Leeds University Library

COMM3925
Module Reading List

War and Media, 2017/18, Semester 2
Dr Katy Parry
k.j.parry@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Susan L. Carruthers, The media at war (2011)

Philip M. Taylor, Munitions of the Mind: a history of propaganda from the ancient world to the present era (2003 edition)

Philip Knightley, The First Casualty (2003 edition)

Stuart Allan and Barbie Zelizer (eds) Reporting war : journalism in wartime (2004)

W. Lance Bennett and David L. Paletz, (eds) Taken by storm : the media, public opinion, and U.S. foreign policy in the Gulf War (University of Chicago, 1994)

Simon Cottle, Mediatized conflict : developments in media and conflict studies (Open University Press, 2006)

Chiara de Franco, Media power and the transformation of war (Palgrave Macmillan, 2012).

Philip Hammond, Media, war and postmodernity (2007)

Philip Hammond, Framing post-Cold War conflicts : the media and international intervention (2011)

Hoskins A., & O’Loughlin B. War and media : the emergence of diffused war

Greg McLaughlin The War Correspondent (2nd edition) (Polity 2015)

Sarah Maltby, Military media management : negotiating the 'front' line in mediatized war (Routledge, 2012)

Donald Matheson and Stuart Allan, Digital war reporting (Polity, 2009).

Mark Connelly & David Welch (eds.), War and the media : reportage and propaganda, 1900-2003

Piers Robinson, The CNN effect : the myth of news foreign policy and intervention (2002)

Piers Robinson, Peter Goddard, Katy Parry, Craig Murray with Philip M. Taylor, Pockets of resistance : British news media, war and theory in the 2003 invasion of Iraq (2010)

P. Seib, Headline diplomacy : how news coverage affects foreign policy (1997)

Philip Seib (editor) Media and conflict in the twenty-first century (2005)

Philip Seib, The Al Jazeera effect : how the new global media are reshaping world politics (2008)

M. Shaw, Civil society and media in global crises : representing distant violence (1996)

Philip M. Taylor, Global communications, international affairs and the media since 1945 (1997)

Philip M. Taylor, War and the Media: propaganda and persuasion in the Gulf War (1997)

Paul Moorcraft and Philip M Taylor, Shooting the messenger : the political impact of war reporting (2008)

A & H. Toffler, War and Anti-War (1992) 

T.H. Qualter, Propaganda and psychological warfare.

BACKROUND READING ON THE NATURE OF CONFLICT

S V Evera, Causes of war : power and the roots of conflict (1999)

J Keegan, A History of Warfare (1993)

M Waltzer, Just and Unjust Wars (2003)

R Clutterbuck, International crisis and conflict (1993)

J S Nye, Understanding International Conflicts (1997)

Sun Tzu, The Art of War

R R Leonhard, The principles of war for the information age (1998)

M Connelly & D Welch, War and the media : reportage and propaganda, 1900-2003 (2005)

Rupert Smith, The utility of force : the art of war in the modern world (2005)

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BACKROUND READING ON WAR IN THE INFORMATION AGE

M Castells, The Information age : economy, society, and culture (2000), Vols 1-3.

Christopher May, The information society : a sceptical view (2002)

Frank Webster, Theories of the Information Society (2002)

B. Bagdikian, The information machines : their impact on men and the media

Patrice Flichy, Dynamics of modern communication : the shaping and impact of new communication technologies

John Arquilla and David Ronfeldt (Eds), In Athena's camp : preparing for conflict in the information age

Roger C. Molander, Andrew S. Riddile, Peter A. Wilson, Strategic information warfare : a new face of war

David J. Lonsdale, The nature of war in the information age : Clausewitzian future

Leigh Armistead (ed.) Information operations : warfare and the hard reality of soft power

Nancy Snow, Information war : American propaganda, free speech and opinion control since 9/11

Bruce Berkowitz , The new face of war : how war will be fought in the 21st century

Alan D. Campen, Douglas H. Dearth (eds.), Cyberwar 3.0 : human factors in information operations and future conflict

Martin C. Libicki, Illuminating tomorrow's war

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BACKGROUND READING ON WAR AND THE MEDIA

Royce J. Ammon Global television and the shaping of world politics : CNN, telediplomacy, and foreign policy (McFarland, 2001)

Oliver Boyd-Barrett, Terri Rantanen, (eds.). The globalization of news (1998)

Simon Cottle, Global crisis reporting : journalism in a global age (Open University Press, 2009)

Denis McQuail, (2006) On the Mediatization of War: A Review Article, The international communication gazette. , 68(2); 107-118

P. Knightley, The first casualty : the war correspondent as hero, propagandist and myth-maker from the Crimea to Iraq

Johanna Neuman, Lights, camera, war : is media technology driving international politics? (St. Martin's Press, 1996)

Warren P. Strobel, Late-breaking foreign policy : the news media's influence on peace operations (1997)

Philip Seib, Headline diplomacy : how news coverage affects foreign policy (1997)

Miles Hudson and John Stainer, War and the media : a random searchlight (1997)

T.A. Thrall, War in the media age (2000)

Oliver Boyd-Barrett, Terri Rantanen, (eds.). The globalization of news

D K Thussu & D Freedman (eds.), War and the media : reporting conflict 24/7

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BACKGROUND READING ON WAR REPORTING

Andrew F. Smith, International conflict and the media

Alex Thompson, Smokescreen : the media, the censors, the Gulf

P. Smith, How CNN fought the war : a view from the inside

John R. MacArthur, Second front

Hedrick Smith, The media and the Gulf War

John Simpson, From the house of war : John Simpson in the Gulf.

Brown & D. Shukman, All necessary means

Mercer, G. Mungham & K. Williams, The fog of war : the media on the battlefield

B. Hanrahan & R. Fox, "I counted them all out and I counted them all back" : the battle for the Falklands

V. Adams, The media and the Falklands campaign

R. Harris, Gotcha! : the media, the government and the Falklands crisis

D.E. Morrison & H. Tumber, Journalists at war : the dynamics of news reporting during the Falklands conflict

P. Braestrup, Big story : how the American press and television reported and interpreted the crisis of Tet 1968 in Vietnam and Washington

D.C. Hallin, The 'Uncensored War' :the media and Vietnam

Peter Arnett, Live from the Battlefield

Kate Adie, The Kindness of Strangers

John Simpson, Strange places, questionable people

Herbert N. Foerstel, Killing the messenger : journalists at risk in modern warfare

John Jenks, British propaganda and news media in the Cold War

Colleen Murrell, Foreign correspondents and international newsgathering : the role of fixers . New York : Routledge, (2015)

Chris Paterson, War reporters under threat : the United States and media freedom (2014)

Maria Armoudian (2016) Reporting from the danger zone : frontline journalists, their jobs, and an increasingly perilous future. London: Routledge

Greg McLaughlin The War Correspondent (2nd edition) (Polity 2015)

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BACKGROUND READING ON PROPAGANDA

Aulich, J. (2007) War posters : weapons of mass communication . (London: Thames and Hudson) 

Nicholas J. Cull, David Culbert, David Welch (eds.), Propaganda and mass persuasion : a historical encyclopedia, 1500 to the present

Randal Marlin, Propaganda and the ethics of persuasion

P.M. Taylor, Munitions of the mind : war propaganda from the ancient world to the nuclear age

Anthony R. Pratkanis and Elliot Aronson, Age of propaganda: the everyday use and abuse of persuasion

Philip M. Taylor, British propaganda in the 20th century : selling democracy

Gareth S. Jowett, Victoria O'Donnell, Propaganda and persuasion

Robert Jackall (ed) Propaganda

J. Terraine, The Smoke and the Fire: myths and anti-myths of war

J. Ellul, Propaganda : the formation of men's attitudes

F.C. Bartlett, Political propaganda

J.A.C. Brown, Techniques of persuasion : from propaganda to brainwashing.

A.P. Foulkes, Literature and Propaganda

T.H. Qualter, Propaganda and psychological warfare.

P. Watson, War on the mind : the military uses and abuses of psychology

Alvin A. Snyder, Warriors of disinformation : American propaganda, Soviet lies, and the winning of the Cold War : an insider's account

Allan M. Winkler, The politics of propaganda : the Office of War Information, 1942-1945

Barak Kushner, The thought war : Japanese imperial propaganda

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BACKGROUND READING ON WAR AND IMAGES

Aulich, J. (2007) War posters : weapons of mass communication . (London: Thames and Hudson)

Geoffrey Batchen, Mick Gidley, Nancy K. Miller, Jay Prosser (eds) Picturing atrocity : photography in crisis (Reaktion Books, 2012).

Lilie Chouliaraki ‘ The humanity of war: iconic photojournalism of the battlefield, 1914-2012’, Visual communication.  12: 315-340. (2013)

Shahira Fahmy and Rico Neuman (2012) ‘Shooting war or peace photographs? An examination of newswires’ coverage of the conflict in Gaza’. Mass communication and society 15(2): 169–200.

Frances Guerin and Roger Hallas (eds) The Image and the witness : trauma, memory and visual culture (Wallflower Press, 2007)

Yuval Karniel, Amit Lavie-Dinur and Tal Azran (2014) ‘Broadcast coverage of Gaddafi's final hours in images and headlines: A brutal lynch or the desired death of a terrorist? ’ The international communication gazette. , 77: 171-188: doi:10.1177/1748048514562686

Liam Kennedy and Caitlin Patrick (eds) The violence of the image : photography and international conflict . London: I.B. Tauris. (2014)

Andrew Hoskins and Ben O’Loughlin, War and media : the emergence of diffused war (2010)

Susan D. Moeller, Compassion fatigue : how the media sell disease, famine, war and death (Routledge, 1999)

Katy Parry, ‘Images of Liberation? : Visual Framing, Humanitarianism and the 2003 Iraq Invasion’, Media, culture & society. , 33 (8), 1185-1201. (2011)

Katy Parry ‘Media visualisation of conflict: Studying news imagery in 21st century wars’, Sociology Compass , 4 (7), 417-429. (2010)

Katy Parry ‘A visual framing analysis of British press photography during the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict’, Media, war and conflict , 3 (1), 67-85. (2010)

Katy Parry, ‘The first 'Clean'war? Visually framing civilian casualties in the British Press during the 2003 Iraq invasion’ Journal of war and culture studies. , 5 (2), 173-188 (2012)

David D. Perlmutter, Photojournalism and foreign policy : icons of outrage in international crises (Praeger, 1998)

Nathan Roger, Image warfare in the War on Terror (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013).

Hyunjin Seo and Husain Ebrahim (2016) ‘Visual propaganda on Facebook: A comparative analysis of Syrian conflicts’, Media, war and conflict, first published on August 5, 2016 doi:10.1177/1750635216661648

Susan Sontag, Regarding the pain of others (Penguin, 2004)

John Taylor, Body horror : photojournalism, catastrophe and war (Manchester University Press, 1998)

Barbie Zelizer About to die : how news images move the public (Oxford University, 2010)

Paul Fox and Gil Pasternak (eds) Visual conflicts : on the formation of political memory in the history of art and visual cultures (Cambridge Scholars 2011)

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BACKGROUND READING BY TOPIC

The World Wars

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WW1

David Welch, Germany, propaganda & total war, 1914-1918 : the sins of omission

Andrew Kelly, Cinema and the Great War

M.L. Sanders & P.M. Taylor, British propaganda during the First World War, 1914-18

Special issue of Historical journal of film, radio and television. , 'Britain and the Cinema in the First World War', Vol. 13, No. 2, 1993.

R. Pound & G. Harmsworth, Northcliffe

N. Reeves, Official British film propaganda during the First World War

Sir Campbell Stuart, Secrets of Crewe House

Sir Douglass Brownrigg, Indiscretions of the naval censor, by Rear-Admiral Sir Douglas Brownrigg, bt.

Sir George Cockerill, What fools we were, by Brig.-Gen. Sir George Cockerill.

Sir Edward Cook, The press in war-time, with some account of the Official Press Bureau : an essay

Sir George Aston, Secret service

C. Andrew, Secret Service

G.C. Bruntz, Allied propaganda and the collapse of the German Empire in 1918

George Creel, How we advertised America.

Max Gallo, The poster in history

Cate Haste, Keep the home fires burning : propaganda in the First World War

J.D. Squires, British propaganda at home and in the United States from 1914 to 1917

B. Jones & B.H. Howell, Popular arts of the First World War Barbara Jones & Bill Howell.

H. Lasswell, Propaganda technique in World War I

J.R. Mock & C. Larson, Words that won the war : the story of the Committee on Public Information, 1917-1919

G. Orwell & R. Reynolds, British pamphleteers

I.M. Parson, Men who march away: poems of the First World War

H.C. Peterson, Propaganda for war : the campaign against American neutrality, 1914-1917

A. Ponsonby, Falsehood in War-time

J.M. Read, Atrocity propaganda, 1914-1919

M. Rikards, Posters of the First World War

P. Buitenhuis, The Great War of Words

B. Jones & B.H. Howell, Popular arts of the First World War Barbara Jones & Bill Howell.

P. Fussell, The Great War and Modern Memory

W. Johnston, Memo on the movies; war propaganda, 1914-1939, by Winifred Johnston.

K.R.M. Short, Feature films as history

M. Eksteins, Rites of Spring: the Great War and the Birth of the Modern Age

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WW2

Sian Nicholas, The echo of war : home front propaganda and the wartime BBC, 1939-45

Gerd Horten, Radio goes to war : the cultural politics of propaganda during World War II

A. Aldgate, Cinema and history : British newsreels and the Spanish Civil War

N. Pronay & D.W. Spring, Propaganda, politics and film, 1918-45

Short (Ed.), Film & radio propaganda in World War II

P. Rotha, Documentary Film

E. Barnouw, Documentary

R. Fielding, 'The March of Time', 1935-1951

R.W. Steele, Propaganda in an open society : the Roosevelt administration and the media, 1933-1941

M. Leigh, Mobilizing consent : public opinion and American foreign policy, 1937-1947

J.M. Mackenzie (Ed), Imperialism and popular culture

J.M. Mackenzie, Propaganda and Empire

R. Cockett, Twilight of truth : Chamberlain, appeasement, and the manipulation of the press

J. Curran, A. Smith & P. Wingate, Impacts and influences : essays on media power in the twentieth century

J. Richards, The age of the dream palace : cinema and society in Britain 1930-1939

G. Jowett, Film, the democratic art

D. Le Mahieu, A culture for democracy : mass communication and the cultivated mind in Britain between the wars

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NAZI GERMANY

David Welch,  The Third Reich : politics and propaganda

Aristotle A. Kallis, Nazi propaganda and the Second World War

Z.A.B. Zeman, Nazi propaganda

E.K. Bramstead, Goebbels and National Socialist propaganda, 1925-1945

D. Welch, Propaganda and the German Cinema, 1933-45

R.E. Herzstein, The War that Hitler Won

J.W. Baird, The mythical world of Nazi war propaganda, 1939-1945

D. Welch (Ed.), Nazi Propaganda

I. Kershaw, The 'Hitler myth' : image and reality in the Third Reich

R. Taylor, Film Propaganda

D.S. Hull, Film in the Third Reich : a study of the German cinema, 1933-1945

J.P. Stern, Hitler, the Fuhrer and the People

O.J. Hale, The captive press in the Third Reich

J.W. Baird, 'The Myth of Stalingrad', Journal of contemporary history. , IV, 3

D. Weinberg, 'Approaches to the study of film in the 3rd Reich: a critical appraisal', Journal of contemporary history. , XIX, 1

H. Herma, 'Goebbels' conception of propaganda', Social research. ,  10 (1943), 2, 200-18

G. Kirwin, 'Waiting for Retaliation: a study in Nazi propaganda behaviour and German civilian morale', Journal of contemporary history. , 16 (1981) 3, 565-83

D. Welch, 'Nazi wartime newsreel propaganda' in K.R.M. Short (Ed.), Film & radio propaganda in World War II Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

M.S. Phillips, 'The Nazi Control of the German Film Industry', Journal of European studies. , 1 (1971) 37-68

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SOVIET RUSSIA

J. Leyda, Kino

D.W. Spring, 'Soviet newsreel and the Great Patriotic War' in Pronay & Spring (Eds.), Propaganda, politics and film, 1918-45 . Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

A.L. Unger, The totalitarian party : party and people in Nazi Germany and Soviet Russia

David Brandenberger, National Bolshevism : Stalinist mass culture and the formation of modern Russian national identity, 1931-1956

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BRITAIN

James Chapman, The British at war : cinema, state, and propaganda, 1939-1945

Siân Nicholas, The echo of war : home front propaganda and the wartime BBC, 1939-45

M. Balfour, Propaganda in war, 1939-1945 : organisations, policies and publics in Britain and Germany

P.M. Taylor (Ed.), Britain and the Cinema in the Second World War

A. Briggs, The history of broadcasting in the United Kingdom. Vol.3, The war of words

C. Coultass, Images for battle : British film and the Second World War, 1939-1945

A. Aldgate & J. Richards, Britain can take it : British cinema in the Second World War

P.M. Taylor, 'Censorship in Britain in the Second World War' in A.C. Duke & C.A. Tamse, Too mighty to be free : censorship and the press in Britain and the Netherlands .

I. Maclaine, Ministry of morale : Home Front morale and the Ministry of Information in World War II

J. Richards & D. Sheridan, Mass-Observation at the movies

W.J. West, Truth betrayed

F. Thorpe & N. Pronay, British official films in the Second World War : an descriptive catalogue

E. Howe, The black game : British subversive operations against the Germans during the Second World War

C. Cruickshank, The fourth arm : psychological warfare, 1938-1945

C. Robert Cole, Britain and the war of words in neutral Europe, 1939-45 : the art of the possible

Lord Vansittart, Black record : Germans past and present

A. Goldman, 'Germans and Nazis: the controversy over Vansittartism in Britain during the Second World War', Journal of contemporary history. , 14 (1979)

J. Costello, Love, sex and war : changing values, 1939-45

A. Calder, The People's War

P. Virilio, War and cinema : the logistics of perception

P.M.H.Bell, John Bull and the Bear : British public opinion, foreign policy, and the Soviet Union, 1941-1945

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THE USA

Clayton D. Laurie, The propaganda warriors : America's crusade against Nazi Germany

George H. Roeder, Jr., The censored war : American visual experience during World War Two

Holly Cowan Shulman, The Voice of America : propaganda and democracy, 1941-1945

G.R. Koppes & C.D. Black, Hollywood Goes to War

C. Shindler, Hollywood goes to war : films and American society, 1939-1952

A. Winkler, The politics of propaganda : the Office of War Information, 1942-1945

D. Lerner, Psychological warfare against Nazi Germany : the Sykewar campaign, D-Day to VE-Day.

R. Sklar, Movie Made America

R.D. MacCann, The people's films : a political history of U.S. Government motion pictures.

Bernard F. Dick, The Star Spangled Screen: the American World War Two films

E. Barnouw, The Golden Webb: a history of broadcasting in the United States

R. Shale, Donald Duck Joins Up: the Walt Disney Studio during World War II

R. B. Levering, American opinion and the Russian alliance, 1939-1945

J. Barnes, 'Fighting with Information: the Office of War Information Overseas', Public Opinion Quarterly. , 7 (1943)

R. W. Steele, 'The pulse of the people: Roosevelt and guaging of American public opinion', Journal of contemporary history. , 9 (1974)

R.W. Steele, 'American popular opinion and the war against Germany: the issue of negotiated peace, 1942', The Journal of American history. , 65 (1978-9)

R. Willett, 'The nation in crisis: Hollywood's response to the 1940s' in P. Davies and B. Neve, Cinema, politics and society in America .

Nancy Snow, Propaganda, Inc

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THE COLD WAR:

David F. Krugler, The Voice of America and the domestic propaganda battles, 1945-1953

Tony Howard, John Stokes eds.). Acts of war : the representation of military conflict on the British stage and television since 1945

John Jenks, British propaganda and news media in the Cold War

Andrew Defty, Britain, America, and anti-communist propaganda, 1945-53 : the Information Research Department

Shawn J. Parry-Giles, The rhetorical presidency, propaganda, and the Cold War, 1945-1955

Tony Shaw, British cinema and the Cold War: the state, propaganda and consensus

Michael Barson and Steven Heller, Red scared! : the commie menace in propaganda and popular culture

Arch Puddington, Broadcasting freedom : the Cold War triumph of Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty

Gary D. Rawnsley (ed), Cold-War propaganda in the 1950s

Nancy E. Bernhard , U.S. television news and Cold War propaganda, 1947-1960

Walter L. Hixson, Parting the curtain : propaganda, culture and the Cold War, 1945-1961

Michael Nelson, War of the black heavens : the battles of Western broadcasting in the Cold War

Alvin A. Snyder, Warriors of disinformation : American propaganda, Soviet lies, and the winning of the Cold War : an insider's account

J.B. Whitton, Propaganda and the Cold War : a Princeton University symposium

T.C. Sorenson, The word war : the story of American propaganda

J. Fulbright, The Pentagon propaganda machine [by] J. W. Fulbright.

R.E. Elder, The information machine : the United States Information Agency and American foreign policy

Leo Bogart, Premises for propaganda : the United States Information Agency's operating assumptions in the cold war

W. Crofts, Coercion or persuasion? : propaganda in Britain after 1945

N. Pronay & K. Wilson, The Political Re-education of Germany and her allies after World War Two

V. Rothwell, Britain and the Cold War, 1941-1947

R. Willett, The Americanization of Germany, 1945-1949

G. Jowett, Film, the democratic art

B. McNair, Images of the enemy : reporting the new Cold War

D. Wedgewood Benn, Persuasion and Soviet politics

G. Wyndham Goldie, Facing the nation : television and politics, 1936-1976

C. Aubrey (Ed.), Nukespeak : the media and the bomb

T. Varis, 'Media coverage of disarmament related issues', Current Research on Peace and Violence , No 1 (1983) Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

G. Wills, Reagan's America

E.W. Barrett, Truth is our weapon

W.P. Dizard, The strategy of truth : the story of the U.S. Information Service.

A.E. Meyerhoff, The strategy of persuasion : the use of advertising skills in fighting the Cold War

J.C. Clews, Communist propaganda techniques

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VIETNAM

Graham Spencer, The media and peace : from Vietnam to the 'War on terror'

Caroline Page, U.S. official propaganda during the Vietnam War, 1965-1973 : the limits of persuasion

D.C. Hallin, The 'Uncensored War': the media and Vietnam

P. Braestrup, Big story : how the American press and television reported and interpreted the crisis of Tet 1968 in Vietnam and Washington

R.O. Blanchard, Congress and the news media, edited, with commentaries and contributions by Robert O. Blanchard.

N. Chomsky, J. Gittings and J. Steel, Superpowers in collisio

J. Mueller, War, presidents, and public opinion

M. Browne, 'Vietnam reporting: three years of crisis', Columbia journalism review , Fall 1964

M. Mandelbaum, 'Vietnam: the television war', Daedalus. , Fall, 1982

J. Clotfeter, The military in American politics.

M. Arlen, Living-room war

 A. Hooper, The military and the media

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THE FALKLANDS CONFLICT

Sarah Maltby, (2016) Remembering the Falklands War : media, memory and identity. Basingstoke: Palgrave.

D. George Boyce, The Falklands War

Lawrence Freedman, The official history of the Falklands Campaign

D.E. Morrison & H. Tumber, Journalists at war : the dynamics of news reporting during the Falklands conflict

R. Harris, Gotcha! : the media, the government and the Falklands crisis

V. Adams, The media and the Falklands campaign

Glasgow University Media Group, War and peace news

M. Cockerill, Television and No. 10

B. Hanrahan & R. Fox, "I counted them all out and I counted them all back" : the battle for the Falklands

D. Mercer, G. Mungham & K. Williams, The fog of war : the media on the battlefield

Susan Greenberg, Rejoice! : media freedom and the Falklands (London, Campaign for Press & Broadcasting Freedom, 1983)

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THE GULF WAR OF 1991

David R. Willcox, Propaganda, the press and conflict : the Gulf War and Kosovo

Philip M. Taylor, War and the Media: Propaganda and Persuasion in the Gulf War

 Rick Atkinson, Crusade

US News & World Report, Triumph without victory : the unreported history of the Persian Gulf War

John R. MacArthur, Second front : censorship and propaganda in the Gulf War

Hedrick Smith, The media and the Gulf War

John Simpson, From the house of war : John Simpson in the Gulf.

B. Brown & D. Shukman, All necessary means

D. Hiro, Desert Shield to Desert Storm

R. Weiner, Live from Baghdad : gathering news at ground zero

J. Sharkey, Under fire : U.S. military restrictions on the media from Grenada to the Persian Gulf

P. Smith, How CNN fought the war : a view from the inside

D. Morrison, Television and the Gulf war

Al-Khalil, Samir, Republic of fear : Saddam's Iraq

Alex Thompson, Smokescreen : the media, the censors, the Gulf

Allen, T.B., Berry, F. Clifton & Polmar, N., War in the Gulf

Arkin, W. A., Durrant, D., and Cherni, M., On Impact: Modern Warfare and the Environment. A Case Study of the Gulf War
http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/publications/reports/on-impact-modern-warfare-and/

Article IX, Stop Press: The Gulf War and Censorship , Issue 1, February 1991; Issue 2, May 1991 (London, International Centre on Censorship, 1991)

Pyle, Richard, Schwarzkopf : the man, the mission, the triumph

Towle, Philip, Pundits and patriots : lessons from the Gulf War (London, Institute for European Defence and Strategic Studies, Occasional Paper No. 50, 1991).

Woodward, Bob, The Commanders

Peter Goff, The Kosovo news and propaganda war

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THE BALKANS

David Patrick, (2016) ‘A concern for humanity? Anglo-American press coverage of Bosnia and Rwanda, 1992–1995’, International politics., 53 (1), 138–153.

Articles 19, Forging war : the media in Serbia, Croatia and Bosnia-Hercegovina. (1994)

Peter Goff, The Kosovo news and propaganda war (1999)

David R. Willcox, Propaganda, the press and conflict : the Gulf War and Kosovo (2005)

Ekaterina Balabanova, Media, war, and politics : comparing the incomparable in Western and Eastern Europe (Ashgate, 2007)

Piers Robinson, The CNN effect : the myth of news foreign policy and intervention (Routledge 2002)

Philip Hammond & Edward S. Herman (eds.), Degraded capability : the media and the Kosovo crisis

Marina Vujnovic, ‘The Blame Game: News Framing of the Srebrenica Massacre, 1993-2005,’ The Journal of international communication. , 15:2 (2009), pp.28-44.

Florian Bieber & Zhidas Daskalovski (eds.), Understanding the war in Kosovo

D.H. Allin, NATO's Balkan interventions

G. Kent, Framing war and genocide : British policy and news media reaction to the war in Bosnia

R. Vickers, ‘Blair’s Kosovo Campaign: Political Communications, the Battle for Public Opinion and Foreign Policy,’ Civil wars. , Vol.3 (No.1), Spring 2000, pp.55-70. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Martin Bell, In Harms Way

S. Hoffman, The ethics and politics of humanitarian intervention

R. Kuusisto, Western definitions of war in the Gulf and in Bosnia : the rhetorical frameworks of the United States, British and French leaders in action

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AFRICA AND RWANDA

T.Chari (2010)“Representation or misrepresentation? The  New York Times 's framing of the 1994 Rwanda genocide”, African identities , Vol 8: 4, 333-349.

Y. Kalyango (2011) “Critical Discourse Analysis of CNN International's Coverage of Africa”, Journal of broadcasting and electronic media. , Vol.55: 2, 160-179.

Greg Philo, David Miller, Emma Miller and Liza Beattie, (1999) ‘The media and Africa: images of disaster and rebellion, Chapter 14, in Message Received (GUMG ed. Greg Philo, Longman). Available online: http://www.glasgowmediagroup.org/images/stories/BookChapters/MsgReceived/medafrica.pdf

Allan Thompson, The media and the Rwanda genocide

Lauren Kogen, ‘Why the Message Should Matter: Genocide and the Ethics of Global Journalism in the Mediapolis ,’ The Journal of international communication. , 15:2 (2009), pp.79-96.

J. Whitman & D. Pocock, After Rwanda : the coordination of United Nations humanitarian assistance

A.J. Klinghoffer, The International Dimension of Genocide in Rwanda

Joint Evaluation of Emergency Assistance to Rwanda, The International Response to Conflict and Genocide: Lessons from the Rwanda Experience

Alain Destexhe, Rwanda and genocide in the twentieth century

G. Prunier , The Rwanda crisis, 1959-1994 : history of a genocide

African Rights, Rwanda : death, despair, and defiance

P. Gourevitch, We wish to inform you that tomorrow we will be killed with our families : stories from Rwanda

UN, The United Nations and Rwanda, 1993-1996

Toussaint Nothias (2013) It's struck a chord we have never managed to strike’: Frames, perspectives and remediation strategies in the international news coverage of Kony2012, Ecquid novi : African journalism studies. Vol. 34, Iss. 1.

David Patrick, (2016) ‘A concern for humanity? Anglo-American press coverage of Bosnia and Rwanda, 1992–1995’, International politics., 53 (1), 138–153.

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PEACE PROPAGANDA, TERRORISM

Monroe E. Price and Mark Thompson (eds. ), Forging peace : intervention, human rights and the management of media space

Robert L. Ivie, Democracy and America's war on terror

James F. Hoge and Gideon Rose, Understanding the war on terror

Jeff Lewis, Language wars : the role of media and culture in global terror and political violence

Second report from the Foreign Affairs Committee: foreign policy aspects of the war against terrorism: session 2003-2004: response of the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs / Foreign Commonwealth Office.
http://www.fco.gov.uk/resources/en/pdf/7179755/2004_mar_terrorism

Robert Satloff, The battle of ideas in the war on terror : essays on U.S. public diplomacy in the Middle East

Danny Schechter, Media wars : news at a time of terror

J. Corner, K. Richardson & N. Fenton, Nuclear reactions : form and response in 'public issue' television

P. Schlesinger, G. Murdock & P. Elliott, Televising "terrorism" : political violence in popular culture

D. Caute, Sixty-eight : the year of the barricades

N. Chomsky, The Culture of Terrorism

G. Chaliland, Terrorism : from popular struggle to media spectacle

R. Clutterbuck, The media and political violence

L. Curtis, Ireland: the propaganda war

A. Miller, Terrorism, the media, and the law

A. Schmid & J. de Graaf, Violence as communication : insurgent terrorism and the Western news media

Alexa Robertson, National prisms and perceptions of dissent : the Euromissile controversy reflected in opinion and the news in the UK and FRG, 1980-83

D. Paletz and A Schmid, Terrorism and the media
http://ics.leeds.ac.uk/papers/index.cfm? outfit=pmt

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WAR ON TERROR, AFRGHANISTAN AND IRAQ

Emma Briant (2015) Propaganda and counter-terrorism : strategies for global change . Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Jason Burke, (2011)  The 9/11 wars 

Christian Christensen, ‘Uploading dissonance: YouTube and the US occupation of Iraq’ Media, war and conflict , 1(2): 155-175, (2008)

Friis, Simone Molin (2015) ‘‘Beyond anything we have ever seen’: beheading videos and the visibility of violence in the war against ISIS’, International affairs. , 91(4) pp.725–746.

Philip Hammond, Framing post-Cold War conflicts : the media and international intervention (2011)

Andrew Hoskins and Ben O’Loughlin, War and media : the emergence of diffused war (2010)

Nicholas Jackson O’Shaughnessy Politics and propaganda : weapons of mass seduction (2004)

Sheldon Rampton, John Stauber, Weapons of mass deception : the uses of propaganda in Bush's war on Iraq

Piers Robinson, Peter Goddard, Katy Parry, Craig Murray with Philip M. Taylor, Pockets of resistance : British news media, war and theory in the 2003 invasion of Iraq (2010)

Michael Scheuer "Anonymous", Imperial hubris: why the West is losing the war on terror

Christina M. Smith (2012) Freedom of Speech in the Global War on Terror: The Case of “Hadji Girl”, Free Speech Yearbook, 46:1, 39-53. (2012). Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Nancy Snow, Information war : American propaganda, free speech and opinion control since 9/11

Jessica Stern and J.M. Berger (2015) ISIS : the State of terror . London : William Collins.

Steve Tatham (2006), Losing Arab hearts and minds : the coalition, Al-Jazeera and Muslim public opinion . London. Hurst & Co..

Michael Weiss and Hassan Hassan (2015) ISIS : inside the army of terror . New York: Regan Arts.

Barbie Zelizer and Stuart Allan (eds) Journalism after September 11 (2002).

PERSONALISED WARFARE

Stuart Allan (2011) ‘Amateur Photography in Wartime: Early histories’. In: Kari Andén-Papadopoulos and Mervi Pantti (eds.) Amateur images and global news . Bristol: Intellect, pp.41-60.

Kari Andén-Papadopoulos (2008) ‘The Abu Ghraib torture photographs: News frames, visual culture, and the power of images’, Journalism. . 9(1), pp.5-30.

Kari Andén-Papadopoulos (2009) ‘US Soldiers Imaging the Iraq War on YouTube’, Popular communication. . 7(1), pp.17-27.

Matthew Green (2015) Aftershock : the untold story of surviving peace . London : Portobello Books.

Andrew Hoskins and Ben O'Loughlin (2015) ‘Arrested war: the third phase of mediatization’, Information, communication and society. . pp.1-19. (online first: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1369118X.2015.1068350 ).

Liam Kennedy (2009) ‘Soldier photography: visualising the war in Iraq’, Review of international studies. . 35 (4), pp.817-833.

Yuval Karniel, Amit Lavie-Dinur and Tal Azran (2014) ‘Broadcast coverage of Gaddafi's final hours in images and headlines: A brutal lynch or the desired death of a terrorist? ’ The international communication gazette. , 77: 171-188: doi:10.1177/1748048514562686

Anthony King, (2010) ‘The Afghan War and ‘postmodern’ memory: commemoration and the dead of Helmand’, The British journal of sociology. . 61 (1), pp.1-25.

Britte Knudsen and Carston Stage, (2013) ‘Online war memorials: YouTube as a democratic space of commemoration exemplified through video tributes to fallen Danish soldiers’, Memory studies . 6 (4), pp.418-436.

Katy Parry and Nancy Thumim (2015) ‘(Extra)ordinary Portraits: Self-representation, public culture and the contemporary British soldier’, Media, war and conflict . (online first), pp.1-17.

Holger Pötzsch, ‘The emergence of iWar: Changing practices and perceptions of military engagement in a digital era’, New media and society. doi: 10.1177/1461444813516834 (17:1), 78-95. (2015).

Rik Smit, Ansgard Heinrich, and Marcel Broersma (2015) ‘Witnessing in the new memory ecology: Memory construction of the Syrian conflict on YouTube’, New media and society. : doi:10.1177/1461444815604618

CYBER WARFARE AND FUTURE WARS

Sean Aday, Henry Farrell, Marc Lynch, John Sides, and Deen Freelon,. ’Blogs and Bullets II: New Media and Conflict after the Arab Spring ’, United States Institute of Peace, http://www.usip.org/publications/blogs-and-bullets-ii-new-media-and-conflict-after-the-arab-spring

Benedetta Brevini,  Arne Hintz and Patrick McCurdy (eds), Beyond WikiLeaks : implications for the future of communications, journalism and society (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013).

Noam Chomsky and Andre Vltchek, On western terrorism : from Hiroshima to drone warfare (Pluto Press, 2013).

Derek Gregory (2011) ‘From a View to a Kill: Drones and Late Modern War’, Theory, culture & society. 28: 188-215.

Holger Pötzsch ‘The emergence of iWar: Changing practices and perceptions of military engagement in a digital era’ New media and society. December 2013 (early view: doi: 10.1177/1461444813516834)

Cameron Riopelle and Parthiban Muniandy, ‘Drones, maps and crescents: CBS News’ visual construction of the Middle East’, Media, war and conflict 6: 153-172 (2013).

David E. Sanger, Confront and conceal : Obama's secret wars and surprising use of American power , (Crown Publishers, 2012).

Jeremy Scahill, Dirty Wars : the world is a battlefield (Serpent's Tail, 2013).

Steve Winterfield and Jason Andress, The basics of cyber warfare [electronic resource] : understanding the fundamentals of cyber warfare in theory and practice (Syngress, 2012).

Woods, Chris (2015) Sudden justice : the true cost of America's secret drone war . London: Hurst and Co.

This list was last updated on 08/01/2017