Leeds University Library

IDEA5250M
Module Reading List

Professional Issues 3: Consent and Contracts, 2017/18, Semester 2
Rob Lawlor
r.s.lawlor@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Unit 1: Introduction and Case Studies

Required reading:

Chang, H. (2002). Kicking away the ladder : development strategy in historical perspective . London: Anthem, pp. 1-12, and 139-141.

Further reading:

Hill, K. (2014). Facebook Manipulated 689,003 Users' Emotions For Science. Forbes .

Julian Sheather, ‘Should we pay drug addicts £200 to be sterilised’, British medical journal. , 17th October 2010.

Dominic Wilkinson, ‘Embrace the controversy: let's offer Project Prevention on the NHS’, Practical Ethics: Ethics in the News University of Oxford, April 30th 2010.

Julian Savulescu, ‘Response to: Embrace the controversy: let's offer Project Prevention on the NHS’, Practical Ethics: Ethics in the News University of Oxford, May 3rd 2010.

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Required reading:

Simmons, A.J. (1976). Tacit Consent and Political Obligations. Philosophy & public affairs. 5(3): 274-291.
When you are reading this piece from Simmons please focus on his analysis of valid consent rather than the problem of political obligation. PLEASE NOTE: you only need to read up until the end of p. 288.

Weale, A. (1978). Consent. Political studies. 26(1): 65-77.
Again, please focus on Weale's account of consent rather than its application to the problem of political obligation. PLEASE NOTE: you do not need to read the final section (VI).

Further reading:

Hart, H.L.A. (1955). Are there any natural rights? Philosophical review. 64(2): 175-191.

Simmons, A.J. Moral principles and political obligations . Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp. 102-136 (end of section Viv).

Shiffrin, S. (2008). Promising, Intimate Relationships, and Conventionalism. Philosophical review. 117(4): 481-524.

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Unit 3: The Principle of Fairness

Required reading:

Simmons, A.J. Moral principles and political obligations . Princeton: Princeton University Press, pp. 102-136.
Available as an Online Course Reading

Further reading:

Arneson, R.J. (1982). The Principle of Fairness and Free-rider Problems. Ethics. 92(4): 616-633.

Cullity, G. (1995). Moral Free Riding. Philosophy & public affairs. 24(1): 3-34.

Hart, H.L.A. (1955). Are there any natural rights? Philosophical review 64(2): 175-191.

Nozick, R. (1998). Anarchy, state and utopia . Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 90-95.
Available as an Online Course Reading

Rawls, J. (1999). Legal Obligation and the Duty of Fair Play. Collected papers , pp. 117-129. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

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Required reading:

Davis, J.K. (2008). How to justify enforcing a Ulysses contract when Ulysses is competent to refuse. Kennedy Institute of Ethics journal. 18(1): 87-106.

Dworkin, G. (1988). Is More Choice Better than Less? In The theory and practice of autonomy , Chapter 5. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Further reading:

Cronqvist, H. and Thaler, R. (2004). Design Choices in privatized social-security systems: Learning for the Swedish experience. American economic review. 94(2): 424-428.

Iyengar, S. and Kamenica, E. (2010). Choice Proliferation, Simplicity Seeking and Asset Allocation. Journal of Public Economics. 94(7-8): 530-539.

Iyengar, S. (2011). The art of choosing . London: Abacus. Especially pages 194-200 and Chapter 6.

Sunstein, C. (2015). Endless options can be exhausting. We need to know when choice matters. The Guardian .

Thaler, R. and Sunstein, C.R. (2008). Nudge : improving decisions about health, wealth, and happiness London: Yale University Press. Especially page 145.

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Required reading:

Feinberg, J., The moral limits of the criminal law , Harm to others (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984), p. 115-117.
Available as an Online Course Reading.

Feinberg, J. (1988). The moral limits of the criminal law . Harmless wrongdoing. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. xix-xx, 124-133, 173-175, 328-333.
Available as an Online Course Reading

Wikler, D. (1979). Paternalism and the Mildly Retarded. Philosophy & public affairs. 8(4): 377-392.

Further reading:

Owens, D. (2006). A Simple Theory of Promising. Philosophical review. 115(1): 51-77.

Raz, J. (1982): Review: Promises in Morality and Law. Harvard Law Review. 95(4): 916-938.

Scanlon, T.M. (1998). What We Owe to Each Other . London : Belknap.

Wertheimer, A. (2008). Exploitation. In Zalta, E.N. (ed.) Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource].

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Required reading:

Wertheimer, A. (2008). Exploitation. In Zalta, E.N. (ed.) Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource].

Further reading:

Chang, H-J. (2011). Harmless Wrongdoing . London: Penguin.

Chang, H-J. (2013). Decent wages or a breadline economy: it's a no-brainer. The Guardian .

Chang, H-J. (2013). Company profits depend on the 'welfare payments' they get from society. The Guardian .

Coakley, M., Kates, M. (2013). The Ethical and Economic Case for Sweatshop Regulation. Journal of business ethics. 117(3): 553-558.

Davis, D.B. (2006). Inhuman bondage : the rise and fall of slavery in the New World . Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Feinberg, J. (1988). The moral limits of the criminal law . Harmless wrongdoing. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. xix-xx.
Available as an Online Course Reading

Lawlor, R. (2011). Organ sales needn't be exploitative (but it matters if they are) Bioethics. 25(5): 250-9.
(This is very heavily based on Wertheimer's account. It also has the benefit of discussing parts of Wertheimer's view (from the last chapter of his book Exploitation ) which are not discussed much in his Stanford Encyclopedia entry. This makes this paper useful for the exploitation essay question.)

Lawlor, R. (2012). Organ Sales: Exploitative at any price? Bioethics. 28(4): 194–202.

Liberto, H. (2013). Noxious Markets versus Noxious Gift Relationships. Social Theory and Practice 39(2): 265-287.

Mayer, R. (2007). What is wrong with exploitation? Journal of applied philosophy. 24(2): 137–150.
(I think some people find this a bit more accessible than Wertheimer's paper. I think the account of exploitation presented in it is quite similar though.)

Snyder, J. (2010). Exploitation and Sweatshop Labor: Perspectives and Issues. Business ethics quarterly 20(2): 187-213.

Snyder, J. (2008). Needs Exploitation. Ethical theory and moral practice. 11(4): 389-405.

Zwolinski, M. (2007). Sweatshops, Choice, and Exploitation. Business ethics quarterly 17(4): 689-727.

Zutlevics, T.L. (2001). Markets and The Needy: Organ Sales or Aid? Journal of applied philosophy. 18(3): 297–302.

Valdman, M. (2009). Theory of Wrongful Exploitation. Philosophers' imprint [electronic resource]. 9(6). [electronic resource]
(My own view of this paper is that it doesn't pay enough attention to Wertheimer's account of exploitation.)

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Required reading:

Sandel, M. (2013). What money can't buy: the moral limits of markets , Ch. 3, especially pages 114-122. London: Penguin Books.

Further reading:

Arrow, K.J. (1972). Gifts and Exchanges. Philosophy & public affairs. 1(4): 343-362.

Singer, P. (1973). Altruism and Commerce: A defence of Titmuss Against Arrow. Philosophy & public affairs. 2(3): 312-320.

Wilkinson, S. (2000). Commodification Arguments for the Legal Prohibition of Organ Sale. Health care analysis. 8(2): 189-201.

Roodhouse, M. (2007). Rationing returns: a solution to global warming? History and Policy . http://www.historyandpolicy.org/policy-papers/papers/rationing-returns-a-solution-to-global-warming

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Unit 8: License to operate

Required reading:

Dunfee, T.W. and Donaldson, T. (1999). Social Contract Approaches to Business Ethics: Bridging the Is-Ought Gap. In Frederick, R.E. (ed.) A companion to business ethics , pp. 38-55. Oxford: Blackwell.

Graafland, J.J. (2002). Profits and principles: four perspectives. Journal of business ethics. 35(4): 293-305.

Phillips, R.A. and Johnson-Cramer, M.E. (2006). Ties that Unwind: Dynamism in Integrative Social Contracts Theory. Journal of business ethics. 68(3): 283-302.

Further reading:

Buchholtz, R.A. and Rosenthal, S.B. (1999). Social Responsibility and Business Ethics. In Frederick, R.E. (ed.) A companion to business ethics , pp 317-318 ONLY. Oxford: Blackwell.

Boatright, J. (1999). Finance Ethics. In Frederick, R.E. (ed.) A companion to business ethics . Oxford: Blackwell.
(NB this article does not refer explicitly to a social contract theory or to a licence to operate, but some of the discussion in it might be conceived of in these terms)

Rayner, S. (2003). Democracy in the age of assessment: reflections on the roles of expertise and democracy in public-sector decision making. Science and public policy 3(1): 163-170.
This article only refers explicitly to the notion of a license to operate once, but is an interesting critical discussion of the idea of public participation as a sign of implicit consent/ provision of a license to operate for scientific inquiry. In other words it applies the idea to a sphere of professional activity outside that of business.

Airaksinen, T. (2012). Social Responsibility and Business Ethics. In Frederick, R.E. (ed.) Encyclopedia of applied ethics , vol. 3, esp. p. 677, section E. London: Academic Press.

Hampton, J. (1999). Contract and Consent. In Goodin, R.E. and Pettit, P. (eds.) A Companion to Contemporary Political Philosophy , pp 379-393. Oxford: Blackwell.

Journal of business ethics 68(3), 2006.

You should also become accustomed to seeking out additional useful reading material from other sources. It is worthwhile to make a habit of looking at recent journals in the field of applied and professional ethics such as Journal of applied philosophy. , Philosophy and Public Affairs , Res publica. and Ethics. .

If you have difficulty finding helpful readings on a topic do seek advice from the module tutors.

This list was last updated on 22/04/2015