Leeds University Library

SLSP3995
Module Reading List

Ethnicity and Popular Culture, 2017/18, Semester 1
Dr. Yasmin Hussain
Y.Hussain@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

GENERAL CORE TEXTS

Ali, N, Kalra, V.S; Sayyid, S.; (2006); A postcolonial people : South Asians in Britain, Hurst, London.

Back, L. (1996), New Ethnicities and Urban Culture; Racisms and Mullticulture in Young Lives, UCL, London.

Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies, The empire strikes back : race and racism in 70s Britain, Routledge, London.

Gilroy, P. (1987), There Ain’t No Black in the Union Jack, Hutchinson, London

Gilroy, P. 1993), Small acts : thoughts on the politics of black cultures, Serpants Tail, London. (Most of this book is relevant).

Hall, S (1992) ‘New Ethnicities’, in J Donald and A Rattansi (eds) "Race", culture and difference, London: Sage. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Hall, S. (1990) Cultural identity and diaspora, on Counter Collection.

Hall, S. (1990), Cultural Identity and Diaspora, in J. Rutherford (ed.), Identity : community, culture, difference, p.222-237, Lawrence and Wishart, London. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Hall, S. (1993), Cultural Identity and Diaspora, in Colonial discourse and post-colonial theory : a reader; edited by P. Williams and L. Chrisman, pp.392-403.

Hiro, D. (1991), Black British white British : a history of race relations in Britain, Grafton, London.

Kalra, V S et al (2005) Diaspora and hybridity London: Sage.

Mirza, H. S. (ed.), (1997), Black British feminism : a reader, Routledge, London.

Papastergiadis, N. (1997), “Tracing Hybridity in Theory” in Werbner, P; Madood, T, Debating Cultural Hybridity; Multi-Cultural Identities and the Politics of Anti-Racism, Zed Books, London.

Ratcliffe, P. (2004), ‘Race, ethnicity and difference : imagining the inclusive society, Open University, London.

Weedon, C. (2004), Identity and culture, Open University, London, chapter 1, chapter 4.

Young, R.J.C. (1995), Colonial desire : hybridity in theory, culture, and race, Routledge, London.

 

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TOPIC: IDEOLOGY AND RACE - BUILDING ON PRIOR KNOWLEDGE

 

READING

 

Benshoff & Griffin (2009), America on film : representing race, class, gender, and sexuality at the movies,

Hall, S et all; Culture, media, language, London, Unwin Hyman,1980.

Hebdige, D. Subculture, the meaning of style, London, Methuen, 1979.

Strinati, D (1995), An Introduction to Theories of Popular Culture, Routledge, London. chap. 4.

Weedon, C. (2004) Identity and culture; Narratives of Difference and Belonging; introduction, chap 1

RECOMMENDED VIEWING

Raiders of the lost ark [videorecording]

White chicks [videorecording].

 

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TOPIC: THE IMPACT OF IMMIGRATION

 

RECOMMENDED READING

Philips, M & Philips, T.(1998) Windrush : the irresistible rise of multi-racial Britain, Harper Collins, London. (this compliments the Windrush programme)

Procter, J. (2000), Writing black Britain, 1948-1998 : an interdisciplinary anthology, Manchester University Press, Manchester, (This provides a chronology of the development of creativity within Britain and includes useful essays – some of which I have photocopied and placed at back of handbook).

Stein, M. (2004), Black British literature : novels of transformation; Ohio State University, Columbus.

Weedon, C. (2004), Identity and culture; Narratives of Difference and Belonging; Open University, London, chapter 1, chapter 4.

The British Film Institute Screenonline Website is good http://www.screenonline.org.uk/

– it contains an archive of all ethnic minority film produced in Britain with brief synopsis of the film.

RECOMMENDED VIEWING

Pressure [videorecording]. Dir: Horace ove

Anita and me [videorecording].: written by Meera Syal

My beautiful laundrette – Stephen Frears

Babylon [videorecording].

 

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TOPIC: NEW IDENTITIES

 

RECOMMENDED READING

Hall, S. (1992) ‘New Ethnicities’, in J Donald and A Rattansi (eds) "Race", culture and difference, London: Sage.

Gilroy, P. 1993), Small acts : thoughts on the politics of black cultures, Serpants Tail, London. (Most of this book is relevant).

Hall, S. (1990), Cultural Identity and Diaspora, in J. Rutherford (ed.), Identity : community, culture, difference, p.222-237, Lawrence and Wishart, London.

Hall, S. (1993), Cultural Identity and Diaspora, in Colonial discourse and post-colonial theory : a reader; edited by P. Williams and L. Chrisman, pp.392-403.

Hussain, Y. (2005), Writing diaspora : South Asian women, culture and ethnicity, Ashgate, London. (Chapter 5).

Kalra, V S et al (2005) Diaspora and hybridity London: Sage.

Ratcliffe, P (2004) Race, ethnicity and difference : imagining the inclusive society, London: Open University Press, chapter 3.

Procter, J. (2000), Writing black Britain, 1948-1998 : an interdisciplinary anthology, Manchester University Press, Manchester,

Weedon, C.(2004) Identity and culture; Narratives of Differences and Belonging; Open University, London, chapters 6 & 7.

RECOMMENDED VIEWING

Bhaji on the Beach – Dir: Gurinder Chadha (1992)

Anita and me [videorecording]. – Dir: Metin Huseyin (2003)

 

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TOPIC: POLITICAL RESISTANCE

 

Recommended Reading

Agard, Sandra, 1987, ‘A House’ in Cobham, R And Collins, M, (Eds.), Watchers and seekers : creative writing by black women in Britain, London, Women’s Press, p.89 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva .

Ahmad, R, 1988 Right of way : prose and poetry, Women’s Press, London, 1988.

Chatterjee, D, 1989, I was that woman, Hippopotamus Press, Frome.

Choong, D, Cole, W, Olievette, Evaristo, Bernardine, Pearse, Gabriela, 1987, Black women talk poetry., Black Women Talk Ltd, London, p.7.

Christian Barbara, (1985) Black Feminist Criticism: perspectives on Black Women’s Writers, Pergamon Press, New York.

Emecheta, B, Second-class citizen., Flamingo, London, 1988.

Hussain, Y. Writing diaspora : South Asian women, culture and ethnicity, Ashgate, London, Chapter 3 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Mirza, H. S. (ed.), (1997), Black British feminism : a reader, Routledge, London.

Ngcobo, L. (ed.), (1988), Let it be told : essays by black women in Britain, Virago, London.

Smith, B. (1985), “Toward A Black Feminist Criticism”; in Showalter, E. (ed.), The New feminist criticism : essays on women, literature, and theory, New York, Pantheon, p.170. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Trivedi P, ‘Black Women Organising Autonomously’, Feminist review.., 1984, No.17.

RECOMMENDED VIEWING

The Color Purple Dir – Stephen Spielberg

The help [videorecording].Dir – Tate Taylor

 

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TOPIC: SCIENCE FICTION & TV

 

Recommended reading

Bernardi, D.L.(1998), Star trek and history [electronic resource] : race-ing toward a white future,

Helford, E.R. (2000), Fantasy girls : gender in the new universe of science fiction and fantasy television, chapter 9.

LeiLani Nishime (2011): Aliens: Narrating U.S. Global Identity Through Transnational Adoption and Interracial Marriage in Battlestar Galactica ,Critical studies in media communication, 28:5, 450-465

Pegues, J. H (2008), Miss Cylon: Empire and Adoption in "Battlestar Galactica" , MELUS.. , Vol. 33, No. 4, Alien/Asian (Winter, 2008), pp. 189-209

RECOMMENDED VIEWING

Star Trek – Voyager https://learningonscreen.ac.uk/ondemand/search.php?q=star+trek+voyager&date_start=1990-01-01-00-00&date_end=2017-03-14-00-00&date_type=0&sort=date_asc&page=2

Deep Space Nine, https://learningonscreen.ac.uk/ondemand/search.php?q=deep+space+nine&date_start=1990-01-01-00-00&date_end=2017-03-14-00-00&date_type=0&sort=relevance

The Next Generation, https://learningonscreen.ac.uk/ondemand/search.php?q=star+trek+the+next+generation&date_start=1990-01-01-00-00&date_end=2017-03-14-00-00&date_type=0&sort=relevance

The Original Star Trek. https://learningonscreen.ac.uk/ondemand/index.php/prog/0003A39B?bcast=26773874

Battlestar Galactica – Original and New Series

Dr Who

Stargate TV Series https://learningonscreen.ac.uk/ondemand/search.php/prog?q%5B0%5D%5Bv%5D=stargate&is_available=&q%5B0%5D%5Bindex%5D=&source=&date_type=0&date=1990-01-01-00-00&date_start%5B1%5D=01&date_start%5B2%5D=01&date_start%5B0%5D=1990&date_start%5B3%5D=00&date_start%5B4%5D=00&date_end%5B1%5D=03&date_end%5B2%5D=14&date_end%5B0%5D=2017&date_end%5B3%5D=00&date_end%5B4%5D=00

 

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TOPIC: MEDIA & TV

 

RECOMMENDED READING

White racism and The Cosby Show by Mike Budd and Clay Steinman from Jump cut., no. 37, July 1992, pp. 5-12 copyright Jump Cut: A Review of Contemporary Media, 1992, 2006

Ferguson, Robert (1998), Representing "race" : ideology, identity, and the media, Arnold, London, New York, Sydney and Auckland.

Freeth, Tony (1985), 'Racism on Television: bringing the colonies back home' in Cohen, Phil and Gardner, Carl, It ain't half racist, mum : fighting racism in the media, Comedia Publishing Group, London. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Hall, Stuart (1995), 'The Whites of Their Eyes - Racist Ideologies and the Media' in Dines, Gail and Humez, Jean M., Gender, race and class in media : a text-reader, Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, London and New Dehli.

Malik, S. (200?) Representing Black Britain

Mercer, Kobena (1989), Introduction, in Daniels, Therese and Gerson, Jane, The colour black : black images in British television - Black Images in British Television, BFI Publishing, London. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Ross, Karen (1996), Black and white media : black images in popular film and television, Polity Press, Cambridge.

 

RECOMMENDED VIEWING

The Cosby show [videorecording].

Desmond's [videorecording].

Citizen Khan https://learningonscreen.ac.uk/ondemand/search.php?q=citizen+khan&date_start=1990-01-01-00-00&date_end=2017-03-14-00-00&date_type=0&sort=relevance

 

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TOPIC: MEDIA & NEWSREPORTING

RECOMMENDED READING

 

Baker, P. (2010) Representations of Islam in British broadsheet and tabloid newspapers 1999-2005. Journal of language and politics., 9 (2),310-338.

Dijk, T. A. V. (1991) Racism and the press. London: Routledge.

Hall, S., Critcher, C., Jefferson, T., Clarke, J. and Roberts, B. (1978) Policing the crisis, mugging the state and law and order. New York: Holmes and Meier Publisher.

Husband, C. (1975) White media and black Britain : a critical look at the role of the media in race relations today. Essex: The Anchor Press LTD.

Murray, N., and Searle, C. (1989) Racism and the press in Thatcher's Britain.., Your daily dose: racism and the Sun. Nottingham: Russell press.

Richardson, J. E. (2004) (Mis)representing Islam : the racism and rhetoric of British broadsheet newspapers, Amsterdam: John Benjamin Publishings.

Poole, E. (2009) Reporting Islam: media representations of British Muslims. London: IB Taurus & Co Ltd.

Moore, K et al (2008), Images of Islam in the UK.http://www.channel4.com/news/media/pdfs/Cardiff%20Final%20Report.pdf

Nichels, H.C et al (2010) A Comparative Study of the Representations of suspect communities http://metranet.londonmet.ac.uk/fms/MRSite/Research/iset/WP13%20H%20Nickels%203.pdf

 

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TOPIC: BLACK BRITISH MUSIC

 

RECOMMENDED READING

 

Baker, P. (2010) Representations of Islam in British broadsheet and tabloid newspapers 1999-2005. Journal of language and politics., 9 (2),310-338.

Dijk, T. A. V. (1991) Racism and the press. London: Routledge.

Hall, S., Critcher, C., Jefferson, T., Clarke, J. and Roberts, B. (1978) Policing the crisis, mugging the state and law and order. New York: Holmes and Meier Publisher.

Husband, C. (1975) White media and black Britain : a critical look at the role of the media in race relations today. Essex: The Anchor Press LTD.

Murray, N., and Searle, C. (1989) Racism and the press in Thatcher's Britain., Your daily dose: racism and the Sun. Nottingham: Russell press.

Richardson, J. E. (2004) (Mis)representing Islam : the racism and rhetoric of British broadsheet newspapers. Amsterdam: John Benjamin Publishings.

Poole, E. (2009) Reporting Islam: media representations of British Muslims. London: IB Taurus & Co Ltd.

Moore, K et al (2008), Images of Islam in the UK. http://www.channel4.com/news/media/pdfs/Cardiff%20Final%20Report.pdf

Nichels, H.C et al (2010) A Comparative Study of the Representations of suspect communities http://metranet.londonmet.ac.uk/fms/MRSite/Research/iset/WP13%20H%20Nickels%203.pdf

 

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TOPIC: BRITISH SOUTH ASIAN MUSIC

 

Recommended Reading

Bennet, A. (2000), Popular music and youth culture : music, identity, and place: Music, Identity and Place, Macmillan, London.

Kalra, V S (2000) ‘Vilayeti Rhythms: Beyond Bhangra’s Emblematic Status to a Translation of Lyrical Texts’ Theory, culture & society., 17, 3 : 80-102.

Sharma, S; Hutnyk, J; Sharma, A (1996); Dis-orienting rhythms : the politics of the new Asian dance music, Zed Books; London.

Stokes, M (1994); Ethnicity, identity, and music : the musical construction of place, Berg, Oxford

 

 

RECOMMENDED LISTENING

Music from

 

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TOPIC: BADDIES IN FILM - COMMUNISM, VIETNAM & 9/11

Recommended reading

Anderagg, M. 1991. Inventing Vietnam : the war in film and television.

Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Birkenstein, J. Randell, K & Froula, A. (2010), Reframing 9/11 : film, popular culture and the "war on terror"

Chong, S.S.H. 2012. The The Oriental obscene : violence and racial fantasies in the Vietnam era. London: Duke University Press.

Corrigan, T. 1992. A cinema without walls : movies and culture after Vietnam. London: Routledge.

Dixon, W. 2004 Film and television after 9/11

Holloway, D. and J. Beck. 2005. American visual cultures: negotiating the Cold War in film. New York: Continuum International Publishing Group.

Kozlovic, A. K. 2009 “Islam Muslims and Arabs in popular Hollywood Cinema” in Comparative Islamic studies.., vol 3, no.2, p.213-246

Shaheen, J. (2001) Reel bad Arabs : how Hollywood vilifies a people

Maland, C. 1964. Dr. Strangelove: nightmare comedy and the ideology of liberal consensus. American Quarterly... 31 (5), pp. 697-717.

Morey, P. and A. Yaqin. 2011. Framing Muslims : stereotyping and representation since 9/11. Harvard: Harvard University Press.

Sayre, N. 1980. Running time : films of the Cold War.  New York: Dial Press.

Shaw, T. 2007. Hollywood's Cold War. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

RECOMMENDED VIEWING

My son John [videorecording]. (1952),

The thing [videorecording]., (1951),

Dr Strangelove [videorecording]. (1964).

Apocalypse now,

Platoon,

The siege [videorecording].,

World Trade Centre [videorecording].,

United 93 [videorecording]


SOME USEFUL BOOKS - FICTION

SOUTH ASIAN

Chatterjee, D. (1989), I was that woman, Hippopotamus Press, Frome.

Dhingra, L. (1988), Amritvela, Women’s Press, London.

Kureishi, H, (1986), My beautiful laundrette and The rainbow sign, Faber &Faber, London.

Kureishi, H. (1990), The buddha of suburbia, Faber and Faber, London.

Randhawa, R. (1987), A Wicked Old Woman, Women’s Press, London.

Syal, M. (1996), Anita and me, Flamingo, London.

AFRICAN/CARIBBEAN

Emecheta, B. (1986), Head Above Water, Flamingo Fontana, London.

Emecheta, B. (1988), Second-class citizen., Flamingo, London.

Riley, J. (1985), The unbelonging, Women’s Press, London.

Riley, J. (1988), Romance, Women’s Press, London.

Sulter, M. (1985), As a blackwoman : poems 1982-1985, Akira Press, London.

Sulter, M. (1990), Passion : discourses on blackwomen's creativity, Urban Fox Press.

IRISH

Friel, B. (1983), The diviner : the best stories of Brian Friel (with an introduction from Seamus Deane; O’Brien Press, Dublin.

Moore, B. (1968), I am Mary Dunne , Cape, London.

O’Connor, (1932), The Saint and Mary Kate, Macmillan, London.

O’Kelly, S.(1984), The weaver's grave : Seumas O'Kelly's masterpiece and a selection of his short stories: Allen Figgis, Dublin.

Reid, F. (1931), Uncle Stephen, Faber, London.

J. (1972), The charwoman's daughter (introduction by Augustine Martin), Gill & Macm+illan, Dublin.

Stuart, F. (1974), The Pillar of Cloud, M.Brian & O’Keefe, London.

West, A.C.(1983), The ferret fancier : a novel, O’Brien, Dublin.

ANTHOLOGIES – AFRICAN/CARIBBEAN & SOUTH ASIAN

Ahmad, R. (1988), Right of way : prose and poetry, Women’s Press, London.

Ahmad, R. (1994), Flaming spirit : stories from the Asian Women Writer's Collective Virago, London.

Choong, D., Cole, W., Olievette, B. and Pearse, G. (1987), Black women talk poetry., Black Women Talk Ltd, London.

Cobham, R. and Collins, M. (eds.), (1987), Watchers and Seekers, Creative Writing by Black Women in Britain, Women’s Press, London.

Grewal, S. Kay, J. Lewis, G. Lander, L and Parmar, P. (1988), Charting the journey : writings by black and third world women, Writings by Black and Third World Women, Sheba, London.

Ngcobo, L. (ed.), (1988), Let it be told : essays by black women in Britain, Virago, London.


SOME USEFUL FILMS

Pressure [videorecording]. (1975), British Film Institute, Director Horace Ové

A dramatisation of the tensions that exist between first and second generation West Indian immigrants in the Notting Hill area of London. Set in Ladbroke Grove, West London, an area with a large Caribbean population since the 1950s, Pressure (d. Horace Ove,1975) explores the assimilation (or otherwise) of Caribbean people into British society. The film focuses on one black teenager, and his attempt to find his way in a white-dominated society. As Anthony's initially high hopes are repeatedly dashed - he cannot find work anywhere; potential employers treat him with suspicion because of his colour - his sense of alienation grows. While his family come from Trinidad, Anthony was born in Britain and is British. When a Black awareness meeting is violently raided by the police, and Anthony sees these 'organised forces of repression' at work, his political awakening begins.

Pressure is a product of its time, but the issues and themes it explores remain relevant to the black experience in Britain today, including the cycle of educational deprivation, poverty, unemployment and antisocial behaviour. The depiction of police harassment and the controversial 'sus' (suspicion) laws is echoed by the similar, and equally controversial, 'Stop and Search' policy of today. The film also explores media under-reporting and misrepresenting of black issues and protests. The film is shot in a gritty realist style, with an often documentary feel. It convincingly captures the spirit of the 1970s, a pivotal period for race relations in Britain and the politicisation of a generation. The performances - from a cast including many non-professional actors - are also excellent.

What is surprising is how forthright and critical the film is of the British system, in what were very sensitive times. The police are presented as corrupt and overtly racist, indeed a casual racism seems to permeate all aspects of society. It is also critical of the black response, and isn't afraid to show friction within the Black community between those who are disillusioned, with little hope and content to exist on the dole and those who are politically active and fight for change, and between the older generation, content to know its place, not wanting to 'stir up trouble', and a younger generation willing to fight for its rights. Pressure remains a key Black British film, which helps to demonstrate how modern multi-cultural Britain was shaped.


Babylon [videorecording]. (1980), British Film Institute, Director Franco Rosso

A young Rastafarian toaster (rapper) with Reggae Sound System Ital Lion, hopes to rise above the trials of his daily life and succeed at a Sound System competition. Margaret Thatcher is newly installed in 10 Downing Street, causing fits of gloom in the theatre, film and television world. Punk rock is making a noisy exit from the music scene, to be succeeded by the easier-on-the-ear mod and ska revival. Then along comes Babylon (1980 d. Franco Rosso). Notwithstanding the X certificate, and the questionable use of subtitles, Babylon was an instant classic, akin to that other legendary reggae music film, The Harder They Come (Jamaica, d. Perry Henzell, 1972).

Babylon is a potent mix of music and social commentary, flawlessly photographed by the celebrated Chris Menges (Local Hero, 1983; The Killing Fields, 1984; The Mission, 1986) and with an extraordinary 'starry' cast headed by actor-musician Brinsley Forde (Brinsley Dan) as 'Blue', the alienated young man at the heart of the story. British born of Guyanese parents, Forde was a successful child actor (The Magnificent Six and ½, ITV, 1968-71 and The Double Deckers, BBC, 1970-71), later joining British reggae group Aswad.

Screenwriter Martin Stellman (Quadrophenia, d. Franc Roddam, 1979) and director Franco Rosso (Dread, Beat An'Blood, tx. BBC, 7/6/79) have crafted a superb, truthful film that stands up more than twenty years later. Set predominantly in South London, it presents a portrait of the young black community in London different from the tabloid stereotype. These black people are not muggers, rapists or chronic thieves. They are ordinary young black guys at the sharp end of inner city survival with dreams and fears of ordinary young people in general. Except of course that just like the subletted garage where they house their equipment and play their tunes, their lives are hemmed in by the predictability of poverty, disillusion and the randomness of violence that can erupt at any time.

The final scene, in which police raid the dancehall while Blue and the sound system defiantly plays on, is both frightening and euphoric.


Burning an illusion [videorecording] (1981), British Film Institute, Director Menelik Shabazz

A young British-born black woman begins to question her attitude to love and life and desire for middle-class respectability and security through marriage.

Menelik Shabazz's first feature consists of a simple tale of a young girl's relationship, it foregrounds the experience of a young black British woman, breaking with the tradition of placing white males at the center of a story. Even today, that is highly unusual. Secondly, it focuses on her life as a young woman, not as a symbol of black experience. Pat, an ordinary working-class London girl, has a caring family, a job she enjoys and her own flat. Like all drama, the film is about characters facing conflicts. But unlike most dramas about black people up till then, for most of the story it dramatises personal conflicts, not socio-economic or political ones. Pat's goal is to settle down. The most radical thing about Burning An Illusion is that it's about black people who aren't radical. It's about a male-female relationship.

Shabazz neatly avoids trapping his main characters inside the bubbles ('victim'/'noble savage') that suffocate most black figures in movies. This is the third reason for the film's longevity: designed as fallible people, his characters can breathe and grow. For the first forty minutes we're in a love story. We see the courtship between Pat and her suitor, Del, culminating when he moves in. Then Pat's 'mister right' turns wrong. The second half of the film dramatises how social forces and character traits work to derail Pat's goal, the breakdown of their relationship and how she and Del react to the pressures they face. When they become politicised by the end of the film they've changed because of the experiences the plot has taken them through. We're shown how and why they change.



 

 

This list was last updated on 28/02/2017