Leeds University Library

CLAS3890
City in the Roman World Module Reading List- your complete guide to reading material for this module

The City in the Roman World, 2017/18, Semester 1
Dr P J Goodman
P.J.Goodman@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Note for students: items marked with an asterisk (*) are recommended as a starting-point for reading on any given topic.

 

General

Recommended purchase

If you would like to buy a book to support your work on this module, I recommend the following item:

* R. Laurence, S. Esmonde Cleary and G. Sears (2011), The city in the Roman west, c.250 BC-c.AD 250 (Cambridge: CUP).  

Other overviews and introductions

* J. DeLaine (2008), 'Between concept and reality: case studies in the development of Roman cities in the Mediterranean' in J. Marcus and J.A. Sabloff, eds., The ancient city : new perspectives on urbanism in the old and new world. (Santa Fe): 95-116.   

* L. Nevett & P. Perkins (2000), ‘Essay Eight: Urbanism and urbanization in the Roman world’ in J. Huskinson (ed.), Experiencing Rome : culture, identity and power in the Roman Empire (London: Routledge with the OU): 213-244 Extract available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE 

E.J. Owens (1991), The city in the Greek and Roman world (London: Routledge)

N.J.G. Pounds (1973), An historical geography of Europe. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) - chapter 3, esp. pp. 116-139.

John E. Stambaugh (1988) The ancient Roman city (Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press)

R.A. Tomlinson (1992), From Mycenae to Constantinople : the evolution of the ancient city (London: Routledge)

John B. Ward-Perkins (1974), Cities of ancient Greece and Italy : planning in classical antiquity (London: Sidgwick and Jackson)

G.M. Woloch (1983), Roman cities = Les villes romaines (Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press).

A. Zuiderhoek (2017), The Ancient City (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press)

Themes in Roman urbanism

J. Rich and A. Wallace-Hadrill (1991), City and country in the ancient world (London: Routledge).

T.J. Cornell and K. Lomas, eds. (1995), Urban society in Roman Italy (London: UCL Press)

Helen M. Parkins, ed. (1997) Roman urbanism : beyond the consumer city (London: Routledge)

H. Parkins and C.J. Smith, eds. (1998), Trade, traders, and the ancient city (London: Routledge).

E. Fentress, ed. (2000) Romanization and the city : creation, transformations, and failures : proceedings of a conference held at the American Academy in Rome to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the excavations at Cosa, 14-16 May, 1998 (Portsmouth, RI: Journal of Roman Archaeology. JRA supplement no. 38)

A. MacMahon and J. Price, eds. (2005), Roman working lives and urban living (Oxford: Oxbow Books).

Architecture

* W.L. MacDonald (1986), The architecture of the Roman Empire volume II: an urban appraisal (New Haven and London: Yale University Press).  

J.B. Ward-Perkins (1991), Roman imperial architecture (London: Penguin).

F. Sear (1998) Roman architecture (London: Batsford) - earlier editions also available.

T.G. Smith (2003) Vitruvius on architecture

Reference works for looking up information on specific cities

J. W. Hanson (2016), An Urban Geography of the Roman World, 100 BC to AD 300 (Archaeopress Roman Archaeology 18).

Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth, eds. (2003), The Oxford classical dictionary (3rd ed. rev.; Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press).

R. Stilwell, ed. (1976), The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites (Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press) - also available on the Perseus project website.

C. McEvedy (2011), Cities of the classical world : an atlas and gazetteer of 120 centres of ancient civilization (London: Allen Lane).

 

Top of page

LECTURE TWO - Mediterranean urbanism before the rise of Rome

Overviews of ancient Mediterranean urbanism

* Charles Gates (2003) Ancient cities : the archaeology of urban life in the ancient Near East and Egypt, Greece and Rome (London: Routledge).  

Henry Hurst and Sara Owen (2005), eds. Ancient colonisations : analogy, similarity and difference (London: Duckworth)

Horden, P. and Purcell, N. (2000), The corrupting sea : a study of Mediterranean history. (Oxford: Blackwell) – chapter IV.

J. Marcus and J.A. Sabloff, eds. (2008), The ancient city : new perspectives on urbanism in the old and new world. (Santa Fe)

Greeks

Boardman, J. (1976), The Greeks overseas : their early colonies and trade; London (2nd end.).

* Mitchell, L.G. and Rhodes, P.J. (2011), The development of the polis in archaic Greece (London: Routledge)

Morris, I. (1991), ‘The early polis as city and state’ in Rich, J. and Wallace-Hadrill, A. eds. City and country in the ancient world (London: Routledge): 25-57.

* Murray, O. and Price, S., eds. (1990), The Greek city : from Homer to Alexander

Tsetskhladze, G. and De Angelis, F., eds. (2004), The archaeology of Greek colonisation : essays dedicated to Sir John Boardman

Wycherley, R. E. (1976), How the Greeks built cities (London: Macmillan)

Italian peoples

Cornell, T. (1995), The beginnings of Rome : Italy and Rome from the Bronze Age to the Punic Wars (c.1000-264 BC) (London: Routledge)

M. Grant (1980), The Etruscans (London)

Izzet, V. (2007) The archaeology of Etruscan society (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Pallottino, M. (1991), A history of earliest Italy

Ross Holloway, R. (1994), The archaeology of early Rome and Latium (London: Routledge)

* C. Smith (1996), Early Rome and Latium : economy and society c. 1000 to 500 BC (Oxford)

* N. Spivey and S. Stoddart (1990), Etruscan Italy (London)

Phoenicians

* Aubet, M.E. (1993), The Phoenicians and the West : politics, colonies and trade, (Cambridge: CUP)

Cunliffe, B.W. and Keay, S., eds. (1995), Social complexity and the development of towns in Iberia, from the Copper Age to the second century AD (Oxford: OUP. Proceedings of the Brit. Acad., no. 86).

Hoyos, D. (2010), The Carthaginians (London: Routledge).

Iron Age Europe

* Collis, J.R. (1984), Oppida : earliest towns north of the Alps

Cunliffe, B.W. (1988), Greeks, Romans and barbarians : spheres of interaction

 

Top of page

SEMINAR ONE - Roman ideas about the city

S.H. Braund (1989), ‘City and country in Roman satire’ in Braund, S.H., ed. Satire and society in ancient Rome (Exeter: Exeter University Press): 23-47. Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE.

B. Levick (2000), The government of the Roman Empire: a sourcebook (London: Routledge): see inscription no. 25, about Tymandus in Pisidia, for useful commentary on this document.

* K. Lomas (1997), ‘The idea of a city: elite ideology and the evolution of urban form in Italy, 200 BC - AD 100’ in H. Parkins, ed., Roman urbanism : beyond the consumer city (London): 21-41.  

L. Nevett & P. Perkins (2000), ‘Essay Eight: Urbanism and urbanization in the Roman world’ in J. Huskinson (ed.), Experiencing Rome : culture, identity and power in the Roman Empire (London: Routledge with the OU): 213-244

E.S. Ramage (1973), Urbanitas : ancient sophistication and refinement (Norman, Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press).

* P. Zanker (2000), ‘The city as symbol: Rome and the creation of an urban image’ in Fentress, E. ed. Romanization and the city : creation, transformations, and failures : proceedings of a conference held at the American Academy in Rome to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the excavations at Cosa, 14-16 May, 1998 (Portsmouth, RI: Journal of Roman Archaeology. JRA supplement no. 38): 25-41. Extract available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE 

 

Top of page

LECTURE THREE - Rome, the metropolis

Reference works

E. Nash (1968), Pictorial dictionary of ancient Rome. Thames and Hudson: London.

S. Platner and T. Ashby (1929) A topographical dictionary of ancient Rome. (OUP: London) – also available online at LacusCurtius.

* L. Richardson, Jnr (1992) A new topographical dictionary of ancient Rome. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins).  

E.M. Steinby, ed. (1993-2000), Lexicon topographicum urbis Romae (Roma: Quasar, 6 vols.) – up-to-date scholarly articles, most in Italian, numerous illustrations.

Books

* J. Coulston and H. Dodge (2000), Ancient Rome : the archaeology of the eternal city. (Oxford).  

S.L. Dyson (2010), Rome : a living portrait of an ancient city (Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press).

D. Favro (1996), The urban image of Augustan Rome. (Cambridge: CUP).

O. F. Robinson (1992) Ancient Rome : city planning and administration

J.E. Stambaugh (1988), The ancient Roman city (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press).

Articles

E. Gowers (1995), ‘The Anatomy of Rome from Capitol to Cloaca’, The journal of Roman studies.. 85, 23-32.

* Valerie Hope (2000) ‘Essay Three: The city of Rome: capital and symbol’ in J. Huskinson, ed., Experiencing Rome : culture, identity and power in the Roman Empire; London; pp. 213-244.  

J.R. Patterson (1992), ‘Review article. The City of Rome: from Republic to Empire’, The journal of Roman studies. 82, 190-194.

N. Purcell (1989), ‘Rediscovering the Roman forum’, in Journal of Roman archaeology.. 2, 156-166.

N. Purcell (1995), ‘Forum Romanum’, in M. Steinby (ed.), Lexicon topographicum urbis Romae, II, 325-42.

* N. Purcell (1996), 'Rome and its development under Augustus and his successors' in The Cambridge ancient history. Vol.10, Augustan Empire, 43 B.C.-A.D. 69 782-811. (Cambridge: CUP).
 
 

 

Top of page

LECTURE FOUR - Roman urbanism in Italy

City foundation and development

J.B. Campbell (1996), ‘Shaping the rural environment: surveyors in ancient Rome’ in The journal of Roman studies. 86: 74-99

J. B. Campbell (2000) The writings of the Roman land surveyors : introduction, text, translation and commentary (London: Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies)

F. Castagnoli (1971) Orthogonal town planning in antiquity (London).

O.A.W. Dilke (1974), ‘Archaeological and epigraphic evidence of Roman land surveys’ in Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt (ANRW) : Inhaltsverzeichnis mit Autorenregister (Stand: Ende 1996) II.1, 564-92

O.A.W. Dilke (1981), The Roman land surveyors : an introduction to the agrimensores (Newton Abbot)

* J.F. Drinkwater (1990), ‘Urbanization in Italy and the western empire’ in J. Wacher (ed.), Roman world (London), vol. I, 345-387 Extract available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE 

* R. Laurence, S. Esmonde Cleary and G. Sears (2011), The city in the Roman west, c.250 BC-c.AD 250 (Cambridge: CUP) - chapter 2 and chapter 6. pp. 135-151.  

E.J. Owens (1989), ‘Roman Town Planning’ in I. Barton, ed., Roman public buildings (Exeter): ch. 1.

J. Sewell (2010), The formation of Roman urbanism, 338-200 B.C. : between contemporary foreign influence and Roman tradition (JRA supplementary series no. 79. Rhode Island).

R.J. Sweetman (2011), Roman colonies in the first century of their foundation (Oxford: Oxbow Books) - chapter 1 by R.J. Sweetman and chapter 2 by Kalle Korhonen.

* P. Zanker (2000), ‘The city as symbol: Rome and the creation of an urban image’ in Fentress, E. ed. Romanization and the city : creation, transformations, and failures : proceedings of a conference held at the American Academy in Rome to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the excavations at Cosa, 14-16 May, 1998 (Portsmouth, RI: Journal of Roman Archaeology. JRA supplement no. 38): 25-41. Extract available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE 

Urbanism in Italy generally

Guy de la Bédoyère (2010), Cities of Roman Italy : Pompeii, Herculaneum and Ostia (Duckworth: Classical World Series)

A.E. Cooley, ed. (2016), A Companion to Roman Italy (Malden and Oxford: Wiley Blackwell) - see especially the chapters in Part III: Town and Country

* S.L. Dyson (1992), Community and society in Roman Italy (Johns Hopkins University Press; Baltimore and London).  

E.T. Salmon (1969), Roman colonization under the Republic (London)

T.W. Potter (1979), The changing landscape of south Etruria (Elek, London).

E. T. Salmon (1982), The making of Roman Italy (London)

T.W. Potter (1987), Roman Italy (London)

A. Keaveney (1987, 2nd edn. 2005) Rome and the unification of Italy

Individual cities

F. E. Brown (1980), Cosa : the making of a Roman town (Ann Arbor)

Brown, F.E., E. H. Richardson and L. Richardson, Jr. (1993) Cosa III : the buildings of the forum : colony, municipium, and village. Rome.

J. DeLaine (2016), 'Ostia' in A.E. Cooley, ed. A Companion to Roman Italy (Malden and Oxford: Wiley Blackwell): 417-438.

E. Fentress (1994), ‘Cosa in the Empire: the Unmaking of a Roman Town’, in Journal of Roman archaeology.. 7: 208-22

E. Fentress and P. Perkins (2016), 'Cosa and the Ager Cosanus' in A.E. Cooley, ed. A Companion to Roman Italy (Malden and Oxford: Wiley Blackwell): 378-400.

F. Corni (1989), Aosta antica : la città romana (Aosta: Tipografia Valdostana). 

J. Dobbins and P. Foss, eds. (2007), The world of Pompeii (Routledge: New York).

M. Grant (1974), Cities of Vesuvius : Pompeii and Herculaneum (London)

S. Keay and L. Parioli (2011), Portus and its hinterland : recent archaeological research (British School at Rome).

R. Laurence (1994 / 2007), Roman Pompeii : space and society (London: Routledge).

R. Laurence (2016), 'Pompei and the Ager Pompeianus' in A.E. Cooley, ed. A Companion to Roman Italy (Malden and Oxford: Wiley Blackwell): 401-416.

A. Maiuri (1960) Pompeii (Novara: Istituto geografico de Agostini).

L. Richardson (1988), Pompeii : an architectural history (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press).

A. Wallace-Hadrill (2011), Herculaneum : past and future (Frances Lincoln)

P. Zanker (1998), Pompeii : public and private life (Cambridge MA.)

 

Top of page

LECTURE FIVE - The Greek-speaking eastern provinces

General

* S. Alcock ed. (1997), The early Roman Empire in the East (Oxbow Monograph 95)

W. Ball (2000), Rome in the East : the transformation of an empire (London) – chapters 5 and 7

* M. W. Gleason (2006), 'Greek cities under Roman rule' in D.S. Potter, ed., A companion to the Roman Empire (Malden MA: Blackwell): 228-49.  

A.H.M. Jones (1940), The Greek city from Alexander to Justinian

A.H.M. Jones (1971), The cities of the Eastern Roman provinces (2nd edn, Oxford).

* B. M. Levick (1987), ‘Urbanization in the Eastern Empire’, in J. Wacher, ed. Roman world I: 329-34  

S. MacReady and F.H. Thompson (1987), Roman architecture in the Greek world (London: Society of Antiquaries).

F.G.B. Millar (1993), ‘The Greek city in the Roman period’ in M.H. Hansen (ed.), The ancient Greek city-state : symposium on the occasion of the 250th anniversary of the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters July, 1-4 1992 (Copenhagen), 232-60

* R. Raja (2012), Urban development and regional identity in the Eastern Roman provinces, 50 BC-AD 250 : Aphrodisias, Ephesos, Athens, Gerasa. (Museum Tusculanum Press).

P.J. Rhodes (2007) The Greek city states : a source book (Cambridge: CUP) – chapter 11.

G.D. Woolf (1994), 'Becoming Roman, staying Greek: culture, identity and the civilizing process in the Roman East', Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society. 40: 116-43.

Greece and the Greek islands, including Crete

I.L. Hansen and R. Hodges (2006), Roman Butrint : an assessment (Oxford: Oxbow Books).

M.C. Hoff and S.I. Rotroff (1997) The romanization of Athens : proceedings of an international conference held at Lincoln, Nebraska (April 1996) (Oxbow monograph 94).

D.G. Romano (2000), ‘A tale of two cities: Roman colonies at Corinth’ in Fentress, E. ed. Romanization and the city : creation, transformations, and failures : proceedings of a conference held at the American Academy in Rome to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the excavations at Cosa, 14-16 May, 1998 (Portsmouth, RI: Journal of Roman Archaeology. JRA supplement no. 38): 83-104.

* R.J. Sweetman (2011), Roman colonies in the first century of their foundation (Oxford: Oxbow Books) - chapter 5 on Corinth by P. Scotton, chapter 6 on Butrint by I. Hansen, chapter 7 on Epirus by W. Bowden and chapter 8 on Cnosus by M. Baldwin Bowsky.

* Walbank, M. E. H. (1997) “The foundation and planning of early Roman Corinth.” Journal of Roman archaeology.. 10: 95–130.

Asia Minor and Cyprus

Boatwright, M. (1993), ‘The city gate of Plancia Magna in Perge’ in E. d’Ambra, ed. Roman art in context : an anthology, New Jersey: Prentice Hall: 189-207.

E.K. Gazda and D.Y. Ng (2011), Building a new Rome : the imperial colony of Pisidian Antioch (25 BC - AD 700). (Kelsey Museum of Archaeology).

Barbara M. Levick (1967), Roman colonies in southern Asia Minor., Clarendon Press, Oxford.

A.D. Macro (1980), ‘The cities of Asia Minor under the Roman emperors’ in Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt (ANRW) II.7.2: 658-97

* David Parrish, ed. (2001), Urbanism in western Asia Minor : new studies on Aphrodisias, Ephesos, Hierapolis, Pergamon, Perge, and Xanthos ((Portsmouth, RI: Journal of Roman Archaeology. JRA supplement no. 54) – see esp. chapter by Parrish, ‘The urban plan and its constituent elements’, pp. 9-41. 

R.J. Sweetman (2011), Roman colonies in the first century of their foundation (Oxford: Oxbow Books) - chapter 9 on Pisidia by A. De Giorgi.

The eastern coast of the Mediterranean

K. Holum and R. Hohlfelder (1988), King Herod's dream : Caesarea on the sea (London)

* J. Patrich (2011), Studies in the archaeology and history of Caesarea Maritima : caput judaeae, metropolis palaestinae (Leiden: Brill)

D. J. Watts and C.M. Watts (1992), ‘The Role of Monuments in the Geometrical Ordering of the Roman Master Plan of Gerasa’ in Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians.. 51.3: 306-314.

Egypt

* R. Alston (2002), The city in Roman and Byzantine Egypt (London: Routledge).

 

Top of page

SEMINAR TWO - Euergetism: public buildings and the elite

General

T.F.C. Blagg (1990), 'Architectural Munificence in Britain: The Evidence of Inscriptions' in Britannia.. 21: 13 - 31

J.H. D’Arms (2000), ‘P. Lucilius Gamala’s feasts for the Ostians and their Roman models’, in Journal of Roman archaeology.. 13.1: 192-200

* R.P. Duncan-Jones (1985), ‘Who paid for public buildings in Roman cities? ’ in Grew F. and Hobley, B., eds. Roman urban topography in Britain and the Western Empire : proceedings of the third conference on urban archaeology organized jointly by the CBA and the Department of Urban Archaeology of the Museum of London (London: CBA): 28-33. Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE.  

R.P. Duncan-Jones (1990), Structure and scale in the Roman economy. (Cambridge: CUP) – chs 10 & 11.

S.S. Frere (1985), 'Civic Pride: a factor in Roman town planning' in F. Grew and B. Hobley (eds.) Roman urban topography in Britain and the Western Empire : proceedings of the third conference on urban archaeology organized jointly by the CBA and the Department of Urban Archaeology of the Museum of London. Council for British Archaeology, London.

Kathryn Lomas and Tim Cornell, eds. (2003), 'Bread and circuses' : euergetism and municipal patronage in Roman Italy - see esp. chapter by Lomas.

* N. Mackie (1990), 'Urban munificence and the growth of urban consciousness in Roman Spain' in T. Blagg and M. Millett (eds.), The early Roman Empire in the west. (Oxford: Oxbow Books): 179-92. Extract available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE 

* D. Ng (2015) ‘Commemoration and Élite Benefaction of Buildings and Spectacles in the Roman World’ in Journal of Roman Studies 105, pp. 101–123.  

M. Pobjoy (2000), ‘Building inscriptions in Republican Italy: euergetism, responsibility, and civic virtue’ in A.E. Cooley, ed., The epigraphic landscape of Roman Italy (BICS suppl. 73. London): 77-92. Extract available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE.

Strubbe, J.H.M. (2004), 'Cultic honours for benefactors in Asia Minor' in L. de Ligt, E.A. Hemelrijk and H.W. Singor, eds., Roman rule and civic life : local and regional perspectives, (Leiden: Brill)

E. Thomas (2007), Monumentality and the Roman Empire : architecture in the Antonine age (Oxford: OUP) 

Pompeii and the Holconii

A.E. & M.G.L. Cooley (2004), Pompeii : a sourcebook (London: Routledge) - see Index of Persons for material on the Holconii.  

* J.H. D’Arms (1988), ‘Pompeii and Rome in the Augustan age and beyond: the eminence of the Gens Holconia’ in R.I. Curtis, ed., Studia Pompeiana & classica vol. I (New Rochelle, NY: Caratzas): 51-73.  

L. Richardson (1988), Pompeii : an architectural history (Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press).

P. Zanker (1998), Pompeii : public and private life (Cambridge MA.).

Urban patrons

J. Nicols (1980), ‘“Tabulae Patronatus”: a study of the agreement between patron and client-community’in Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt (ANRW) II.13: 535-59

J. Nicols (1980), ‘Pliny and the patronage of communities’, in HERMES 108: 365-85 

J. Nicols (1990), 'Patrons of Greek cities in the early principate', Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik.. 80: 81-100

C.F. Eilers (2002), Roman patrons of Greek cities (Oxford)

 

Top of page

LECTURE SIX - The Latin-speaking western Provinces

General

F. Grew and B. Hobley, eds. (1985), Roman urban topography in Britain and the Western Empire : proceedings of the third conference on urban archaeology organized jointly by the CBA and the Department of Urban Archaeology of the Museum of London; Council for British Archaeology, London.

* J. Edmondson (2006), 'Cities and urban life in the western provinces of the Roman empire, 30 BCE-250 CE' in D.S. Potter, ed., A companion to the Roman Empire (Malden MA: Blackwell): 250-279.  

E. Fentress, ed. (2000), Romanization and the city : creation, transformations, and failures : proceedings of a conference held at the American Academy in Rome to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the excavations at Cosa, 14-16 May, 1998 (Portsmouth, RI: Journal of Roman Archaeology. JRA supplement no. 38).

M.J. Jones (2008), 'Urban foundation, planning and sustainability in the Roman northwestern provinces' in J. Marcus and J.A. Sabloff, eds., The ancient city : new perspectives on urbanism in the old and new world. (Santa Fe): 117-139.

* R. Laurence, S. Esmonde Cleary and G. Sears (2011), The city in the Roman west, c.250 BC-c.AD 250 (Cambridge: CUP) - chapter 4 and chapter 6, pp. 151-169.  

B. Maloney and J. Hobley, eds. (1983), Roman urban defences in the West : a review of current research on urban defences in the Roman Empire with special reference to the Northern Provinces : based on papers presented to the Conference on Roman Urban Defences held at the Museum of London on 21-23 March 1980 (CBA Research Report no. 51, London)

D.J. Mattingly, ed. (1997), Dialogues in Roman imperialism : power, discourse, and discrepant experience in the Roman Empire (Portsmouth, RI: Journal of Roman Archaeology. JRA supplement no. 23) – see esp. articles by Barrett, Hanson and Whittaker.

* Phil Perkins and Lisa Nevitt (2000) ‘Essay Eight: Urbanism and urbanisation in the Roman world’ in J. Huskinson, ed., Experiencing Rome : culture, identity and power in the Roman Empire; London: 213-244.   

J.B. Ward-Perkins (1970), ‘From Republic to Empire. Reflections on the early imperial provincial architecture of the Roman west’ in The journal of Roman studies.. 60:1-19.

G. Woolf (1997), ‘Beyond Romans and natives’ in World archaeology.. 28.3: 339-50.

Africa

D.J. Mattingly (1995), Tripolitania. Batsford, London – see chapter 6.

* G. Sears (2011), The cities of Roman Africa (The History Press).

J.B. Ward-Perkins (1982), ‘Town planning in North Africa during the first two centuries of the Empire’ in Mitteilungen des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Römische Abteilung. Ergänzungsheft.. 25; p. 29 - 49

Gaul

* G. Woolf (1998), Becoming Roman : the origins of provincial civilization in Gaul (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) – chapter 5.

G. Woolf (2000), ‘Urbanization and its discontents in early Roman Gaul’ in E. Fentress, ed. Romanization and the city : creation, transformations, and failures : proceedings of a conference held at the American Academy in Rome to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the excavations at Cosa, 14-16 May, 1998 (Portsmouth, RI: Journal of Roman Archaeology. JRA supplement no. 38): 115-31.

P.-A. Février (1973), 'The origin and growth of the cities of southern Gaul to the third century A.D.: an assessment of the most recent archaeological discoveries' in The journal of Roman studies. 63: 1-28.

Robert Bedon (1999), Les villes des trois Gaules : de César à Néron : dans leur contexte historique, territorial et politique (Paris: Éditions Picard).

Robert Bedon (2001) Atlas des villes, bourgs, villages de France au passé romain. (Paris: Éditions Picard).

Britain

T. Copeland (2011), Roman Gloucestershire (The History Press).

P. Crummy (1997), City of victory : the story of Colchester - Britain's first Roman town (Colchester: Colchester Archaeological Trust).

F. Grew and B. Hobley, eds. (1985), Roman urban topography in Britain and the Western Empire : proceedings of the third conference on urban archaeology organized jointly by the CBA and the Department of Urban Archaeology of the Museum of London (London: Council for British Archaeology).

M. Fulford and A. Clarke (2011), Silchester : city in transition : the mid-Roman occupation of Insula IX c. A.D. 125-250/300 : a report on excavations undertaken since 1997. (London: Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies).

H. Hurst, ed. (1999), The coloniae of Roman Britain : new studies and a review ; papers of the conference held at Gloucester on 5-6 July, 1997 (Portsmouth, RI: Journal of Roman Archaeology. JRA supplement no. 36).

H. Hurst (2000), ‘The fortress coloniae of Roman Britain: Colchester, Lincoln and Gloucester’ in E. Fentress (ed.), Romanization and the city : creation, transformations, and failures : proceedings of a conference held at the American Academy in Rome to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the excavations at Cosa, 14-16 May, 1998, 105-114

M.J. Jones (2007), 'Cities and urban life' in M. Todd, ed. A Companion to Roman Britain (Malden MA: Blackwell).

R. Niblett (2001), Verulamium : the Roman city of St. Albans (Tempus: Stroud).

J. Morris (1998) Londinium : London in the Roman Empire (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. Revised by Sarah Macready)

D. Perring (1991) Roman London (London: Seaby)

* John Wacher (1997), The towns of Roman Britain (London: Routledge).  

G. Webster (1988), Fortress into city : the consolidation of Roman Britain first century AD (London: Batsford).

Spain

L. Abad Casal, S. Keay and S. Ramallo Asensio, eds. (2006), Early Roman towns in Hispania Tarraconensis. (Portsmouth, RI: Journal of Roman Archaeology. JRA supplement no. 62).

Barry Cunliffe and Simon Keay, eds. (1995), Social complexity and the development of towns in Iberia, from the Copper Age to the second century AD (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

* Andrew T. Fear (1996), Rome and Baetica : urbanization in southern Spain c. 50 BC-AD 150

Simon Keay, ed. (1998), The archaeology of early Roman Baetica (Portsmouth, RI: Journal of Roman Archaeology. JRA supplement no. 29) – esp. articles by Keay, Ventura et al., and Rufino.

R.J. Sweetman (2011), Roman colonies in the first century of their foundation (Oxford: Oxbow Books) - chapter 3 by J. Edmonson and 4 by A. Jiménez and J. Carrillo.

 

Top of page

LECTURE SEVEN - Civic politics and administration

General

* D.C. Braund, ed. (1988) The administration of the Roman Empire (241BC-AD193) (University of Exeter, Exeter) – see articles by J. Reynolds (pp. 15-51, ‘Cities’) and W.S. Hanson (pp. 53-68, ‘Administration…’).   

G.P. Burton (2001), 'The imperial state and its impact on the role and status of local magistrates and councillors in the provinces of the empire' in L. de Blois (ed.), Administration, prosopography and appointment policies in the Roman Empire : proceedings of the first workshop of the international network Impact of Empire (Roman Empire, 27 B.C. - A.D. 406), Leiden, June 28 - July 1, 2000 (Impact of the Roman Empire 1: Amsterdam), 202-14

M. Corbier (1991), ‘City, territory and taxation’ in J. Rich and A. Wallace-Hadrill, eds. City and country in the ancient world (London: Routledge): 211-39.

Michael G. Jarrett (1971), 'Decurions and Priests' in The American Journal of Philology. Vol. 92, No. 4, pp. 513-538

A.H.M. Jones (1974), The Roman economy : studies in ancient economic and administrative history (Oxford) - ch. 1, ‘The cities of the Roman empire: political, administrative and judicial functions’.

* A. Lintott (1993), Imperium Romanum : politics and administration (London: Routledge) – see chapter 8, ‘Cities, municipalities and local government.’ Chapter 8 available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE 

K. Lomas (1996), Roman Italy, 338 BC-AD 200 : a sourcebook – see ch. 8.

Benet Salway (2011), ‘Prefects, Patroni and Decurions’ in Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies of the University of London.. 44.73: 115-171

A. Zuiderhoek (2017), The Ancient City (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) - chapter 5, 'Politics and political institutions'

Eastern provinces

A.K. Bowman & D.W. Rathbone (1992), ‘Cities and administration in Roman Egypt’, The journal of Roman studies.. 82: 107-27.

T. Bekker-Nielsen (2008). Urban life and local politics in Roman Bithynia : the small world of Dion Chrysostomos. Aarhus.

A.K. Bowman (1971), The town councils of Roman Egypt (Toronto)

S. Dmitriev (2005), City government in Hellenistic and Roman Asia minor (Oxford: OUP).

A. Jördens (2012), 'Government, taxation and the law' in C. Riggs (ed.) The Oxford handbook of Roman Egypt (Oxford University Press) : 56-67.

Western provinces

L.A. Curchin (1990), The local magistrates of Roman Spain (Phoenix suppl. 28: Toronto).

J.F. Drinkwater (1979) ‘A note on local careers in the three Gauls under the early empire’ in Britannia.. 10: 89-100.

J.L. Franklin (1980), Pompeii : the electoral programmata, campaigns and politics, A. D. 71-79 (Monographs of the American Academy at Rome 28: Rome)

* R. Laurence, S. Esmonde Cleary and G. Sears (2011), The city in the Roman west, c.250 BC-c.AD 250 (Cambridge: CUP) - chapters 3 and 7.

Civic charters

M.H. Crawford (1995), ‘Roman towns and their charters: legislation and experience’ in Cunliffe, B. and Keay, S., eds Social complexity and the development of towns in Iberia, from the Copper Age to the second century AD (Proceedings of the British Academy, no. 86), Oxford: Oxford University Press: 423-31.

M.H. Crawford (1996), Roman statutes (BICS Supplement no. 64, London: Institute of Classical Studies) – texts, translations and commentaries on all Roman civic charters known at time of publication.

M.H. Crawford (1998), ‘How to make a municipium’ in M. Austin, J.D. Harries, C.J. Smith (edd.), Modus operandi : essays in honour of Geoffrey Rickman (BICS Suppl. 71: London), 31-46

H. Galsterer (1988), ‘Municipium Flavium Irnitanum: a Latin Town in Spain’, The journal of Roman studies.. 78: 78-90

J.F. Gardner (2001), ‘Making citizens: the operation of the Lex Irnitana’ in L. de Blois (ed.), Administration, prosopography and appointment policies in the Roman Empire : proceedings of the first workshop of the international network Impact of Empire (Roman Empire, 27 B.C. - A.D. 406), Leiden, June 28 - July 1, 2000, 215-229

J. González (1986), ‘The Lex Irnitana: a new copy of the Flavian municipal law’ in The journal of Roman studies.. 76: 147-243.

R.K. Sherk (1971), The municipal decrees of the Roman West (Arethusa monograph 2: Buffalo)

Provincial governors

C. Ando (2006), 'The administration of the provinces' in D.S. Potter, ed., A companion to the Roman Empire (Malden MA: Blackwell): 177-192.

G.P. Burton (1975), ‘Proconsuls, assizes and the administration of justice under the Empire’, in The journal of Roman studies.. 65: 92-106.

G.P. Burton (2004), ‘The Roman imperial state, provincial governors and the public finances of provincial cities 27 BC–AD 235’, Historia.. 53: 311-42.

C. Kokkinia (2004), 'Ruling, inducing, arguing: how to govern (and survive) a Greek province ' in L. de Ligt, E.A. Hemelrijk and H.W. Singor, eds., Roman rule and civic life : local and regional perspectives (Roman Empire, c. 200 B.C. - A.D. 476), (Leiden: Brill).

L. de Ligt (2004), 'Direct taxation in western Asia Minor under the early Empire' in L. de Ligt, E.A. Hemelrijk and H.W. Singor, eds., Roman rule and civic life : local and regional perspectives (Roman Empire, c. 200 B.C. - A.D. 476), (Leiden: Brill).

A. Lintott (1993), Imperium Romanum: politics and administration (London) - part I

J. Richardson (1984), Roman provincial administration : 227BC to ADll7 (Bristol : Bristol Classical Press).

J. Richardson (1994) , 'The administration of the empire' in J.A. Crook, A. Lintott and E. Rawson, eds. The Cambridge ancient history. Vol.9, The last age of the Roman Republic, 146-43 B.C. (Cambridge) - chapter 15, pp. 564-98.

J. Rogan (2011), Roman provincial administration (Amberley).

 

Top of page

LECTURE EIGHT - Population and movement

Population size and demography

Richard Alston and Robert D. Alston (1997), ‘Urbanism and the Urban Community in Roman Egypt’ in The journal of Egyptian archaeology.. 83: 199-216.

* A. K. Bowman and A. I. Wilson, eds. (2011), Settlement, urbanization, and population, Oxford Studies in the Roman Economy 2. Oxford University Press, Oxford - see especially chapter 7 by A. Wilson, 'City Sizes and Urbanization in the Roman Empire'.  

Clarke, A. and Fulford, M. (2002). ‘The Excavation of Insula IX, Silchester: the first five years of the ‘Town Life’ project, 1997-2001’, in Britannia. 33: 129-66

Frere, S. S. and Fulford, M. G. (2002) ‘The Collegium Peregrinorum at Silchester’, in Britannia. 33: 167-175.

Fulford, M., Clarke, A., Eckardt, H. and Shaffrey, R. (2002). 'Victorian excavation methodology: The Society of Antiquaries at Silchester in 1893' in Antiquaries Journal 82: 285-306.

Hassan, F.A. (1981), Demographic archaeology. New York & London.

E. Lazer (2009), Resurrecting Pompeii (London: Routledge)

L. de Ligt, S. J. Northwood, eds. (2008), People, land and politics : demographic developments and the transformation of Roman Italy 300 BC-AD 14. (Leiden/Boston: Brill).

T. Parkin (1992), Demography and Roman society (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press).

Josiah C. Russell (1972), ‘Population in Europe’ in Carlo M. Cipolla, ed., The Fontana Economic History of Europe , Vol. I: The Middle Ages, (Glasgow: Collins/Fontana): 25-71.

Benet Salway (2011), ‘Prefects, Patroni and Decurions’ in Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies of the University of London. 44.73: 115-171

W. Scheidel, (1996), Measuring sex, age and death in the Roman Empire : explorations in ancient demography (Portsmouth, RI: Journal of Roman Archaeology. JRA supplement no. 21).

A. Scobie (1986), ‘Slums, sanitation and mortality in the Roman world’, in Klio 68; pp. 399-43.

Laurens E. Tacoma (2012), 'Settlement and Population' in C. Riggs (ed.), The Oxford handbook of Roman Egypt (Oxford University Press) : 122-135.

* J. Zorn (1994), 'Estimating the Population Size of Ancient Settlements: Methods, Problems, Solutions, and a Case Study' in Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 295: 31-38.  

The city of Rome

C. Edwards & G. Woolf, ed. (2003), Rome the cosmopolis (Cambridge: CUP)

G. Hermansen (1978), "The Population of Imperial Rome: The Regionaries" Historia.. 27; pp.129-168

* R. Laurence and D. Newsome, eds. (2011) Rome, Ostia, Pompeii : movement and space - see chapters 10 (Claire Holleran), 11 (Elizabeth Macaulay-Lewis), 12 (David Newsome), 13 (Francesco Trifilò), 13 (Diane Favro) and 15 (Malmberg and Bjur).

N. Morley (1996), Metropolis and hinterland : the city of Rome and the Italian economy, 200 B.C.-A.D. 200 - ch. 2, ‘The demographic burden’.

J. E. Packer (1967), ‘Housing and Population in Imperial Ostia and Rome’, in The journal of Roman studies.. 57: 80-95

N. Purcell (1994), ‘The City of Rome and the plebs urbana in the late Republic’ in J.A. Crook, A. Lintott and E. Rawson, eds. The Cambridge ancient history. Vol.9, The last age of the Roman Republic, 146-43 B.C., (Cambridge: CUP); pp. 644-688

W. Scheidel (1994), ‘Libitina's Bitter Gains: Seasonal Mortality and Endemic Disease in the Ancient City of Rome’, Ancient society. 25: 151-175.

B. D. Shaw (1996), ‘Seasons of Death: Aspects of Mortality in Imperial Rome’, in The journal of Roman studies.. 86; pp. 100-138.

G. R. Storey (1997), ‘The population of ancient Rome’ in Antiquity 71.274: 966-78.

The rhythms and movement of urban life

S.J.R. Ellis (2004), ‘The distribution of bars at Pompeii: archaeological, spatial and viewshed analysis’ in Journal of Roman archaeology.. 17: 371-384.

J. Hartnett (2011), 'The power of nuisances on the Roman street' in R. Laurence and D. Newsome, eds. Rome, Ostia, Pompeii : movement and space: 135-159.

A. Kaiser (2000), The urban dialogue : an analysis of the use of space in the Roman city of Empúries, Spain (BAR Int. Series 901. Oxford: Archaeopress) – esp. chs. 5 and 6.

A. Kaiser (2011), 'Cart traffic flow in Pompeii and Rome' in R. Laurence and D. Newsome, eds. Rome, Ostia, Pompeii : movement and space: 174-193.

* A. Kaiser (2011), Roman urban street networks (London and New York: Routledge).

* Ray Laurence (1994 / 2007), Roman Pompeii : space and society (London: Routledge) – chapter 8 / 9 (depends on edition), ‘The temporal logic of space.  

T.M. O'Sullivan (2011), Walking in Roman culture (Cambridge: CUP) - chapter 3, “Urban Walkers on Display.”

E. Poehler (2006) ‘The Circulation of Traffic in Pompeii ’s Regio VI ’, in Journal of Roman archaeology.. 19: 53-74.

 

Top of page

SEMINAR THREE - The Festival of Septimus Severus

Septimius Severus

Anthony R. Birley (1988), The African emperor : Septimius Severus. (London: Batsford)

Michael L. Meckler (1998) , ‘Septimius Severus (193-211 A.D.)’ from De Imperatoribus Romanis: An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Rulers and Their Families – available at http://www.roman-emperors.org/sepsev.htm

Basic reference works

Simon Hornblower and Antony Spawforth, eds. The Oxford classical dictionary (Oxford 1996),

R. Stilwell, ed. (1976), The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites (Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press) - also available on the Perseus project website.

Athens

Sean G. Byrne (2003), Roman citizens of Athens (Leuven: Peeters)

M. Hoff (1996) ‘The Politics and Architecture of the Athenian Imperial Cult’ in A. Small, ed. Subject and ruler : the cult of the ruling power in classical antiquity : papers presented at a conference held in the University of Alberta on April 13-15, 1994, to celebrate the 65th anniversary of Duncan Fishwick (Portsmouth, RI: JRA): 185-200

M.C. Hoff and S.I. Rotroff (1997) The romanization of Athens : proceedings of an international conference held at Lincoln, Nebraska (April 1996) (Oxbow monograph 94)

James H. Oliver (1983), The civic tradition and Roman Athens (Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press)

H.A. Thompson (1987), ‘The impact of Roman architects and architecture on Athens, 170 CB – AD 170 in S. MacReady and F.H. Thompson, eds. Roman architecture in the Greek world (London: Society of Antiquaries): 1-17.

J. Tobin (1997), Herodes Attikos and the city of Athens : patronage and conflict under the Antonines (Amsterdam: Gieben).

H. Whittaker (2002), ‘Some reflections on the Temple of the goddess Roma and Augustus on the acropolis at Athens’ in E.N. Ostenfeld, ed., Greek Romans and Roman Greeks : studies in cultural interaction (Aarhus): 25-3

Cosa

F. E. Brown (1980) Cosa : the making of a Roman town (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press)

E. Fentress (1994) ‘Cosa in the empire: the unmaking of a Roman town’ in Journal of Roman archaeology.. 7: 208-222

E. Fentress (2000), ‘Cosa and the Idea of the City’, in E. Fentress, ed. Romanization and the city : creation, transformations, and failures : proceedings of a conference held at the American Academy in Rome to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the excavations at Cosa, 14-16 May, 1998 y (Portsmouth, RI: Journal of Roman Archaeology)

A. M. McCann (1979), ‘The Harbor and Fishery Remains at Cosa, Italy’ in Journal of Field Archaeology 6.4: 391-411

A. M. McCann, J. Bourgeois, E.K. Gazda, J.P. Oleson, and E.L. Will (1986), The Roman port and fishery of Cosa : a center of ancient trade.. (Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University)

John E. Stambaugh (1988) The ancient Roman city (Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press) – see pp. 255-259 for a short account.

Silchester

Silchester Iron Age and Roman Town - extensive and extremely useful website for an ongoing archaeological project at Silchester led by the University of Reading.

George C. Boon (1974), Silchester: the Roman town of Calleva (Newton Abbot: David and Charles).

Frere, S. S. and Fulford, M. G. (2002) ‘The Collegium Peregrinorum at Silchester’, in Britannia. 33: 167-175.

M. Fulford and A. Clarke (2011), Silchester : city in transition : the mid-Roman occupation of Insula IX c. A.D. 125-250/300 : a report on excavations undertaken since 1997. (London: Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies).

Michael Fulford (1989), The Silchester amphitheatre: excavations of 1979-85 (London: Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies).

M. Fulford, ed. (2012), Silchester and the Study of Romano-British Urbanism. (JRA Supplementary Series No. 90. Portsmouth, Rhode Island: Journal of Roman Archaeology).

A. Kaiser (2011), Roman urban street networks (London and New York: Routledge). - chapter 5, pp. 140-169.

* John Wacher (1997), The towns of Roman Britain (London: Routledge) - chapter 6, pp. 271-291.

 

Top of page

LECTURE NINE - Spatial organisation

General

A. Kaiser (2011). ‘What was a via? An integrated archaeological and textual approach’, in E. Poehler, M. Flohr and K. Cole (eds.), Pompeii : art, industry and infrastructure. Oxford, 115-30.

* A. Kaiser (2011), Roman urban street networks (London and New York: Routledge).  

* R. Laurence and D. Newsome, eds. (2011), Rome, Ostia, Pompeii : movement and space (Oxford University Press: Oxford).  

R. Ling (1990), ‘A stranger in town: finding the way in an ancient city’ in Greece and Rome. V.37, no.2; pp. 204-214.

W.L. MacDonald (1986), The architecture of the Roman Empire vol. 2, An urban appraisal.; New Haven.

D. Perring (1991), ‘Spatial organisation and social change in Roman towns’ in Rich, J. and Wallace-Hadrill, A., eds, City and country in the ancient world, London: Routledge: 273-93.

Houses large and small

I.M. Barton, ed. (1996), Roman domestic buildings (Exeter).

J.R. Clarke (1991), The houses of Roman Italy, 100 B.C. - A.D. 250 : ritual, space, and decoration; University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles and London. (Reviews available at JRA 8 (1995) 398-402; AJA 97 (1993) 587-88 and JRS 83 (1993) 227-29.)

S. Hales (2003), The Roman house and social identity (Cambridge)

D.P. Kehoe (2006), 'Landlords and tenants' in in D.S. Potter, ed., A companion to the Roman Empire (Malden MA: Blackwell):298-312.

Pirson, F. (1997). ‘Rented accommodation at Pompeii: the Insula Arriana Polliana’, in R. Laurence and A. Wallace-Hadrill (eds.), Domestic space in the Roman world : Pompeii and beyond. Portsmouth RI, 165-181.   

Andrew Wallace-Hadrill (1994), Houses and society in Pompeii and Herculaneum.

Ray Laurence and A. Wallace-Hadrill, eds. (1997), Domestic space in the Roman world : Pompeii and beyond (Portsmouth, RI: Journal of Roman Archaeology. JRA supplement no. 22).
 

Pompeii

K. Friedell-Anter and M. Weilguni (2003), ‘Public space in Pompeii’ in G. Malm, ed. Toward an archaeology of buildings : contexts and concepts (Oxford: Archaeopress): 31-9.

Bon, S.E. and Jones, R., eds. (1997) Sequence and space in Pompeii; Oxford

S.J.R. Ellis (2004), ‘The distribution of bars at Pompeii: archaeological, spatial and viewshed analysis’ in Journal of Roman archaeology.. 17: 371-384.

J. Hartnett (2008) ‘ Si quis hic sederit : Streetside Benches and Urban Society in Pompeii ’ in The American journal of archaeology. 112: 91-120.

* Ray Laurence (1994 / 2007), Roman Pompeii : space and society (London: Routledge).  

A. van Nes (2011), 'Measuring spatial visibility, adjacent, permeability and degrees of street life in Pompeii' in R. Laurence and D. Newsome, eds. Rome, Ostia, Pompeii : movement and space 100-117.

Raper, R.A. (1977), ‘The analysis of the urban structure of Pompeii: a sociological examination of land use (semi-micro)’ in Clarke, D.L., ed., Spatial archaeology, London: Academic Press: 189-221.

Raper, R.A. (1979), ‘Pompeii, planning and social implications’ in Burnham, B.C. and Kingsbury, J., eds., Space, hierarchy and society : interdisciplinary studies in social area analysis; pp. 137-148.

* Robinson, D. (1997), ‘The social texture of Pompeii’ in Bon, S.E. and Jones, R., eds. Sequence and space in Pompeii; Oxford; pp. 35-144. Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE.  

Wallace-Hadrill, A. (1995), ‘Public honour and private shame: the urban texture of Pompeii’ in Cornell, T.J. and Lomas, K., eds Urban society in Roman Italy, London: UCL Press: 39-62.

Westfall, C. W. (2007) ‘Urban Planning, Roads, Streets, and Neighborhoods’, The world of Pompeii, J. Dobbins and P. Foss, eds., Routledge: New York, 129-39.

Other cities

R. Meiggs (1973), Roman Ostia. (Oxford. Second edition)

A. Claridge, ed. (1996), 'Roman Ostia' revisited : archaeological and historical papers in memory of Russell Meiggs (London)

H. Stöger. (2008), 'Roman Ostia: Space Syntax and the Domestication of Space', in Layers of perception : proceedings of the 35th International Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (CAA), Berlin, Germany, April 2-6, 2007 322-327.

H. Stöger (2009), 'Clubs and Lounges at Roman Ostia. The Spatial Organisation of a Boomtown Phenomenon (Space Syntax Applied to the Study of Second Century AD 'Guild Buildings' at a Roman Town Port)', in  Proceedings of the 7th International Space Syntax Symposium, Stockholm. Available online at http://www.sss7.org/Proceedings/03%20Spatial%20Analysis%20and%20Architectural%20Theory/108_Stoeger.pdf

* H. Stöger (2012), Rethinking Ostia : a spatial enquiry into the urban society of Rome's imperial port-town (Leiden: Leiden University Press).

* A. Kaiser (2000), The urban dialogue : an analysis of the use of space in the Roman city of Empúries, Spain (BAR Int. Series 901. Oxford: Archaeopress).  

 

Top of page

SEMINAR FOUR - Civic religion

General

Mary Beard, J. North and S. Price (1998), Religions of Rome.

John Stambaugh (1978), ‘The functions of Roman temples’ in Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt (ANRW) 2.16.1; pp. 554-608.

* Muccigrosso, J. ‘Religion and politics: did the Romans scruple about the placement of their temples? ’ in Schultz, C.E. and Harvey, P.B, eds. Religion in republican Italy, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2006: 181-206.  

G.D. Woolf (1997), 'Polis-religion and its alternatives in the Roman provinces' in H. Cancik & J. Rüpke (edd.), Römische Reichsreligion und Provinzialreligion: 71-84

A. Zuiderhoek (2017), The Ancient City (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) - chapter 6, 'Civic ritual and civic identity'
 
 

Capitolia (i.e. temples to Jupiter, Juno and Minerva)

Ian M. Barton (1982), ‘Capitoline temples in Italy and the provinces (especially Africa)’ in Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt (ANRW) 2.12.1; pp. 259-342.

M. Todd (1985), ‘Forum and Capitolium in the early empire’ in F. Grew and B. Hobley, eds. Roman urban topography in Britain and the Western Empire : proceedings of the third conference on urban archaeology organized jointly by the CBA and the Department of Urban Archaeology of the Museum of London: 56-66.

* Josephine Crawley Quinn and Andrew Wilson (2013). 'Capitolia' in The journal of Roman studies., 103: 117-173.

The imperial cult

Duncan Fishwick (1987-1992), The imperial cult in the Latin west : studies in the ruler cult of the western provinces of the Roman Empire; Leiden (4 volumes).

Simon Price (1984), Rituals and power : the Roman imperial cult in Asia Minor

A. Small (1996), Subject and ruler : the cult of the ruling power in classical antiquity : papers presented at a conference held in the University of Alberta on April 13-15, 1994, to celebrate the 65th anniversary of Duncan Fishwick (JRA supplement no. 17, Portsmouth, RI: JRA). See especially articles on Athens (by M. Hoff) and Ephesus.

H. Whittaker (2002), ‘Some reflections on the Temple of the goddess Roma and Augustus on the acropolis at Athens’ in E.N. Ostenfeld (ed.), Greek Romans and Roman Greeks : studies in cultural interaction (Aarhus); pp. 25-3

Italy

J.Th. Bakker (1994), Living and working with the gods : studies of evidence for private religion and its material environment in the city of Ostia (100-500 AD); Amsterdam. (Review by R.E.A. Palmer in JRA (1996), pp. 381-385).

E. Fentress (1994), ‘Cosa in the Empire: the Unmaking of a Roman Town’, in Journal of Roman archaeology. 7: 208-22

K. Lomas (1996), Roman Italy, 338 BC-AD 200 : a sourcebook (London) - ch. 7

The western provinces

Barry Cunliffe (1995), Roman Bath (revised edition)

Ton Derks (1998), Gods, temples and religious practices : transformation of religious ideas and values in Roman Gaul.

A.C. King (1990), ‘The emergence of Romano-Celtic religion’ in T.F.C. Blagg and M. Millett, eds. The early Roman Empire in the west; Oxford; pp. 220-241.

Louise Revell (2007), ‘Religion and ritual in the western provinces’, in Greece and Rome., 54.2: 210-228.

J. Webster (1997), ‘A negotiated syncretism: readings on the development of Romano-Celtic religion’ in D.J. Mattingly, ed. Dialogues in Roman imperialism : power, discourse, and discrepant experience in the Roman Empire (JRA supplement no. 23): 165-184.

G. Woolf (1998), Becoming Roman : the origins of provincial civilization in Gaul (Cambridge) – ch. 8.

William E. Mierse (1999), Temples and towns in Roman Iberia : the social and architectural dynamics of sanctuary designs from the third century B.C. to the third century A.D. (Berkeley: UCP).

The Greek-speaking eastern provinces

Susan E. Alcock (1993) Graecia capta : the landscapes of Roman Greece – chapter, ‘Sacred Landscape’.

H. Koester, ed. (1995), Ephesos, metropolis of Asia : an interdisciplinary approach to its archaeology, religion, and culture (Harvard Theological Studies 41: Valley Forge) – see articles by D. Knibbe (Artemis Ephesia) and H. Thür (processional way).

N. Lewis (1983), Life in Egypt under Roman rule (Oxford) - chapter 5

* S. Mitchell (1990), ‘Festivals, games and civic life in Roman Asia Minor’ in The journal of Roman studies.. 80; pp. 183-193.  

Onno M. van Nijf (1999) 'Athletics, festivals and Greek identity in the Roman East' in Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society., 45: 175-200.

Onno M. van Nijf (2001), ‘Local heroes: athletics, festivals and elite self-fashioning in the Roman East’ in S. Goldhill, ed., Being Greek under Rome : cultural identity, the Second Sophistic and the development of empire (Cambridge: CUP): 306-334.

* G. McL. Rogers (1991), ‘Demosthenes of Oenoanda and the models of euergetism’, in The journal of Roman studies. 81: 91-100.

G. M. Rogers (1991), The sacred identity of Ephesos : foundation myths of a Roman city.

A.J.S. Spawforth (1989), ‘Agonistic festivals in Roman Greece’ in A.M. Cameron & S. Walker (edd.), The Greek renaissance in the Roman Empire : papers from the tenth British Museum Classical Colloquium (London): 193-7.

Books which contain suitable city plans for the seminar

Charles Gates (2003) Ancient cities : the archaeology of urban life in the ancient Near East and Egypt, Greece and Rome (London: Routledge).

J. W. Hanson (2016), An Urban Geography of the Roman World, 100 BC to AD 300 (Archaeopress Roman Archaeology 18).

R. Laurence, S. Esmonde Cleary and G. Sears (2011), The city in the Roman west, c.250 BC-c.AD 250 (Cambridge: CUP).

W.L. MacDonald (1986), The architecture of the Roman Empire volume II: an urban appraisal (New Haven and London: Yale University Press).

C. McEvedy (2011), Cities of the classical world : an atlas and gazetteer of 120 centres of ancient civilization (London: Allen Lane).

John Wacher (1997), The towns of Roman Britain (London: Routledge).

G.M. Woloch (1983), Roman cities = Les villes romaines (Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press).

 

Top of page

LECTURE TEN - Spectacles and their buildings

General

K. Coleman (2000) ‘Entertaining Rome’, in J. Coulston and H. Dodge (eds), Ancient Rome : the archaeology of the eternal city (Oxbow Books: Oxford); pp. 210-58.

* H. Dodge (2011), Spectacle in the Roman world (Bristol: Bristol Classical Press)  

Frézouls, E. (1990), ‘Les monuments des spectacles dans la ville: théâtre et amphithéâtre’ in Domergue, C., Landes, C. & Pailler, J.-M., eds, Spectacula. I, Gladiateurs et amphithéâtres : actes du colloque tenu à Toulouse et à Lattes les 26, 27, 28 et 29 mai 1987 (Actes du colloque tenu à Toulouse et à Lattes, les 26, 27, 28, et 29 mai 1987), Lattes: Éditions Imago: 77-92.

* Futrell, A. (2006), The Roman games : a sourcebook ( Malden, MA and Oxford: Blackwell).  

K. Hopkins (1983), Death and renewal (Cambridge: CUP) - see p. 1-30, ‘Murderous Games’.

* David J. Mattingly and D. S. Potter (1999) Life, death, and entertainment in the Roman Empire (Ann Arbor) – see esp. Dodge, ‘Amusing the Masses…’: 205-55.

M. Wistrand (1992), Entertainment and violence in ancient Rome : the attitude of Roman writers of the first century A.D. (Göteborg, Sweden).

Amphitheatres

* D. Bomgardner (2000), The story of the Roman amphitheatre (London: Routledge).

C. Domergue, C. Landes and J.-M. Pailler, eds. (1990), Spectacula. I, Gladiateurs et amphithéâtres : actes du colloque tenu à Toulouse et à Lattes les 26, 27, 28 et 29 mai 1987; Éditions Imago, Lattes.

A. Futrell (1997), Blood in the arena : the spectacle of Roman power; University of Texas Press, Austin.

J.C. Golvin (1988), L’Amphithéâtre Romain: Essai sur la Théorisation de sa Forme et de ses Fonctions (Paris: Diffusion de Boccard). Review in Journal of Roman archaeology.. 4; pp. 272-281.

D.G. Kyle (1998), Spectacles of death in ancient Rome (London: Routledge).

E. Köhne and C. Ewigleben (2000), Gladiators and Caesars : the power of spectacle in ancient Rome (London: British Museum)

* R. Laurence, S. Esmonde Cleary and G. Sears (2011), The city in the Roman west, c.250 BC-c.AD 250 (Cambridge: CUP) - chapter 10.  

Paul Veyne (1990), Bread and circuses : historical sociology and political pluralism (London: Penguin)

K. Welch (1994), ‘The Roman Arena in Late-Republican Italy: a new interpretation’, in Journal of Roman archaeology.. 7: 80-99

Thomas Wiedemann (1992), Emperors and gladiators (London: Routledge)

Theatres

* R. Beacham (1991), The Roman theatre and its audience; Cambridge, MA.

Mary T. Boatwright (1990), ‘Theaters in the Roman Empire’ in The biblical archaeologist.. 53. 4: 184-192.

J.A. Hanson (1959), Roman theater-temples (Princeton: PUP).

* R. Laurence, S. Esmonde Cleary and G. Sears (2011), The city in the Roman west, c.250 BC-c.AD 250 (Cambridge: CUP) - chapter 9.  

E. Rawson (1987), ‘Discrimina ordinum: the lex Julia Theatralis’ in Papers of the British School at Rome. 55; pp. 83-114.

F.B. Sear (1990), ‘The theatre at Leptis Magna and the development of Roman theatre design’ in Journal of Roman archaeology. 3; pp. 376-383.

Circuses

F. Heintz (1998) ‘Circus curses and their archaeological contexts’ in Journal of Roman archaeology.. 11: 337-42.

* J.H. Humphrey (1986), Roman circuses : arenas for chariot racing.; Batsford  

 

Top of page

LECTURE ELEVEN - Water and its uses

Aqueducts - Rome

Frontinus, The Aqueducts of Rome: available as a Loeb translation by Charles E. Bennett (1925, London: W. Heinemann; New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons).

Vitruvius, On Architecture book 8: available as a Loeb translation by Frank Granger (2014, Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press).

J. DeLaine (1996), ‘De aquis suis? The commentarius of Frontinus’ in Les littératures techniques dans l'antiquité romaine : statut, public et destination, tradition : Vandœuvres-Genève, 21-25 août 1995 : sept exposés suivis de discussions, Entretines sur l’Antiquité Classique 42 (Vandoeuvres-Genève): pp. 117-145.

* H. Dodge (2000), ‘“Greater than the Pyramids”: the water supply of ancient Rome’ in Jon Coulston and Hazel Dodge, eds. Ancient Rome : the archaeology of the eternal city (Oxford Archaeological Monographs no. 54); pp. 166-209.  

H. Evans (1994), Water distribution in ancient Rome : the evidence of Frontinus.

R. Taylor (2000) Public needs and private pleasures : water distribution, the Tiber river and the urban development of ancient Rome (Rome: “L’Erma” di Bretschneider)

Aqueducts - general / elsewhere

* A.T. Hodge (1992), Roman aqueducts & water supply (London: Duckworth)  

* A. O. Koloski-Ostrow, ed. (2001), Water use and hydraulics in the Roman city (Kendall Hunt, Boston MA)

Ph. Leveau (2001), 'Aqueduct building: financing and costs' in D.R. Blackman & A.T. Hodge, eds., Frontinus' legacy : essays on Frontinus' De aquis urbis Romae (Michigan): 85-100

M. Lewis (1999), ‘Vitruvius and Greek aqueducts’ in Papers of the British School at Rome.. 54: pp. 145-172.

S. MacReady and F.H. Thompson, eds. (1987), Roman architecture in the Greek world – articles by J. Coulton (aqueducts in Asia Minor) and S. Walker (Nymphaea).

A. I. Wilson (1998) ‘Water supply in ancient Carthage’ in Carthage papers : the early colony's economy, water supply, a public bath, and the mobilization of state olive oil (Portsmouth, RI: JRA supplement no. 28): pp. 65-102.

R.J.A. Wilson (1996), ‘Tot aquarum tam multis necessariis molibus… Recent studies on aqueducts and water supply’ in Journal of Roman archaeology. 9; pp. 5-29.

Baths and gymnasia

J. DeLaine (1988), ‘Recent research on Roman baths’ in Journal of Roman archaeology.. 1; pp. 11-32.

J. DeLaine and D.E. Johnston, eds. (1999), Roman baths and bathing : proceedings of the first International Conference on Roman Baths, held at Bath, England, 30 March - 4 April 1992.

J. Delorme, Gymnasion : étude sur les monuments consacrés à l'éducation en Grèce (des origines à l'Empire romain) (des origines à l'Empire Romain) (Paris 1960)

G.G. Fagan (1999) Bathing in public in the Roman world. Ann Arbor.

* R. Laurence, S. Esmonde Cleary and G. Sears (2011), The city in the Roman west, c.250 BC-c.AD 250 (Cambridge: CUP) - chapter 8.  

F.K. Yegül (1986) The bath-gymnasium complex at Sardis (Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press)

* F.K. Yegül (1992), Baths and bathing in classical antiquity; Cambridge MA  

 

Top of page

LECTURE TWELVE - Economic activity in the city

Trade, markets and trade associations

J.M. Frayn (1993), Markets and fairs in Roman Italy : their social and economic importance from the second century BC to the third century AD (Clarendon Press: Oxford).

P. Garnsey, K. Hopkins and C.R. Whittaker, eds. (1983), Trade in the ancient economy.

K. Hopkins (1981) ‘Taxes and Trade in the Roman Empire (200 BC – AD 400)’, in The journal of Roman studies. 70: 101–125.

K. Hopkins (1983), ‘Models, Ships and Staples’ in Garnsey, P. and Whittaker, C.R. (eds.), Trade and famine in classical antiquity; pp. 84-109.

J. S. Kloppenborg and S. G. Wilson, eds.(1996) Voluntary associations in the Graeco-Roman world London and New York

F. Meijer and O. van Nijf (1992), Trade, transport and society in the ancient world : a sourcebook.

R. Tomber (1993), ‘Quantitative approaches to the investigation of long-distance exchange’ in Journal of Roman archaeology.. 6; pp. 142-166.

* H. Parkins and C.J. Smith, eds. (1998), Trade, traders, and the ancient city; Routledge, London - various articles of interest, but especially those by R. Laurence (‘Land transport - costs’ 129-148), J. Paterson, (‘Trade and traders - organisation’ 149-167) and R. Alston (‘…Roman Egypt’ 168-202).  

O. van Nijf, (1997) . The civic world of professional associations in the Roman East. Amsterdam.

Urban artisans and production

P. Erdkamp (2012) in W. Scheidel, ed. The Cambridge Companion to the Roman Economy (Cambridge: CUP)

P. Garnsey, ed. (1980), Non-slave labour in the Greco-Roman world (Cambridge: CUP)

C. Hawkins (2016), Roman Artisans and the urban economy (Cambridge: CUP)

* A. MacMahon and J. Price, eds. (2005), Roman working lives and urban living (Oxford: Oxbow Books).  

* D. J. Mattingly and J. Salmon, eds. (2000) Economies beyond agriculture in the classical world (London: Routledge)

D.P.S. Peacock (1982), Pottery in the Roman world : an ethnoarchaeological approach, London: Longman.

A. Wallace-Hadrill (1991) ‘Elites and trade in the Roman town’ in John Rich and A. Wallace-Hadrill, eds, City and country in the ancient world

A. Wilson and M. Flohr, eds. (2016), Urban Craftsmen and Traders in the Roman World (Oxford: OUP) - see esp. chapters 5 (Ruffing on specialisation), 7 (Monteix on Pompeian bakeries), 11 (Tran on social organisation), 12 (Arnaoutoglou on professional associations). 13 (Goodman on artisanal clusters), 14 (Droß-Krüpe on textile production) and 16 (Poblome on the potters of Sagalassos).  

* A. Zuiderhoek (2017), The Ancient City (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) - chapter 6, 'The Urban Economy'

Pompeii

S. Ellis (2004). ‘The distribution of bars at Pompeii: archaeological, spatial and viewshed analyses’, Journal of Roman archaeology.. 17: 371-384.

S. Ellis (2011), ' Pes Dexter: superstition and the state in the shaping of shopfronts and street activity in the Roman world' in R. Laurence and D. Newsome, eds. Rome, Ostia, Pompeii : movement and space 160-73.

M. Flohr (2007). ‘ Nec quicquam ingenuum habere potest officina? Spatial contexts of urban production at Pompeii, AD 79’, in Babesch. Bulletin antieke beschaving 82: 129-148.

W. Jongman (1988), The economy and society of Pompeii.

* Ray Laurence (1994), Roman Pompeii : space and society – see chapter 4, 'Production and consumption'.  

McCallum, M. (2011). ‘Pottery production in Pompeii: an overview’, in E. Poehler, M. Flohr and K. Cole (eds.), Pompeii : art, industry and infrastructure. Oxford, 103-114.

W.O. Moeller (1976), The wool trade of ancient Pompeii (Leiden: E.J. Brill).

Peña, J.T. and McCallum, M. ‘The production and distribution of pottery at Pompeii: a review of the evidence.  Part 1: production’ in The American journal of archaeology. 112, 2009: 57-79.

F. Pirson (2007). ‘Shops and industries’, in J. J. Dobbins and P. W. Foss (eds.), The world of Pompeii. London and New York, 457-473.

E. Poehler (2011), 'Where to park? Carts, stables and the economics of transport in Pompeii' in R. Laurence and D. Newsome, eds. Rome, Ostia, Pompeii : movement and space: 194-214.

Robinson, D. (2005). ‘Re-thinking the social organisation of trade and industry in first century AD Pompeii’, in A. Mac Mahon and J. Price (eds.), Roman working lives and urban living.Oxford, 88-105.

H. Stöger (2011), 'The spatial organisation of the movement economy: the analysis of Ostia's Scholae ' in R. Laurence and D. Newsome, eds. Rome, Ostia, Pompeii : movement and space: 215-242.

Other specific cities / provinces

A. Mac Mahon (2005), ‘The shops and workshops of Roman Britain’, in A. Mac Mahon and J. Price (eds.), Roman working lives and urban living. Oxford, 48-69.

G. Hermansen (1981), Ostia : aspects of Roman city life (Edmonton: University of Alberta Press).

R. Meiggs (1973), Roman Ostia. (2nd edn.) - see chapter 13.

Neville Morley (1996), Metropolis and hinterland : the city of Rome and the Italian economy, 200 B.C.-A.D. 200 – on Rome specifically.

Andrew Wilson (1999), ‘Commerce and industry in Roman Sabratha’ in Libyan studies : select papers of the late R.G. Goodchild 30; pp. 29-52.

A.I. Wilson (2000), ‘Timgad and textile production’ in Mattingly, D.J. and Salmon, J., eds Economies beyond agriculture in the classical world (Routledge: London): 271-96.

A.I. Wilson (2002), “Urban production in the Roman world: the view from North Africa”, in Papers of the British School at Rome. 70; pp. 231-73  

 

Top of page

SEMINAR FIVE - The urban periphery

General

Bedon, R., ed. (1998a), Les villes et leurs faubourgs en Gaule romaine. (Dossiers de l’Archéologie 237. Dijon: Éditions Faton).

E. Champlin (1982), ‘The suburbium of Rome’ in American Journal of Ancient History.. 7; pp. 97-117.

Esmonde Cleary, S. (1985), ‘The quick and the dead: suburbs, cemeteries, and the town’ in Grew, F. and Hobley, B., eds, Roman urban topography in Britain and the Western Empire : proceedings of the third conference on urban archaeology organized jointly by the CBA and the Department of Urban Archaeology of the Museum of London (London: CBA).

Esmonde Cleary, S. (1987), Extra-mural areas of Romano-British towns (BAR British Series 169), Oxford: BAR publications.

* P.J. Goodman (2006), The Roman city and its periphery : from Rome to Gaul (London: Routledge)  

* P.J. Goodman (2016), 'Urban Peripheries' in A.E. Cooley, ed. A Companion to Roman Italy (Malden and Oxford: Wiley Blackwell): 308-329.  

C. van Tilburg (2008), 'Gates, suburbs and traffic in the Roman empire' in Babesch. Bulletin antieke beschaving 83: 133-147.

Rome

E. Champlin (1982), ‘The suburbium of Rome’ in American Journal of Ancient History.. 7; pp. 97-117.

A. La Regina (2001-? ), Lexicon topographicum urbis Romae : suburbium (4 volumes so far), Roma: Edizioni Quasar.

N. Morley (1996), Metropolis and hinterland : the city of Rome and the Italian economy, 200 B.C.-A.D. 200, 200 BC – AD 200 (London: Routledge) – see esp. chapter 4.

Patterson, J.R. (2000) ‘On the margins of the city of Rome’, in Hope, V.M. and Marshall, E., eds. Death and disease in the ancient city, New York and London, Routledge: 85-103.

R. E. Witcher (2005) 'The extended metropolis : urbs, suburbium and population', in Journal of Roman archaeology.. 18: 120-138.

Other specific cities

Hay, S., Johnson, P., Keay, S. and Millett, M. ‘Falerii Novi: further survey of the northern extramural area’ in Papers of the British School at Rome. 78, 2010: 1-38.

R. Laurence, S. Esmonde Cleary and G. Sears (2011), The city in the Roman west, c.250 BC-c.AD 250 (Cambridge: CUP).

A. Martin, M. Heinzelmann, E.C. De Sena, and M.G. Granino Cerere (2002) , 'The Urbanistic Project on the Previously Unexcavated Areas of Ostia (DAI-AAR 1996-2001)' in Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome. 47: 259-304

Meer, L.B. van der, Stevens, N.L.C. and Stöger, H. (2005) ‘Domus Fulminata: The House of the Thunderbolt at Ostia (III, vii, 3-5)’ in Babesch 80: 91-111. This is available to read online here.

R. Meiggs (1973), Roman Ostia. (Oxford. Second edition)

Ostia Antica: topographical dictionary - interactive website where you can explore details of all buildings in Roman Ostia via clickable maps.

G. Sears (2011), The cities of Roman Africa (The History Press).

Scagliarini, D. (1991), ‘Bologna (Bononia) and its suburban territory’ in Barker, G. and Lloyd, J., eds, Roman landscapes : archaeological survey in the Mediterranean region (London: The British School at Rome): 88-95.

Tombs and cemeteries

J. Bodel (1996), ‘Death on Display: Looking at Roman Funerals’ in B. Bergmann & H. Flower (1996) Ancestor masks and aristocratic power in Roman culture

Graham, E.-J (2005), ‘The quick and the dead in the extra-urban landscape: the Roman cemetery at Ostia / Portus as a lived environment’ in Bruhn, J., Croxford, B. and Grigoropoulos, G., eds. TRAC 2004 : proceedings of the Fourteenth Annual Theoretical Roman Archaeology Conference which took place at the University of Durham 26-27 March 2004, Oxford, Oxbow: 133-43.

* V.M. Hope and E. Marshall, eds. (2000), Death and disease in the ancient city (London: Routledge) – esp. chapters by Patterson, Hope, Bodel and Lindsay.

K. Hopkins (1983), "Death in Rome" in K. Hopkins, Death and renewal, ch. 4.

J.R. Patterson (1992), ‘Patronage, collegia and burial in Imperial Rome’, in S. Bassett Death in towns : urban responses to the dying and the dead, 100-1600 (Leicester: Leicester University Press) 15-27

Purcell, N. (1987), ‘Tomb and suburb’ in Hesberg, H. von and Zanker, P., eds, Römische Gräberstrassen Selbstdarstellung - Status - Standard, Munich: Bayerische Akademie des Wissenschaften: 25-41.

J.M.C. Toynbee (1971), Death and burial in the Roman world; London: Thames & Hudson.

 

Top of page

LECTURE THIRTEEN - City and territory

Cato and Varro On Agriculture: available together in a single Loeb volume with a translation by William Davis Hooper (2014, Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press).

Columella, On Agriculture: available in a Loeb translation by Harrison Boyd Ash, E.S. Forster and Edward H. Heffner (2014, Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press).

Pliny the Elder, Natural History book 18 on agriculture: available in a Loeb translation by H. Rackham. (1938-1963, London : Heinemann ; Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press).

General

G. Barker and J. Lloyd, eds. (1991), Roman landscapes : archaeological survey in the Mediterranean region (London: British School at Rome) – see especially introductory chapter by G. Barker.

* A. K. Bowman and A. I. Wilson (eds), Settlement, urbanization, and population, Oxford Studies in the Roman Economy 2. Oxford University Press, Oxford - see esp. chapters 3 by Witcher and 10 by Keay & Earl.

Lin Foxhall (1990), ‘The Dependent Tenant: Land Leasing and Labour in Italy and Greece’ in The journal of Roman studies. 80; pp. 97–114.

K. Greene (1986), The archaeology of the Roman economy – chapter 5.

J. Rich and A. Wallace-Hadrill (1991), City and country in the ancient world (London: Routledge)

F. Vermeulen, G.J. Burgers, S. Keay and C. Corsi, eds (2012), Urban landscape survey in Italy and the Mediterranean (Oxford: Oxbow Books)

* A. Zuiderhoek (2017), The Ancient City (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) - chapter 3, 'City and Country'
 
 

Rome and Italy

P.D.A. Garnsey (1979), ‘Where did Italian peasants live? ’ in Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society. n.s. 25; pp. 1-25.

D.P. Kehoe (1989), ‘Approaches to Economic Problems in the Letters of Pliny the Younger: the Question of Risk in Agriculture’ in Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt (ANRW) II.33.1; pp. 555-90

* John R. Patterson (2006), Landscapes and cities : rural settlement and civic transformation in early imperial Italy (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press).

T.W. Potter (1979), The changing landscape of south Etruria; Paul Elek, London.

JJ. Rossiter (1981), ‘Wine and oil processing at Roman farms in Italy’ in Phoenix. 35; pp. 345-361.

B. Ward-Perkins, N. Mills, D. Gadd, C. Delano (1986), ‘Luni and the Ager Lunensis: the rise and fall of a Roman town and its territory’, in Papers of the British School at Rome. 54: 81-146

A.I. Wilson (1999), ‘Deliveries extra urbem: aqueducts and the countryside’ in Journal of Roman archaeology. 12: 314-31.

R. Witcher (2016), 'Agricultural production in Roman Italy' in A.E. Cooley, ed. A Companion to Roman Italy (Malden and Oxford: Wiley Blackwell): 459-482.

A. Launaro (2011), Peasants and slaves : the rural population of Roman Italy (200 BC to AD 100). (Cambridge: CUP).

Eastern provinces

* S. Alcock (1993), Graecia capta : the landscapes of Roman Greece.

W. Ball (2000), Rome in the East : the transformation of an empire (London) – chapter 6

D.P. Kehoe (1992), Management and investment on estates in Roman Egypt during the early empire (Bonn). Review by D. Rathbone at Journal of Roman archaeology.. 7 (1994), 432-6.

D. Rathbone (1991), Economic Rationalism and Rural Society in Third-Century AD Egypt. The Heroninos Archive and the Appianus Estate (Cambridge: CUP). Review by D.P. Kehoe at Journal of Roman archaeology. 6 (1993), 476-84.

T.H. Van Andels and C.N. Runnels (1987), Beyond the Acropolis : a rural Greek past.

Western provinces

G. Barker, D. Gilbertson, G. Jones and D. J. Mattingly, eds. (1996), Farming the desert : the UNESCO Libyan Valleys Archaeological Survey – 2 vols; Paris, Tripoli and London.

J.M. Carrete, S. Keay and M. Millett (1995), A Roman provincial capital and its hinterland : the survey of the territory of Tarragona, Spain, 1985-1990 (Portsmouth, RI: Journal of Roman Archaeology. JRA supplement no. 15).

V. L. Gaffney and R. H. White with H. Goodchild (2007), Wroxeter, the Cornovii, and the urban process : final report on the Wroxeter Hinterland project, 1994-1997 Volume 1: Researching The Hinterland (Journal of Roman Archaeology supplementary series no. 68).

R. Hingley (1989), Rural settlement in Roman Britain.

I. Hodder and M. Millett (1981), ‘Romano-British villas and towns: a systematic analysis’ in World archaeology. 12; pp. 69-76.

A. King (1990), Roman Gaul and Germany – chapter 4.

P. Leveau (1996), ‘The Barbegal watermill in its environment: archaeology and the economic and social history of antiquity’, in Journal of Roman archaeology.. 9; pp. 137-53.

* D.J. Mattingly (1995), Tripolitania. Batsford, London – chapter 7.  

Farms and villas - general

* John Percival (1976), The Roman villa : an historical introduction (Batsford).

John Percival (1996), ‘Houses in the Country’ in Ian M. Barton, ed. Roman domestic buildings (University of Exeter Press); pp.65-90.

J.T. Smith (1997), Roman villas : a study in social structure

K.D. White (1970), Roman farming (London)

Secondary settlements

* B.C. Burnham and J. Wacher (1990), The 'small towns' of Roman Britain; B.T. Batsford, Ltd., London.

Johnson, P., Keay, S., Millett, M. 2004. 'Lesser urban sites in the Tiber Valley: Baccanae, Forum Cassii and Castellum Amerinum' in Papers of the British School at Rome.. 72: 69-100

M. Rorison (2001), Vici in Roman Gaul (BAR Int. Series 933); Archaeopress, Oxford.

* G. Woolf (1996), Becoming Roman : the origins of provincial civilization in Gaul (Cambridge: CUP): 126 ff.

 

Top of page

LECTURE FOURTEEN - City and empire

Transport, communications and connections

J.H. D'Arms and E.C. Kopff (1980), The Seaborne commerce of ancient Rome : studies in archaeology and history

* A. K. Bowman and A. I. Wilson (eds), Settlement, urbanization, and population, Oxford Studies in the Roman Economy 2. Oxford University Press, Oxford - see esp. chapter 9 by Hanson.  

L. Casson (1994), Ships and seamanship in the ancient world

R. Chevallier (1976), Roman roads (London).

* R. Laurence (1999), The roads of Roman Italy : mobility and cultural change (London: Routledge)

ORBIS: The Stanford Geospatial Network of the Roman World - this website allows you to model journey times between any two cities in the Roman empire, using your choice of route (land, river, sea, etc.)

Civic pride and competition

R.P. Duncan-Jones (1985), ‘Who paid for public buildings in Roman cities? ’ in Grew F. and Hobley, B., eds. Roman urban topography in Britain and the Western Empire : proceedings of the third conference on urban archaeology organized jointly by the CBA and the Department of Urban Archaeology of the Museum of London (London: CBA): 28-33. Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE.

S.S. Frere (1985), 'Civic Pride: a factor in Roman town planning' in F. Grew and B. Hobley (eds.) Roman urban topography in Britain and the Western Empire : proceedings of the third conference on urban archaeology organized jointly by the CBA and the Department of Urban Archaeology of the Museum of London. Council for British Archaeology, London.

* R. Laurence, S. Esmonde Cleary and G. Sears (2011), The city in the Roman west, c.250 BC-c.AD 250 (Cambridge: CUP) - chapter 5.

Cities and emperors

M.T. Boatwright (2000), Hadrian and the cities of the Roman empire (Princeton)

Kathryn Lomas and Tim Cornell, eds. (2003), 'Bread and circuses' : euergetism and municipal patronage in Roman Italy - see esp. chapter by J. Patterson on the emperors in Italy.

F.G.B. Millar (1977), The emperor in the Roman world (London, 2nd ed. 1992) – ch. 7.

F.G.B. Millar (1983), ‘Empire and city, Augustus to Julian: obligations, excuses and status’, in The journal of Roman studies. 73: 76-96 = F. Millar (2004), Government, society, and culture in the Roman Empire (Chapel Hill): 336-71.

J. Nicols (1978), ‘The emperor and the selection of the patronus civitatis: two examples’, Chiron. 8: 429-32.

E. Thomas (2007), Monumentality and the Roman Empire : architecture in the Antonine age (Oxford: OUP) – esp. chapter 7.

Imperial home-towns

Rodríguez Hidalgo, J.M. (1995), ‘Recent work at Itálica’ in Cunliffe, B. and Keay, S., eds, Social complexity and the development of towns in Iberia, from the Copper Age to the second century AD. (Proceedings of the British Academy, no. 86), Oxford: Oxford University Press: 395-420.

R. Syme (1979), "Hadrian and Italica," in Roman papers II (Oxford, 1979) 617-28

J.B. Ward-Perkins (1993), The Severan buildings of Lepcis Magna : an architectural survey.

 

Top of page

LECTURE FIFTEEN - After antiquity: what happened to Roman urbanism?

Late antiquity - historical context

* A. Cameron (1993), The later Roman Empire, AD 284-430; Cambridge: Harvard.

A.H.M. Jones (1966), The decline of the ancient world (London).

Michael Maas (2000), Readings in late antiquity : a sourcebook (London: Routledge).

W. Pohl, ed. (1997), Kingdoms of the empire : the integraton of barbarians in late antiquity; Amsterdam.

* Bryan Ward-Perkins (2005), The fall of Rome : and the end of civilization (Oxford, OUP).

Cities in late antiquity

T.S. Burns & J.W. Eadie, eds. (2001), Urban centers and rural contexts in late antiquity; Michigan

N. Christie and S.T. Loseby (1996), Towns in transition : urban evolution in late antiquity and the early Middle Ages; Scolar, Aldershot.

N. Christie (2011), The fall of the Western Roman Empire : an archaeological and historical perspective (Bloomsbury Academic Press) - chapter 5.

R. Hodges and B. Hobley, eds, (1988) The rebirth of towns in the West AD 700-1050 : a review of current research into how, when, and why there was a rebirth of towns between 700 and 1050 : based upon papers presented to the Fourth joint CBA/DUA International Conference... held at the Museum of London on 21-23 March, 1986 (CBA Research Report 69), London: Council for British Archaeology

S. Johnson (1983), Late Roman fortifications (London: Batsford)

* R. Laurence, S. Esmonde Cleary and G. Sears (2011), The city in the Roman west, c.250 BC-c.AD 250 (Cambridge: CUP) - chapter 11.  

L. Lavan, ed. (2001), Recent research in late-antique urbanism (Portsmouth, RI: Journal of Roman Archaeology. JRA supplement no. 42) – see esp. articles by Bowden and Crow.

* J.H.W.G. Liebeschuetz (2000), ‘Administration and politics in the cities of the fifth to the mid seventh century: 425-640’ in The Cambridge ancient history. Vol. 14, Late antiquity : empire and successors, AD 425-600; pp. 207-237.

J.H.W.G. Liebeschuetz (2001), Decline and fall of the Roman city; Oxford.

S.T. Loseby (2009), 'Mediterranean cities' in P. Rousseau, ed. A companion to late antiquity (Oxford: Blackwell).

J. Rich, ed. (1992), The city in late antiquity (London: Routledge) – numerous articles of interest. 

D. Sami and G. Speed (2010), Debating urbanism within and beyond the walls, A.D. 300-700 : proceedings of a conference held at the University of Leicester, 15th November 2008 (Leicester Archaeology Monograph 17).

H. Von Petrikovits (1971), 'Fortifications in the northwestern Roman Empire from the third to the fifth centuries AD', in The journal of Roman studies.. 61; pp. 178-218

* B. Ward-Perkins (1998), ‘The cities’ in The Cambridge ancient history. Vol.13, The late empire, A.D. 337-425   

* A. Zuiderhoek (2017), The Ancient City (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) - chapter 10, 'The End of the Ancient City?
 
 

Particular cities or provinces

O. Dally and C. Ratté (2011), Archaeology and the cities of Asia Minor in late antiquity (Kelsey Museum of Archaeology).

M. Fulford (2006), Life and labour in Late Roman Silchester : excavations in Insula IX since 1997 (Roman Society).

M. Kulikowski (2004), Late Roman Spain and its cities (Baltimore)

B. Lançon (2000), Rome in late antiquity : AD 313-604, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

A.G. Poulter (1983-4), ‘Roman towns and the problem of late Roman urbanism: the case of the Lower Danube’, in Hephaistos. 5/6: 109-132

R. Reece (1980), 'Town and country: the end of Roman Britain' in World archaeology.. 12 (1); pp. 77-92.

* A. Rogers (2011), Late Roman towns in Britain : rethinking change and decline (Cambridge: CUP).

* B. Ward-Perkins (1984), From classical antiquity to the Middle Ages : urban public building in northern and central Italy AD 300-850; Oxford.

R. White and P. Barker (1998), Wroxeter : life and death of a Roman city (Stroud: Tempus).

Christianity

W. Bowden (2001), ‘A new urban élite? Church builders and church building in late-antique Epirus’in L. Lavan (ed.), Recent research in late-antique urbanism (JRA Suppl. 42: Portsmouth R.I.), 57-68

J. Drinkwater and H. Elton, eds. (1992), Fifth-century Gaul : a crisis of identity? (Cambridge: CUP) – see esp. Loseby, ‘Bishops and cathedrals…’, pp. 144-155

J.D. Harries (1992), ‘Christianity and the city in late Roman Gaul’ in J.W. Rich (ed.), The city in late antiquity (London), 77-98

* D. Hunt (1998), ‘The church as a public institution’ in The Cambridge ancient history. Vol.13, The late empire, A.D. 337-425; pp. 238-276.

W.A. Meeks (1983), The first urban Christians : the social world of the Apostle Paul, New Haven and London: Yale University Press.

Medieval and modern responses to the Roman city

F. Haverfield (1913) Ancient town-planning

* Ray Laurence (1993), ‘Architects, Planners and the Classical City’ in History today. 43.1

Ray Laurence (1999) ‘Tourism, Town Planning and Romanitas: Rimini's Roman Heritage’, in M. Biddiss & M. Wyke (edd.) The uses and abuses of antiquity (Peter Lang: London): 187-205.

D. Nicholas (1997), The growth of the medieval city : from late antiquity to the early fourteenth century (London)

This list was last updated on 19/09/2017