Leeds University Library

HIST2117
HIST2117 Conquerors and Conquered: England, 1000-1135

Conquerors and Conquered: England, 1000-1135, 2017/18, Semester 2
Professor Julia Barrow
j.s.barrow@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

General books on the period, especially for introductory reading. Some of them are very suitable for purchase.

Pauline Stafford, Unification and conquest : a political and social history of England in the tenth and eleventh centuries (London: Arnold, 1989)

Pauline Stafford, ed. A companion to the early Middle Ages : Britain and Ireland c.500-1100 (Chichester and Malden: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009), chs. 19-25, 27

Wendy Davies, ed. From the Vikings to the Normans (Oxford: OUP, 2003)

Christopher Harper-Bill and Elisabeth van Houts, ed. A companion to the Anglo-Norman world (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2002); covers English and Norman political, social and cultural history from c.900 to c.1200

Julia Crick and Elisabeth van Houts, A social history of England, 900-1200 (Cambridge: CUP, 2011)

Pauline Stafford, Queen Emma and Queen Edith : queenship and women's power in eleventh-century England (Oxford: Blackwell, 1997)

Frank Barlow, The Godwins: the Rise and Fall of a Noble Dynasty (Harlow: Longman, 2002)

R.A. Fletcher, Bloodfeud : murder and revenge in Anglo-Saxon England (London: Penguin, 2002)

George Garnett, The Norman conquest : a very short introduction (Oxford: OUP, 2009): very opinionated, but helps to set out the main points

John Gillingham, William II : the Red King (London: Allen Lane, 2015): manages to put across a lot of new arguments in a brief and readable overview of William II's reign

Marjorie Chibnall, The debate on the Norman Conquest (Manchester: Manchester, 1999)

Michael Clanchy, England and its rulers, 1066-1307, 3rd edn (Oxford: Blackwell, 2006) – accessible introduction to the post-Conquest period

Marc Morris, The Norman Conquest (London, 2013) - accessible introduction to the subject

Marc Morris, William I : England's conqueror (London: Allen Lane, 2016) - a brief overview of William I's life

H.M. Thomas, The Norman Conquest : England after William the Conqueror (Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2008)

David Bates, William the Conqueror ISBN: 9780300118759 (hardback) ISBN: 9780300118759 (hardback) (New Haven, CT: Yale UP, 2016): the authoritative biography of William I 

David Bates, William the Conqueror (Stroud: Tempus, 2004): an accessible introduction to the career of William I

Elisabeth van Houts, ed. and tr. The Normans in Europe (Manchester: Manchester UP, 2000) – useful collection of excerpted sources on the Normans, with excellent commentary

Top of page

Reference Works:

You will come across lots of puzzling names and terminology and also lots of places you haven’t heard of before. Here are some ways of finding out about them:

The Blackwell encyclopaedia of Anglo-Saxon England, ed. by Michael Lapidge, John Blair, Simon Keynes and Donald Scragg (Oxford: Blackwell, 1999) – this should be your first port of call for the pre-1066 period in England

For individual biographies of many of the individuals you will encounter, make good use of Oxford dictionary of national biography : from the earliest times to the year 2000, ed. H.C.G. Matthew and B. Harrison, 61 vols (Oxford: OUP, 2004). The ODNB is available on-line as well as in hard copy and you can use the on-line version to search for groups of people, e.g. kings. Often the best quick introduction to a single individual. Many relevant articles here: note especially F. Barlow, ‘Edward the Confessor’, ‘William of St Calais’, ‘E.A. Freeman’; A. Williams, ‘Godwine’, ‘Edith’ and ‘Swein’; R. Fleming, ‘Harold II’; D. Bates, ‘William I’; H.E.J. Cowdrey, ‘Stigand’, ‘Robert of Jumièges’ and ‘Lanfranc’; S. Keynes, ‘Æthelred II’, ‘Emma’; M.K. Lawson, ‘Cnut’; W.M. Aird, ‘Tostig’; E. van Houts, ‘Matilda’ [Matilda of Flanders], and many, many more.

For further information about people, try PASE ( Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England ) at www.pase.ac.uk

For the most accurate dates of English kings and bishops: Handbook of British chronology., 3rd edn, ed. E.B. Fryde (London: Royal Historical Society, 1986)

For a very good website on medieval warfare, look at www.deremilitari.org – lots of translated sources, articles and links

David Hill, An atlas of Anglo-Saxon England (Oxford: Blackwell, 1981)

Angus MacKay and David Ditchburn, ed. Atlas of medieval Europe [cartographic material], 2nd edn (London: Routledge, 2007)

Ordnance Survey, Monastic Britain [cartographic material]. (Southampton: Ordnance Survey, 1978)

Ordnance Survey, Britain before the Norman Conquest [cartographic material]. (Southampton: Ordnance Survey, 1973)

Top of page

Æthelred the Unready (978-1016)and Cnut (1016-35)

Top of page

Anglo-Saxon political organisation (general):

Pauline Stafford, Unification and conquest : a political and social history of England in the tenth and eleventh centuries (London: Arnold, 1989) (the best introduction)

Frank Merry Stenton, Anglo-Saxon England, 3rd edn (Oxford: Clarendon, 1971): goes up to 1086 – very detailed narrative

James Campbell, ed. The Anglo-Saxons (Oxford: Phaidon, 1982; reissued London: Penguin, 1991): a useful general introduction, and with plentiful, well-explained illustrations

Julia Crick and Elisabeth van Houts,ed. A social history of England, 900-1200 (Cambridge: CUP, 2011)

James Campbell, The Anglo-Saxon state (London: Hambledon, 2000)

James Campbell, ‘Some observations on English government from the tenth to the twelfth century’ in his Essays in Anglo-Saxon history (London: Hambledon, 1986)

Simon Keynes, ‘Royal government and the written word in late Anglo-Saxon England’, in The Uses of literacy in early medieval Europe [electronic resource], ed. Rosamond McKitterick (Cambridge: CUP, 1990)

G.R. Owen-Crocker and B.W. Schneider, ed. Kingship, legislation and power in Anglo-Saxon England (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2013), esp. Keynes

George Molyneaux, The formation of the English kingdom in the tenth century (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015), esp. chs 4-5

Top of page

Æthelred the Unready

Ann Williams, Æthelred the Unready : the ill-counselled king (London: Hambledon, 2003)

Levi Roach, Æthelred the Unready ISBN: 9780300196290 (hbk.) : £30.00 (New HAven, CT: Yale UP, 2016)

David Hill, ed. Ethelred the Unready : papers from the millenary conference (Oxford: BAR, 1978)

David Bates, Julia Crick and Sarah Hamilton, ed. Writing medieval biography 750-1250 : essays in honour of Professor Frank Barlow (2006) (esp. Keynes, Stafford)

Richard Abels, Lordship and military obligation in Anglo-Saxon England (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1988)

Richard Abels, ‘Bookland and fyrd service in late Saxon England’, Anglo-Norman Studies VIII: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1985, ed. by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1985)

Nicholas Brooks, ‘Weapons and armour in the Battle of Maldon ’, in The Battle of Maldon, ed. Donald Scragg (Manchester: Manchester UP,1991), 208-19; repd in Nicholas Brooks, Communities and warfare, 700-1400 (London: Hambledon, 2000)

Ryan Lavelle and Simon Roffey, ed. Danes in Wessex : the Scandinavian impact on southern England, c.800-c.1100 (Oxford, 2015), chs. 7, 9

The Anglo-Saxon chronicle : a revised translation, trans. by Dorothy Whitelock, with D.C. Douglas and Susie Tucker, rev. edn (London: Eyre and Spottiswoode, 1961)

Top of page

Law in later Anglo-Saxon England and the post-Conquest period:

Patrick Wormald, The making of English law : King Alfred to the twelfth century, I (Blackwell: Oxford, 1999)

Patrick Wormald, Legal culture in the early medieval West : law as text, image and experience (London: Hambledon, 1999)

M.K. Lawson, ‘Archbishop Wulfstan and the homiletic element in the laws of Aethelred II and Cnut’, English historical review., 107 (1992)

Pauline Stafford, ‘The laws of Cnut and the history of Anglo-Saxon royal promises’, Anglo-Saxon England., 10 (1981)

T.B. Lambert, ‘Theft, homicide and crime in late Anglo-Saxon law’, Past & present., 214 (2012), 3-43

Tom Lambert, Law and order in Anglo-Saxon England ISBN: 9780198786313 (hbk); 019878631X (hbk) (Oxford: OUP, 2017), chapters in Part II

J.P. Gates and N. Marafioti, ed. Capital and corporal punishment in Anglo-Saxon England (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2014), esp. chs. 9-10

B. O’Brien, God's peace and king's peace : the laws of Edward the Confessor (Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999)

S. Jurasinski, L. Oliver and A. Rabin, ed. English law before Magna Carta : Felix Liebermann and Die Gesetze der Angelsachsen (Leiden: Brill, 2010), esp. Rabin and Karn

J. Hudson, The formation of the English common law : law and society in England from the Norman conquest to Magna Carta (Longman: Harlow, 1996): very readable and solid introduction to topic

For translations of law codes see

English historical documents, I, ed. by Dorothy Whitelock, 2nd edn (London: Eyre Methuen, 1979)

The laws of the kings of England from Edmund to Henry I, ed. and trans. by A.J. Robertson (Cambridge: CUP, 1925)

The political writings of Archbishop Wulfstan of York, tr. Andrew Rabin (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2015): some law and much else besides

Top of page

Cnut and the Danes

The best starting points are the books by Lawson below and also Stafford, Unification and conquest : a political and social history of England in the tenth and eleventh centuries, ch. 4

M.K. Lawson, Cnut : the Danes in England in the early eleventh century (London: Longman, 1993)

M.K. Lawson, Cnut : England's viking king, 1016-35 (Stroud: History Press, 2011)

Alexander Rumble ed. The reign of Cnut : King of England, Denmark and Norway (Leicester: Leicester UP, 1993)

Pauline Stafford, Queen Emma and Queen Edith : queenship and women's power in eleventh-century England (Oxford: Blackwell, 1997)

Encomium Emmae Reginae, ed. by Alistair Campbell, with new intro. by Simon Keynes (Cambridge: CUP for RHistS, 1998)

Frank Barlow, The Godwins: the Rise and Fall of a Noble Dynasty (Harlow: Pearson Longman, 2002)

N. Hooper, ‘The housecarls in England in the eleventh century’, Anglo-Norman Studies VII: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1984, ed. R. Allan Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1985) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

M.K. Lawson, ‘The collection of Danegeld’, English historical review., 99 (1984)

Note also the debate between Lawson and Gillingham on taxation in English historical review., 104-5 (1989-90)

Ryan Lavelle and Simon Roffey, ed. Danes in Wessex : the Scandinavian impact on southern England, c.800-c.1100 (Oxford, 2015), chs. 10-12

Top of page

Towns

The best starting point is the section on towns in J. Crick and E. van Houts, ed. A social history of England, 900-1200 (Cambridge: CUP, 2011)

David Palliser, ed. The Cambridge urban history of Britain, I, 600-1540 (Cambridge: CUP, 2000): over twenty contributors provide chapters on separate themes in urban history, split into 650-1300 and 1300-1540 periods, on London and on towns in different regions.

Victoria County History: among much else here note the excellent volumes onGloucester ( The Victoria history of the county of Gloucester. IV, ed. N.M. Herbert (Oxford: OUP, 1988)) and on Chester ( A history of the county of Chester, V: The City of Chester, ed. A.T. Thacker and C.P. Lewis, pt 1 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2003) ).

Martin Biddle, ed. Winchester in the early Middle Ages : an edition and discussion of the Winton Domesday (Oxford: Clarendon, 1976)

Martin Biddle, articles on Winchester in Domesday studies : papers read at the Novocentenary Conference of the Royal Historical Society and the Institute of British Geographers, Winchester, 1986, ed. by J.C. Holt (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987) and in Tenth-century studies : essays in commemoration of the millennium of the Council of Winchester and 'Regularis Concordia', ed. by David Parsons (London: Phillimore, 1975)

Nigel Baker and Richard Holt, Urban growth and the medieval church : Gloucester and Worcester (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2004)

Richard Holt, ‘The urban transformation in England, 900-1100’, in Anglo-Norman Studies XXXII: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 2009, ed. by C.P. Lewis (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2010) EBook available

Robin Fleming, ‘Rural élites and urban communities in late-Saxon England’, Past & present., 141 (1993)

David Palliser, Domesday York, Borthwick Papers, no. 78 (York: Borthwick Institute, 1990)

David Palliser, Medieval York : 600-1540 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014)

Sarah Rees Jones, York : the making of a city, 1068-1350 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013)

Pamela Nightingale, ‘The origin of the Court of Husting and Danish influence on London’s development into a capital city’, English historical review., 102 (1987)

D.A. Hinton, Archaeology, economy and society : England from the fifth to the fifteenth century (London: Seaby, 1990) - very useful basic introduction to the archaeological evidence

Top of page

The English Church 1000-1066:

John Blair, The church in Anglo-Saxon society (Oxford: OUP, 2005): the best starting point, and the best book on pastoral care

Frank Barlow, The English Church, 1000-1066 : a history of the later Anglo-Saxon church, 2nd edn (London: Longman, 1979): the best introduction to the people and the politics

N.P. Brooks, The early history of the Church of Canterbury : Christ Church from 597 to 1066 (Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1984), esp. pp. 287-310 on the archbishops of Canterbury and their political role 1016-66

Matthew Townend, ed. Wulfstan, archbishop of York : the proceedings of the second Alcuin Conference (Turnhout: Brepols, 2004): a set of essays on the main drafter ofearly eleventh-century law codes

M.F. Smith, ‘Archbishop Stigand and the eye of the needle’, Anglo-Norman Studies XVI: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1993, ed. by Marjorie Chibnall (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1994)

Tom Licence, 'Robert of Jumieges, archbishop in exile (1052-5)', Anglo-Saxon England., 42 (2013), 311-29

M.F. Giandrea, Episcopal culture in late Anglo-Saxon England (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2007)

Francesca Tinti, ed. Pastoral care in late Anglo-Saxon England (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2005)

Francesca Tinti, Sustaining belief : the church of Worcester from c.870 to c.1100 (Farnham: Ashgate, 2010)

S. Foot, Veiled women, 2 vols (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000): vol. 2 (on nunneries)

Pauline Stafford, ‘Cherchez la femme: queens, queens’ lands and nunneries: missing links in the foundation of Reading abbey’, History., 85 (2000), 4-27

Julia Barrow, ‘English cathedral communities’, in Anglo-Norman Durham, 1093-1193, ed. by David Rollason, Margaret Harvey and Michael Prestwich (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1994)

Victoria Thompson, Dying and death in later Anglo-Saxon England (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2004)

Minsters and parish churches : the local church in transition, 950-1200, ed. by John Blair (Oxford: OUCA, 1988)

John Blair, chapters in Domesday Book : a reassessment, ed. P.H. Sawyer (London: Arnold, 1985) and in Domesday studies : papers read at the Novocentenary Conference of the Royal Historical Society and the Institute of British Geographers, Winchester, 1986, ed. J.C. Holt (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987)

Gervase Rosser, ‘The cure of souls in English towns before 1000’, in John Blair and Richard Sharpe, ed. Pastoral care before the parish (Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1992): contrary to the title this contains a fair amount about the eleventh century

Helen Gittos, Liturgy, architecture, and sacred places in Anglo-Saxon England (Oxford: OUP, 2013)

Richard Gem, Book of St Augustine's Abbey, English Heritage (London: Batsford, 1997)

Janet Backhouse, ed. The Golden age of Anglo-Saxon art 966-1066 (London: British Museum, 1984)

T.A. Heslop, ‘The production of de luxe manuscripts and the patronage of King Cnut and Queen Emma’, Anglo-Saxon England., 19 (1990)

Top of page

Edward the Confessor: Court, Kingship and Earls:

Top of page

Edward and Edith:

Frank Barlow, Edward the Confessor, rev. edn (New Haven CT: Yale UP, 1997)

Richard Mortimer, ed. Edward the Confessor : the man and the legend (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2009)

Frank Barlow, ed. The life of King Edward who rests at Westminster 2nd edn (Oxford: Clarendon, 1992; for comment, seeElisabeth van Houts, ‘The Flemish contribution to biographical writing in England in the eleventh century’, in Writing medieval biography 750-1250 : essays in honour of Professor Frank Barlow, ed. by David Bates, Julia Crick and Sarah Hamilton (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2006), 111-28; E.M. Tyler, ‘The Vita Ædwardi: the politics of poetry at Wilton abbey’, Anglo-Norman Studies XXXI: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 2008 EBook available, ed. by C.P. Lewis (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2009), and articles by Summerson and Keynes and Love in Anglo-Saxon England., 38 (2010), and by Tom Licence in Anglo-Saxon England., 44 (2015)

Pauline Stafford, ‘Edith..’ in Edward the Confessor : the man and the legend, ed. by Richard Mortimer (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2009)

Pauline Stafford, Queen Emma and Queen Edith : queenship and women's power in eleventh-century England (Oxford: Blackwell, 1997)

Top of page

Earls:

Frank Barlow, The Godwins : the rise and fall of a noble dynasty (Harlow: Pearson Longman, 2002)

Stephen Baxter, The earls of Mercia : lordship and power in late Anglo-Saxon England (Oxford: OUP, 2007) – this book is excellent on how political systems worked in late Anglo-Saxon England, especially on lordship and commendation

Stephen Baxter, ‘MS C of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and the politics of mid eleventh-century England’, English historical review., 122 (2007), 1189-1227: important for the politics of Edward's reign

Alexander Rumble ed. The reign of Cnut : King of England, Denmark and Norway (Leicester: Leicester UP, 1993), article by Simon Keynes (for earls under Cnut) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

R.A. Fletcher, Bloodfeud : murder and revenge in Anglo-Saxon England (London, 2002)

Ann Williams, The world before Domesday : the English aristocracy 900-1066 (London: Continuum, 2008)

Top of page

Kingship, ceremony and ritual from the tenth century to 1135:

J.L. Nelson, Politics and ritual in early medieval Europe (London: Hambledon, 1986); in this volumeNelson's article‘The rites of the Conqueror’, was originally published in Anglo-Norman Studies IV, ed. by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1982)

Martin Biddle, ‘Seasonal festivals and residence: Winchester, Westminster and Gloucester in the tenth to twelfth centuries’, Anglo-Norman Studies VIII: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1985, ed. by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1986), 51-72

Julia Barrow, ‘Demonstrative behaviour and political communication in later Anglo-Saxon England’, Anglo-Saxon England., 36 (2007)

Mary Clayton, ‘The Old English promissio regis ’, Anglo-Saxon England., 37, 2008

H.E.J. Cowdrey, ‘The Anglo-Norman Laudes Regiae ’, Viator., 12 (1981)

George Garnett, ‘Coronation and propaganda’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society., 5th ser., 36 (1986)

Nicole Marafioti, The king's body : burial and succession in late Anglo-Saxon England (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2014)

P. Stafford, ‘The king’s wife in Wessex 800-1066’, Past and Present, 91 (1981); also note her Queen Emma and Queen Edith : queenship and women's power in eleventh-century England (Oxford: Blackwell, 1997)

Encomium Emmae Reginae, ed. by Alistair Campbell, with new intro. by Simon Keynes (Cambridge: CUP for RHistS, 1998)

P. Stafford, ‘The portrayal of royal women in England, mid-tenth to mid-twelfth centuries’, in Medieval queenship, ed. by J.C. Parsons (Stroud: Sutton, 1994)

Marc Meyer, ‘The Queen’s demesne in later Anglo-Saxon England’, in The Culture of Christendom : essays in medieval history in memory of Denis L.T. Bethel, ed. by Marc Meyer (London: Hambledon, 1993)

Top of page

The three battles of 1066: how war was waged in the eleventh century:

Good starting points are Morillo's book and, for general background,ch. 3 of Bartlett's The making of Europe : conquest, colonization and cultural change, 950-1350

Stephen Morillo, ed. The Battle of Hastings : sources and interpretations (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1996): a collection of medieval sources and modern interpretations

Nicholas Brooks, Communities and warfare, 700-1400 (London: Hambledon, 2000)

Matthew Strickland, ‘Military technology and conquest: the anomaly of Anglo-Saxon England’, in Anglo-Norman Studies XIX: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1996, ed. by Christopher Harper-Bill (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1997)

Nicholas Hooper, ‘Anglo-Saxon warfare on the eve of the Conquest’, Anglo-Norman Studies I: Proceedings of the Battle Conference on Anglo-Norman studies, I, 1978, ed. by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1979)

Richard Abels, Lordship and military obligation in Anglo-Saxon England (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1988)

Richard Abels, 'Bookland and fyrd service in late Saxon England', in Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1985, ed. R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1985) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Kelly DeVries, The Norwegian invasion of England in 1066 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1999)

Robert Bartlett, The making of Europe : conquest, colonization and cultural change, 950-1350 (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1994), esp. ch. 3

Matthew Strickland, Armies, chivalry and warfare in medieval Britain and France : proceedings of the 1995 Harlaxton Symposium (Stamford: Paul Watkins, 1998)

Matthew Strickland, War and chivalry : the conduct and perception of war in England and Normandy, 1066-1217 (Cambridge: CUP, 1996)

Matthew Strickland, ed. Anglo-Norman warfare : studies in late Anglo-Saxon and Anglo-Norman military organization and warfare (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1992)

M.K. Lawson, ‘Observations upon a scene in the Bayeux Tapestry, the Battle of Hastings and the military system of the late Anglo-Saxon State’, in J.R. Maddicott and D.M. Palliser, ed. The medieval state : essays presented to James Campbell (London: Hambledon, 2000)

M. Bennett, ‘Violence in eleventh-century Normandy: feud, warfare and politics’, in Guy Halsall, ed. Violence and society in the early medieval West (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1998)

M. Strickland, ‘Slaughter, slavery or ransom: the impact of the Conquest on conduct in warfare’, in C. Hicks, ed. England in the eleventh century : proceedings of the 1990 Harlaxton Symposium (Stamford: Paul Watkins, 1992)

J. Gillingham, ‘William the Bastard at war’, repd in The Battle of Hastings : sources and interpretations, ed. by Stephen Morillo (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1996)

Ian Peirce, ‘Arms, armour and warfare in the eleventh century’, Anglo-Norman Studies X: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1987, ed. R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1988) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

J. Bradbury, ‘Battles in England and Normandy 1066-1154’, Anglo-Norman Studies VI: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1983, ed. R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1984), 1-12 EBook available

M. Bennett, ‘Wace and warfare’, Anglo-Norman Studies XI: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1988, (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1989) (about whether the 12th c. historian Wace was knowledgeable about earlier fighting techniques) EBook available

J. Kiff, ‘Images of war...’ Anglo-Norman Studies VII: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1984, ed. R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1985) (about interpreting 11th c. pictures of warfare)

Marjorie Chibnall, ‘Military service in Normandy before 1066’, in Anglo-Norman Studies V: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1982, ed. by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1983) EBook available

John Gillingham, ‘The introduction of knight-service into England’, Anglo-Norman Studies IV: Proceedings of the Battle Conference on Anglo-Norman studies, IV, 1981, ed. by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1982) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

J.C. Holt, ‘The introduction of knight service in England’, Anglo-Norman Studies VI: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1983, ed. by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1984)

Nicholas Brooks, 'The archbishopric of Canterbury and the so-called introduction of knight-service into England', in Anglo-Norman Studies XXXIV: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 2011, ed. by David Bates (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2012)

E.A.R. Brown, ‘The tyranny of a construct: feudalism and historians of medieval Europe’, The American historical review., 79 (1974)

Richard Abels, 'The historiography of a construct: "Feudalism" and the medieval historian', History compass., 7 (2009), 1008-31

The Carmen de Hastingae Proelio of Guy, Bishop of Amiens, ed. and tr. Frank Barlow (Oxford: OUP, 1999) [revised edition of Morton and Muntz's edition]

Top of page

Bayeux Tapestry:

For editions of the Bayeux Tapestry, see F.M. Stenton, ed. The Bayeux Tapestry : a comprehensive survey (London: Phaidon, 1957); C.H. Gibbs-Smith, ed. The Bayeux Tapestry (London: Phaidon, 1973); David Wilson, ed. The Bayeux Tapestry : the complete tapestry in colour (London: Thames and Hudson, 1985)

For interpretations of the Bayeux Tapestry see:

Richard Gameson, ed. The study of the Bayeux Tapestry (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1997)

G.R. Owen-Crocker, ed. King Harold II and the Bayeux Tapestry (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2005)

M.J. Lewis, The archaeological authority of the Bayeux Tapestry (London: Hedges, 2005)

George Beech, Was the Bayeux tapestry made in France? : the case for St. Florent of Saumur (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2005)

N.P. Brooks and H.E. Walker, ‘The authority and interpretation of the Bayeux Tapestry’, Anglo-Norman Studies I: Proceedings of the Battle Conference on Anglo-Norman studies, I, 1978 ed. by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1979)

S.A. Brown, ‘The Bayeux Tapestry: why Eustace, Odo and William? ’, Anglo-Norman Studies XII: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1989, ed. by Marjorie Chibnall (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1990) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

H.B. Clarke, 'The identity of the designer of the Bayeux Tapestry', Anglo-Norman Studies XXXV: Proceedings of the Battle Conference, 2012, ed. by David Bates (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2013), 119-40 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Top of page

The Norman establishment: William I and William II:

See items by Harper-Bill and van Houts, Clanchy, Morris and Thomas in General Books section above

David Bates, William the Conqueror (New Haven, CT: Yale UP, 2016)

John Gillingham, William II : the red king ISBN: 9780141978550 (hardback); 0141978554 (hardback); 9780141978567 (ebook) (London: Allen Lane, 2015)

Marjorie Chibnall, Anglo-Norman England 1066-1166 (Oxford: Blackwell, 1986) – explains administrative developments

Robert Bartlett, England under the Norman and Angevin kings, 1075-1225 (Oxford: OUP, 2000)

Frank Barlow, William I and the Norman Conquest (London: English Universities Press, 1965)

Frank Barlow, The Norman Conquest and beyond (London: Hambledon, 1983): collected essays, including some on the Norman Conquest

Ann Williams, The English and the Norman Conquest (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1995), esp. chs. 4-5

Hugh Thomas, The English and the Normans : ethnic hostility, assimilation, and identity 1066-c.1220 (Oxford: OUP, 2003)

David Bates, ‘The land pleas of William I’s reign’, Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research., 51 (1978)

George Garnett, ‘Franci et Angli: the legal distinction between people after the Conquest’ Anglo-Norman Studies VIII: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1985 1986

George Garnett, Conquered England : kingship, succession and tenure, 1066-1166 (Oxford: OUP, 2007)

David Bates, ‘Odo of Bayeux’, Speculum., 50 (1975)

John Le Patourel, ‘Geoffrey de Mowbray, bishop of Coutances, 1049-1093’, English historical review., 59 (1944)

C.P. Lewis, ‘The early earls of Norman England’, Anglo-Norman Studies XIII: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1990, ed. by Marjorie Chibnall (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1991) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

William Aird, Robert Curthose, Duke of Normandy, c. 1050-1134 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2008)

William Aird, ‘Frustrated masculinity: the relationship between William the Conqueror and his eldest son’, in Masculinity in medieval Europe, ed. D.M. Hadley (Harlow, 1999)

Frank Barlow, William Rufus (London, 1983)

W.L. Warren, ‘The death of William Rufus’, History today., 9 (1959), 22-9

R.W. Southern, ‘Ranulf Flambard’, in his Medieval humanism, and other studies (Oxford, 1970) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Top of page

Castles:

Robert Liddiard, ed. Anglo-Norman castles (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2003)

D.F. Renn, Norman castles in Britain (London: Baker, 1968)

D.F. Renn, ‘A gonfanon and a burhgeat …’, in Anglo-Norman Studies XVI: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1993, Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva, ed. by Marjorie Chibnall (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1994), repd in Anglo-Norman castles, ed. by Robert Liddiard (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2003)

C. Coulson, Castles in medieval society : fortresses in England, France, and Ireland in the central Middle Ages (Oxford: OUP, 2003)

C. Coulson, ‘Cultural realities and reappraisals in English castle-study’, Journal of Medieval History., 22 (1996)

Top of page

Normandy in the eleventh century:

David Bates, Normandy before 1066 (London: Longman, 1982)

Nick Webber, The evolution of Norman identity, 911-1154 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2005)

David Bates, ‘Normandy and England after 1066’, English historical review., 104 (1989)

David Bates, ‘The rise and fall of Normandy c.911-1204’, in England and Normandy in the Middle Ages, ed. David Bates and Anne Curry (London: Hambledon, 1994)

John Le Patourel, ‘The Norman succession 896-1125’, English historical review., 86 (1971)

Leonie Hicks and Elma Brenner, ed. Society and culture in medieval Rouen, 911-1300 (Turnhout: Brepols, 2013)

Leonie Hicks, Religious life in Normandy, 1050-1300 : space, gender and social pressure (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2007)

Top of page

The Normans and the North of England:

A good starting point is Fletcher, Bloodfeud : murder and revenge in Anglo-Saxon England (see general items above)

David Rollason, Northumbria, 500-1100 : creation and destruction of a medieval kingdom (Cambridge: CUP, 2003)

W.M. Aird, St Cuthbert and the Normans : the Church of Durham, 1071-1153 (Woodbridge; Boydell, 1998)

David Rollason, ‘Symeon of Durham and the community of Durham in the eleventh century’, in Carola Hicks, ed. England in the eleventh century : proceedings of the 1990 Harlaxton Symposium (Stamford: Paul Watkins, 1992)

David Rollason, ed. tr. Symeon of Durham, Libellus de exordio atque procursu istius, hoc est Dunhelmensis, ecclesie = Tract on the origins and progress of this the Church of Durham (Oxford: Clarendon, 2000)

David Rollason, Margaret Harvey and Michael Prestwich, ed. Anglo-Norman Durham, 1093-1193 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1994)

C.J. Morris, Marriage and murder in eleventh-century Northumbria : a study of "De obsessione Dunelmi", Borthwick Papers, 82 (York: Borthwick Institute, 1992)

Janet Cooper, The last four Anglo-Saxon archbishops of York, Borthwick Papers, 38 (York: St Anthony’s Press, 1970)

David Palliser, Domesday York, Borthwick Papers, 78 (York: Borthwick Institute, 1990)

David Palliser, Medieval York : 600-1540 (Oxford: OUP, 2014)

David Rollason et al., The Archaeology of York I: Sources for York history to AD 1100 (York: York Archaeological Trust, 1998)

Sarah Speight, ‘Violence and the creation of sociopolitical order in post-Conquest Yorkshire’, in Guy Halsall, ed. Violence and society in the early medieval West (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1998)

William Kapelle, The Norman Conquest of the North (London: Croom Helm, 1979)

G.W.S. Barrow, ‘The Anglo-Scottish Border’, Northern history., 1 (1966)

Top of page

Debate on the Harrying of the North

W.E. Wightman, ‘The significance of “waste” in the Yorkshire Domesday’, Northern history., 10 (1975)

David Roffe, ‘Domesday Book and northern society: a reassessment’, English historical review., 105 (1990)

David Palliser, ‘Domesday Book and the Harrying of the North’, Northern history., 29 (1993)

John Palmer, ‘War and Domesday waste’, in Armies, chivalry and warfare in medieval Britain and France : proceedings of the 1995 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. by Matthew Strickland (Stamford: Paul Watkins, 1998)

Paul Dalton, Conquest, anarchy and lordship : Yorkshire, 1066-1154 (Cambridge: CUP, 1994)

Top of page

Domesday Book and Society:

Top of page

Domesday Book: its compilation and purposes:

Best starting pointis Marjorie Chibnall, Anglo-Norman England 1066-1166 (Oxford: Blackwell, 1986), pp. 105-15

Domesday book : a complete translation, ed. by Ann Williams and G.H. Martin (London: Penguin, 2002): one of several available translations

J.C. Holt, ed. Domesday studies : papers read at the Novocentenary Conference of the Royal Historical Society and the Institute of British Geographers, Winchester, 1986 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987): especially Holt, Harvey and Reynolds

P.H. Sawyer, ed. Domesday Book : a reassessment (London: Arnold, 1985): in this volume, H.B. Clarke's article is an excellent introduction to how Domesday was compiled

H.C. Darby, Domesday England (Cambridge: CUP, 1977): Domesday as a source for historical geography

V.H. Galbraith, The making of Domesday Book. (Oxford: Clarendon, 1961)

David Roffe, Domesday : the inquest and the book (Oxford: OUP, 2000)

David Roffe, Decoding Domesday (Oxford: OUP, 2007)

Sally Harvey, Domesday : book of judgement (Oxford: OUP, 2014)

Robin Fleming, ‘Oral testimony and the Domesday inquest’, Anglo-Norman Studies XVII: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1994, ed. by Christopher Harper-Bill (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1995) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Robin Fleming, Domesday Book and the law : society and legal custom in early medieval England (Cambridge: CUP, 1998)

Patrick Wormald, ‘Domesday lawsuits’, in England in the eleventh century : proceedings of the 1990 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. by C. Hicks (Stamford: Paul Watkins, 1992)

C.P. Lewis, 'The invention of the manor in Norman England', Proceedings of the Battle Conference 2011, ed. David Bates (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2012)

Top of page

Society:

Best starting point is Julia Crick and Elisabeth van Houts, A social history of England, 900-1200 (Cambridge: CUP, 2011)

Top of page

What happened to the English:

Ann Williams, The English and the Norman Conquest (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1995)

Ann Williams, The world before Domesday : the English aristocracy 900-1066 (London: Continuum, 2008)

Anglo-Saxons : studies presented to Cyril Roy Hart, ed. Simon Keynes and Alfred P. Smyth (Dublin: Four Courts, 2006), articles by Pauline Stafford (on the interest in women taken by version D of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle post-Conquest) and by Ann Williams (on transfer of lands from Anglo-Saxon to Norman landlords in Suffolk post-Conquest) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

And on the Welsh in the eleventh century note articles by C.P. Lewis and D. Thornton in Britons in Anglo-Saxon England, ed. Nick Higham (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2007)

Top of page

Women, family, marriage and wills:

Pauline Stafford, Unification and conquest : a political and social history of England in the tenth and eleventh centuries (London: Arnold, 1989), chapter 10

Julia Crick, ‘Women, posthumous benefaction and family strategy in pre-Conquest England’, The journal of British studies., 38 (1999)

Julie Mumby, ‘The descent of family land in later Anglo-Saxon England’, Historical research., 84 (2011)

Pauline Stafford, ‘Women and the Norman Conquest’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society., 6th series, 4 (1994)

Eleanor Searle, ‘Women and the legitimation of succession at the Norman Conquest’, Anglo-Norman Studies III: Proceedings of the Battle Conference on Anglo-Norman studies, III, 1980, ed. by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1981) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Elisabeth van Houts, ‘Intermarriage in eleventh-century England’, in Normandy and its neighbours, 900-1250 : essays for David Bates, ed. by David Crouch and Kathleen Thompson (Turnhout: Brepols, 2011)

Elisabeth van Houts, ‘Family, marriage, kinship’, and ‘Intermarriage’, in A social history of England, 900-1200, ed. Julia Crick and Elisabeth van Houts (Cambridge, 2011), pp. 133-41, 247-55 (available on-line from library catalogue)

Elisabeth van Houts, 'The women of Bury St Edmunds', in Bury St Edmunds and the Norman Conquest, ed. Tom Licence (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2014)

Linda Tollerton, Wills and will-making in Anglo-Saxon England (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2011)

Dorothy Whitelock, ed. and tr. Anglo-Saxon wills (Cambridge: CUP, 1930)

Top of page

Knights and knight service:

Peter Coss, The knight in medieval England, 1000-1400 (Far Thrupp: Sutton, 1993)

Sally Harvey, ‘The knight and the knight’s fee in England’, Past & present., 49 (1970)

R. Allen Brown, ‘The status of the Norman knight’, in War and government in the Middle Ages : essays in honour of J.O. Prestwich, ed. by John Gillingham and J.C. Holt (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1984)

Top of page

Lanfranc and the post-Conquest English Church:

Top of page

Bishops and clergy:

H.E.J. Cowdrey, Lanfranc : scholar, monk, and archbishop (Oxford: OUP, 2003)

M.T. Gibson, Lanfranc of Bec (Oxford: Clarendon, 1978)

Emma Mason, St Wulfstan of Worcester c.1008-1095 (Oxford: Blackwell, 1990)

J. Barrow and N. Brooks, ed. St. Wulfstan and his world (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2005)

William of Malmesbury, Saints' lives : lives of SS. Wulfstan, Dunstan, Patrick, Benignus and Indract, ed. and trans. by R. Thomson and M. Winterbottom (Oxford: Clarendon, 2002): contains William of Malmesbury’s Life of Wulfstan

Simon Keynes, ‘Giso, bishop of Wells’, Anglo-Norman Studies XIX: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1996, ed. by Christopher Harper-Bill (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1997) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Simon Keynes, ‘Regenbald the chancellor (sic)’, Anglo-Norman Studies X: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1987,, ed. by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1988)

Henry Loyn, ‘William’s bishops: some further thoughts’, Anglo-Norman Studies X: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1987,, ed. by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1988)

M. Ruud, ‘Monks in the world: the case of Gundulf of Rochester’, Anglo-Norman Studies XI: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1988, ed by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1989)

Julia Barrow, ‘A Lotharingian in Hereford: Bishop Robert’ in Medieval art, architecture, and archaeology at Hereford, ed. by David Whitehead (London: British Archaeological Association, 1995)

Julia Barrow, ‘What happened to ecclesiastical charters 1066-1100? ’, in Myth, rulership, church and charters : essays in honour of Nicholas Brooks, ed. J. Barrow and A. Wareham (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2008)

David Bates, Bishop Remigius of Lincoln 1067-1092 (Lincoln: Honywood Press, 1992)

R.W. Southern, Saint Anselm : a portrait in a landscape (Cambridge: CUP, 1990)

J.O. Prestwich, 'The career of Ranulf Flambard', in Anglo-Norman Durham, 1093-1193, ed., David Rollason, Margaret Harvey and Michael Prestwich (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1994) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

R.W. Southern, 'Ranulf Flambard' in R.W. Southern, Medieval humanism, and other studies (Oxford: Blackwell, 1970)

Martin Brett, The English Church under Henry I (London: OUP, 1975)

E.J. Kealey, Roger of Salisbury, Viceroy of England (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972)

Julia Barrow, The clergy in the medieval world : secular clerics, their families and careers in north-western Europe, c. 800-c. 1200 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015)

Hugh Thomas, The secular clergy in England, 1066-1216 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014)

Top of page

Monks, nuns, hermits and recluses:

A good starting point is the summary of the situation by Janet Burton, Monastic and religious orders in Britain 1000-1300 (Cambridge: CUP, 1994): chapter 2

Janet Burton, The monastic order in Yorkshire, 1069-1215 (Cambridge: CUP, 1999)

England and Normandy in the Middle Ages, ed. by David Bates and Anne Curry (London: Hambledon, 1994): articles by Cownie, Gazeau and Loyn

Emma Cownie, Religious patronage in Anglo-Norman England, 1066-1135 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1998)

Pauline Stafford, ‘Cherchez la femme: queens, queens’ lands and nunneries: missing links in the foundation of Reading abbey’, History., 85 (2000), 4-27

David Rollason, Margaret Harvey and Michael Prestwich, ed. Anglo-Norman Durham, 1093-1193 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1994): articles by J. Burton and M. Foster

Marjorie Chibnall, The world of Orderic Vitalis (Oxford: Clarendon, 1984)

Tom Licence, Hermits and recluses in English society, 950-1200 (Oxford: OUP, 2011)

Goscelin of St Bertin, The book of encouragement and consolation (Liber confortatorius), trans. by Monika Otter (Cambridge: Brewer, 2004); for a variant translation see also Stephanie Hollis with W.R. Barnes, ed. Writing the Wilton women : Goscelin's Legend of Edith and Liber confortatorius (Turnhout: Brepols, 2004)

The life of Christina of Markyate, trans. by C.H. Talbot, rev. by Samuel Fanous and Henrietta Leyser (Oxford: OUP, 2008), pp. 3-19

Christina of Markyate : a twelfth-century holy woman, ed. by Samuel Fanous and Henrietta Leyser (London: Routledge, 2005)

Top of page

Saints' cults:

R.W. Pfaff, ‘Lanfranc’s supposed purge of the Anglo-Saxon calendar’, in Warriors and churchmen in the high Middle Ages : essays presented to Karl Leyser, ed. by Timothy Reuter (London: Hambledon, 1992)

Susan Ridyard, ‘Condigna veneratio: post-conquest attitudes to the saints of the Anglo-Saxons’, Anglo-Norman Studies IX: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1986, ed. by R. Allen Brown (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987) EBook available

P.A. Hayward, ‘Translation narratives in post-Conquest hagiography and English resistance to the Norman Conquest’, Anglo-Norman Studies XXI: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1998, ed. by Christopher Harper-Bill (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1999) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Top of page

Architecture:

Eric Fernie, Romanesque architecture : the first style of the European age (New Haven CT: Yale UP 2014)

R. Gem, ‘The Romanesque cathedral of Winchester’ in Medieval art and architecture at Winchester Cathedral., British Archaeological Association (Leeds: Maney, 1983)

Richard Gem, Book of St Augustine's Abbey, English Heritage (London: Batsford, 1997)

English romanesque art, 1066-1200 : Hayward Gallery, London, 5 April-8 July 1984, ed. by George Zarnecki and others (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1984)

Sarah Macready and F.H. Thompson, ed. Art and patronage in the English Romanesque (London: Society of Antiquaries, 1987)

David Rollason, Margaret Harvey and Michael Prestwich, ed. Anglo-Norman Durham, 1093-1193 (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1994): articles by Thurlby, Crook, Fernie

Top of page

Henry I:

J.A. Green, Henry I : King of England and Duke of Normandy (Cambridge: CUP, 2006)

C. Warren Hollister, Henry I, ed. by A. C. Frost (New Haven, CT: Yale UP, 2001)

C. Warren Hollister, Monarchy, magnates and institutions in the Anglo-Norman world (London: Hambledon, 1986)

J.A. Green, The government of England under Henry I (Cambridge: CUP, 1986)

J.A. Green, ‘Henry I and the aristocracy of Normandy’, in La "France anglaise" au moyen âge : colloque des historiens médiévistes français et britanniques. (Paris: CTHS, 1988), 161-73

J.A. Green, ‘David I and Henry I’, Scottish Historical Review, 75 (1996), 1-19 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

J.A. Green, ‘The piety and patronage of Henry I’, Haskins Society Journal, 10 (2001), 1-16 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

J.O. Prestwich, ‘The military household of the Norman kings’, English historical review., 96 (1981)

J.O. Prestwich, ‘War and finance in the Anglo-Norman state’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society., 5th series, 4 (1954)

R.W. Southern, ‘The place of Henry I in English history’, Proceedings of the British Academy., 48 (1962), 127-69

Michael Clanchy, From Memory to Written Record, 3rd edn (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013)

Richard Sharpe, ‘Address and delivery in Anglo-Norman royal charters’, in Charters and charter scholarship in Britain and Ireland, ed. M.T. Flanagan and J.A. Green (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005)

Lois L. Huneycutt, Matilda of Scotland : a study in medieval queenship (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2003)

J.A. Green, The aristocracy of Norman England (Cambridge: CUP, 1997)

Robin Fleming, Kings and lords in Conquest England (Cambridge: CUP, 1991)

David Crouch, ‘Normans and Anglo-Normans: a divided aristocracy? ’ in England and Normandy in the Middle Ages, ed. David Bates and Anne Curry (London: Hambledon, 1984), 51-67

David Crouch, The Beaumont twins : the roots and branches of power in the twelfth century (Cambridge: CUP, 1986)

David Crouch, ‘Robert of Gloucester’s mother and sexual politics in Norman Oxfordshire’, Historical research., 72 (1999), 323-33

Kathleen Thompson, ‘Affairs of state: the illegitimate children of Henry I’, Journal of Medieval History., 29 (2003), 129-51

Marjorie Chibnall, ‘Mercenaries and the Familia Regis under Henry I’, History., 62 (1977), 15-23

Marjorie Chibnall, The Empress Matilda. Queen Consort, Queen Mother and Lady of the English (Oxford: Blackwell, 1991)

S. Mooers Christelow, ‘Patronage in the Pipe Roll of 1130’, Speculum., 59 (1984), 284-307

S. Mooers Christelow, ‘A moveable feast? Itineration and the centralization of government under Henry I’, Albion., 28 (1996), 187-228

R.R. Davies, The first English empire : power and identities in the British Isles, 1093-1343 (Oxford: OUP, 2000)

Top of page

The Twelfth-Century Historians:

Best starting point is Elisabeth van Houts, 'Historical writing', in A companion to the Anglo-Norman world, ed. by Christopher Harper-Bill and Elisabeth van Houts (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2002)

R.W. Southern, 'The sense of the past', Transactions of the Royal Historical Society., 5th ser. 23 (1973): a must-read

Ann Williams, The English and the Norman Conquest (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1995), ch. 7

Elisabeth van Houts, ‘The memory of 1066 in written and oral traditions’, Anglo-Norman Studies XIX: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1996, ed. by Christopher Harper-Bill (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1997)

Elisabeth van Houts, ‘The Norman Conquest through European eyes’, English historical review., 110 (1995)

Martin Brett and David Woodman, ed. The long twelfth-century view of the Anglo-Saxon past (Farnham: Ashgate, 2015)

Monika Otter, Inventiones : fiction and referentiality in twelfth-century English historical writing (Chapel Hill, NC, 1996)

Nancy Partner, ed. Writing medieval history (London: Hodder Arnold, 2005)

Laura Ashe, Fiction and history in England, 1066-1200 (Cambridge: CUP, 2007)

James Campbell, ‘Some twelfth-century views of the Anglo-Saxon past’, in his Essays in Anglo-Saxon history

Julia Crick, ‘St Albans, Westminster and some twelfth-century views of the Anglo-Saxon past’, Anglo-Norman Studies XXV: Proceedings of the Battle Conference 2002, ed. by John Gillingham (Woodbridge: Boydell, 2002) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

R.M. Thomson, William of Malmesbury (Woodbridge: Boydell, 1987)

J. Barrow and N. Brooks, ed. St. Wulfstan and his world (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2005), esp. articles by Orchard and Williams

William of Malmesbury, Gesta regum Anglorum = The history of the English kings, ed. and tr. R.A.B. Mynors, R.M. Thomson and M. Winterbottom, 2 vols (Oxford: Clarendon, 1998-9): vol. i = text and translation; vol. ii = notes

William of Malmesbury, Gesta pontificum Anglorum = The history of the English bishops, ed. and tr. M. Winterbottom with R.M. Thomson, 2 vols (Oxford: Clarendon, 2007): vol. i = text and translation; vol. ii = notes

Henry of Huntingdon, Historia Anglorum = The history of the English people, ed. and tr. D. Greenway (Oxford: Clarendon, 1996)

Herman the archdeacon and Goscelin of Saint-Bertin : miracles of St Edmund, ed. Tom Licence (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014)

This list was last updated on 12/12/2017