Leeds University Library

ARTF5031M
Module Reading List

Unfinished Business: Trauma, Cultural Memory and the Holocaust, 2017/18, Semester 2
Dr Dominic Williams
d.p.williams@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

From Trauma to Cultural Memory: The Unfinished Business of Representation and the Holocaust

Week 1

Introductions

Yehuda Bauer, ‘The Place of the Holocaust in Contemporary History’ from Studies in Contemporary Jewry , ed. J. Frankel, 1984

Saul Friedländer, ‘The Shoah between Memory and History’, The Jewish quarterly , Spring 1990, 5-11

Top of page

Week 2

Trauma, Testimony and Witnessing

Key text:

Dori Laub, ‘An event without a witness: Truth, Testimony and Survival’ in Dori Laub and Shoshana Felman. eds., Testimony : crises of witnessing in literature, psychoanalysis, and history New York ; London : Routledge, 1992

Other texts in the reader:

Cathy Caruth, ‘Introduction,’ Trauma : explorations in memory (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 1995), 3-12.

Primo Levi, Preface and Ch.1 ‘The Memory of the Offence,’ The drowned and the saved , trans. Raymond Rosenthal (London: Abacus, 1989), 1-21.

Charlotte Delbo, extract from None of us will return

Jean Améry, ‘Torture,’ At the mind's limits : contemplations by a survivor on Auschwitz and its realities , 21-40

Further reading

Roger Luckhurst, The trauma question (London: Routledge, 2008),provides a good overview of the theoretical evolution of the concept of trauma and studies of trauma and film, literature and art relevant to this module.

On Trauma

Saul Friedländer, ‘Trauma, Memory and Transference,’ in Geoffrey Hartman, ed., Holocaust remembrance : the shapes of memory (Oxford: Blackwell, 1994), 252-263.

Dori Laub, ‘Bearing Witness, or the Vicissitudes of Listening,’ in Felman and Laub, Testimony : crises of witnessing in literature, psychoanalysis, and history 57-74 .

Lawrence Langer, Holocaust testimonies : the ruins of memory (New Haven; London: Yale University Press, 1991).

Eric Santner, ‘History Beyond the Pleasure Principle’ in Friedländer, ed., Probing the limits of representation : Nazism and the "Final Solution" 143-154 .

Testimony

Robert Antelme  The human race  (1947)

Janina Bauman  Winter in the morning : a young girl's life in the Warsaw Ghetto and beyond, 1939-1945  (1991)

Tadeusz Borowski,  This way for the gas, ladies and gentlemen  (1948)

Charlotte Delbo,  None of us will return  (1965)

Sarah Kofman,  Rue Ordener, rue Labat  (1994)

Primo Levi,  If this is a man ; and The truce  (1958)

Giuliana Tedeschi  There is a place on earth : a woman in Birkenau  (1988)

Elie Wiesel  Night  (1958)

Top of page

Week 3

Stolen Childhoods and the Feminisation of the Holocaust: The Life and Death of Anne Frank

Key text:

The diary of Anne Frank new complete edition 1997

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Week 4

Auschwitz and After: History, Philosophy and Representation

Key text

Theodor Adorno, ‘Commitment’ 1962 in  The Essential Frankfurt School reader  New York : Urizen Books,1978

Texts in the reader:

Theodor W. Adorno, ‘After Auschwitz’ [1966] in Negative dialectics , trans. E. B. Ashton (London: Routledge, 1973), 361-364.

Michael Rothberg, ‘After Adorno: Culture in the Wake of Catastrophe,’ in Traumatic realism : the demands of Holocaust representation (Minneapolis; London: University of Minnesota Press, 2000), 25-58.

Further reading:

Josh Cohen, ‘The Ever-Broken Promise of Happiness’ in Interrupting Auschwitz (New York; London: Continuum, 2005), 25-69. Presentation groups will each choose one of the following topics, research and report back on it

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Week 5

The Banality of Evil: the Trial of Eichmann and its Cultural Significance

Key text:

Hannah Arendt, Eichmann in Jerusalem : a report on the banality of evil New York, N.Y. : Penguin Books, 2006

Texts in the reader:

Richard Bernstein, ‘From Radical Evil to the Banality of Evil: From Superfluousness to Thoughtlessness,’ in Hannah Arendt and the Jewish question (Oxford: Polity, 1996), 137-153.

Further reading

David Cesarani, Becoming Eichmann : rethinking the life, crimes, and trial of a "desk murderer" (Cambridge, MA: Da Capo, 2004) [published in UK as Eichmann: His Life and Crimes ]

Shoshana Felman, ‘A Ghost in the House the House of Justice: Death and the Language of the Law’ in The juridical unconscious : trials and traumas in the twentieth century (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2002), 131-168.

Jeffrey Shandler, While America watches : televising the Holocaust (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999).

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Week 7

Testimony from Within

Key text:

Ber Mark, ed.,   The scrolls of Auschwitz   (Tel Aviv: Am Oved, 1985), extracts.

Texts in the reader:

Nicholas Chare,  Auschwitz and afterimages : abjection, witnessing, and representation  (London: I. B. Tauris, 2011), 125-150

Nicholas Chare and Dominic Williams,  Matters of testimony : interpreting the scrolls of Auschwitz.  (New York: Berghahn, 2016), 93-124.

Further reading:

Nicholas Chare and Dominic Williams, eds.,  Representing Auschwitz : at the margins of testimony  (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013).

Georges Didi-Huberman,  Images in spite of all : four photographs from Auschwitz  (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008).

Zalmen Gradowski, ‘The Czech Transport: A Chronicle of the Auschwitz Sonderkommando,’ in David Roskies, ed.,  The literature of destruction : Jewish responses to catastrophe  (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 1988), 548-569.

Gideon Greif,  We wept without tears : testimonies of the Jewish Sonderkommando from Auschwitz  (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2005).

Filip Müller,  Eyewitness Auschwitz : three years in the gas chambers  [1979], trans. Susanne Flatauer (Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 1999).

Susan L. Pentlin, ‘Testimony from the Ashes: Final Words from Auschwitz-Birkenau Sonderkommando’, in Dennis B. Klein et al.,  eds.,  The genocidal mind : selected papers from the 32nd annual scholars' conference on the Holocaust and the churches  (St. Paul: Paragon, 2005).

Szkicownik z Auschwitz = The Sketchbook from Auschwitz  , (Oświęcim: Państwowe Muzeum Auschwitz-Birkenau, 2011).

Dan Stone, ‘The Sonderkommando Photographs,’  Jewish social studies.  7.3 (Spring 2001): 131-148.

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Week 8

The Commemoration Debate:

Key text:

James Young, ‘Memory and the End of the Holocaust,’ in Shelley Hornstein and Florence Jacobowitz, eds.,  Image and remembrance : representation and the Holocaust  (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2002), 59-78

Other texts in the reader:

Daniel Libeskind, ‘Trauma,’ in Hornstein and Jacobowitz, 43-58

Andreas Huyssen, ‘Monuments and Holocaust Memory in a Media Age,’ Twilight memories : marking time in a culture of amnesia (London: Routledge, 1995), 249-260

Topic 1: Holocaust Memorials and Counter Memorials: Germany

Peter Carrier, Holocaust monuments and national memory cultures in France and Germany since 1989 : the origins and political function of the Vél' d'Hiv' in Paris and the Holocaust Monument in Berlin (New York; Oxford: Berghahn, 2005).

Mark Godfrey, Abstraction and the Holocaust (New Haven, CT; London: Yale University Press, 2007).

Jennifer A. Jordan, Structures of memory : understanding urban change in Berlin and beyond (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2006).

Sybil Milton and Ira Nowinsky, In fitting memory : the art and politics of Holocaust memorials (Detroit: Wayne State University Press; Berkeley: Judah L. Magnes Museum, 1991).

‘Stolpersteine,’ http://www.stolpersteine.eu/en/

Karen E. Till, The new Berlin : memory, politics, place (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2005).

Monica Bohm Duchen Art After Auschwitz : responses to the Holocaust in contemporary art and Young The Art of Memory

James Young, ‘Memory Against Itself,’ in At memory's edge : after-images of the Holocaust in contemporary art and architecture, 120-152

Topic 2: Auschwitzland

Andrew Charlesworth and Michael Addis, ‘Memorialization and the Ecological Landscapes of Holocaust Sites: The cases of Plaszow and Auschwitz-Birkenau’, Landscape research. 27.3 (2002): 229-251.

Tim Cole, ‘Auschwitz,’ in Images of the Holocaust : the myth of the 'Shoah business' (London: Duckworth, 1999), 97-120.

Debórah Dwork and Robert van Pelt, Auschwitz 1270 to the present (New York: Norton, 1996), esp. 354-378.

Isabelle Engelhardt, A topography of memory : representations of the Holocaust at Dachau and Buchenwald in comparison with Auschwitz, Yad Vashem and Washington D.C. (Bern: Peter Lang, 2002).

Jonathan Huener, Auschwitz, Poland, and the politics of commemoration, 1945-1979 (Athens: Ohio University Press, 2003).

Jonathan Webber, ‘The Kingdom of Death as a Heritage Site: Making Sense of Auschwitz,’ in William Logan, Máiréad Nic Craith and Ullrich Kockel, eds., A companion to heritage studies (Chichester: Wiley and Sons, 2015), 115-132.

Topic 3: Memorial Museums: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (Washington, DC) and Yad Vashem (Jerusalem)

On the USHMM

Adrian Dannatt, United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, James Ingo Freed (London: Phaidon, 1995).

Ken Johnson, ‘Art & Memory,’ Art in America. 81.11 (November 1993) : 90-99.

Edward Linenthal, Preserving memory : the struggle to create America's Holocaust Museum (Princeton: Columbia University Press, 2001).

Andrea Liss, ‘The Identity Card Project and the Tower of Aces at the US Holocaust Memorial Museum,’ in Trespassing through shadows : memory, photography, and the Holocaust (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1998), 13-38.

Jeshajahu Weinberg and Rina Elieli, The Holocaust Museum in Washington , (New York: Rizzoli International Publications, 1995).

Yaffa Eliach, There once was a world : a nine-hundred-year chronicle of the shtetl of Eishyshok  (Boston: Little, Brown, 1998).

On Yad Vashem

Tim Cole, ‘Yad Vashem,’ in Images of the Holocaust : the myth of the 'Shoah business' (London: Duckworth, 1999), 97-120.

Bella Gutman and Avner Shalev, To bear witness : Holocaust remembrance at Yad Vashem (Jerusalem: Yad Vashem, 2005)

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Week 9

Art after Auschwitz

Key Text:

Ziva Amishai- Maisels Depiction and interpretation : the influence of the Holocaust on the visual arts Oxford; New York: Pergamon Press, 1993 (Huge compendium and reference text)

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Week 10

The Holocaust and Cinema: Popular Culture and its Other

Key text s :

Schindler's List (1992, dir. Steven Spielberg)

Miriam Bratu Hansen, ‘ Schindler’s List is not Shoah : Second Commandment, Popular Modernism and Public Memory’, Critical inquiry. 22.2 (1996): 292-312

Aaron Kerner, Film and the Holocaust : new perspectives on dramas, documentaries, and experimental films (New York: Continuum, 2011), 1-13.

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Week 11

Shoah (1985)

Key Text:

Shoshana Felman, ‘In an Era of Testimony: Claude Lanzmann’s Shoah Yale French studies. 79 (1991): 39-81.

Other texts in reader:

Claude Lanzmann, ‘From the Holocaust to the Holocaust Telos. 42 (1979): 137-143.

Jonathan Davis, ‘ Shoah : A Film by Claude Lanzmann’ The Jewish quarterly. 33.1 (1986): 7-9.

Georges Didi-Huberman, ‘The Site, Despite Everything,’ in Stuart Liebman, ed., Claude Lanzmann's Shoah : key essays (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007), 113-123.

Further reading:

Nelly Furman, ‘The Languages of Pain in Shoah , in Lawrence Kritzman, ed., Auschwitz and after : race, culture, and "the Jewish question" in France (London: Routledge, 1995), 299-312.

Shoshana Felman, ‘The Return of the Voice: Claude Lanzmann’s Shoah ’ in Laub and Felman, Testimony : crises of witnessing in literature, psychoanalysis, and history 204-283.

Gertrude Koch, ‘The Aesthetic Transformation of the Image of the Unimaginable: Notes on Claude Lanzmann’s Shoah ,’ October. 48 (1989): 15-24.

Dominick LaCapra, ‘Lanzman’s Shoah : Here there is no Why,’ Critical inquiry. 23 (1997): 231-269.

Stuart Liebman, ed.,  Claude Lanzmann's Shoah : key essays  (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007).

Margaret Olin, ‘Lanzmann’s Shoah and the Topography of the Holocaust Film,’ Representations. 57 (Winter 1997): 1-23.

Sue Vice, Shoah  (London: Palgrave Macmillan for the BFI, 2011)


General Reading List

Basic Sources

Haim Bresheeth, Stuart Hood and Liza Janz, The Holocaust for beginners 1994

Walter Laqueur The Holocaust encyclopedia , London and new York: Yale University Press, 2001

Neil Levi and Michael Rothberg, The Holocaust : theoretical readings , Edinburgh University Press, 2003

General Histories

Donald Bloxham, The final solution : a genocide (2009)

Saul Friedlander, Nazi Germany and the Jews. Vol.1, The years of persecution, 1933-1939 Vol 1: The Years of Persecution (1997) Vol 2: The Years of Extermination (2007)

Raul Hilberg, The Destruction of the European Jews , CT: Yale University Press, (1973)

Timothy Snyder, Bloodlands : Europe between Hitler and Stalin (2010)

Testimony and Literature

Robert Antelme, The Human Species 1987

David Barnouw and Gerrold van der Stroom eds. translated by Arnold J. Pomerans and B.M. Mooyaart-Doubleday The diary of Anne Frank : the critical edition New York; London: Doubleday, 1989.

Janina Bauman Winter in the morning : a young girl's life in the Warsaw Ghetto and beyond, 1939-1945 , London: Virago, 1986

Adam Czerniakow, The Warsaw diary of Adam Czerniakow : prelude to doom :New York : Stein and Day, 1979

Charlotte Delbo Auschwitz and after New Haven ; London: Yale University Press, 1995

Charlotte Delbo Days and memory Evanston, Ill: Marlboro Press/Northwestern, 2001

Lucian Dobroszycki, The Chronicle of the Aódz ghetto 1941-1944 New Haven [Conn.] ; London: Yale University Press, 1984

Primo Levi, If this is a man ; and The truce 1959

Primo Levi, The drowned and the saved London: Abacus,1989

Theo Richmond Konin : a quest London: Vintage, 1996

Elie Wiesel, Night Harmondsworth : Penguin, 1981

Theoretical Studies

Paul Antze and Michael Lambek. eds. Tense past : cultural essays in trauma and memory New York: Routledge, 1996

Zygmunt Bauman, Modernity and the Holocaust 1989

Elizabeth Bellamy, Affective genealogies : psychoanalysis, postmodernism, and the "Jewish question" after Auschwitz Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press,1997

Maurice Blanchot, The writing of the disaster = L'écriture du désastre

Cathy Caruth, Trauma : explorations in memory , Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 1995

Saul Friedlander, Probing the limits of representation : Nazism and the "Final Solution" Cambridge (Mass.) ; London : Harvard University Press, 1992

Saul Friedlander, Reflections of Nazism : an essay on kitsch and death Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993

Geoffrey Hartman, Holocaust remembrance : the shapes of memory Oxford: Blackwell, 1994

L Kritzman, Auschwitz and after : race, culture, and "the Jewish question" in France , 1995

Dominick LaCapra, Representing the Holocaust : history, theory, trauma Ithaca: Cornell University Press,1994

Dominick LaCapra, History and memory after Auschwitz Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1998

Lawrence Langer, Holocaust testimonies : the ruins of memory New Haven; London: Yale University Press, 1991

Lawrence Langer, Preempting the Holocaust New Haven; London: Yale University Press, 1998

Dori Laub & Shoshana Felman. eds. Testimony : crises of witnessing in literature, psychoanalysis, and history , New York; London : Routledge, 1992

A Milchman and A Rosenberg, eds. Postmodernism and the Holocaust 1998

Moishe Postone and Eric Santner.eds. Catastrophe and meaning : the Holocaust and the twentieth century Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003

David Rousset The other kingdom 1947

James E Young, Writing and rewriting the Holocaust : narrative and the consequences of interpretation Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1988

Cultural Memory, Museums, Cultural Effects and Images of/after the Shoah

Dora Apel, Memory effects : the Holocaust and the art of secondary witnessing New Brunswick, N.J.; London: Rutgers University Press, 2002

Monica Bohm Duchen, After Auschwitz : responses to the Holocaust in contemporary art Sunderland: Northern Centre for Contemporary Art ; London : Lund Humphries, 1995 (exhibition catalogue)

Tim Cole Images of the Holocaust : the myth of the 'Shoah business' London : Duckworth, 1999. 1999

James Young, The texture of memory : Holocaust memorials and meaning New Haven; London: Yale University Press, 1993

James Young  The Art of Memory: Holocaust Memorials in History  (New York : Prestel, 1994)

James Young At memory's edge : after-images of the Holocaust in contemporary art and architecture New Haven; London: Yale University Press, 2000

Ernst van Alphen Caught by history : Holocaust effects in contemporary art, literature, and theory Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1998

Photography

Ulrich Baer, Spectral evidence : the photography of trauma Cambridge, Mass.; London: MIT Press, 2005

Marianne Hirsch, Family frames : photography, narrative, and postmemory Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 1997

Andrea Liss, Trespassing through shadows : memory, photography, and the Holocaust , and the Holocaust Minneapolis: University of Minesota Press, 1998

Janina Struk Photographing the Holocaust : interpretations of the evidence London: I. B. Tauris, 2004., London, 2004

Barbie Zelizer, Remembering to forget : Holocaust memory through the camera's eye Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998

Barbie Zelizer, Visual culture and the Holocaust London : Athlone, 2001

Film

Annette Insdorf, Indelible shadows : film and the Holocaust Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989

Judith Donesen, The Holocaust in American film

Jeffrey Shandler, While America watches : televising the Holocaust New York: Oxford University Press, 1999

Toby Haggith, Holocaust and the moving image : representations in film and television since 1933 London: Wallflower, 2005

Joshua Hirsch, Afterimage : film, trauma, and the Holocaust Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2004

Claude Lanzmann, Shoah : the complete text of the acclaimed Holocaust film New York : DaCapo Press, 1995

Thomas Keneally, Schindler's ark London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1982

Tim Cole, Images of the Holocaust : the myth of the 'Shoah business' London : Duckworth, 1999

Anton Kaes, From Hitler to Heimat : the return of history as film Cambridge, Mass. ; London: Harvard University Press, 1989

Eric Santner, Stranded objects : mourning, memory, and film in postwar Germany Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1990

Lawrence Langer, ‘The Americanisation of the Holocaust on Stage and Screen’ in Admitting the Holocaust : collected essays New York: Oxford University Press, 1995

Yosefa Loshitzsky.ed. Spielberg's Holocaust : critical perspectives on Schindler's list Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997

Joshua Hirsch, Afterimage : film, trauma, and the Holocaust ,

Janet Walker, Trauma cinema : documenting incest and the Holocaust , 2005

This list was last updated on 29/01/2016