Leeds University Library

HIST2170
Module Reading List

Patient Voices: Medicine and Healthcare in the Middle Ages, 2017/18, Semester 1
Dr Iona Mccleery
i.mccleery@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Please note that you are not expected to read all these books, so do not be daunted by the length of this bibliography. It reflects the wide range of subjects covered by this course. I recommend that you read as much as possible of sections 1 and 2 and then focus on the sections which relate to your presentation, assignment and exam preparation. For most topics the books in section 2 will contain relevant chapters.Key books in each section are marked with a **

i. Approaches to the history of medicine

**J. Burnham, What is medical history? (Cambridge, 2005)

W.F. Bynum and R. Porter (eds), Companion encyclopedia of the history of medicine , 2 vols (London, 1993)

F. Condrau, ‘The patient’s view meets the clinical gaze’, Social history of medicine . 20 (2007), 525-40

M. Green, ‘Integrative medicine: incorporating medicine and health into the canon of medieval European history’, History compass . 7:4 (2009), 1218-45

Frank Huisman and John Harley Warner (eds) Locating medical history: the stories and their meanings (Baltimore and London, 2004)

I. McCleery, ‘Medical ‘emplotment’ and plotting medicine: health and disease in late medieval Portuguese chronicles’, Social history of medicine 24 (2011), 125-41

I. McCleery, ‘ Both “ illness and temptation of the Enemy”: melancholy, the medieval patient and the writings of King Duarte of Portugal (r. 1433-38)’, Journal of Medieval Iberian studies. 1:2 (2009), 163-78

**R. Porter, ‘The patient’s view: doing medical history from below’, Theory and society 14 (1985), 175-98

R. Porter (ed.), Patients and practitioners : lay perceptions of medicine in pre-industrial society (Cambridge, 1985)

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ii. General works

P.A. Baker, H. Nijdam and K. van't Land (eds), Medicine and space : body, surroundings, and borders in antiquity and the Middle Ages (Leiden, 2012)

S. Campbell, B. Hall and D. Klausner (eds), Health, disease and healing in medieval culture (Toronto, 1992)

L. I. Conrad et al, The western medical tradition, 800 BC to AD 1800 , (Cambridge, 1995)

**R. French, J. Arrizabalaga, A. Cunningham and L. García Ballester (eds), Medicine from the Black Death to the French disease (Aldershot, 1998)

**L. García Ballester, R. French, J. Arrizabalaga and A. Cunningham (eds), Practical medicine from Salerno to the black death (Cambridge, 1994)

F. Getz, Medicine in the English Middle Ages (Princeton, 1998)

J. A. Givens, K. M. Reeds and A. Touwaide (eds), Visualizing medieval medicine and natural history, 1200-1550 (Aldershot, 2006), pp. 1-24 available as an online course reading in the VLE

**F. E. Glaze and B. K. Nance (eds), Between text and patient : the medical enterprise in medieval & early modern Europe (Florence, 2011)

E. Grant, A source book in medieval science (Cambridge, MA, 1974)

M. D. Grmek (ed.), Western medical thought from antiquity to the Middle Ages (Cambridge MA, 1998)

C. Krotzl, K. Mustakallio and J. Kuuliala (eds), Infirmity in antiquity and the Middle ages : social and cultural approaches to health, weakness and care (Farnham, 2015)

I. Loudon (ed.), Western medicine : an illustrated history (Oxford, 1997)

P. M. Jones, Medieval medicine in illuminated manuscripts (London, 1998)

M. R. McVaugh, Medicine before the plague : practitioners and their patients in the Crown of Aragon, 1285-1345 (Cambridge, 1993)

R. Porter (ed.), The Cambridge illustrated history of medicine (Cambridge, 1996)

**C. Rawcliffe, Medicine & society in later medieval England (Stroud, 1995). Chapter 3 available as an online course reading in the VLE

C. Rawcliffe (ed.), Sources for the history of medicine in late medieval England (Kalamazoo, 1995)

**N. Siraisi, Medieval & early Renaissance medicine [electronic resource] : an introduction to knowledge and practice (Chicago, 1990)

A. Van Arsdall and T. Graham (eds), Herbs and healers from the Ancient Mediterranean through the Medieval West : essays in honor of John M. Riddle (Aldershot, 2012)

**F. Wallis (ed.), Medieval medicine : a reader (Toronto, 2010) .

N.K. Yoshikawa (ed.), Medicine, religion and gender in medieval culture (Woodbridge, 2015)

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iii. Background:ancient, early medieval and Islamic medicine

M. C. Cameron, Anglo-Saxon medicine (Cambridge, 1993)

H. King, Greek and Roman medicine (Bristol, 2001)

G. E. R. Lloyd (ed.), Hippocratic writings (Harmondsworth, 1983)

V. Nutton, Ancient medicine (Abingdon and New York, 2004)

P. E. Pormann and E. Savage-Smith, Medieval Islamic medicine (Edinburgh, 2007)

P. N. Singer (trans.) Galen Selected works (Oxford, 1997)

The Year 1000, Social history of medicine. (special issue), 13 (2000)

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iv. Medical theory (see also the section on Learned Medicine below)

**J. Coomans and G. Geltner, ‘On the street and in the bath-house: medieval Galenism in action? ’ Anuario de Estudios Medievales. 43 (2013), 53-82 - Available online: http://estudiosmedievales.revistas.csic.es/index.php/estudiosmedievales/article/viewFile/435/443

L. Demaitre, ‘Theory and practice in medical education at the University of Montpellier in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries’, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences. 30 (1975), 103-23

L. García Ballester, 'On the origin of the ‘six non-natural things’ in Galen', in L. García Ballester, Galen and Galenism : theory and medical practice from antiquity to the European Renaissance (Aldershot, 2002), article IV

P.H. Niebyl, ‘The non-naturals’, Bulletin of the history of medicine. 45 (1971), 486-492. Available as an online course reading in the VLE

V. Nutton, ‘Humoralism’, in W.F. Bynum and R. Porter (eds), Companion encyclopedia of the history of medicine (London, 1993), 1: 281-91

J. M. Riddle, ‘Theory and practice in medieval medicine’, Viator. 5 (1974), 157-84.

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v. Material conditions of life

K. Albala, Eating right in the Renaissance (Berkeley, 2002)

L. C. Arano, Tacuinum sanitatis : the medieval health handbook (New York, 1976)

**M. W. Adamson, Food in medieval times (Westport, Conn. 2004)

M. Barber, The two cities : medieval Europe, 1050-1320 , 2 nd edn ( London and New York , 2004)

S. Bassett (ed.), Death in towns : urban responses to the dying and the dead, 100-1600 , ed. (Leicester, 1992)

C. Beattie, A. Maslakovic and S. Rees Jones (eds), The medieval household in Christian Europe, c.850-c.1550 : managing power, wealth, and the body (Turnhout, 2003)

R. Britnell (ed.), Daily life in the late Middle Ages (Stroud, 1998)

P . Brears, Cooking and dining in medieval England (Totnes, 2008)

M. Carlin and J. T. Rosenthal (eds), Food and eating in medieval Europe (London, 1998)

B. Campbell, The great transition : climate, disease and society in the late Medieval world (Cambridge, 2016)

C. Daniell, Death and burial in medieval England, 1066-1550. (London and New York, 1997)

**C. Dyer, Standards of living in the later Middle Ages : social change in England c.1200-1520 (Cambridge , 1998). Chapter 6 available as an online course reading in the VLE

C. Dyer, Everyday life in medieval England (London, 1994)

S. Farmer, Surviving poverty in medieval Paris : gender, ideology, and the daily lives of the poor (Ithaca and London, 2002)

I. Fay, Health and the city : disease, environment, and government in Norwich, 1200-1575 (Woodbridge, 2015)

G. Geltner, ‘Healthscaping a medieval city: the Curia viarum of Lucca and the future of public health history’, Urban history. 40 (2013), 395-415

R. Hoffman, An environmental history of medieval Europe (Cambridge, 2014) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

N. Howe (ed.), Home and homelessness in the medieval and Renaissance world (Notre Dame, 2004)

M. Kowaleski and P. Goldberg (eds.), Medieval domesticity : home, housing and household in medieval England (Cambridge, 2008)

Mitchell, P. (ed.), Sanitation, latrines and intestinal parasites in past populations (Aldershot, 2015)

A. H. Oliveira Marques, Daily life in Portugal in the late Middle Ages (Madison WI, 1971)

V. Fiorato, A. Boylston and C. Knüsel (eds), Blood red roses : the archaeology of a mass grave from the Battle of Towton AD 1461 ( Oxford , 2000)

**R. Gilchrist, Medieval life : archaeology and the life course (Woodbridge, 2012)

J. Grenville, Medieval housing ( London , 1997)

D. Jørgensen, ‘ “All good rule of the cite”: sanitation and civic government in England, 1400-1600’, Journal of Urban History 36 (2010), 300-315

M. Rubin, ‘The poor’, in: R. Horrox (ed.), Fifteenth-century attitudes : perceptions of society in late medieval England (Cambridge and New York, 1994), 169-82

M. Mollat, The poor in the Middle Ages : an essay in social history (New Haven, 1986)

C. Rawcliffe, Urban bodies : communal health in late medieval English towns and cities (Woodbridge, 2013) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

**C. Roberts and M. Cox, Health & disease in Britain : from prehistory to the present day (Stroud, 2003)(ch. 5)

F. Sabaté (ed.), Medieval urban identity : health, economy and regulation (Newcastle, 2015)

D. Sweeney (ed.), Agriculture in the Middle Ages : technology, practice, and representation (Philadelphia, 1995)

**C. M. Woolgar, D. Serjeantson and T. Waldron (eds), Food in medieval England : diet and nutrition (Oxford , 2006)

C. Woolgar, ‘Food and the Middle Ages’, Journal of Medieval History 36 (2010), 1-19

C. Woolgar, The great household in late medieval England (New Haven, 1999)

C. Woolgar, The culture of food in England, 1200-1500 (New Haven, 2016)

**D. Youngs, The life cycle in Western Europe, c.1300-c.1500 ( Manchester , 2006)

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vi. Patient-practitioner relationship

D. W. Amundsen ‘Medical deontology and pestilential disease in the later Middle Ages’, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences. 32 (1977), 403-21

A. Carlino. ‘Petrarch and the early-modern critics of medicine’, The journal of medieval and Renaissance studies. 35:3 (2005), 559-82

L. C. Chiarelli, ‘A preliminary study on the origins of medical licensing in the medieval Mediterranean’, al-Masāq. 10 (1998), 1-11

L. Demaitre, ‘The art and science of prognostication in early university medicine’, Bulletin of the history of medicine. 77 (2003), 765-88

S. Edgington, ‘Medicine and surgery in the Livre des Assises de la Cour des Bourgeois de Jérusalem, al-Masāq. 17 (2005), 87-97

T. Gelfand, ‘The history of the medical profession’, in: Companion encyclopedia of the history of medicine , (eds) W.F Bynum and R. Porter (London/New York, 1993), 2: 119-50

S. S. Kottek and L. García Ballester (eds), Medicine and medical ethics in medieval and early modern Spain : an intercultural approach ( Jerusalem , 1996)

D. E. J. Linden, ‘Gabriele Zerbi’s De cautelis medicorum and the tradition of medical prudence’, Bulletin of the history of medicine. 73 (1999), 19-37

**M. R. McVaugh, ‘Bedside manners in the Middle Ages’, Bulletin of the history of medicine. 71 (1997), 201-23

P. Pormann, 'The physician and the other: images of the charlatan in medieval Islam', Bulletin of the history of medicine. 79 (2005), 189-227

R. Ralley, 'Medical economies in fifteenth century England', in M. Jenner and P. Wallis (eds), Medicine and the market in England and its colonies, c.1450-c.1850 (Basingstoke, 2007), 24-46

**C. Rawcliffe, ‘The profits of practice: the wealth and status of medical men in later medieval England’, Social history of medicine. 1 (1988), 61-78

J. Shatzmiller, ‘Doctor’s fees and their medical responsibility’, in P. Brezzi and E. Lee (eds), Sources of social history : private acts of the late Middle Ages (Toronto, 1984), 201-20. Available as an online course reading in the VLE

J. Shatzmiller, Jews, medicine, and medieval society (Toronto, 1994)

A. Wear, J. Geyer-Kordesch, R. French (eds), Doctors and ethics : the earlier historical setting of professional ethics : (Amsterdam and Atlanta, 1993)

M. C. Wellborn, ‘The errors of the doctors according to friar Roger Bacon of the Minor Orders’, Isis . 18 (1932), 26-62

E. Whitaker, ‘John of Arderne and Chaucer's physician’, American notes and queries 1 (1995), available at http://www.geocities.com/growonder/chaucerphysician.html

S. K. Wray, ‘Boccaccio and the doctors: medicine and compassion in the face of the plague’, Journal of Medieval History. 30 (2004), 301-22

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vii. Learned medicine

V. L. Bullough, ‘Training of non-university educated medical practitioners in the later Middle Ages’, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences. 14 (1959), 446-458

M.-T. D’Alverny, ‘Translators and translations’, in R.L. Benson and G. Constable (eds), Renaissance and renewal in the twelfth century (Cambridge MA, 1982), 421-62.

**L. Demaitre, Medieval medicine : the art of healing, from head to toe (Santa Barbara, 2013)

R. French, Medicine before science : the rational and learned doctor from the Middle Ages to the Enlightenment (Cambridge, 2003)

F. Getz, Healing and society in medieval England : a Middle English translation of the pharmaceutical writings of Gilbertus Anglicus (Madison, WI, 1991)

L. García Ballester, ‘Medical science in thirteenth-century Castile: problems and prospects’, Bulletin of the history of medicine. 61 (1987), 183-202

P. Kibre, ‘The faculty of medicine at Paris, charlatanism and unlicensed medical practice in the later Middle Ages’, Bulletin of the history of medicine. 27 (1953), 1-20

C. O’Boyle, The art of medicine : medical teaching at the University of Paris, 1250-1400 (Leiden, 1998)

**K. Park, Doctors and medicine in early Renaissance Florence (Princeton, 1985)

N. Siraisi, Taddeo Alderotti and his pupils : two generations of Italian medical learning : (Princeton, 1981)

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viii. Hospitals, charity and social welfare

L. Abreu and S. Sheard (eds), Hospital life : theory and practice from the medieval to the modern (Oxford, 2013)

N. Allen, ‘ Hospice to hospital in the Near East : an instance of continuity and change in late antiquity ’, Bulletin of the history of medicine. . 64 (1990), 446-462

J. Agrimi and C. Crisciani, ‘Charity and aid in medieval Christian civilization’, in: M. D. Grmek (ed.), Western medical thought from antiquity to the Middle Ages (Cambridge MA, 1998), 170-96

J. Barry and C. Jones (eds), Medicine and charity before the welfare state (London, 1991)

C. Bonfield, J. Reinarz and T. Huguet-Termes (eds), Hospitals and communities, 1100-1960 (Oxford, 2013)

**B. S. Bowers (ed.), The medieval hospital and medical practice (Aldershot, 2007)

J.W. Brodman, Charity and religion in medieval Europe (Washington,2009)

M. Dols, ‘The origins of the Islamic hospital: myth and reality’, Bulletin of the history of medicine. 61 (1987), 367-90

**L. Granshaw and R. Porter (eds), The hospital in history (London, 1989)

J. Henderson, Piety and charity in late medieval Florence (Oxford, 1994)

**J. Henderson, The Renaissance hospital : healing the body and healing the soul (Yale, 2006)

P. Horden, ‘ ‘A discipline of relevance’: the historiography of the later medieval hospital’, Social history of medicine. 1 (1988), 359-74

**P. Horden, Hospitals and healing from antiquity to the later Middle Ages (Aldershot, 2008)

T. Miller, The birth of the hospital in the Byzantine Empire (Baltimore, 1997)

N. Orme and M. Webster, The English hospital 1070-1570 (Yale, 1995)

A. Ragab, The Medieval Islamic Hospital: Medicine, Religion and Charity (Cambridge, 2015)

C. Rawcliffe, Medicine for the soul : the life, death and resurrection of an English medieval hospital, St Giles's, Norwich, c.1249-1550 (Stroud, 1999)

C. Rawcliffe, The Hospitals of Medieval Norwich (Norwich, 1995)

M. Rubin, Charity and community in medieval Cambridge (Cambridge, 1987)

M. Rubin, ‘Development and change in English hospitals, 1100-1500’, in: L. Granshaw and R. Porter (eds), The hospital in history (London, 1989), 41-59 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

S. Watson, 'The origins of the English hospital', Transactions of the Royal Historical Society . , 6th series 16 (2006), 75-94

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ix. Saints and religion

B. Abou-el-Haj, The medieval cult of saints : formations and transformations (Cambridge, 1994)

D. W. Amundsen, ‘Medieval Canon Law on Medical and Surgical Practice by the Clergy’, Bulletin of the history of medicine. 52 (1978), 22-44

**P. Biller and J. Ziegler (eds), Religion and medicine in the Middle Ages (Woodbridge, 2001)

J. Duffin, ‘ The doctor was surprised; or, how to diagnose a miracle’, Bulletin of the history of medicine. 81 (2007), 699-729

**R. C. Finucane, Miracles and pilgrims : popular beliefs in medieval England (Totowa, 1977)

V. I. Flint, ‘The early medieval ‘medicus’, the saint - and the enchanter’, Social history of medicine. 2 (1989), 127-145

E. A. Hammond, ‘Physicians in medieval English religious houses’, Bulletin of the history of medicine. . 32 (1958), 105-120

E. A. Hammond, ‘The Westminster Abbey infirmarers’ rolls as a source of medical history’, Bulletin of the history of medicine. . 39 (1965), 261-76. Available as an online course reading in the VLE

B. Harvey, Living and dying in England, 1100-1540 : the monastic experience : (Oxford, 1993)

J. Kerr, ‘Health and safety in the medieval monasteries of Britain’, History. 93 (2008), 3-19

S. Macdougall, ‘The surgeon and the saints: Henri de Mondeville on divine healing’, Journal of Medieval History. . 26 (2000), 253-67

H. J. Magoulias, ‘The lives of the saints as sources of data for the history of Byzantine medicine in the sixth and seventh centuries’, Byzantinische Zeitschrift. . 57 (1954), 127-50

I. McCleery, ‘Saintly physician, diabolical doctor, medieval saint: exploring the reputation of Gil de Santarém in medieval and renaissance Portugal’, Portuguese studies. 21 (2005), 112-25

I. McCleery, ‘ Multos ex medicinae arte curaverat, multos verbo et oratione : curing in medieval Portuguese saints’ lives’, in K. Cooper and J. Gregory (eds), Signs, wonders, miracles : representations of divine power in the life of the church , Studies in church history 41 (Woodbridge, 2005), 192-202

I. McCleery, 'Christ more powerful than Galen? The relationship between medicine and miracles', in M. Mesley and L. Wilson (eds), Contextualizing miracles in the Christian west, 1100-1500 : new historical approaches (Oxford, 2014), 127-54

A. Montford, Health, sickness, medicine and the friars in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries (Aldershot, 2004)

L. T. Olsan, ‘Charms and prayers in medieval medical theory and practice’, Social history of medicine. 16 (2003), 343-66

H. Powell, ‘The ‘miracle of childbirth’: the portrayal of parturient women in medieval miracle narratives’, Social history of medicine. 25 (2012), 795-811

C. Rider, ‘Medical magic and the church in thirteenth century England’, Social history of medicine . 24 (2011), 92-107

W.J. Sheils (ed.), The Church and Healing , Studies in church history. 19 (1982)

J. Ziegler, ‘Practitioners and saints: medical men in canonization proceedings in the thirteenth to fifteenth centuries’, Bulletin of the history of medicine. 12 (1999), 191-225

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x. Men, women and gender

J. F. Benton, ‘Trotula, women’s problems, and the professionalization of medicine in the Middle Ages’, Bulletin of the history of medicine. 59 (1985), 30-53

P. Biller, ‘Birth control in the west in the thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries’, Past & present. 94 (1982)

P. Biller, The measure of multitude : population in medieval thought (Oxford, 2000)

R. Blumenfeld-Kosinski, Not of woman born : representations of caesarean birth in medieval and Renaissance culture (Ithaca, 1990)

V.L. Bullough, ‘Medieval medical and scientific views of women’, Viator. 4 (1973), 485-501

**V. L. Bullough and J. A. Brundage (eds), Handbook of medieval sexuality (New York, 1996)

V.L. Bullough and C. Campbell, ‘Female longevity and diet in the Middle Ages’, Speculum. 55 (1980), 318-25

C. Walker Bynum, Holy feast and holy fast : the religious significance of food to medieval women (Berkeley, 1987)

M. Cabré, ‘ Women or healers? Household practices and the categories of health care in late medieval Iberia’, Bulletin of the history of medicine. 82 (2008), 18-51

C. Caballero Navas, 'The care of women's health and beauty: an experience shared by medieval Jewish and Christian women', Journal of Medieval History. . 34 (2008), 146-63

M. Cormack (ed.), 'Approaches to childbirth in the Middle Ages', special issue of Journal of the history of sexuality. 21 (2012)

A. Giladi, Muslim midwives : the craft of birthing in the premodern middle east (Cambridge, 2014)

M. Green, 'Documenting medieval women's medical practice' in L. Garcia Ballester et al (eds), Practical medicine from Salerno to the black death (Cambridge, 1994), 322-55

**M. Green, Women's healthcare in the medieval west : texts and contexts (Aldershot, 2000)

**M. Green, Making women's medicine masculine : the rise of male authority in pre-modern gynaecology (Oxford, 2008)

M. Green (ed.), The Trotula : a medieval compendium of women's medicine (Philadelphia, 2001)

M. Green, ‘Gendering the history of women’s healthcare’, Gender & history 20 (2008), 487-518

M. Green, 'Making motherhood in medieval England: the evidence from medicine', in C. Leyser and L. Smith (eds), Motherhood, religion, and society in medieval Europe, 400-1400 : essays presented to Henrietta Leyser (Farnham, 2011), 173-205

M. Green and D. L. Smail, 'The trial of Floreta d'Ays (1403): Jews. Christians and obstetrics in later medieval Marseilles', Journal of Medieval History. 34 (2008), 185-211

D. Green, 'Masculinity and medicine: Thomas Walsingham and the death of the Black Prince', Journal of Medieval History. . 35 (2009), 34-51

D. M. Hadly, Masculinity in medieval Europe (New York and London, 1999)

A. Harper and C. Proctor (eds), Medieval sexuality : a casebook (New York, 2008)

D. Jacquart and C. Thomasset, Sexuality and medicine in the Middle Ages (Cambridge, 1988)

R. Mazo Karras, From boys to men : formations of masculinity in late medieval Europe (Philadelphia, 2003)

R. Kiechkhefer, ‘Erotic magic in medieval Europe’, in J. Salisbury (ed.), Sex in the Middle Ages : a book of essays (New York, London, 1991), 30-55. Available as an online course reading in the VLE

T. Laqueur, Making sex : body and gender from the Greeks to Freud (Cambridge MA and London, 1990)

B. Lee, ‘A company of women and men: men’s recollections of childbirth in medieval England’, Journal of Family History. 27 (2002), 92-100

**C. A. Lees (ed.) with T. Fenster and J.A. McNamara, Medieval masculinities : regarding men in the Middle Ages , (Minneapolis, 1994)

W. Műller, The criminalization of abortion in the West : its origins in medieval law (Ithaca, 2012)

J. Murray, ‘On the origins and role of ‘wise women’ in causes for annulment on the grounds of male impotence’, Journal of Medieval History. . 16 (1990), 235-49 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

J. Murray (ed.), Conflicted identities and multiple masculinities : men in the medieval West (New York and London, 1999)

J. Musacchio, The art and ritual of childbirth in Renaissance Italy (Yale, 1999)

S. Niiranen, ‘Sexual incapacity in medieval material medica’, in Infirmity in antiquity and the middle ages : social and cultural approaches to health, weakness and care (eds), C. Krõtzl and K. Mustakallio (Abingdon, 2016), 223-40

Z. Mistry, Abortion in the early Middle Ages, c. 500-900 (York, 2015)

K. Park, Secrets of women : gender, generation, and the origins of human dissection (New York, 2006)

K. M. Phillips (ed.), A cultural history of women in the Middle Ages (London and New York, 2013)

J. M. Riddle, Contraception and abortion from the ancient world to the Renaissance (Cambridge, MA, 1992)

C. Rider, Magic and impotence in the Middle Ages (Oxford, 2006)

J. Salisbury, 'Gendered sexuality', in V. Bullough (ed.), Handbook of medieval sexuality (NewYork, 1995)

M. Schaus (ed.), Women and gender in medieval Europe : an encyclopedia (New York and London, 2006)

S. Shahar, The fourth estate : a history of women in the Middle Ages (New York, 1983)

A. Shail and G. Howie (eds), Menstruation : a cultural history (Basingstoke, 2005)

T. Van Sprecher and R. M. Karras, ‘The midwife and the church: ecclesiastical regulation of midwives in Brie, 1499-1504’, Bulletin of the history of medicine . 85 (2011), 171-92

F. H. Stoertz, ‘Suffering and survival in medieval English childbirth’, in: C. J. Itnyre (ed.), Medieval family roles : a book of essays (New York and London: 1996), 101-120. Available as an online course reading in the VLE

C. T. Wood, ‘The doctors’ dilemma: sin, salvation and the menstrual cycle in medieval thought’, Speculum. 56 (1981), 710-27 (E)

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xi. Children

P. Ariès, Centuries of childhood (London, 1962)

C. Beem (ed.), The royal minorities of medieval and early modern England (New York, 2008)

J. Boswell, The kindness of strangers : the abandonment of children in Western Europe from late antiquity to the Renaissance (New York, 1988)

A. Classen (ed.), Childhood in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance : the results of a paradigm shift in the history of mentality (Berlin, 2005)

L. Demaitre, 'The idea of childhood and childcare in medical writings of the Middle Ages', Journal of Psychohistory 4 (1977), 461-90 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

L. DeMause (ed.), The history of childhood (London, 1976)

K. Eisenbichler (ed.), The premodern teenager : youth in society, 1150-1650 (Toronto, 2002)

R. C. Finucane, The rescue of the innocents : endangered children in medieval miracles (London, 1997)

P. Gavitt, Charity and children in Renaissance Florence : the Ospedale degli Innocenti, 1410-1536 (Ann Arbor MA, 1990)

A. Giladi, ‘Infants, children and death in medieval Muslim society: some preliminary observations’, Social history of medicine. 3 (1990), 345-68

E. Gordon, ‘Childhealth in the Middle Ages as seen in the miracles of five English saints, AD 1150-1220’, Bulletin of the history of medicine. . 60 (1986), 502-22

E. Gordon, ‘Accidents among medieval children as seen from the miracles of six English saints and martyrs’, Medical history. 35 (1991), 145-63

L. Haas, The Renaissance man and his children : childbirth and early childhood in Florence, 1300-1600 (Basingstoke, 1998)

B. Hanawalt, Growing up in medieval London : the experience of childhood in history (New York and Oxford, 1993)

B. Hanawalt, ‘Medievalists and the study of children’, Speculum. 77 (2002), 440-60

C. Heywood, A history of childhood : children and childhood in the West from medieval to modern times (Cambridge, 2001)

C. Leyser and L. Smith (eds), Motherhood, religion, and society in medieval Europe, 400-1400 : essays presented to Henrietta Leyser (Farnham, 2011)

W. F. MacLehose, "A tender age": cultural anxieties over the child in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries (New York, 2008)

I. Metzler, ‘Disabled children: birth defects, causality and guilt,’ in N. Yoshikawa (ed.), Medicine, religion and gender in medieval culture (Cambridge, 2015), 161-80

**K. Mustakallio and C. Laes (eds), The dark side of childhood in late antiquity and the Middle Ages : unwanted, disabled and lost (Oxford, 2011)

P. Newman, Growing up in the Middle Ages (Jefferson, 2007)

N. Orme, Medieval children (New Haven and London, 2001)

**J. C. Parsons and B. Wheeler (eds), Medieval mothering (New York and London, 1996)

J. C. Parsons, ‘Mothers, daughters, marriage, power: some Plantagenet evidence, 1150-1500’, in: J. C. Parsons (ed.), Medieval queenship (Stroud, 1994), 63-78

J.-C. Schmitt, The holy greyhound : Guinefort, healer of children since the thirteenth century (Cambridge, 1983)

**S. Shahar, Childhood in the Middle Ages (London, 1990)

D. Wood (ed.), The church and childhood, Studies in Church History (1994)

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xii. Old age

**A. Classen (ed.), Old age in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance : interdisciplinary approaches to a neglected topic (Berlin, 2007)

L. Demaitre, 'The care and extension of old age in medieval medicine', in Aging and the aged in medieval Europe : selected papers from the Annual Conference of the Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Toronto, held 25-26 February and 11-12 November 1983 (Toronto, 1990), 3-23 Demaitre article available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE .

J. D. Folts, ‘Senescence and renascence: Petrarch’s thoughts on growing old’, The journal of medieval and Renaissance studies . 10 (1980), 207-37

C. Krotzl and K. Mustakallio (eds), On old age : approaching death in antiquity and the Middle Ages (Turnhout, 2011)

M. Labarge, ‘Gerontocomia, on the care of the aged: a fifteenth-century Italian guide by Gabriele Zerbi (1445-1505)’, in R. Archer (ed.), Crown, government and people in the fifteenth century (Stroud, 1995), 209-21 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

M. Pelling and R.D. Smith (eds), Life, death, and the elderly : historical perspectives (London, 1991)

**J. T. Rosenthal, Old age in late medieval England (Philadelphia, 1996)

J. T. Rosenthal, ‘Three-generation famiies: searching for grandpa and grandma in late medieval England’, in C. J. Itnyre (ed.), Medieval family roles : a book of essays (New York, 1996)

J. Rosenthal, ‘When did you last see your grandfather?’ in R. Archer (ed.), Crown, government and people in the fifteenth century (Stroud, 1995), 223-31

**S. Shahar, Growing old in the Middle Ages : "winter clothes us in shadow and pain" (London, 1997)

S. Shahar, ‘The old body in medieval culture’, in S. Kay and M.Rubin (eds), Framing medieval bodies (Manchester, 1994), 160-86

**S. Shahar, ‘Who were old in the Middle Ages? ’, Social history of medicine. 6 (1993)

**M. Sheehan, Aging and the aged in medieval Europe : selected papers from the Annual Conference of the Centre for Medieval Studies, University of Toronto, held 25-26 February and 11-12 November 1983 (Toronto, 1990)

P. Thane, Old age in English history : past experiences, present issues (Oxford, 2000)

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xiii. Madness

M. Barasch, ‘Despair in the medieval imagination’, Social research. 66 (1999), 565-76

S. M. Butler, ‘Representing the Middle Ages: the insanity defence in medieval England’, in W. Turner and T. V. Pearman (eds), The treatment of disabled persons in medieval Europe : examining disability in the historical, legal, literary, medical, and religious discourses of the Middle Ages (Lewiston, 2010), 117-32

M. Dols, Majn¯un : the madman in medieval Islamic society (Oxford, 1992)

P. B. R. Doob, Nebuchadnezzar's children : conventions of madness in Middle English literature (New Haven, CT and London, 1974)

**S. Harper, Insanity, individuals, and society in late-medieval English literature : the subject of madness (New York, 2003)

R. E. Harvey, The inward wits : psychological theory in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance (London, 1975)

P. Horden, ‘Responses to possession and insanity in the earlier Byzantine world’, Social history of medicine. 6 (1993), 177-94

P. Horden (ed.), Music as medicine : the history of music therapy since antiquity (Aldershot, 2000)

S. Huot, Madness in medieval French literature : identities found and lost (Oxford, 2003)

S. W. Jackson, ‘Unusual mental States in medieval Europe’, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences. 27 (1972), 262-97

S. W. Jackson, Melancholia and depression : from Hippocratic times to modern times (New Haven and London, 1986)

S. Katajala-Peltomaa and Susanna Niiranen (eds.), Mental (dis)order in later Medieval Europe (Leiden, 2014)

P. M. Jones, 'Music therapy in the later Middle Ages: the case of Hugo van der Goes', in P. Horden (ed.), Music as medicine : the history of music therapy since antiquity (Aldershot, 2000), 120-44

I. McCleery, ‘ Both “illness and temptation of the Enemy”: melancholy, the medieval patient and the writings of King Duarte of Portugal (r. 1433-38)’, Journal of Medieval Iberian studies. 1:2 (2009), 163-78

I. Metzler, Fools and idiots? : intellectual disability in the Middle Ages (Manchester, 2016)

A. Murray, Suicide in the Middle Ages , 2 vols (Oxford, 1997)

C. Rawcliffe, ‘The insanity of Henry VI’, The historian. 50 (1996), 8-12 Article available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE .

A. Pfau, ‘Protecting or restraining? Madness as a disability in late medieval France’, in J. R. Eyler (ed.), Disability in the Middle Ages : reconsiderations and reverberations (Farnham, 2010), 93-104 

G. Rosen, ‘The mentally ill and the community in western and central Europe during the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance’, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences. . 19 (1964), 377-88

G. Ruggiero, ‘Excusable murder: insanity and reason in early renaissance Venice’, Journal of Social History. 16 (1982), 109-119

**W. Turner, Madness in medieval law and custom (Leiden, 2010)

W. Turner, ‘Angry wives of madmen: the economic constraints of families under royal guardianship in England’, in W. Turner and T. V. Pearman (eds), The treatment of disabled persons in medieval Europe : examining disability in the historical, legal, literary, medical, and religious discourses of the Middle Ages (Lewiston, 2010), 51-68

M. Wack, Lovesickness in the Middle Ages : the Viaticum and its commentaries (Philadelphia, 1990)

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xiv. Disease and Disability

N. Archambeau, 'Healing options during the plague: survivor stories from a fourteenth-century canonization inquest', Bulletin of the history of medicine. 85 (2011), 531-59

J. Arrizabalaga, J. Henderson and R. French, The great pox : the French disease in Renaissance Europe (Yale, 1997)

J. Arrizabalaga, ‘The medical causes of death in pre-industrial Europe: some historiographical considerations’, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences. , 54 (1999), 241-60

J. Arrizabalaga, ‘Problematizing retrospective diagnosis in the history of disease’, Asclepio 54:1 (2002), 51-70, http://asclepio.revistas.csic.es/index.php/asclepio/issue/view/15

J. Arrizabalaga, ‘Facing the Black Death: perceptions and reactions of university medical practitioners’, in: L. García Ballester, R. French, J. Arrizabalaga and A. Cunningham (eds), Practical medicine from Salerno to the black death (Aldershot, 1998), 237-88 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

O. Benedictow, The Black Death, 1346-1353 : the complete history (Woodbridge, 2004)

M. Bloch, The royal touch : sacred monarchy and scrofula in England and France (London, 1973)

E. Brenner, ‘Recent perspectives on leprosy in medieval Western Europe ’, History compass . 8:5 (2010), 385-406

E. Brenner, ‘Between palliative care and curing the soul: medical and religious responses to leprosy in France and England, c.1100-c.1500’, in N. Yoshikawa (ed.), Medicine, religion and gender in medieval culture (Cambridge, 2015)

E. Brenner, Leprosy and charity in medieval Rouen (London, 2015)

**R. Buckley, M. Morris, J. Appleby, T. King, D. O’Sullivan and L. Foxhall, ‘The king in the car park: new light on the death and burial of Richard III in the Grey Friars church, Leicester, in 1485’, Antiquity 87 (2013), 519-38

A. G. Carmichael, ‘Contagion theory and contagion practice in fifteenth-century Milan’, Renaissance quarterly. 44 (1991), 213-56

**S. K. Cohn, The Black Death transformed : disease and culture in early Renaissance Europe (London, 2002)

S. K. Cohn, ‘The Black Death: end of a paradigm’, The American historical review. 107 (2002), 703-38

A. Cunningham, ‘Transforming plague: the laboratory and the identity of infectious disease’, in: A. Cunningham and P. Williams (eds), The laboratory revolution in medicine (Cambridge, 1992), 209-44

A. Cunningham, ‘ Identifying disease in the past : cutting the Gordian knot ’, Asclepio 54:1 (2002), 13-34 http://asclepio.revistas.csic.es/index.php/asclepio/issue/view/15

L. Demaitre, ‘Medieval notions of cancer: malignancy and metaphor’, Bulletin of the history of medicine. 72 (1998), 609-37

L. Demaitre, ‘The description and diagnosis of leprosy by fourteenth-century physicians’, Bulletin of the history of medicine. . 59 (1985), 327-344

**L. Demaitre, Leprosy in premodern medicine : a malady of the whole body (Baltimore, 2007)

M. Dols, The Black Death in the Middle East (Princeton, 1977)

J. R. Eyler (ed.), Disability in the Middle Ages : reconsiderations and reverberations (Farnham, 2010)

G. Geltner, 'Public health and the pre-modern city: a research agenda', History compass. 10 (2012), 231-45

B. L. Grigsby, Pestilence in Medieval and early modern English literature (New York and London, 2004)

J. Henderson, ‘The Black Death in Florence: medical and communal responses’, in Death in towns : urban responses to the dying and the dead, 100-1600 , (ed.) S. Bassett (Leicester, 1992). chapter available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

D. Herlihy with intro. by S. Cohn, The Black Death and the transformation of the west (Cambridge, MA, 1997)

R. Horrox (ed.), The Black Death (Manchester, 1994)

A. Kinzelbach, ‘Infection, contagion, and public health in late medieval and early modern German imperial towns’, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences. 61 (2006), 369 – 389

K. F. Kiple (ed.), Plague, pox & pestilence (London, 1997)

J. Kroll and B. Bachrach, ‘Sin and the etiology of disease in pre-crusade Europe’, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences. 41 (1986), 395-414

**I. Metzler, Disability in medieval Europe : thinking about physical impairment during the high Middle Ages, c.1100- c.1400 (London, 2006)

I. Metzler, ‘Disability in the Middle Ages: impairment at the intersection of historical inquiry and Disability Studies’, History compass. 9:1 (2011), 45-60

T. Miller and J. Nesbitt, Walking corpses : leprosy in Byzantium and the medieval West (Ithaca, 2014)

P. Mitchell, 'Retrospective diagnosis and the use of historical texts for investigating disease in the past', International Journal of Paleopathology 1 (2011), 81-88

**P. Mitchell, 'The spread of disease with the crusades', in F. E. Glaze and B. K. Nance (eds), Between text and patient : the medical enterprise in medieval & early modern Europe (Florence, 2011), 309-29

W. Naphy and A. Spicer, The Black Death and the history of plagues, 1345-1730 (Stroud, 2001)

V. Nutton, ‘The seeds of disease: an explanation of contagion and infection from the Greeks to the Renaissance’, Medical history 27 (1983), 1-34

V. Nutton (ed.), Pestilential complexities : understanding medieval plague (London, 2008)

W. M. Ormrod and P. G. Lindley (eds), The Black Death in England (Stamford, 1996)

A. Paravicini Bagliani and F. Santi (eds), The regulation of evil : social and cultural attitudes to epidemics in the late Middle Ages (Sismel, 1998)

T. Ranger and P. Slack (eds), Epidemics and ideas : essays on the historical perception of pestilence (Cambridge, 1995)

**C. Rawcliffe, Leprosy in medieval England (Woodbridge, 2006)

P. Richards, The medieval leper and his northern heirs (Cambridge, 1977)

J. M. Riddle, ‘Ancient and medieval chemotherapy for cancer’, Isis. 76 (1985), 319-30

J. Stearns, Infectious ideas : contagion in premodern Islamic and Christian thought in the Western Mediterranean (Baltimore, 2012)

Z. B. Tomic and V. Blazina, Expelling the plague : the Health Office and the implementation of quarantine in Dubrovnik, 1377-1533 (Montreal, 2014)

**W. Turner and T. V. Pearman (eds), The treatment of disabled persons in medieval Europe : examining disability in the historical, legal, literary, medical, and religious discourses of the Middle Ages (Lewiston, 2010)

Nukhet Varlık, Plague and empire in the early modern Mediterranean world : the Ottoman experience, 1347-1600 (Cambridge, 2015)

E. Wheatley, Stumbling blocks before the blind : medieval constructions of a disability (University of Michigan Press, 2010)

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xv. Surgery

V. L. Bullough, ‘The teaching of surgery at the University of Montpellier in the thirteenth century’, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences. 15 (1960), 202-204

R. I. Burns, ‘The medieval crossbow as surgical instrument: an illustrated case history’, in: Moors and Crusaders in Mediterranean Spain (London, 1978), essay VII, 983-89

S. Butler, Forensic medicine and death investigation in medieval England (Abingdon, 2016)

J. J. Citrome, The surgeon in medieval English literature (Basingstoke, 2007)

E. Cohen, ‘The animated pain of the body’, The American historical review . 105 (2000), 36-68

E. Cohen, ‘Towards a history of European physical sensibility: pain in the later Middle Ages’, Science in context . 8 (1995), 47-74

**E. Cohen, The modulated scream : pain in late medieval culture (Chicago, 2010)

D’Arcy Power (ed.), Treatises of fistula in ano, hæmorrhoids, and clysters , Early English Text Society 139 (Oxford, 1910)

T. Hunt, The medieval surgery (Woodbridge, 1992)

A. Kirkham and C. Warr (eds), Wounds in the Middle Ages (Farnham, 2014)

M. McVaugh, ‘Cataracts and hernias: aspects of surgical practice in the fourteenth century’, Medical history. 45 (2001), 319-40

**M. McVaugh, The rational surgery of the Middle Ages (Florence, 2006)

**P. Mitchell, Medicine in the Crusades : warfare, wounds and the medieval surgeon (Cambridge, 2004)

M. Ogden (ed.), The cyrurgie of Guy de Chauliac , Early English Text Society 265 (London and New York, 1971)

K. Park, ‘The life of the corpse: division and dissection in late medieval Europe’, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences. 50 (1995), 111-132

K. Park, 'Eyes, bones and hernias: surgical specialists in fourteenth- and fifteenth-century Italy', in Jon Arrizabalaga et al (eds), Medicine from the Black Death to the French disease ( London, 1998), 110-30 available as an online course reading in the VLE

M.-C. Pouchelle, The body and surgery in the Middle Ages , trans. R. Morris (Cambridge, 1990)

C. Rawcliffe, ‘The surgeon’, in: C. Rawcliffe, Medicine & society in later medieval England (Stroud, 1995), 125-47

E. Savage-Smith, ‘The practice of surgery in Islamic lands: myth and reality’, Social history of medicine. 13 (2000), 307-21

L. Tracy and K. DeVries (eds.), Wounds and wound repair in medieval culture (Leiden, 2015)

L. E. Voights and R. P. Hudson, ‘A drynke Þat men callen dwale to make a man to slepe whyle men kerven him": a surgical anesthetic from late medieval England’, in: S. Campbell, B. Hall and D. Klausner (eds), Health, disease and healing in medieval culture (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1992), 34-56 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

This list was last updated on 31/08/2016