Leeds University Library

CLAS3740
Module Reading List

Greek Religion, 2017/18, Semester 1
Dr E J Stafford
E.J.Stafford@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Either: Larson, J. (2007) Ancient Greek cults : a guide, London and NY: Routledge

[Most recent general book, conveniently arranged. Available in the shops as an expensive hardback, but at a relatively cheap £23.50 via Routledge’s Paperbacks Direct service – see http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415491020/]

Or: Mikalson, J. (2004) Ancient Greek religion, Oxford: Blackwell [A good way into the subject.]

Or: Price, S. (1999) Religions of the ancient Greeks, Cambridge: CUP [Thought-provoking introduction; includes some useful source material.]

You should be able to get these at Blackwells in LUU, but if you want to buy on-line, see Blackwells’ user-friendly Reading List service (http://www.readinglists.co.uk/rsl/student/sviewlist.dfp?id=2312).

Using this bibliography and the library
Don’t panic – I’m not expecting you to read every item on this bibliography! Rather, it’s meant to give you plenty of choice of reading, allowing you to follow up on any of the lecture-topics which you want to go into in more depth. NB Not all of the books on Greek religion in the Brotherton Library are listed here. Some have been deliberately omitted for various reasons, but there are probably plenty that I’ve simply not yet come across. I would welcome comments on anything you find which seems to you to be useful and worth recommending to others, and conversely please feel free to give me any unrecommendations!

Key to symbols
* Items marked with an asterisk are especially recommended.
☺ indicates that there’s a copy in the Department Library (on the shelves if it’s a book, in the Greek Religion Module Box if it’s an article).
☺☺ indicates that the article is available electronically via JSTOR (accessible via the Library Catalogue). Some book-chapters are also being digitised and made available via the VLE.

The bibliography is arranged systematically, following the order of the lectures:
1. General
2. Athenian religion
3. Spartan religion
4. Panhellenic sanctuaries
5. Mystery cults
6. The human life-cycle
7. Hero cults
8. Asklepios and healing cults
9. ‘New’ cults

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1. General

*Items marked with an asterisk are especially recommended. ?indicates that there’s a copy in the Department Library (in the Greek Religion Module Box if it’s an article). The bibliography is arranged systematically, more or less following the order of the lectures.

Many of the books listed in this section have chapters on the more specific subjects of the lectures. For serious research there is also a new 5-volume reference work, the Thesaurus cultus et rituum antiquorum (ThesCRA). (2004-6, J. Paul Getty Museum). or Thesaurus cultus et rituum antiquorum (ThesCRA). for short, which you’ll find in the Brotherton (Ancient History A 0.05 THE, reference only). The articles cover particular elements of Greek, Roman and Etruscan religious practice, such as ‘Sacrifice’, ‘Prayer’, ‘Processions’, and are in a variety of languages (English, French, German and Italian). Each article includes a catalogue of ancient sources, including images and inscriptions as well as translated literary texts.

a) Starting points for study

Bremmer, J. (1994) Greek religion (= New Surveys in the Classics no. 24), Oxford

Bremmer, J. and Erskine, A. (2010) The gods of ancient Greece : identities and transformations, Edinburgh: EUP

*Bruit Zaidman, L. and Schmitt Pantel, P. (1992) Religion in the ancient Greek city, Cambridge: CUP

*Buxton, R. G. A. (ed. 2000) Oxford readings in Greek religion, Oxford

*Easterling, P.E. and Muir, J.V. (eds. 1985) Greek religion and society, Cambridge: CUP

Garland, R. (1994) Religion and the Greeks, Bristol: Bristol Classical Press

Gould, J. (2001) ‘On making sense of Greek religion’, in Myth, ritual, memory, and exchange : essays in Greek literature and culture, Oxford: OUP, 202-34 [also in Easterling and Muir 1985, 1-33]

*Kearns, E. (2010) Ancient Greek religion : a sourcebook, Oxford: Blackwell

*Larson, J. (2007) Ancient Greek cults : a guide, London and NY: Routledge

*Mikalson, J. (2004) Ancient Greek religion, Oxford: Blackwell

*Ogden, D. (ed. 2007) A companion to Greek religion, Oxford: Blackwell

Parker, R. (1986) ‘Greek Religion’, in The Oxford history of the classical world, Oxford: OUP, 254-74

*Pedley, J. (2005) Sanctuaries and the sacred in the ancient Greek world, Cambridge: CUP

*Price, S. (1999) Religions of the ancient Greeks, Cambridge: CUP

Price, S. and Kearns, E. (2003) The Oxford dictionary of classical myth and religion, Oxford: OUP

b) Greek religious belief and practice in general

Alcock, S.E. and Osborne, R. (1994) Placing the gods : sanctuaries and sacred space in ancient Greece, Oxford: OUP

☺Alroth, B. (1992) ‘Changing modes in the representation of cult images’, in Hägg, R. (ed.) The iconography of Greek cult in the Archaic and Classical periods : proceedings of the First International Seminar on Ancient Greek Cult, organised by the Swedish Institute at Athens and the European Cultural Centre of Delphi : Delphi, 16-18 November 1990, Liège

Asirvatham, S., Pache, C. and Watrous, J. (2001) Between magic and religion : interdisciplinary studies in ancient Mediterranean religion and society, Lanham, MD: Lexington Books

Borgeaud, P. (2004) Mother of the gods : from Cybele to the Virgin Mary, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP

Bremmer, J. (2002) The rise and fall of the afterlife : the 1995 Read-Tuckwell lectures at the University of Bristol, London and New York: Routledge

Cole, S.G. (2004) Landscapes, gender, and ritual space : the ancient Greek experience, Berkeley: University of California Press

Day, J.W. (2010) Archaic Greek epigram and dedication : representation and reperformance: Cambridge: CUP

Detienne, M. and Vernant, J.P. ([1979] 1989) The Cuisine of Sacrifice Among the Greeks, tr. Wissing, P., Chicago: Chicago University Press

Dillon, M.P.J. (1997) Pilgrims and pilgrimage in ancient Greece, London and New York: Routledge

Emerson, M. (2007) Greek sanctuaries : an introduction (London: Duckworth)

Ferguson, J. (1989) Among the gods : an archaeological exploration of ancient Greek religion, London: Routledge

Flower, M.A. (2008) The seer in ancient Greece, Berkeley: University of California Press

Flower, M.A. (2008) ‘The Iamidae: a mantic family and its public image’, in Dignas, B. and Trampedach, K. (eds) Practitioners of the divine : greek priests and religious officials from Homer to Heliodorus, Washington, 187-206

Furley, W.D. (1981) Studies in the use of fire in ancient Greek religion, Salem: Ayer

☺☺Furley, W.D. (1995) ‘Praise and persuasion in Greek hymns’, The journal of Hellenic studies. 115: 29-46

Hägg, R., Marinatos, N. and Nordquist, G.C. (1988) Early Greek cult practice : proceedings of the fifth international symposium at the Swedish Institute at Athens, 26-29 June, 1986, Stockholm: Paul Åströms

Hägg, R. (ed. 1999) Ancient Greek cult practice from the archaeological evidence : proceedings of the fourth International Seminar on Ancient Greek Cult, organized by the Swedish Institute at Athens, 22-24 October 1993, Stockholm: Paul Å ströms

Hannah, R. (2005) Greek and Roman calendars : constructions of time in the classical world, London: Duckworth

Harris, E.M. and Rubinstein, L. (2004) The law and the courts in ancient Greece, London: Duckworth (see section ‘religion and the sources of legitimacy’)

Instone, S. (2009) Greek personal religion : a reader, Warminster: Aris and Phillips

Isager, S. and Skydsgaard, J.E. (1992) Ancient Greek agriculture : an introduction, London and New York: Routledge, Part III ‘Gods and Agriculture’

Jensen, J.T, Hinge, G. Schultz, P. And Wickkiser, B. (eds 2009) Aspects of ancient Greek cult : context, ritual and iconography, Aarhus: Aarhus University Press

Johnston, S.I. (ed. 2004) Religions of the ancient world : a guide, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP

*Johnston, S.I. (2008) Ancient Greek divination, Oxford: Blackwell

Johnston, S.I. and Struck, P.T. (eds 2005), Mantikê : studies in ancient divination, Leiden: Brill

Kerényi, C. (1975) Zeus and Hera : archetypal image of father, husband, and wife, tr. Holme, C., London: Routledge and Kegan Paul

Larson, J. (2001) Greek nymphs : myth, cult, lore, Oxford/NY: OUP

Lissarrague, F. (2001) Greek vases : the Athenians and their images, USA: Riverside Books [See chapter ‘Men and gods’ (134-52) for illustrations of various religious rituals, and‘ Passages’ (112-31) on representations of death and marriage.]

Lloyd, A.B. (1997) What is a God? Studies in the nature of Greek divinity, London: Duckworth

Lloyd-Jones, H. (1971) The justice of Zeus.: University of California Press

Lonsdale, S. (1993) Dance and ritual play in Greek religion, Baltimore, Md: Johns Hopkins UP

Luck, G. (2000) Ancient pathways and hidden pursuits : religion, morals, and magic in the ancient world, Ann Arbor: Michigan UP

Lupu, E. (2004) Greek sacred law : a collection of new documents (NGSL), Leiden: Brill

Malkin, I. (1987) Religion and colonization in ancient Greece, Leiden: Brill

Marinatos, N. and Hägg, R. (eds. 1993) Greek sanctuaries : new approaches, London: Routledge

Martin, L.H. (1987) Hellenistic religions, Oxford: OUP

Mikalson, J.D. (1991) Honor thy gods : popular religion in Greek tragedy, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press

Melas, E. (ed. 1973) Temples and sanctuaries of ancient Greece : a companion guide, London: Thames and Hudson

☺☺Naiden, F.S. (2007) ‘The fallacy of the willing victim’, The journal of Hellenic studies. 127: 61-73

Parker, R. (1983) Miasma : pollution and purification in early Greek religion, Oxford: Clarendon

Pritchett, W.K. (1979) The Greek state at war, vol. III: Religion, Berkeley, etc.: California UP

Purvis, A.L. (2003) Singular dedications : founders and innovators of private cults in classical Greece, London and New York: Routledge

Richer, J. (1994) Sacred geography of the ancient Greeks : astrological symbolism in art, architecture, and landscape,, Albany, N.Y.: State University of NY Press

Robertson, N. (1992) Festivals and legends : the formation of Greek cities in the light of public ritual, Toronto, etc: University of Toronto Press

Spawforth, A. (2006) The complete Greek temples, London: Thames and Hudson

Straten, F.T. van (1992) ‘Votives and votaries in Greek sanctuaries’, in A. Schachter (ed.) Entretiens Hardt: Le Sanctuaire grec (Vandoeuvres-Geneva), 247-84; reprinted in Buxton, R.G.A. (ed. 2000) Oxford readings in Greek religion, Oxford, 191-223

Straten, F.T. van (1995) Hiera kala : images of animal sacrifice in archaic and classical Greecee, Leiden: Brill

c) Women’s ritual and gender issues

Blundell, S. (1996) Women in ancient Greece, Harvard, 98-139

*Blundell, S. and Williamson, M. (1998) The sacred and the feminine in ancient Greece, London and New York: Routledge [various articles relevant to marriage, death and girls’ initiation]

☺Cole, S.G. (1992) ‘Gynaiki ou themis: gender difference in the Greek leges sacrae’, Helios 19: 104-22

Connelly, J.B. (2007) Portrait of a priestess : women and ritual in ancient Greece, Princeton NJ: PUP

☺☺Dillon, M.P.J. (2000) ‘Did Parthenoi attend the Olympic Games? Girls and women competing, spectating, and carrying out cult roles at Greek religious festivals’, Hermes. 128: 457-80

*Dillon, M.J.P. (2002) Girls and women in classical Greek religion, London and New York: Routledge

Foxhall, L. (1995) ‘Women’s ritual and men’s work in ancient Athens’, in Hawley, R. and Levick, B. (eds) Women in antiquity : new assessments, London and New York, 97-110

Goff, B. (2004) Citizen Bacchae : women's ritual practice in ancient Greece, Berkeley, etc

Johns, C. (1982) Sex or symbol? : erotic images of Greece and Rome, London: British Museum Publications

Neils, J. (2004) ‘Kitchen or cult? Women with mortars and pestles’, in Keay, S.and Moser, S. (eds) Greek art in view : essays in honour of Brian Sparkes, Oxford: Oxbow, 54-62

☺☺Osborne, R. (1993) ‘Women and sacrifice in classical Greece’, The Classical quarterly. 43: 392-405

☺Prytz Johansen, J. (1975) ‘The Thesmophoria as a women’s festival’, Temenos. 11: 78-87

Schmitt Pantel, P. (ed. 1992) A History of women in the West / Georges Duby and Michelle Perrot, general editors. 1, From ancient goddesses to Christian saints, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP [See Loraux, N. ‘What is a goddess?’ (11-44) and Bruit Zaidman, L. ‘Pandora’s daughters and rituals in Grecian cities’ (338-76)]

d) Individual gods and heroes

Fischer-Hansen, T. and Paulsen, B. (eds 2009) From Artemis to Diana : the goddess of man and beast, Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press

Friedrich, P. (1978) The meaning of Aphrodite, Chicago: University of Chicago Press

Rosenzweig, R. (2004) Worshipping Aphrodite : art and cult in classical Athens : art and cult in classical Athens, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press

Smith, A.C. and Pickup, S. (eds 2010) Brill's companion to Aphrodite Leiden: Brill

See also the Routledge series Gods and Heroes of the Ancient World, each volume of which covers a single god or hero, tracing their appearances in ancient literature, art and cult, and discussing their influence on post-classical culture. Some have more emphasis on religious ritual than others:

Gods:

*K. Dowden, Zeus (London 2005),

*R. Seaford, Dionysos (London 2006),

*S. Deacy, Athena (London 2008),

*F. Graf, Apollo (London 2008),

*M. Cyrino,Aphrodite (London 2010),

*E.J. Stafford, Herakles (London 2011)

Heroes:

C. Dougherty, Prometheus (London 2005)

L. Edmunds, Oedipus (London 2006)

E. Griffiths, Medea (London 2005)

D. Ogden, Perseus (London 2008)

e) Myth and religion

*Bremmer, J.N. (ed. 1987) Interpretations of Greek mythology, London: Routledge

☺☺Burkert, W. (1970) ‘Jason, Hypsipyle, and new fire at Lemnos. A study in myth and ritual’, The Classical quarterly. n.s. 20: 1-16; reprinted in Buxton, R. G. A. (ed. 2000) Oxford readings in Greek religion, Oxford, 227-249

Burkert, W. (1979) Structure and history in Greek mythology and ritual, etc: University of California Press

Burkert, W. (1996) Creation of the sacred : tracks of biology in early religions, Cambridge: Harvard UP

Csapo, E. (2005) Theories of mythology, Oxford: Blackwells

*Dowden, K. (1992) The uses of Greek mythology, London: Routledge

Edmunds, L. (ed. 1990) Approaches to Greek myth, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP

Goldhill, S. and Osborne, R. (eds. 1999) Performance-culture and Athenian democracy, Cambridge: CUP

Gordon, R.L. (1981) Myth, religion and society : structuralist essays, Cambridge: CUP

*Graf, F. (1993) Greek mythology : an introduction, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP

Guépin, J.P. (1968) The tragic paradox : myth and ritual in Greek tragedy, Amsterdam: Hakkert

Kirk, G. S. (1970) Myth : its meaning and functions in ancient and other cultures (Sather classical lectures, vol. 40), Cambridge: CUP

f) Ancient sources

Homer and Hesiod are important literary sources for understanding some of the ideas which underlie Greek religion. Any translations of the The Iliad and The Odyssey will do; the The Homeric hymns can be found in a Loeb volume along with Hesiod, or rather more readably in the translations by M. Crudden (Oxford: OUP 2002) or D. Rayor (Berkely: U. of California Press 2004). There’s a handy Oxford World’s Classics volume of Hesiod’s Theogony ; and, Works and days, translated by M.L. West (1988). West is also responsible for a useful recent Loeb translation of the Greek epic fragments from the seventh to the fifth centuries BC (2003). A later writer of whom we’ll be making much use is Pausanias (tr. Levi, P. 1979 as Pausanias: Guide to Greece, 2 vols., Penguin). Some secondary reading on these sources contains much of relevance for Greek religion:

Alcock, S.E. and Thurnau, A.F. (eds) Pausanias : travel and memory in Roman Greece, Oxford/NY: OUP

Arafat, K. (1992) ‘Pausanias’ attitudes to antiquities’, The Annual of the British School at Athens. 87: 387-409

Arafat, K.W. (1996) Pausanias' Greece : ancient artists and Roman rulers, Cambridge: CUP

Dickey, E. (2007) Ancient Greek scholarship : a guide to finding, reading, and understanding scholia, commentaries, lexica, and grammatical treatises, from their beginnings to the Byzantine period: Oxford: OUP

Dillon, M. (1997) Pilgrims and pilgrimage in ancient Greece, London: Routledge

Edwards, A.T. (2004) Hesiod's Ascra, Berkeley: University of California Press

Elsner, J. (1992) ‘Pausanias: a Greek pilgrim in the Roman World’, Past & present. 135: 3-29

Gould, J. (2001) ‘Herodotus and religion’, in Myth, ritual, memory, and exchange : essays in Greek literature and culture, Oxford: OUP, 359-77

Frazer, J.G. (1898) Pausanias's Description of Greece, London: Macmillan

Habicht, C. (1999) Pausanias' Guide to ancient Greece, Berkeley, etc: University of California Press

Harrison, T. (2000) Divinity and history : the religion of Herodotus, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Hutton, W. (2005) Describing Greece : landscape and literature in the Periegesis of Pausanias, Cambridge: CUP

Miller, A.M. (1986) From Delos to Delphi : a literary study of the Homeric Hymn to Apollo, Leiden: Brill

Penglase, C. (1994) Greek myths and Mesopotamia : parallels and influence in the Homeric hymns and Hesiod, London: Routledge

Pretzler, M. (2007) Pausanias : travel writing in ancient Greece, London: Duckworth

Pritchett, W.K. (1999) Pausanias Periegetes, Gieben 1998

Richardson, N.J. (1974) The Homeric hymn to Demeter, Oxford: OUP

Steiner, D. (2001) Images in mind : statues in archaic and classical Greek literature and thought, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press

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2. Athenian Religion

Blok, J.H. and Lambert, S.D. (2009) ‘The appointment of priests in Attic gene’,Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik. 169: 95-101

*Bowie, A.M. (1993) Aristophanes : myth, ritual and comedy, Cambridge: CUP

☺☺Connelly, J.B. (1996) ‘Parthenon and Parthenoi: a mythological interpretation of the Parthenon frieze’, The American journal of archaeology. 100: 53-80

Cosmopoulos, M.B. (ed.) The Parthenon and its sculptures (Cambridge 2004) – see articles by Neils (43- 62) and Robertson (86-113) on imagery connected with Panathenaic ritual.

Csapo, E. (1997) ‘Riding the phallus for Dionysos. Iconology, ritual, and gender-role de/construction’, Phoenix. 51: 253-95

Evans, N. (2010) Civic rites : democracy and religion in ancient Athens, Berkeley: U of California P

Garland, R. (1990) ‘Priests and power in Classical Athens’, in M. Beard and J. North (eds) Pagan priests : religion and power in the ancient world, London: Duckworth

Hamilton, R. (1992) Choes and Anthesteria : Athenian iconography and ritual, University of Michigan Press

Harris, D. (1996) The treasures of the Parthenon and Erechtheion, Oxford: OUP

☺☺Hedreen, G. (2004) ‘The return of Hephaistos, Dionysiac procession ritual and the creation of a visual narrative’, The journal of Hellenic studies. 124: 38-64

Humphries, S.C. (2004) The strangeness of gods : historical perspectives on the interpretation of Athenian religion, Oxford: OUP – see esp. ch. 4 ‘A sense of agency: religion in the Attic demes’ (130-96) and ch.6 ‘Metamorphoses of tradition: the Athenian Anthesteria’ (223-75)

Jameson, M.H. (1999) ‘The spectacular and the obscure in Athenian religion’, in Goldhill, S. and Osborne, R. (eds) Performance culture and Athenian democracy, Cambridge: CUP, 321-40

Lambert, S.D. (2002) ‘The sacrificial calendar of Athens’, BSA 97: 353-99

Mikalson, J.D. (1983) Athenian popular religion, Chapel Hill and London

Mikalson, J.D. (1998) Religion in Hellenistic Athens, Berkeley, etc: University of California Press

Munn, M. (2006) The mother of the gods, Athens, and the tyranny of Asia : a study of sovereignty in ancient religion, Berkeley, etc: University of California Press

Neils, J. (ed. 1992) Goddess and polis : the Panathenaic Festival in ancient Athens, Princeton NJ: PUP

Neils, J. (ed. 1996) Worshipping Athena : Panathenaia and Parthenon, Madison: University of Wisconsin P.

Neils, J. and Tracy, S.V. (2003) The games at Athens, Athens: American School of Classical Studies at Athens

☺Osborne, R. (1985) ‘The religious factor: confirmation or alternative?’, in Demos : the discovery of classical Attika, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 154-82

Palagia, O. and Choremi-Spetsieri, A. (eds 2007) The Panathenaic Games : proceedings of an international conference held at the University of Athens, May 11-12, 2004, Oxford: Oxbow

*Parke, H.W. (1977) Festivals of the Athenians, London: Thames and Hudson

*Parker, R. (1996) Athenian religion : a history, Oxford: Clarendon

Parker, R. (2005) Polytheism and society at Athens, Oxford: OUP

Pickard-Cambridge, A.W. (1968) The dramatic festivals of Athens, 2nd ed. Oxford

Robertson, N. (1985) ‘The origin of the Panathenaea’, Rheinisches Museum für Philologie. 128: 231-95

Rosivach, V.J. (1994) The system of public sacrifice in fourth-century Athens, Atlanta

Shapiro, H.A. (1989) Art and cult under the tyrants in Athens, Mainz 1989

Shear, J.L. (2003) ‘Prizes from Athens: the list of Panathenaic prizes and the sacred oil’, Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik. 142: 87-108

Simon, E. (1983) Festivals of Attica : an archaeological commentary, Madison, Wis.: University of Wisconsin Press

Sourvinou-Inwood, C. (2002) Tragedy and Athenian religion, Lanham, MD: Lexington Books

Tyrrell, W.B. and Brown, F.S. (1991) Athenian myths and institutions : words in action, New York: OUP

☺☺Versnel, H.S. (1992) ‘The festival for Bona Dea and the Thesmophoria’, Greece and Rome. 39: 31-55

Wilson, P. (2000) The Athenian institution of the khoregia : the chorus, the city, and the stage, Cambridge: CUP

Wilson, P. (ed. 2007) The Greek theatre and festivals : documentary studies, Oxford: OUP

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3. Spartan Religion

Dawkins, R.M. (ed. 1929) The Sanctuary of Artemis Orthia at Sparta : excavated and described by members of the British School at Athens, 1906-1910, London: Macmillan

Ducat, J. Spartan education : youth and society in the classical period (Swansea 2006) — see chs 6 and 8.

Fitzhardinge, L.F. (1980) The Spartans, London: Thames and Hudson

Hooker, J.T. (1980), ‘Cults and cult-places’, in The ancient Spartans London: Dent, 47-70

Malkin, I. (1994) Myth and territory in the Spartan Mediterranean, Cambridge: CUP

*☺Parker, R. (1989) ‘Spartan religion’, in Powell, A. (ed.) Classical Sparta : techniques behind her success, London and New York: Routledge, 142-72

Pettersson, M. (1992) Cults of Apollo at Sparta : the Hyakinthia the Gymnopaidiai and the Karneia, Stockholm: Paul Åström

Richer, N. (1999) ‘Aidos at Sparta’, in Powell, A. and Hodkinson, S. (eds) Sparta : new perspectives Swansea: Classical Press of Wales

Richer, N. (2004) ‘The Hyakinthia of Sparta’, in Figueira, T.J. (ed.) Spartan society, Swansea: Classical Press of Wales, 77-102

Richer, N. (2005) ‘Personified abstractions in Laconia: suggestions on the origins of Phobos’, in E.J. Stafford and J.E. Herrin (eds) Personification in the Greek world : from antiquity to Byzantium, Aldershot: Ashgate, 111-22

Scanlon, T.F. (2002) Eros & Greek athletics, Oxford

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4. Panhellenic Sanctuaries

See various articles in Marinatos, N. and Hägg, R. Greek sanctuaries : new approaches (London: Routledge 1993), especially Morgan, C. ‘The origins of pan-Hellenism’ (pp.18-44) and Marinatos, N. ‘What were Greek sanctuaries? A synthesis’ (pp.228-33).

On Delphi and Olympia, see: M. Scott (2010) Delphi and Olympia : the spatial politics of panhellenism in the archaic and classical periods: , Cambridge: CUP

For images of all the sanctuaries, see especially: Valavanis, P. (2004) Games and sanctuaries in Ancient Greece : Olympia, Delphi, Isthmia, Nemea, Athens, Los Angeles: J.P. Getty Museum

a) Delphi and Apollo – see also Johnston 2008 (above, under (1.b))

Bowden, H. (2004) Classical Athens and the Delphic oracle : divination and democracy, Cambridge: CUP

*☺☺Chappell, M. (2006) ‘Delphi and the Homeric Hymn to Apollo’, The Classical quarterly. 56: 331-48

Curnow, T. (2004) The oracles of the ancient world, London: Duckworth

Fontenrose, J. (1959) Python : a study of Delphic myth and its origins, Berkeley, etc: California UP

*Fontenrose, J. (1978) The Delphic oracle, its responses and operations, with a catalogue of responses, Berkeley, etc: University of California Press

☺☺Maurizio, L. (1995) ‘Anthropology and spirit possession: a reconsideration of the Pythia’s role at Delphi’, The journal of Hellenic studies. 115: 69-86

Morgan, C. (1990) Athletes and oracles : the transformation of Olympia and Delphi in the eighth century BC, Cambridge: CUP

Parke, H.W. and Wormell, D.E.W. (1956) The Delphic oracle, Oxford: Blackwell [Cf. Parke, H.W. (1985) The oracles of Apollo in Asia Minor, London: Croom Helm]

*Parker, R. (1985) ‘Greek states and Greek oracles’, in Cartledge, P.A. and Harvey, F.D. (eds) Crux : essays in Greek history presented to G.E.M. de Ste. Croix on his 75th birthday., Exeter, 298-326; reprinted in Buxton, R. G. A. (ed. 2000) Oxford readings in Greek religion, Oxford, 76-108

*Price, S. (1985) ‘Delphi and divination’, in Easterling, P.E. and Muir, J.V. (eds) Greek religion and society, Cambridge: CUP, 128-154

*Sourvinou-Inwood, C. (1987) ‘Myth as history: the previous owners of the Delphic Oracle’, in Bremmer, J.N. (ed. 1987) Interpretations of Greek mythology, London: Routledge, 215-41

Ustinova, Y. (2009) Caves and the ancient Greek mind : descending underground in the search for ultimate truth: , Oxford: OUP

On recent geological theories:

De Boer, J.Z., Jale, J.R. and Chanton, J. (2001) ‘New evidence of the geological origins of the ancient Delphic oracle (Greece)’, Geology. 29: 707-10

Piccardi, L. (2001) ‘Active faulting at Delphi, Greece: seismotectonic remarks and a hypothesis for the geologic environment of a myth’, Geology. 28: 651-4

b) Olympia, Zeus and the Games

Alfen, P. van (2004) A simple souvenir : coins and medals of the Olympic Games, Oxford: Oxbow

Ashmole, B. (1967) Olympia: the sculptures of the temple of Zeus, Oxford: Phaidon Press

Drees, L. (1968) Olympia: gods, artists and athletes, London: Pall Mall Press

Hard, R. (2004) Olympic games and other Greek athletics, London and New York: Routledge

Hornblower, S. and Morgan, C. (eds 2007) Pindar's poetry, patrons, and festivals : from archaic Greece to the Roman Empire, Oxford: OUP

Miller, S.G. (2004) Ancient Greek athletics, Cambridge, Mass.: Yale UP

*Morgan, C. (1990) Athletes and oracles : the transformation of Olympia and Delphi in the eighth century BC, Cambridge: CUP

Parke, H.W. (1967) The oracles of Zeus : Dodona, Olympia, Ammon, Oxford: Blackwell

Phillips, D. and Pritchard, D. (eds 2003) Sport and festival in the ancient Greek world, London: Duckworth

Raschke, W.J. (ed. 1988) The Archaeology of the Olympics : the Olympics and other festivals in antiquity, Madison, Wis.: University of Wisconsin Press

Scanlon, T.F. (2002) Eros & Greek athletics, Oxford: OUP

Sinn, U. (2000) Olympia. English, Max Weiner

Spivey, N. (2005) The ancient Olympics, Oxford: OUP

c) Dodona

see also Johnston 2008 (above, under 4 (a))

Dakaris S. I. (1971) Archaeological guide to Dodona, Athens

*Parke, H.W. (1967) The oracles of Zeus : Dodona, Olympia, Ammon, Oxford: Blackwell

d) Nemea

Hill, B.H. (1966) The Temple of Zeus at Nemea, Princeton, N.J.: American School of Classical Studies at Athens

Miller, S.G. (ed. 1990) Nemea : a guide to the site and museum, Berkeley, etc: University of California Press

e) Isthmia

Broneer, O.T. (1971-3) Isthmia: excavations by the University of Chicago, Vol.1 Temple of Poseidon and Vol.2 Topography and architecture, Princeton, N.J.: The American School of Classical Studies at Athens

f) Delos

The Brotherton has a full set of archaeological reports from Delos (search under ‘Delos’), in French... Exploration archéologique de Delos

Mikalson, J.D. (1998) Religion in Hellenistic Athens, Berkeley: University of California Press[Has a whole chapter on Athens’ religious relationship with Delos, 208-41.]

Rauh, N.K. (1993) The sacred bonds of commerce : religion, economy, and trade society at Hellenistic Roman Delos, 166-87 B. C., Amsterdam: J.C. Gieben

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5. Mystery Cults

Betegh, G. (2004) The Derveni papyrus : cosmology, theology and interpretation, Cambridge: CUP

Bianchi, U. (1976) The Greek mysteries (Iconography of Religions XVII.3), Leiden: Brill

Bowden, H. (2010) Mystery cults in the ancient world, London: Thames and Hudson

*Burkert, W. (1987) Ancient mystery cults, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press

*Cosmopoulos, M. (2002) Greek mysteries : the archaeology and ritual of ancient Greek secret cults, London and New York: Routledge

Edmonds, R.G. (2004) Myths of the underworld journey : Plato, Aristophanes, and the "Orphic" gold tablets, Cambridge

Godwin, J. (1981) Mystery religions in the ancient world, London

Meyer, M.W. (1999) The Ancient mysteries : a sourcebook : sacred texts of the mystery religions of the ancient Mediterranean world, Pennsylvania UP

a) The Eleusinian Mysteries

Cavanaugh, M.B. (1996) Eleusis and Athens : documents in finance, religion, and politics in the fifth century B.C, Atlanta: Scholars Press

Clinton, K. (1992) Myth and cult : the iconography of the Eleusinian mysteries : the Martin P. Nilsson lectures on Greek religion, delivered 19-21 November 1990 at the Swedish Institute at Athens, Stockholm: Swedish Institute at Athens

Clinton, K. (1993) ‘The sanctuary of Demeter and Kore at Eleusis’, in Marinatos, N. and Hägg, R. (eds) Greek sanctuaries : new approaches, London: Routledge, 110-24

*Foley, H.P. (ed. 1994) The Homeric hymn to Demeter : translation, commentary, and interpretive essays, Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press [?Extracts: commentary, background]

Kerényi, C. (1967) Eleusis : archetypal image of mother and daughter, New York: Bollingen Foundation

*Mylonas, G.E. (1961) Eleusis and the Eleusinian mysteries, Princeton

Nixon, L. (1995) ‘The cults of Demeter and Kore’, in Hawley, R. and Levick, B. (eds.) Women in antiquity : new assessments, London and New York, 75-96

☺/☺☺Parker, R. (1991) ‘The Hymn to Demeter and the Homeric Hymns’, Greece and Rome. 38: 1-17

Sourvinou-Inwood, C. (1997) ‘Reconstructing change: ideology and the Eleusinian Mysteries’, in Golden, M. and Toohey, P. (eds)Inventing ancient culture : historicism, periodization and the ancient world (London and New York 1997), 132-64

Wasson, R.G. (repr. 1978) The road to Eleusis : unveiling the secret of the mysteries, New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich [This comes with a health warning!]

b) Dionysian cult

Bernabé Pajares, A. and Jiménez San Cristobal, A.I. (2008) Instructions for the netherworld : the Orphic gold tablets, Leiden: Brill

Bremmer, J.N. ‘Greek Maenadism reconsidered’, Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik. 55: 267-86

Carpenter, T.H. and Faraone, C.A. (eds 1993) Masks of Dionysus, Ithaca, London: Cornell University Press

Detienne, M. (1979) Dionysos slain, tr. Muellner, M. and L., Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP

Detienne, M. (1989) Dionysos at large, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP

Gould, J. (2001) ‘Dionysus and the Hippy convoy: ritual, myth, and metaphor in the cult of Dionysos’, in Myth, ritual, memory, and exchange : essays in Greek literature and culture, Oxford: OUP, 269-82

Graf, F. and Johnston, S.I. (2007) Ritual texts for the afterlife : Orpheus and the Bacchic gold tablets, London and New York: Routledge

Kerényi, K. (1996) Dionysos : archetypal image of indestructible life, Princeton, N.J.: PUP

Keuls, E. (1984) ‘Male-female interaction in fifth-century Dionysiac ritual as shown in Attic vase-painting’, Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik. 55: 287-97

☺☺Kraemer (1979) ‘Ecstasy and Possession: the attraction of women to the cult of Dionysus’, The Harvard theological review. 72

Lada-Richards, I. (1999) Initiating Dionysus : ritual and theatre in Aristophanes' Frogs, Oxford: OUP

Otto, W.F. (1995) Dionysus : myth and cult, Bloomington: Indiana University Press

☺☺Seaford, R. (1981) ‘Dionysiac drama and the Dionysiac Mysteries’, The Classical quarterly. 31: 252-75

c) The Kabeiroi and Samothrace

We have most of the series of Samothrace volumes published by the excavators. See especially Vol. 1 (1958) The ancient literary sources , Vol. 3 (1965) The Hieron and Vol. 5 (1982) The Temenos.

Burkert, W. ‘Concordia discors: the literary and archaeological evidence on the sanctuary of Samothrace’, in Marinatos, N. and Hägg, R. Greek sanctuaries : new approaches (London 1993), 178-91

Cole, S.G. (1984) Theoi Megaloi : the cult of the great gods at Samothrace (= EPRO 96), Leiden: Brill

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6. The Human Life-Cycle

a) Marriage

Blundell, S. (2004), ‘Scenes from a marriage: viewing the imagery on a lebes gamikos’, in Keay, S.and Moser, S. (eds) Greek art in view : essays in honour of Brian Sparkes, Oxford: Oxbow, 39-53

☺Ferrari, G. (2003) ‘What kind of rite of passage was the ancient Greek wedding?’, in Dodd, D. (ed.) Initiation in ancient Greek rituals and narratives : new critical perspectives, London and New York, Routledge, 27-42

Leduc, C. (1992) ‘Marriage in ancient Greece’, in Schmitt Pantel, P. (ed.) A History of women in the West / Georges Duby and Michelle Perrot, general editors. 1, From ancient goddesses to Christian saints, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP, 235-94

*Oakley, J.H. and Sinos, R.H. (1993) The wedding in ancient Athens, Madison, Wis.: University of Wisconsin Press

Oakley, J.H. (1995) ‘Nuptial nuances: wedding images in non-wedding scenes of myth’, in Reeder, E.D. (ed.) Pandora : women in classical Greece, Baltimore

b) Death

Davies, J. (1999) Death, burial, and rebirth in the religions of antiquity, London: Routledge

☺☺Day, J.W. (1989) ‘Rituals in stone: early Greek grave epigrams and monuments’, The journal of Hellenic studies.. 109: 1-28

☺☺Humphreys, S.C. (1980) ‘Family tombs and tomb cult in ancient Athens’, The journal of Hellenic studies. 100: 96-126

Garland, R. (1985) The Greek way of death, London: Duckworth

Kurtz, D.C. and Boardman, J. (1971) Greek burial customs, London: Thames and Hudson

Morris, I. (1987) Burial and ancient society : the rise of the Greek city-state, CambridgeUP

*Morris, I. (1992) Death-ritual and social structure in classical antiquity, Cambridge UP

☺Morris, I. (1995) ‘Burning the dead in archaic Athens: animals, men and heroes’, in Verbanck-Piérard, A. and Viviers, D. (eds), Culture et cité : l'avènement d'Athènes à l'époque archaïque : actes du colloque international organisé à l'Université libre de Bruxelles du 25 au 27 avril 1991 par l'Institut des Hautes Etudes de Belgique et la Fondation Archéologique de l'U.L.B. (1995), 45-74

Richter, G.M.A. (1988) The archaic gravestones of Attica, Bristol: BCP

*Sourvinou-Inwood, C. (1995) '`Reading' Greek death : to the end of the classical period, Oxford

c) Initiation

Calame, C. (2001) Choruses of young women in ancient Greece : their morphology, religious role, and social function, rev. ed. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books

L. Cleland (2005) The Brauron clothing catalogues : text, analysis, glossary and translation (BAR Series 1428), Oxford

Cole, S.G. (1984) ‘The social function of rituals of maturation: the Koureion and the Arkteia’, Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik. 55: 233-44

Dodd, D. (ed. 2003) Initiation in ancient Greek rituals and narratives : new critical perspectives, London and New York, Routledge [?See especially articles by Faraone on the arkteia, and Ferrari on marriage as initiation.]

*Dowden, K. (1989) Death and the maiden : girls' initiation rites in Greek mythology, London: Routledge

Gershenson, D.E. (1991) Apollo the Wolf-god, McLean: Institute for the Study of Man

Kahil, L. (1983) ‘Mythological repertoire of Brauron’, in Moon, W.G. (ed.) Ancient Greek art and iconography, Madison, Wis.: University of Wisconsin Press, 231-44

King, H. (1993) ‘Bound to bleed: Artemis and Greek women’, in Cameron, A. and Kuhrt, A. (eds.) Images of women in antiquity, London: Routledge,109-27

Neils, J. and Oakley, J.H. (2003) Coming of age in ancient Greece : images of childhood from the classical past (New Haven)

*Padilla, M.W. (ed. 1999) Rites of passage in ancient Greece : literature, religion, society, Lewisburg, Pa.: Bucknell University Press [see e.g. Ham, G.L. ‘The choes and Anthesteria reconsidered: male maturation rites and the Peloponnesian Wars’]

Roussel, P. ‘Recherches sur l’ephebie attique et en particulier sur la date de l’institution’, Revue des études grecques. (Paris 1920)

Scanlon, T.F. (2002) Eros & Greek athletics, Oxford: OUP

Sourvinou-Inwood, C. (1988) Studies in girls' transitions : aspects of the arkteia and age representation in Attic iconography, Athens: Kardamitsa

d) Sacred Prostitution

[This isn’t covered in the lectures, but you might be interested!]

☺☺Beard, M. and Henderson, J. ‘With this body I thee worship: sacred prostitution in antiquity’, Gender & history. 9.3 (1997) 480-503

Kurke, L. ‘Pindar and the prostitutes’, Arion. 42 (1996) 49-75

MachLachlan, B. ‘Sacred prostitution and Aphrodite’, Studies in religion = Sciences religieuses. 21 (1992) 145-62

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7. Hero Cults

Albersmeier, S. (ed.) Heroes : mortals and myths in ancient Greece, Yale UP

Antonaccio, C.M. (1995) An archaeology of ancestors : tomb cult and hero cult in early Greece, Lanham, MD: Lexington Books

Boedeker, D. (1998) ‘The new Simonides and heroization at Plataia’, in Fisher, N. and van Wees, H. (eds) Archaic Greece : new approaches and new evidence, London: Duckworth, 231-49

Bowden, H. (1993) ‘Hoplites and Homer: warfare, hero cult, and the ideology of the polis’, in Rich, J. and Shipley, G. (eds.) War and society in the Greek world, London and NY

Clay, D. (2004) Archilochos heros : the hero cult of poets in the Greek polis, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP

Currie, B. (2005) Pindar and the cult of heroes, Oxford: OUP

☺Ekroth, G. (2000) ‘Offerings of blood in Greek hero-cults’, in Pirenne-Delforge, V. and Suárez de la Torre, E. (eds), Héros et héroïnes dans les mythes et les cultes grecs : actes du colloque organisé à l'Université de Valladolid du 26 au 29 mai 1999 (Kernos Suppl. 10), Liége, 263-80

*Ekroth, G. (2002) The sacrificial rituals of Greek hero-cults in the Archaic to the early Hellenistic periods, Athens and Liège

*Hägg, R. (ed. 1999) Ancient Greek hero cult : proceedings of the Fifth International Seminar on Ancient Greek Cult, organized by the Department of Classical Archaeology and Ancient History, Göteborg University, 21-23 April 1995, Stockholm

☺☺Humphreys, S.C. (1980) ‘Family tombs and tomb cult in Ancient Athens’ The journal of Hellenic studies. 100: 96-126

Johnston, S.I. (1999) Restless dead : encounters between the living and the dead in ancient Greece, Berkeley, etc: University of California Press

☺☺Hadzisteliou-Price, T. ‘Hero cult and Homer’, Historia. 22 (1973) pp.?

Kearns, E. ‘The nature of heroines’, in The sacred and the feminine in ancient Greece, 96-110

Kearns, E. (1989) The heroes of Attica (Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies Supplement 57), London: ICS

Kearns, E. (1998) ‘The nature of heroines’, in Blundell, S. and Williamson, M. (eds) The sacred and the feminine in ancient Greece, London and New York: Routledge, 96-110

*Lyons, D.J. (1997) Gender and immortality : heroines in ancient Greek myth and cult, Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP

Mills, S. (1997) Theseus, tragedy, and the Athenian Empire, Oxford: OUP

Nock, A.D. ‘The cult of heroes’, in Stewart, Z. (ed.) Essays on religion and the ancient world vol. 1 (Oxford 1972)

Pache, C.O. (2004) Baby and child heroes in ancient Greece, Chicago: Illinois UP

Shapiro, H.A. (1995) ‘The cult of heroines: Kekrops’ daughters’, in Reeder, E.D. (ed.) Pandora : women in classical Greece, Princeton, NJ: Princteon UP, 39-48

Snodgrass, A. (1988) ‘The archaeology of the hero’, in Annali dell’Instituto Universitario Orientale di Napoli, Sezione di Archeologia e Storia Antica 10: 19-26; reprinted in Buxton, R. G. A. (ed. 2000) Oxford readings in Greek religion, Oxford, 180-190

Spencer, N. (ed. 1995) Time, tradition, and society in Greek archaeology : bridging the 'great divide', London: Routledge [articles on tomb/hero cult]

☺☺Visser, M. ‘Worship your enemy: aspects of the cult of heroes in ancient Greece’, The Harvard theological review. 75 (1982) 403-28

Walker, H.J. (1995) Theseus and Athens, New York: Oxford University Press

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8. Asklepios and Healing Cults

Aleshire, S.B. (1989) The Athenian Asklepieion : the people, their dedications, and the inventories, Amsterdam: Gieben

Aleshire, S.B. (1991) Asklepios at Athens : epigraphic and prosopographic essays on the Athenian healing cults, Amsterdam: Gieben

Burford, A. (1969) The Greek temple builders at Epidauros : a social and economic study of building in the Asklepian sanctuary, during the fourth and early third centuries B.C, Liverpool: LUP

☺☺Connelly, A. (1998) ‘Was Sophocles heroised as Dexion?’, The journal of Hellenic studies. 118: 1-20

*Edelstein, E.J. and L. (1975 [1945]) Asclepius : a collection and interpretation of the testimonies., Baltimore, repr. New York

Garland, R. (1992) Introducing new gods : the politics of Athenian religion, London: Duckworth

Hartigan, K.V. (2009) Performance and cure : drama and healing in ancient Greece and contemporary America, London: Duckworth

Kerényi, C. (1959) Asklepios : archetypal image of the physician's existence, New York

King, H. (1998) ‘Asklepios and women’s healing’, in Hippocrates' woman : reading the female body in ancient Greece , London and New York: Routledge, 99-113

Mitchell-Boyask, R. (2008) Plague and the Athenian imagination : drama, history, and the cult of Asclepius, Cambridge: CUP

☺Stafford, E.J. (2000) ‘Hygieia: “not a goddess but a gift of god”?’, in Worshipping virtues : personification and the divine in ancient Greece, London: Duckworth/University of Wales Press, 147-71

☺Stafford, E.J. (2008) ‘Cocks to Asklepios: sacrificial practice and healing cult’, in P. Brulé, V. Mehl (éd.), Le sacrifice antique : Vestiges, procédures et stratégies, Rennes : Presses Universitaires de Rennes, 205-21

Tomlinson, R.A. (1983) Epidauros, London: Granada, 1983

Wickkiser, B.L. (2008) Asklepios, medicine, and the politics of healing in fifth-century Greece : between craft and cult: , Blatimore, ND: Johns Hopkins University Press

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9. ‘New’ Cults

*Borgeaud, P. (1988) The cult of Pan in Ancient Greece., Chicago: University of Chicago Press

Detienne, M. ([1972] 1977) The gardens of Adonis : spices in Greek mythology, Hassocks: Harvester Press

*Garland, R. (1992) Introducing new gods : the politics of Athenian religion, London: Duckworth

Parker, R. (1996) ‘The fifth century: new gods’ and ‘The fourth century’ in R. Parker, Athenian religion : a history, Oxford: Clarendon, 152-98 and 218-255

Shapiro, H.A. (1993) Personifications in Greek art : the representation of abstract concepts, 600-400 B.C.., Zurich

☺Stafford, E.J. (2000) Worshipping virtues : personification and the divine in ancient Greece, London: Duckworth/University of Wales Press

☺Stafford, E.J. (2006) ‘Personification in Greek religious thought and practice’, in Ogden, D. (ed.) A companion to Greek religion, Oxford: Blackwell, 71-85 [This is a short version of the book!]

Stafford, E.J. and Herrin, E. (2005) Personification in the Greek world : from antiquity to Byzantium, Aldershot: Ashgate – see especially articles by Burkert, Lazongas, Richer, Allan and Kovaleva.

This list was last updated on 08/08/2011