump’s Cabinet Full of Generals. Foreign policy. ISSN: 0015-7228

Zack Beauchamp, Vox, ‘Steve Bannon tried to destroy “globalism.” It destroyed him instead.

https://www.vox.com/world/2017/8/18/16169486/steve-bannon-departure-foreign-policy

Plus further reading to be added.

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Week 11 

Required Reading:

  • The final lecture will look forward to the rest of the Trump administration and its consequences for USFP and the role of the US in the world.
  • This will be based on the reading list we have collectively created over the semester.

This list was last updated on 25/08/2017