Leeds University Library

HIST5841M
Module Reading List

India since 1947: Community, Caste and Political Violence, 2017/18, Semester 2
Dr WR Gould
W.R.Gould@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

1. The Shape of Indian society and politics: colonial legacies and social change

Key text: Khilnani, Sunil, The Idea of India (1999)

Brown, J., Modern India: The Origins of an Asian Democracy (1994)

Bose S., and Jalal A., Modern South Asia: History, Culture, Political Economy (London, 1998)

Corbridge Stuart and Harriss, John, Reinventing India: Liberalization, Hindu Nationalism and Popular Democracy (2000)

Hasan, Mushirul, Legacy of a Divided Nation (London, 1996)

Jalal, Ayesha, Democracy and authoritarianism in South Asia : a comparative and historical perspective (1995)

Talbot, Ian, India and Pakistan (2000)

Tomlinson, B.R., The Indian National Congress and the Raj, 1929-1942 (London, 1979)

Tomlinson, B.R., The Political Economy of the Raj, 1914-1947: the economics of decolonisation in India (London, 1979)

Chandavarkar, R, Imperial Power and Popular Politics: Class, Resistance and the State in India, 1850 – 1950 (Cambridge, 1988)

Pandey, Gyanendra, Remembering partition : violence, nationalism, and history in India (2001)

French, Patrick, Liberty or Death: India’s Journey to Independence and Division (1998)

Vanaik, Achin, The painful transition: bourgeois democracy in India (1990)

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2. The Nehruvian state: Community, society and politics after independence

Class question: How did Congress manage to hold on to power for so long after 1947?

Essay question: Why did independent India apparently resemble late colonial India so closely, and was this conducive to India’s political, economic and social progress?

What was Nehru’s vision for India and how far was it achieved?

Key text: extracts from the Constitution of India, 1950

Brass, Paul, The Politics of India since Independence , 2nd. Edn. (Cambridge, 1994)

Austin, Granville, Working a democratic constitution: A history of the Indian experience (2003)

Khilnani, Sunil, The Idea of India (1999)

Kothari, Rajni, The Congress ‘system’ in India (2002)

Corbridge, Stuart and Harriss, John, Reinventing India: Liberalization, Hindu Nationalism and Popular Democracy (Cambridge, 2000)

Frankel, Francine, India’s Political Economy. 1947-1977: The Gradual Revolution (1978)

Kohli, Atul, The state and poverty in India: the politics of reform (Cambridge, 1987)

Potter, David, India’s Political Administrators, 1919-1983 (Oxford, 1986)

Shepperdson, M. and Simmons, C, eds, The Indian National Congress and the Political Economy of India, 1885-1985 (Aldershot, 1988)

Kohli, Atul, ed., India’s democracy: an analysis of state society relations (Princeton, 1988)

Bose and Jalal, eds., Nationalism, Democracy and Development: State and Politics in India (Delhi, 1997)

Khilnani, Sunil, The Idea of India (London, 1997)

Talbot, Ian, India and Pakistan (2000)

Zachariah, Benjamin, Nehru (2004)

Jaffrelot, Christophe, India’s Silent Revolution: the rise of the lower castes in north India (2003) (first section)

Gould, Harold, Politics and Caste (1990)

Kothari, Rajni, ed., Caste in India Politics (1970)

Rudolph, Lloyd I., ‘The Modernity of Tradition: The Democratic Incarnation of Caste in India’ The American Political Science Review, Vol. 59, No. 4 (Dec., 1965), pp. 975-989

Rudolph Lloyd I Rudolph, . Susanne Hoeber, The modernity of tradition : political development in India (1967)

Lloyd I. Rudolph, Susanne Hoeber Rudolph ‘The Political Role of India's Caste Associations’ Pacific Affairs, Vol. 33, No. 1 (Mar., 1960), pp. 5-22

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3. Indira Gandhi and the Emergency, 1969 – 1984

Class question: Why was Indira Gandhi faced with so much political opposition between 1969 and 1984?

Essay question: Why did the Emergency occur, what changes did it bring about and what impact did it have on Indian politics and society?

Key text: Extracts from the Shah Commission Report

Mistry, Rohinton, A Fine Balance (1996)

Brass, Paul, The Politics of India since Independence , 2nd. Edn. (Cambridge, 1994)

Dhar, P.N, Indira Gandhi, the Emergency and Indian Democracy (Oxford, 2000)

Frankel, Francine, India’s Political Economy. 1947-1977: The Gradual Revolution (1978)

Frank, Katherine, Indira: the life of Indira Nehru Gandhi (2005)

Masani, Zaheer, Indira Gandhi: a political biography (New York, 1976)

Frankel and Rao, eds Dominance and State Power in Modern India: Decline of a Social Order, vol. 2 (Delhi, 1990)

Jalal, A, Democracy and Authoritarianism in South Asia: A Comparative and Historical Perspective (Cambridge, 1995)

Talbot, Ian, India and Pakistan (2000)

Hasan, Zoya, ed., Parties and party politics in India (2004)

Austin, Granville, Working a democratic constitution: A history of the Indian experience (2003)

Kothari, Rajni, The Congress ‘system’ in India (2002)

Tarlo, Emma, Unsettling Memories

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4. Poverty, economic ‘development’ and social inequality

Class question: Why has the problem of Indian poverty been so difficult to resolve and why has the economy apparently taken so long to lift off?

Essay question: How can we account for the very uneven economic development in India, in terms of region, class and caste?

Key text: Extract from the Santhanam Corruption Enquiry Report

Lucas, R, and Papanek, G., eds, The Indian Economy: Recent Developments and Future Prospects (Delhi, 1988)

Bardhan, Pranab, The Political Economy of Development in India (Oxford, 1984)

Frankel, Francine, India’s Political Economy. 1947-1977: The Gradual Revolution (1978)

Dreze and Sen, India: Economic Development and Social Opportunity (Oxford, 1995)

Dreze and Sen, India: development and participation (2002)

Jayal, N.G., Democracy and the state : welfare, secularism and development in contemporary India (2001)

Breman J, Patronage and Exploitation: Changing Agrarian Relations in South Gujarat, India (Berkeley, 1974)

Breman, J., The Labouring Poor in India: patterns of exploitation, subordination and exclusion (2003)

Das Gupta, Chen and Krishnan,eds. Health, poverty and development in India (1996)

Fuller and Benei, eds., The Everyday State and Society in Modern India (2000)

Frankel, F., India’s Green Revolution: Economic Gains and Political Costs (Princeton, 1971)

Tomlinson, B.R., ‘The Historical Roots of Indian Poverty: Issues in the Economic and Social History of South Asia: 1880-1960’ in Modern Asian Studies 22, 1, (1988) pp. 123-140.

Assayag and Fuller, Globalizing India: Perspectives from Below (2005)

Sinha, A., India, democracy and wellbeing: an enquiry into the persistence of poverty in a dynamic democracy (2005)

Bardhan, Pranab, The political economy of development in India (1998)

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5. Gender and politics in India

Class question: What have been the main obstacles to female emancipation and empowerment in India since 1947

Essay question: Where has the political and economic empowerment of women been most successful in India and how might we account for it?

Key text: Extract from debate on the Hindu Code Bill

Agarwal, Bina, A field of one’s own: Gender and land rights in South Asia (Cambridge, 1994)

Calman, L. Towards Empowerment: Women and Movement Politics in India (Boulder, 1992)

Chatterjee, P., The Nation and its Fragments: Colonial and Postcolonial histories (Princeton, 1993)

Chowdhury, P, The Veiled Women: Shifting Gender Equations in Rural Haryana, 1880-1990 (Delhi, 1994)

Ghadially, Rehana, Women in Indian Society: A Reader (1988)

Kapadia, Karin, ed., The Violence of Development: The politics of Identity, Gender and Social Inequalities in India (London, 2002) [I will put my copy in the library]

Sarkar, Tanika, Hindu wife, Hindu nation : community, religion, and cultural nationalism (New Delhi, 2001)

Sen, Mala, Death by fire: sati, dowry death and female infanticide in modern India (2002)

Jeffrey P, and Basu A, eds., Appropriating Gender: Women’s Activism and Politicized Religion in South Asia (London, 1998)

Forbes, G., Women in Modern India (Cambridge, 1996)

Rajeswari, Sunder Rajan, The scandal of the state: women, law, citizenship in postcolonial India (2003)

Hasan, Z., Srisdharan and Sridarshan, India’s living constitution: ideas, practices, controversies (2005)

Basu, Srimati, ed., Dowry and Inheritance (2005)

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6. Religion and communal violence since 1947

Class question: What is ‘communalism’, when and where has it been most virulent in India since 1947 and why?

Essay question: How far do you agree with Paul Brass’s argument that communal violence has been ‘produced’ by state agencies and political parties since 1947?

Key text: extracts from Peter Van der Veer, Religious nationalism : Hindus and Muslims in India (1994), pp. 1-24.

Brass, P, Theft of an Idol: Text and Context in the Representation of Collective Violence (Princeton, 1997)

Ludden, David, Contesting the Nation: Religion, Community and the Politics of Democracy in India (Philadelphia, 1996)

Basu and Kohli,eds., Community conflicts and the state in India (1999)

Brass, Paul, The Politics of India since Independence , 2nd. Edn. (Cambridge, 1994)

Hasan, Mushirul, Legacy of a Divided Nation

Madan, T.N., Modern Myths, Locked Minds: Secularism and Fundamentalism in India (New Delhi, 1997)

Varshney, Ashutosh, Ethnic conflict and civic life : Hindus and Muslims in India (2002)

Van der Veer, Peter, Religious nationalism : Hindus and Muslims in India (1994)

Akbar, M.J., Riot after riot: reports on caste and communal violence in India (2003)

Vanaik, Achin, The furies of Indian communalism: religion, modernity and secularization (London, 1997)

Shani, Ornit, ‘The Rise of Hindu Nationalism in India: the Case Study of Ahmedabad in the 1980s’, Modern Asian Studies (2005), 39: 861-896

Babb, L and Wadley, S., eds., Media and the Transformation of Religion in South Asia (Philadelphia, 1995)

Basu K and Subrahmanyam, eds., Unravelling the Nation: Sectarian Conflict and India’s Secular Identity (New Delhi, 1996)

Bhargava, Rajeev, Secularism and its critics (1999)

Upadhyaya , Prakash Chandra, ‘The Politics of Indian Secularism’, Modern Asian Studies, Vol. 26, No. 4 (Oct., 1992), pp. 815-853

Van Der Veer, Peter, 'God Must Be Liberated!' A Hindu Liberation Movement in Ayodhya’ Modern Asian Studies, Vol. 21, No. 2 (1987), pp. 283-301

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7. Regional separatism, 1948 – 1980s: Kashmir, Hyderabad, Assam and the Punjab

Class question: When, why and under what circumstances has India experienced the challenges of regional separatism?

Essay question: Why have the problems surrounding Kashmir been so difficult to resolve?

Key text: Have a look around the ‘Azad Kashmir’ official site - http://www.ajk.gov.pk/site/index.php and Hari Singh’s letter to Mountbatten, Accession of J and K to India, and ‘Article 370 of the Indian Constitution’ - http://www.jammu-kashmir.com/documents/documents.html

Brass, Paul, The Politics of India since Independence , 2nd. Edn. (Cambridge, 1994)

Chadda, M, Ethnicity, Security and Separatism in India (Delhi, 1997)

Puri, Balraj, Kashmir towards insurgency (New Delhi, 1993)

Benei V, and Fuller C., The Everyday State: Anthropological Perspectives on the State and Society in Modern India (Delhi, 2000)

Schofield, Victoria, Kashmir in Conflict: India, Pakistan and the Unfinished War (2003)

Bose, Sumantra, Kashmir: roots of conflict, paths to peace (2003)

Talbot, Ian, India and Pakistan (2000)

Kapur, Rajiv A., Sikh separatism : the politics of faith (1987)

Wilson, A J, and Dalton D, eds, The States of South Asia: Problems of National Integration (London, 1982)

Jeffrey, Robin, What's happening to India? : Punjab, ethnic conflict, and the test for federalism (1994)

Baruah, Sanjib, 'Ethnic' Conflict as State--Society Struggle: The Poetics and Politics of Assamese Micro-Nationalism’ Modern Asian Studies, Vol. 28, No. 3 (Jul., 1994), pp. 649-671

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8. ‘Caste’ and the politics of reservations

Class question: Why has ‘caste’ continued to play such an important part in Indian politics and society in India since 1947?

Essay question: What are the origins and effects of caste ‘reservations’ in Indian politics?

Key text: Selections from Backward Classes Commission, Reservations for Backward Classes: Mandal Commission Report 1980 (1991)

Bayly, Susan, Caste, society and politics in India from the eighteenth century to the modern age (1999)

Corbridge and Harriss, eds., Reinventing India : liberalization, Hindu nationalism and popular democracy (2000)

Jaffrelot, Christophe, India’s Silent Revolution: the rise of the lower castes in north India (20030)

Kothari, Rajni, Caste in Indian politics (New York, 1970)

Beteille, A., Caste, Class and Power: Changing Patterns of Stratification in a Tanjore Village (Berkeley, 1965)

Shah, Ghanshyam, ed., Caste and democratic politics in India (2004)

MacGilvray, ed. Caste Ideology and Interaction (Cambridge, 1982)

Akbar, M.J., Riot after riot: reports on caste and communal violence in India (2003)

Robb, P., Dalit Movements and the Meanings of Labour (Delhi, 1993)

Fuller, C., ed., Caste Today (Delhi, 1996)

Hardiman, David, The Coming of the Devi: Adivasi Assertion in Western India (Delhi, 1987)

Clarke, Sathianathan, Dalits and Christianity : subaltern religion and liberation theology in India (1999)

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9. Indians in diaspora

Class question: Why have Indians and Pakistanis in diaspora maintained such a close link to their homelands and community cultures?

Essay question: Who are the ‘British Asians’ and why has there been so much variation in the experiences of its many communities?

Key text: Selections from Ballard, Desh Pardesh

Bates, Crispin, Community, empire and migration: South Asians in diaspora (Basingstoke, 2001)

Ballard, Roger, ed., Desh Pardesh : the South Asian presence in Britain (1994)

Ali, Kalra and Sayyid, eds., A postcolonial people : South Asians in Britain (2005)

Clark, Peach and Vertovec, eds, South Asians overseas: migration and ethnicity (Cambridge, 1990)

Ansari, Humayun, The "infidel" within : the history of Muslims in Britain, 1800 to the present (2003)

Tatla, Darshan Singh, The Sikh Diaspora: the search for statehood (2004)

Parekh, Singh and Vertovec, Culture and economy in the Indian diaspora (2003)

Visram, Rozina, Asians in Britain (2002)

Puwar and Raghuram, eds, South Asian women in the diaspora (2003)

Rajagopal, Arvind Politics after television : Hindu nationalism and the reshaping of the Indian public (2001) chapter on NRIs

Hussain, Yasmin, Writing diaspora : South Asian women, culture and ethnicity (2005)

Websites:

http://www.movinghere.org.uk - A database of digitised material on Caribbean, Jamaican, Barbadian, Irish, Jewish, South Asian, Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi and Sri Lankan migration into

http://www.leeds.ac.uk/writingbritishasiancities - A project which looks at migration and diaspora of South Asians in five UK cities – Bradford, Manchester, Leicester, Birmingham, Leicester, and Tower Hamlets London.

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10. Indo-Pakistan nuclear crisis

Class question: When and how did India and Pakistan build nuclear arsenals?

Essay question: How might we explain the huge governmental and popular interest in and support for nuclear armament in India?

Key text: Extract from Abraham Itty, The Making of the Indian Atomic Bomb

Abraham Itty, The Making of the Indian Atomic Bomb: Science, Secrecy and the Postcolonial State (London, 1998)

Perkovich, India’s nuclear bomb: the impact on global proliferation (Berkeley, 1999)

Paul, T.V., ed., The India-Pakistan conflict: an enduring rivalry (2005)

Bidwai, P and Vinaik A, South Asia on a Short Fuse: Nuclear Politics and the Future of Global Disarmament (Delhi, 1999)

Synnott, Hilary, The causes and consequences of South Asia’s nuclear tests (1999)

Talbot, Ian, India and Pakistan (2000)

Tellis, Ashley, India's emerging nuclear posture : between recessed deterrent and ready arsenal (2001)

Blinkenberg, Lars, India-Pakistan : the history of unsolved conflicts (1998)

Tellis, Ashley J., India's emerging nuclear posture : between recessed deterrent and ready arsenal (2001)

Bidwai and Vanaik, South Asia on a short fuse : nuclear politics and the future of global disarmament (2000)

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11. Hindu nationalism and the rise of the Hindu right

Class question: What were the circumstances surrounding the rising popularity of the Sangh Parivar, and where has it had most of its support?

Essay question: Has the success of the BJP since 1990 been more down to Mandal than Mandir?

Key text: Selections from Golwalkar A Bunch of Thoughts (1966), available at http://www.golwalkarguruji.org/shri-guruji/thoughts/bunch-of-thoughts-book

Corbridge and Harriss, eds., Reinventing India : liberalization, Hindu nationalism and popular democracy (2000)

Jaffrelot, Christophe, The Hindu Nationalist Movement and Indian Politics: 1925 to the 1990s (London, 1993)

Blom Hansen, Thomas, The Saffron Wave: Democracy and Hindu Nationalism in Modern India (Princeton, 1999)

Andersen and Damle, The Brotherhood in Saffron: The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and Hindu Revivalism (New Delhi, 1987)

Adeney and Saez, eds., Coalition Politics and Hindu nationalism (2005)

Graham, B.D., Hindu Nationalism and Indian Politics: The Origins and Development of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh (Cambridge, 1990)

Sarkar, Tanika, Hindu wife, Hindu nation : community, religion, and cultural nationalism (New Delhi, 2001)

Ludden, David, Making India Hindu: religion, community and the politics of democracy in India (2005)

Bhargava, Rajeev, Secularism and its critics (1999)

Zavos, John, The Emergence of Hindu nationalism in India (2002)

Gould, William, Hindu nationalism and the language of politics in late colonial India (2004)

Shani, Ornit, ‘The Rise of Hindu Nationalism in India: the Case Study of Ahmedabad in the 1980s’, Modern Asian Studies (2005), 39: 861-896

Van der Veer, Peter, Religious nationalism : Hindus and Muslims in India (1994)

 

This list was last updated on 09/12/2009