Leeds University Library

HIST3726
Module Reading List

In the Shadow of Franco: Terror and its Legacy in Spain, 1936-Present Day, 2017/18, Semester 1
Dr Peter Anderson
p.p.anderson@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

SEMINARS

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WEEK 2: THE CENTRAL ISSUES FACING THOSE SEEKING TO COME TO TERMS WITH SPAIN’S CIVIL WAR PAST

VLE Post

How helpful is the micro-history Richard Barker, Skeletons in the closet, skeletons in the ground : repression, victimization and humiliation in a small Andalusian town : the human consequences of the Spanish Civil War ISBN: 9781845195366 (pbk.) : ⵮00; 1845195361 (pbk.) : ⵮00 in helping us understand the causes and consequences of the Francoist repression?

Richard Barker, Skeletons in the closet, skeletons in the ground : repression, victimization and humiliation in a small Andalusian town : the human consequences of the Spanish Civil War ISBN: 9781845195366 (pbk.) : ⵮00; 1845195361 (pbk.) : ⵮00, (London: Sussex Academic Press, 2012).

Seminar Question

What are the central issues facing those seeking to come to terms with Spain’s violent Civil War past?

COMPULSORY READING

Peter Anderson, ‘Knowing and Acknowledging Spain’s Dark Civil War Past’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 52, 1, (2017), pp. 129-139.

Peter Anderson and Miguel Ángel del Arco Blanco, ‘Introduction’, in Peter Anderson and Miguel Ángel del Arco Blanco, (eds.), Mass killings and violence in Spain, 1936-1952 : grappling with the past ISBN: 9780415858885 (hardback); 9780203706404 (ebook), (London: Routledge, 2014) – available on-line through the library catalogue

Blog on the legacy of Francoism:

https://www.routledge.com/posts/505

Podcast on the shadow of Franco

https://www.history.org.uk/podcasts/categories/438/resource/8879/the-long-shadow-of-the-spanish-civil-war

FURTHER BACKGROUND READING

Franco in the Fridge

https://web.archive.org/web/20120415050234/http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/art/9084663/General-Franco-in-a-fridge-art-sparks-controversy.html

Civil War Legacy Divides Spain

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/5192228.stm

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/7068051.stm

Spain’s Mass Graves

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/spain/8496318/Spain-publishes-map-with-over-2000-Franco-era-mass-graves.html

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2003/mar/10/spain.gilestremlett?INTCMP=ILCNETTXT3487

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2003/jul/17/spain.gilestremlett?INTCMP=ILCNETTXT3487

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/aug/21/spain?INTCMP=ILCNETTXT3487

http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2009/oct/31/spain-franco-lorca-graves?INTCMP=ILCNETTXT3487

http://www.memoriahistorica.gob.es/es-es/mapafosas/Paginas/index.aspx

Franco Stripped of Honorary Title

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/spain/9444527/Francisco-Franco-stripped-of-honorary-title.html

The Children Stolen by the Franco Regime

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IrYaeIOXXLA (documentary on Youtube)

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2002/oct/29/spain.gilestremlett

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-15335899

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p00ldxps (links to podcast)

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2049647/BBC-documentary-exposes-50-year-scandal-baby-trafficking-Catholic-church-Spain.html

The Vatican Honours Murdered Catholics from the Civil War

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/7066094.stm

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/7066759.stm

Federico Garcia Lorca

Radio Four Programme on the killing of Federico García Lorca

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p0092pv9

http://www.guardian.co.uk/culture/2011/jun/25/spain-franco-federico-garcia-lorca?INTCMP=ILCNETTXT3487

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/dec/18/federico-garcia-lorca-grave-alfacar?INTCMP=ILCNETTXT3487

Miguel Hernández

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/8524992.stm

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2007/nov/21/spain.poetry?INTCMP=ILCNETTXT3487

Franco Should Be Exhumed

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/spain/8923217/Franco-should-be-exhumed-Spanish-commission-recommends.html

FURTHER READING

Paloma Aguilar, Memory and amnesia : the role of the Spanish Civil War in the transition to democracy ISBN: 1571814965 (pbk. : alk. paper); 1571817573 (cloth : alk. paper), (Oxford: Berghahn, 2002).

Richard Barker, Skeletons in the closet, skeletons in the ground : repression, victimization and humiliation in a small Andalusian town : the human consequences of the Spanish Civil War ISBN: 9781845195366 (pbk.) : ⵮00; 1845195361 (pbk.) : ⵮00, (London: Sussex Academic Press, 2012).

Carlos Jerez Farran and Samuel Amago, Unearthing Franco's legacy : mass graves and the recovery of historical memory in Spain ISBN: 9780268032685 (pbk.); 0268032688 (pbk.), (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2010).

Paul Preston, The Spanish holocaust : inquisition and extermination in twentieth-century Spain ISBN: 9780006386957 (pbk.); 9780002556347 (hbk.); 0002556340 (hbk.); 0006386954 (pbk.), (London: Harper Press, 2012).

Michael Richards, After the civil war : making memory and re-making Spain since 1936 ISBN: 9780521728188 (pbk.); 9780521899345, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013).

FURTHER NEWSPAPER READING

The Spanish Resistance

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2001/may/18/gilestremlett

Gays Persecuted by the Franco Regime

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2001/dec/13/gayrights.gilestremlett

Best Selling Pro-Francoist History Book

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2003/apr/22/spain.books

Spanish MPs Condemn the Franco Regime

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/7071405.stm

Declaring Franco’s Courts Illegitimate

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2004/oct/16/spain.gilestremlett

Franco’s Wealth

https://web.archive.org/web/20110304143737/http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/spain/8353254/Dictators-and-their-sons-Francos-forgotten-family.html

THE INDEPENDENT ON CALLS TO REMOVE FRANCO FROM HIS GRANDIOSE TOMB

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/dig-up-franco-to-let-victims-rest-in-peace-says-spanish-commission-6269719.html

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WEEK 3: FRANCOIST CIVIL WAR VIOLENCE

VLE Post: How helpful is Paul Preston’s portrait of Captain Aguilerra in explaining the long-term origins of rebel and Francoist violence in the Civil War?

Paul Preston, ‘The Answer Lies in the Sewers: Captain Aguilera and the Mentality of the Spanish Officer Corps’, Science & society. ISSN: 0036-8237, 68, 3, (2004), pp. 277-312 (available on line through library web site).

Seminar Question

To what extent do hatreds sharpened by ideology explain the rebel and Francoist violence of the Civil War?

The Long Term Origins of Francoist Violence (1898-1936)

COMPULSORY READING

Peter Anderson, The Francoist military trials : terror and complicity, 1939-1945 ISBN: 9780415800068 (hbk. : alk. paper); 0415800064 (hbk. : alk. paper); 9780203867440 (ebk.); 0203867440 (ebk.), (London: Routledge, 2010). Chapters 1-3. (electronic book available)

Paul Preston, ‘The Answer Lies in the Sewers: Captain Aguilera and the Mentality of the Spanish Officer Corps’, Science & society. ISSN: 0036-8237, 68, 3, (2004), pp. 277-312 (available on line through library web site).

Paul Preston, ‘Theorists of Extermination: the origins of violence in the Spanish Civil War’, in Carlos Jerez-Farrán and Samuel Amago, (Eds.), Unearthing Franco's legacy : mass graves and the recovery of historical memory in Spain ISBN: 9780268032685 (pbk.); 0268032688 (pbk.), (Notre Dame, University of Notre Dame Press, 2010), pp. 42-67.

PRIMARY MATERIAL ON THE BACKGROUND TO THE CIVIL WAR

Henry Buckley, The life and death of the Spanish Republic : a witness to the Spanish Civil War ISBN: 9781780764290, (London: I.B. Tauris, 2013 C 1940).

Claude G. Bowers, My mission to Spain : watching the rehearsal for World War II ISBN: 9781258140410, (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1954).

COMPULSORY TV PROGRAMME

Granada TV programme on the prelude to the Civil War

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=81RhewkQbOk

STRONGLY RECOMMENDED RADIO PROGRAMME

BBC RADIO FOUR IN OUR TIME PROGRAMME ON THE SPANISH CIVIL WAR WITH PAUL PRESTON, HELEN GRAHAM AND MARY VINCENT

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/p00548wn

FURTHER READING

Peter Anderson, ‘Spain from the First World War to the Civil War’, European history quarterly. ISSN: 0265-6914, 42, 3, (2012), pp. 468-479 (available electronically through the library catalogue).

Julián Casanova, The Spanish Republic and Civil War ISBN: 9780521737807 (pbk.); 9780521493888, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010).

Helen Graham, The Spanish Civil War : a very short introduction ISBN: 0192803778 (alk. paper), (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005).  

Helen Graham, War & its shadow : Spain's Civil War in Europe's long twentieth century ISBN: 9781845195113 (pbk.) : £22.50; 9781845195106 (hbk.) : £50.00; 1845195108 (hbk.) : £50.00; 1845195116 (pbk.) : £22.50, (Brighton: Sussex University Press, 2012).

Frances Lannon, Privilege, persecution, and prophecy : the Catholic Church in Spain, 1875-1975 ISBN: 0198219237, (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987).

Paul Preston, The Coming of the Spanish Civil War. Reform, Reaction and Revolution in the Second Republic, (London: Routledge, 2004).

Paul Preston, The Spanish Civil War : reaction, revolution and revenge ISBN: 9780393329872 (pbk.); 0393329879 (pbk.), (London: Harper Perennial, 2006).

Rúben Serém, A Laboratory of Terror. Conspiracy, coup d'état and civil war in Seville, 1936-1939 : history and myth in Francoist Spain ISBN: 9781845198817 (hbk : alk. paper) (Brighton: Sussex Academic Press / Cañada Blanch, 2017).

THE SPANISH ARMY

Sebastian Balfour and Pablo la Porte, ‘Spanish Military Cultures and the Moroccan Wars, 1900-36’, European history quarterly. ISSN: 0265-6914, 30, 3, (2000), pp. 307-332 (available online through the library catalogue).

Sebastian Balfour, ‘The Making of an Interventionist Army, 1898-1923’, in Francisco J. Romero and Angel Smith, The agony of Spanish liberalism : from revolution to dictatorship 1913-23, (Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan, 2010), pp. 255-274. (available online through the library catalogue)

Sebastian Balfour, Deadly embrace : Morocco and the road to the Spanish Civil War ISBN: 0199252963, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002).

RIGHT-WING VIOLENCE

Martin Blinkhorn, Carlism and crisis in Spain, 1931-1939 ISBN: 0521207290, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975).

Sid Lowe, Catholicism, war and the foundation of Francoism : the Juventud de Acción Popular in Spain, 1931-1939 (Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2010).

Francisco J. Romero, ‘Si Vis Pacem Para Bellum: The Catalan Employers’ Dirty War, 1919-1923’, in Francisco Romero and Angel Smith, The agony of Spanish liberalism : from revolution to dictatorship 1913-23, (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2010), pp. 175-201. (Available online through the library catalogue)

Colin M. Winston, ‘The Proletarian Carlist Road to Fascism: Sindicalismo Libre’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 17, 4 (1982), pp. 557-585. (available online through the library catalogue)

Colin M. Winston, Workers and the right in Spain, 1900-1936 ISBN: 0691054339 (alk. paper) (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1985).

THE ANARCHISTS

Ealham, Chris, ‘Anarchism and Illegality in Barcelona, 1931-1937’, Contemporary European history. ISSN: 0960-7773, 4, 2, (1995). (available online through the library)

Chris Ealham, ‘An Impossible Unity: Revolution, Reform and Counter-Revolution and the Spanish Left, 1917-1923’, in Romero and Smith, The agony of Spanish liberalism : from revolution to dictatorship 1913-23 ISBN: 9780230554245; 0230554245, pp. 92-120. (available online through the library)

Chris Ealham, Class, culture and conflict in Barcelona 1898-1937, (London: Routledge, 2005). (available online through the library)

Chris Ealham, Anarchism and the city : revolution and counter-revolution in Barcelona, 1898-1937 ISBN: 9781849350129 (pbk.); 1849350124 (pbk.), (Oakland: AK Press, 2010).

POLITICAL VIOLENCE IN THE REPUBLIC BEFORE THE CIVIL WAR

Payne, Stanley G., ‘Political Violence during the Spanish Second Republic, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 25, 2/3, (1990), pp. 269-288. (available online through the library catalogue).

Preston, Paul, ‘Spain’s October Revolution and the Rightist Grasp for Power’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 10, 4, (1975). (available online through the library catalogue).

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WEEK FOUR: HOW MUCH PEOPLE KNEW AT THE TIME ABOUT FRANCOIST VIOLENCE

VLE POST

What can we learn about the insurgent violence from Ian Gibson, The assassination of Federico García Lorca ISBN: 0140064737 (pbk.), (London: W.H.Allen, 1973)?

The assassination of Federico García Lorca ISBN: 0140064737 (pbk.), (London: W.H.Allen, 1973)

SEMINAR DISCUSSION

Drawing on primary material, assess how much was known at the time of the Civil War about rebel and Francoist violence.

COMPULSORY READING

Peter Anderson, The Francoist military trials : terror and complicity, 1939-1945 ISBN: 9780415800068 (hbk. : alk. paper); 0415800064 (hbk. : alk. paper); 9780203867440 (ebk.); 0203867440 (ebk.), (Part II) – available electronically through the library catalogue.

PRIMARY MATERIAL

Jay Allen, ‘Blood Flows in Badajoz’, Chicago Tribune, 30 August 1936, in Valentine Cunningham (ed.), Spanish front : writers on the civil war ISBN: 0192122584; 9780192122582; 0192820060 (pbk.); 9780192820068 (pbk.). (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986), pp. 103-108.

George Bernanos, from A Diary of My Times. Straight to the Cemetery in Valentine Cunningham (ed.), Spanish front : writers on the civil war (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986).

Arthur Koestler, Spanish testament, (London: Victor Gollancz, 1937) – part II ‘Dialogue with Death.

A.V. Philips, Spain under Franco, (London: United Editorial, 1940).

United Editorial, Franco's rule; a survey., (London: United Editorial, 1938).

FURTHER PRIMARY MATERIAL

Antonio Bahamonde, Memoirs of a Spanish Nationalist, (London: United Editorial, 1939).

Frank Cleary Hanighen, Nothing but danger ; thrilling adventures of ten newspaper correspondents in the Spanish war, (London: George G Harrap, 1940).

Helen Nicholson, Death in the morning, (London: 1937)   

Antonio Ruiz Vilaplana, Burgos justice : a year's experience of nationalist Spain (London: Constable, 1938).

Elliot Paul, The life and death of a Spanish town ISBN: 9780837156286 (pbk); 0837156289, (New York: Random House, 1937).

The Times. ISSN: x000-0061 – this newspaper is available online through the library catalogue – try doing a search for Spain August-December 1936 and find stories on violence.

EXTRA PRIMARY MATERIAL

A Francoist Denial

Geoffrey, Mcneil-Moss, The legend of Badajoz : being an extract from The siege of Alcazar, (London: Burns and Oates, 1937).

You can contrast Mcneil-Moss’s text with:

Jay Allen, ‘Blood Flows in Badajoz’, Chicago Tribune, 30 August 1936, in Valentine Cunningham (ed.), Spanish front : writers on the civil war (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986), pp. 103-108.

And:

Arthur Koestler, ‘Dialogue with Death’, Spanish Testament, 1937, in Valentine Cunningham (ed.), Spanish front : writers on the civil war (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986), pp. 139-145.    

B The Debate between an opponent of Franco and a Defender of Franco

Duchess of Atholl, Searchlight on Spain, (Harmondswoth: Penguin,1938)  V

Charles Sarolea, Daylight on Spain : the answer to the Duchess of Atholl, (London: Hutchinson, 1938).

FURTHER READING

Julian Casanova, The Spanish Republic and Civil War ISBN: 9780521737807 (pbk.); 9780521493888, (Chapter 6) – available electronically through the library catalogue.

Paul Preston, The Spanish holocaust : inquisition and extermination in twentieth-century Spain ISBN: 9780006386957 (pbk.); 9780002556347 (hbk.); 0002556340 (hbk.); 0006386954 (pbk.).

LEARN EVEN MORE

Sebastian Balfour, Deadly embrace : Morocco and the road to the Spanish Civil War ISBN: 0199252963, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002).

Martin Baumeister and Stefaine Schüler-Springorum, (Eds.), "If you tolerate this-- " : the Spanish Civil War in the age of total war ISBN: 9783593386942 (pbk.); 3593386941 (pbk.), (Frankfurt: Campus, 2008).

Julian Casanova, ‘History and Memory: a new social dimension’, International journal of Iberian studies. ISSN: 1352-7258, 21, 3, (2008), pp. 187-202 (available online through the library).

NOVEL

Ramón J. Sender, Requiem for a Spanish peasant = Réquiem por un campesino español ISBN: 9780856687822 (pbk.) : £14.95; 9780856687877 (hbk.) : £35.00; 0856687871 (hbk.) : £35.00; 0856687820 (pbk.) : £14.95, (Warminster: Aris and Philips, 2007).

ONLINE MATERIAL OF INTEREST THE GUARDIAN ON THE FINAL HOURS OF FEDERICO GARCÍA LORCA

http://www.guardian.co.uk/culture/2011/jun/25/spain-franco-federico-garcia-lorca?INTCMP=ILCNETTXT3487

THE INDEPENDENT ON SPANISH BISHOPS FINALLY ENDING SILENCE ON THE FRANCOIST KILLING OF PRIESTS

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/spanish-bishops-apologise-for-silence-over-killings-1743288.html

PAUL PRESTON DISCUSSES THE SPANISH HOLOCUAST ON BBC RADIO FOUR START THE WEEK

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b01hf09y

PROFESSOR HELEN GRAHAM REVIEW THE SPANISH HOLOCUAST BY PAUL PRESTON IN THE INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER

http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/reviews/the-spanish-holocaust-inquisition-and-extermination-in-twentiethcentury-spain-by-paul-preston-7468500.html

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WEEK FIVE: ANTI-CLERICAL VIOLENCE

VLE POST

Drawing on primary material consider how the rebels and Francoists understood the violence they suffered behind government lines?

Isidro Gomá Tomás, The martyrdom of Spain : being a pastoral letter of His Eminence Señor D. Isidro Gomá Tomás ..., (Dublin: Jamesy Duffy for the Irish Christian Front, 1936).

Alfonso Merry del Val, The conflict in Spain : communistic mis-statements refuted, (London: The Catholic Truth Society, 1937) (in special collections)

Ministerio de Justicia, The Red domination in Spain : the General Cause/preliminary information drawn up by the Ministry of Justice, (Madrid: Augado, 1946) – particularly strong account of the Francoist interpretation of the causes of the Civil War.

SEMINAR DISCUSSION

To what extent was anti-clerical violence in the Spanish Civil War aimed at establishing a new moral order?

COMPULSORY READING

Julio de la Cueva, Religious Persecution, Anticlerical Tradition and Revolution: On Atrocities against the Clergy during the Spanish Civil War’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 33, 3, (1998), pp. 355-369 (available online through the library).

Bruce Lincoln, Revolutionary Exhumations in Spain, July 1936’, Comparative studies in society and history. ISSN: 0010-4175, 27, 2, (1985), pp. 241-260 (available online through the library)

Maria Thomas, ‘'We have come to place you at liberty and to burn the convent': Masculinity, Sexuality and Anticlerical Violence during the Spanish Civil War

Maria Thomas, ‘Sacred Destruction? Anticlericalism, Iconoclasm and the Sacralization of Politics in Twentieth-Century Spain’, European history quarterly. ISSN: 0265-6914, 47, 3, (2017), pp. 490-508.

EYE-WITNESS ACCOUNTS

Ralph Bates, ‘Compañero Sagasta Burns a Church’ in Valentine Cunningham (ed.), Spanish front : writers on the civil war (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986), pp. 108-114.

Gerald Brenan, Personal record, 1920-1972 ISBN: 0224010441, (London: Cape, 1974).

Sir Peter Chalmers Mitchell, My house in Málaga, (London: Faber and Faber, 1938).

John Langdon Davies, Behind the Spanish barricades : reports from the Spanish Civil War, (London: Reportage Press, 2007 [193?).

Gamel Woolsey, Malaga burning : an American woman's eyewitness account of the Spanish Civil War, (Pythia Press, 1998).

CENTRAL TEXT ON THE ANTI-CLERICAL VIOLENCE

Maria Thomas, The faith and the fury : popular anticlerical violence and iconoclasm in Spain, 1931-1936 ISBN: 9781845195465 (hbk.) : £55.00; 1845195469 (hbk.) : £55.00, (Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2012).

IMPORTANT CATHOLIC-LEANING READING ON THE ANTI-CLERICAL VIOLENCE

Warren Carroll, The last crusade : Spain: 1936 ISBN: 0931888670 (Front Royal: Christendom Press, 1996)

José María Sánchez, The Spanish Civil War as a religious tragedy ISBN: 0268017263, (University Press of Virginia, 1987).

Mary Vincent, ‘The Keys to the Kingdom: religious violence in the Spanish Civil War, July-August 1936’, in Chris Ealham and Michael Richards, (Eds), The splintering of Spain : cultural history and the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939 ISBN: 0521821789, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005), pp. 68-92. (available online through the library)

FURTHER READING ON VIOLENCE IN THE REPUBLCAN ZONE

Lucía Prieto Borrego and Encarnación Barranquero Texeira,’Political Violence in the Republican Zone : Repression and Popular Justice in a City Behind the Lines : Málaga, July 1936-February 1937’ in Peter Anderson and Miguel Ángel del Arco Blanco, (eds.), Mass killings and violence in Spain, 1936-1952 : grappling with the past, (London: Routledge, 2014), (available electronically through the library catalogue).

Peter Anderson, Friend or foe? : occupation, collaboration and selective violence in the Spanish Civil War ISBN: 9781845197940 hardback alkaline paper; 1845197941 hardback alkaline paper; 9781782843269 electronic book; 9781782843276 electronic book, (Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2016), chapters 1 and 8

José Luis Ledesma, ‘The Enemy Par-excellence: anticlerical violence in the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939’, available at: https://web.archive.org/web/20101011014959/http://www.inter-disciplinary.net/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/ledesmapaper.pdf

Jose Luis Ledesma in Martin Baumeister and Stefaine Schüler-Springorum, (Eds.), "If you tolerate this-- " : the Spanish Civil War in the age of total war ISBN: 9783593386942 (pbk.); 3593386941 (pbk.), (Frankfurt: Campus, 2008).

Hilari Raguer, ‘The Spanish Church and the Civil War. Between Persecution and Repression’, in Jerez-Ferrán and Amago, Unearthing Franco's legacy : mass graves and the recovery of historical memory in Spain ISBN: 9780268032685 (pbk.); 0268032688 (pbk.), pp. 68-89.

FRANCOIST ANTI-CLERICAL VIOLENCE

Peter Anderson, Friend or foe? : occupation, collaboration and selective violence in the Spanish Civil War ISBN: 9781845197940 hardback alkaline paper; 1845197941 hardback alkaline paper; 9781782843269 electronic book; 9781782843276 electronic book, (Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2016), Chapter 7

STATE DIRECTED VIOLENCE AND ITS DEBATED EQUIVALENCE WITH VIOLENCE IN REPUBLICAN HELD TERRITORY

Peter Anderson, ‘The Chetwode Commission and British Diplomatic Responses to Violence behind the Lines in the Spanish Civil War’, European history quarterly. ISSN: 0265-6914, 42, 2, (2012), pp. 235-260 (available electronically through the library).

Julian Casanova, The Spanish Republic and Civil War ISBN: 9780521737807 (pbk.); 9780521493888 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010), Chapter 7 – available online through the library catalogue

Paul Preston, The Spanish holocaust : inquisition and extermination in twentieth-century Spain ISBN: 9780006386957 (pbk.); 9780002556347 (hbk.); 0002556340 (hbk.); 0006386954 (pbk.).

Julius Ruiz, ‘Defending the Republic: The García Atadell Brigade in Madrid, 1936’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 42, 1, (2007), pp. 97-115. (available electronically through the library catalogue).

Julius Ruiz, ‘Work Don’t Lose Hope: Republican Forced Labour Camps during the Spanish Civil War’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 18, 4, (2009), pp. 419-441 (available electronically through the library catalogue).

THE EFFECT OF VIOLENCE IN THE REPUBLIC ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

Maria Thomas, ‘The Front Line of Albion’s Perfidy. Inputs into the Making of British Policy towards Spain: the racism and snobbery of Norman King’, International journal of Iberian studies. ISSN: 1352-7258, 20, 2 (2007), pp. 105-127.

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WEEK SIX: WOMEN AND FRANCO’S PRISONS

VLE POST

What can we learn from the testimony of women like Pilar Fidalgo, Carlota O’Neill or the interviews collected by Tomasa Cuevas?

PRIMARY MATERIAL

Tomasa Cuevas, Prison of women : testimonies of war and resistance in Spain, 1939-1975 ISBN: 0791438589; 0791438570 (hc : alk. paper), (Albany: State University of New York, 1998).

Pilar Fidalgo, A young mother in Franco's prisons ; Señora Pilar Fidalgo's story. (London: United Editorial, 1939).

Carlota O’Neill, Trapped in Spain (Toronto: Solidarity Books, 1978).

SEMINAR DISCUSSION

Evaluate the importance of women’s prison survivor memoirs.

Andreas Lixl-Purcell, ‘Memory as History’, Leo Baeck Institute Yearbook ISSN: 0075-8744, 39, 1, (1994), pp. 227-238.   

Catherine O'Leary, ‘Bearing Witness: Carlota O'Neill's Una mujer en la Guerra de España’, Bulletin of Spanish studies. ISSN: 1475-3820: Hispanic Studies and Researches on Spain, Portugal and Latin America, 89, 7-8 (2012), pp. 155-168.

Shirley Mangini, ‘Memories of Resistance: Women Activists from the Spanish Civil War’, Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740, 17 (1991), pp. 171-186. (particularly the last section on prison memoirs).

Roger Simon and Caludia Eppert, ‘Remembering Obligation: Pedagogy and the Witnessing of Testimony in Historical Trauma’, Canadian Journal of Education ISSN: 0380-2361, 22, 2, (1997), pp. 175-191 – available online. Carry out a Google Scholar search and follow the links.

ON THE IMPORTANCE OF BEARING WITNESS

Shirley Mangini, Memories of Resistance : women's voices from the Spanish Civil War (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1995), Chapter 5, Chapter 6

Irina Sherbakova, ‘The Gulag in Memory’, in Robert Perks and Alistair Thomson, (eds.), The Oral History Reader, (London: Routledge, 1998), pp. 235-245.

Portela, M. Edurne. "Writing (In) Prison: The Discourse of Confinement in Lidia Falcón's" En el infierno"." Arizona Journal of Hispanic Cultural Studies (2007): 121-136 OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (SRJ 03/10/2017) (available online – carry out a Google Scholar search and follow the links).

FURTHER READING

Ryan A Davis, ‘Caught in Franco’s Web: virtual memories of prisons during the Franco Regime’, Journal of Spanish Cultural Studies ISSN: 1463-6204; 1469-9818 9, 1, (2008), pp. 89-101.

Helen Graham, War & its shadow : Spain's Civil War in Europe's long twentieth century ISBN: 9781845195113 (pbk.) : £22.50; 9781845195106 (hbk.) : £50.00; 1845195108 (hbk.) : £50.00; 1845195116 (pbk.) : £22.50 (Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2012). Chapter 6

Jo Labanyi, ‘Testimonies of Repression: Methodological and Political Issues’ in Unearthing Franco's legacy : mass graves and the recovery of historical memory in Spain, ed. by Carlos Jerez-Farrán and Samuel Amago (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2010), pp. 192-205 OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (SRJ 03/10/2017) 

Sarah Leggott, ‘A testimony of female Communist militancy: Nieves Castro’s Una vida para un ideal’, Journal of Iberian and Latin American research ISSN: 1326-0219 8, 1 (2002), pp. 89-102.

Michael Richards, ‘Morality and Biology in the Spanish Civil War: Psychiatrists, Revolution and Women prisoners in Málaga’, Contemporary European history. ISSN: 0960-7773, 10, 3 (2001), pp. 395-421.

WOMEN AND PRISON

Gina Herrmann, ‘Voices of the vanquished: Leftist women and the Spanish Civil War.’ Journal of Spanish Cultural Studies ISSN: 1463-6204; 1469-9818 4, 1 (2003), pp. 11-29.

Raquel Osborne, ‘Good girls versus bad girls in early Francoist prisons: Sexuality as a great divide." Sexualities. ISSN: 1363-4607 14.5 (2011), pp. 509-525.

ON CHILDREN

Ángela Cenarro, ‘Memories of Repression and Resistance: Narratives of Children Institutionalized by the Auxilio Social in Postwar Spain’, History & memory. ISSN: 0935-560x, 20, 2 (2008), pp. 39-59.

Lorraine Ryan, ‘The Sins of the Father: the destruction of the Republican Family in Franco’s Spain’, The history of the family ISSN: 1081-602X, 14 (2009), pp. 245–252.

  1. Kosser, ‘Children in the Spanish Civil War, in Martin Baumeister and Stephanie Schuler-Springorum (eds.), "If you tolerate this-- " : the Spanish Civil War in the age of total war ISBN: 9783593386942 (pbk.); 3593386941 (pbk.) (Frankfurt: Campus Verlag, 2008).

Michael Richards, ‘Antonio Vallejo Nágera: Heritage , Psychiatry and War’, in Miguel Ángel del Arco Blanco and Alejandro Quiroga, (eds.), Right-wing Spain in the Civil War era : soldiers of God and apostles of the Fatherland, 1914-1945 (London: Continum, 2012), pp. 195-224.  

Michael Richards, ‘Ideology and the Psychology of War Children in Franco’s Spain, 1936-1945’, available at - Children of World War II

BBC Radio Documentary – Child Refugees of the Spanish Civil War. Available at:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/iplayer/episode/p00jn4bt/Witness_Child_evacuees_from_the_Spanish_Civil_War/

Spain’s Stolen Children – BBC Magazine Report. Available at:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-15335899

THE BBC ON 30,000 STOLEN CHILDREN

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/8219250.stm

SPAIN’S STOLEN BABIES

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IrYaeIOXXLA

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WEEK SEVEN

No seminar.

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WEEK EIGHT: THE MYTHS OF FRANCOISM

VLE POST

Assess the importance of Ronald Fraser, In hiding : the life of Manuel Cortes ISBN: 0713902809, (London: Penguin, 1972).

Ronald Fraser, In hiding : the life of Manuel Cortes ISBN: 0713902809, (London: Penguin, 1972).

SEMINAR DISCUSSION

To what extent was Francoism built on myths?

COMPULSORY READING

Paloma Aguilar Fernández, Memory and amnesia : the role of the Spanish Civil War in the transition to democracy, (Oxford: Berghan Books, 2002), Chapter 2 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Ángel Viñas, ‘The endurance of Francoist myths in democratic Spain’, International journal of Iberian studies. ISSN: 1352-7258, 25, 3, (2012), pp. 201–214.

IMPORTANT READING

Antonio Cazorla Sánchez, Antonio, Fear and progress : ordinary lives in Franco's Spain, 1939-1975 ISBN: 9781405133166 (pbk.); 9781405133159 (hbk.); 1405133155 (hbk.); 1405133163 (pbk.), (Oxford: Blackwell, 2007).

Ángela Cenarro, ‘Memory beyond the Public Sphere: the Francoist repression remembered in Aragón’, History & memory. ISSN: 0935-560x, 14, 1/2, (2002), pp. 165-188 (available online through the library).

Ángela Cenarro. "Memories of Repression and Resistance: Narratives of Children Institutionalized by Auxilio Social in Postwar Spain." History & memory. ISSN: 0935-560x 20,2 (2008), pp. 39-59.

Ángela Cenarro,. "Francoist nostalgia and memories of the Spanish Civil War." International journal of Iberian studies. ISSN: 1352-7258 21, 3 (2008).

FURTHER READING

Michael Richards, After the civil war : making memory and re-making Spain since 1936 ISBN: 9780521728188 (pbk.); 9780521899345, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013).

Herbert R. Southworth, Conspiracy and the Spanish Civil War : the brainwashing of Francisco Franco. (London: Routledge, 2002).

KEY MATERIAL

Podcast discussion between Paul Preston and Ángel Viñas on Francoist myths at:

https://web.archive.org/web/20160323033957/http://britac.studyserve.com/home/Lecture.asp?ContentContainerID=111

ADDITIONAL READING

THE HITLER MYTH

Paul Preston, ‘Franco and Hitler: the myth of Hendaye’, Contemporary European history. ISSN: 0960-7773, 1, (1992), pp. 1-16 (available online through the library catalogue).

FRANCO AND THE HOLOCAUST

Avni Haim, Avni Spain, the Jews, and Franco ISBN: 0827601883, (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1982).

Isabelle Rohr, The Spanish right and the Jews, 1898-1945 : antisemitism and opportunism, (Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2007).

THE PIO MOA PHENOMENON

The Guardian. ISSN: 0261-3077 on Pio Moa

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2003/apr/22/spain.books

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2005/nov/14/books.spain?INTCMP=ILCNETTXT3487

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2003/apr/22/spain.books?INTCMP=ILCNETTXT3487

Stanley Payne review of Pio Moa at:http://wais.stanford.edu/Spain/spain_piomoaandthecivilwar7803.html

Robert Stradling, ‘Moaist Revolution and the Spanish Civil War: ‘Revisionist’ History and Historical Politics’, English historical review. ISSN: 0013-8266, CXXII, (2007), pp. 452-457 (available online through the library).

REBUILDING SPAIN

Antonio Cazorla Sánchez, ‘Beyond they Shall not Pass. How the Experience of Violence Re-shaped Political Values in Franco’s Spain’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 40, 3, (2005), pp. 503-520 (available online through the library).

Stanley Payne, The Franco Regime, 1936-1975, (London: Phoenix, 2000).

Nigel Townson, Spain transformed : the late Franco dictatorship, 1959-75, (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007) (available online through the library catalogue).

THE EFFECT ON CHILDREN

THE GUARDIAN ON FRANCO SUPPORTERS CONTINUING TO PRAISE HIM

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2007/nov/19/spain.international?INTCMP=ILCNETTXT3487

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WEEK NINE: THE TRANSITION TO DEMOCRACY AND SILENCING THE PAST

VLE Post

Drawing on Francisco Espinosa’s book Shoot the Messenger analyse the difficulties some Spaniards have faced in confronting the violent Francoist past.

Francisco Espinosa Maestre, Shoot the messenger? : Spanish democracy and the crimes of Francoism : from the pact of silence to the trial of Baltasar Garzón, (Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2013).

SEMINAR DISCUSSION

Why did so many Spaniards prefer to forget the past during the transition to democracy?

COMPULSORY READING

Paloma Aguilar, ‘Collective Memory of the Spanish Civil War: the case of political amnesty in the Spanish Transition to Democracy’, Democratization. ISSN: 1351-0347, 4, (4), (1997), pp. 88-109 (available online through the library).

Paloma Aguilar, ‘Justice, Politics and Memory in the Spanish Transition’, in Alexandra De Brito, The Politics of Memory: transitional justice in democratizing societies, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001), pp. 92-118   

Omar G. Encarnación, ‘Justice in Times of Transition: lessons from the Iberian experience’, International studies quarterly. ISSN: 0020-8833, 56, (2012), pp. 179-192 (available online through the library).

FURTHER READING

Paloma Aguilar, and Carsten Humlebaek, ‘Collective Memory and National Identity in the Spanish Democracy: The Legacies of Francoism and the Civil War’, History & memory. ISSN: 0935-560x, 14, 1/2, (2002), pp. 121-164 (available online through the library).

Paloma Aguilar, ‘The memory of the civil war in the transition to democracy: The peculiarity of the Basque case’, West European politics. ISSN: 0140-2382, 21, 4, (1998), pp. 5-25 (available online through the library).

Paloma Aguilar Fernández, Memory and amnesia : the role of the Spanish Civil War in the transition to democracy, (Oxford: Berghan Books, 2002).

Gregorio Alonso, Politics and memory of democratic transition : the Spanish model ISBN: 9780415997201 (hbk.) : £60.00; 0415997208 (hbk.) : £60.00, (London: Routledge, 2011) (available online through the library).

Caroline Boyd, ‘The Politics of History and Memory in Democratic Spain’. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. ISSN: 0002-7162, 617, pp. 133-148 (available online through the library).

Omar Encarnación, ‘Reconciliation after Democratization: coping with the past in Spain’, Political science quarterly. ISSN: 0032-3195, 123, 3, (2008), pp. 435-459 (available online through the library).

Omar Encarnación, Democracy without justice in Spain : the politics of forgetting ISBN: 9780812245684 (hardcover : alk. paper); 0812245687 (hardcover : alk. paper), (Philadelphia: University of Philadelphia Press, 2014).

Richard Gunther, ‘Spain: The Very Model of the Modern Elite Settlement’, in John Higley and Richard Gunther, eds, Elites and democratic consolidation in Latin America and Southern Europe ISBN: 0521424224 (pbk); 0521413745 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992), pp. 38-80. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Fernando León de Solís, ‘The transition(s) to democracy and discourses of memory’, International journal of Iberian studies. ISSN: 1352-7258, 16, 1, (2003), pp. 49-63 (available online through the library).

Alison de Menezes Ribeiro, Embodying memory in contemporary Spain ISBN: 9781137379948 (e-book). (Basingtoke: Palgrave, 2014) .

 Antonio Miguez Macho, The genocidal genealogy of Francoism : violence, memory and impunity ISBN: 9781845197490 (hardback); 9781782842460 ebk. (Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2016), Introduction   

Michael Richards, 'From War Culture to Civil Society: Francoism, Social Change and Memories of the Spanish Civil War', History & memory. ISSN: 0935-560x, 14, 1-2, (2002), 80-107 (available online through the library).

Sueiro Seoane, S., ‘Spain during the Transition from Dictatorship to Democracy’, Contemporary European history. ISSN: 0960-7773, 13, 3, (2004), pp. 367-374 (available online through the library).

STUDIES OF THE TRANSITION

Josep M. Colomer, ‘Transitions by Agreement: Modelling the Spanish Way’, The American political science review. ISSN: 0003-0554, 85:4 (1991), pp. 1283-1302

John F. Coverdale, The political transformation of Spain after Franco ISBN: 0030443261, (New York: Praeger, 1979).

David Gilmore, The transformation of Spain : from Franco to the constitutional monarchy ISBN: 0704300281, (London: Quartet, 1985).

José Maravall, The transition to democracy in Spain ISBN: 0709917147, (London: Croom Helm, 1982).

Cristina Palomares, The quest for survival after Franco : moderate Francoism and the slow journey to the polls, 1964-1977, (Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2004).

Victor Pérez Díaz, The Return of Civil Society: the emergence of democratic Spain, (London: Harvard University Press, 1993).

Charles Powell, Juan Carlos of Spain : self-made monarch ISBN: 033364929X, (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1996).

Paul Preston, The triumph of democracy in Spain ISBN: 041504314X, (London: Routledge, 1990).

Paul Preston, Juan Carlos : a people's king, (London: Harper Collins, 2004).

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WEEK 10: EXHUMING THE PAST

VLE POST

Assess the importance of Ramón Sender Barayón, A death in Zamora ISBN: 1588987892; 9781588987891, (Calm Unity Press, 2003) in helping us understand the challenges in coming to terms with Spain’s repressive Francoist past.

Ramón Sender Barayón, A death in Zamora ISBN: 1588987892; 9781588987891, (Calm Unity Press, 2003)

SEMINAR DISCUSSION

To what extent have memory activists managed to help Spanish society come to terms the violent Francoist past?

PRIMARY MATERIAL

Giles Tremlet, Ghosts of Spain: travels through a country’s hidden past, (London: Faber and Faber, 2006).

COMPULSORY READING

Georgina Blakely, ‘Digging up Spain's past: consequences of truth and reconciliation’ Democratization. ISSN: 1351-0347, 12, 1, (2005), pp. 44-59 (available online through the library).

Francisco Ferándiz, ‘Cries and Whispers: exhuming and narrating defeat in Spain today’, Journal of Spanish Cultural Studies ISSN: 1463-6204; 1469-9818, 9, 2, (2008), pp. 177-192 (available online through the library catalogue).

Layla Renshaw, ‘Missing Bodies Near-at-Hand: The Dissonant Memory and Dormant Graves of the Spanish Civil War’. In: Bille, Mikkel , Hastrup, Frida and Flohr Sorenson, Tim, (eds.) The anthropology of absence : materializations of transcendence and loss ISBN: 9781441955333, (2010), pp. 45-61.

FURTHER READING: DIGGING UP THE PAST

Paloma Aguilar and Francisco Ferrándiz, ‘Memory, Media and Spectacle: Intervíu’s Portrayal of Civil War Exhumations in the Early Years of Spanish Democracy’, Journal of Spanish Cultural Studies ISSN: 1463-6204; 1469-9818, 17:1 (2016), pp. 1-25.

Richard Barker, Skeletons in the closet, skeletons in the ground : repression, victimization and humiliation in a small Andalusian town : the human consequences of the Spanish Civil War, (London: Sussex Academic Press, 2012).

Alejandro Baer and Natan Sznaider. "Ghosts of the Holocaust in Franco’s mass graves: Cosmopolitan memories and the politics of “never again”." Memory studies ISSN: 1750-6980 (2015):

Miriam Basilio, Visual propaganda, exhibitions, and the Spanish Civil War ISBN: 9781409464815 (hbk.) : £65.00, (Farnham: Ashgate, 2013), chapter five.

  1. Bevernage and L Colaret, ‘History from the Grave? Politics of time in Spanish mass grave exhumations, Memory studies ISSN: 1750-6980, 7, 4, (2014), pp. 440-456.

Mike Elkin, ‘Opening Franco’s Graves’, Archaeology. ISSN: 0003-8113, 59, 5, (2006), pp. 38-43 (available online through the library)

Francisco Ferrándiz, ‘The Return of Civil War Ghosts: The Ethnography of Exhumations in Contemporary Spain’, Anthropology today. ISSN: 0268-540x, 22:3 (June 2006),

Josep Gelonch-Solé, ‘Mass Graves from the Civil War and the Franco Era in Spain: Once Forgotten, Now at the Heart of the Public Debate’, European Review ISSN: 1062-7987; 1474-0575 21,4, (2013), pp. 507.

Helen Graham, War & its shadow : Spain's Civil War in Europe's long twentieth century ISBN: 9781845195113 (pbk.) : £22.50; 9781845195106 (hbk.) : £50.00; 1845195108 (hbk.) : £50.00; 1845195116 (pbk.) : £22.50, (Brighton: Sussex University Press, 2012), last chapter.

  1. Cinta Ramblado-Minero, ‘Sites of Memory/Sites of Oblivion in Contemporary Spain." Revista canadiense de estudios hispánicos. ISSN: 0384-8167 (2011), pp. 29-42, available online – carry out a Google Scholar search and follow the links.

Antonio Miguez Macho, The genocidal genealogy of Francoism : violence, memory and impunity ISBN: 9781845197490 (hardback); 9781782842460 ebk. (Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2016), chapters three and four (book available in four-hour loan).

Oxana Shevel, ‘The politics of memory in a divided society: A comparison of post-Franco Spain and post-Soviet Ukraine.’ Slavic review. ISSN: 0037-6779 70,1, (2011), pp. 137-164.

Francisco Ferrándiz, ‘The Return of Civil War Ghosts: the Ethnography of Exhumations in Contemporary Spain’, Anthropology today. ISSN: 0268-540x, 22, 3, (2006), pp. 7-12 (available online through the library catalogue).

Francisco Ferrándiz and Alejandro Baer, ‘Digital Memory: the visual recording of mass grave exhumations in contemporary Spain’, available at: http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/article/view/1152/2578

M, Folch-Serra, ‘The Internet as Site of Memory: Beholding Franco's Repression in the 21 st Century’ Revista canadiense de estudios hispánicos. ISSN: 0384-8167 (2011), pp. 227-242 (available online – carry out a Google Scholar search and follow the links).

Carlos Jerez-Ferrán and Samuel Amago, Unearthing Franco's legacy : mass graves and the recovery of historical memory in Spain ISBN: 9780268032685 (pbk.); 0268032688 (pbk.), (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2010).

Anindya Raychaudhuri, The Spanish civil war : exhuming a buried past ISBN: 9780708325780, (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2013).

Layla Renshaw, ‘The scientific and affective identification of Republican civilian victims from the Spanish Civil War’, Journal of Material Culture ISSN: 1359-1835, 17, 4, (2010), pp. 449-463 (available online through the library).

Layla Renshaw, Exhuming loss : memory, materiality and mass graves of the Spanish Civil War ISBN: 9781611320428 (paperback); 9781611320411 (hardback); 1611320410 (hardback); 1611320429 (paperback) (Left Coast Books, 2011).

Jonah S Rubin, ‘Transitional Justice against the State: Lessons from Spanish Civil Society-Led Forensic Exhumations’ International journal of transitional justice ISSN: 1752-7716 (2014).

THE ROLE OF HISTORY

Merian Jump, ‘The Role of Archives in the Movement for the Recovery of Historical Memory in Spain. La Rioja: A Regional Case Study’, Journal of the Society of Archivists. ISSN: 0037-9816, 33, 2, (2012), pp. 149-166. Order a scanned copy.

ON REVISIONISM

Special edition of International journal of Iberian studies. ISSN: 1352-7258, 21, 3 (2008).

THE JUDICIARY AND MEMORY POLITICS

Paloma Aguilar, ‘Judiciary Involvement in Authoritarian Repression and Transitional Justice: the Spanish case in comparative perspective, International journal of transitional justice ISSN: 1752-7716, 7, (2013), pp. 1-22.

Peter Buridge, ‘Waking the Dead of the Spanish Civil War. Judge Baltasar Garzón and the Spanish Law of Historical Memory’, Journal of international criminal justice. ISSN: 1478-1387; 1478-1395 (Electronic), 9, (2011), pp. 753-781.

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/oct/17/spain

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/feb/05/baltasar-garzon-trial-franco-crimes?INTCMP=ILCNETTXT3487

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/feb/09/spain-judge-baltasar-garzon-suspended?intcmp=239

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2012/feb/27/baltasar-garzon-cleared-franco-crimes?intcmp=239

MEMORY AND POLITICS

Madeleine Davis, ‘Is Spain Recovering its Memory? Breaking the Pacto de Olvido’, Human rights quarterly. ISSN: 0275-0392; 1085-794X, 27, 3, (2005), pp. 858-880 (available online through the library).

Omar Encarnación, Spanish politics : democracy after dictatorship ISBN: 9780745639932 (pbk.) : £15.99; 9780745639925 (hbk.) : £50.00; 0745639925 (hbk.) : £50.00; 0745639933 (pbk.) : £15.99, (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2008).

Stephanie Golob, ‘Volver: the return of/to transitional justice politics in Spain’, Journal of Spanish Cultural Studies ISSN: 1463-6204; 1469-9818, 9, 2, (2008), pp. 127-141 (available online through the library).

Graham, Helen. "The Spanish Civil War, 1936-2003: The Return of Republican Memory." Science & society. ISSN: 0036-8237 (2004): 313-328.

Rothenberg, Daniel, ‘Let Justice Judge. An Interview with Baltasar Garzón and Analysis of his Ideas’, Human rights quarterly. ISSN: 0275-0392; 1085-794X, 24, 4, (2002), pp. 924-973 (available online through the library).

THE GUARDIAN ON EXHUMATIONS

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2003/mar/10/spain.gilestremlett?INTCMP=ILCNETTXT3487

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2003/jul/17/spain.gilestremlett?INTCMP=ILCNETTXT3487

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2008/aug/21/spain?INTCMP=ILCNETTXT3487

THE GUARDIAN ON THE FRANCOIST LEGACY

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2004/nov/04/spain.gilestremlett?INTCMP=ILCNETTXT3487

Haunted by Franco

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QAm3uRKA484

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WEEK ELEVEN: THE VALUE OF COMMEMORATION AND DOCUMENTARIES AS MEMORIAL WORK

VLE POST

Why has a proposed memorial to International Brigade members in Oxford proved controversial

http://www.international-brigades.org.uk/content/international-brigade-memorial-oxford

http://www.oxfordmail.co.uk/news/15120449.Plans_for_Oxford_memorial_to_Spanish_Civil_War_volunteers_clears_key_hurdle/

http://www.oxfordhistory.org.uk/war/other_wars/spanish_civil_war.html

https://www.morningstaronline.co.uk/a-69a5-Nimbys-block-nod-to-heroes-of-Spain-civil-war-in-Oxford#.WWYu7k2ovct

SEMINAR DISCUSSON

Why are memorials important?

Can television documentaries carry out memorial work?

COMPULSORY READING

Montse Armengou Martín, ‘Investigative Journalism as a Tool for Recovering Historical Memory’, in Jerez-Ferrán and Amago, Unearthing Franco's legacy : mass graves and the recovery of historical memory in Spain ISBN: 9780268032685 (pbk.); 0268032688 (pbk.), pp. 156-167.

Kris Brown, ‘Commemoration as Symbolic Reparation: New Narratives or Spaces of Conflict?’, Human Rights Review, 14, 3 (2013), pp. 273-289. Available here: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12142-013-0277-z

Lisa Moore, (Re)Covering the Past, Remembering the Trauma: The Politics of Commemoration at Sites of Atrocity, Woodrow Wilson School Journal of Public and International Affairs, 20 - Available here: http://0-www.ciaonet.org.wam.leeds.ac.uk/record/20490?search=1

ON STREET NAMES

Alderman, Derek H. "Street names as memorial arenas: The reputational politics of commemorating Martin Luther King in a Georgia county." Historical Geography 30 (2002): 99-120. Available through a search via Google Scholar – do it: it’s a really interesting article. - Available online: https://ejournals.unm.edu/index.php/historicalgeography/article/view/2982

ON THE ROLE OF DOCUMENTARIES

Isabel Estrada, ‘Catalan Television Documentaries and the Works of Dolors Genovés: The Negotiation of Memory in Democratic Spain’, Catalan Review, 20 (2006), pp. 117-30. - Available online: www.raco.cat/index.php/CatalanReview/article/download/310096/400110

Enric Castelló, ‘Disrupting “Wills to Truth”: How Catalan TV Documentary Contributed to the Democratization of Spanish Civil War Narratives’, Memory studies ISSN: 1750-6980, 7, 2, (2014), pp. 223-38.

Anne E. Hardcastle, ‘“El documental es un arma cargada de pasado”: Representation in Documentary and Testimony’, in Carlos Jerez-Farrán and Samuel Amago, eds, Unearthing Franco's legacy : mass graves and the recovery of historical memory in Spain ISBN: 9780268032685 (pbk.); 0268032688 (pbk.) (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2010), pp. 148-55.

Gina Herrmann, ‘Documentary’s Labours of Law: The Television Journalism of Montse Armengou and Ricard Belis’, Journal of Spanish Cultural Studies ISSN: 1463-6204; 1469-9818, 9:2 (2008), pp. 193-212

Gina Herrmann, ‘Mass Graves on Spanish TV: A Tale of Two Documentaries’, in Carlos Jerez-Farrán and Samuel Amago, eds, Unearthing Franco's legacy : mass graves and the recovery of historical memory in Spain ISBN: 9780268032685 (pbk.); 0268032688 (pbk.) (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 2010), pp. 168-91.

This list was last updated on 25/09/2017