Leeds University Library

HIST2152
Module Reading List

Spain, 1898-1936: Disaster, Reaction and Reform, 2017/18, Semester 2
Peter Anderson
P.P.Anderson@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Week One The Restoration System

Seminar Question

What made Spain such an unstable country in the nineteenth century?

Core Reading

Chandler, James, ‘The Self-Destructive Nature of the Spanish Restoration’, Iberian studies., 1973 (available as a scanned reading)

Linz, Juan, ‘Parties, Elections and Elites under the Restoration Monarchy in Spain, 1875-1923’, VII World Congress of International Political Science, Brussels, 1967 OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (srj 02/01/2018)  [[please scan]].  

Shubert, Adrian, Spanish History Since 1808 (London: Bloomsbury, 2010), chapter 6 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  [[please scan]].  

Further Reading

Raymond Carr, Spain 1808-1975 ISBN: 0198221282 (pbk); 0198221274 (hbk) (Oxford: OUP, 1982), Section IX, chapter 3 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  [[please scan]]  

Esdale, Charles, Spain in the liberal age : from constitution to Civil War, 1808-1939 ISBN: 0631149880 (hb) (Oxford: Blackwell, 2000) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  chapters 8 and 9.   

Moreno-Luzón, Javier, ‘Political Clientelism, Elites, and caciquismo in Restoration Spain’, European history quarterly. ISSN: 0265-6914, 37, 3, (2007), pp. 417-41.

Romero Salvadó, Francisco J., ‘The organized Labour Movement in Spain: The long road to its baptism of fire, 1868–1917.’ Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies 2,1 (1996), pp. 1-27. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

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Week Two The Loss of Empire and the Regenerationist Movement

VLE Presentation

How did Millán Astray seek to regenerate Spain?

KEY READING

Paul Preston, chapter on Millán Astray in, Comrades: Portraits from the Spanish Civil War, (London: HarperCollins, 1999). Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva    

 Geoffrey R. Jensen, ‘José Millán-Astray and the Nationalist ‘Crusade in Spain’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094 27, 3 (1992), pp. 425-447.

 Geoffrey R. Jensen, ‘Military Nationalism and the State: the case of Fin-de-Siécle Spain’, Nations and nationalism. ISSN: 1354-5078, 2, 6, (2000), pp. 257-74. (available on line)

IMPORTANT READING

José E. Álvarez, The betrothed of death : the Spanish Foreign Legion during the Rif Rebellion, 1920-1927 ISBN: 0313306974, (Westport, CT, Greenwood Press, 2000).

Susan Martin‐Márquez, ‘Performing masculinity in the Moroccan theatre: virility, sexuality and Spanish military culture from the African War to the Civil War,’ European review of history = Revue européenne d'histoire. ISSN: 1350-7486; 1469-8293 11, 2 (2004),pp. 225-240 [[please scan]].     

Seminar Question

Why did the Regenerationist Movement Fail to Overturn the Restoration System?

Core Reading

Balfour, S., ‘Riot, Regeneration and Reaction: Spain in the Aftermath of the 1989 Disaster’, The historical journal. ISSN: 0018-246x, 38, 2, (1995), pp. 405-423.

Harrsion, J., ‘The Regenerationist Movement in Spain after the Disaster of 1898’, European studies review. ISSN: 0014-3111, 9, (1979), pp. 1-27.

Varela Ortega, J., ‘Aftermath of Splendid Disaster: Spanish Politics before and after the Spanish American War of 1898’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 15, (1980).

Important Reading

Balfour, Sebastian The end of the Spanish empire, 1898-1923 ISBN: 0198205074, (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997), chapter 3 (available as a scanned reading)

Salvadó Romero, F., ‘The Failure of the Liberal Project of the Spanish Nation State, 1909-1923’, in Mar Molinero, C., and Smith, A., (eds.), Nationalism and the Nation in the Iberian Peninsula, (Oxford: Berg, 1996)

Further Reading

Blinkhorn, M., ‘Spain: The 'Spanish Problem' and the Imperial Myth’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 15, 1, (1980), pp. 5-25.

Boyd, C., Historia patria : politics, history, and national identity in Spain, 1875-1975 ISBN: 0691026564 (cl : alk. paper), (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997)

Del Mar del Pozo, Andres, M., ‘The Rebirth of the ‘Spanish Race’: the state, nationalism, and education in Spain, 1875-1931’, European history quarterly. ISSN: 0265-6914, 29, 1, (1999), pp. 75-107.

Jensen, G., ‘Military Nationalism and the State: the case of Fin-de-Siécle Spain’, Nations and nationalism. ISSN: 1354-5078, 2, 6, (2000), pp. 257-74. (available on line)

Kern, Robert, Liberals, reformers, and caciques in restoration Spain, 1875-1909 ISBN: 0826303471, (Alberquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1974).

Smith, Joseph, The Spanish-American War : conflict in the Caribbean and the Pacific, 1895-1902 ISBN: 0582043409; 058204300x (cased), (London: Longman, 1994)

Further Reading on the Economy

Harrison, J., An economic history of modern Spain ISBN: 0719007046 : £7.50, (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1978)

Tortella Casares, G., The development of modern Spain : an economic history of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries ISBN: 0674000943, (London: Harvard University Press, 2000)

Further Reading

Blinkhorn, M., ‘Spain: The 'Spanish Problem' and the Imperial Myth’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094 , 15, 1, (1980), pp. 5-25.

Balfour, S., The end of the Spanish empire, 1898-1923 ISBN: 0198205074, (Oxford: OUP, 1997)

Boyd, C., Historia patria : politics, history, and national identity in Spain, 1875-1975 ISBN: 0691026564 (cl : alk. paper), (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997)

Del Mar del Pozo, Andres, M., ‘The Rebirth of the ‘Spanish Race’: the state, nationalism, and education in Spain, 1875-1931’, European history quarterly. ISSN: 0265-6914, 29, 1, (1999), pp. 75-107.

Jensen, G., ‘Military Nationalism and the State: the case of Fin-de-Siécle Spain’, Nations and nationalism. ISSN: 1354-5078, 2, 6, (2000), pp. 257-74. (available on line)

Kern, Robert, Liberals, reformers, and caciques in restoration Spain, 1875-1909 ISBN: 0826303471, (Alberquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1974).

Salvadó Romero, F., ‘The Failure of the Liberal Project of the Spanish Nation State, 1909-1923’, in Mar Molinero, C., and Smith, A., (eds.), Nationalism and the Nation in the Iberian Peninsula, (Oxford: Berg, 1996)

Smith, Joseph, The Spanish-American War : conflict in the Caribbean and the Pacific, 1895-1902, (London: Longman, 1994)

Further Reading on the Economy

Harrsion, J., An economic history of modern Spain ISBN: 0719007046 : £7.50, (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1978)

Tortella Casares, G., The development of modern Spain : an economic history of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries ISBN: 0674000943, (London: Harvard University Press, 2000)

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Week Three Catalonian Nationalism before 1931

VLE POST

Drawing on Josep Trueta, The spirit of Catalonia (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1946) explain why for this author Catalonia’s history appeared so golden.

Reading

Josep Trueta, The spirit of Catalonia (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1946)

Seminar Question

Explain the origins and demands of Catalonian nationalism.

Core Reading

Earlich, C. E., ‘The Lliga Regionalista and the Catalan Industrial Bourgeoisie’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 33, 3, (1998), pp. 399-418.

Harrison, Joseph, ‘La Espanya Catalana: Catalanist plans to transform Spain into a modern Catalanist economy. 1898-1923’, Journal of Iberian and Latin American studies. ISSN: 1470-1847; 1469-9524, vol.7, no.2. (2001), pp.144-54.

Harrison, Joseph. "Big Business and the Failure of Right-Wing Catalan Nationalism, 1901–1923." The historical journal. ISSN: 0018-246x 19.04 (1976): 901-918.

Important Reading

Balfour, Sebastian, The end of the Spanish empire, 1898-1923 ISBN: 0198205074, (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2007), chapter 5

Harrison, J., ‘The Catalan Industrial Elite, 1898-1923’, in Lannon, F., and Preston, P., Elites and Power in Twentieth Century Spain. Essays in Honour of Sir Raymond Carr, (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990), pp. 45-70.

Payne, Stanley, ‘Nationalism, regionalism and micro-nationalism in Spain’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, vol. 26 (1991).

Smith, Angel, ‘The People and the Nation: Nationalist mobilization and the crisis of the 1895-98 in Spain’ in Smith, Angel and Emma Dávila Cox, The crisis of 1898 : colonial redistribution and nationalist mobilization ISBN: 0312216505 (Basingstoke, 1999).  

Smith, Angel, The origins of Catalan nationalism, 1770-1898 ISBN: 9781137354488 (hbk.) : £60.00, (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2014) chapter 7 [[please scan]]  

Further Reading

Balcells, A., Catalan Nationalism: past and present, (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1996).

Conversi, D., The Basques, The Catalans and Spain: alternative routes to nationalist mobilization, (Reno: University of Nevada Press, 1997)

Conversi, D., ‘Language or Race? The Choice of Core Values in the Development of Catalan and Basque Nationalisms’, Ethnic and racial studies. ISSN: 0141-9870, 13, 1, (1990), pp. 50-70.

Diez Medrano, J., Divided nations : class, politics, and nationalism in the Basque Country and Catalonia ISBN: 0801430925, (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1995)

Harrison, J., ‘Catalan Business and the Loss of Cuba, 1989-1914’, The economic history review. ISSN: 0013-0117, 27, 3, (1974), pp. 431-441.

Llobrera, J. M., ‘The Idea of Volkgeist in the Formation of Catalan Nataionlist Ideology’, Ethnic and racial studies. ISSN: 0141-9870, 6, 3, (1983), pp. 332-350 (available as a scanned reading).

Payne, S., ‘Catalan and Basque Nationalism’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 6, 1, (1971), pp. 15-51.

Smith, Angel, ‘The Lliga Regionalista, the Catalan Right and the Making of the Primo de Rivera Dictatorship, 1916-23, in Francisco J. Romero Salvadó and Angel Smith (eds), The agony of Spanish liberalism : from revolution to dictatorship 1913-23 ISBN: 9780230554245; 0230554245 (Basingstoke, 2010), pp. 145-174.

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Week Four Basque Nationalism before 1931

VLE POST

How does Mark Kurlansky explain the origins of Basque Nationalism?

Core Reading

Kurlansky, Mark, The Basque history of the world ISBN: 0802713491, (London: Random House, 2000)

Seminar Questions

How can we explain the emergence of Basque nationalism?

What did Basque Nationalists believe?

Were Basque and Catalan Nationalism similar or different?

Core Reading

Sullivan, John, ETA and Basque Nationalism: The Fight for Euskadi, 1890-1986 (London, 1988), chapter 1 [[please scan]]    

Watson, Cameron, Modern Basque history : eighteenth century to the present ISBN: 1877802166 (pbk.); 1877802174 (Hardcover); 1877802182 (Compact disk) (Reno: University of Nevada Press, 2003), chapter 12 OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (srj 02/01/2018)  [[please scan]]  

Payne, S., ‘Catalan and Basque Nationalism’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 6, 1, (1971), pp. 15-51

Important Reading

Ben-Ami, S., ‘Basque Nationalism: between archaism and modernity’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 26, (1991), pp. 493-521

Further Reading

Conversi, D., The Basques, The Catalans and Spain: alternative routes to nationalist mobilization, (Reno: University of Nevada Press, 1997)

Corcuera Atienza, Javier, The Origins, Organization and Ideology of Basque nationalism and political violence : the ideological and intellectual origins of ETA ISBN: 9781877802768 (pbk.); 9781877802751 (hardcover), 1876-1903 (Reno: University of Nevada Press, 2007).

Díez Medrano, Juan, ‘Patterns of Development and Nationalism: Basque and Catalan Nationalism before the Civil War’, Theory and society. ISSN: 0304-2421, vol.23, no.4 (1994), pp.541-69.

Díez Medrano, Juan, Divided nations : class, politics, and nationalism in the Basque Country and Catalonia ISBN: 0801430925 (Ithaca, 1995).

Heiberg, M., The making of the Basque nation ISBN: 9780521040280 (pbk.); 0521361036 : £30.00 : CIP confirmed; 9780521361033 (hbk.), (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989)

Payne, S., Basque nationalism ISBN: 0874170427, (Reno: University of Nevada Press, 1975).

Perez-Agote, Alfonso, The social roots of Basque nationalism ISBN: 0874176050 (Reno: University of Nevada Press, 2006).

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Week Five The Impact of the First World War and the Attempted Revolution of 1917

VLE Post

Search The Times. ISSN: x000-0061 newspaper with the term Spain for July and August 1917. Use articles you find to analyse the reasons for the government’s triumph over the ‘revolutionaries’.

Core Reading

Access The Times. ISSN: x000-0061 through the library catalogue and use the search engine on The Times’ website.

Seminar Questions

How did the First World War affect Spain?

Why did the government survive the threat of 1917?

Core Reading

Brenan, Gerald, The Spanish labyrinth : an account of the social and political background of the Civil War, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001), chapter 4     

Meaker, G., ‘A Civil War of Words: The Ideological Impact of First World War on Spain, 1914-18’, in Schmitt, H., (ed.), Neutral Europe between war and revolution, 1917-23 ISBN: 0813911532, (Richmond: University of Virginia Press, 1988), pp. 1-65 OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (srj 02/01/2018)    

Romero, F., ‘Spain and the First World War: the structural crisis of the liberal monarchy’, European history quarterly. ISSN: 0265-6914, 25, 4, (1995), pp. 529-554.

Romero, Francisco J., ‘The Great War and the Crisis of Liberalism in Spain, 1916-1917’, The historical journal. ISSN: 0018-246x 46, 4 (2003), pp. 893-914.

Romero Salvadó, F, ‘Spain’s Revolutionary Crisis of 1917: A Reckless Gamble’, in Romero, F. and Smith, A., The agony of Spanish liberalism : from revolution to dictatorship 1913-23 ISBN: 9780230554245; 0230554245, (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010), pp. 62-91. [available online through the library catalogue]

Important Reading

Romero, Francisco, ‘‘Fatal Neutrality’: Pragmatism or Capitulation? Spain’s Foreign Policy during the Great War’, European history quarterly. ISSN: 0265-6914, 33, 3, (2003), pp. 291-315.

Romero, Francisco J., Spain, 1914-1918 : between war and revolution ISBN: 0415212936, (London: Routledge, 2012) 

Smith, Angel, ‘The Lliga Regionalista, the Catalan Right and the Making of the Primo de Rivera Dictatorship, 1918-20’, in Romero, F. and Smith, A., The agony of Spanish liberalism : from revolution to dictatorship 1913-23 ISBN: 9780230554245; 0230554245, (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010), pp. 145-174. [available online through the library catalogue] 

Further Reading

Harrison, J., ‘The Failure of Economic Reconstitution in Spain, 1916-23’, European studies review. ISSN: 0014-3111, 13, (1983), pp. 63-88

McHarq, F., Pistoleros! : the chronicles of Farquhar McHarg. Volume I, 1918. ISBN: 9781604864014 (pbk.) : £13.99; 160486401X (pbk.) : £13.99

Meaker, G., The Revolutionary Left in Spain, 1914-23, (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1974) 

Meaker, G., ‘Anarchists versus Syndicalists: Conflicts within the Confederación Nacional de Trabajo, 1917-23’, in Payne, S., (ed.), Politics and society in twentieth-century Spain, (New York: New View Points, 1976), pp. 29-72.

Meaker, G., The Revolutionary Left in Spain, 1914-23, (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1974)

Preston, P., ‘The Origins of the Socialist Schism in Spain, 1917-31’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 12, 2, (1977), pp. 101-132

Salvadó Romero, F., Spain, 1914-1918 : between war and revolution ISBN: 0415212936, (London: Routledge, 1999)

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Week Six The Dictatorship of Primo de Rivera, 1923-1930

VLE POST

What image does John Ryan in ‘New Era in Spain’ provide of the Primo de Rivera regime?

Core Reading

Ryan, John, ‘The New Era in Spain.’ Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review ISSN: 0039-3495 (1924), pp. 467-475 (also available as a scanned reading).

Seminar Questions

How can we explain the origins of the regime of General Primo de Rivera?

Was the regime of General Primo de Rivera a form of fascism?

Core Reading on the Origins of the Regime

Ben-Ami, S., Fascism from above : the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera in Spain, 1923-1930 ISBN: 0198225962, (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1983) opening chapter (available as a scanned reading).

Smith, Angel, ‘The Catalan Counter-Revolutionary Coalition and the Primo de Rivera Coup, 1917-1923’, European history quarterly. ISSN: 0265-6914, 37, 1, (2007). 

 Smith, Angel, ‘The Lliga Regionalista, the Catalan Right and the Making of the Primo de Rivera Dictatorship, 1918-20’, in Romero, F. and Smith, A., The agony of Spanish liberalism : from revolution to dictatorship 1913-23 ISBN: 9780230554245; 0230554245, (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010), pp. 145-174. [available online through the library catalogue] 

Core Reading on the Nature of the Regime

Brenan, Gerald, The Spanish labyrinth : an account of the social and political background of the Civil War

Ben-Ami, S., ‘The Dictatorship of Primo de Rivera: A Political Reassessment’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 12, (1977), pp. 65-84. 

Boyd, Carolyn P. ‘Reviews: Shlomo Ben-Ami, Fascism From Above: The Dictatorship of Primo de Rivera in Spain 1923-1930, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1983.’ European history quarterly. ISSN: 0265-6914 16, 4 (1986), pp. 522-524.

Carr, Raymond, Spain 1808-1975 ISBN: 0198221282 (pbk); 0198221274 (hbk), (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1982), chapter XIV Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  [[please scan]]  

Quiroga, Alejandro ‘Miguel Primo de Rivera: overture to Franco’, in Quiroga, Alejandro and del Arco Blanco, Miguel Ánglel, (ed.), Right-wing Spain in the Civil War Era: Soldiers of God and Apostles of the Fatherland, 1914-45, (London: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2012), chapter 2. .   

Important Reading on the Nature of the Regime

Rial, James, H., Revolution from above : the Primo de Rivera dictatorship in Spain, 1923-1930 ISBN: 091396901X, (London: George Mason University Press, 1986) .

Boyd, C. .P., Praetorian politics in liberal Spain ISBN: 0807813680, (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1979)

Quiroga, A., Making Spaniards : Primo de Rivera and the nationalization of the masses, 1923-30 ISBN: 9780230019683 (hbk.) : £45.00; 0230019684 (hbk.) : £45.00, (London: Palgrave MacMillan, 2007) – available electronically through the library catalogue [an excellent book well worth reading]

Further Reading on the Nature of the Regime

Heywood, Paul, Marxism and the failure of organised socialism in Spain, 1879-1936 ISBN: 0521374928, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990), chapter 4 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  [[please scan]]  

Martin, B., The agony of modernization : labor and industrialization in Spain ISBN: 0875461654 (alk. paper), (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1990), chapter 9. 

Moreno Luzón, Javier, Modernizing the nation : Spain during the reign of Alfonso XIII, 1902-1931 ISBN: 9781845195052 (h/b : alk. paper), (Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2012), chapter 4. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Shubert, Adrian, ‘Oil Companies and Governments: International Reaction to the Nationalization of the Petroleum Industry in Spain: 1927-1930’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 15, 4, (1980), pp. 701-720.

Preston, P., Franco. A Biography, (London: Fontana, 1995), chapter 2 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva    

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Week Seven No Seminar

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Week Eight Anarchists: Primitive Rebels?

VLE Post

Drawing on Jerome R. Mintz, The Anarchists of Casas Viejas, consider the extent to which anarchists in the Second Republic represented primitive rebels.

Mintz, Jerome, R., The Anarchists of Casas Viejas, (Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1982).

Seminar Question

To what extent were anarchists primitive rebels?

Core Reading

Duncan, M. G., ‘Spanish Anarchism Refracted: Theme and Image in the Millenarian and Revisionist Literature’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 23, (1988), pp. 323-346

 Hobsbawm, Eric, Primitive rebels : studies in archaic forms of social movement in the 19th and 20th centuries., (New York: Norton, 1965), Chapter 5 (available as a scanned reading).

Important Reading

Brenan, Gerald, The Spanish Labyrinth: An Account of the Social and Political Background of the Spanish Civil War, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014 [1943]). Chapters 7 and 8     

Kaplan, T., ‘The Social Base of Nineteenth-Century Andalusian Anarchism in Jerez de la Frontera’, The journal of interdisciplinary history. ISSN: 0022-1953, 6, 1, (1975), pp. 47-70.

Mintz, J., The Anarchists of Casas Viejas, (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982). Introduction OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (srj 02/01/2018)  [[Please scan the introduction]].  

On Anarchist Ideology 

Esenwein, George, Anarchist ideology and the working-class movement in Spain, 1868-1898 ISBN: 0520063988 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989)

Graham, Robert, We do not fear anarchy, we invoke it : the First International and the origins of the anarchist movement ISBN: 9781849352116; 1849352119, (Edinburgh: AK Press, 2015)

Joll, James, The anarchists (London: Methuen, 1979) [[please move one of the copies to short-term loan]] – a really good book.

Malatesta, Erico, Between peasants : a dialogue on anarchy, (Zabalaza Books, 2010),

Rocker, Rudolf, Anarcho-syndicalism : theory & practice : an introduction to a subject which the Spanish War has brought into prominence, (Indore: Modern Publishers, 1947).

 Anarchists and Community Politics

Kaplan, Temma, ‘Female Consciousness and Collective Action: The Case of Barcelona, 1910-1918’, Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740 7(3), 1982, pp. 545-566.

 Boyd, C. P., ‘The Anarchists and Education in Spain, 1868-1909’, The journal of modern history. ISSN: 0022-2801; 1537-5358, 48, 4, (1976), pp. 125-161.

 Ealham, C., ‘Anarchism and Illegality in Barcelona, 1931-1937’, Contemporary European history. ISSN: 0960-7773, 4, 2, (1995), pp. 133-151

 Rider, Nick, ‘The Practice of Direct Action: the Barcelona rent strike of 1931, in Goodway, D., (ed.), For Anarchism: History, Theory, Practice, (London, 1989) (available as a scanned reading).

 Vilanova, M., ‘Political Participation and Illiteracy in Barcelona between 1934 and 1936’, The American historical review. ISSN: 0002-8762, 97, 1, (1992).

Anarchists and Violence

 Casanova, J., ‘Terror and Violence: The Dark Face of Spanish Anarchism’, International labor and working class history ISSN: 0147-5479, 67, (2005), pp. 79-99

FURTHER READING

 Bookchin, Murray, The Spanish anarchists : the heroic years, 1868-1936 ISBN: 187317604X (New York: Harper, 1977) (chapter four available as a scanned reading).

 Ealham, C., Anarchism and the city : revolution and counter-revolution in Barcelona, 1898-1937 ISBN: 9781849350129 (pbk.); 1849350124 (pbk.), (Edinburgh: AK, 2010).

 Christie, S., We, the anarchists! : a study of the Iberian Anarchist Federation (FAI), 1927-1937 ISBN: 1901172066 (pbk), (Hastings: Meltzer, 2000).

 Kaplan, T., ‘The Social Base of Nineteenth-Century Andalusian Anarchism in Jerez de la Frontera’, The journal of interdisciplinary history. ISSN: 0022-1953, 6, 1, (1975), pp. 47-70

 Kelsey, G., Anarchosyndicalism, libertarian communism, and the state : the CNT in Zaragoza and Aragon, 1930-1937 ISBN: 0792302753, (Boston: Institute of Social History, 1991).

Kern, R., Red years/black years : a political history of Spanish anarchism, 1911-1937 ISBN: 0915980541; 0915980835 (pbk.).

Lidia, C., ‘Agrarian Anarchism in Andalusia. Documents on the Mano Negra’, International review of social history. ISSN: 0020-8590, (1969), pp. 315-352

Martin, B., The agony of modernization : labor and industrialization in Spain ISBN: 0875461654 (alk. paper), (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1990)

Purkiss, R., Democracy, trade unions and political violence in Spain : the Valencian anarchist movement, 1918-1936 ISBN: 9781845196486 (pbk.); 9781845194611 (hbk.); 1845194616 (hbk.), (Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2011).

Smith, Angel, ‘Anarchism, the general strike and the Barcelona labour movement, 1899-1914’, European history quarterly. ISSN: 0265-6914, 27, 1 (1997), 5-40.

More readings availble in the on-line course reading folder for this week.

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Week Nine The Second Republic’s Reforms 1931-1933

VLE POST

Drawing on Anonymous, The Spanish republic : a survey of two years of progress (London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1933), assess why British right-wingers took a dislike to the reforms of the Spanish Second Republic.

Core Reading

Drawing on Anonymous, The Spanish republic : a survey of two years of progress (London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1933), assess why British right-wingers took a dislike to the reforms of the Spanish Second Republic.

Seminar Question

To what extent did the reforms of the Second Republic create more problems than they solved?

Core Reading

Casanova, J., The Spanish Republic and Civil War ISBN: 9780521737807 (pbk.); 9780521493888, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010), Chapters 1 and 2 (one of the chapters available as a scanned reading).

Martin, B., The agony of modernization : labor and industrialization in Spain ISBN: 0875461654 (alk. paper), (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1990), chapter 10.

 Preston, P., ‘The Agrarian War in the South’, in Preston, P., (ed), Revolution and War in Spain, 1931-1939, (London: Routledge, 1984) (scanned reading available)

 GENERAL REFORMS

Jackson, G., The Azaña Regime in Perspective (Spain, 1931-1933), The American historical review. ISSN: 0002-8762, 64,2, (1959), pp. 282-300.

AGRARIAN REFORM

Malefakis, E., Agrarian Reform and Peasant Revolution in Spain. Origins of the Civil War, (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1970)

ARMY REFORMS

Payne, S., Politics and the military in modern Spain, (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1967)

REGIONAL NATIONALISM

Blinkhorn, M., 'The Basque Ulster': Navarre and the Basque Autonomy Question under the Spanish Second Republic’, The historical journal. ISSN: 0018-246x, 17, 3 (1974), pp. 595-613

Díez Medrano, Juan, ‘Patterns of Development and Nationalism: Basque and Catalan Nationalism before the Civil War’, Theory and society. ISSN: 0304-2421, vol.23, no.4 (1994), pp.541-69.

 Fusi, Juan Pablo, ‘The Basque question, 1931-37’, in Paul Preston (ed), Revolution and War in Spain, 1931-1939 (London, 1984).

Granja Sainz, José Luis de la, ‘The Basque National Community during the II Spanish Republic’, in Douglass, W.A. (ed), Basque politics : a case study in ethnic nationalism ISBN: 0804693986 (alk. paper) (Reno, 1985) OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (srj 02/01/2018)  [[please scan]]  

Jones, Norman, ‘Regionalism and revolution in Catalonia’, in Paul Preston (ed), Revolution and War in Spain, 1931-1939 (London, 1984).

Molina, Fernando, ‘The Reign of Christ over the Nation: the Basque question in the Spanish Republic, 1931-1936, National identities ISSN: 1460-8944, 13, 1, (2011), pp. 17-33 (scanned reading available).

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Week Ten No Seminar

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Week Eleven Republic and Reaction: 1933-1936

VLE POST

Either

Search The Times. ISSN: x000-0061 between 1 May 1931 and 31 July 1936 and using the term Largo Caballero and discover the view of the newspaper towards Francisco Largo Caballero

Or

Drawing on Frank Jellenik, The Civil War in Spain, explain the Communist Party explanation of the causes and significance of the Spanish Civil War.

Core Reading

The Times. ISSN: x000-0061

Jellenik, Frank, The Civil War in Spain, (London: Gollancz, 1938)

Seminar Questions

Was the right or the left more responsible for creating political instability?

What caused the Spanish Civil War?

Core Reading

Esenwein, George, ‘New Views on The Second Republic in Spain.’ International labor and working class history ISSN: 0147-5479 17 (1980), pp. 18-27.

Lynham, Stephan, ‘“Moderate” Conservatism and the Second Republic: The Case of Valencia’, in Blinkhorn, M., (ed.), Spain in conflict 1931-1939 : democracy and its enemies ISBN: 0803997450, (London: Sage, 1986) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Preston, P., ‘Spain’s October Revolution and the Rightist Grasp for Power’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 10, 4, (1975), pp. 555-578.

Preston, P., The Coming of the Spanish Civil War. Reform, Reaction and Revolution in the Second Republic, (London: Routledge, 1994), chapters 6, 7 and 8.

Robinson, R., The origins of Franco's Spain : the Right, the Republic and revolution, 1931-1936 ISBN: 0715349082, (Newton Abbot: David and Charles, 1970), chapter 6 (available as a scanned reading)

The View from the Right

Manuel Álvarez Tardio and Fernando del Rey Ruguillo, (eds), The Spanish second republic revisited : from democratic hopes to Civil War (1931-1936) ISBN: 9781845195922 (paperback) : £22.50; 1845195922 (paperback) : £22.50; 9781845194598 (hardback), (Sussex Academic Press: Brighton, 2011)

 Read a blistering critique of the Álvarez and Rey book here:

 Quiroga, Alejandro, ‘Manuel Álvarez Tardio and Fernando del Rey Ruguillo, (eds), ‘The Spanish Second Republic Revisited: From Democratic Hopes to Civil War (1931–1936)’, European history quarterly. ISSN: 0265-6914, 43, 3, (2013), pp. 519-520.

Payne, S. Spain's first democracy : the Second Republic, 1931-1936 ISBN: 0299136701; 0299136744 (pbk) : 19.95, (Madison: Wisconsin University Press, 1993)

Robinson, R., The origins of Franco's Spain : the Right, the Republic and revolution, 1931-1936 ISBN: 0715349082, (Newton Abbot: David and Charles, 1970), chapter 6 [scan].

 The View from the Centre Left

 Blinkhorn, M., Spain in conflict 1931-1939 : democracy and its enemies ISBN: 0803997450, (London: Sage, 1986)

 Blinkhorn, M., ‘Carlism and the Spanish Crisis of the 1930s’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 7, 3, (1972), pp. 65-88

 Blinkhorn, M., Fascists and Conservatives: the radical right and the establishment in Twentieth Century Europe, (London: Unwin Hyman, 1990)

 Blinkhorn, M., Carlism and crisis in Spain, 1931-1939 ISBN: 0521207290, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975).

 Lowe, Sid, Catholicism, war and the foundation of Francoism : the Juventud de Acción Popular in Spain, 1931-1939 ISBN: 9781845193737; 1845193733, (Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2010)

Preston, P., The Coming of the Spanish Civil War. Reform, Reaction and Revolution in the Second Republic, (London: Routledge, 1994)

 Political Violence: the View from the Right

 Álvarez Tardío, Manuel, The Impact of Political Violence During the Spanish General Election of 1936, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 48(3), 2013, pp. 463–485

 Álvarez Tardío, Manuel. "Politics, Violence and Electoral Democracy in Spain: the case of the CEDA, 1933-1934." Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies 35,1 (2011), pp. 7. - Available online: https://digitalcommons.asphs.net/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1018&context=bsphs

 Payne, S., ‘Political Violence during the Spanish Second Republic’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 25, 2/3 (1990), pp. 269-288.

 Roberto Villa García, ‘Political Violence in the Spanish Elections of November 1933’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 48, 3, (2013), pp. 446-462.

 Payne, S. Spain's first democracy : the Second Republic, 1931-1936 ISBN: 0299136701; 0299136744 (pbk) : 19.95, (Madison: Wisconsin University Press, 1993)

The Critique of the New Revisionism

Ealham, Chris, ‘The Emperor's New Clothes: 'Objectivity' and Revisionism in Spanish History’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 48, 1, (2013), pp. 191-202.

Political Violence: the View from the Centre Left

González Calleja, Eduardo, ‘The symbolism of Violence during the Second Republic in Spain, 1931-36’, in Chris Ealham and Michael Richards, (eds), The splintering of Spain : cultural history and the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939 ISBN: 0521821789, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005), pp.23-44. [available online through the library catalogue)].

 Preston, P., Franco. A Biography, (London: Fontana, 1995), chapter 5.

 Further Very Important Reading

Aviv, Aviva, and Isaac Aviv. "The Madrid Working Class, the Spanish Socialist Party and the Collapse of the Second Republic (1934-1936." Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094 16.2 (1981): 229-250.

Payne, S., ‘The Ominous Spring of 1936’, in Payne, S., (ed.), Politics and society in twentieth-century Spain, (New York: New View Points, 1976) OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (srj 02/01/2018) 

Preston, P., ‘The Creation of the Popular Front in Spain’, in Graham, H., and Preston, P., (eds.), The popular front in Europe ISBN: 0333484258; 9780333484258; 9781349106189 ebk, (London: Macmillan, 1987), pp. 84-105 .    

 Further Important Reading

 Heywood, Paul. Marxism and the failure of organised socialism in Spain, 1879-1936 ISBN: 0521374928. Cambridge University Press, 2003, chapter 6.

Jackson, Gabriel. ‘The Spanish Popular Front, 1934-7.’ Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 5, 3 (1970), pp. 21-35.

Rees, T., ‘Political Mobilization of Landowners in the Province of Badajoz 1931-1939’, in Lannon F. and Preston, P., Elites and Power in Twentieth Century Spain. Essays in Honour of Sir Raymond Carr, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990), pp. 91-106 (available as a scanned reading).

 KustrÌn, Sandra Souto. "Taking the Street: Workers’ Youth Organizations and Political Conflict in the Spanish Second Republic." European history quarterly. ISSN: 0265-6914 34.2 (2004): 131-156.

 ON THE SOCIALIST PARTY

 Helen Graham, The Spanish Republic at war, 1936-1939 ISBN: 052145932x(pbk); 0521453143, (Oxford: OUP, 2002), chapter one Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva  [[please scan]]

Preston, Paul, ‘The struggle against fascism in Spain: Leviatan and the contradictions of the Socialist left, 1934-6.’ European History Quarterly 9.1 (1979), pp. 81-103. - Available online: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/026569147900900105

THE MOVE OF THE RIGHT TOWARDS VIOLENCE

Vincent, M., ‘The Martyrs and the Saints: Masculinity and the Construction of the Francoist Crusade’, History workshop journal. ISSN: 1363-3554, 47, (1999)

This list was last updated on 18/12/2017