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Module Reading List

Politics, Culture and Society, 2017/18, Semester 1, 2
Dr Gregorio Alonso
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Introduction: What is political theory?

Core text

Barbara Goodwin, Using Political Ideas, 5 th edition (John Wiley, 2007), chapter 1 ‘What is Political Theory? ’ Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva   

Further reading

Gary K. Browning, Richard Huggins, Ben Rosamund & John Turner eds. Politics. An Introduction (Routledge, 1997), chapter 7 ‘Political Thought’

John S. Dryzek, Bonnie Honig & Anne Phillips eds. The Oxford handbook of political theory (Oxford University Press, 2006)

David Held Political Theory Today (Polity Press, 1991)

David Leopold & Marc Steers eds. Political theory : methods and approaches (Oxford University Press, 2008)

Noel O’Sullivan Political theory in transition (Routledge, 2000)

John Schwarzmantel Ideology and politics (Sage, 2008)

Stephen K. White & J. Donald Moon eds. What is Political Theory? (Sage, 2004), chapter 3 by Adriana Cavarero ‘Politicizing Theory’

Unit 1: Capitalism and Crisis (weeks 2-4)

Week 2: Lecture: Marxism

Marx, Karl and Engels, Friedrich. The Communist Manifesto: A Modern Edition with an introduction by Eric Hobsbawn (Verso, 1998), The Communist Manifesto is also available in a free online version at

Week 3: Lecture: The 2008 economic crisis

Chris Harman (2009), Zombie Capitalism. Global Crisis and the Relevance of Marx, Bookmarks, 21-40.

Week 4: Seminar: Capitalism and Crisis

Readings from weeks 5 and 6

Seminar questions

How do Marx and Engels see change in history happening in the Communist Manifesto?

Why does the Communist Manifesto, at one key point, praise the achievements of Capitalism?

Consider the use of the following three metaphors in the Communist Manifesto: vampire; sorcerer, gravedigger.

Further reading

Jason Barker (2012), Marx reloaded [videorecording], DVD, Films noirs.

Alex Callinicos (2010), Bonfire of illusions : the twin crises of the liberal world, Cambridge: Polity.

Chris Harman (2008), ‘Capitalism Exposed’, The socialist review., February 2008.

Eric Hobsbawm (2011), How to change the world : Marx and Marxism, 1840-2011, Little & Brown.

Peter Lamb (2015), Marx and Engels' 'Communist manifesto' : a reader's guide, London: Bloomsbury.

Ronaldo Munck (2000), Marx @ 2000 : late Marxist perspectives, London: Macmillan.

Jonathan Wolff (2002), Why Read Marx Today?, Oxford University Press.

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Unit 2: Far Right Populism in Eastern Europe

Week 5 Lecture: Populism in Eastern Europe

Week 6 Lecture: Populism in Putin’s Russia

Week 7 Reading Week

Week 8 Seminar: Far Right Populism

Primary sources:

  • - Secondary sources
  • Ernesto Laclau (2005), On populist reason ISBN: 9781844671861; 1859846513. London: Verso, pp. 67-124.
  • - Francisco Panizza, ed. (2004), Populism and the mirror of democracy ISBN: 1859844898 (pbk); 9781859844892; 1859845231 (hbk). London: Verso. (You have to read Introduction: Populism and the Mirror of Democracy and Chapter 2, Chantal Mouffe, ‘The “End of Politics” and the Challenge of Right-Wing Populism’)
  • - Joanna Fomina, Jacek Kucharczyk (2016) ‘Populism and Protest in Poland’, Journal of democracy. ISSN: 1045-5736 27 (4), pp. 58-68.
  • - Ilya Yablokov (2015) ‘Pussy Riot as Agent Provocateur: conspiracy theories and the media construction of nation in Putin’s Russia’, Nationalities Papers ISSN: 0090-5992 42 (4), pp. 622-636.
  • - Cas Mudde (2000) ‘In the Name of the Peasantry, the Proletariat and the People: Populisms in Eastern Europe’, East European politics and societies. ISSN: 0888-3254 14 (2), pp. 33-53.
  • - Peter Csigo and Norbert Merkovity, ‘Hungary: Home of Empty Populism’ in Toril Aalberg et al. (2017) Populist political communication in Europe ISBN: 9781138654792; 1138654795. New York: Routledge.
  • - Yves Meny and Yves Surel, eds. (2002) Democracies and the populist challenge ISBN: 0333970047. London: Palgrave Macmillan. (Part 1: Making Sense of Populism)

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Unit 3: Authoritarianism, Democracy and Culture (weeks 9-11)

Week 9 Lecture: Authoritarianism, Democracy and Culture I

Saad Eddin Ibrahim (1995), ‘Liberalization and Democratization in the Arab World: An Overview’, in: R. Brynen, B. Korany and P. Noble, eds, Political liberalization and democratization in the Arab world. Lynne Rienner, 29-57.

N. Pratt (2007) Democracy and authoritarianism in the Arab world, Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1-37.

Week 10 Lecture: Authoritarianism, Democracy and Culture II

Abdou Filali-Ansary (2003), ‘Muslims and Democracy’, in: L. Diamond, M.F. Plattner and D. Brumberg, eds., Islam and democracy in the Middle East, John Hopkins University Press, 193-207.

Week 11 Seminar: Authoritarianism, Democracy and Culture

Readings from weeks 18 and 19

Further reading

Albrecht, H. and O. Schlumberger (2004) ‚Waiting for Godot: Regime Change without Democratization in the Middle East,’ International Political Science Review 25/4, pp. 371–392.

Bellin, E. (2004) ‘ The Robustness of Authoritarianism in the Middle East: Exceptionalism in Comparative Perspective,’ Comparative politics. 36/2, pp. 139-157.

Brynen, R. B. Korany and P. Noble (eds.) (1995) Political liberalization and democratization in the Arab world (Vol. 1) (Lynne Rienner).

Diamond, Larry; Marc F. Plattner and Daniel Brumberg (eds.) Islam and democracy in the Middle East . The John Hopkins University Press, Chapters 20-22.

Esposito, J.L. and J.P. Piscatori (1991) ‘Democratization and Islam,’ The Middle East journal. 45/3, pp. 427-440.

Hinnebush, R. (2006) ‘ Authoritarian Persistence, Democratization Theory and the Middle East: An Overview and Critique,’ Democratization. 13/3, pp. 373-395

Lust-Okar. E. ‘ Why the failure of Democratization? Explaining 'Middle East Exceptionalism,' Unpublished Paper, available at: (last access 09.09.2011).

MacQueen, B. (2013) An introduction to Middle East politics. Sage, Chapter 10. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Norton, A.R. (1993) ‘Special issue: Civil Society in the Middle East,’ The Middle East journal. 47/2.

Sadowski, Y. (1993) ‘The New Orientalism and the Democracy Debate,’ Middle East report. 183, pp. 14-21.

Volpi, F. (2011) Political Islam : a critical reader. Routledge, Sections 2 & 4.

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Unit 4: Discourse and European integration (weeks 15-17)

Week 15: Lecture: What is discourse?

Sara Mills (2003), Michel Foucault, London: Routledge, chs. 3-4, pp. 53-79.

Week 16: Lecture: Discourses of European integration

Hans Bickes, Tina Otten, Laura Chelsea Weymann (2014), ‘The financial crisis in the German and English press: Metaphorical structures in the media coverage on Greece, Spain and Italy’, Discourse & society., 25:4, 424-445.

Week 17: Seminar: Case study – British discourses on Europe

Seminar readings

Readings from weeks 15 and 16

Oliver Daddow (2015), ‘Performing Euroscepticism: The UK Press and Cameron's Bloomberg Speech’, in: Karine Tournier-Sol and Chris Gifford, eds (2015), The UK challenge to Europeanization : the persistence of British Euroscepticism, Basingstoke: Palgrave, 151-171.

Ruth Wodak (2016), ‘“We have the character of an island nation”. A discourse-historical analysis of David Cameron’s “Bloomberg Speech” on the European Union’, EUI Working Paper RSCAS 2016/36,, 10-18.

Seminar questions

How does discourse shape what can and what cannot be said?

What ‘realities’ of Britain and the EU/Europe are constructed and performed in British Eurosceptic discourse?

Why have these understandings of the EU/Europe become so persistent?

Further reading

Foucault, Michel (1991), ‘Politics and the Study of Discourse’, in: Graham Burchell, ed, The Foucault Effect., Harvester, 53-72. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Kendell, Gavin and Gary Wickham (1999), Using Foucault's methods, London: SAGE.

Mills, Sara (2004), Discourse, London: Routledge.

Waever, Ole (2009), ‘Discursive approaches’, in: Antje Wiener and Thomas Diez, eds (2009), European Integration Theory, Oxford University Press. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Anderson, P.J., T. Weymouth (2014), Insulting the public? : the British press and the European Union, London: Routledge.

Arrese, A. and Alfonso Vara-Miguel (2016), ‘A comparative study of metaphors in press reporting of the Euro crisis’. Discourse & society. 27:2, 133–155.

Baranowska, Paula (2014), ‘The Coverage of the Eurozone Economic Crisis in the British Press’, Perspectives on European politics and society 15.4, 1-18.

Bevir, Mark, Oliver Daddow and Pauline Schnapper, eds (2015), ‘Interpreting British European Policy’, special issue Journal of Common Market Studies. 53:1.

Bogain, Ariane (2014), ‘Demons, Ants, Giants and Dwarves: The Construction of Germany’s Handling of the Euro Crisis in French Political Discourse’, Journal of contemporary European studies. 22:1, 7–23.

Daddow, Oliver (2012), ‘The UK Media and “Europe”: From Permissive Consensus to Destructive Dissent’, International affairs. 88:6, 1219-1236.

Daddow, Oliver (2015), ‘Interpreting the Outsider Tradition in British European Policy Speeches from Thatcher to Cameron’, JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies., 53:1, 71-88.

Diez, Thomas (2001) ‘Europe as a discursive battleground discourse analysis and European integration studies’, Cooperation and conflict, 36:1, 5-38.

Hawkins, Benjamin (2012), ‘Nation, Separation and Threat: An Analysis of British Media Discourses on the European Union Treaty Reform Process’. JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies., 50:4, 561-577. 

Jackson, Daniel, Einar Thorsen and Dominic Wring, eds (2016), EU Referendum Analysis 2016:Media, Voters and the Campaign. Early reflections from leading UK academics, Bournemouth: Centre for the Study of Journalism, Culture and Community at Bournemouth University,

Macmillan, Catherine (2014), ‘The Return of the Reich? A Gothic Tale of Germany and the Eurozone Crisis’, Journal of contemporary European studies. 22:1, 24-38.

Marcussen, M., Thomas Risse, Daniela Engelmann-Martin, H.J. Knopf and K. Roscher (1999), ‘Constructing Europe? The Evolution of French, British and German Nation State Identities’. Journal of European public policy. 6: 4, 614–633.

Mascha, Maria Kontochristou Evi (2014), ‘The Euro Crisis and the Question of Solidarity in the European Union: Disclosures and Manifestations in the European Press’, Review of European Studies 6:2, 50. Available online

Todd, John (2016), ‘Safe to Stand Alone Once More? The Securitization of Europe in British Eurosceptic Discourse’, in: Guri Ellen Barstad, Arnstein Hjelde, Sigmund Kvam, Anastasia Parianou, John Todd, eds, Language and Nation : Crossroads and Connections, Munster: Waxmann, 83-104.

Tournier-Sol, Karine and Chris Gifford, eds. (2015), The UK challenge to Europeanization : the persistence of British Euroscepticism, Basingstoke: Palgrave.

Wodak, Ruth and Jo Angouri, eds (2014), ‘From Grexit to Grecovery: Euro/crisis discourses’, special issue Discourse & society. 25:4, 417–425.

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Unit 5: Nationalism (weeks 18-20)

Week 18: Lecture: Theorizing nationalism

Ernest Gellner (1981), ‘Nationalism’, Theory and society., 10:6, 753-776, available on campus at

Week 19: Lecture: Nationalist challenges in Western Europe today

Anthony Smith (2009), Ethno-symbolism and nationalism: a cultural approach. London: Routledge, 1-41, available as an ebook through library catalogue

Week 20: Seminar: Nationalism, Capitalism and Exclusion

Readings from weeks 2 and 3 (Ernest Gellner and Anthony Smith)

Anthony Marx (2002), ‘The nation-state and its exclusions’, Political science quarterly. 117: 1, 103-126, available online

Seminar questions

Why and how does nationalist discourses matter nowadays in Western countries?

Account for role of the past and religion in ethno-symbolist approaches to nations and nationalism.

Are nations the creations of political elites or the result of popular demands for collective acknowledgement and integration?

Further reading

Arash Abizadeh (2002), ‘Does Liberal Democracy Presupposes a Cultural Nation? Four Arguments’, The American political science review. 96:3, 495-509, available on campus at

Benedict Anderson, Imagined Communities. London: Verso, 1991.

Sebastian Balfour and Alejandro Quiroga, The reinvention of Spain : nation and identity since democracy. OUP, Oxford, 2007.

John Breuilly, Nationalism and the State, MUP, Manchester, 1993.

John Hutchinson and Anthony Smith (eds.), Nationalism, OUP, Oxford, 1994.

Ernest Gellner, Nations and nationalism. 2 nd edition with an introduction by John Breuilly, Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2006.

Eric Hobsbawm, Nations and Nationalism since 1780. CUP, Cambridge, 1992.

Elie Kedourie, Nationalism. Hutchinson, London, 1960.

Josep R. Llobera , The god of modernity : the development of nationalism in Western Europe. Oxford, Berg, 1994.

Diego Muro and Alejandro Quiroga (2005), ‘Spanish nationalism, ethnic or civic? ’ Ethnicities 5, 1, 9-29

Umut Ozkirimili, Theories of nationalism : a critical introduction. London: MacMillan Press, 2002.

For articles published in leading history and political science journals between 1987 and 2007 see

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Learning unit 6: Progressive populism in the Hispanic World

 Week 21 Lecture: Populism and Bolivarian revolutions in Latin America

President Hugo Chavez, Speech at the UN General Assembly, 21 September 2006. Available at

 Week 22 Lecture: Spain: reactive progressive populism

Pablo Iglesias, ‘Understanding Podemos’. New left review. ISSN: 0028-6060 93, May-June 2015. Available at

 Week 23 Seminar: Progressive politics and challenges

Further reading

- Benjamin McKean, ‘Towards an inclusive populism? On the role of Race and Difference in Laclau’s Politics’, Political theory. ISSN: 0090-5917, Vol. 44(6), 2016, 797–820.

 - Juan Rodríguez-Teruel, Astrid Barrio & Oscar Barberà ‘Fast and Furious: Podemos’ Quest for Power in Multi-level Spain’, South European Society & Politics, ISSN: 1360-8746 21, No. 4, (2016), 561-585. Available at

  • - Cristóbal Valencia Ramírez, ‘Venezuela's Bolivarian Revolution: Who Are the Chavistas?’ Latin American perspectives. ISSN: 0094-582X, 32, No. 3 (2005), 79-97.

This list was last updated on 21/09/2017