Leeds University Library

HIST2117
HIST2117 Conquerors and Conquered: England, 1000-1135

Conquerors and Conquered: England, 1000-1135, 2017/18, Semester 2
Professor Julia Barrow
j.s.barrow@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

General books on the period, especially for introductory reading. Some of them are very suitable for purchase .

Pauline Stafford, Unification and conquest : a political and social history of England in the tenth and eleventh centuries (London: Arnold, 1989)

Pauline Stafford, ed. A companion to the early Middle Ages : Britain and Ireland c.500-1100 (Chichester and Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009), chs. 19-25, 27

Wendy Davies, ed. From the Vikings to the Normans (Oxford: OUP, 2003)

Christopher Harper-Bill and Elisabeth van Houts, ed. A companion to the Anglo-Norman world (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2002); covers English and Norman political, social and cultural history from c.900 to c.1200

Julia Crick and Elisabeth van Houts, A social history of England, 900-1200 (Cambridge: CUP, 2011)

Pauline Stafford, Queen Emma and Queen Edith : queenship and women's power in eleventh-century England (Oxford: Blackwell, 1997)

Frank Barlow, The Godwins: the Rise and Fall of a Noble Dynasty (Harlow: Longman, 2002)

R.A. Fletcher, Bloodfeud : murder and revenge in Anglo-Saxon England (London: Penguin, 2002)

George Garnett, The Norman conquest : a very short introduction (Oxford: OUP, 2009): very opinionated, but helps to set out the main points

John Gillingham, William II : the Red King (London: Allen Lane, 2015): manages to put across a lot of new arguments in a brief and readable overview of William II's reign

Marjorie Chibnall, The debate on the Norman Conquest (Manchester: Manchester, 1999)

Michael Clanchy, England and its rulers, 1066-1307 , 3rd edn (Oxford: Blackwell, 2006) – accessible introduction to the post-Conquest period

Marc Morris, The Norman Conquest (London, 2013) - accessible introduction to the subject

Marc Morris, William I : England's conqueror (London: Allen Lane, 2016) - a brief overview of William I's life

H.M. Thomas, The Norman Conquest : England after William the Conqueror (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2008)

David Bates, William the Conqueror (Stroud: Tempus, 2004): an accessible introduction to the career of William I

Elisabeth van Houts, ed. and tr. The Normans in Europe (Manchester: Manchester UP, 2000) – useful collection of excerpted sources on the Normans, with excellent commentary

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Reference Works:

You will come across lots of puzzling names and terminology and also lots of places you haven’t heard of before. Here are some ways of finding out about them:

The Blackwell encyclopaedia of Anglo-Saxon England , ed. by Michael Lapidge, John Blair, Simon Keynes and Donald Scragg (Oxford: Blackwell, 1999) – this should be your first port of call for the pre-1066 period in England

For individual biographies of many of the individuals you will encounter, make good use of Oxford dictionary of national biography : from the earliest times to the year 2000 , ed. H.C.G. Matthew and B. Harrison, 61 vols (Oxford: OUP, 2004). The ODNB is available on-line as well as in hard copy and you can use the on-line version to search for groups of people, e.g. kings. Often the best quick introduction to a single individual. Many relevant articles here: note especially F. Barlow, ‘Edward the Confessor’, ‘William of St Calais’, ‘E.A. Freeman’; A. Williams, ‘Godwine’, ‘Edith’ and ‘Swein’; R. Fleming, ‘Harold II’; D. Bates, ‘William I’; H.E.J. Cowdrey, ‘Stigand’, ‘Robert of Jumièges’ and ‘Lanfranc’; S. Keynes, ‘Æthelred II’, ‘Emma’; M.K. Lawson, ‘Cnut’; W.M. Aird, ‘Tostig’; E. van Houts, ‘Matilda’ [Matilda of Flanders], and many, many more.

For further information about people, try PASE ( Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England ) at www.pase.ac.uk

For the most accurate dates of English kings and bishops: Handbook of British chronology. , 3rd edn, ed. E.B. Fryde (London: Royal Historical Society, 1986)

For a very good website on medieval warfare, look at www.deremilitari.org – lots of translated sources, articles and links

David Hill, An atlas of Anglo-Saxon England (Oxford: Blackwell, 1981)

Angus MacKay and David Ditchburn, ed. Atlas of medieval Europe [cartographic material] , 2nd edn (London: Routledge, 2007)

Ordnance Survey, Monastic Britain [cartographic material]. (Southampton: Ordnance Survey, 1978)

Ordnance Survey, Britain before the Norman Conquest [cartographic material]. (Southampton: Ordnance Survey, 1973)

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Æthelred the Unready (978-1016)and Cnut (1016-35)

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Anglo-Saxon political organisation (general):

Pauline Stafford, Unification and conquest : a political and social history of England in the tenth and eleventh centuries (London: Arnold, 1989) (the best introduction)

Frank Merry Stenton, Anglo-Saxon England , 3rd edn (Oxford: Clarendon, 1971): goes up to 1086 – very detailed narrative

James Campbell, ed. The Anglo-Saxons (Oxford: Phaidon, 1982; reissued London: Penguin, 1991): a useful general introduction, and with plentiful, well-explained illustrations

Julia Crick and Elisabeth van Houts,ed. A social history of England, 900-1200 (Cambridge: CUP, 2011)

James Campbell, The Anglo-Saxon state (London: Hambledon, 2000)

James Campbell, ‘Some observations on English government from the tenth to the twelfth century’ in his Essays in Anglo-Saxon history (London: Hambledon, 1986)

Simon Keynes, ‘Royal government and the written word in late Anglo-Saxon England’, in The Uses of literacy in early medieval Europe [electronic resource] , ed. Rosamond McKitterick (Cambridge: CUP, 1990)

G.R. Owen-Crocker and B.W. Schneider, ed. Kingship, legislation and power in Anglo-Saxon England (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2013), esp. Keynes

George Molyneaux, The formation of the English kingdom in the tenth century (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015), esp. chs 4-5

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Æthelred the Unready

Ann Williams, Æthelred the Unready : the ill-counselled king (London: Hambledon, 2003)

David Hill, ed. Ethelred the Unready : papers from the millenary conference (Oxford: BAR, 1978)

David Bates, Julia Crick and Sarah Hamilton, ed. Writing medieval biography 750-1250 : essays in honour of Professor Frank Barlow (2006) (esp. Keynes, Stafford)

Richard Abels, Lordship and military obligation in Anglo-Saxon England (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1988)

Richard Abels, ‘Bookland and fyrd service in late Saxon England’, Anglo-Norman Studies VIII: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1985 , ed. by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1985)

Nicholas Brooks, ‘Weapons and armour in the Battle of Maldon ’, in The Battle of Maldon , ed. Donald Scragg (Manchester: Manchester UP,1991), 208-19; repd in Nicholas Brooks, Communities and warfare, 700-1400 (London: Hambledon, 2000)

Ryan Lavelle and Simon Roffey, ed. Danes in Wessex : the Scandinavian impact on southern England, c.800-c.1100 (Oxford, 2015), chs. 7, 9

The Anglo-Saxon chronicle : a revised translation , trans. by Dorothy Whitelock, with D.C. Douglas and Susie Tucker, rev. edn (London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1961)

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Law in later Anglo-Saxon England and the post-Conquest period:

Patrick Wormald, The making of English law : King Alfred to the twelfth century , I (Blackwell: Oxford, 1999)

Patrick Wormald, Legal culture in the early medieval West : law as text, image and experience (London: Hambledon, 1999)

M.K. Lawson, ‘Archbishop Wulfstan and the homiletic element in the laws of Aethelred II and Cnut’, English historical review. , 107 (1992)

Pauline Stafford, ‘The laws of Cnut and the history of Anglo-Saxon royal promises’, Anglo-Saxon England. , 10 (1981)

T.B. Lambert, ‘Theft, homicide and crime in late Anglo-Saxon law’, Past & present. , 214 (2012), 3-43

T.B. Lambert and D. Rollason, ed. Peace and protection in the Middle Ages (Toronto: PIMS, 2009)

J.P. Gates and N. Marafioti, ed. Capital and corporal punishment in Anglo-Saxon England (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2014), esp. chs. 9-10

B. O’Brien, God's peace and king's peace : the laws of Edward the Confessor (Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999)

S. Jurasinski, L. Oliver and A. Rabin, ed. English law before Magna Carta : Felix Liebermann and Die Gesetze der Angelsachsen (Leiden: Brill, 2010), esp. Rabin and Karn

J. Hudson, The formation of the English common law : law and society in England from the Norman conquest to Magna Carta (Longman: Harlow, 1996): very readable and solid introduction to topic

For translations of law codes see

English historical documents , I, ed. by Dorothy Whitelock, 2nd edn (London: Eyre Methuen, 1979)

The laws of the kings of England from Edmund to Henry I , ed. and trans. by A.J. Robertson (Cambridge: CUP, 1925)

The political writings of Archbishop Wulfstan of York, tr. Andrew Rabin (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2015): some law and much else besides

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Cnut and the Danes

The best starting points are the books by Lawson below and also Stafford, Unification and conquest : a political and social history of England in the tenth and eleventh centuries , ch. 4

M.K. Lawson, Cnut : the Danes in England in the early eleventh century (London: Longman, 1993)

M.K. Lawson, Cnut : England's viking king, 1016-35 (Stroud: History Press, 2011)

Alexander Rumble ed. The reign of Cnut : King of England, Denmark and Norway (Leicester: Leicester UP, 1993)

Pauline Stafford, Queen Emma and Queen Edith : queenship and women's power in eleventh-century England (Oxford: Blackwell, 1997)

Encomium Emmae Reginae , ed. by Alistair Campbell, with new intro. by Simon Keynes (Cambridge: CUP for RHistS, 1998)

Frank Barlow, The Godwins: the Rise and Fall of a Noble Dynasty (Harlow: Pearson Longman, 2002)

N. Hooper, ‘The housecarls in England in the eleventh century’, Anglo-Norman Studies VII: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1984 , ed. R. Allan Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1985) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

M.K. Lawson, ‘The collection of Danegeld’, English historical review. , 99 (1984)

Note also the debate between Lawson and Gillingham on taxation in English historical review. , 104-5 (1989-90)

Ryan Lavelle and Simon Roffey, ed. Danes in Wessex : the Scandinavian impact on southern England, c.800-c.1100 (Oxford, 2015), chs. 10-12

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Towns

The best starting point is the section on towns in J. Crick and E. van Houts, ed. A social history of England, 900-1200 (Cambridge: CUP, 2011)

David Palliser, ed. The Cambridge urban history of Britain , I, 600-1540 (Cambridge: CUP, 2000): over twenty contributors provide chapters on separate themes in urban history, split into 650-1300 and 1300-1540 periods, on London and on towns in different regions.

Victoria County History : among much else here note the excellent volumes onGloucester ( The Victoria history of the county of Gloucester. IV , ed. N.M. Herbert (Oxford: OUP, 1988)) and on Chester ( A history of the county of Chester , V: The City of Chester , ed. A.T. Thacker and C.P. Lewis, pt 1 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2003) ).

Martin Biddle, ed. Winchester in the early Middle Ages : an edition and discussion of the Winton Domesday (Oxford: Clarendon, 1976)

Martin Biddle, articles on Winchester in Domesday studies : papers read at the Novocentenary Conference of the Royal Historical Society and the Institute of British Geographers, Winchester, 1986 , ed. by J.C. Holt (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987) and in Tenth-century studies : essays in commemoration of the millennium of the Council of Winchester and 'Regularis Concordia' , ed. by David Parsons (London: Phillimore, 1975)

Nigel Baker and Richard Holt, Urban growth and the medieval church : Gloucester and Worcester (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2004)

Richard Holt, ‘The urban transformation in England, 900-1100’, in Anglo-Norman Studies XXXII: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 2009 , ed. by C.P. Lewis (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2010) EBook available

Robin Fleming, ‘Rural élites and urban communities in late-Saxon England’, Past & present. , 141 (1993)

David Palliser, Domesday York , Borthwick Papers, no. 78 (York: Borthwick Institute, 1990)

David Palliser, Medieval York : 600-1540 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014)

Sarah Rees Jones, York : the making of a city, 1068-1350 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013)

Pamela Nightingale, ‘The origin of the Court of Husting and Danish influence on London’s development into a capital city’, English historical review. , 102 (1987)

D.A. Hinton, Archaeology, economy and society : England from the fifth to the fifteenth century (London: Seaby, 1990) - very useful basic introduction to the archaeological evidence

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The English Church 1000-1066:

John Blair, The church in Anglo-Saxon society (Oxford: OUP, 2005): the best starting point, and the best book on pastoral care

Frank Barlow, The English Church, 1000-1066 : a history of the later Anglo-Saxon church , 2nd edn (London: Longman, 1979): the best introduction to the people and the politics

N.P. Brooks, The early history of the Church of Canterbury : Christ Church from 597 to 1066 (Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1984), esp. pp. 287-310 on the archbishops of Canterbury and their political role 1016-66

Matthew Townend, ed. Wulfstan, archbishop of York : the proceedings of the second Alcuin Conference (Turnhout: Brepols, 2004): a set of essays on the main drafter ofearly eleventh-century law codes

M.F. Smith, ‘Archbishop Stigand and the eye of the needle’, Anglo-Norman Studies XVI: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1993 , ed. by Marjorie Chibnall (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1994)

Tom Licence, 'Robert of Jumieges, archbishop in exile (1052-5)', Anglo-Saxon England. , 42 (2013), 311-29

M.F. Giandrea, Episcopal culture in late Anglo-Saxon England (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2007)

Francesca Tinti, ed. Pastoral care in late Anglo-Saxon England (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2005)

Francesca Tinti, Sustaining belief : the church of Worcester from c.870 to c.1100 (Farnham: Ashgate, 2010)

S. Foot, Veiled women , 2 vols (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000): vol. 2 (on nunneries)

Pauline Stafford, ‘Cherchez la femme: queens, queens’ lands and nunneries: missing links in the foundation of Reading abbey’, History. , 85 (2000), 4-27

Julia Barrow, ‘English cathedral communities’, in Anglo-Norman Durham, 1093-1193 , ed. by David Rollason, Margaret Harvey and Michael Prestwich (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1994)

Victoria Thompson, Dying and death in later Anglo-Saxon England (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2004)

Minsters and parish churches : the local church in transition, 950-1200 , ed. by John Blair (Oxford: OUCA, 1988)

John Blair, chapters in Domesday Book : a reassessment , ed. P.H. Sawyer (London: Arnold, 1985) and in Domesday studies : papers read at the Novocentenary Conference of the Royal Historical Society and the Institute of British Geographers, Winchester, 1986 , ed. J.C. Holt (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987)

Gervase Rosser, ‘The cure of souls in English towns before 1000’, in John Blair and Richard Sharpe, ed. Pastoral care before the parish (Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1992): contrary to the title this contains a fair amount about the eleventh century

Helen Gittos, Liturgy, architecture, and sacred places in Anglo-Saxon England (Oxford: OUP, 2013)

Richard Gem, Book of St Augustine's Abbey , English Heritage (London: Batsford, 1997)

Janet Backhouse, ed. The Golden age of Anglo-Saxon art 966-1066 (London: British Museum, 1984)

T.A. Heslop, ‘The production of de luxe manuscripts and the patronage of King Cnut and Queen Emma’, Anglo-Saxon England. , 19 (1990)

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Edward the Confessor: Court, Kingship and Earls:

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Edward and Edith:

Frank Barlow, Edward the Confessor , rev. edn (New Haven CT: Yale UP, 1997)

Richard Mortimer, ed. Edward the Confessor : the man and the legend (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2009)

Frank Barlow, ed. The life of King Edward who rests at Westminster 2nd edn (Oxford: Clarendon, 1992; for comment, seeElisabeth van Houts, ‘The Flemish contribution to biographical writing in England in the eleventh century’, in Writing medieval biography 750-1250 : essays in honour of Professor Frank Barlow , ed. by David Bates, Julia Crick and Sarah Hamilton (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2006), 111-28; E.M. Tyler, ‘The Vita Ædwardi : the politics of poetry at Wilton abbey’, Anglo-Norman Studies XXXI: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 2008 EBook available , ed. by C.P. Lewis (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2009), and articles by Summerson and Keynes and Love in Anglo-Saxon England. , 38 (2010), and by Tom Licence in Anglo-Saxon England., 44 (2015)

Pauline Stafford, ‘Edith ..’ in Edward the Confessor : the man and the legend , ed. by Richard Mortimer (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2009)

Pauline Stafford, Queen Emma and Queen Edith : queenship and women's power in eleventh-century England (Oxford: Blackwell, 1997)

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Earls:

Frank Barlow, The Godwins : the rise and fall of a noble dynasty (Harlow: Pearson Longman, 2002)

Stephen Baxter, The earls of Mercia : lordship and power in late Anglo-Saxon England (Oxford: OUP, 2007) – this book is excellent on how political systems worked in late Anglo-Saxon England, especially on lordship and commendation

Stephen Baxter, ‘MS C of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and the politics of mid eleventh-century England’, English historical review. , 122 (2007), 1189-1227: important for the politics of Edward's reign

Alexander Rumble ed. The reign of Cnut : King of England, Denmark and Norway (Leicester: Leicester UP, 1993), article by Simon Keynes (for earls under Cnut) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

R.A. Fletcher, Bloodfeud : murder and revenge in Anglo-Saxon England (London, 2002)

Ann Williams, The world before Domesday : the English aristocracy 900-1066 (London: Continuum, 2008)

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Kingship, ceremony and ritual from the tenth century to 1135:

J.L. Nelson, Politics and ritual in early medieval Europe (London: Hambledon, 1986); in this volumeNelson's article‘The rites of the Conqueror’, was originally published in Anglo-Norman Studies IV , ed. by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1982)

Martin Biddle, ‘Seasonal festivals and residence: Winchester, Westminster and Gloucester in the tenth to twelfth centuries’, Anglo-Norman Studies VIII: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1985 , ed. by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1986), 51-72

Julia Barrow, ‘Demonstrative behaviour and political communication in later Anglo-Saxon England’, Anglo-Saxon England. , 36 (2007)

Mary Clayton, ‘The Old English promissio regis ’, Anglo-Saxon England. , 37, 2008

H.E.J. Cowdrey, ‘The Anglo-Norman Laudes Regiae ’, Viator. , 12 (1981)

George Garnett, ‘Coronation and propaganda’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. , 5th ser., 36 (1986)

Nicole Marafioti, The king's body : burial and succession in late Anglo-Saxon England (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2014)

P. Stafford, ‘The king’s wife in Wessex 800-1066’, Past and Present , 91 (1981); also note her Queen Emma and Queen Edith : queenship and women's power in eleventh-century England (Oxford: Blackwell, 1997)

Encomium Emmae Reginae , ed. by Alistair Campbell, with new intro. by Simon Keynes (Cambridge: CUP for RHistS, 1998)

P. Stafford, ‘The portrayal of royal women in England, mid-tenth to mid-twelfth centuries’, in Medieval queenship , ed. by J.C. Parsons (Stroud: Sutton, 1994)

Marc Meyer, ‘The Queen’s demesne in later Anglo-Saxon England’, in The Culture of Christendom : essays in medieval history in memory of Denis L.T. Bethel , ed. by Marc Meyer (London: Hambledon, 1993)

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The three battles of 1066: how war was waged in the eleventh century:

Good starting points are Morillo's book and, for general background,ch. 3 of Bartlett's The making of Europe : conquest, colonization and cultural change, 950-1350

Stephen Morillo, ed. The Battle of Hastings : sources and interpretations (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1996): a collection of medieval sources and modern interpretations

Nicholas Brooks, Communities and warfare, 700-1400 (London: Hambledon, 2000)

Matthew Strickland, ‘Military technology and conquest: the anomaly of Anglo-Saxon England’, in Anglo-Norman Studies XIX: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1996 , ed. by Christopher Harper-Bill (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1997)

Nicholas Hooper, ‘Anglo-Saxon warfare on the eve of the Conquest’, Anglo-Norman Studies I: Proceedings of the Battle Conference on Anglo-Norman studies, I, 1978 , ed. by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1979)

Richard Abels, Lordship and military obligation in Anglo-Saxon England (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1988)

Richard Abels, 'Bookland and fyrd service in late Saxon England', in Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1985 , ed. R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1985) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Kelly DeVries, The Norwegian invasion of England in 1066 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1999)

Robert Bartlett, The making of Europe : conquest, colonization and cultural change, 950-1350 (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1994), esp. ch. 3

Matthew Strickland, Armies, chivalry and warfare in medieval Britain and France : proceedings of the 1995 Harlaxton Symposium (Stamford: Paul Watkins, 1998)

Matthew Strickland, War and chivalry : the conduct and perception of war in England and Normandy, 1066-1217 (Cambridge: CUP, 1996)

Matthew Strickland, ed. Anglo-Norman warfare : studies in late Anglo-Saxon and Anglo-Norman military organization and warfare (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1992)

M.K. Lawson, ‘Observations upon a scene in the Bayeux Tapestry, the Battle of Hastings and the military system of the late Anglo-Saxon State’, in J.R. Maddicott and D.M. Palliser, ed. The medieval state : essays presented to James Campbell (London: Hambledon, 2000)

M. Bennett, ‘Violence in eleventh-century Normandy: feud, warfare and politics’, in Guy Halsall, ed. Violence and society in the early medieval West (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1998)

M. Strickland, ‘Slaughter, slavery or ransom: the impact of the Conquest on conduct in warfare’, in C. Hicks, ed. England in the eleventh century : proceedings of the 1990 Harlaxton Symposium (Stamford: Paul Watkins, 1992)

J. Gillingham, ‘William the Bastard at war’, repd in The Battle of Hastings : sources and interpretations , ed. by Stephen Morillo (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1996)

Ian Peirce, ‘Arms, armour and warfare in the eleventh century’, Anglo-Norman Studies X: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1987 , ed. R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1988) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

J. Bradbury, ‘Battles in England and Normandy 1066-1154’, Anglo-Norman Studies VI: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1983 , ed. R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1984), 1-12 EBook available

M. Bennett, ‘Wace and warfare’, Anglo-Norman Studies XI: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1988 , (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1989) (about whether the 12th c. historian Wace was knowledgeable about earlier fighting techniques) EBook available

J. Kiff, ‘Images of war...’ Anglo-Norman Studies VII: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1984 , ed. R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1985) (about interpreting 11th c. pictures of warfare)

Marjorie Chibnall, ‘Military service in Normandy before 1066’, in Anglo-Norman Studies V: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1982 , ed. by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1983) EBook available

John Gillingham, ‘The introduction of knight-service into England’, Anglo-Norman Studies IV: Proceedings of the Battle Conference on Anglo-Norman studies, IV, 1981 , ed. by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1982) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

J.C. Holt, ‘The introduction of knight service in England’, Anglo-Norman Studies VI: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1983 , ed. by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1984)

Nicholas Brooks, 'The archbishopric of Canterbury and the so-called introduction of knight-service into England', in Anglo-Norman Studies XXXIV: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 2011 , ed. by David Bates (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2012)

E.A.R. Brown, ‘The tyranny of a construct: feudalism and historians of medieval Europe’, The American historical review. , 79 (1974)

Richard Abels, 'The historiography of a construct: "Feudalism" and the medieval historian', History compass. , 7 (2009), 1008-31

The Carmen de Hastingae Proelio of Guy, Bishop of Amiens, ed. and tr. Frank Barlow (Oxford: OUP, 1999) [revised edition of Morton and Muntz's edition]

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Bayeux Tapestry:

For editions of the Bayeux Tapestry, see F.M. Stenton, ed. The Bayeux Tapestry : a comprehensive survey (London: Phaidon, 1957); C.H. Gibbs-Smith, ed. The Bayeux Tapestry (London: Phaidon, 1973); David Wilson, ed. The Bayeux Tapestry : the complete tapestry in colour (London: Thames and Hudson, 1985)

For interpretations of the Bayeux Tapestry see:

Richard Gameson, ed. The study of the Bayeux Tapestry (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1997)

G.R. Owen-Crocker, ed. King Harold II and the Bayeux Tapestry (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2005)

M.J. Lewis, The archaeological authority of the Bayeux Tapestry (London: Hedges, 2005)

George Beech, Was the Bayeux tapestry made in France? : the case for St. Florent of Saumur (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2005)

N.P. Brooks and H.E. Walker, ‘The authority and interpretation of the Bayeux Tapestry’, Anglo-Norman Studies I: Proceedings of the Battle Conference on Anglo-Norman studies, I, 1978 ed. by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1979)

S.A. Brown, ‘The Bayeux Tapestry: why Eustace, Odo and William? ’, Anglo-Norman Studies XII: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1989 , ed. by Marjorie Chibnall (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1990) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

H.B. Clarke, 'The identity of the designer of the Bayeux Tapestry', Anglo-Norman Studies XXXV: Proceedings of the Battle Conference, 2012 , ed. by David Bates (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2013), 119-40 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

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The Norman establishment: William I and William II:

See items by Harper-Bill and van Houts, Clanchy, Gillingham, Morris, Thomas and Bates in General Books section above

Marjorie Chibnall, Anglo-Norman England 1066-1166 (Oxford: Blackwell, 1986) – explains administrative developments

Robert Bartlett, England under the Norman and Angevin kings, 1075-1225 (Oxford: OUP, 2000)

Frank Barlow, William I and the Norman Conquest (London: English Universities Press, 1965)

Frank Barlow, The Norman Conquest and beyond (London: Hambledon, 1983): collected essays, including some on the Norman Conquest

Ann Williams, The English and the Norman Conquest (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1995), esp. chs. 4-5

Hugh Thomas, The English and the Normans : ethnic hostility, assimilation, and identity 1066-c.1220 (Oxford: OUP, 2003)

David Bates, ‘The land pleas of William I’s reign’, Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research. , 51 (1978)

George Garnett, ‘Franci et Angli: the legal distinction between people after the Conquest’ Anglo-Norman Studies VIII: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1985 1986

George Garnett, Conquered England : kingship, succession and tenure, 1066-1166 (Oxford: OUP, 2007)

David Bates, ‘Odo of Bayeux’, Speculum. , 50 (1975)

John Le Patourel, ‘Geoffrey de Mowbray, bishop of Coutances, 1049-1093’, English historical review. , 59 (1944)

C.P. Lewis, ‘The early earls of Norman England’, Anglo-Norman Studies XIII: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1990 , ed. by Marjorie Chibnall (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1991) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

William Aird, Robert Curthose, Duke of Normandy, c. 1050-1134 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2008)

William Aird, ‘Frustrated masculinity: the relationship between William the Conqueror and his eldest son’, in Masculinity in medieval Europe , ed. D.M. Hadley (Harlow, 1999)

Frank Barlow, William Rufus (London, 1983)

W.L. Warren, ‘The death of William Rufus’, History today. , 9 (1959), 22-9

R.W. Southern, ‘Ranulf Flambard’, in his Medieval humanism, and other studies (Oxford, 1970) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

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Castles:

Robert Liddiard, ed. Anglo-Norman castles (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2003)

D.F. Renn, Norman castles in Britain (London: Baker, 1968)

D.F. Renn, ‘A gonfanon and a burhgeat …’, in Anglo-Norman Studies XVI: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1993 , Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva , ed. by Marjorie Chibnall (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1994), repd in Anglo-Norman castles , ed. by Robert Liddiard (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2003)

C. Coulson, Castles in medieval society : fortresses in England, France, and Ireland in the central Middle Ages (Oxford: OUP, 2003)

C. Coulson, ‘Cultural realities and reappraisals in English castle-study’, Journal of Medieval History. , 22 (1996)

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Normandy in the eleventh century:

David Bates, Normandy before 1066 (London: Longman, 1982)

Nick Webber, The evolution of Norman identity, 911-1154 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2005)

David Bates, ‘Normandy and England after 1066’, English historical review. , 104 (1989)

David Bates, ‘The rise and fall of Normandy c.911-1204’, in England and Normandy in the Middle Ages , ed. David Bates and Anne Curry (London: Hambledon, 1994)

John Le Patourel, ‘The Norman succession 896-1125’, English historical review. , 86 (1971)

Leonie Hicks and Elma Brenner, ed. Society and culture in medieval Rouen, 911-1300 (Turnhout: Brepols, 2013)

Leonie Hicks, Religious life in Normandy, 1050-1300 : space, gender and social pressure (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2007)

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The Normans and the North of England:

A good starting point is Fletcher, Bloodfeud : murder and revenge in Anglo-Saxon England (see general items above)

David Rollason, Northumbria, 500-1100 : creation and destruction of a medieval kingdom (Cambridge: CUP, 2003)

W.M. Aird, St Cuthbert and the Normans : the Church of Durham, 1071-1153 (Woodbridge; Boydell, 1998)

David Rollason, ‘Symeon of Durham and the community of Durham in the eleventh century’, in Carola Hicks, ed. England in the eleventh century : proceedings of the 1990 Harlaxton Symposium (Stamford: Paul Watkins, 1992)

David Rollason, ed. tr. Symeon of Durham, Libellus de exordio atque procursu istius, hoc est Dunhelmensis, ecclesie = Tract on the origins and progress of this the Church of Durham (Oxford: Clarendon, 2000)

David Rollason, Margaret Harvey and Michael Prestwich, ed. Anglo-Norman Durham, 1093-1193 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1994)

C.J. Morris, Marriage and murder in eleventh-century Northumbria : a study of "De obsessione Dunelmi" , Borthwick Papers, 82 (York: Borthwick Institute, 1992)

Janet Cooper, The last four Anglo-Saxon archbishops of York , Borthwick Papers, 38 (York: St Anthony’s Press, 1970)

David Palliser, Domesday York , Borthwick Papers, 78 (York: Borthwick Institute, 1990)

David Palliser, Medieval York : 600-1540 (Oxford: OUP, 2014)

David Rollason et al., The Archaeology of York I: Sources for York history to AD 1100 (York: York Archaeological Trust, 1998)

Sarah Speight, ‘Violence and the creation of sociopolitical order in post-Conquest Yorkshire’, in Guy Halsall, ed. Violence and society in the early medieval West (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1998)

William Kapelle, The Norman Conquest of the North (London: Croom Helm, 1979)

G.W.S. Barrow, ‘The Anglo-Scottish Border’, Northern history. , 1 (1966)

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Debate on the Harrying of the North

W.E. Wightman, ‘The significance of “waste” in the Yorkshire Domesday’, Northern history. , 10 (1975)

David Roffe, ‘Domesday Book and northern society: a reassessment’, English historical review. , 105 (1990)

David Palliser, ‘Domesday Book and the Harrying of the North’, Northern history. , 29 (1993)

John Palmer, ‘War and Domesday waste’, in Armies, chivalry and warfare in medieval Britain and France : proceedings of the 1995 Harlaxton Symposium , ed. by Matthew Strickland (Stamford: Paul Watkins, 1998)

Paul Dalton, Conquest, anarchy and lordship : Yorkshire, 1066-1154 (Cambridge: CUP, 1994)

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Domesday Book and Society:

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Domesday Book: its compilation and purposes:

Best starting pointis Marjorie Chibnall, Anglo-Norman England 1066-1166 (Oxford: Blackwell, 1986), pp. 105-15

Domesday book : a complete translation , ed. by Ann Williams and G.H. Martin (London: Penguin, 2002): one of several available translations

J.C. Holt, ed. Domesday studies : papers read at the Novocentenary Conference of the Royal Historical Society and the Institute of British Geographers, Winchester, 1986 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987): especially Holt, Harvey and Reynolds

P.H. Sawyer, ed. Domesday Book : a reassessment (London: Arnold, 1985): in this volume, H.B. Clarke's article is an excellent introduction to how Domesday was compiled

H.C. Darby, Domesday England (Cambridge: CUP, 1977): Domesday as a source for historical geography

V.H. Galbraith, The making of Domesday Book. (Oxford: Clarendon, 1961)

David Roffe, Domesday : the inquest and the book (Oxford: OUP, 2000)

David Roffe, Decoding Domesday (Oxford: OUP, 2007)

Sally Harvey, Domesday : book of judgement (Oxford: OUP, 2014)

Robin Fleming, ‘Oral testimony and the Domesday inquest’, Anglo-Norman Studies XVII: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1994 , ed. by Christopher Harper-Bill (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1995) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Robin Fleming, Domesday Book and the law : society and legal custom in early medieval England (Cambridge: CUP, 1998)

Patrick Wormald, ‘Domesday lawsuits’, in England in the eleventh century : proceedings of the 1990 Harlaxton Symposium , ed. by C. Hicks (Stamford: Paul Watkins, 1992)

C.P. Lewis, 'The invention of the manor in Norman England', Proceedings of the Battle Conference 2011 , ed. David Bates (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2012)

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Society:

Best starting point is Julia Crick and Elisabeth van Houts, A social history of England, 900-1200 (Cambridge: CUP, 2011)

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What happened to the English:

Ann Williams, The English and the Norman Conquest (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1995)

Ann Williams, The world before Domesday : the English aristocracy 900-1066 (London: Continuum, 2008)

Anglo-Saxons : studies presented to Cyril Roy Hart, ed. Simon Keynes and Alfred P. Smyth (Dublin: Four Courts, 2006), articles by Pauline Stafford (on the interest in women taken by version D of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle post-Conquest) and by Ann Williams (on transfer of lands from Anglo-Saxon to Norman landlords in Suffolk post-Conquest) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

And on the Welsh in the eleventh century note articles by C.P. Lewis and D. Thornton in Britons in Anglo-Saxon England, ed. Nick Higham (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2007)

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Women, family, marriage and wills:

Pauline Stafford, Unification and conquest : a political and social history of England in the tenth and eleventh centuries (London: Arnold, 1989), chapter 10

Julia Crick, ‘Women, posthumous benefaction and family strategy in pre-Conquest England’, The journal of British studies. , 38 (1999)

Julie Mumby, ‘The descent of family land in later Anglo-Saxon England’, Historical research. , 84 (2011)

Pauline Stafford, ‘Women and the Norman Conquest’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. , 6th series, 4 (1994)

Eleanor Searle, ‘Women and the legitimation of succession at the Norman Conquest’, Anglo-Norman Studies III: Proceedings of the Battle Conference on Anglo-Norman studies, III, 1980 , ed. by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1981) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Elisabeth van Houts, ‘Intermarriage in eleventh-century England’, in Normandy and its neighbours, 900-1250 : essays for David Bates , ed. by David Crouch and Kathleen Thompson (Turnhout: Brepols, 2011)

Elisabeth van Houts, ‘Family, marriage, kinship’, and ‘Intermarriage’, in A social history of England, 900-1200 , ed. Julia Crick and Elisabeth van Houts (Cambridge, 2011), pp. 133-41, 247-55 (available on-line from library catalogue)

Elisabeth van Houts, 'The women of Bury St Edmunds', in Bury St Edmunds and the Norman Conquest , ed. Tom Licence (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2014)

Linda Tollerton, Wills and will-making in Anglo-Saxon England (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2011)

Dorothy Whitelock, ed. and tr. Anglo-Saxon wills (Cambridge: CUP, 1930)

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Knights and knight service:

Peter Coss, The knight in medieval England, 1000-1400 (Far Thrupp: Sutton, 1993)

Sally Harvey, ‘The knight and the knight’s fee in England’, Past & present. , 49 (1970)

R. Allen Brown, ‘The status of the Norman knight’, in War and government in the Middle Ages : essays in honour of J.O. Prestwich , ed. by John Gillingham and J.C. Holt (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1984)

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Lanfranc and the post-Conquest English Church:

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Bishops and clergy:

H.E.J. Cowdrey, Lanfranc : scholar, monk, and archbishop (Oxford: OUP, 2003)

M.T. Gibson, Lanfranc of Bec (Oxford: Clarendon, 1978)

Emma Mason, St Wulfstan of Worcester c.1008-1095 (Oxford: Blackwell, 1990)

J. Barrow and N. Brooks, ed. St. Wulfstan and his world (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2005)

William of Malmesbury, Saints' lives : lives of SS. Wulfstan, Dunstan, Patrick, Benignus and Indract , ed. and trans. by R. Thomson and M. Winterbottom (Oxford: Clarendon, 2002): contains William of Malmesbury’s Life of Wulfstan

Simon Keynes, ‘Giso, bishop of Wells’, Anglo-Norman Studies XIX: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1996 , ed. by Christopher Harper-Bill (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1997) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Simon Keynes, ‘Regenbald the chancellor (sic)’, Anglo-Norman Studies X: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1987 , , ed. by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1988)

Henry Loyn, ‘William’s bishops: some further thoughts’, Anglo-Norman Studies X: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1987 , , ed. by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1988)

M. Ruud, ‘Monks in the world: the case of Gundulf of Rochester’, Anglo-Norman Studies XI: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1988 , ed by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1989)

Julia Barrow, ‘A Lotharingian in Hereford: Bishop Robert’ in Medieval art, architecture, and archaeology at Hereford , ed. by David Whitehead (London: British Archaeological Association, 1995)

Julia Barrow, ‘What happened to ecclesiastical charters 1066-1100? ’, in Myth, rulership, church and charters : essays in honour of Nicholas Brooks , ed. J. Barrow and A. Wareham (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2008)

David Bates, Bishop Remigius of Lincoln 1067-1092 (Lincoln: Honywood Press, 1992)

R.W. Southern, Saint Anselm : a portrait in a landscape (Cambridge: CUP, 1990)

J.O. Prestwich, 'The career of Ranulf Flambard', in Anglo-Norman Durham, 1093-1193 , ed., David Rollason, Margaret Harvey and Michael Prestwich (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1994) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

R.W. Southern, 'Ranulf Flambard' in R.W. Southern, Medieval humanism, and other studies (Oxford: Blackwell, 1970)

Martin Brett, The English Church under Henry I (London: OUP, 1975)

E.J. Kealey, Roger of Salisbury, Viceroy of England (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972)

Julia Barrow, The clergy in the medieval world : secular clerics, their families and careers in north-western Europe, c. 800-c. 1200 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015)

Hugh Thomas, The secular clergy in England, 1066-1216 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014)

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Monks, nuns, hermits and recluses:

A good starting point is the summary of the situation by Janet Burton, Monastic and religious orders in Britain 1000-1300 (Cambridge: CUP, 1994): chapter 2

Janet Burton, The monastic order in Yorkshire, 1069-1215 (Cambridge: CUP, 1999)

England and Normandy in the Middle Ages , ed. by David Bates and Anne Curry (London: Hambledon, 1994): articles by Cownie, Gazeau and Loyn

Emma Cownie, Religious patronage in Anglo-Norman England, 1066-1135 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1998)

Pauline Stafford, ‘Cherchez la femme: queens, queens’ lands and nunneries: missing links in the foundation of Reading abbey’, History. , 85 (2000), 4-27

David Rollason, Margaret Harvey and Michael Prestwich, ed. Anglo-Norman Durham, 1093-1193 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1994): articles by J. Burton and M. Foster

Marjorie Chibnall, The world of Orderic Vitalis (Oxford: Clarendon, 1984)

Tom Licence, Hermits and recluses in English society, 950-1200 (Oxford: OUP, 2011)

Goscelin of St Bertin, The book of encouragement and consolation (Liber confortatorius) , trans. by Monika Otter (Cambridge: Brewer, 2004); for a variant translation see also Stephanie Hollis with W.R. Barnes, ed. Writing the Wilton women : Goscelin's Legend of Edith and Liber confortatorius (Turnhout: Brepols, 2004)

The life of Christina of Markyate , trans. by C.H. Talbot, rev. by Samuel Fanous and Henrietta Leyser (Oxford: OUP, 2008), pp. 3-19

Christina of Markyate : a twelfth-century holy woman , ed. by Samuel Fanous and Henrietta Leyser (London: Routledge, 2005)

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Saints' cults:

R.W. Pfaff, ‘Lanfranc’s supposed purge of the Anglo-Saxon calendar’, in Warriors and churchmen in the high Middle Ages : essays presented to Karl Leyser , ed. by Timothy Reuter (London: Hambledon, 1992)

Susan Ridyard, ‘Condigna veneratio: post-conquest attitudes to the saints of the Anglo-Saxons’, Anglo-Norman Studies IX: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1986 , ed. by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987) EBook available

P.A. Hayward, ‘Translation narratives in post-Conquest hagiography and English resistance to the Norman Conquest’, Anglo-Norman Studies XXI: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1998 , ed. by Christopher Harper-Bill (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1999) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

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Architecture:

Eric Fernie, Romanesque architecture : the first style of the European age (New Haven CT: Yale UP 2014)

R. Gem, ‘The Romanesque cathedral of Winchester’ in Medieval art and architecture at Winchester Cathedral. , British Archaeological Association (Leeds: Maney, 1983)

Richard Gem, Book of St Augustine's Abbey , English Heritage (London: Batsford, 1997)

English romanesque art, 1066-1200 : Hayward Gallery, London, 5 April-8 July 1984 , ed. by George Zarnecki and others (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1984)

Sarah Macready and F.H. Thompson, ed. Art and patronage in the English Romanesque (London: Society of Antiquaries, 1987)

David Rollason, Margaret Harvey and Michael Prestwich, ed. Anglo-Norman Durham, 1093-1193 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1994): articles by Thurlby, Crook, Fernie

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Henry I:

J.A. Green, Henry I : King of England and Duke of Normandy (Cambridge: CUP, 2006)

C. Warren Hollister, Henry I , ed. by A. C. Frost (New Haven, CT: Yale UP, 2001)

C. Warren Hollister, Monarchy, magnates and institutions in the Anglo-Norman world (London: Hambledon, 1986)

J.A. Green, The government of England under Henry I (Cambridge: CUP, 1986)

J.A. Green, ‘Henry I and the aristocracy of Normandy’, in La "France anglaise" au moyen âge : colloque des historiens médiévistes français et britanniques. (Paris: CTHS, 1988), 161-73

J.A. Green, ‘David I and Henry I’, Scottish Historical Review , 75 (1996), 1-19 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

J.A. Green, ‘The piety and patronage of Henry I’, Haskins Society Journal , 10 (2001), 1-16 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

J.O. Prestwich, ‘The military household of the Norman kings’, English historical review. , 96 (1981)

J.O. Prestwich, ‘War and finance in the Anglo-Norman state’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. , 5th series, 4 (1954)

R.W. Southern, ‘The place of Henry I in English history’, Proceedings of the British Academy. , 48 (1962), 127-69

Michael Clanchy, From Memory to Written Record , 3rd edn (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013)

Richard Sharpe, ‘Address and delivery in Anglo-Norman royal charters’, in Charters and charter scholarship in Britain and Ireland , ed. M.T. Flanagan and J.A. Green (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005)

Lois L. Huneycutt, Matilda of Scotland : a study in medieval queenship (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2003)

J.A. Green, The aristocracy of Norman England (Cambridge: CUP, 1997)

Robin Fleming, Kings and lords in Conquest England (Cambridge: CUP, 1991)

David Crouch, ‘Normans and Anglo-Normans: a divided aristocracy? ’ in England and Normandy in the Middle Ages , ed. David Bates and Anne Curry (London: Hambledon, 1984), 51-67

David Crouch, The Beaumont twins : the roots and branches of power in the twelfth century (Cambridge: CUP, 1986)

David Crouch, ‘Robert of Gloucester’s mother and sexual politics in Norman Oxfordshire’, Historical research. , 72 (1999), 323-33

Kathleen Thompson, ‘Affairs of state: the illegitimate children of Henry I’, Journal of Medieval History. , 29 (2003), 129-51

Marjorie Chibnall, ‘Mercenaries and the Familia Regis under Henry I’, History. , 62 (1977), 15-23

Marjorie Chibnall, The Empress Matilda. Queen Consort, Queen Mother and Lady of the English (Oxford: Blackwell, 1991)

S. Mooers Christelow, ‘Patronage in the Pipe Roll of 1130’, Speculum. , 59 (1984), 284-307

S. Mooers Christelow, ‘A moveable feast? Itineration and the centralization of government under Henry I’, Albion. , 28 (1996), 187-228

R.R. Davies, The first English empire : power and identities in the British Isles, 1093-1343 (Oxford: OUP, 2000)

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The Twelfth-Century Historians:

Best starting point is Elisabeth van Houts, 'Historical writing', in A companion to the Anglo-Norman world , ed. by Christopher Harper-Bill and Elisabeth van Houts (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2002)

R.W. Southern, 'The sense of the past', Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. , 5th ser. 23 (1973): a must-read

Ann Williams, The English and the Norman Conquest (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1995), ch. 7

Elisabeth van Houts, ‘The memory of 1066 in written and oral traditions’, Anglo-Norman Studies XIX: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1996 , ed. by Christopher Harper-Bill (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1997)

Elisabeth van Houts, ‘The Norman Conquest through European eyes’, English historical review. , 110 (1995)

Martin Brett and David Woodman, ed. The long twelfth-century view of the Anglo-Saxon past (Farnham: Ashgate, 2015)

Monika Otter, Inventiones : fiction and referentiality in twelfth-century English historical writing (Chapel Hill, NC, 1996)

Nancy Partner, ed. Writing medieval history (London: Hodder Arnold, 2005)

Laura Ashe, Fiction and history in England, 1066-1200 (Cambridge: CUP, 2007)

James Campbell, ‘Some twelfth-century views of the Anglo-Saxon past’, in his Essays in Anglo-Saxon history

Julia Crick, ‘St Albans, Westminster and some twelfth-century views of the Anglo-Saxon past’, Anglo-Norman Studies XXV: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 2002 , ed. by John Gillingham (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2002) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

R.M. Thomson, William of Malmesbury (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987)

J. Barrow and N. Brooks, ed. St. Wulfstan and his world (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2005), esp. articles by Orchard and Williams

William of Malmesbury, Gesta regum Anglorum = The history of the English kings , ed. and tr. R.A.B. Mynors, R.M. Thomson and M. Winterbottom, 2 vols (Oxford: Clarendon, 1998-9): vol. i = text and translation; vol. ii = notes

William of Malmesbury, Gesta pontificum Anglorum = The history of the English bishops , ed. and tr. M. Winterbottom with R.M. Thomson, 2 vols (Oxford: Clarendon, 2007): vol. i = text and translation; vol. ii = notes

Henry of Huntingdon, Historia Anglorum = The history of the English people , ed. and tr. D. Greenway (Oxford: Clarendon, 1996)

Herman the archdeacon and Goscelin of Saint-Bertin : miracles of St Edmund , ed. Tom Licence (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014)

This list was last updated on 05/01/2016