Leeds University Library

HIST3732
Module Reading List

Men and Masculinity in Britain, c.1860-1960: War, Work and Home, 2017/18, Semester 1
Dr Jessica Meyer
j.meyer@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Introduction (Week 1)

The readings for this week will be of use throughout the module. Please refer back to the list in coming weeks.

Core Reading:

Francis, M., ‘The Domestication of the Male? Recent research on Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century British Masculinity’, The historical journal. 45:3 (2002), pp.637-52

Harvey, K. and Shepard, A., ‘What Have Historians Done with Masculinity? Reflections on Five Centuries of British History, circa 1500–1950’, The journal of British studies. 44 (2005), pp.274-80

Tosh, J., ‘What Should Historians do with Masculinity? Reflections on Nineteenth Century Britain’, History workshop journal. 38 (1994), pp.179-202

Additional Reading:

Arnold, J.H., and Brady, S. (eds), What is masculinity? [electronic resource] : historical dynamics from antiquity to the contemporary world (Basingstoke, 2011), especially chs 1, 2, 8, 9, 15, and Conclusion.

Baron, A. ‘Masculinity, the embodied male worker and the historian’s gaze’, International labor and working class history, 69 (2006), pp.143-160.

Benyon, J. Masculinities and culture (Open University, 2001)

Bourke, J. An intimate history of killing : face-to-face killing in twentieth century warfare (Granta, 1999)

Boydston, J., ‘Gender as a Question of Historical Analysis’, Gender & history. 20:3 (2008), pp.558-583

Brod, H. and Kauffman, M. (eds), Theorizing masculinities (Sage, 1994)

Butler, J., Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity (New York and London, 1990)

Collins, M. ‘The fall of the English gentleman: the national character in decline, 1918-1970’, Historical research. 75 (2002), pp.90-111

Connell, R.W., Masculinities (2nd edn, Cambridge, 2005)

Connell, R.W., ‘The Big Picture: Masculinities in Recent World History', Theory and society., 22:5, Special Issue: Masculinities (1993), 597-623

Davidoff, L., ‘Gender and the "Great Divide": Public and Private in British Gender History’, Journal of women's history. 15:1 (2003), 11-27

Delap, L. ‘Thus does man prove his fitness to be the master of things: shipwrecks, chivalry and masculinities in nineteenth- and twentieth-century Britain’, Cultural and social history. 3:1 (2006), pp.45-74

Delap, L., and Morgan, S. (eds), Men, masculinities and religious change in twentieth-century Britain (Basingstoke, 2013)

Deslandes, P., ‘The Male Body, Beauty and Aesthetics in Modern British Culture’, History compass. 8:10 (2010), pp.1191-1208

Dudink, S., Hagemann, K., and Tosh, J. (eds), Masculinities in politics and war : gendering modern history (Manchester, 2004)

Gillis, J.R. ‘Bringing up father: British paternal identities, 1700 to present’, Masculinities 45:3 (2002), pp.1-27

Griswold, R.L. ‘Introduction to the Special Issue on Fatherhood’, Journal of Family History., 24:3 (1999), pp.251-254

Mosse, G.L., The image of man : the creation of modern masculinity (Oxford and New York, 1996)

McCormack, M., ‘Men, ‘the Public’ and Political History’ in M. McCormack, Public men : masculinity and politics in modern Britain (Palgrave, 2007)

Roper, M., and Tosh, J. (eds), Manful assertions : masculinities in Britain since 1800 (London, 1991)

Roper, M., and Tosh, J., ‘Introduction: Historians and the Politics of Masculinity’, in M. Roper and J. Tosh (eds), Manful assertions : masculinities in Britain since 1800 (London, 1991), pp.1-24

Roper, M., ‘Slipping Out of View: Subjectivity and Emotion in Gender History’, History workshop journal. 59:1 (2005), pp.57-72

Scott, J.W., ‘Gender: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis’, The American historical review. 91:5 (1986), pp.1053-75

Segal, L., Slow Motion: Changing Masculinities, Changing Men (3rd edn, Basingstoke, 2007)

Shields, S.A. ‘Passionate men, emotional women: psychology constructs gender differences in the late 19th century’ History of psychology. 10:2 (2007), pp.92-110

Spicer, A., Typical men : the representation of masculinity in popular British cinema (New edn, London, 2003)

Tilly, L.A., ‘Gender, Women's History, and Social History’, Social Science History 13:4 (1989), 439-462

Tosh, J., Manliness and masculinities in nineteenth-century Britain : essays on gender, family and empire (Harlow, 2005)

Tosh, J., ‘Hegemonic Masculinity and the History of Gender’, in S. Dudink, K. Hagemann and J. Tosh (eds), Masculinities in politics and war : gendering modern history (Manchester, 2004), pp.41-58

— ‘The History of Masculinity: An Outdated Concept?’, in J.H. Arnold and S. Brady (eds), What is masculinity? [electronic resource] : historical dynamics from antiquity to the contemporary world (Basingstoke, 2011), pp.17-34

 

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Nineteenth-century metropolitan masculinities (Week 2)

Class questions:

What types of metropolitan masculinities existed and how were they defined? What role did work play in defining masculine identities? Were men involved in home life?

Core Reading:

Heathorn, S. ‘How stiff were their upper lips? Research on late-Victorian and Edwardian masculinity’, History compass. 2 (2004)

Tosh, J., ‘Home and Away: The Flight from Domesticity in Late-Nineteenth-Century England Re-visited’, Gender & history. 27:3 (2015), pp.561-75 (from a special issue on Men at Home – other articles of relevance too)

Manliness and masculinities in nineteenth-century Britain : essays on gender, family and empire (Harlow, 2005), particularly chapters 3, 5, 8 and 9 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Additional Reading:

Blom, I., Hagemann, K. and Hall, C. Gendered nations : nationalisms and gender order in the nineteenth century (Berg, 2000)

Boddice, R. ‘In loco parentis: public-school authority, cricket and manly character, 1855-1862, Gender and education. 21:2 (2009), pp.159-172

Brady, S. Masculinity and male homosexuality in Britain, 1861-1913 (Palgrave Macmillan, 2005)

Broughton, T.L., and Rogers, H. (eds), Gender and fatherhood in the nineteenth century (Basingstoke, 2007)

Cheadle, T., ‘Music Hall, “Mashers” and the “Unco Guid”: Competing Masculinities in Victorian Glasgow’ in L. Abrams, and E. Ewan (eds.),

Nine centuries of man : manhood and masculinity in Scottish history ISBN: 9781474403894 (hardback); 1474403891 (hardback); 9781474403900; 9781474403917 (Edinburgh, 2017)  

Christie, N. ‘On the threshold of manhood: working class religion and domesticity in Victorian Britain and Canada’, Social history., 37:71 (2003), pp.145-174

Collini, S., Public moralists : political thought and intellectual life in Britain, 1850-1930 (Oxford, 1991)

Crone, R. ‘Mr and Mrs Punch in nineteenth-century England’, The historical journal. 49:4 (2006), pp.1055-1082

Davies, A. ‘Youth gangs, masculinity and violence in late Victorian Manchester and Salford’, Journal of Social History. (1998)

Deslandes, P.R. ‘Competitive examinations and the culture of masculinity in Oxbridge undergraduate life, 1850-1920’, History of education quarterly. 42:4 (2002), p.544-578

Doolittle, M., ‘Time, Space and Memories: The Father’s Chair and Grandfather Clocks in Victorian Working Class Domestic Lives’, Home cultures. 8:3 (2011), pp.245-54

French, H. and Rother, M. Man's estate : landed gentry masculinities, c.1660-c.1900 (Oxford, 2012)

Gill, S. ‘How muscular was Victorian Christianity? Thomas Hughes and the cult of Christian manliness reconsidered’, Studies in church history., 34 (2008), pp.421-430 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Gordon, E. and Nair, G. ‘Domestic fathers and the Victorian parental role’, Women's history review. 15:4 (2006), pp.551-559

Hall, C., K. McClelland and J. Rendall, Defining the Victorian nation : class, race, gender and the Reform Act of 1867 (Cambridge University Press, 2000), Chapter 2.

Hall, C., White, male and middle-class : explorations in feminism and history (Cambridge: Polity, 1995)

Hall, D.E. Muscular Christianity : embodying the Victorian Age (Cambridge University Press, 1994)

Hammerton, A.J., ‘Men as well as clerks: normative masculinity in the English middle-class, 1870-1920’, Meridian. 15:2 (1996)

Johnes, M. ‘Pigeon racing and working-class culture in Britain, c.1870-1950’, Cultural and social history., 4:3 (2007), pp.361-383

McClelland, K. ‘Masculinity and the 'representative artisan' in Britain, 1850-80’, in M. Roper, and J. Tosh, (eds), Manful assertions : masculinities in Britain since 1800 (London, 1991)

Oldstone-Moore, C. ‘The beard movement in Victorian Britain’, Victorian studies. (2005), pp.7-34

Shannon B. ‘ReFashioning Men: fashion, masculinity and the cultivation of the male consumer in Britain’, Victorian studies. 46:4 (2004), pp.597-630.

Spurr, G. ‘The London YMCA: a haven of self-improvement and socialization for the late Victorian and Edwardian clerk’, Canadian journal of history = Annales canadiennes d'histoire. 37:2 (2002), pp.135-152. - Available online: http://www.utpjournals.press/doi/pdf/10.3138/cjh.37.2.275

Strange, J.M., Fatherhood and the British working class, 1865-1914 (Cambridge, 2015)

Tebbutt, M. ‘Rambling and manly identity in Derbyshire’s Dark Peak, 1880s-1920s’, The historical journal. 49:4 (2006), pp.1125-1153

Tosh, J., A man's place : masculinity and the middle-class home in Victorian England (New Haven, Connecticut, and London, 1999)

Walker, P. J. ‘'I live but not yet I for Christ liveth in me' : men and masculinity in the Salvation Army, 1865-90’ in M. Roper, and J. Tosh, (eds), Manful assertions : masculinities in Britain since 1800 (London, 1991)

Wiener, M.J. Men of blood : violence, manliness and criminal justice in Victorian England (Cambridge University Press, 2004)

 

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Nineteenth-century imperial masculinities (Week 3)

Class questions:

How central was the British empire to the construction of masculinities? How did race and class intersect with such constructions? How did representations of empire influence understandings of masculinity?

Core Reading:

Dawson, G., Soldier heroes : British adventure, empire, and the imagining of masculinities (London and New York, 1994)

Sinha, M. Colonial masculinity : the 'manly Englishman' and the 'effeminate Bengali' in the late nineteenth century (Manchester University Press, 1995)

Streets, H. Martial races : the military, race, and masculinity in British imperial culture, 1857-1914 (MUP, 2004)

Additional Reading:

Alderson, D. Mansex fine : religion, manliness and imperialism in nineteenth-century British culture (Manchester University Press, 1998)

Baden-Powell, R. Scouting for boys. (originally published 1908)

Boyd, K. Manliness and the boys' story paper in Britain : a cultural history, 1855-1940 (Palgrave, 2002)

Brown, M. ‘Like a devoted army: medicine, heroic masculinity and the military paradigm in Victorian Britain’, The journal of British studies. 49:3 (2010), pp.592-622

Budd, M.A. The sculpture machine : physical culture and body politics in the Age of Empire (Palgrave Macmillan, 1997)

Cleall, E. ‘Missionaries, masculinities and war: the London Missionary Society in Southern Africa, c.1860-1899’, South African historical journal = Suid-Afrikaanse historiese joernaal. 61:2 (2009), pp.232-253

— ‘The blond bedouin: Lawrence of Arabia, imperial adventure and the imagining of English-British masculinity’ in M. Roper, and J. Tosh, (eds), Manful assertions : masculinities in Britain since 1800 (London, 1991)

Campbell, J. D. ‘"The Army isn't all work" : physical culture in the evolution of the British Army, 1860-1920 (Ashgate, 2012)

Jones, M. The last great quest : Captain Scott's Antarctic sacrifice (Oxford, 2003)

--- ‘What should historians do with heroes? Reflections on nineteenth- and twentieth-century Britain’, History compass. 5:1 (2007), pp.439-54

Kestner, J. Masculinities in British adventure fiction, 1880-1915 (Ashgate, 2010)

MacKenzie, J.M. (ed.), Imperialism and popular culture (Manchester University Press, 1986)

Paris, M. Warrior nation : images of war in British popular culture, 1850-2000 (Reaktion, 2000)

Scott, P. ‘Body-building and empire-building: George Douglas Brown, the South African War and Sandow’s Magazine of physical culture’, Victorian Periodicals Review 41:1, pp.78-9

Semple, R.A. ‘Missionary manhood: professionalism, belief and masculinity in the nineteenth-century British imperial field’, The journal of imperial and commonwealth history. 36:3 (2008), pp.397-415

Sinha, M., ‘Giving Masculinity a History: Some Contributions from the Historiography of Colonial India’, Gender & history. 11:3 (1999), 445–460

Sramek, J. ‘Face him like a Briton: tiger hunting, imperialism and British masculinity in colonial India, 1800-1875’, Victorian studies. Summer (2006)

 

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The First World War (Week 4)

Class questions: 

What was the impact of industrialized warfare on understandings of men as soldiers? How did total war affect gender relations and the relationships between combatants and non-combatants? What impact did the First World War have on men and masculinity beyond the years of the conflict?

Core Reading:

Higonnet, M.R., and Higonnet, P.L.R., ‘The Double Helix’, in M.R. Higonnet, J. Jenson, S. Michel and M. Collins (eds), Behind the lines : gender and the two world wars (New Haven, Connecticut, and London, 1987), pp.31-47

Meyer, J., Men of war : masculinity and the First World War in Britain (Basingstoke, 2009) – start with introduction, and have a look at another chapter of interest. Available online

Roper, M., The secret battle : emotional survival in the Great War (Manchester, 2009), Introduction Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Additional Reading:

Bibbings, L., Telling tales about men : conceptions of conscientious objectors to military service during the First World War (MUP, 2011)

— ‘Image of Manliness: The Portrayal of Soldiers and Conscientious Objectors in the Great War’, Social & legal studies. 12:3 (2003), pp.335-58

Bourke, J., Dismembering the male : men's bodies, Britain and the Great War (London, 1996)

— ‘Fragmentation, fetishization and men’s bodies in Britain, 1890-1939, Women : a cultural review. 55:1 (2003),pp.111-133

Bruley, S. ‘The love of an unknown soldier: a story of mystery, myth and masculinity in World War 1’, Contemporary British history. 19:4 (2005), pp.459-479

— ‘Effeminacy, Ethnicity and the End of Trauma: The Sufferings of ‘Shell-Shocked’ Men in Great Britain and Ireland, 1914-39’, Journal of contemporary history. 35:1 (2000), pp.57-69

Carden-Coyne, A. (ed.), Gender and conflict since 1914 : historical and interdisciplinary perspectives (Palgrave Macmillan, 2012)

Carden-Coyne, A., ‘Men in Pain: Silence, Stories and Soldiers' Bodies in WW1’, in N. Saunders and P. Cornish (eds), Bodies in conflict : corporeality, materiality, and transformation. (Abingdon, 2014), pp. 53-64

Cohen, D. The war come home : disabled veterans in Britain and Germany, 1914-1939 (University of California Press, 2001)

Davenport, P., ‘Remaking the Fighting Man: Martial Masculinity and the British Army’s Command Depots, 1915-18’, Contemporary British history. 30:3 (2016), pp.349-67

Fletcher, A. ‘Patriotism, identity and commemoration: new light on the Great War from the papers of Major Reggie Chenevix Trench’, History. 19:1 (2005), pp.163-185

Koureas, G. Memory, masculinity, and national identity in British visual culture, 1914-1930 : a study of 'unconquerable manhood' (Ashgate, 2007)

Koven, S. ‘Remembering and Dismemberment: crippled children, wounded soldiers and the Great War in Britain’, The American historical review. 99:4 (1994), pp.1167-1202

Leed, E., No man's land : combat and identity in World War I (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979)

Levsen, S., ‘Constructing Elite Identities: University Students, Military Masculinity and the Consequences of the Great War in Britain and Germany’, Past & present. 198 (2008), pp.147-83

Makepeace, C., ‘Male Heterosexuality and Prostitution during the Great War: British Soldiers' Encounters with Maisons Tolérées’, Cultural and social history. 9:1 (2012), pp.65-83

Paris, M. ‘Boys, books and the Great War’, History today. 50:11 (2000), p.44 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Roper, M., The secret battle : emotional survival in the Great War (Manchester, 2009)

— ‘Re-remembering the soldier hero: the psychic and social construction of memory in personal narratives of the Great War’, History workshop journal. 50 (2000), pp.181-204

— 'Between the Psyche and the Social: masculinity, subjectivity and the First World War Veteran', Journal of Men's Studies 15:3 (2007), pp.251-270 - Available online: http://men.sagepub.com/content/15/3/251.full.pdf

— 'Between manliness and masculinity: the 'war generation' and the psychology of fear in Britain, 1914-1970', The journal of British studies. 44:2 (2005), pp.343-363

Showalter, E., The female malady : women, madness and English culture 1830-1980 (London, 1987)

Smith, R. Jamaican volunteers in the First World War : race, masculinity and the development of national consciousness (MUP, 2004)

Tynan, J., ‘Military Dress and Men’s Outdoor Leisurewear: Burberry’s Trench Coat in First World War Britain’, Journal of design history. 24:2 (2011), pp.139-56

Ugolini, L. Civvies : middle-class men on the English home front, 1914-18 (MUP 2013)

 

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Changing home life in interwar Britain (Week 5)

Class questions: 

How important was the home and family life in configurations of masculinity in interwar Britain? Did these identities differ in terms of social class background? How did men spend their leisure time at home? Were many fathers involving themselves in family life?

Core Reading:

Bingham, A., ‘An Era of Domesticity'? Histories of Women and Gender in Interwar Britain’, Cultural and social history. 1:2 (2004), pp.225-233

Fisher, T., ‘Fatherhood and the British Fathercraft Movement, 1919-1939’, Gender & history. 17:2 (2005), pp.441-62

Light, A. Forever England : femininity, literature and conservatism between the wars (Routledge, 1991), Introduction.

Additional Reading:

Bingham, A., Gender, modernity, and the popular press in inter-war Britain (Oxford, 2004)

Bland, L., ‘White Women and Men of Colour: Miscegenation fears in Britain after the Great War’, Gender & history. 17:1 (2005), pp.29-61

Bourke, J., Working class cultures in Britain, 1890-1960 : gender, class, and ethnicity (London, 1994)

Delap, L., Griffin, B. and Wills, A. The politics of domestic authority in Britain since 1800 (Palgrave Macmillan, 2009)

Grant, J. ‘A “real boy” and not a sissy: gender, childhood and masculinity, 1890-1940’, Journal of Social History. 37:4, pp.829-851

Hammerton, A.J., ‘The English Weakness? Gender, Satire and Moral Manliness in the Lower Middle Class, 1870-1920’, in A. Kidd and D. Nicholls (eds.), Gender, civic culture and consumerism : middle-class identity in Britain, 1800-1940 (Manchester, 1999), pp.164-82

Houlbrook, M., Queer London : perils and pleasures in the sexual metropolis, 1918-1957 (Chicago, 2006)

Kent, S.K., Making Peace: The Reconstruction of Gender in Interwar Britain (Princeton, New Jersey, 1993)

Kidd, A., and Nicholls, D. (eds.), Gender, civic culture and consumerism : middle-class identity in Britain, 1800-1940 (Manchester, 1999)

King, L., Family men : fatherhood and masculinity in Britain, 1914-1960 (Oxford, 2015)

McKibbin, R., Classes and cultures : England 1918-1951 (Oxford, 1998)

Paris, M. ‘The youth of our nation in symbol: making and remaking the masculine ideal in the era of the two world wars’ in Brocklehurst, H. and Phillips, R. History, nationhood and the question of Britain (Palgrave Macmillan, 2004)

Roberts, E., A woman's place : an oral history of working-class women 1890-1940 (Oxford, 1984)

Roper, M. ‘Between manliness and masculinity: the ‘war generation’ and the psychology of fear in Britain, 1914-1970’, The journal of British studies. 44:2 (2004)

Tate, T. ‘King Baby: Infant care into the peace’ in Tate, T. and Kennedy, K. The silent morning : culture and memory after the Armistice (Manchester, 2013), pp.104-130

 

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Working and unemployed men in interwar Britain (Week 6)

Class questions:

How did work figure within men's identities? Did this differ according to different types of jobs or different levels of status within the workplace? What was the impact of mass unemployment, on individual men and on cultural constructions of masculinity?

Core Reading:

Levine-Clark, M., ‘The Politics of Preference: Masculinity, Marital Status and Unemployment Relief in Post-First World War Britain’, Cultural and social history. 7:2 (2010), pp.233-52

Penlington, N., ‘Masculinity and Domesticity in 1930s South Wales: Did Unemployment Change the Domestic Division of Labour?’, 20th century British history. 21:3 (2010), pp.281-99

Additional Reading:

Alexander, S., ‘Men’s Fears and Women’s Work: Responses to Unemployment in London between the Wars’, Gender & history. 12:2 (2000), pp.401-25

Bakke, E.W., The unemployed man : a social study (London, 1933)

Beale, H.L., and Lambert, R.S. (eds), Memoirs of the unemployed (originally published 1934)

Bingham, A., Gender, modernity, and the popular press in inter-war Britain (Oxford, 2004)

Burnett, J., Idle hands : the experience of unemployment, 1790-1990 (London, 1994)

French, M. and A. Popp, ‘Ambassadors of commerce: the commercial traveller in British culture, 1800-1930’, Business history review. 82 (2008), pp.789-814

Greenfield, J., O’Connell, S., and Reid, C., ‘Fashioning Masculinity: Men Only, Consumption and the Development of Marketing in the 1930s’, 20th century British history. 10:4 (1999), pp.457-76

Greenwood, W., Love on the Dole (originally published 1933). Also see the film of 1941.

Hayes, N., ‘Did Manual Workers Want Industrial Welfare? Canteens, Latrines and Masculinity on British Building Sites 1918–1970’, Journal of Social History. 35:3 (2002), pp.637-658

Honeyman, K. ‘Following suit: men, masculinity and gendered practices in the clothing trade in Leeds, England,1890-1940’, Gender & history., 69:2 (2002), pp.426-446

McKibbin, R., The Ideologies of Class: Social Relations in Britain 1980-1950 (Oxford, 1990)

McKibbin, R., Classes and cultures : England 1918-1951 (Oxford, 1998)

Pilgrim Trust, Men Without Work: A Report made to the Pilgrim Trust (Cambridge, 1938)

Smith, H., Masculinity, class and same-sex desire in industrial England, 1895-1957 (Basingstoke, 2015)

Todd, S., ‘Flappers and Factory Lads: Youth and Youth Culture in Interwar Britain’, History compass. 4:4 (2006), pp.715-30

Ward, S., Unemployment and the state in Britain : the means test and protest in 1930s south Wales and north-east England (Manchester, 2013)

 

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The Second World War (Week 7)

Class questions: 

How did models of masculinity in the Second World War compare to those in the First? Were men’s experiences of warfare different to previous conflicts, both at home and when serving abroad? How did men experience changing gender relations in the light of women’s contribution to the war effort?

Core Reading:

Higonnet, M.R., and Higonnet, P.L.R., ‘The Double Helix’, in M.R. Higonnet, J. Jenson, S. Michel and M. Collins (eds), Behind the lines : gender and the two world wars (New Haven, Connecticut, and London, 1987), pp.31-47

Robb, L., Men at work : the working man in British culture, 1939-1945 (Palgrave Macmillan, 2015)

Rose, S.O. ‘Temperate Heroes: Concepts of Masculinity in Second World War Britain’, in S. Dudink, K. Hagemann and J. Tosh (eds), Masculinities in politics and war : gendering modern history (Manchester, 2004), pp.177-97 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva . Also available in Sonya O. Rose, Which people's war? : national identity and citizenship in Britain 1939-1945 (Oxford, 2003).

Additional Reading:

Carden-Coyne, A. (ed.), Gender and conflict since 1914 : historical and interdisciplinary perspectives (Palgrave Macmillan, 2012)

Chand, A., ‘Conflicting Masculinities? Men in Reserved Occupations in Clydeside 1939-45’, Journal of Scottish historical studies. 34:2 (2014), pp.218-36

Cohen, D. The war come home : disabled veterans in Britain and Germany, 1914-1939 (University of California Press, 2001)

Francis, M., The flyer : British culture and the Royal Air Force, 1939-1945 (Oxford and New York, 2008)

— ‘A Flight from Commitment? Domesticity, Adventure and the Masculine Imaginary in Britain after the Second World War’, Gender & history. 19:1 (2007), pp.163-85

Noakes, L., War and the British : gender, memory and national identity (London, 1998)

Noakes, L., ‘Gender, Grief, and Bereavement in Second World War Britain’, Journal of war and culture studies. 8:1 (2015), pp.72-85

Pattinson, J., Noakes, L. and Ugolini, W., ‘Incarcerated Masculinities: Male POWs and the Second World War’, Journal of war and culture studies. 7 (2014), pp.179-190

Pattinson, J., ‘The thing that made me hesitate …’: re-examining gendered intersubjectivities in interviews with British secret war veterans’, Women's history review. 20:2 (2011), pp.245-263

Peniston-Bird, C., ‘Classifying the Body in the Second World War: British Men In and Out of Uniform’, Body & society. 9:4 (2003), pp.31-48

Robb, L., “His own weapons to his own battlefront”: cultural representations of the working man in British culture, 1939 - 1945’ in W. Ugolini and J. Pattinson (eds), Fighting for Britain? : negotiating identities in Britain during the Second World War (Peter Lang, 2015)

--- ‘‘The Front Line’: Firefighting in British Culture, 1939–1945’, Contemporary British history. 29:2 (2015), pp.179-198

Rose, S.O., Which people's war? : national identity and citizenship in Britain 1939-1945 (Oxford, 2003)

--- ‘Sex, Citizenship, and the Nation in World War II Britain’, The American historical review. 103:4 (1998), pp.1147-76

Schaffer, G., ‘Unmasking the ‘muscle Jew’: the Jewish soldier in British War Service, 1899-1945’, Patterns of prejudice. 46:3/4 (2012), pp.375-96

Summerfield, P., ‘Divisions at Sea: Class, Gender, Race, and Nation in Maritime Films of the Second World War, 1939–60’, 20th century British history. 22:3 (2011), pp.330-353

Summerfield, P., & Peniston-Bird, C., Contesting home defence : men, women and the Home Guard in the Second World War (Manchester, 2007)

 

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Home and family in the 1940s and 1950s (Week 8)

Class questions:

Did the post-war period see a new dominance of family-orientated masculinity? How was home and family life changing in this period? Were the experiences of men in this period significantly different to previous decades?

Core Reading:

Francis, M., ‘A Flight from Commitment? Domesticity, Adventure and the Masculine Imaginary in Britain after the Second World War’, Gender & history. 19:1 (2007), pp.163-85

King, L. ‘‘Now you see a great many men pushing their pram proudly’: Family-orientated masculinity represented and experienced in mid-twentieth-century Britain’, Cultural and social history. 10:4 (2013), pp.599-617

Additional Reading:

Abrams, L., ‘“There was Nobody like my Daddy”: Fathers, the Family and the Marginalisation of Men in Modern Scotland’, The Scottish historical review. 78:2 (1999), pp.219-42 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Allport, A., Demobbed : coming home after World War Two (New Haven and London, 2009)

Bourke, J., Working class cultures in Britain, 1890-1960 : gender, class, and ethnicity (London, 1994)

Collins, M., ‘Pride and Prejudice: West Indian Men in Mid-Twentieth-Century Britain’, The journal of British studies. 40:3 (2001), pp.391-418

Dennis, N., Henriques, F. and Slaughter, C. [1956], Coal is our Life: An Analysis of a Yorkshire Mining Community (London, 1969, first published 1956)

Finch, J., and Summerfield, P., ‘Social Reconstruction and the Emergence of Companionate Marriage, 1945-59’, in D. Clark (ed.), Marriage, domestic life and social change : writings for Jacqueline Burgoyne (1944-88) (London, 1991), pp.7-32

Francis, M., ‘The Domestication of the Male? Recent research on Nineteenth- and Twentieth-Century British Masculinity’, The historical journal. 45:3 (2002), pp.637-52

Harris, A., ‘“A Paradise on Earth, a Foretaste of Heaven”: English Catholic Understandings of Domesticity and Marriage, 1945-1965’, in L. Delap, B. Griffin and A. Wills (eds), The politics of domestic authority in Britain since 1800 (Basingstoke, 2009), pp.155-81

Hart, N., ‘Gender and the Rise and Fall of Class Politics’, New left review. 175 (1989), pp.19-47

King, L., 'Hidden Fathers? The Significance of Fatherhood in Mid-Twentieth-Century Britain', Contemporary British history., 26:1 (2012), pp.25-46

King, L., Family men : fatherhood and masculinity in Britain, 1914-1960 (Oxford, 2015)

Langhamer, C., ‘Love, Selfhood and Authenticity in Post-War Britain’, Cultural and social history. 9(2) (2012), pp.277-97

Mort, F., 'Social and Symbolic Fathers and Sons in Postwar Britain', The journal of British studies. 38:3 (1999), pp.353-84

Webster, W., Imagining home : gender, "race" and national identity, 1945-64 (1998)

Young, M., and Willmott, P. [1957], Family and Kinship in East London (Harmondsworth, 1967)

 

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Work, class and affluence in the 1940s and 1950s (Week 9)

Class questions: 

How did class and gender identities intersect in the post-war decades? What was the impact of affluence on models of masculinity? Did this period witness a feminisation of the affluent worker?

Core Reading:

Brooke, S., ‘Gender and Working Class Identity in Britain during the 1950s’, Journal of Social History. 34:4 (2001), pp.773-95

Lawrence, J., ‘Class, ‘Affluence’ and the Study of Everyday Life in Britain, c.1930-64’, Cultural and social history. 10:2 (2013), pp.273-99

Additional Reading:

Goldthorpe, J.H., Lockwood, D., Bechhofer, D., and Platt, J. [1968], The Affluent worker in the class structure (Cambridge, 1969)

Jobling, P., Advertising menswear : masculinity and fashion in the British media since 1945 (Bloomsbury, 2014)

Langhamer, C., ‘The Meanings of Home in Postwar Britain’, Journal of contemporary history. 40:2 (2005), pp.341-62

Mogey, J.M., ‘Changes in Family Life Experienced by English Workers Moving from Slums to Housing Estates’, Marriage and Family Living 17:2 (1955), pp.123-8

Mort, F, and Thompson, P., ‘Retailing, Commercial Culture and Masculinity in 1950s Britain: The case of Montague Burton, the ‘Tailor of Taste’’, History workshop journal. 38 (1994), pp.106-127

Roper, M., Masculinity and the British organization man since 1945 (Oxford, 1994)

Savage, M., Identities and social change in Britain since 1940 : the politics of method (Oxford, 2010)

Smith-Wilson, D., ‘A New Look at the Affluent Worker: The Good Working Mother in Post-War Britain’, 20th century British history. 17:2 (2006), pp.206-29

Todd, S., ‘Breadwinners and Dependants: Working-Class Young People in England, 1918-1955’, International review of social history. 52 (2007), pp.57-87

— ‘Affluence, Class and Crown Street: Reinvestigating the Post-War Working Class’, Contemporary British history. 50:1 (2008), pp.501-18

The people : the rise and fall of the working class, 1910-2010 (London, 2014)

Willmott, P. and Young, M., Family and class in a London suburb (London, 1960)

Wills, A., ‘Delinquency, Masculinity and Citizenship in England 1950-1970’, Past & present. 187 (2005), pp.157-85

Zweig, F., The worker in an affluent society : family life and industry. (London, 1961)

 

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Changing sexualities 1860-1960 (Week 10)

Class questions: 

How important is (hetero)sexuality to male identities? Did this vary along class lines or in different parts of the country? Does this century represent a period of change or continuity in male sexual identities?

Core Reading:

Brady, S. Masculinity and male homosexuality in Britain, 1861-1913 (Palgrave Macmillan, 2005), especially ch.1. Available online

Smith, H., Masculinity, class and same-sex desire in industrial England, 1895-1957 (Basingstoke, 2015), especially chs 1 and 5

Szreter, S., and Fisher, K., Sex before the sexual revolution : intimate life in England 1918-1963 (Cambridge, 2010), especially chs 2,3 and 8

Additional Reading:

Bengry, J., ‘Courting the Pink Pound: Men Only and the Queer Consumer, 1935-39’ History workshop journal. 68:1 (2009), pp.122-48

Bingham, A., Family newspapers? : sex, private life, and the British popular press 1918-1978 (Oxford, 2009)

Collins, M., ‘The Pornography of Permissiveness: Men’s Sexuality and Women’s Emancipation in Mid-Twentieth Century Britain’, History workshop journal. 47 (1999), pp.99-120

Cook, M., London and the culture of homosexuality, 1885-1914 (Cambridge University Press, 2003)

Das, S., ‘’Kiss me, Hardy’: intimacy, gender and gesture in First World War trench literature’, Modernism/modernity. 9:1 (2002), pp.51-74

Fisher, K., ‘“She was quite satisfied with the arrangements I made”: Gender and Birth Control in Britain 1920-1950’, Past & present. 169 (2000), pp.161-93

Hall, L.A., Sex, Gender and Social Change in Britain since 1880 (Basingstoke, 2000)

Hall, L.A., Hidden anxieties : male sexuality, 1900-1950 (Cambridge, 1991)

Houlbrook, M., Queer London : perils and pleasures in the sexual metropolis, 1918-1957 (University of Chicago Press, 2005)

Jones, T., ‘Moral Welfare and Social Well-Being: The Church of England and the Emergence of Modern Homosexuality’, in Delap, L., and Morgan, S. (eds), Men, masculinities and religious change in twentieth-century Britain (Basingstoke, 2013), pp.197-217

Meek, J., ‘”That Class of Men”: Effeminacy, Sodomy and Failed Masculinities in Inter- and Post-War Scotland’, in L. Abrams, and E. Ewan (eds.),

Nine centuries of man : manhood and masculinity in Scottish history ISBN: 9781474403894 (hardback); 1474403891 (hardback); 9781474403900; 9781474403917 (Edinburgh, 2017)

Mort, F., Capital affairs : London and the making of the permissive society (New Haven and London, 2010)

Nelson, C. ‘Sex and the single boy: ideals of manliness and sexuality in Victorian literature for boys’, Victorian studies. 32:4 (1989)

 

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Conceptualising the history of masculinity (Week 11)

Class questions:

What is the relationship between constructions of masculinity in public discourses and the behaviour of men within everyday life? What theoretical models have been helpful for increasing our understanding of men and masculinity? What do historians gain from studying gender?

Reading:

Boydston, J., ‘Gender as a Question of Historical Analysis’, Gender & history. 20:3 (2008), pp.558-583

Scott, J.W., ‘Gender: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis’, The American historical review. 91:5 (1986), pp.1053-75

Find a source:

Each student will be expected to locate, analyse and present a primary source material in one seminar class each. This list provides a selection of archives and online collections where you might identify a source relating to the seminar topic of the week.

The Cartoons Archive - www.cartoons.ac.uk

The Manchester Guardian and The Times online, available through the Library website ( https://library.leeds.ac.uk/papers )

Newspaper databases - Nineteenth Century Serials Edition, British Library newspapers ( https://library.leeds.ac.uk/papers )

Thomson and Newby collection (online at http://discover.ukdataservice.ac.uk/catalogue? sn=4938 )

IWM collections (online at http://www.iwm.org.uk/collections-research )

Liddle collection (University of Leeds Special Collections, Brotherton Library)

Leeds archives of vernacular culture ( http://library.leeds.ac.uk/special-collections-leeds-archive-of-vernacular-culture )

Hansard, Parliamentary Debates of the Houses of Commons and Lords (online at http://hansard.millbanksystems.com )

History to Herstory online archives ( http://www.historytoherstory.org.uk )

Marks and Spencer Archive

Feminist Archive North (hosted in Special Collections, Brotherton Library)

You might also find helpful this collection of materials relating to gender: http://gender-archives.leeds.ac.uk/

This list was last updated on 02/09/2017