Leeds University Library

IDEA5333M
Module Reading List

Ethical Issues at the End of Life (Online), 2017/18, Semester 1
Dr Carl Fox
ca.fox@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Unit 3.1 - Is Death a Harm?

Required Reading

Nagel, T. 1979. Mortal questions . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Chapter 1: Death, pp. 1-10. Available as Online Course Reading

Further Reading

Luper, S. (2009). Death. In Edward N. Zalta (ed.).   Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource] (Summer 2009 Edition).

Williams, B. (1973) The Makropulos Case: Reflections on the Tedium of Immortality. In: Williams, B. (Ed.), Problems of the self : philosophical papers, 1956-1972 , Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Epicurus (1966). Letter to Menoeceus. In Saunders, J., Ed., Greek and Roman philosophy after Aristotle , New York: Free Press. Available online

Lucretius (1951). On the Nature of the Universe. Trans. William Ellery Leonard, Project Gutenberg EBook , Book III.

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Unit 3.2 - The Wrongness of Killing

Required Reading

Singer, P. (2011). Practical Ethics . New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 71–93.

Further Reading

Grisez, G. and Boyle Jr., J. M. (2012). The Morality of Killing: A Traditional View. In: Kuhse, H. and Singer, P. (eds.) A companion to bioethics , Chapter 22 in 1st Edition, Chapter 27 in 2nd Edition. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Device, P. E. (1978). The ethics of homicide . London: Cornell University Press.

Campbell, R. and Collinson, D. (1988). Ending lives . Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Glover, J. (2006). The sanctity of life. In: Kuhse, H. & Singer, P. (eds.) Bioethics: An Anthology . London: Blackwell. 266–275.

Maclean, A. (1993). The elimination of morality: reflections on utilitarianism and bioethics , Chapters 6 and 7. London: Routledge.

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Unit 3.3 - Killing and Letting Die 

Required Reading

Nesbitt, W. (1995). Is Killing No Worse that Letting Die? Journal of applied philosophy 12(1): 101-106.
Reprinted in: Kuhse, H., Singer, P. (eds.), Bioethics . Oxford: Blackwell. Chapter 25 in 1st Edition, Chapter 29 in 2nd Edition.

Kuhse, H. (1998). Why Killing is Not Always Worse – and Sometimes Better – Than Letting Die. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7(4): 371-374.
Reprinted in: Kuhse, H., Singer, P. (eds.), Bioethics . Oxford: Blackwell. Chapter 26 in 1st Edition, Chapter 30 in 2nd Edition.

Further Reading

Campbell, R. and Collinson, D. (1988). On Killing and Letting Die. Ending lives . Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Dinello, D. (1971). On Killing and Letting Die. Analysis 31(3): 83-86.

Quinn, W. (1989). Actions, Intentions, and Consequences: The Doctrine of Doing and Allowing. Philosophical review 98(3): 287-312.

Rakowski, E. (2001). Taking and Saving Lives. In Harris, J. (ed.), Bioethics . Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Available as Online Course Reading

Scheffler, S. (2004). Doing and Allowing. Ethics 114(2): 215-239.

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Unit 3.4 - Active and Passive Euthanasia 

Required Reading

Brock, D.W. (1992). Voluntary Active Euthanasia. The Hasting Centre Report 22(2): 10-22.

Rachels, J. (1975). Active and Passive Euthanasia. New England Journal of Medicine 292(2): 78-80.

Further Reading

Battin. M. P., et al. (2007). Legal physician-assisted dying in Oregon and the Netherlands: evidence concerning the impact on patients in “vulnerable’ groups. Journal of Medical Ethics 33(10): 591-597.

Biggar. N. (2004). Aiming to Kill . London: Darton, Longman and Todd.

Coggon. J. (2006). Arguing about Physician Assisted Suicide: a response to Steinbock. Journal of Medical Ethics 32(6): 339-341.

Downing, A.B. and Smoker, B. (eds.) (1986). Voluntary euthanasia: experts debate the right to die . London, Peter Owen.

Dworkin. G. (1982). Is More Choice Better than Less? Midwest Studies In Philosophy 7(1): 47-61.

Dworkin. G. (2009). Physician Assisted Death: The State of the Debate. In: Steinbock. B. (Ed.) The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics . Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Available as Online Course Reading

Foot, P. (1978). Euthanasia. In her Virtues and vices . Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gill, R. (ed.) (1988). Euthanasia and the churches . London: Cassell.

Gormally, L. (ed.) (1994). Euthanasia, clinical practice, and the law . London: Linacre Centre.

Harris, J. (1985). The value of life . London: Routledge. Chapters 1-4.

Keown, John (ed.) (1995). Euthanasia examined: ethical, clinical and legal perspectives . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kuhse, H. and Singer, P. (1985). Should the baby live? : the problem of handicapped infants . Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kuhse, H. (1987). The sanctity-of-life doctrine in medicine: a critique . Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Rachels, J. (1986). The end of life: euthanasia and morality Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Singer, P. (2011). Practical Ethics , 3rd Edition, Chapter 7: 'Taking Life: Humans'. Cambridge University Press.

Steinbock, B. (1979). The intentional termination of life. In Ethics in science and medicine . New York: Pergamon Press. pp. 59-64.

Veatch, R.M. (1989). Death, dying and the biological revolution: our last quest for responsibility . New Haven: Yale University Press.

Velleman, J. D. (2007). Against the Right to Die. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 17(6): 665-681.

Weir, R. (ed.) (1977). Ethical issues in death and dying . New York: Columbia University Press.

Weir, R. (1984). Selective nontreatment of handicapped newborns: moral dilemmas in neonatal medicine . New York: Oxford University Press.

Weir, R. (1989). Abating treatment with critically ill patients: ethical and legal limits to the medical prolongation of life . Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Young, R. (2010). Voluntary Euthanasia. In: Edward N. Zalta (ed.) The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2010 Edition).

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Unit 3.5 - Suicide and Physician-Assisted Suicide

Required Reading

Hill, D.J. (2011). What it is to commit suicide. In: Ratio 24(2): 192-205

Dworkin. G. (2007). Physician Assisted Death: The State of the Debate. In: Steinbock. B. (Ed.) The Oxford handbook of bioethics . Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Available as Online Course Reading

Further Reading

Aquinas. T. (1271). Summa Theologica , part II, Q64, A5. Available Online .

Batlin, M. and Mayo, D. (eds.) (1981). Suicide: the philosophical issues . London: Peter Owen.

Battin, M. et al (eds.) (1997). Physician-assisted suicide . Bloomington : Indiana University Press.

Beauchamp, T. (1993). Suicide. In Regan, T. (ed). Matters of Life and Death: New Introductory Essays in Moral Philosophy , 3rd Edition. Boston: McGraw-Hill.

Biggar, N. (2004). Aiming to kill: the ethics of suicide and euthanasia . London: Darton, Longman & Todd.

Campbell, R. and Collinson, D. (1988). Ending lives , Chapters 1-5. Basil Blackwell.

Cholbi, M. (2013). Suicide. In: Edward N. Zalta (ed.) The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Summer 2013 Edition)

Cosculluela, V. (1995). The ethics of suicide . New York: Garland Publishing.

Fairbairn, G. J. (1995). Contemplating Suicide . London: Routledge.

Hume, D. (1783). Of Suicide . Available Online .

Kant, I. (2002). Groundwork of the metaphysics of morals . London: Yale University Press. Available Online .

Kamisar, Y. (1958). Some Non-Religious Views Against Proposed ‘Mercy Killing’ Legislation. Minnesota Law Review 42(6): 969-1042.

O'Neill. O. (2008). Questions of Life and Death. Lancet 372: 1291-1292.

Pence. G. 2004). Classic Cases in Medical Ethics . Boston: McGraw-Hill.

Plato. Phaedo . Available Online .

Plato. Laws IX. Available Online .

Scott, R.F. Diaries . Available Online.

Seneca. Moral Letters to Lucillius , Letter 77: On Taking One's Own Life. Available Online .

Steinbock. B. (2005). The Case for Assisted Suicide: Not (yet) Proven. Journal of Medical Ethics 31: 235-241.

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Unit 3.6 - Slippery Slope Arguments

Required Reading

Govier, T. (1982). What's Wrong with Slippery Slopes? Canadian journal of philosophy. 12(2): 303-316.
Available as Online Course Reading

Beauchamp, T., Childress, J. (eds.) The Principles of Biomedical Ethics , (5th Edition), Oxford Univeristy Press 1989, pp. 144-146 (section entitled ‘Acts, Practices and Slippery Slope Problems’).

Further Reading

Williams, B. (1985). Which Slopes are Slippery? In: Lockwood, M. (ed.) Moral dilemmas in modern medicine . London: Oxford University Press.
Available as Online Course Reading

Walton, D. (1992). Slippery slope arguments . Oxford: Oxford University Press.

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Unit 3.7 - Terminal Sedation and the Doctrine of Double Effect

Required Reading

Battin, M. P. (2008). Terminal Sedation: Pulling the Sheet Over Our Eyes. Hastings Center Report 38(5): 27-30.

Boal, J. S., Smith, P. T. (2009). Line, please. Hastings Center Report 39(2): 4-8.

Foot, P. (2002). The Problem of Abortion and the Doctrine of Double Effect. In Virtues and Vices Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Thomson, J. J. (1999). Physician-Assisted Suicide: Two Moral Arguments. Ethics 109: 497–518.

Further Reading

Aquinas. T. (1271). Summa Theologica , part II, Q64, A7. Available Online .

Bentham, J. (2000). An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation Batoche Books. Kitchener.

Bratman M. E. (1987). Intention, Plans and Practical Reason Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

FitzPatrick. W. J. (2012). Intention Permissibility and Double Effect. in Timmons, M. (ed.) Oxford Studies in Normative Ethcs Vol 2. Oxford: Oxford University Press: 97-127.

Glover, J. (1990). Causing Death and Saving Lives . London: Penguin.

Horn, J. (2005). Intention. In: Honderich, T. Oxford Companion to Philosophy Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Mangan, J. (1949). An Historical Analysis of the Principle of Double Effect. Theological Studies 10: 41-61.

McMahan, J. (1994). Revising the Doctrine of Double Effect. Journal of applied philosophy . 11(2): 201–12.

McMahan. J. (2009). Intention Permissibility, Terrorism, and War Philosophical Perspectives 23(1): 345-372.

Meisel, A. et al. (2009). Letter to the Editor, and Reply. Hastings Center report . 39(2): 4-8.

Quinn, W. (1989). Actions, Intentions, and Consequences: The Doctrine of Double Effect. Philosophy and public affairs. 18(4): 334–351.

Scanlon, T.M. (2008). Moral Dimensions: Meaning, Permissibility and Blame . Cambridge MA: Belknap Press.

Thomson, J. J. (1991). Self-defense Philosophy and Public Affairs 20(4): 283-310.

Thomson, J. J. (1999). Physician-Assisted Suicide: Two Moral Arguments. Ethics 109: 497–518.

Walzer, M. (1977). Just and Unjust Wars New York: Basic Books. pp. 151–9.

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Unit 3.8 - Intention and Killing

Required Reading

Campbell, R. (1988). Extraordinary Means and Double Effect. In: Campbell, R. Ending lives . Oxford: Basil Blackwell. 153–168.
Available as Online Course Reading

Steinbock, B. (1994). The Intentional Termination of Life. In: Steinbock, B. Killing and letting die , 2nd edition. New York: Fordham University Press. 120-130. Available as Online Course Reading

Further Reading

Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. , entry on doctrine of double effect.

Anscombe, G.E.M. (2005). Action, Intention and ‘Double Effect’. In Geach, M., Gormally, L. (eds.), Human Life, Action and Ethics . Exeter: Imprint Academic. 220-225.

Dunn, R. (1992). Intention and Intentional Action. In the Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy .

Duff, R.A. (1973). Intentionally Killing the Innocent. Analysis 34(1): 16-19.

Hart, H.L.A. (2008). Intention and Punishment. In Punishment and Responsibility . Oxford: Oxford University Press. EBook available

Oderberg, D. (2000). Moral theory: a non-consequentialist approach , Chapter 3, section 3.1. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

This list was last updated on 30/01/2015