Leeds University Library

Language in Society Reading List

Language in Society, 2017/18, Semester 1
Professor Tony Crowley
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Language in Society (ENGL3294)

Semester 1 

Professor Tony Crowley, Dr. Alison Johnson

Course description:  Language and society are inextricably linked and language varies according to its users and the uses to which it is put. In this module students will explore selected aspects of the social variation of language, developing awareness of the ways in which English functions in social settings. The module will explore how and why English varies, relating findings to societal structures, groupings and divisions. The module introduces students to key theoretical approaches and scholarship within this important and wide-ranging area of language study, such as synchronic and diachronic aspects of accent and dialect; style; Standard and non-Standard English; social variables (e.g. gender, class, ethnicity); social networks; language and identity; politeness and accommodation; codes and code-switching; attitudes to language; language and nationalism; language and colonialism; language policy and planning.

Required course reading:

The following texts should be purchased as the week-by-week preparation reading will be taken from them and we will be using them in class.

Holmes, Janet. 2013 (4th edn.). An Introduction to Sociolinguistics.  Harlow: Pearson.

Meyerhoff, Miriam. 2011 (2nd edn.) Introducing sociolinguistics. London: Routledge.

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Additional seminar readings will include the following book chapters/articles (but additional readings may also be given to you during the course):

Cameron, Deborah. 1996. The language-gender interface: challenging co-optation. In Victoria Bergvall, Janet Bing and Alice Freed (eds.). Rethinking language and gender research : theory and practice. London: Longman, 31-53. 

Cheshire, J. 1982. Linguistic variation and social function. In Romaine, S. (ed.) Sociolinguistic variation in speech communities. London: Edward Arnold, pp. 153-166. Reprinted in Coupland, N. and Jaworski, A. (eds.) Sociolinguistics : a reader and coursebook. Basingstoke and London: Macmillan, pp. 185-198. 

Chinua Achebe. 1956. (from) 'The African Writer and the English Language', Transition. ISSN: 1211-0205 , 4.18, 27-30, reprinted in Morning yet on creation day : essays , London: Heinemann, 1975.

Cox, Brian. 1991. (from) 'Teaching Standard English', in Cox on Cox : an English curriculum for the 1990s , London: Hodder Education.

Eckert, Penelope. 2009. Ethnography and the Study of Variation. In Nikolas Coupland and Adam Jaworski (eds). The new sociolinguistics reader. New York: Palgrove Macmillan, 136–151.  

Gadelli. K.E. 1999. Language planning: Theory and practice. Evolution of language planning cases worldwide, Paris: Languages Division, Education Sector, UNESCO. - Available online: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0011/001184/118456eo.pdf

Giles, Howard, and Nancy Niedzielski. 1998. Italian is Beautiful, German is Ugly. In Laurie Bauer & Peter Trudgill (eds.). Language Myth. London: Penguin Books Ltd, 85-93. 

Hyde, Douglas. 1892. (from) 'The Necessity for De-Anglicising Ireland', in Language, lore and lyrics : essays and lectures , ed. B. O'Conaire. 1986. Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 1986. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Irish language legislation. 1922. (from) Constitution of the Irish Free State (Saorstát Eireann) Act ; 1937. Constitution of Ireland - Bunreacht na hÉireann ; 2003. Official Languages Act/Acht na dTeangacha Oifigiúla .

Tannen, Deborah. 1990. You Just Don't Understand: Women and Men in Conversation. London: Virago Press. (Chapter 1) 

Whorf, B. L. 1940. (from) 'Science and Linguistics', Technology review. ISSN: 1099-274X. 42(6): 229-31, 247-8, reprinted in B. L. Whorf. 1956. Language, Thought and Reality (ed. J. B. Carroll). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

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Additional references:

Ideas for follow-up reading and additional references will be given to you in each lecture. You may also find the following books and articles useful in preparing for assignments.

Barbour, Stephen and Cathie Carmichael. 2002. Language and nationalism in Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bauer, L. & P. Trudgill (eds) 1998. Language myths London: Penguin.

Bell, A. 1984. Language style as audience design. Language in society. 13, 145-204.

Bell, A. 1997. Language Style as Audience design. In: Coupland, N. (ed) Sociolinguistics : a reader and coursebook, 240-250. Basingstoke: Macmillan.

Bex, Tony and Richard J. Watts. 1999. Standard English : the widening debate. London and New York: Routledge.

Cameron D. 1995. Verbal hygiene. London: Routledge.

Chambers J.K., P. Trudgill & N. Schilling-Estes. (eds) 2002. The handbook of language variation and change. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell.

Chambers, J.K. & P. Trudgill 1980. Dialectology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Chambers, J.K. 2003. Sociolinguistic theory: linguistic variation and its social significance. 2nd ed. Oxford: Blackwell.

Cheshire, J. 1982. Linguistic Variation and Social Function. In S. Romaine (ed) Sociolinguistic variation in speech communities, 153-166. London: Edward Arnold.

Cheshire, J. P. Kerswill, S. Fox & E. Torgersen. 2011. Contact, the feature pool and the speech community: The emergence of Multicultural London English. Journal of sociolinguistics. 15(2), 151-196.

Coates J. 2004. Women, Men and Language. 3rd ed. London: Longman.

Coulmas F. (ed) 1997. The handbook of sociolinguistics. Oxford: Blackwell.

Coulmas, F. 2006. Sociolinguistics : the study of speakers' choices. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Coupland N, and A. Jaworski. (ed) 2009. The new sociolinguistics reader. Basingstoke: Macmillan.

Coupland, N. 2007. Style : language variation and identity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Coupland, N. & A. Kaworski. 2009. The new sociolinguistics reader. Houndmills, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Crowley, Tony. 2003. Standard English and the politics of language (2nd ed.). London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Crystal, David. 2006. The fight for English : how language pundits ate, shot, and left ISBN: 9780199207640 : £9.99; 019920764X : £9.99. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Deutscher, Guy. 2011. Through the language glass : why the world looks different in other languages ISBN: 9780099505570 (pbk.) : £7.99; 0099505576 (pbk.) : £7.99. London: Arrow.

Eckert P. & J. Rickford (eds) 2001. Style and sociolinguistic variation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Eckert P. & S. McConnel-Ginet. 2003. Language and Gender. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Edwards, John. 2009.  Language and identity : an introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge U.P

Fairclough, Norman. 2014 . Language and Power (3rd ed.). London and New York: Routledge.    

Fasold R.W. 1993. The sociolinguistics of society. 2nd ed. Oxford: Blackwell.

Fasold R.W. 1994. The sociolinguistics of language. 2nd ed. Oxford: Blackwell.

Finegan, E. & J.R. Rickford (eds) 2004. Language in the USA. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press.

Fought C. (ed) 2004. Sociolinguistic variation : critical reflections. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Fought C. 2006. Language and ethnicity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Foulkes, P. and G. Docherty (eds) 1999. Urban voices : accent studies in the British Isles, London: Arnold.

Giles H. & N. Coupland. 1991. Language : contexts and consequences. Milton Keynes: Open University Press.

Graddol, D. 1997. The Future of English. London: British Council.

Gumperz J.J. & D. Hymes (eds) 1972. Directions in sociolinguistics. The ethnography of communication. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Harris, Roxy and Ben Rampton. 2003. The language, ethnicity and race reader. London and New York: Routledge.

Holmes J. 1995. Women, men and politeness. London: Longman.

Joseph, John. 2003.  Language and identity : national, ethnic, religious. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

-------- 2006.  Language and Politics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh U.P.

Kramsch, Claire and H. Widdowson. 1998. Language and Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Labov W. 1972a. Sociolinguistic patterns. Philadelphia: Univ. of Pennsylvania Press.

Labov W. 1972b. Language in the inner city : studies in the Black English vernacular. Philadelphia: Univ. of Pennsylvania Press.

Lippi-Green, R. 1997. English with an accent : language, ideology, and discrimination in the United States. London, New York: Routledge.

Litosseliti L. 2006. Gender and language : theory and practice. London: Hodder Arnold

Llamas, C., P. Stockwell & L. Mullany (eds) 2006. The Routledge companion to sociolinguistics. London: Routledge.

Llamas, C. & D. Watt (eds.). 2010. Language and identities. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

May, Stephen. 2011. Language and Minority Rights: Ethnicity, Nationalism and the Politics of Language (2nd ed.). London and New York: Routledge.

Mesthrie R. (ed) 2001. Concise encyclopedia of sociolinguistics. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Mesthrie R., J. Swann, A. Deumert & W. Leap. 2000. Introducing sociolinguistics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Miller, Robert McColl. 2005. Language, nation, and power : an introduction. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Milroy, J. 1992. Linguistic variation and change : on the historical sociolinguistics of English, Oxford: Blackwell.

Milroy, J. & L. Milroy (eds). 1993. Real English : the grammar of English dialects in the British Isles. London: Longman.

Milroy, J. and Milroy, L. 1999. Authority in language: Investigating language prescription and standardisation. 3rd ed. London: Routledge

Milroy, L. & M. Gordon 2003. Sociolinguistics : method and interpretation. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell.

Mooney, Annabelle et al. Language, Society and Power: An Introduction (3rd ed.). London and New York: Routledge.    

Paulston C.B. (ed) 2003. Sociolinguistics : the essential readings. Malden, Mass.: Blackwell.

Phillipson, Robert. 2010. Linguistic imperialism continued. London and New York: Routledge.

Romaine S. 2000. Language in society: an introduction to sociolinguistics. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ryan E.B. & H. Giles (eds) 1982. Attitudes towards language variation : social and applied contexts. London: Arnold.

Schneider, E.W. & B. Kortmann (eds) 2004. A handbook of varieties of English : a multimedia reference tool.. (Vol. 1. Phonology; vol. 2. Morphology and syntax.) Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Sebba, M. 1997. Contact languages : pidgins and creoles. London: Macmillan Press.

Sebba, M. 1993. London Jamaican : language systems in interaction. London:Longman.

Simpson, Paul and Andrea Mayr. 2010. Language and power : a resource book for students. London and New York: Routledge.

Spolsky B. 1998. Sociolinguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press..

Spolsky, Robert. 2003. Language Policy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Stenström, A.-B., G. Andersen & I.K. Hasund. 2002. Trends in teenage talk : corpus compilation, analysis, and findings. Amsterdam, Philadelphia.

Stockwell, P. 2007. Sociolinguistics : a resource book for students. 2nd ed. London, New York: Routledge.

Swann J. 2004. A dictionary of sociolinguistics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Tagliamonte S. 2006. Analysing sociolinguistic variation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Trousdale, G. 2010. An introduction to English sociolinguistics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Trudgill P. 2002. Sociolinguistic variation and change. Edinburgh: University Press.

Trudgill P. 2003. A glossary of sociolinguistics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Trudgill, P. & J. Cheshire (eds) 1998. The sociolinguistics reader (Vol. 1. Multilingualism and variation; vol.2: Gender and discourse). London: Arnold.

Trudgill, P. & R. Watts (eds) 2002. Alternative histories of English. London: Routledge.

Trudgill, P. (ed) 1984. Language in the British Isles. Cambridge: University Press.

Trudgill, P. 1974. The social differentiation of English in Norwich. London: Cambridge University Press.

Trudgill, P. 1992. Introducing language and society. London: Penguin.

Trudgill, P. 1999. The dialects of England. 2nd ed. Oxford: Blackwell.

Trudgill, P. 2000. Sociolinguistics : an introduction to language and society. 4th ed. London: Penguin.

Trudgill, P. 2002. Sociolinguistic variation and change. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Upton, C. & J.D.A. Widdowson. 1996. An atlas of English dialects. New York: Oxford University Press.

Wardhaugh R. 2010. An introduction to Sociolinguistics, 6th ed. Oxford: Blackwell.

Watts R.J. 2003. Politeness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Wells, J. C. 1982. Accents of English. (3 vols.) Cambridge: University Press.

Wodak, R (ed). 1997. Gender and Discourse. London: Sage, 263-93.

Wolfram, W. & N. Schilling-Estes (eds) 2006. American English : dialects and variation. 2nd ed. Malden, MA: Blackwell

Wright, Sue. 2004. Language policy and language planning : from nationalism to globalisation. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

This list was last updated on 20/07/2017