Leeds University Library

Module Reading List

Approaches to Race, 2017/18, Semester 1
Dr Jonathan Saha
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Week 1: Introduction to Race (Jonathan Saha)

Questions to Consider:

How is race “like a language”?

How is it experienced?

Does everyone have a race?

Required Readings:

Stuart Hall, “Race, the Floating Signifier”, https://vimeo.com/87470149 (full version available on YouTube).

Frantz Fanon, “The Fact of Blackness”, trans., Charles Lam Markmann, in Theories of Race and Racism (New York and London, 1999), pp. 257-265.
   Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Sara Ahmed, “A Phenomenology of Whiteness”, Feminist theory. ISSN: 1464-7001 vol. 8, no. 2 (2007), pp. 149-168.

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Week 2: Introduction to Resistance (Jonathan Saha)

Questions to Consider:

What is everyday resistance?

How can historians identify it and analyse it?

How might the concept of everyday resistance be re-worked by considerations of gender?

Required Readings:

James C. Scott, "Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance", Journal of peasant studies. ISSN: 0306-6150, vol. 13, no. 2 (1986), pp. 5-35.   

Gillian Hart, "Engendering Everyday Resistance: Gender, Patronage and Production Politics in rural Malaysia", Journal of peasant studies., vol. 19, no. 1 (1991), pp. 93-121.

Benedict Kerkvliet, "Everyday Politics in Peasant Societies (and Ours)", Journal of peasant studies., vol. 36, no. 1 (2009), pp. 227-243.

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Week 3: Race and Education (Jonathan Saha)

Questions to Consider:

What do these sources tell us about the tensions between education and race?

What place should “experience” be given in the classroom?

How has race informed your own educational experiences?


Kwame Nkrumah, The Autobiography of Kwame Nkrumah (London, 1957), “2: Achimota and Teaching”, 12-23.
 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

South African Students’ Organization, Black Students’ Manifesto (1975) https://www.google.com/culturalinstitute/beta/asset/-/2AHpRhBpIQ9JjQ?childAssetId=wAEk8NX4Iog5-w

Required Readings:

Robin DiAngelo and Özlem Sensoy, “Getting Slammed: White Depictions of Race Discussions as Arenas of Violence”, Race, ethnicity and education. ISSN: 1361-3324, vol. 17, no. 1 (2014), pp. 103-128.  

bell hooks, Teaching to transgress : education as the practice of freedom ISBN: 0415908086 (pbk); 0415908078 (1994), “6: Essentialism and Experience”, 77-92.

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Week 4: Race and Miscegenation (Jesús F. Cháirez-Garza)

Questions to Consider:

How did Mexican intellectuals engage with ideas of race coming from Europe and the USA?

Did the notions of miscegenation and ‘mestizaje’ pose a challenge to racial and social hierarchies? If so, in what way?

How can the idea of mestizaje transform notions such as race, identity and culture?

Is mestizaje a concept of exclusion or inclusion?


Vasconcelos, J. The cosmic race : a bilingual edition ISBN: 0801856558 (pbk. : acid-free paper)/La Raza Cósmica (Baltimore and London: 1979).

Required Readings:

Amado, María. 2012. The “New Mestiza,” the Old Mestizos: contrasting Discourses on Mestizaje, Sociological inquiry. ISSN: 0038-0245 82 (3), August: 446–459.   

Gall, Olivia. (2013) Mexican long-living mestizophilia versus a democracy open to diversity. Latin American and Caribbean ethnic studies ISSN: 1744-2222 8(3): 280–303.   

Knight, Alan. Racism, Revolution and Indigenismo in Mexico, 1910-1940. In The Idea of Race in Latin America 1870-1940, ed. R. Graham (Austin, 1990) pp. 71-113.   

Moreno-Figueroa, Monica and Saldivar Emiko. ‘We are not Racists, We are Mexicans’: Privilege, Nationalism and Post-Race Ideology in Mexico, Critical sociology. ISSN: 0896-9205 42 (4-5), 2016  

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Week 5: Race and Maternalism (Gina Denton)

Questions to Consider:

How does Higginbotham’s theory of race as a ‘metalanguage’ help us understand the relationship between race and gender?

To what extent is motherhood a universal experience or ideology?

According to Collins, what is the relationship between ‘motherwork’ and resistance?

How does race shape maternal politics – how does it impact on how women understand motherhood; how those in power perceive their activism; or the relationship between maternalism and feminism?

Required Readings:

Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham, ‘African-American Women’s History and the Metalanguage of Race,’ Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 17.2 (1992), 251-274

Patricia Hill Collins, Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment, 2nd edn. (New York: Routledge, 2000), Ch. 8 ‘Black Women andMotherhood’ and Ch. 9 ‘Rethinking Black Women’s Activism’   

Annelise Orleck, ‘Tradition Unbound: Radical Mothers in International Perspective,’ in The politics of motherhood : activist voices from left to right ISBN: 9780874517804 (pbk); 0874517796; 087451780X (pbk), ed. Alexis Jetter, Annelise Orleck, and Diana Taylor (Hanover, N.H.: University of New England, 1997), pp. 3-20 (copies to be made available) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  

Eileen Boris, ‘The Power of Motherhood: Black and White Activist Women Redefine the ‘Political,’’ Yale Journal of Law and Feminism ISSN: 1043-9366, 2 (1989), 25-49  


M. Rivka Polatnick, ‘Diversity in Women’s Liberation Ideology: How a Black and a White Group of the 1960s Viewed Motherhood,’ Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, 21.3, (1996), 679-706 


Cynthia Edmonds-Cady, ‘Mobilizing Motherhood: Race, Class, and the Uses of Maternalism in the Welfare Rights Movement,’ WSQ : Women's Studies Quarterly ISSN: 0732-1562, 37.3/4, (2009), 206-222

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Week 6: Field Trip (TBC)

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Week 7: Race and the Archive (Kate Dossett)

Key Questions to Consider:

What makes an archive? What differentiates it from other repositories or sites of knowledge or knowledge production?

Can an archive act as a site of resistance?

What are the historical connections between gender and race relations and the centrality of the archive to historical practice?

How do archives reproduce racial and gender inequalities? Is it inevitable that they do? Can an archive ever be ‘neutral’ or ‘objective’?


Students are encouraged to explore an archive related to their current module or masters dissertation. Local archives include Feminist Archive North, housed in Special Collections in the University’s Brotherton Library, the Marks & Spencers Company Archive, also located on campus, or the Race Archive at Manchester Central Library. You might also explore a digital archive or collections through archive’s websites such as the Black Cultural Archives or the digital archives of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture  or Digital Women’s Archive North

Required Readings:

Smith, Bonnie G. ‘Gender and the Practices of Scientific History: The Seminar and Archival Research in the Nineteenth Century’ The American historical review. ISSN: 0002-8762 100(4) (October 1995): pp. 1150-1176.

Manoff, Marlene ‘Theories of the Archive from Across the Disciplines’ Libraries and the Academy 4(1) (January 2004): pp. 9-25.
Available online 

Springer, Kimberly “Radical Archives and the New Cycles of Contention,”  Viewpoints Magazine 31 Oct. 2015 available at https://viewpointmag.com/2015/10/31/radical-archives-and-the-new-cycles-of-contention/

Drake, Jarret M. “#ArchivesForBlackLives: Building a Community Archives of Police Violence in Cleveland,” 22 April, 2016,  available at https://medium.com/on-archivy/archivesforblacklives-building-a-community-archives-of-police-violence-in-cleveland-93615d777289#.ir56aq3x6

de la Peña, Carolyn ‘The History of Technology, the Resistance of Archives and the Whiteness of Race’ Technology and culture. ISSN: 0040-165x 51(4) (October 2010): 919-937.   

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Week 8: Race and Mobilities (Anyaa Anim-Addo)

Questions to Consider:

How can we understand the relationship between gender and mobility in the pre- and / or post-emancipation Caribbean?

How significant were local and regional migration as strategies for negotiating social advancement?

How might we understand indentured labour schemes in terms of the mobilities framework?

How useful is the mobilities framework for thinking through questions of voluntary and involuntary movement? Are other spatial concepts more useful to historians?

Required Readings:

Candlin, K., 'The empire of women: transient entrepreneurs in the Southern Caribbean, 1790-1820', The journal of imperial and commonwealth history. ISSN: 0308-6534 38:3 (2010), 351-372   


Candlin, K., The last Caribbean frontier, 1795-1815 ISBN: 9780230354081 (hbk.) : £55.00; 0230354084 (hbk.) : £55.00 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012) 

Cresswell, T., ‘Towards a politics of mobility’, Environment and planning. D : society and space. ISSN: 0263-7758, 28:1 (2010), 17-31   

Emmer, P., '"A spirit of independence" or lack of education for the market? Freedman and Asian indentured labourers in the post-emancipation Caribbean, 1834-1917, Slavery & Abolition : a journal of slave and post-slave studies. ISSN: 0144-039X 21:2 (2000), 150-168   

Hannam, K., M. Sheller and J. Urry, ‘Editorial: mobilities, immobilities and moorings’, Mobilities. ISSN: 1745-0101; 1745-011X 1:1 (2006), 1-22   

Shepherd, V., I want to disturb my neighbour : lectures on slavery, emancipation, and postcolonial Jamaica ISBN: 9789766372552; 9766372551 (Jamaica: Ian Randle, 2007)

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Week 9: Race and Slavery/Anti-slavery (Andrea Major)

Questions to Consider:

How do we define slavery?

Is racial difference a necessary component in the construction of slavery and anti-slavery ideologies?

How firmly can we delineate between slavery and other forms of ‘unfree’ labour?

What forms of slavery and abolitionism still exist today?

How useful is the concept of ‘Modern Slavery’ useful in understanding present day forms of labour coercion?


Slavery Convention, Geneva, 1926. http://www.ohchr.org/EN/ProfessionalInterest/Pages/SlaveryConvention.aspx

Thinking Allowed (Radio 4, 13/1/16), on Modern Slavery (from c. 11 minutes in). Podcast can be found here http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b06vkj24

Required Readings:

Andrea Major, Slavery, abolitionism and empire in India, 1772-1843 ISBN: 9781846317583 (hbk); 9781846317255 (ebook), (Liverpool University Press, 2012), chapter 1  

Madhavi Kale, Fragments of empire : capital, slavery, and Indian indentured labor migration to the British Caribbean ISBN: 0812234677 (alk. paper); 9780812202427 (ebk.), (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998), chapter 5.   

Davidson, J. O. (2010), New slavery, old binaries: human trafficking and the borders of ‘freedom’. Global networks. ISSN: 1470-2266, 10: 244–261.   

Bales, Kevin, ‘Slavery in its Contemporary Manifestations’, in The legal understanding of slavery : from the historical to the contemporary ISBN: 9780199660469 (hbk.); 0199660468 (hbk.), ed. by Jean Allain (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012)


Quirk, Joel. "Ending Slavery in all its Forms: Legal Abolition and Effective Emancipation in Historical Perspective" International journal of human rights. ISSN: 1364-2987 12.4 (2008).   

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Week 10: Race and Solidarity and Internationalist Movements (Elisabeth Leake)

Questions to Consider:

How did race act as a source of political mobilization in the twentieth century?

Activism or ideology - What is ‘solidarity’?

How did activists and political leaders bring together different racialized experiences to promote Afro-Asian solidarity, Tricontinentalism, and non-alignment?

What other social, cultural, ideological, political, or economic factors motivated solidarity?

What aspects of twentieth-century solidarity can we see in contemporary racial politics, such as Black Lives Matter?


Bandung Conference (1955)
: Opening address given by Sukarno https://www.cvce.eu/en/obj/opening_address_given_by_sukarno_bandung_18_april_1955-en-88d3f71c-c9f9-415a-b397-b27b8581a4f5.html
; Final communique https://www.cvce.eu/en/obj/final_communique_of_the_asian_african_conference_of_bandung_24_april_1955-en-676237bd-72f7-471f-949a-88b6ae513585.html

George Padmore, Colonial and Coloured Unity: A Programme of Action; History of the Pan-African Congress (1947) https://www.marxists.org/archive/padmore/1947/pan-african-congress/index.htm

Required Readings:

Keisha N. Blain, ‘“[F]or the Rights of Dark People in Every Part of the World”: Pearl Sherrod, Black Internationalist Feminism, and Afro-Asian Politics during the 1930s’, Souls ISSN: 1099-9949 17 (2015): 90-112   

Daniel Immerwahr, ‘Indianizing Race in the United States’, Modern intellectual history ISSN: 1479-2443 4 (2007): 275-301

Christopher J. Lee, ‘At the Rendezvous of Decolonization’, International Journal of Postcolonial Studies 11 (2009): 81-93
 Available online 

Vijay Prashad, ‘Bruce Lee and the Anti-Imperialism of Kung Fu: A Polycultural Adventure’, Positions. ISSN: 1876-6390 11 (2003): 51-90
 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Duncan M. Yoon, ‘ “Our Forces Have Redoubled”: World Literature, Postcolonialism, and the Afro-Asian Writers’ Bureau’, Cambridge journal of postcolonial literary inquiry ISSN: 2052-2614 2 (2015): 233-52


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Week 11: HIST5000M Research Methods Conference

This list was last updated on 12/09/2017