Leeds University Library

HIST2305
Module Reading List

Mughals, Merchants and Mercenaries: 'Company Raj' in India 1600-1857, 2017/18, Semester 1
Andrea Major
a.major@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Required materials

There is no set text for this course, but a good ‘textbook’ covering most of the period studied is

Lakshmi Subramanian, History of India 1707-1857 , (Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan, 2010).

Other good buys include:

Crispin Bates, Subalterns and Raj : South Asia since 1600 , (Abingdon: Routledge, 2007)

Ayesha Jalal and Sugata Bose, Modern South Asia : history, culture, political economy (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997).

Another key text is:

Chris Bayly, Indian Society and the Making of the British Empire , (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998)

This is available as an e-book via the library’s electronic resources, but as it is extremely useful to the course as a whole you may wish to buy a hard copy for reference.

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Lectures and Tutorials

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Lecture 1: Introduction: An Overview of Pre-colonial India

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Tutorial: Introduction and Administration

Background Reading

Catherine Asher & Cynthia Talbot, India before Europe , (CUP, 2006), intro

Ayesha Jalal and Sugata Bose, Modern South Asia (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997), ch. 3.

Crispin Bates, Subalterns and Raj : South Asia since 1600 , (Abingdon: Routledge, 2007), ch 1.

Gavin Flood, An Introduction to Hinduism , ( Cambridge University Press, 1996), intro. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Burton Stein A history of India , (Wiley-Blackwell, 1998), chs 1 and 3.

Further Reading

Susan Bayly, Saints, Goddesses and Kings: Muslims and Christians in South Indian Society, 1700-1900 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004), ch. 1 Available online

Susan Bayly, Caste, society and politics in India from the eighteenth century to the modern age , (Cambridge University Press, 2001), chs 1 and 2.

Nicholas Dirks 'The Original Caste: Power, History and Hierarchy in South Asia' in Contributions to Indian Sociology .1989; 23: 59-77 OR Nicholas B. Dirks, Castes of mind : colonialism and the making of modern India , (Princeton University Press, 2001), ch 4. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Declan Quigley, ‘Is a Theory of Caste Still Possible? ’ in Ursula Sharma and Mary Searle-Chatterjee, Contextualising caste : post-Dumontian approaches , (London: Wiley-Blackwell, 1994) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Gloria Goodwin Raheja, ‘India: Caste, Kingship, and Dominance Reconsidered’ in Annual review of anthropology. Vol. 17, (1988), pp. 497-522

Cynthia Talbot, ‘Inscribing the Other, Inscribing the Self: Hindu-Muslim Identities in Pre-Colonial India’ in Comparative studies in society and history. y , 37, 1995.

Robert Eric Frykenberg, 'Constructions of Hinduism at the Nexus of History and Religion' The journal of interdisciplinary history. , Vol. 23, No. 3, Religion and History (Winter, 1993), pp. 523-550

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Lecture 2 - The Mughal Empire: People, Power and Politics

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Tutorial: The Organisation of the Mughal State

Background reading

Burton Stein A history of India , (Wiley-Blackwell, 1998), ch. 4.

Barbara and Thomas Metcalfe, A concise history of modern India , (Cambridge University Press, 2006), ch. 1

Ayesha Jalal and Sugata Bose, Modern South Asia (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997), ch. 4.

Francis Robinson, The Mughal emperors and the Islamic dynasties of India, Iran and Central Asia, 1206-1925 (London, 2007), pp. 112-179. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Catherine Asher & Cynthia Talbot, India before Europe , (CUP, 2006), chs 6 and 7

Further Reading

Stephen P. Blake 'The Patrimonial-Bureaucratic Empire of the Mughals' in The journal of Asian studies. , Vol. 39, No. 1 (Nov., 1979), pp. 77-94

M. Athar Ali 'The Mughal Polity—A Critique of Revisionist Approaches' in Modern Asian studies. , 27, 1993, pp 699-710

M. Athar Ali, ‘Towards an Interpretation of the Mughal Empire’, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society. , No. 1 (1978), pp. 38-49.

Sanjay Subrahmanyam, 'The Mughal state--Structure or process? Reflections on recent western historiography' in Indian Economic & Social History Review 1992 29: 291-321. Article available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE .

S. Tambiah 'What did Bernier actually say? Profiling the Mughal empire', Contributions to Indian Sociology , 32, 1998, pp. 361-386

Lisa Balabanlilar, 'Lords of the Auspicious Conjunction: Turco-Mongol Imperial Identity on the Subcontinent', Journal of World History , Vol. 18, No. 1, 2007.

Harbans Mukhia, The Mughals of India (Oxford: Blackwell, 2004), ch. 1 Available online

Rosalind O'Hanlon, 'Manliness and Imperial Service in Mughal North India' in Journal of economic and social history of the Orient. , 42:1, 1999, pp. 47-93.

Muzaffar Alam , ‘The Mughals, the Sufi Shaikhs and the Formation of the Akbari Dispensation’ in Modern Asian studies. 43 , 1 ( 2009 ) pp. 135 – 174.

Richard M. Eaton , The rise of Islam and the Bengal frontier, 1204-1760 [electronic resource] , ( Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993), ch. 7.

John F. Richards, The Mughal Empire (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993), esp chs 1,2,3, 5, 6.

M. Alam & S. Subrahmanyam (eds.) The Mughal State, 1526-1750 (OUP 1998), esp. intro

Farhat Hasan, State and locality in Mughal India : power relations in western India, c. 1572-1730 , (Cambridge University Press, 2004).

Ruby Lal, Domesticity and power in the early Mughal world (Cambridge, 2005).

Andrea Hintze, The Mughal Empire and its decline : an interpretation of the sources of social power (Ashgate: London, 1997)

Jos J. L. Gommans, Mughal warfare : Indian frontiers and high roads to empire, 1500-1700 , (Routledge, 2002).

Harbans Mukhia, The Mughals of India (Oxford: Blackwell, 2004)

Douglas E. Streusand, The formation of the Mughal Empire (Oxford University Press, 1989)

Richard M. Eaton , The rise of Islam and the Bengal frontier, 1204-1760 [electronic resource] , ( Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993), section 2

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Lecture 3 - Fragmentation, Regionalisation and Mughal Decline

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Tutorial: Mughal Decline and Eighteenth Century India.

Background Reading

Lakshmi Subramanian, History of India 1707-1857 , (Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan, 2010), ch. 1.

Barbara and Thomas Metcalfe, A concise history of modern India , (Cambridge University Press, 2006), ch. 2

Catherine Asher & Cynthia Talbot, India before Europe , (CUP, 2006), chs 8 and 9.

Burton Stein A history of India , (Wiley-Blackwell, 1998), ch. 4.

Crispin Bates, Subalterns and Raj : South Asia since 1600 , (Abingdon: Routledge, 2007), ch 2.

Ayesha Jalal and Sugata Bose, Modern South Asia : history, culture, political economy (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997), chs 5 and 6.

Further Reading

Chris Bayly, Indian Society and the Making of the British Empire , (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998), intro and ch. 1.

M. N. Pearson, 'Shivaji and the Decline of the Mughal Empire' in The The journal of Asian studies. , 35:2, 1976, pp. 221-235.

J. F. Richards, 'The Imperial Crisis in the Deccan' in The The journal of Asian studies. , Vol. 35, No. 2 (Feb., 1976), pp. 237-256

P. Hardy 'Commentary and Critique' in The The journal of Asian studies. , 35:2, 1976, pp. 257-263.

J.C. Heesterman: The inner conflict of tradition : essays in Indian ritual, kingship, and society (Chicago, 1985), ch. 11. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Karen Leonard 'The 'Great Firm' Theory of the Decline of the Mughal Empire' in Comparative studies in society and history. , Vol. 21, No. 2 (Apr., 1979), pp. 151-167: See also J. F. Richards, 'Mughal State Finance and the Pre-modern World Economy' in Comparative studies in society and history. , Vol. 23, No. 2 (Apr., 1981), pp. 285-308, and Karen Leonard, 'Indigenous Banking Firms in Mughal India: A reply' in Comparative studies in society and history. , Vol. 23, No. 2 (Apr., 1981), pp. 309-313

Muzaffar Alam, The crisis of empire in Mughal north India : Awadh and the Punjab, 1707-48 , (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986).

S. Alavi (ed.), The eighteenth century in India (Delhi:OUP, 2002), ch. 3.

Philip B. Calkins, ‘The Formation of a Regionally Oriented Ruling Group in Bengal, 1700-1740’ in The journal of Asian studies. , 29:4, Aug., 1970, pp. 799-806

Chris Bayly, Rulers, townsmen and bazaars : North Indian society in the age of British expansion, 1770-1870 , (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1983), intro and ch. 1.

Burton Stein, 'Eighteenth Century India: Another view' in Studies in History 1989 5: 1-26.

John F. Richards, The Mughal Empire (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993), chs 10, 11, 12.

S. Alavi (ed.), The eighteenth century in India (Delhi:OUP, 2002), intro.

P.J. Marshall (ed.), The eighteenth century in Indian history : evolution or revolution? , (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003), introduction Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

James W. Laine, Shivaji : Hindu king in Islamic India (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2003)

Stewart Gordon, The Marathas 1600-1818 , (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993), ch. 3 and 4.

Andrea Hintze, The Mughal Empire and its decline : an interpretation of the sources of social power (Ashgate: London 1997).

Stewart Gordon, Marathas, marauders, and state formation in eighteenth-century India (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994)

P. J. Marshall, Bengal: The British Bridgehead, Eastern India 1740-1828 , (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987), chs 1 and 2.

John R. McLane, Land and local kingship in eighteenth-century Bengal (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002), esp. part 1.

Muzaffar Alam ‘The Zamindars and Mughal Power in the Deccan, 1685-1712’ in Indian Economic & Social History Review January 1974 11: 74-91.

Stewart Gordon, The Marathas 1600-1818 , (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993)

Chris Bayly, Indian Society and the Making of the British Empire , (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998), ch. 1.

James W. Laine, ‘ A question of Maharashtrian identity: Hindu self-definition in the tales of Shivaji ’ in Meera Korsambi (ed) , Intersections: Socio-cultural Trends in Maharashtra , (2000)

John F. Richards ‘The Seventeenth-Century Crisis in South Asia’ in Modern Asian studies. 24:4, 1990, pp. 625-638

R. P. Rana, ‘Was There an Agrarian Crisis in Mughal North India during the Late-Seventeenth and Early-Eighteenth Centuries? ’ in Social scientist. Vol. 34, No. 11/12 (Nov. - Dec., 2006), pp. 18-32

Athar Ali, 'The Passing of Empire: The Mughal Case.' Modern Asian studies. , 9 , 1975, pp 385-396

Muzaffar Alam Eastern India in the early eighteenth century 'crisis': Some evidence from Bihar’ in Indian Economic & Social History Review , March 1991 28: 43-71.

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Lecture 4 - From Trade to Conquest: The Rise of EIC Power

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Tutorial: The Rise of EIC Power.

Background Reading

Lakshmi Subramanian, History of India 1707-1857 , (Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan, 2010), ch. 2.

Barbara and Thomas Metcalfe, A concise history of modern India , (Cambridge University Press, 2006), ch. 2

Catherine Asher & Cynthia Talbot, India before Europe , (CUP, 2006), chs 8 and 9.

Burton Stein A history of India , (Wiley-Blackwell, 1998), pp. 201-216.

Crispin Bates, Subalterns and Raj : South Asia since 1600 , (Abingdon: Routledge, 2007), ch 2.

Ayesha Jalal and Sugata Bose, Modern South Asia : history, culture, political economy (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997), chs 5 and 6.

Further Reading

Lakshmi Subramanian, 'Banias and the British: The Role of Indigenous Credit in the Process of Imperial Expansion in Western India in the Second Half of the Eighteenth Century' in Modern Asian studies. , 21:3, 1987, pp. 473-510

Kumkum Chatterjee, 'Collaboration and conflict: Bankers and early colonial rule in India: 1757-1813' in Indian Economic Social History Review, 30, 1993, pp. 283-310 Article available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE .

Jim Phillips ‘A Successor to the Moguls: The Nawab of the Carnatic and the East India Company, 1763-1785’ International history review. , Vol. 7, No. 3 (Aug., 1985), pp. 364-389

Chris Bayly, Indian Society and the Making of the British Empire , (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998), ch. 2 and 3.

Chris Bayly, ‘The British Military-Fiscal State and Indigenous Resistance. India 1750-1820’, in Lawrence Stone, ed., An Imperial state at war : Britain from 1689 to 1815 , London and New York: Routledge, 1994, pp. 322-354.

P. J. Marshall, 'British Expansion In India In The Eighteenth Century: A Historical Revision' In History. , 60:198, 1975, Pp. 28-43. OR William Roger Louis et al (eds), The Oxford History of the British Empire: The Eighteenth Century , (Oxford University Press, 2001), ch 22.

Ray, R.K., ‘Indian Society and the Establishment of British Supremacy, 1765-1818’ in William Roger Louis et al,The Oxford history of the British Empire Volume II, The eighteenth century (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998)

Robert Travers, 'Ideology and British expansion in Bengal, 1757-72' in The journal of imperial and commonwealth history. , 33:1, 2005, pp. 7-27.

Sudipta Sen, 'Colonial Frontiers of the Georgian State: East India Company's Rule in India'. Journal of historical sociology. . , 7: 368–392.

Sudipta Sen, Empire of free trade : the East India Company and making of the colonial marketplace , (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1998).

Chris Bayly, Rulers, townsmen and bazaars : North Indian society in the age of British expansion, 1770-1870 , (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1983), chs 3-6.

Michael H. Fisher, The politics of the British annexation of India, 1757-1857 (Oxford in India Readings: Themes in Indian History) (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1993), introduction Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Lakshmi Subramanian, Indigenous capital and imperial expansion : Bombay, Surat, and the West Coast (New Delhi, 1996)

S. Arasaratnam, ‘Trade and Political Dominion in South India, 1750–1790: Changing British—Indian Relationships’ in Modern Asian studies. , 13, 1979, pp 19-40

Randolf G. S. Cooper, The Anglo-Maratha campaigns and the contest for India : the struggle for control of the South Asian military economy (Cambridge University Press; 2007)

P.J. Marshall (ed.), The eighteenth century in Indian history : evolution or revolution? , (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003), intro and Section 3

P. J. Marshall, Bengal: The British Bridgehead, Eastern India 1740-1828 , (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987), ch 3.

S. Alavi (ed.), The eighteenth century in India (Delhi:OUP, 2002), chs 5 and 7.

Seema Alavi, The sepoys and the Company : tradition and transition in Northern India, 1770-1830 , (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998).

G. J. Bryant, 'Indigenous Mercenaries in the Service of European Imperialists: The Case of the Sepoys in the Early British Indian Army, 1750-1800' in War in history. January 2000 7 : 2 - 28 ,

Dirk Kolff, Naukar, Rajput, and sepoy : the ethnohistory of the military labour market in Hindustan, 1450-1850 : , (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002), ch. 5. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Philip Lawson, The East India Company : a history , (London: Longman, 1987), chs 4 and 5.

Michelguglielmo Torri, ‘Trapped inside the Colonial Order: The Hindu Bankers of Surat and Their Business World during the Second Half of the Eighteenth Century, Modern Asian studies. , Vol. 25, No. 2 (May, 1991), pp. 367-401

Om Prakash, ‘The English East India Company and India’ in H. Bowen, M. Lincoln and N. Rigby (eds), The worlds of the East India Company , (London: Boydell & Brewer, 2002).

Chris Bayly, Empire and information : intelligence gathering and social communication in India, 1780-1870 , (New Delhi: Cambridge University Press, 1999), ch 2

Rudrangshu Mukherjee, 'Trade and Empire in Awadh, 1765-1804' in Past & present , No. 94 (Feb., 1982), pp. 85-102

P. J. Marshall, "Economic and Political Expansion: The Case of Oudh", in Modern Asian studies , ix (I975).

P. J. Marshall, 'Western Arms in Maritime Asia in the Early Phases of Expansion' in Modern Asian studies ,14, 1980, pp 1328.

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Lecture 5 - 'Era of Reform? ': Consolidating the Colonial State

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Tutorial: Consolidating the Colonial State: Pacification, Administration and Taxation

Background Reading

Lakshmi Subramanian, History of India 1707-1857 , (Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan, 2010), ch. 3 and 4

Barbara and Thomas Metcalfe, A concise history of modern India , (Cambridge University Press, 2006), ch. 3

Ayesha Jalal and Sugata Bose, Modern South Asia (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997), chs 7 and 8.

Crispin Bates, Subalterns and Raj : South Asia since 1600 , (Abingdon: Routledge, 2007), ch 3

C.A. Bayly, Indian Society and the Making of the British Empire (Cambridge, 1988), ch. 4, 5, 6

Further Reading

Nicholas B. Dirks, 'From Little King to Landlord: Property, Law, and the Gift under the Madras Permanent Settlement' in Comparative studies in society and history. , Vol. 28, No. 2 (Apr., 1986), pp. 307-333.

T. R. Travers 'The Real Value of the Lands': The Nawabs, the British and the Land Tax in Eighteenth-Century Bengal. Modern Asian studies. , 38, 2004, pp 517-558.

Michael Mann, ‘A permanent settlement for the Ceded and Conquered provinces: Revenue administration in north India, 1801-1833’ in Indian Economic & Social History Review June 1995 32: 245-269

Bernard S. Cohn Colonialism and its forms of knowledge : the British in India , (Princeton University Press, 1996), ch. 3.

D. A.Washbrook 'Law, State and Agrarian Society in Colonial India,' Modern Asian studies. , 15, 3 (1981), esp. pp. 649-670.

Harald Fischer-Tine and Michael Mann (eds), Colonialism as civilizing mission : cultural ideology in British India , (London: Anthem Press, 2004), ch.1 .

Radhika Singha 'Making the domestic more domestic: Criminal law and the 'head of the household', 1772-1843 Indian Economic & Social History Review 1996 33: 309-343, Article available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE .

Bernard S. Cohn, ‘From Indian Status to British Contract’ The journal of economic history. , Vol. 21, No. 4 (Dec., 1961), pp. 613-628

T Lloyd, 'Thuggee, marginality and the state effect in colonial India, circa 1770-1840' in Indian Economic & Social History Review , 2008.

Radhika Singha “Providential” Circumstances: The Thuggee Campaign of the 1830s and Legal Innovation' in Modern Asian studies. , 27, 1993, pp. 83-146.

Kim Wagner, 'The Deconstructed Stranglers: A Reassessment of Thuggee' in Modern Asian studies. , 2004 OR Kim A. Wagner, 'Thuggee And Social Banditry Reconsidered', in The historical journal. , 2007.

Nitin Sinha, 'Mobility, control and criminality in early colonial India, 1760s-1850s' in Indian Economic & Social History Review 45, 2008, pp. 1-33.

R. Guha, A rule of property for Bengal : an essay on the idea of permanent settlement (Orient Blackswan, 1982).

P. J. Marshall, Bengal: The British Bridgehead, Eastern India 1740-1828 , (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987), ch. 4 and 5.

Jon Wilson, The domination of strangers : modern governance in Eastern India, 1780-1835 (Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2008), chs 4 and 5.

Robert Travers, Ideology and empire in eighteenth century India : the British in Bengal, 1757-93 , (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007)

Stewart N. Gordon, 'Bhils and the idea of a criminal tribe in nineteenth century India' in A. Yang (ed.), Crime and criminality in British India , (Tucson, 1985)

Radhika Singha, 'Settle, Mobilize, Verify: Identification Practices in Colonial India' in Studies in History , 16, 2000, pp. 151-198. Available online

Kim A. Wagner Thuggee : banditry and the British in early nineteenth-century India , (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007).

Parama Roy, 'Discovering India, Imagining Thuggee', in Yale journal of criticism , 9:1, 1996, pp. 121-145 OR Parama Roy, Indian traffic : identities in question in colonial and postcolonial India , (University of California Press, 1998), ch 2.

T Lloyd, ‘ Liminal 'Criminals': Re-thinking Historiographies of, and through, the 'Thuggee' Phenomenon ’ in History Compass , 5:2, 2007, pp. 362-374.

C. A. Bayly ‘Knowing the Country: Empire and Information in India’ in Modern Asian studies. , 27: 1, 1993.

Banerjee, Abhijit; Iyer, Lakshmi, ‘History, Institutions, and Economic Performance: The Legacy of Colonial Land Tenure Systems in India’ in The American Economic Review , Volume 95, Number 4, September 2005 , pp. 1190-1213

Stewart N. Gordon, 'Scarf and Sword: Thugs, Marauders, and State Formation in Eighteenth-Century Malwa' in Indian Economic & Social History Review , 6:4, 1969, pp. 403-429. Article available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE .

Kathleen Wilson (ed) A new imperial history : culture, identity, and modernity in Britain and the Empire, 1660-1840 , (Cambridge University Press, 2004), ch. by Sen Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Peers, Douglas M. ‘Gunpowder Empires and the Garrison State: Modernity, Hybridity, and the Political Economy of Colonial India, circa 1750-1860’ Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East. 2007 27: 245-258

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Lecture 6 - Colonial Society in India

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Tutorial: From Nabobs to Sahibs Background Readings

P. Marshall, 'British society in India under the East India Company', Modern Asian studies. , 31, 1997, 89-108

BS Cohn 'The British in Benares: a nineteenth century colonial society' in Comparative studies in society and history. , 1961, and Robert Eric Frykenberg 'British Society in Guntur during the Early Nineteenth Century' in Comparative studies in society and history. , Vol. 4, No. 2 (Jan., 1962), pp. 200-208

E. M. Collingham, Imperial bodies : the physical experience of the Raj, 1800-1947 (London: Polity Press, 2001), part 1.

Further Reading

Durba Ghosh "Who Counts as 'native? ': gender, race, and subjectivity in colonial India" in Journal of colonialism and colonial history. 6:3, 2005.

Beth Fowkes Tobin Picturing imperial power : colonial subjects in eighteenth-century British painting , (Durham, Duke University Press, 1999), ch. 4. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

P. J. Marshall, 'The White Town of Calcutta under the Rule of the East India Company' in Modern Asian studies. , 34:2, 2000, pp. 307-331

P. J. Marshall ‘The Whites of British India, 1780-1830: A Failed Colonial Society? International history review. Vol. 12, No. 1 (Feb., 1990), pp. 26-44

Margot Finn, ‘Anglo-Indian Lives in the Later Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries’ in Journal for eighteenth-century studies. , 33, 2010: 49–65.

Durba Ghosh, Sex and the family in colonial India : the making of empire , (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006).

Malia B. Formes ‘Beyond Complicity versus Resistance: Recent Work on Gender and European Imperialism,’ in Journal of Social History. y , 28:3, Spring, 1995, 629-641

William Dalrymple, White Mughals: Love and betrayal in eighteenth-century India (Penguin, 2004). See also Pankaj Mishra, "More Trouble Than It Is Worth," Common Knowledge 11.3 (fall 2005): 432–44, and Dalrymple's reply, published in the same issue of Common Knowledge , "Assimilation and Transculturation in Eighteenth-Century India: A Response to Pankaj Mishra," 445–85; also Pankaj Mishra ‘Feel-Good History: A Reply to William Dalrymple's Response’ Common Knowledge 12.1 (2006) 93-95.

Sudipta Sen, ‘Colonial aversions and domestic desires: Blood, race, sex and the decline of intimacy in early British India’ in South Asia. : Journal of South Asian Studies , 24:1, 2001, pp. 25-45 OR Sudipta Sen, Distant sovereignty : national imperialism and the origins of British India (New York: Routledge, 2002), chs 4 and 5.

Betty Joseph, Reading the East India Company, 1720-1840 : colonial currencies of gender : , (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004).

P. J. Marshall, 'Eighteenth Century Calcutta' in R. J. Ross, and G. Telkamp (eds.) Colonial cities : essays on urbanism in a colonial context, ch. 5, pp. 87 - 104 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Nupar Chaudhury, ‘Memsahibs and Motherhood in 19th Century Colonial India’ in Victorian studies. vol. 31:4, 1988.

· P.J. Marshall, 'British Immigration into India in the Nineteenth Century', Itinerario. , 14, 1990, pp 25-44.

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Lecture 7 - Nabobs and New Commodities: Corruption, Consumption and Colonialism


There is no tutorial associatied with this lecture, but those who are interested in the topics covered may want to look at the following readings.

H. V. Bowen, 'British India, 1765-1813: The Metropolitan context' in P. Marshall (ed), The Oxford History of British Empire: The eighteenth century, vol. 2, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998).

Tillman W. Nechtman 'Nabobs Revisited: A Cultural History of British Imperialism and the Indian Question in Late-Eighteenth-Century Britain' in History compass.. , 4:4, pp. 645 – 667

John. E. Wills, 'European Consumption and Asian Production in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries' in John Brewer & Roy Porter (eds) Consumption and the world of goods (London: Routledge, 1993) pp. 133-147.

Maxine Berg, Luxury and pleasure in eighteenth-century Britain (Oxford: OUP, 2005), ch. 2.

Maxine Berg, 'In Pursuit of Luxury: Global History and British Consumer Goods in the Eighteenth Century' in Past & present. , 182, 2004.

Philip Lawson and Jim Phillips "Our Execrable Banditti": Perceptions of Nabobs in Mid-Eighteenth Century Britain' in Albion. , 16:3, 1984, pp. 225-241.

P. J. Marshall, “The Moral Swing to the East: British Humanitarianism, India and the West Indies,” in P. J. Marshall (ed) "A free though conquering people" : eighteenth-century Britain and its empire (Ashgate, 2003)

Tillman W. Nechtman, 'Nabobinas: Luxury, Gender, and the Sexual Politics of British Imperialism in India in the Late Eighteenth Century' in Journal of women's history. , 18:4, 2006, pp. 8–30.

Tillman Nechtman, Nabobs : empire and identity in eighteenth-century Britain , (Cambridge: Cambridge university Press, 2010

H. Bowen, ‘No Longer Mere Traders’ in H. Bowen, M. Lincoln and N. Rigby (eds), The Worlds of the East India Company , (London: Boydell& Brewer, 2002).

Maxine Berg,. 'Asian Luxuries and the making of the European Consumer Revolution in Luxury' in Luxury in the eighteenth century : debates, desires and delectable goods [eds. by Maxine Berg & Elizabeth Eger] (London: Palgrave Macmillan Ltd., 2003) pp. 228-244.

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Lecture 8 - Civilising Mission? Evangalicalism, Utilitarianism and Social Reform.

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Tutorial: Liberalism, Evangelicalism and Civilising Mission

Background Reading

Lakshmi Subramanian, History of India 1707-1857 , (Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan, 2010), ch. 4

Barbara and Thomas Metcalfe, A concise history of modern India , (Cambridge University Press, 2006), ch. 3

Ayesha Jalal and Sugata Bose, Modern South Asia (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997), chs 7 and 8.

Crispin Bates, Subalterns and Raj : South Asia since 1600 (Abingdon: Routledge, 2007), ch 3

C.A. Bayly, Indian Society and the Making of the British Empire (Cambridge, 1988), ch. 5.

Thomas Metcalfe, Ideologies of the Raj , (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998), esp. chs 1 and 2

Further Reading

Michael Adas, Machines as the Measure of Men: Science, Technology and Ideologies of Western Dominance , (Cornell University Press, 1990), ch 4.

Gauri Viswanathan, ‘Currying Favor: The Politics of British Educational and Cultural Policy in India, 1813-1854’ Social text. No. 19/20 (Autumn, 1988), pp. 85-104

Ian Copland, 'Christianity As An Arm Of Empire: The Ambiguous Case Of India Under The Company, c. 1813–1858' in The historical journal. , 49, 2006, pp. 1025-1054.

Lata Mani, 'Contentious Traditions: Production of an Official discourse on Sati in Early 19th Century Bengal' in K. Sangari and S. Vaid (eds) Recasting women : essays in Indian colonial history (New Delhi: Kali for Women, 1989).

H. Fischer-Tine and Michael Mann (eds), Colonialism as civilizing mission : cultural ideology in British India , (London: Anthem Press, 2004), ch. 3 on sati

Andrea Major ‘A Question Of Rites? Perspectives On The Colonial Encounter With Sati’ in History compass. , Sept 2006.

Satudru Sen 'The Savage Family, Colonialism and Female Infanticide in Nineteenth-Century India' in Journal of women's history. , 14:3, 2002, 53-79.

Sudipta Sen, Distant sovereignty : national imperialism and the origins of British India (New York: Routledge, 2002), chs 2 and 3.

David Kopf, British Orientalism and the Bengal renaissance : the dynamics of Indian modernization, 1773-1835. (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1969).

Norman Etherington, Missions and empire , (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005), ch 6.

Eric Stokes, The English Utilitarians and India. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1959)

Andrew Porter, ‘Religion, Missionary Enthusiasm and Empire’ in William Roger Lewis (ed.) The Oxford History of the British Empire , vol. 3, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999).

Geoffrey A. Oddie , Imagined Hinduism : British Protestant missionary constructions of Hinduism, 1793-1900 (New Delhi: Sage, 2006)

C. Robertson, (ed), The essential writings of Raja Rammohan Ray y ( Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1999).

Ashis Nandy, At the edge of psychology : essays in politics and culture ( Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1980), ch on sati. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Ania Loomba, ‘Dead Women Tell No Tales : Issues of Female Subjectivity, Subaltern Agency and Tradition in Colonial and Post-Colonial Writings on Widow Immolation in India’ in History workshop journal. 36:1, 1993.

Malavika Kasturi, Embattled Identities (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2002), ch. 3. Or Harald Fischer-Tine and Michael Mann (eds), Colonialism as civilizing mission : cultural ideology in British India , (London: Anthem Press, 2004), ch. 5.

Gauri Viswanathan, Masks of conquest : literary study and British rule in India , (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1989).

Crispin Bates (ed.), Beyond representation : colonial and postcolonial constructions of Indian identity , (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006), ch. By Bates on human sacrifice. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

*E.T. Stokes, 'Bureaucracy & Ideology in Britain and India in the 19th century', Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. , 5th series, xxx (1980) OR The English Utilitarians and India. , (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1959).

Jeffrey Cox, Imperial fault lines : Christianity and colonial power in India, 1818-1940 , (Stanford: Stanford University Press, c2002), intro and ch 1.

Lata Mani, Contentious Traditions: the debate on sati in colonial India , (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998)

Andrea Major, Pious flames : European encounters with sati, 1500-1830 (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2006), chs 4, 5, 6.

Anand Yang, ‘Whose Sati? Widow Burning in Early 19th Century India’ in Journal of women's history. , 1:2, 1989, p. 8-33.

R Singha, ‘The privilege of taking life: Some 'anomalies' in the law of homicide in the Bengal Presidency’ in Indian Economic & Social History Review , 1993

Jon Wilson, The domination of strangers : modern governance in Eastern India, 1780-1835 (Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2008), ch. 7.

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Lecture 9 - Mutiny? The Indian Uprising of 1857

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Tutorial: Understanding 1857

Background Reading

Lakshmi Subramanian, History of India 1707-1857 , (Hyderabad: Orient Blackswan, 2010), ch.

Crispin Bates, Subalterns and Raj : South Asia since 1600 , (Abingdon: Routledge, 2007), ch. 4.

Ayesha Jalal and Sugata Bose, Modern South Asia (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1997), ch 9.

C.A. Bayly, Indian Society and the Making of the British Empire (Cambridge, 1988), ch. 6

Barbara and Thomas Metcalfe, A concise history of modern India , (Cambridge University Press, 2006), ch. 3

Further Reading

Chris Bayly, Empire and information : intelligence gathering and social communication in India, 1780-1870 , (New Delhi: Cambridge University Press, 1999), ch. 9.

E. Stokes, The peasant armed : the Indian revolt of 1857 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986), intro. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

E. I. Brodkin 'The struggle for succession: rebels and loyalists in the Indian mutiny of 1857' in Modern Asian studies. , 6, 1972, pp 277-290. .

R. Guha, 'The prose of counter-insurgency', in Subaltern studies : writings on South Asian history and society Vol 2. Also available in Nick Dirks (ed) Culture/power/history : a reader in contemporary social theory y (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994), ch. 11.

G. Bhadra, 'Four rebels of 1857', in Subaltern studies : writings on South Asian history and society Vol IV and online at * http://people.cohums.ohio-state.edu/grimsley1/dialogue/mershon/sub_stud.pdf .

Darshan Perusek ‘Subaltern Consciousness and Historiography of Indian Rebellion of 1857’ in Economic and political weekly. Vol. 28, No. 37 (Sep. 11, 1993), pp. 1931-1936

Tapti Roy (1993). ‘Visions of the Rebels: A Study of 1857 in Bundelkhand’ in Modern Asian studies. , 27, pp 205-228

R. Mukherjee, ' "Satan Let Loose upon Earth": the Kanpur Massacres in the revolt of 1857', Past & present. , 128 (1990). See also Barbara English 'The Kanpur Massacres in India in the Revolt of 1857' in Past & present. , No. 142 (Feb., 1994), pp. 169-178 and R. Mukherjee's reply in the same volume.

A.T. Embree (ed.), India in 1857 : the revolt against foreign rule (London, 1963). intro

C.A. Bayly, Rulers, townsmen and bazaars : North Indian society in the age of British expansion, 1770-1870 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983), ch. 8.

R. Mukherjee, Awadh in revolt, 1857-1858 : a study of popular resistance (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984).

K. S. Singh, ‘The 'Tribals' and the 1857 Uprising’ Social scientist. Vol. 26, No. 1/4 (Jan. - Apr., 1998), pp. 76-85

Eric Stokes (1969). ‘Rural Revolt in the Great Rebellion of 1857 in India: A Study of the Saharanpur and Muzaffarnagar Districts’ in The historical journal. 12, 1969.

Kim Wagner, The great fear of 1857 : rumours, conspiracies and the making of the Indian uprising , (Peter Lang, 2010)

William Dalrymple, The last Mughal : the fall of a dynasty, Delhi, 1857 , (London, Bloomsbury, 2009), See also review by Kalpana Wilson, Race and class. January 2008 49 : 106 - 109 ,

Prachi Deshpande (2008). ‘The Making of an Indian Nationalist Archive: Lakshmibai, Jhansi, and 1857’ in The journal of Asian studies. , 67, 2008, pp 855-879

Gautam Chakravarty, The Indian mutiny and the British imagination , (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005).

Alex Padamsee, Representations of Indian Muslims in British colonial discourse (Palgrave Macmillan, 2005).

Biswamoy Pati, 'Historians and Historiography: Situating 1857' in Economic and political weekly. Vol. 42, No. 19 (May 12-18, 2007), pp. 1686-1691

Peter Robb, 'On the Rebellion of 1857: A Brief History of an Idea' in Economic and political weekly. Vol. 42, No. 19 (May 12-18, 2007), pp. 1696-1702

Kim A. Wagner, 'The Marginal Mutiny: The New Historiography of the Indian Uprising of 1857' History compass , 9: 2011, 760–766.

Ranajit Guha , Elementary aspects of peasant insurgency in colonial India . (Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1983), introduction

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Lecture 10: Retrospective - The impact of East India company Rule – continuity or change?

There is no tutorial assocatied with this lecture, but those who are interested in the topics covered may want to look at the following readings.

Eric Stokes, 'The First Century Of British Colonial Rule In India: Social Revolution Or Social Stagnation? ' Past & present. 58: 136-160.

David Washbrook 'South India 1770–1840: The Colonial Transition' in Modern Asian studies. , 38, 2004, pp 479-516.

D. Washbrook, 'India, 1818-1860: two faces of colonialism' in A. Porter (ed.), The Oxford History of the British Empire vol III (Oxford: OUP, 1999).

Chris Bayly, Rulers, townsmen and bazaars : North Indian society in the age of British expansion, 1770-1870 , (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1983), chs 7-11

D. A. Washbrook 'Economic Depression and the Making of Traditional Society in Colonial India, 1820–55' Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. , 6th series, vol 3 (1993), 237–63.

Ira Klein, ‘Materialism, Mutiny and Modernization in British India’, in Modern Asian studies. , 34, 2000, pp 545-580

This list was last updated on 02/08/2016