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IDEA5322M
Module Reading List

Ethical Issues at the Beginning of Life (Online), 2017/18, Semester 1
Professor Chris Megone
C.B.Megone@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

(2009)

Unit 2.1- Is Life Sacred?

Required Reading

Dworkin, R. (1993) What is Sacred? In his Life's Dominion. London: Harper Collins.
Available as an Online Course Reading 
 

Singer, P. (2011). Practical Ethics. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 71-76 ONLY.
Available as an eBook from the University library 
 

Further Reading

Arneson, R.J. (1999). What, If Anything, Renders All Humans Morally Equal? In Jamieson, D. (ed.) Singer and his critics. Oxford: Blackwell. pp. 103–127. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Glover, J. (2006). The Sanctity of Life. In: Singer, P. and Kuhse, H. (eds.), Bioethics, 2nd Edition, Oxford: Blackwell (available online in the Online Course Readings folder)

Warren, M.A. (1997). Moral status: obligations to persons and other living things. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

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Unit 2.2 - Personhood Accounts

Required Reading

Tooley, M. (1972). Abortion and Infanticide. Philosophy & Public Affairs 2(1): 37-65.
NOTE: for this unit please skip Section V ‘Refutation of the Conservative Position’ (pp. 55-62). In that section Tooley presents his response to potentiality arguments, which we will consider in the next unit. 
 

Hursthouse, R. (1992). Trying to prove the foetus does not matter. In: Beginning lives. Oxford: Blackwell. pp. 89-130.
Available as an Online Course Reading 
 

Further Reading

Anscombe, E. (1985). Were you a Zygote? In Griffiths, A.P. (ed.) Philosophy and practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Bassen, P. (1982). Present Sakes and Future Prospects: the Status of Early Abortion. Philosophy & public affairs 11(4): 314-337.

Boonin, D. (2003). A defense of abortion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Available Online.

Coope, C. (2006). Worth and welfare in the controversy over abortion. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Available Online.

Dworkin, R. (1993). Life's Dominion. London: Harper Collins.

Foot, P. (1978). The Problem of Abortion and the Doctrine of the Double Effect. In Virtues and vices. Oxford: Blackwell. Available Online.

Ford, N. (1988). When did I begin? : conception of the human individual in history, philosophy and science, Chapter 2. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Available as Online Course Reading

Galvao, P. (2007). Boonin on the future-like-ours argument against abortion. Bioethics 21(6): 324-28.

Harman, E. (1999). Creation Ethics: The Moral Status of Early Fetuses and the Ethics of Abortion. Philosophy & public affairs. 28: 310–324.

Hursthouse, R. (1987). Beginning lives, Chapters 5 and 6. Oxford: Blackwell.

Hursthouse, R. (1991). Virtue, Theory and Abortion Philosophy & public affairs 20(3): 223-246.

Jackson, J. (1992). Toleration in the Abortion Debate. In Bromham, D. et al. (eds.) Ethics in reproductive medicine. London: Springer.

Jackson, J. (2006). Ethics in medicine, Chapter 10. Cambridge: Polity.
Available as Online Course Reading

Kenny, A. (1987). Abortion and the Taking of Human Life. In Reason and religion: essays in philosophical theology. Oxford: Blackwell.
Available as Online Course Reading

Kittay, E. F. (2005). At the Margins of Personhood. Ethics 116: 100–31.

Lang, G. (2008). 'Nudging the Responsibility Objection. Journal of applied philosophy 25(1): 56-70.

Little, M. (2008). Abortion and the Margins of Personhood. Rutgers Law Journal 39: 331–348.

McMahan, J. (2002). The ethics of killing: killing at the margins of life, Chapter 4. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Available as Online Course Reading

McMahan, J. (2006). Paradoxes of Abortion and Prenatal Injury. Ethics 116: 625-655.

Murray, T.H. and Caplan, A. (eds.) (1985). Which babies shall live? : humanistic dimensions of the care of imperiled newborns Clifton NJ: Humana.

Oderberg, D. (2000). Applied ethics : a non-consequentialist approach, Chapter 1. Oxford: Blackwell.
Available as an Online Course Reading

Quinn, W. (1984). Abortion, Identity and Loss. Philosophy & public affairs 13(1): 24-54.

Sher, G. (1977). Hare, Abortion and the Golden Rule. Philosophy & public affairs 6(2) 185-90.

Singer, P. (2011) Practical ethics, Chapters 4 and 6. New York: Cambridge University Press.
See pp. 151-154 for Singer's response to the infanticide objection. Available as an eBook from the University library.

Steinbock, B. (2011). Life Before Birth: the moral and legal status of embryos and fetuses. New York: Oxford University Press.

Tooley, M. (1983). Abortion and Infanticide. In: Applied ethics ISBN: 0198750676 (pbk.); 0198750854 by Peter Singer (1986) Oxford: Clarendon Press. - Available online: https://eclass.uoa.gr/modules/document/file.php/PPP504/Michael%20Tooley,%20Abortion%20and%20infanticide.pdf

Tupa, A. (2009). Killing, Letting Die, and the Morality of Abortion. Journal of applied philosophy 26(1): 1-26.

Warren, M.A. (1994). On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion. In White, J.E. (ed.) Contemporary moral problems, Fourth Edition. St Paul, Minn: West Publishing Co. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

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Unit 2.3 - Potentiality Arguments

Required Reading

Tooley, M. (1972). Abortion and Infanticide. Philosophy & Public Affairs 2(1): pp. 37-65. Section V ‘Refutation of the Conservative Position’ (pp. 55-62) ONLY.  

Singer, P. (2011). Practical Ethics, New York: Cambridge University Press: 138-141 ONLY. Available as an eBook from the University library 

Oderberg, D. (2000).  Moral theory: a non-consequentialist approach, Chapter 4 (especially section 4.4) . Oxford:  Wiley-Blackwell. Available as Online Course Reading 

Further Reading

Megone, C. (2000). Potentiality and Persons: An Aristotelian Perspective. In Kuczewski, M. and Polansky, R. (eds.), Bioethics: ancient themes in contemporary issues Boston: MIT Press. Available as Online Course Reading.

Singer, P. (2011). Practical Ethics. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 138-151.

Harman, E. (2003). The Potentiality Problem.  Philosophical studies 114(1-2): 173-198. 

Stone, J. (1987). Why Potentiality Matters. Canadian journal of philosophy. ISSN: 0045-5091; 1911-0820 17(4): 815-830. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Stone, J. (1994). Why Potentiality Still Matters. Canadian journal of philosophy  24(2): 281-294 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Fisher, J.A. (1994). Why Potentiality Does Not Matter – A Reply to Stone.  Canadian journal of philosophy 24(2): 261-180. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (SRJ 09/10/2017) 

Jacquette, D. (2001). Two kinds of potentiality: a Crtique of McGinn on the Ethics of Abortion.  Journal of applied philosophy  18(1): 79-86.

Burgess, J. A. (2010). Potential and Foetal Value. Journal of applied philosophy  27(2): 140-153. 

Camosy, C. (2008). Common Ground on Surgical Abortion? - Engaging Peter Singer on the Moral Status of Potential Persons.  Journal of medicine and philosophy  33: 577-593.

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Unit 2.4 - Conflicts of Rights

Required Reading

Thomson, J.J. (1971). A Defense of Abortion Philosophy and Public Affairs 1(1): 47-66.  

Further Reading

Brody, B. (1972). Thomson on Abortion Philosophy & Public Affairs 1(3): 335-340.

Finnis, J. (1973). The Rights and Wrongs of Abortion: A Reply to Judith Thomson Philosophy & Public Affairs 2(2): 117-145.

Purdy, L.M. (1990). Are Pregnant Women Fetal Containers? Bioethics 4(4): 273–291.

Silverstein, H. (1987). A Woman's ‘Responsibility’ for the Fetus. Social Theory and Practice 13: 103-119.
Available as an Online Course Reading.

Stone, J. (1983). Abortion and the Control of Human Bodies. Journal of Value Inquiry 17(1): 77-85.

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Unit 2.5 - The Non-Identity Problem

Required Reading

Parfit, D. (1984). The Non-Identity Problem. In: Reasons and persons. Oxford University Press: 351-379. Available as an eBook from the University library.
 

Further Reading

Hope, Tony. Medical ethics : a very short introduction ISBN: 0192802828 (pbk). Chapter 4. Oxford University Press, 2004.

Lawlor, Rob. "Questioning the significance of the non-identity problem in applied ethics" Journal of Medical Ethics, 2015, 893-896.

Arrhenius, G. et al. (2014). The Repugnant Conclusion. In: Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. (Spring 2014 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.).
Available online.

Adams, R. M. (1972). Must God Create the Best? The Philosophical Review 81: 317-32.

Boonin, D. (2008). How to Solve the Non-Identity Problem. Public Affairs Quarterly 22: 127-57. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 
Available as an Online Course Reading

Hanser, M. (1990). Harming Future People. Philosophy & Public Affairs 19: 47-70.

Hare, C. (2007). Voices From Another World: Must We Respect the Interests of People Who Do Not, and Will Never, Exist? Ethics 117: 498-523.

Harman, E. (2004). Can We Harm and Benefit in Creating? Philosophical Perspectives 18: 89-113.

Kavka, G. (1982). The Paradox of Future Individuals. Philosophy & Public Affairs 11: 93-112.

Parfit, D. (1984). The Repugnant Conclusion. In Reasons and persons. Oxford University Press: 381-390.

Parfit, D. (1986). Comments. Ethics 96: 854-62.

Parsons, J. (2003). Why the Handicapped Child Case is Hard. Philosophical Studies 112: 147-62.

Roberts, M. A. (2013). The Nonidentity Problem. Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. (Fall 2013 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.).
Available online.

Woodward, J. (1986) The Non-Identity Problem. Ethics 96: 804-31.

Parfit, D. (2006), Rights, Interests, and Possible People. In Singer, P. and Kuhse, H. (eds.), Bioethics, 2nd Edition, Oxford: Blackwell. pp. 108-112.

Brock, D. (1995). The non-identity problem and genetic harms - the case of wrongful handicaps. Bioethics 9(3): 269-275.

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Unit 2.6 - Fertility Treatment and Reproductive Autonomy

Required Reading

Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy, Parenthood and Procreation, sections 2, 3.1, 3.2 and 3.3. Available Online.  

Archard, A. (2004). Wrongful Life. Philosophy 79: 414-420. Sections III and IV only.  

Further Reading

Brock, D. (2005). Shaping Future Children. The journal of political philosophy 13: 379-384. Sections I and II. 

Larcher, V. (2007). Ethical Issues in Respect of Children Born After Assisted Reproductive Technologies. Archives of disease in childhood 92: 670-71.

Lotz, M. (2009). Procreative reasons relevance: on the moral significance of why we have children. Bioethics 23(5): 291-299.

Robertson, J. (2005). Gay and Lesbian Access to Assisted Reproductive Technology. Case Western Reserve Law Review 55(2): 323–372. Online at http://www.utexas.edu/law/faculty/jrobertson/robertson.DARBY.pdf

http://www.unicef.org/crc/files/Rights_overview.pdf

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Unit 2.7 - Feminist Perspectives and Pre-Natal Screening

Required Reading

Brake, E. and Millum, J. (2013). ‘Parenthood and Procreation’. Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. (Winter 2013 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.) Available online. Section 2.4 ONLY  

Purdy, L.M. (1990). Are Pregnant Women Fetal Containers? Bioethics 4(4): 273-291.  

Seavilleklein, V. (2009). Challenging the Rhetoric of Choice in Prenatal Screening. Bioethics 23(1): 68-77.  

Further Reading

Little, M.O. (2014). The Moral Permissibility of Abortion. In Cohen, A.I., and Wellman, C.H. Contemporary Debates in Applied Ethics. Chichester: Wiley & Sons.

Little, M.O. (2008). Abortion. In Frey, R.G. and Wellman, C.H. (eds.). A companion to applied ethics. Malden: Wiley. pp, 313-325.

Purdy, L.M. (2006). Genetics and Reproductive Risk: Can Having Children be Immoral? In Singer, P. and Kuhse, H. (eds.), Bioethics, 2nd Edition, Oxford: Blackwell. pp. 115-121.

Asch, A. (2006). Prenatal Diagnosis and Selective Abortion: A Challenge to Practice and Policy. In Singer, P. and Kuhse, H. (eds.), Bioethics, 2nd Edition, Oxford: Blackwell. pp. 122-136.

Sherwin, S. (1992). No longer patient: feminist ethics and health care. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, chapters 5 and 6. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Purdy, L.M. (1996). Reproducing persons: issues in feminist bioethics. London: Cornell University Press.

Robertson, J. (1982). The Right to Procreate and in Utero Fetal Therapy. Zeitschrift für Rechtsmedizin = Journal of legal medicine. ISSN: 0194-7648 3(3): 355. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Robertson, J, (1996). Genetic selection of offspring characteristics. Boston University Law Review 76: 301–61.

Tremain, Shelley, 2006, “Reproductive freedom, self-regulation, and the government of impairment in utero”, Hypatia. A Journal of Feminist Philosophy 21(1): 35–53.

Kukla, Rebecca, 2005a, “The limits of lines: negotiating hard medical choices”, APA Newsletter on Philosophy of Medicine 5(1), 13–19. - Available online: http://www.apaonline.org/page/medicine_newsletter Available online 

Kukla, Rebecca, 2008, “Measuring Mothering”, International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 1(1): 67–90. - Available online: https://student.cc.uoc.gr/uploadFiles/1110-%CE%91%CE%9509%CE%9A/Kukla%20Mearuing%20mothering.pdf 

This list was last updated on 27/11/2017