Leeds University Library

Module Reading List

Black Internationalism, 2017/18, Semester 2
Dr Kate Dossett
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Seminar 1: Introduction to Black Internationalism Studies

African Studies Review , Vol. 43, No. 1, Special Issue on the Diaspora. (Apr., 2000), pp. 11-45.


· Patterson, Tiffany R. and Kelley, Robin D.G. (2000) “Unfinished Migrations: Reflections on the African Diaspora and the Making of the Modern World,” 11–46.

· ‘“Unfinished Migrations”: Commentary and Response,” Brent Hayes Edwards; Cheryl Johnson-Odim; Agustín Laó-Montes; Michael O. West; Tiffany; Ruby Patterson; Robin D. G. Kelley.

You might also browse the special edition of: Issue: A Journal of Opinion , Vol. 24, No. 2, African [Diaspora] Studies, 1996 (especially Lisa Brock’s article, pp 9-12.)

Questions to Consider:

Ø What models of black internationalism have dominated scholarship on the African Diaspora?

Ø What new ways do Patterson and Kelley propose?

Ø What critiques/correctives do the commentators offer?

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Seminar 2: Gender, Sexuality, Home and Diaspora

Special Issue of Gender & history. , Vol.15 No.3 November 2003, pp. 397–408.

· ‘Introduction: Gender, Sexuality, and African Diasporas’ Sandra by Gunning, Tera W. Hunter and Michele Mitchell: pp. 397–408

· Also see Patrick Manning, Anne MacPherson and Martin Summers for interesting articles on gender and diaspora studies.

Beverly Guy Sheftall, Shifting contexts : lessons from integrating black, gender and African diaspora studies , Womens Studies Quarterly, 1998 26 (3-4): 17-24. Also available in Mary M. Lay, Janice Monk and Deborah S. Rosenfelt eds., Encompassing gender : integrating international studies and women's studies .

Eve Alys Weinbaum, “Reproducing Black Globality: W.E.B. Du Bois and the Sexual Politics of Black Internationalism.” Social text. 19.2 (2001): 15–41.

James Clifford, Routes : travel and translation in the late twentieth century (Cambridge, MA. Harvard University Press, 1997).

Carol Boyce Davies, Black women, writing and identity : migrations of the subject , (London, Routledge, 1994).

Wahneema Lubiano, “Black Nationalism and Black Common Sense: Policing Ourselves and Others.” In Lubiano ed., The house that race built , (New York, Random House, 1997): 232-252. 

Michele Stephens, Black empire : the masculine global imaginary of Caribbean intellectuals in the United States, 1914-1962

Filomina Chioma Steady (ed.), The Black woman cross-culturally (Schenkman Publishing Company, Inc., 1981).

Rosalyn Terborg-Penn, Sharon Harley and Andrea Benton Rushing eds., Women in Africa and the African diaspora : a reader (Howard University Press, 1987)

Barbara Bair, ‘Pan-Africanism as Process: Adelaide Casely Hayford, Garveyism, and the Cultural Roots of Nationalism’ in Imagining home : class, culture, and nationalism in the African diaspora , ed. Lemelle and Kelley, pp. 121–44; and 

Verene Shepherd, Bridget Brereton and Barbara Bailey eds., Engendering history : Caribbean women in historical perspective (St. Martin’s Press, 1995)

Beryl Satter, ‘Marcus Garvey, Father Divine and the Gender Politics of Race Difference and Race Neutrality’, American Quarterly. 48 (1996), pp. 43–76;

Hilary McD. Beckles, Centering woman : gender relations in Caribbean slave society (1999)

Rosalyn Terborg Penn, ‘Free Women Entrepreneurs from the 1820s to the 1850s: The Cases of Nancy Prince and Mary Seacole’, Crossing boundaries : comparative history of black people in diaspora , ed. Hine and McLeod, pp. 159–75;

Home and Diaspora:

Suki Ali, Ch 6: “Moving Homes: Gender, Diaspora, Ethnicity,” in Mixed-race, post-race : gender, new ethnicities, and cultural practices , (2003) 123-142.

Thembisa Waetjen, “The ‘home’ in homeland: gender, national space, and Inkatha’s politics of ethnicity,” Ethnic and racial studies. Volume 22 Number 4 July 1999 pp. 653–678.

Stephen Legg, ‘Gendered Politics and nationalized homes: women and the anti-colonial struggle in Delhi, 1940-1947.’ Gender, place and culture : a journal of feminist geography. 10 (2003): 7-28

bell hooks, ‘Homeplace: a site of resistance’ in Yearning : race, gender, and cultural politics , (Turnaround, 1991). pp 41-49

Alison Blunt, Domicile and diaspora : Anglo-Indian women and the spatial politics of home , (Oxford, 2005). and

Bonnie Honig, ‘Difference, Dilemmas, and the Politics of Home,” Social research. vol. 61., No.3, (Fall, 1994).

Rosemary Marangoly George, The politics of home : postcolonial relations and twentieth century fiction (CUP, 1996) esp. Introduction.

Avtar Brah, Cartographies of diaspora : contesting identities , (1995).

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Seminar 3: Global and Overlapping Diasporas

Robin Cohen, Global Diasporas: an introduction , (Routledge, 2001). espc. “Victim diasporas,” “Cultural diasporas and their homelands” and “Cultural Diasporas” 

Jana Evans Braziel and Anita Mannur eds., Theorizing diaspora : a reader , (Oxford, Blackwell, 2003). esp. “Introduction,” pp 1-22 and Stuart Hall, “Cultural Identity and Diaspora,” 233-246

Paul Gilroy, Against race : imagining political culture beyond the color line , Chapter 3: Identity, Belonging and the Critique of Pure Sameness, especially, 115-133.

Earl Lewis, “To Turn as on a Pivot: Writing African Americans into a History of Overlapping Diasporas.” The American historical review. 100 (1995): 765-87.

Robin D. G. Kelley, “ ‘But a Local Phase of a World Problem’: Black History’s Global Vision.” The Journal of American history. (December, 1999, Vol 86. No.3).

Michael West, “Crossing Boundaries: Research Notes on South Asians and Africans in Africa, The Americas and Europe.” Comparative Studies in South Asian, Africa, and the Middle East, 1996, Vol. 16: 48-52.

Darlene Clark Hine and Jacqueline McLeod eds., Crossing boundaries : comparative history of black people in diaspora . (Bloomington: Indiana University Press. 1999). 

Robin D.G. Kelley and Betsy Esch, “Black Like Mao: Red China and Black Liberation,” Souls, (1999) 4: 6-41

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Seminar 4: The Atlantic Trade in Enslaved Africans

Bergad, W. Laird, Fe Iglesias and María del Carmen, The Cuban slave market, 1790-1880, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995)

Berlin, Ira, ‘American Slavery in History and Memory and the Search for Social Justice’ The Journal of American history. 90(4) (2009): 1251-1268

Blackburn, Robin, The Making of New World Slavery: From the Baroque to the modern, 1492-1800, (New York: Verso, 1998)

Davis, David Brion, The Problem of Slavery in the Age of Revolution, 1770-1823 (Ithaca: Oxford University Press, 1975)

Foster, William Henry,Gender, mastery and slavery : from European to Atlantic world frontiers(Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010)

Fradera, Josep M. and Christopher Schmidt-Nowara (eds), Slavery and antislavery in Spain's Atlantic empire (New York: Berghahn Books, 2013)

Gilroy, Paul, The black Atlantic : modernity and double consciousness (1993)

Klein, Herbert S., The Atlantic Slave Trade (Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010)

Knight, Franklin W., Slave society in the Spanish and Portuguese American empires, 1492-1713 (Madison: Wisconsin University Press, 1970)

Leffler, Phyllis K., ‘Maritime Museums and Transatlantic Slavery: A Study in British and American Identity’ Journal of Transatlantic Studies 4(1) (2006): 55-80

Nimako, Kwame, The Dutch Atlantic : slavery, abolition and emancipation (London: Pluto Press, 2011)

Northrup, David, ed., The Atlantic Slave Trade, (Massachusetts-Toronto: D.C. Heath and Company, 1994/2002)

Rediker, Marcus, The slave ship : a human history (London: John Murray, 2007)

Van Aken , Mark J., Pan-Hispanism : its origin and development to 1866., (Berkeley: University of Berkeley, 1959)

Williams, Eric, Capitalism and slavery, (Richmond: University of North Carolina Press, 1994)

Wood, Marcus, The horrible gift of freedom : Atlantic slavery and the representation of emancipation (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2010)

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Seminar 5: Anti-Slavery Movements and Resistances of Enslaved Africans

Ackerson, Wayne, The African Institution (1807-1827) and the antislavery movement in Great Britain, (Lampeter: The Edwin Mellen Press, 2005)

Ahern, Stephen (ed), Affect and abolition in the Anglo-Atlantic, 1770-1830 (Surrey: Ashgate Publishing, 2013)

Anstey, Roger and Paul E. Hedley Hair, Liverpool, the African slave trade, and abolition : essays to illustrate current knowledge and research, (London: History Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, 1976)

Anstey, Roger, The Atlantic slave trade and British abolition 1760-1810, (New Jersey: Humanities Press, 1975)

Barcia, Manuel, Seeds of insurrection : domination and slave resistance on western Cuban plantations, 1808-1848, (Baton Rouge: Lousiana State University Press, 2008)

Brown, Christopher L., Moral capital : foundations of British abolitionism, (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2006)

Brown, Jacquelin Nassy Brown, ‘Enslaving History: Narratives on Local Whiteness in a Black Atlantic Port’ American Ethnologist 27(2) (May 2000): 340-370

Clapp, Elizabeth J. and Julie Roy Jeffrey (Ed.), Women, dissent, and anti-slavery in Britain and America, 1790-1865, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011)

Corwin, Arthur F, Spain and the abolition of Slavery in Cuba, 1817-1886 (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1967)

Cummings, Ronald, ‘(Trans)Nationalisms, Marronage, and Queer Caribbean Subjectivities’ Transforming Anthropology 18(2) (Oct 2010): 169-180.

Elmer, Jonathan, ‘The Black Atlantic Archive’ American literary history. 17(1) (2005): 160-170

Everill , Bronwen, British West Africa or ‘The United States of Africa’? Imperial pressures on the transatlantic anti-slavery movement, 1839–1842 Journal of Transatlantic Studies 9(2) (June 2011): 136-150

Fladeland, B, Abolitionists and working-class problems in the age of industrialization, (London: Macmillan, 1984)

Geggus, David P., The impact of the Haitian Revolution in the Atlantic world, (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2001)

Gilroy, Paul, The black Atlantic : modernity and double consciousness (1993)

Howe, Daniel Walker, What hath God wrought: The Transformation of America, 1815-1848 (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2007)

Humez, Jean M., Harriet Tubman [electronic resource] : the life and the life stories (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2003)

Jensen, Larry R, Children of colonial despotism : press, politics, and culture in Cuba, 1790-1840, (Tampa: University Press of Florida, 1998)

Lecky, William E. H., History of European Morals from Augustus to Charlemagne, (New York: Appleton, 1921)

Moniz, Amanda Bowie, ‘Review article: Gender and Slave Emancipation in the Atlantic World , and: Women's Rights and Transatlantic Antislavery in the Era of Emancipation , and From Abolition to Rights for All: The Making of a Reform Community in the Nineteenth Century ’ in Journal of the early republic. 29(3) (Fall 2009): 571-577.

Murray, David R., Odious commerce : Britain, Spain and the abolition of the Cuban slave trade (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980)

Oldfield, John R., Popular politics and British anti-slavery: the mobilisation of public opinion against the slave trade, 1787-1807, (London: Cass, 1998)

Paquette, Gabriel, Enlightenment, governance, and reform in Spain and its empire, 1759-1808 (Basingstroke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008)

Quirk, Joel: The anti-slavery project : from the slave trade to human trafficking, (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011)

Rediker, Marcus, The Amistad rebellion : an Atlantic odyssey of slavery and freedom (New York: Viking, 2012)

Scully, Pamela and Diana Paton (eds) Gender and slave emancipation in the Atlantic world (Durham: Duke University Press, 2005)

Sernet, Milton,Harriet Tubman : myth, memory, and history(Duke University Press, 2007)

Sklar, Kathryn Kish and James Brewer Stewart (eds)Women's rights and transatlantic antislavery in the era of emancipation(New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007)

Taylor, Marion and Heather Lehr Wagner,Harriet Tubman : antislavery activist(Chelsea House Publishers, 2005)

Temperley, Howard, British antislavery, 1833-1870, (Harlow: Longman, 1972)

Thomson, David, England in the nineteenth century, 1815-1914 , (Middlesex: Penguin Books, 1978)

Yee, Shirley J., Black Women Abolitionists: A Study in Activism, 1828-1860 , (Knoxville: Univ. of Tennessee Press, 1992)

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Seminar 6: One-to one Consultations and preparation for Week 8 2000 word essay.

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Seminar 7: Pan-Africanism as Process: Pan-African Writing and Activism in the Black Atlantic. 

Primary Sources:

C. L. R. James, A history of pan-African revolt ,

C.L.R. James, Black Jacobins (1938. James Walvin edition 2001)

George Padmore ed., Colonial and - coloured unity : a programme of action : history of the Pan-African Congress London: Hammersmith Bookshop, 1963.

Hakim Adi, Marika Sherwood, “ The 1945 Manchester Pan-African Congress revisited / by Hakim Adi, Marika Sherwood ; with Colonial and - coloured unity .” with Colonial and - coloured unity : a programme of action : history of the Pan-African Congress / edited by George Padmore. London: New Beacon Books, 1995.

Marika Sherwood, Manchester and the 1945 Pan-African Congress London: Savannah Press, 1995)

Hakim Adi West Africans in Britain: 1900-1960 Nationalism, Pan Africanism and Communism (1998).

Barbara Bush, Imperialism, race, and resistance : Africa and Britain, 1919-1945 (London, Routledge, 1999).and

P. Olisanwuche Esedebe, Pan-Africanism : the idea and movement, 1776-1991  (Washington, D.C.: Howard University, 1994).

J. Ayodele Langley. Pan-Africanism and nationalism in West Africa, 1900-1945 : a study in ideology and social classes . (Oxford, 1973).

Hakim Adi and Marika Sherwood, Pan-African history : political figures from Africa and the diaspora since 1787 , (London, New York: Routledge, 2003.)

Sidney J. Lemelle and Robin D.G. Kelley eds., Imagining home : class, culture, and nationalism in the African diaspora , (London: Verso, 1994). Especially “Introduction” by Lemelle and Kelley.

Imanuel Geiss, The Pan-African movement , ( London : Methuen, 1974).

Stephen Howe, Afrocentrism : mythical pasts and imagined homes (London and New York: Verso, 1998).

Stuart Hall, 1990. “Cultural Identity and Diaspora. In Identity : community, culture, difference . London: Lawrence and bTishart.

______. 1996. "The Question of Cultural Identity." In Modernity : an introduction to modern societies , ed. Stuart Hall et al. Oxford: Blackwell, 596-634.

Drake, St. Clair. 1982. "Diaspora Studies and Pan-Africanism." In Joseph E. Harris, ed., Global dimensions of the African diaspora . Washington, D.C.: Howard University Press.

S.K.B. Asante, Pan-African protest : West Africa and the Italo-Ethiopian crisis, 1934-1941 , ( London : Longman, 1977).

Waibinte E. Wariboko, "I Really Cannot Make Africa My Home: West Indian Missionaries as "outsiders' in the Church Missionary Society Civilizing Mission to Southern Nigeria, 1898-1925." The journal of African history. (2004), 45: 221-236

Wilson J. Moses, The golden age of black nationalism, 1820-1925 , (OUP, 1988).

Robert S. Levine, Martin R. Delany : a documentary reader , (Chapel Hill, 2003).

Richard Brent Turner, “Edward Wilmot Blyden and Pan-Africanism: The Ideological Roots of Islam and Black Nationalism in the United States, The Muslim world. , 1997 87(2): 169-182.

Tunde Adeleke “Black Americans and Africa: A Critique of the Pan African and Identity paradigm,” in The international journal of African historical studies. 3 1998. Vol. 31 No. 3.

Brandon Kendhammer, “DuBois the pan-Africanist and the development of African nationalism,” Ethnic and racial studies. Vol. 30 No. 1 January 2007 pp. 51-71

Richard Cullen Rath, ‘Echo and Narcissus: The Afrocentric Pragmatism of W.E.B. Du Bois The Journal of American history. , Vol. 84, No. 2. (Sep., 1997): 461-495.

William R. Scott, The sons of Sheba's race : African-Americans and the Italo-Ethiopian War, 1935-1941 , (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, c1930.

Joseph E. Harris, African-American reactions to war in Ethiopia, 1936-1941 . (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1994).

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Seminar 8: Black Empire, Black Fascism.

George S. Schuyler, Black and conservative; the autobiography of George S. Schuyler. . New Rochelle: Arlington, 1966.

———. [Samuel I. Brooks]. Black empire . Ed. Robert A. Hill and R.Kent Rasmussen. Boston: Northeastern UP, 1991.

———. Black no more : a novel . 1931. Boston: Northeastern UP, 1989. 

———. [Rachel Call]. “Revolt in Ethiopia.” in Ethiopian stories . Ed. Robert A. Hill. Boston: Northeastern UP, 1994. 123–227.

———. “The Rise of the Black Internationale.” The Crisis Aug. 1938: 255þ.

Jeffrey B., Leak, ed. Rac[e]ing to the right : selected essays of George S. Schuyler . Knoxville: U of Tennessee, P, 2001.

Fritz Gysin, “Black Pulp Fiction: George Schuyler’s Caustic Vision of a Pan-African Empire.” Empire : American studies : selected papers from the bi-national conference of the Swiss and Austrian Associations for American Studies at the Salzburg Seminar, November 1996 . Ed. John G. Blair and Reinhold Wagnleitner. Tu¨bingen: Gunter Narr Verlag, 1997.

Alexander M. Bain, “ Shocks Americana !: George Schuyler Serializes Black Internationalism,” American literary history. 2007 19(4):937-963.

Michelle Stephens, Black empire : the masculine global imaginary of Caribbean intellectuals in the United States, 1914-1962

Colin Grant, Negro with a hat : the rise and fall of Marcus Garvey and his dream of Mother Africa (2008).

K Randall Burkett, Garveyism as a religious movement : the institutionalization of a Black civil religion (Metuchen, N.J, 1978)

Paul Gilroy, The black Atlantic : modernity and double consciousness  (Cambridge, 1993)

Robert Hill & Barbara Bair, eds., Marcus Garvey : life and lessons ; a centennial companion to the Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association papers . (Los Angeles 1987)

Winston James, Holding Aloft the Banner of Ethiopia: Caribbean Radicalism in Early Twentieth Century America (London, 1998)

Theodore Kornweibel ed ., " "Seeing red" : federal campaigns against black militancy, 1919-1925 " (Bloomington, 1999).

Rupert Lewis, Marcus Garvey : anti-colonial champion (Trenton, N.J, 1988)

Rupert Lewis & Patrick Bryan eds., Garvey: His Work and Impact (Mona, Jamaica, 1988)

Tony Martin, Race First: The Ideological and Organizational Struggles of Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement association (Westport, Conn: 1976)

___________. Literary Garveyism : Garvey, black arts, and the Harlem Renaissance (Dover, Mass,)

Judith Stein, The World of Marcus Garvey: Race and Class in Modern Society (Baton Rouge, 1986)

Theodore G. Vincent, Black Power and the Garvey Movement (San Francisco, 1971)

Keep cool : the black activists who built the jazz age

Mary G. Rolinson, Grassroots Garveyism : the Universal Negro Improvement Association in the rural South, 1920-1927 (Chapel Hill, 2007).

Claudrena N. Harold, The rise and fall of the Garvey movement in the urban South, 1918-1942 , (New York, 2007).


Ronald J. Stephens, “Garveyism in Idlewild, 1927 to 1936,” Journal of black studies. , Vol. 34, No. 4, 462-488 (2004)

Emory Tolbert, “Outpost Garveyism and the UNIA Rank and File,” Journal of black studies. , Vol. 5, No. 3, Working Papers in the Study of Race Consciousness, Part 1 (Mar., 1975), pp. 233-253

Michelle Stephens, “Re-imagining the Shape and Borders of Black Political Space,” Radical History Review , 2003 (87): 169-182.

Michele Mitchell , Righteous propagation : African Americans and the politics of racial destiny after Reconstruction ( Chapel Hill, 2004) especially Ch. 8

Martin Summers, Manliness and its discontents : the Black middle class and the transformation of masculinity, 1900-1930 , espc. Chapter 2.

Kate Dossett, Bridging race divides : black nationalism, feminism, and integration in the United States, 1896-1935 , (Gainesville, Jan 2008). esp Ch.4.

Ula Y. Taylor, The veiled Garvey : the life & times of Amy Jacques Garvey (Chapel Hill, 2002)

Marlon B. Ross. Manning the race : reforming black men in the Jim Crow era . (2004).

Winston James, Holding Aloft the Banner of Ethiopia: Caribbean Radicalism in early twentieth century America ( London, 1998)

Lois A West ed. ‘Introduction: Feminism Constructs Nationalism’ in  Feminist nationalism (New York, 1997)

Paul Gilroy, The black Atlantic : modernity and double consciousness  (Cambridge, 1993)

Cynthia Enloe, Bananas, beaches & bases : making feminist sense of international politics (Los Angeles, 1989)

Joan French & Honor Ford-Smith, Women, Work and Organization in Jamaica, 1900-1944

Lionel M. Yard, Biography of Amy Ashwood Garvey, 1897-1969: Co-Founder of the UNIA (Washington D.C, 1990)


Barbara Bair, ‘Renegotiating Liberty: Garveyism, Women, and Grassroots Organizing in Virginia’ in  Women of the American South : a multicultural reader / edited by Christie Anne Farnham. (New York, 1997)

Barbara Bair “Ethiopia Shall Stretch Forth her hands unto God”: Laura Kofey and the gendered vision of redemption in the Garvey Movement” in A mighty baptism : race, gender, and the creation of American Protestantism (1996).

Barbara Bair, ‘True Women, Real Men: Gender, Ideology and Social Roles in the Garvey Movement’ in Dorothy O Helly and Susan M Reverby eds., Gendered domains : rethinking public and private in women's history ; essays from the seventh Berkshire Conference on the History of Women (Ithaca, New York, 1992)  

Beryl Satter, “Marcus Garvey, Father Divine and the Gender Politics of Race Difference and Race Neutrality,” American Quarterly. , 1996, 48(1): 43-76.

Anne Macpherson, “Colonial Matriarchs, Garveyism, Maternalism, and Belize’s Black Cross Nurses, 1920-1952,” Gender & history. , 2003 15 (3): 507-527.

Anne S. Macpherson, ‘A fragile peace: colonial reform, Garveyism, and the Black Cross nurses, 1920-1930’ in From colony to nation : women activists and the gendering of politics in Belize, 1912-1982 . (Lincoln, Nebraska, 2007).

Karen Adler, ‘Always Leading Our Men in Service and Sacrifice’: Amy Jacques Garvey, Feminist Black Nationalist’ in Gender & society. , Vol 6, Issue 3 (Sept, 1992)

Mark D. Matthews, “Our Women and What They Think”: Amy Jacques Garvey and the Negro World in Black Women in US History ~Vol 3 no 48 1979 pp 866-878

William Seraille, ‘Henrietta Vinton Davis and the Garvey Movement’ Afro-Americans in New York Life and History 7 (July 1983): 7-24

Ula Y. Taylor, ‘Negro Women Are Great Thinkers as well as doers’: Amy Jacques Garvey and Community Feminism in the United States, 1924-1927’ in Journal of women's history. Vol 12. No. 2 (Summer) 

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Seminar 9: Africa and the Diaspora: Anticolonialism and Decolonization.

Kwame Nkrumah, Ghana: The Autobiography of Kwame Nkrumah

Barbara Bush, Imperialism, race, and resistance : Africa and Britain, 1919-1945 . (London, Routledge, 1999). 

George Padmore ed.,  Colonial and - coloured unity : a programme of action : history of the Pan-African Congress (London : Hammersmith Bookshop, 1963.

Michale W. Williams, “Marcus Garvey and Kwame Nkrumah: A Case of Ideological Assimilation, Advancement, and Refinement,” Western Journal of Black Studies, 8 (1983).

Michelle D. Commander, Ghana at Fifty: Moving Toward Kwame Nkrumah's Pan-African Dream, American Quarterly. (59:2) Jun 2007, 421-426,428-441,523.

Marika Sherwood, Kwame Nkrumah : the years abroad, 1935-1947 (Legon, Ghana: Freedom Publications, 1996).  

Hakim Adi West Africans in Britain, 1900-1960 : nationalism, Pan-Africanism, and communism (1998).

Kendhammer, Brandon. “Du Bois the Pan-Africanist and the Development of African Nationalism,” Ethnic and racial studies. , 2007 30(1): 51-71

Penny M. Von Eschen, Race against empire : black Americans and anticolonialism, 1937-1957 , Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1997.

Hollis Lynch, Black American radicals and the liberation of Africa : the Council on African Affairs 1937-1955 (Ithaca, N.Y.: Africana Studies and Research Center, Cornell University, 1978),

Alphaeus Hunton et al, eds., Proceedings of the Conference on Africa - New Perspectives (New York: Council on African Affairs, 1944),

J. Hargreaves, Decolonization in Africa (Longman, London, 1988)

R. Pearce, The turning point in Africa : British colonial policy 1938-48 (London, Cass, 1982)

J. Ajayi and M. Crowder, History of West Africa , vol. II, chap. 19 (Longman, London, 1985)

F. Cooper, Decolonization and African Society (CUP, Cambridge, 1996), pp.212-16, 248-60

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Seminar 10: Black Power: an international movement

Alex Haley and Malcolm X, The Autobiography of Malcolm X .

The Black Power movement [microform]. (microfilm): (Bethesda, Md: University Publications of America, 2001-2004).

Charles E. Jones, The Black Panther Party (reconsidered) (1998)

William Van Deburg, New day in Babylon : the Black Power movement and American culture, 1965-1975 (1992).

Tim Tyson, ‘Robert F. Williams, “Black Power”, and the Roots of the African American Freedom Struggle’, The Journal of American history. (September 1998)

Philip S. Foner, The Black Panthers speak , (New York, Da Capo Press, 2002).

Peniel E. Joseph ed., The Black Power movement : rethinking the civil rights-Black Power era (2008)

James Edward Smethurst, The Black Arts Movement : literary nationalism in the 1960s and 1970s (Chapel Hill 2005).

George M. Fredrickson, Black liberation : a comparative history of Black ideologies in the United States and South Africa (OUP, 1995).

Fabio Rojas, From Black Power to Black studies : how a radical social movement became an academic discipline (2007)

Jama Lazerow and Yohuru Williams, eds., In search of the Black Panther Party : new perspectives on a revolutionary movement , (Duke, 2006). Esp. Davarian L. Baldwin, “The Black Panther Party and the cultural politics of decolonization.”

Bobby Seale, Seize the time : the story of the Black Panther Party and Huey P. Newton , (1991.)

Obi Egbuna, Destroy this temple : the voice of Black Power in Britain , 1971.

R.E.R. Bunce, “Obi B. Egbuna, C. L. R. James and the Birth of Black Power in Britain: Black Radicalism in Britain 1967–72,” Twentieth Century British Histor y, 2011: Vol 22(3): 391-414.

Cynthia Griggs Flemming, ‘Black Women and Black Power: The Casey of Ruby Doris Smith Robinson and the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee’ in Sisters in the struggle : African American women in the civil rights-black power movement Bettye Collier-Thomas and V.P.Franklin eds.,pp 197-213.  

Farah Jasmine Griffin, ‘Ironies of the Saint’: Malcolm X, Black Women and the Price of Protection in ibid, pp 214-229. 

Tracye A. Matthews, “No One Ever Asks What a Man’s Role in the Revolution Is”: Gender Politics and Leadership in the Black Panther Party, 1966-1971.’ In ibid, pp 231-256 

Duchess Harris, ‘From the Kennedy Commission to the Combahee Collective: Black Feminist Organizing, 1960-1980’ in ibid, 280-306.

Regina Jennings, “Why I Joined the Party: An Africana Womanist Reflection.” In The Black Panther Party (reconsidered) , ed. Charles Jones, 257-65 (1998).

Angela LeBlanc-Ernest, “The Most Qualified Person to Handle the Job’: Black Panther Party Women, 1966-1982.’ In ibid, 305-34.

Ula Y. Taylor, “As-Salaam Alaikum, My Sister, Peace Be Unto You: The Honorable Elijah Muhammed and the Women Who followed Him.’ Race and society. 1 (1998): 177-196.

V. T Rajshekar,. 1995. Dalit : the black untouchables of India, Atlanta: Clarity Press.

Barbara R., Joshi, ed. 1986. Untouchables: Voices of the Dalit Liberation Movement. London: Zed Press.

Gail Omvedt, 1991. "The Anti-Caste Movement and the Discourse of Power." Race and class. 33 July-Sept) : 15-27.

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Seminar 11: Afrocentrism

Molefi Kete Asante Afrocentricity : the theory of social change , (Buffalo, NY: Amulefi Publishing Co., 1980).

__________. "African American Studies: The Future of the Discipline .” The Black Scholar 1992 22(3): 20-29.

_____. The Afrocentric idea . Rev. and expanded ed . Philadelphia: Temple University Press. .

_____.  "Are You Scared of Your Shadow? A critique of Sidney Lemelle’s ‘The Politics of Cultural Existence,” Journal of black studies. 1996 26(4): 524-533.

_____. "The Ideological Significance of Afrocentricity in Intercultural Communication,” Journal of black studies. , 1983 14(1): 3-19.

_____. Kemet, Afrocentricity and knowledge , ( Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press, 1990).

_____. The painful demise of Eurocentrism : an Afrocentric response to critics . Trenton, NJ: Africa World, 1999.

Martin Bernal, Black Athena: the Afroasiatic roots of classical civilization (London, 1987).

Martin Bernal, edited by David Chioni Moore Black Athena writes back : Martin Bernal responds to his critics (Durham, N.C. 2001).

Martin Bernal, The Afrocentric Interpretation of History: Martin Bernal Replies to Mary Lefkowitz,” Journal of blacks in higher education. (Spring 1996): 86-94.

Ronald W. Walters, Pan Africanism in the African diaspora : an analysis of modern Afrocentric political movements, (1993).

Tunde Adeleke “Black Americans and Africa: A Critique of the Pan African and Identity paradigm,” in The international journal of African historical studies. 3 1998. Vol 31 No. 3

_____________. “Will the Real Father of Afrocentricity Please Stand,” Western journal of black studies. , 2001 25 (1): 21-29.

Sidney Lemelle, “The Politics of Cultural Existence: Pan-Africanism, Historical Materialism and Afrocentricity,” Race and class. 1993 35(1): 93-112.

Opoku Agyeman , Pan-Africanism and its detractors : a response to Harvard's race-effacing universalists . (Lewiston: E. Mellen Press, 1997).

Donald Collins and Marc Hopkins. “Afrocentricity: the Fight for Control of African American Thought,” Black Issues in Higher Education, 1993 10(12): 24-25.

Nah Dove, “African Womanism: An Afrocentric theory,” Journal of black studies. 1998 28(5): 515-539 .

Gerald Early, “Afrocentrism: From Sensationalism to Measured Deliberation,” Journal of blacks in higher education. 1994(5): 86-87.

Clenora Hudson-Weems, (1197) "African Womanism and the Critical Need for African Theory and Thought,” Western journal of black studies. 21(3): 79-84 .

Terry Kershaw, “Afrocentrism and the Afrocentric Method,” " Western journal of black studies. , 1992 16(3): 160-168.

Dhyana Ziegle , Molefi Kete Asante and Afrocentricity : in praise and in criticism , ( Nashville, TN: James C. Winston Pub., 1995). 

This list was last updated on 24/02/2014