Leeds University Library

HIST3235
Hist3235 Dividing India Reading List

Dividing India: The Road to Democracy in South Asia, 1939-1952, 2017/18, Semester 1, 2
Professor William Gould
W.R.Gould@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Office: Parkinson 417 Tel: 34 33612

Office hour: Tues 12-2pm

Module Aims and Objectives

On completion of this module, students should be able:

  1. To comment critically on the primary sources they have studied.
  2. To compare different kinds of historical sources and to discuss how historians have used them.
  3. To develop a more profound understanding of political ideologies and processes, social organisation and religious ideas in South Asia.
  4. To build a broad knowledge and understanding of the interaction between colonial power and Indian resistance in the era of decolonisation.
  5. To critique existing historical approaches to the phase of decolonisation in India
  6. To engage with new research on the history of the post colonial state and democracy in India and Pakistan
  7. To explore the theoretical literature dealing with the development of democracy and state power in South Asia.
  8. To comment on the historiography surrounding India’s independence and partition, and its significance for Indian political culture.

Module Outline

Indian independence brought about the end of one of world history’s most ambitious colonial projects and the beginning of the world’s largest democracy. Behind the speaker’s podium and beyond the assemblies, the rhetoric and power of the newly independent states that were carved out of colonial India, there was considerable confusion about what freedom from colonial rule would really mean. And there was equally great uncertainty about the chances that unitary states could be maintained against, on the one hand, a holocaust of violence and, on the other, a standoff between two national rivals based in diametrically opposing political ideologies.

Rooted in new, cutting edge research, this module examines how subjects of British India experienced the transition from colonial power to independence and democracy, via one of the most bloody and controversial partitions of modern times. In examining the world’s largest and most participatory democratic experiment using primary sources, some of which (including oral interviews) are unique to the module leader we will explore what happens when a state and a society moves from authoritarian colonial system, to universal suffrage. With the outbreak of war in 1939, Britain sought to exploit Indian resources to the full and this had a dramatic effect on both the negotiations leading up to India’s independence, and on the relationship between Indian society and the emerging post-colonial state. This was also an era of extreme violence: The module explores the controversial theme of ethnic and communal conflict in India, by examining how and why partition in 1947 was accompanied by so much violence, and its longer-term implications. How did the final years of colonialism in India affect the nature of Indian and Pakistani independence? What were the actual experiences of freedom for ordinary Indian and Pakistani subject-citizens? How and why were India’s first democratic elections in 1952 so successful and why did Pakistan move more towards an authoritarian system? Based in new comparisons between India and Pakistan, this module will also explore the long-term significance of independence and partition in 1947 for the post-colonial societies of South Asia. Finally, it will equip students with historical knowledge and theoretical expertise relevant to the problems of development and grassroots democracy in South Asia.

BOOKS RECOMMENDED FOR PURCHASE (please try to purchase the first two, both of which can be had relatively cheaply on Amazon.co.uk)

Penderel Moon, Divide and quit : an eye-witness account of the partition of India, new edn (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008)

Urvashi Butalia, The Other Side of Silence: Voices from the Partition of India (Durham, NC, 2000)

Yasmin Khan, The great partition : the making of India and Pakistan(New Haven, 2007)

William Gould,Religion and conflict in South and Southeast Asia : disrupting violence(Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011)

Ramchandra Guha, India after Gandhi: A History of the World’s Largest Democracy (Pan: London, 2008)

Vazira Yacoobali Zamindar, The long partition and the making of modern South Asia : refugees, boundaries, histories, Histories (New York, 2008)

Teaching Methods

22 seminars of 2 hours each

ASSESSMENTS

2 VLE posts of 500 words each, weeks 1 and 5 of semester 1– 5%

1 group presentation in semester 2 – 5%

1 assessed essay of 4,000 words – 40% due during semester 1 exam period

3 hour examination – 50% - at the end of semester 2

ASSIGNMENT TITLES

ASSESSED ESSAY

Write an essay of 4,000 words in answer to one of the following questions:

1. What are the difficulties in unearthing the nature of popular support for, or reaction to, the idea of Pakistan; where it can be found, and what was its significance?

2. How significant was communal extremism and militarism in the political negotiations and violence leading up to partition in August 1947?

3. How far was the violence leading up to and following partition different to that which preceded it, and how might we explain such similarities or differences?

4. Was the Indian state failing in the 1940s?

VLE POST QUESTIONS

You will be invited to write two VLE posts of 500 words, to be delivered at 12 noon on Monday of weeks 5 and 10. These posts will be gobbet answers in response to a short source extract. Your answer should cover the following things:

a) The origin of the source, and if applicable, its significance.

b) The wider context of the source – it’s background and the events to which it relates.

c) Analysis of the content of the source itself – the significance, or points of interest of this extract in the light of the context.

d) How the source relates to other primary sources.

e) How the source relates to historical debates (if applicable), and what it tells the historian about the events to which it pertains.

SEMESTER TWO ORAL PRESENTATIONS

You will be divided into groups of 3-5 people at the end of semester 1, to prepare a 15-20 minute group presentation, on one of the topics for semester 2. The oral presentation questions are included under the topic headings in this document. You will be given guidance on how to prepare this presentation. You will be asked to sign up for the group oral presentation topics at the beginning of semester 2

For submission dates and other details please see the relevant sections of the School of History’s undergraduate handbook.

‘TurnItIn’– The School of History is operating a system for detecting plagiarism at all levels and requires you to upload an electronic copy of your assessed work for the same deadline as the paper version. Further details can be found on the VLE. Failure to supply this electronic copy of your work will result in the standard penalties for late submission being applied even where a paper copy has been submitted.

FEEDBACK ARRANGEMENTS

Feedback on assessed written work will be given in such ways as the School of History specifies. This is expected to involve the provision by the tutor of de-anonymised feedback sheets alongside a copy of your essay. You are strongly advised to attend a one-to-one feedback session scheduled and publicized by your tutor. Please do not hesitate to see me if you want to discuss your work during the course of the semester.

SAMPLE EXAM PAPER

Please refer to the library’s Past Examination Papers Online Database

SOURCES

Indian historians have long had to talk to people from other related disciplines. You will find that some of the secondary sources are spread over a number of different subject areas in the BL and EBL – Economics, Politics, Sociology, Theology and Philosophy, as well as Modern History. This is one of the great interests of doing Indian history – that it is rather more multi-disciplinary than most other historical subjects. One of the skills of the historian is to locate as well as read and analyze sources, so in most cases you will be expected to use the electronic catalogue to find materials. The secondary sources are intended to be a guide and you are not expected to read every item. On the other hand, you are encouraged to read beyond this list from other items that you locate over the course in Leeds libraries. In some cases I have directed you to specific chapters and sections of works, and in others have left it to your discretion.

THE EXAM

At the end of the course, you will take an unseen written examination lasting three hours. It will include most, but not all of the topics covered in the classes. Throughout the course, I will give you a general sense of what to expect, how to go about noting and using the source materials and advice on revision techniques.

Semester 1 British India

1. Introduction

2. Colonialism and Congress power in India, 1935-9

3. Indian society and politics at the outbreak of war

4. India during the war part I: Rebellion and repression

5. India during the war part II: Rationing, corruption and the state

6. The politics of community in the 1940s: militarism and the religious right

7. The Mahatma meets Quaid-i-Azam: The Gandhi-Jinnah correspondence

8. The Congress-Muslim League-Raj negotiations, 1942-1946

9. Dissertations

10. Mountbatten and the end of Empire, March –August 1947

11. Summary of the semester

Semester 2 Independent India and Pakistan

1. Partition and the anatomy of violence

2. The immediate aftermath of independence: refugees, rationing and state corruption

3. Partition, violence and Indian/Pakistani womanhood.

4. Building the state and citizenship in India and Pakistan: Constitutions and their absence

5. 1948-9 – Kashmir, Hyderabad and the problems of national integrity in South Asia

6. The working of politics in India and Pakistan: Congress power and bureaucratic authority

7. Experiments in democracy: India’s first General Elections, 1951-2

8. Indian and Pakistani society: poverty, land reform and the developmental state

9. The politics of caste, religion and ethnicity in India and Pakistan

10. Dissertations

11. India and Pakistan: international conflict and political divergence

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Semester One

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1. Introduction

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2. Colonialism and Congress power in India, 1935-9

Primary Sources:

Extracts from L. Carter, ed., United Provinces' Politics, 1936-7: Formation of the Ministries and Start of Congress Government and Congress in Mid-Term and next volume (in reading pack).

The Collected Works of M.K. Gandhi (hereafter CW) http://www.gandhiserve.org/cwmg/cwmg.html Vol. 72, No. 2, ‘CWC Resolution’, pp. 2-3; No. 49, ‘Congress Ministries’, pp. 35-8; No. 89.

Pirzada, SS., Foundations of Pakistan: All-India Muslim League Documents, Vol. II, ‘Presidential Address of M.A. Jinnah, 25th Session A.I.M.L., Lucknow, October 1937’, pp. 264-73; ‘Presidential Address of M.A. Jinnah at Special Session, Calcutta, April 1938’, pp. 290-6 (in reading pack)

Selections from The Selected Works of Jawaharlal Nehru, Series 1 (in reading pack)

Secondary sources:

Brown, Judith, Modern India: The Origins of an Asian Democracy(Oxford, 1994), Chpt. 5

Tomlinson, B.R., The Indian National Congress and the Raj, 1929-1942 : the penultimate phase 1914-1947: The Penultimate Phase (1976) Chpts. 2, 3 and 4

Tomlinson, B. R., The political economy of the Raj, 1914-1947 : the economics of decolonization in India (London, 1979) Chpts. 3 and 4

Gould, W., Hindu nationalism and the language of politics in late colonial India(Cambridge 2004) Chpt. 6

Gould, W.,Religion and conflict in South and Southeast Asia : disrupting violence(Cambridge, 2011) Chpt. 3

Low, D.A., Britain and Indian nationalism : the imprint of ambiguity, 1929-1942 (1997), Chpt. 6-7

Hasan, M., India's partition: process, strategy and mobilisation (1994), Chpt. 1

Seal, Anil, ‘Imperialism and Nationalism in India’ in John Gallagher, Gordon Johnson and Anil Seal, eds., Locality, Province and Nation: Essays on Indian Politics, 1870-1940 (Cambridge, 1973)

Robinson, F., ‘The Congress and the Muslims’, in Brass and Robinson, eds., The Indian National Congress and Indian society, 1885-1985 : ideology social structure and political dominance (Delhi, 1987)

Prasad, B., “Congress versus Muslim League, 1937” in R.Sisson and S. Wolpert (eds), Congress and Indian nationalism : the pre-independence phase, pp. 305-329

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3. Indian Society and Politics at the Outbreak of War

Primary sources:

Selections from The Selected Works of Jawaharlal Nehru, Series 1 (in reading pack)

Gandhi, M.K., Non-violence in peace and war, Vol 1, ‘Working Committee Manifesto’, pp. 218-225; ‘Speech at the AICC’ pp. 345-53; ‘To every Briton’, pp. 399-401. (In reading pack)

Pirzada, SS., Foundations of Pakistan: All-India Muslim League Documents, Vol. II, pp. 340-4 – the Lahore Resolution (in reading pack)

Governor General’s Statement on India and the War, 8 August 1940 and Selections from Linlithgow Collection (Oriental and India Office Collections, hereafter OIOC) – In reading pack.

Secondary sources:

Subho Basu, Sanjoy Bhattacharya and Robert Keys, ‘The Second World War and South Asia: An Introduction’, Social scientist. Vol. 27, No. 7/8 (Jul. - Aug., 1999), pp. 1-10

Voight, J.H., ‘Co-operation or confrontation? War and Congress politics 1939-42’, in D.A. Low, The Congress and the Raj(London, 1977), pp. 349-74

Gould, William, Religion and conflict in South and Southeast Asia : disrupting violence, Chpt. 4

Khan, Yasmin, The great partition : the making of India and Pakistan, Chpts. 1 and 2

Newbigin, Eleanor, ‘The Hindu Code Bill and the Making of the Modern Indian State’ (Unpublished PhD dissertation, 2008) – sections to be distributed in class.

Rajnarayan Chandavarkar, Imperial power and popular politics : class, resistance and the state in India, c. 1850-1950: (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998), chpt. 8

Gooptu, Nandini, The politics of the urban poor in early twentieth-century India(Cambridge, 2001), chpts. 9 and 10

Gould, William, Hindu nationalism and the language of politics in late colonial India, Chpt 7

Jaffrelot, Christophe, Dr Ambedkar and untouchability : analysing and fighting caste(2005)

Gupta, Charu, Sexuality, obscenity, community : women, Muslims, and the Hindu public in colonial India (Delhi, 2001)

Fox, Richard, ‘Urban Class and Communal Consciousness in Punjab: The Genesis of India’s Intermediate Regime’, Modern Asian studies., 18, 3, 1984, 459-89

Jalal, Ayesha, Self and sovereignty : individual and community in South Asian Islam since 1850(London, 2001)

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4. India during the war part I: Rebellion and repression

Primary sources:

Selections from Transfer of Power, Vols. I-II (In reading pack)

The Selected Works of Jawaharlal Nehru, Series 1, Vol. 12, ‘AICC Resolution on Quit India, 8 August 1942’, column IV, pp. 437-453 (In reading pack)

CW, http://www.gandhiserve.org/cwmg/cwmg.html Vol. 83, No. 188, ‘Draft Instructions for Civil Resisters’, pp. 169-172; App. IX, - Correspondence with Lord Linlithgow, pp. 461-2 and No. 227, pp. 276-8; No.229, pp. 279-81 and App. X, pp. 462-5; App. XIII, ‘Concluding Chapter…’ pp. 467-9; Ap. XIV, ‘Letter from Sir Richard Tottenham’ pp. 469-72.

Selections from Chopra, P.N., Quit India Movement : British secret documents(In reading pack)

Secondary sources:

French, P., Liberty or death : India's journey to independence and division (1998)

Sherman, Taylor, State violence and punishment in India(London, 2009), chpt 7

Henningham, Stephen, ‘Quit India in Bihar and the Eastern United Provinces: The Dual Revolt’, in Ranajit Guha, ed., Subaltern StudiesII: Writings on South Asian History and Society (Delhi, 1983), pp. 130-179

Ramu, P. S., Gandhi-Subhas and "Quit India" (1996)

Greenough, Paul, ‘Political Mobilization and the Underground Liberation of the Quit India movement’ Modern Asian studies., 17, 3, (1983), pp. 353-86

Chakrabarty, Bidyut, ‘Political Mobilization in the Localities: the 1942 Quit India movement in Midnapur’, Modern Asian studies. 26, 4, (1992), pp. 791-814

Harcourt, Max, ‘Kisan populism and revolution in rural India: the 1942 disturbances in Bihar and east United Provinces’, in D Low, ed, The Congress and the Raj (London, 1977), 349-74

Jalal, Ayesha, The sole spokesman : Jinnah, the Muslim League, and the demand for Pakistan (Cambridge, 1985)

Chatterji, J., Bengal Divided: Hindu communalism and partition, 1932-1947 (1994)

Fay, P., The forgotten army: India’s armed struggle for independence 1942-1945 (1995)

Panter-Brick, S. Gandhi against Machiavellism : non-violence in politics: (1966), Chpt. VI

Pandey, G. (ed), The Indian nation in 1942

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5. India during the war II: Rationing, famine, corruption and the state

Primary sources

Selections from the Famine Enquiry Commission (1948), available in full at http://www.bowbrick.org.uk/key_documents_on_the_bengal_fami.htm - in reading pack

Linlithgow to Amery in 1943, nos. 242, and 243, available at http://www.bowbrick.org.uk/images/Mansergh%201942%20letters.pdf

Transcription of oral interview with R.K Trivedi (conducted by W Gould) – in reading pack

Selections from Food and Civil Supply records, United Provinces State Archives (hereafter UPSA) – in reading pack

Extracts from L. Carter, ed., Punjab Politics 1940-1943: The Strains of War and Punjab Politics 1944-1947 –In reading pack

Selections from P.S. Gupta, ed., Towards Freedom: Documents on the movement for independence in India, Pt. 2 Chpt. VIII - in reading pack

Secondary sources

Subho Basu, Sanjoy Bhattacharya and Robert Keys, ‘The Second World War and South Asia: An Introduction’, Social scientist. Vol. 27, No. 7/8 (Jul. - Aug., 1999), pp. 1-10

Gould, William, Bureaucracy, community and influence in India : society and the state, 1930s-1960s(London, 2011), Chpts. 4 and 5

Khan, Yasmin, The great partition : the making of India and Pakistan, Chpts. 1 and 2

Sherman, Taylor, State violence and punishment in India(London, 2009), Chpt. 7

Bhattacharya, Sanjoy, ‘British Military Information Management Techniques and the South Asian Soldier: Eastern India during the Second World War’, Modern Asian studies., 34, 2, (2000), 483-510

Brennan, Lance, ‘Government Famine Relief in Bengal, 1943’, The journal of Asian studies., 47, 3 (1988), 541-566

Islam, M. Mufakharul, ‘The Great Bengal Famine and the Question of FAD Yet Again’ Modern Asian studies., Vol. 41, No. 2 (Mar., 2007), pp. 421-440

Greenough, Paul R., Prosperity and misery in modern Bengal : the famine of 1943-1944(New York, 1982)

Potter, David C., India's political administrators, 1919-1983 (Oxford, 1986)

Zamindar, Vazira,The long partition and the making of modern South Asia : refugees, boundaries, histories (New York, 2008) – use index.

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6. The politics of community in the 1940s: community, militarism and the religious right

Primary sources

Selections from The Transfer of Power, vols. I-III (in reading pack)

Selections from FO Records, DO133/58 – Political parties and Private armies (online link and page range to be announced)

Selections from Selections from P.S. Gupta, ed., Towards freedom : documents on the movement for independence in India, 1943-1944, Pt. 3, Chpt. XVIII, Nos. 45, 48, 50, 54, 55, 64, 69, 70, 73, 81, 89, 99, 100, 122, 130, 131, 132, 139, 149, 162, 172, 174, 176, 177, 186, 189, 190, 198, 240, 261 – in reading pack

V.D. Savarkar’s Presidential Address at the 20th Session of the All India Hindu Mahasabha, 1938, and L/PJ/8/683, ‘Statement of V.D. Savarkar regarding Hindu militarization’ (in reading pack)

P. Moon,Wavell: The Viceroy’s Journal(London, 1973) – extracts, in reading pack

Extracts from L. Carter, ed.,Punjab politics, 1940-1943 : strains of war : governors' fortnightly reports and other key documentsIn reading pack

Selections from Quaid-I-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah papers / editor-in-chief, Z.H. Zaidi. 1st series. Vols. 1 and 2

Khosla, Stern Reckoning, App 1, pp. 305-6 – in reading pack

Secondary sources

Gould, William, Hindu nationalism and the language of politics in late colonial India(Cambridge, 2004), chpts. 5-7

Alter, Joseph S., ‘Indian Clubs and Colonialism: Hindu Masculinity and Muscular Christianity’, Comparative studies in society and history., 46, 3, 2004, 497-534

Chatterji, Joya, Bengal Divided: Hindu Communalism and Partition, 1932-1947(Cambridge, 1994)

Christophe Jaffrelot,Hindu nationalism : a reader(London, 1994), especially early chapters

Gondhalekar, Nandini, and Bhattacharya, Sanjoy, ‘The All-India Hindu Mahasabha and the End of British Rule in India, 1939-1947’,Social scientist.27, 7/8 (July-August 1999), pp .48-74

Bir Good Gill, ‘Road to Nowhere: The Akalis, Cripps and the Azad Punjab Scheme’, in S Settar and I B Gupta, eds, Pangs of partition Volume I The Parting of the Ways (New Delhi, 2002), pp. 243-58

Malik, Iftikhar H., ‘Regionalism or Personality Cult? Allama Mashriqi and the Tehreek-i-Khaksar in pre-1947 Punjba’, in Talbot and Singh, eds., Region and partition : Bengal, Punjab and the partition of the subcontinent(Oxford, 1999), 42-94

Das, Suranjan, Communal riots in Bengal 1905-1947(Delhi, 1991)

Andersen, Walter K and Damle, Shridha D., The brotherhood in saffron : the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and Hindu revivalism(Boulder, 1987)

Dewey, Clive, ‘The Rural Roots of Pakistani Militarism’, in D.A. Low, ed.,The political inheritance of Pakistan(Basingstoke, 1991)

Gilmartin, David, ‘Religious Leadership and the Pakistan Movement in the Punjab’, in Mushirul Hasan, India's Partition: Process, Strategy and Mobilization(Delhi, 1993), pp. 198-232

Deol, Harnik, Religion and Nationalism in India: The Case of the Punjab (London, 2000)

Talbot, Ian, Freedom's cry : the popular dimension in the Pakistan movement and partition experience in North-West India(Oxford, 1996)

Talbot, Ian, ‘The Growth of the Muslim League in the Punjab, 1937-1946’, The journal of commonwealth and comparative politics.13, 1 (1982)

Copland, I, ‘Crucible of Hindutva? V.D. Savarkar, the Hindu Mahasabha and the Indian Princely States’, South Asia., 25, 3 (2002)

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7. The Mahatma meets Quaid-i-Azam: The Gandhi-Jinnah correspondence

Primary sources

Transfer of Power in india Vol. V, 1 September 1944 – 28 July 1945, No. 30, pp. 82-3; No. 34, pp. 68-9; No. 37, pp. 74-5; No. 46, p. 91, No. 49, pp. 94-5; [See also Vol. IV, no. 574, pp. 1077-9 for description of Rajaji Formula]

CW, http://www.gandhiserve.org/cwmg/cwmg.html Vol. 84 (1944), Letters to Jinnah – cover as many letters to Jinnah as you can, from No. 501, pp. 87-9 to No. 553 ; Also, No. 510, ‘Discussion with Rajago’, p. 378; Also look at Jinnah’s replies, from App. XIX., p. 461; No. 568, ‘Interview to the Press’, pp. 419-23.

Moon, P., ed., Wavell The Viceroy’s Journal , Chpt. 4, pp. 78-9; pp. 82-7; p. 91

Secondary sources

Hodson, H.V., The great divide : Britain, India, Pakistan(1969)

Brown, Judith, Gandhi : prisoner of hope(London, 1989)

Wolpert, Stanley, Shameful flight : the last years of the British Empire in India(Oxford, 2006), Chpts 3 and 4.

Jalal, Ayesha, The sole spokesman : Jinnah, the Muslim League, and the demand for Pakistan(Cambridge, 1985)

Shaikh, F., ‘Muslims and Political Representation in Colonial India: The Making of Pakistan’ Modern Asian studies.20, 3, (July 1986)

Wolpert, S., Jinnah of Pakistan(1984)

Shah, A.B., “Gandhi and the Hindu-Muslim Question” in S. Ray (ed), Gandhi India and the world : an international symposiumpp. 188-208

Khaliquzzaman, C., Pathway to Pakistan (role of imperialism, nationalism and communism)(Lahore, 1961)

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8. The Congress-Muslim League-Raj negotiations, 1942-1946

Primary sources

Cripps Mission Declaration, Statement of the Cabinet Mission, 16 May 1946, Congress/League reaction and Selections from Transfer of Power, Vols. VII and IX – In reading pack

CW, http://www.gandhiserve.org/cwmg/cwmg.html Vol. 82, App. III, pp. 382-4 ; App. IV pp. 384-387

Resolution of the All-India Muslim League Working Committee on war cabinet proposals, 11 April 1942; Pirzada, SS., Foundations of Pakistan: All-India Muslim League Documents, Vol. II – In reading pack

Moon, P., ed., Wavell: The Viceroy’s Journalextracts in reading pack

Selections from The Selected Works of Jawaharlal NehruIn reading pack

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, India wins freedom : the complete version (New Delhi, 1988), selections from Chpts. 5, 11-14 – in reading pack

Secondary sources

Talbot, Ian and Singh, Gurharpal, The partition of India(Cambridge, 2009), Chpts 1 and 2

Moore, R.J., Churchill, Cripps, and India, 1939-1945(Oxford, 1979)

Moore, R.J., Escape from empire : the Attlee government and the Indian problem (Oxford, 1982)

Jalal, Ayesha, The sole spokesman : Jinnah, the Muslim League, and the demand for Pakistan (Cambridge, 1985), Chpts. 3-5

Singh, Anita Inder, The origins of the Partition of India 1936-1947(New Delhi, 1987)

Khaliquzzaman, C., Pathway to Pakistan (role of imperialism, nationalism and communism)(Lahore, 1961)

Burke and Salim Al-Din,Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah : his personality and his politics(Karachi, 1997)

Asim Roy, ‘The High Politics of India’s Partition: The Revisionist Perspective’, in Mushirul Hasan, India's Partition: Process, Strategy and Mobilization(Delhi, 1993), pp. 102-132

Wolpert, Stanley, Jinnah of Pakistan(1984)

Bir Good Gill, ‘Road to Nowhere: The Akalis, Cripps and the Azad Punjab Scheme’, in S Settar and I B Gupta, eds, Pangs of partition Volume I The Parting of the Ways (New Delhi, 2002), pp. 243-58

Rawat, Ramnarayan S ‘Partition Politics and Acchut Identity: A Study of the Schedules Castes Federation and Dalit Politics in UP’, in Suvir Kaul, The partitions of memory : the afterlife of the division of India (Bloomington, 2002), 111-139

Tan, T.Y., ‘Prelude to Pakistan: Sikh Responses to the Demand for Pakistan, 1940-1947’, International Journal of Punjab Studies, 1, 2, (1996), 167-95

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9. Dissertations

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10. Mountbatten and the end of Empire, March –August 1947

Primary Sources

Indian Policy statement, 3 June 1947; Selections from Transfer of Power, Vols X, XI and XII – In reading pack

Extracts from L. Carter, ed., Mountbatten's report on the last Viceroyalty : 22 March-15 August 1947(New Delhi, 2003) – in reading pack

CW, http://www.gandhiserve.org/cwmg/cwmg.html, Vol. 94, Nos. 220, 230, 231, 269 and 277, and Appendices VI, VII, VIII, X, XIV; Vol. 95, Nos. 33, 332, and App. IV, V, XI

Selections from The Selected Works of Jawaharlal Nehruin reading pack

Selections from Quaid-I-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah papers / editor-in-chief, Z.H. Zaidi. 1st series. Vols. 1 and 2 – in reading pack

Foreign Office Records, DO133/100 – Criticism of Mountbatten’s Handling of the Sikhs – available online (link and page range to be supplied)

Partition of the North-West Canal System, 1947 – Report of Punjab Boundary Commission – in reading pack

Extracts from M. Darling, At Freedom’s Door. The Story of a ride across northern India in the winter of 1946-7 (1949) – in reading pack.

Secondary Sources

Hodson, H.V., The great divide : Britain, India, Pakistan(1969)

Pandey, Gyanendra, Remembering partition : violence, nationalism, and history in India(Cambridge, 2001), chpt 2

Jalal, Ayesha, The sole spokesman : Jinnah, the Muslim League, and the demand for Pakistan (Cambridge, 1985) – final chapters

Chatterji, J., Bengal Divided: Hindu communalism and partition, 1932-1947 (1994)

Shaikh, F., ‘Muslims and Political Representation in Colonial India: The Making of Pakistan’ Modern Asian studies.20, 3, (July 1986)

Hasan, M., Indias Partition: Process, Strategy and Mobilization(1993)

Wolpert, S., Jinnah of Pakistan(1984)

Moore, R.J., Escape from empire : the Attlee government and the Indian problem(1983)

Ahmed, Ishtiaq, ‘The 1947 Partition of Punjab: Arguments put Forth before the Punjab Boundary Commission by the Parties Involved’, in Talbot and Singh, eds., Region and partition : Bengal, Punjab and the partition of the subcontinent(Oxford, 1999), 116-167

Chatterji, Joya, ‘The Making of a Borderline: The Radcliffe Award for Bengal’, Talbot and Singh, eds., Region and partition : Bengal, Punjab and the partition of the subcontinent(Oxford, 1999), 168-202

Chester, Lucy P., Borders and Conflict in South Asia: The Radcliffe Boundary Commission and the Partition of Punjab (Manchester, 2009) – extracts to be distributed. See also, essay by Chester at http://www.unc.edu/depts/diplomat/archives_roll/2002_01-03/chester_partition/chester_partition.html

Ahmed, Ishtiaq, ‘The 1947 Partition of Punjab: Arguments put Forth before the Punjab Boundary Commission by the Parties Involved’, in Talbot and Singh, eds., Region and partition : Bengal, Punjab and the partition of the subcontinent(Oxford, 1999), 116-167

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Semester Two

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1. Partition and the anatomy of violence

Primary Sources

Selections from FO Records, DO133/58 – Political parties and Private armies (online link and page range to be announced)

DO133/59-61 – Boundary Commission Awards, disturbances in Bengal and Punjab, and FO 371/92869 – Pakistan criticism of Radcliffe award (online link and page range to be announced)

Extracts from M. Darling, At Freedom’s Door. The Story of a ride across northern India in the winter of 1946-7 (1949) – in reading pack.

Butalia, U., The Other Side of Silence: voices from the Partition of India (2000) – in reading pack

Selections fromQuaid-I-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah papers / editor-in-chief, Z.H. Zaidi. 1st series. Vols. 1 and 2 – in reading pack

G.D. Khosla,Stern Reckoning(first published 1949) – extracts in reading pack

CW, http://www.gandhiserve.org/cwmg/cwmg.html, Vol. 94, No. 248 (read also footnote),

Selections from Das, D., Sardar Patel's correspondence, 1945-50, Vol 4, 5 – In reading pack

Secondary Sources

Talbot, Ian and Singh, Gurharpal, The Partition of India(Cambridge, 2009), Chpt. 3

Gould, William,Religion and conflict in South and Southeast Asia : disrupting violence(Cambridge, 2011), Chpt. 1 and 5

Pandey, Gyanendra, Remembering partition : violence, nationalism, and history in India(Cambridge, 2001), especially chpts. 1, 6 and 8

Wilkinson, Steven, ‘Veterans, Organizational Skill and Ethnic Cleansing: Evidence from the Partition of South Asia’ (Unpublished manuscript, 2011 – to be circulated)

Jeffrey, Robin, ‘The Punjab Boundary Force and the Problem of Order, August 1947’, Modern Asian studies., 8, 4 (1974)

Brass, Paul R., ‘The Partition of India and Retributive Genocide in the Punjab, 1946-7’, Journal of genocide research.5.1 (2003)

Aiyar, S., ‘ “August Anarchy”: The Partition Massacres in Punjab, 1947’ in D.A. Low and H Brasted, (eds),Freedom, trauma, continuities : Northern India and independence(Delhi, 1998)

Copland, I., ‘The Further Shores of Partition: Ethnic Cleansing in Rajasthan, 1947’, Past & present.160 (1998)

Vazira Yacoobali Zamindar, The long partition and the making of modern South Asia : refugees, boundaries, histories, Histories (New York, 2008)

Bhalla, A., Partition dialogues : memories of a lost home(New Delhi, 2007)

Mayaram, S., ‘Speech, Silence and the Making of Partition Violence in Mewat’ in S. Amin and D. Chakrabarty, eds., Subaltern Studies IX (Delhi, 1997)

Coombs, Catherine, ‘Partition Narratives: Displaced trauma and culpability among British civil servants in 1940s Punjab’, Modern Asian studies., 45, 1, (2011), 201-224

Das, Veena, Life and words : violence and the descent into the ordinary(Berkeley, 2007)

Thandi, Shinder Singh, ‘Counterinsurgency and Political Violence in Punjab’, in Singh and Talbot, eds.,Punjabi identity : continuity and change(New Delhi, 1996)

Zins, Max Jean, ‘The Vivisection of India: The Political Usage of Carnage in the Era of Citizen-Massacres’, in Hasan and Nakazato, eds.,The unfinished agenda : nation-building in South Asia(2001)

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2. The immediate aftermath of independence: refugees, rationing and state corruption

Oral presentation topic: Why did partition create so many refugees and how effectively did the state in India deal with them?

Primary Sources

Selections from FO Records, DO 133/59-61 – Boundary Commission Awards

DO 134/1 – Effects of refugees on Pakistan administration

DO 134/6 – Refugee problem (all available online -link and page range to be supplied)

D.F. Ebright, Free India: The First Five Years – An Account of the 1947 riots, refugees, relief and rehabilitation (1954) – extracts in reading pack

G.D. Khosla,Stern Reckoning (first published 1949) – extracts in reading pack

CW, http://www.gandhiserve.org/cwmg/cwmg.html, Vol. 95, No. 184

Extracts from D. Das, ed. Sardar Patel's correspondence, 1945-50 Vols 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 and 10 in reading packs

Selections fromQuaid-I-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah papers/ editor-in-chief, Z.H. Zaidi. 1st series. Vols. 1 and 2– in reading pack

Extracts from Government of India, Millions on the Move: The Aftermath of India’s Partition (New Delhi, 1948) – in reading pack

Secondary Sources

Myrdal, Gunnar, Asian Drama: An Enquiry into the Poverty of Nations (Harmondsworth, 1968), Vol. II, Chpt 20

Sen, Uditi, ‘Refugees and the Politics of Nation Building in India’, Unpublished PhD dissertation, University of Cambridge, 2009 – sections to be distributed in class

Gould, William, Bureaucracy, community and influence in India : society and the state, 1930s-1960s(London, 2011), Chpts. 4, 5 and 6

Waseem, Mohammad, ‘Partition, Migration and Assimilation: A Comparative Study of Pakistani Punjab’, in Talbot and Singh, eds., Region and partition : Bengal, Punjab and the partition of the subcontinent(Oxford, 1999), pp. 203-227

Gould, W, Ansari S, and Sherman, T, ‘The Flux of the Matter: Loyalty, Corruption and the Everyday State in the Post-Partition Government Services of India and Pakistan’, Past & present.(forthcoming, 2012), available from W Gould

Ansari, S.,Life after partition : migration, community and strife in Sindh, 1947-1962(Karachi, 2005)

Bhattacharyya, H., ‘Post-Partition Refugees and Communists: A Comparative Study of West Bengal and Tripura’, Talbot and Singh, eds., Region and partition : Bengal, Punjab and the partition of the subcontinent(Oxford, 1999), 325-346

Butalia, Urvashi, ‘An Archive with a Difference: Partition Letters’, in Suvir Kaul, The partitions of memory : the afterlife of the division of India(Bloomington, 2002), 208-241

Ansari, S., ‘Partition, Migration and Refugees: Responses to the Arrival of the Mohajirs in Sind’, South Asia.18 (1995)

Ahmed, I et. Al, eds.,State, society, and displaced people in South Asia(Dhaka, 2004)

Basu, Aparna,Mridula Sarabhai : rebel with a cause(Delhi, 2005)

Chatterji, J., ‘Right or Charity? Relief and Rehabilitation in West Bengal’, in S. Kaul, ed., The partitions of memory : the afterlife of the division of India(Delhi, 2001)

Chatterji, J., ‘The Fashioning of a Frontier: The Radcliffe Line and Bengal’s Border Landscape, 1947-1952’, Modern Asian studies.33, 1 (1999)

Chatterji, J., The spoils of partition : Bengal and India, 1947-1967(Cambridge, 2007), Pt. 2

Kaur, R., ‘Planning Urban Chaos: State and Refugees in Post-partition Delhi’ in E Hurst and M Mann, eds.,Urbanization and governance in India(New Delhi, 2005)

Talbot, Ian, ‘Punjabi Refugees’ Rehabilitation and the Indian State: Discourses, Denials and Dissonances’, Modern Asian studies., 45, 1 (2011), 109-130

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3. Partition and ‘womanhood’

Oral presentation topic: What was the significance of violence against women in both a real and symbolic sense?

Primary Sources

Butalia, U., The Other Side of Silence: Voices from the Partition of India (2000)

D.F. Ebright, Free India: The First Five Years – An Account of the 1947 riots, refugees, relief and rehabilitation (1954) – extracts in reading pack

Selections fromQuaid-I-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah papers/ editor-in-chief, Z.H. Zaidi. 1st series. Vols. 1 and 2 – in reading pack

Selections from Das, D., Sardar Patel's correspondence, 1945-50, Vol 4 – in reading pack

Extracts from Government of India, Millions on the Move: The Aftermath of India’s Partition (New Delhi, 1948) – in reading pack

Secondary Sources

Menon, Ritu and Bhasin, Kamla, ‘Recovery, Rupture, Resistance: Indian State and Abduction of Women during Partition’, Economic and political weekly., 28, 17 (1993), WS2-WS11

Menon, Ritu and Bhasin, Kamla, Borders & boundaries : women in India's Partition(New Brunswick, 1998)

Newbigin, Eleanor, ‘The Hindu Code Bill and the Making of the Modern Indian State’ (Unpublished PhD dissertation, 2008) – sections to be distributed in class.

Newbigin, Eleanor, ‘Personal Law and Citizenship in India’s Transition to Independence’, Modern Asian studies., 45, 1 (2011), pp. 7-32

Ansari, S.,Life after partition : migration, community and strife in Sindh, 1947-1962(Karachi, 2005)

Basu, Aparna,Mridula Sarabhai : rebel with a cause(Delhi, 2005)

Gopal, Priyamvada, ‘Bodies Inflicting Pain: Masculinity, Morality and Cultural Identity in Manto’s ‘Cold Meat’’, in Suvir Kaul, The partitions of memory : the afterlife of the division of India (Bloomington, 2002), 242-68

Hasan, M., ed., Inventing boundaries : gender, politics and the partition of India(Delhi, 2000)

Menon, R., ed., No woman's land : women from Pakistan, India & Bangladesh write on the partition of India(New Delhi, 2004)

Butalia, Urvashi, ‘Muslims and Hindus, Men and Women: Communal Stereotypes and the Partition of India’ in T Sarkar and U. Butalia, eds., Women and the Hindu right : a collection of essays(New Delhi, 1995)

Major, Andrew, ‘The Chief Sufferers: Abduction of women during the partition of Punjab’, in Low and Brasted, eds.,Freedom, trauma, continuities : Northern India and independence(New Delhi, 1998)

Vazira Yacoobali Zamindar, The long partition and the making of modern South Asia : refugees, boundaries, histories, Histories (New York, 2008)

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4. Building the state and citizenship in India and Pakistan: Constitutions and their absence

Oral presentation topic: How might we explain the differences between the early postcolonial states of India and Pakistan?

Primary Sources

Selections fromQuaid-I-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah papers/ editor-in-chief, Z.H. Zaidi. 1st series. Vols. 1 and 2: C Vol 1, pt. 1, No. 6 – in reading pack

Selections from The Constitution of India, 1950 – in reading pack

Selections from FO Records - FO 371/84258 – Constitution in Pakistan (link and page range to be provided)

Selections from Selected Works of Jawaharlal Nehruin reading pack

Selections from Das, D., Sardar Patel's correspondence, 1945-50 – Vols 6, 8 – in reading pack

Secondary Sources

Jalal, Ayesha, Democracy and authoritarianism in South Asia : a comparative and historical perspective(Cambridge, 1995)

Ian Talbot, India and Pakistan (Inventing the Nation) (London, 2000)

Jalal, Ayesha, The state of martial rule : the origins of Pakistan's political economy of defence(Lahore, 1991)

Ansari, S.,Life after partition : migration, community and strife in Sindh, 1947-1962(Karachi, 2005)

Vazira Yacoobali Zamindar, The long partition and the making of modern South Asia : refugees, boundaries, histories, Histories (New York, 2008)

Gould, W, Ansari S, and Sherman, T, ‘The Flux of the Matter: Loyalty, Corruption and the Everyday State in the Post-Partition Government Services of India and Pakistan’, Past & present.(forthcoming, 2012), available from W Gould

Noman, Omar, Pakistan : a political and economic history since 1947.(London, 1990)

Frankel, France R. and Rao, M.S.A., eds., India's political economy, 1947-1977 : the gradual revolution(Princeton, 1978) – first few chapters

Austin, Granville, The Indian Constitution: Cornerstone of a nation(Oxford, 1966)

Aziz, Mazhar,Military control in Pakistan : the parallel state(London, 2008)

Kennedy, C.H., Bureaucracy in Pakistan(Karachi, 1987)

Newbigin, Eleanor, ‘Personal Law and Citizenship in India’s Transition to Independence’, Modern Asian studies., 45, 1 (2011), pp. 7-32

Khan, Yasmin, ‘Performing Peace: Gandhi’s Assassination as a crucial moment in the consolidation of the Nehruvian State, Modern Asian studies.45, 1 (2011), pp. 57-80

Hasan, Mushirul, Legacy of a Divided Nation: Indias Muslims Since Independence (Delhi, 1997)

Newbigin, Eleanor, ‘The Hindu Code Bill and the Making of the Modern Indian State’ (Unpublished PhD dissertation, 2008) – sections to be distributed in class.

Symonds, Richards, ‘State-Making in Pakistan’, Far Eastern Survey19, 5, (1980), 45-50

Rawat, Ramnarayan S ‘Partition Politics and Acchut Identity: A Study of the Schedules Castes Federation and Dalit Politics in UP’, in Suvir Kaul,The partitions of memory : the afterlife of the division of India(Bloomington, 2002), 111-139

Ansari, S., ‘Everyday Expectations of the state during Pakistan’s early years: Letters to the Editor, Dawn (Karachi) 1950-1953’, Modern Asian studies., 45, 1 (2011), 159-178

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5. 1948-9 – Kashmir, Hyderabad and the problems of national integrity in South Asia

Oral presentation topic: How and why did the Indian government decide to act to prevent secessionism in Hyderabad and Kashmir?

Primary Sources

Selections from FO Records, DO 133/68-9 – Political situation: Kashmir

DO 133/73-88 and FO 371/101207-101216 – Kashmir, military situation – available online

DO 134/22 – Invasion of Hyderabad (link and page range to be provided)

Selections from Das, D., Sardar Patel's correspondence, 1945-50, Vols 1, 7 – in reading pack

Selections from Selected Works of Jawaharlal Nehruin reading pack

Secondary Sources

Sherman, Taylor, State violence and punishment in India(London, 2009), Chpt. 9

Sherman, Taylor, ‘Migration, Belonging and Citizenship in Hyderabad (Deccan) 1946-1956’, Modern Asian studies., 45, 1 (2011), 81-107

Copland, Ian, State, community and neighbourhood in princely North India, c. 1900-1950 (Basingstoke, 2005)

Brass, Paul R., The Politics of India since Independence(Cambridge, 1990)

Bose, Sumantra, Kashmir : roots of conflict, paths to peace(London, 2003)

Balagopal, K., ‘Kashmir: Self-Determination, Communal and Democratic Rights’, Economic and political weekly.(2 November, 1997), 2916-21

Lamb, Alastair, Kashmir : a disputed legacy, 1846-1990(1991)

Mishra, K.K., ‘Linguistic Nationalities in India’, Social scientist.1, 3, (1972)

Gould, W.,Religion and conflict in South and Southeast Asia : disrupting violence(Cambridge, 2011), Chpt. 6

Gupta, Sisir, Kashmir : a study in India-Pakistan relations(London, 1966)

Schofield, Victoria, Kashmir in conflict : India, Pakistan and the unfinished war(London, 2003)

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6. The working of politics in India and Pakistan: Congress power and bureaucratic authority

Oral presentation topic: Power in India primarily lay with political parties. In Pakistan it was mainly in the hands of the bureaucracy and eventually the military. How can we account for this difference?

Primary Sources

Selections from FO Records, DO 133/128-135, 139 – Development of Political Parties in India, 1948-1951 – available online (link and page range to be provided)

Selections from FO Records, FO 371/101219 – Assassination of Liaqat Ali Khan – link and page range to be provided.

Selections from Das, D., Sardar Patel’s Correspondence, Vols 6, 8- in reading pack

Selections from Selected Works of Jawaharlal Nehru – in reading pack

Secondary Sources

Kothari, Rajni, ‘The Congress System’, in Zoya Hasan, ed., Parties and Party Politics in India(New Delhi, 2004), 39-55

Kochanek, Stanley, The Congress party of India : the dynamics of one-party democracy(Princeton, 1968)

Gould, W.Religion and conflict in South and Southeast Asia : disrupting violence(Cambridge, 2011), Chpt. 6

Jalal, Ayesha, Democracy and authoritarianism in South Asia : a comparative and historical perspective(Cambridge, 1995)

Jalal, Ayesha, The state of martial rule : the origins of Pakistan's political economy of defence(Lahore, 1991)

Noman, Omar, Pakistan : a political and economic history since 1947.(London, 1990)

Ansari, S.,Life after partition : migration, community and strife in Sindh, 1947-1962(Karachi, 2005)

Daechsel, Markus,The politics of self-expression : the Urdu middle-class milieu in mid-twentieth century India and Pakistan(London, 2006)

Brennan, L., ‘From One Raj to Another: Congress Politics in Rohilkhand, 1930-1950’, in D Low, ed, The Congress and the Raj (London, 1977)

Gould, William, Bureaucracy, community and influence in India : society and the state, 1930s-1960s(London, 2011), Chpt. 6

Chatterji, J., The spoils of partition : Bengal and India, 1947-1967(Cambridge, 2007), pt. 3

Fred Halliday and Hamza Alavi, eds.,State and ideology in the Middle East and Pakistan(New York, 1987)

Aziz, Mazhar,Military control in Pakistan : the parallel state(London, 2008)

Samad, Yunas, ‘Reflections on Partition: Pakistan Perspective’, in Talbot and Singh, eds., Region and partition : Bengal, Punjab and the partition of the subcontinent(Oxford, 1999), 375-396

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7. Experiments in democracy: India’s first General Elections, 1951-2

Primary Sources

Selections from FO Records, DO 133/114-115 and FO 371/101131 India’s General Elections – available online (link to be provided)

Selections from Selected Works of Jawaharlal Nehru, Vol 16 – in reading pack

Extracts from AICC Papers for Uttar Pradesh, Nehru Memorial Museum and Library – in reading pack

Secondary Sources

Kumar, B. Venkatesh, ‘Criminalisation of Politics and Election Commission’, Economic and political weekly., 36, 24, (2001), 2119-21

Brown, J.M.,Nehru : a political life(New Haven, 2003)

Gould, William, Bureaucracy, community and influence in India : society and the state, 1930s-1960s(London, 2011), Chpt 6

Jalal, Ayesha, Democracy and authoritarianism in South Asia : a comparative and historical perspective(Cambridge, 1995)

Park, R.L., ‘India’s General Elections’, Far Eastern Survey, 21, 1, (1952)

Tinker, I, and Walker, M., ‘The First General Elections in India and Indonesia’, Far Eastern Survey, 25, 7 (1956)

Weiner, Myron, Party politics in India : the development of a multi-party system.(Oxford, 1957)

Brass, Paul R., Factional politics in an Indian state : the Congress Party in Uttar Pradesh, (Berkeley, 1965)

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8. Indian and Pakistani society: poverty, land reform and the developmental state

Primary Sources

Selections fromQuaid-I-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah papers/ editor-in-chief, Z.H. Zaidi. 1st series. Vols. 1 and 2 – in reading pack

Selections from FO Records, DO 133/ 117-8 Land Reforms 1951-2 – available online (link and page range to be provided)

Selections from FO Records -FO 371/101218 – Indus water dispute, available online (link and page range to be provided)

Selections fromSelected Works of Jawaharlal Nehru- In reading pack

Secondary Sources

Thandi, Shinder S., ‘The Unidentical Punjab Twins: Some Explanations of Comparative Agricultural Performance Since Partition’, in Talbot and Singh, eds., Region and partition : Bengal, Punjab and the partition of the subcontinent(Oxford, 1999), 298-324

Frankel, France R. and Rao, M.S.A., eds., India's political economy, 1947-1977 : the gradual revolution(Princeton, 1978)

Mendelsohn, Oliver and Vicziany, Marika, The untouchables : subordination, poverty and the state in modern India (Cambridge, 1998)

Noman, Omar, Pakistan : a political and economic history since 1947.(London, 1990)

Ansari, S.,Life after partition : migration, community and strife in Sindh, 1947-1962(Karachi, 2005)

Talbot, Ian, Pakistan. A Modern History(London, 1998)

Daechsel, Markus, ‘Sovereignty, Governmentality and Development in Ayub’s Pakistan’, Modern Asian studies., 45, 1 (2011), 131-157

Haines, Daniel, ‘Congress ‘progress’: Irrigation, Development and Modernity in Mid-Twentieth Century Sind’, Modern Asian studies., 45, 1 (2011), 179-200

Arora, R.K.,The Indus Water Treaty regime(New Delhi, 2007)

Banuazizi, Ali, and Weiner, M., The state, religion, and ethnic politics : Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan(Syracuse, 1986)

Kaur, R., ‘Planning Urban Chaos: State and Refugees in Post-partition Delhi’ in E Hurst and M Mann, eds.,Urbanization and governance in India(New Delhi, 2005)

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9. The politics of caste, religion and ethnicity in India and Pakistan

Primary Sources

Extracts from The Report of the Backward Classes Commission (1953) – in reading pack

Selections fromSelected Works of Jawaharlal Nehru– in reading pack

Selections from Das, D., Sardar Patel's correspondence, 1945-50, Vol 9, Chpt VIII in reading pack

Secondary Sources

William Gould,Religion and conflict in South and Southeast Asia : disrupting violence(Cambridge, 2011), Chpts. 6-7

Jaffrelot, Christophe, India's silent revolution : the rise of the lower castes in North India(London, 2003)

Kohli, Atul, ‘Can Democracies Accommodate Ethnic Nationalism?’, in Amrita Basu and Atul Kohli, eds., Community conflicts and the state in India(New Delhi, 1998)

Noman, Omar, Pakistan : a political and economic history since 1947.(London, 1990)

Russell, Ralph, ‘Urdu in India Since Independence’, Economic and political weekly.34, 1 / 2, (1999), 44-8

Ansari, S.,Life after partition : migration, community and strife in Sindh, 1947-1962(Karachi, 2005)

Rawat, Ramnarayan S ‘Partition Politics and Acchut Identity: A Study of the Schedules Castes Federation and Dalit Politics in UP’, in Suvir Kaul,The partitions of memory : the afterlife of the division of India(Bloomington, 2002), 111-139

Daechsel, Markus,The politics of self-expression : the Urdu middle-class milieu in mid-twentieth century India and Pakistan(London, 2006)

Verkaaik, O., ‘A people of migrants : ethnicity, state and religion in Karachi.’, Comparative Asian Studies, 15 (1994)

Talbot, Ian, ed.,The deadly embrace : religion, politics and violence in India and Pakistan, 1947-2002(Karachi, 2007)

Samad, Yunas,A nation in turmoil : nationalism and ethnicity in Pakistan, 1937-1958(New Delhi, 1995)

Rahman, Tariq,Language and politics in Pakistan(Karachi, 1996)

Fred Halliday and Hamza Alavi, eds., State and Ideology in the Middle East and Pakistan (New York, 1987)

Banuazizi, Ali, and Weiner, M., The state, religion, and ethnic politics : Afghanistan, Iran, and Pakistan(Syracuse, 1986)

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10. India and Pakistan: international conflict and political divergence

Primary Sources

Selections from FO Records, DO 133/70-2 – India’s Foreign Policy – available online (link/page range to be provided); DO 134/11 – Indo-Pakistan relations – available online (link/page range to be provided)

Selections fromSelected Works of Jawaharlal Nehru– in reading pack

Selections from Das, D., Sardar Patel's correspondence, 1945-50 Vol. 10 - in reading pack

Secondary Sources

Spain, James W., ‘Military Assistance for Pakistan’, The American political science review., 48, 3, (1954), 738-51

McGill Murphey, Richard, ‘Performing Partition in Lahore’, in Suvir Kaul, The partitions of memory : the afterlife of the division of India (Bloomington, 2002), 183-207

Blinkenberg, Lars, India-Pakistan : the history of unsolved conflicts(Odense, 1998)

Paul, T.V., The India-Pakistan conflict : an enduring rivalry(Cambridge, 2005)

Schofield, Victoria, Kashmir in conflict : India, Pakistan and the unfinished war(London, 2003)

Dixit, J.N., India-Pakistan in War and Peace (London, 2002)

Harrison, Kreisberg and Kux, eds., India and Pakistan: The First Fifty Years (Cambridge, 1999)

Samaddar, Ranabir,The politics of dialogue : living under the geopolitical histories of war and peace(Aldershot, 2004)

Samaddar and Reifeld,Peace as process : reconciliation and conflict resolution in South Asia(New Delhi, 2001)

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11. Revision

This list was last updated on 02/08/2011