Leeds University Library

HIST5867M
Module Reading List

The Fragility of the Spanish State: Identity, Conflict and Resistance, 1808-1939, 2017/18, Semester 1
Dr Peter Anderson
p.p.anderson@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

SEMINAR PROGRAMME

WEEK 1: The Long Nineteenth Century (G. Alonso)

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

How important were wars in the emergence of Liberal ideas in the Hispanic World?

To what extent did Spanish versions of Liberalism diverge from European trends?

Discuss the role of military leaders in the creation and consolidation of Liberalism in Spain.

PRIMARY SOURCES

Spain's 1812 Constitution. Translator’s preface and excerpts.

https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=TLpFAQAAMAAJ&pg=PR3&dq=1812+spain+constitution&hl=en&sa=X&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=1812%20spain%20constitution&f=false

COMPULSORY READING

Burdiel, Isabel, 'The Liberal Revolution, 1808-1843' in Alvarez Junco, José and Adrian Shubert, (eds.), Spanish History since 1808, (London: Arnold, 2000), pp. 17-32.

Cruz, Jesús, 'The Moderate ascendancy, 1843-1868' in Jose Alvarez Junco and Adrian Shubert, (eds.), Spanish History since 1808, (London: Arnold, 2000), pp. 33-47.

IMPORTANT READING

Álvarez Junco, José, Spanish identity in the age of nations ISBN: 9780719075797 (hbk.) : £90.00; 0719075793 (hbk.) : £90.00, (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2011).

Burdiel, Isabel, ‘Myths of failure, myths of success: new perspectives on nineteenth-century Spanish liberalism’, The journal of modern history. ISSN: 0022-2801; 1537-5358 70, 4, (1998), pp. 892–912.

Carr, Raymond, Spain 1808-1975 ISBN: 0198221282 (pbk); 0198221274 (hbk), (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1966).

Shubert, Adrian, A Social History of Modern Spain, (London: Routledge, 1990).

Ross, Christopher J., Spain, 1812-2004 ISBN: 034081506x, (London: Arnold, 2000).

LEARN MORE

Esdaile, Charles D., Spain in the liberal age : from constitution to Civil War, 1808-1939 ISBN: 0631149880 (hb), (Oxford: Blackwell, 2000).

Hammet, David R., “Constitutional Theory and Political Reality: Liberalism and Traditionalism and the Cadiz Cortes”, The journal of modern history. ISSN: 0022-2801; 1537-5358, 49, 1, (1977), pp. 1071-1110.

Ringrose, David, Spain, Europe, and the "Spanish miracle", 1700-1900 ISBN: 9780521646307 (pbk.); 0521646308 (pbk.); 9780521434867 (hbk.); 0521434866 (hbk.), (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

Vincent, Mary, Spain 1833-2002 : people and state, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007).

Top of page

WEEK 2: Church and State in Modern Spain: the battle for minds and bodies (G. Alonso)

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

Why was Spain religiously intolerant throughout most of the nineteenth century?

What were the main areas of conflict in the relationship between civil and ecclesiastical authorities in nineteenth-century Spain?

‘When a religion is good, I conceive it will support itself; and when it does not support itself, and God does not take care to support it so that its professors are obliged to call for help of the civil power, 'tis a sign, I apprehend, of its being a bad one.’

—Benjamin Franklin, Works, Vol. XIII, p. 506

PRIMARY SOURCES

Adolfo de Castro, History of religious intolerance in Spain; or An examination of some of the causes which led to that Nation’s decline (London: William and Frederick G. Cash, 1859). Preface and conclusions.

Available at https://ia600202.us.archive.org/16/items/historyofreligio00castuoft/historyofreligio00castuoft.pdf

Declaration set forth by the Central Consistory of the Spanish Reformed Church, (London: William Macintosh, 1868), pp. 7-19.

Available at https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=op5cAAAAcAAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false

COMPULSORY READING

Alonso, Gregorio, 'A Transatlantic Loyalty in the Age of Independence: Catholicism and Nation Building in Spain and Latin America' in Paul Garner and Angel Smith Nationalism and Transnationalism in Spain and Latin America, 1808–1923 ISBN: 9781783169733 (e-book).  (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2017), pp. 45-68.

Callahan, William J., ‘Church and State, 1808-1874’, in Alvarez Junco, José and Adrian Shubert, (eds.), Spanish History since 1808, (London: Arnold, 2000), pp. 33-47.

IMPORTANT READING

Callahan, William J., Church, politics and society in Spain, 1750-1874 ISBN: 0674131258, (Cambridge (Mass): Harvard University Press, 1984).

Callahan, William J., The Catholic Church in Spain, 1875-1998 ISBN: 0813209617 (hbk); 9780813219813 (pbk), (Washington DC: Catholic University Press, 2000).

Fernández Sebastián, Javier, ‘Toleration and Freedom of Expression in the Hispanic World Between Enlightenment and Liberalism’, Past & present. ISSN: 0031-2746 211, 1, (2011), pp. 159-197.

Lannon, Frances, Privilege, persecution, and prophecy : the Catholic Church in Spain, 1875-1975 ISBN: 0198219237, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987).

Mitchell, Timothy, Betrayal of the innocents : desire, power, and the Catholic Church in Spain ISBN: 0812216598 (pbk. : alk. paper ; cloth : alk. paper), (PUP: Philadelphia, 1998).

LEARN MORE

Lannon, Frances, ‘The Socio-Political Role of the Spanish Church - A Case Study’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 14, 2 (1979), pp. 193-210.

Payne, Stanley G., Spanish catholicism : an historical overview ISBN: 0299098001 : 27.50, (Madison, Wis.: University of Wisconsin Press, 1984).

Pike, Frederik B., ‘Spanish Origins of the Socio-Political Ideology of the Catholic Church in Nineteenth-Century Spanish America’, The Americas ISSN: 0003-1615¸ 29, 1, (1972), pp. 1-16.

Quiroga, Alejandro ‘The roots of National Catholicism’ in Making Spaniards : Primo de Rivera and the nationalization of the masses, 1923-30 ISBN: 9780230019683 (hbk.) : £45.00; 0230019684 (hbk.) : £45.00, (London: Palgrave, 2007), chapter 1.

Top of page

WEEK 3: Desecrating rage: violent anticlericalism in Spain from 1808 to 1936 (G. Alonso)

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

Why was anticlerical violence so recurrent in Spain between 1808 and 1936?

Compare and contrast Spain’s anticlericalism with British toleration and French secularism.

How effective was sacrophobic violence and blasphemy in the struggle against Catholic traditionalism?

PRIMARY SOURCES

Quinet, Edgar, Ultramontanism, or The Roman Church and modern society ISBN: 9781145208841. (New York: Gates and Stedman, 1845, Chapter II: “Political Results of Catholicism in Spain”, pp. 20-36.

Available at

https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=rw4EAAAAQAAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false

COMPULSORY READING

de la Cueva, Julio, “The assault on the city of Levites: Spain”, in Clark, Christopher, and Wolfram Kaiser, Culture wars : secular-Catholic conflict in nineteenth-century Europe. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2003, pp. 181-202.

Pérez Ledesma, Manuel, “Studies on Anticlericalism in Contemporary Spain”, International review of social history. ISSN: 0020-8590 46, 2, (2001), pp. 227-255.

Thomas, Maria, “The Faith and the Fury: The Construction of Anticlerical Collective Identities in Spain, 1874-1931”, European history quarterly. ISSN: 0265-6914 43, 1, pp. 73-95.

IMPORTANT READING

Brenan, Gerald, The Spanish Labyrinth. An account of the social and political background of the Spanish civil war. Canto, Cambridge, 1998 (1943), chapter 3.

Mitchell, Timothy, “The Anticlerical Imagery, 1808-1901” in Betrayal of the innocents : desire, power, and the Catholic Church in Spain ISBN: 0812216598 (pbk. : alk. paper ; cloth : alk. paper). University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 1998, pp. 32-63.

 Sanabria, Enrique, Republicanism and anticlerical nationalism in Spain ISBN: 9780230613317; 0230613314. (New York: Palgrave, 2009).

Thomas, Maria, The faith and the fury : popular anticlerical violence and iconoclasm in Spain, 1931-1936 (Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2013)

Ullman, Joan Connelly, “The Warp and Woof of Parliamentary Politics in Spain, 1808-1939: Anticlericalism versus 'Neo-Catholicism'”, European history quarterly. ISSN: 0265-6914 13 (1983), p. 145-176. - Available online: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/026569148301300203

LEARN MORE

Beck, Ulrich, A God of one's own : religion's capacity for peace and potential for violence ISBN: 9780745646190 (pbk.); 9780745646183 (hardbound); 0745646182 (hardbound); 0745646190 (pbk.) (Cambridge and Malden MA: Polity 2010).

Callahan, William J., “An organizational and pastoral failure. Urbanization, Industrialization and Religion in Spain, 1850-1930”, in Hugh Mcleod, (ed.), European religion in the age of the great cities, 1830-1930 ISBN: 0415095220. (London: Routledge, 1995), p. 43-60.

Christian, William J., Visionaries : the Spanish Republic and the reign of Christ (University of California Press: Berkeley CA, 1996) Introduction and Chapter 1.

O'Connell, James R., “The Spanish Republic: Further Reflections on Its Anticlerical Policies”, The Catholic historical review. ISSN: 0008-8080, Vol. 57, No. 2 (Jul., 1971), p. 275-289.

Valis, Noël Sacred realism : religion and the imagination in modern Spanish narrative ISBN: 9780300152340 (alk. paper); 0300152345 (alk. paper), (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2010).

Top of page

WEEKS 4-7: National and Regional identities in Modern Spain, 1808-1936 (G. Alonso and P. Anderson)

GENERAL READING ON NATIONALISM AND REGIONALISM

Alter, Peter, Nationalism, 2nd edn, (London, 1994).

Anderson, Benedict, Imagined communities : reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism, Second Edition (London/New York, 1991), chapter 1.

Applegate, Celia, ‘A Europe of Regions: Reflections on the Historiography of Sub-National Places in Modern Times’, The American historical review. ISSN: 0002-8762 vol. 104, no. 4 (1999), pp. 1157-1182.

Gellner, Ernst Nations and nationalism. (London: Basil Blackwell, 1983)

Hobsbawm, E. J., Nations and Nationalism since 1780, Second Edition (Cambridge, 1992).

Hobsbawm, E.J. and Ranger, T., The Invention of Tradition (Cambridge University, 1977), chapter 1.

Umbach, Maiken, ‘Nation and Region: Regionalism in Modern Nation States’, in Timothy Baycroft and Mark Hewitson, What is a nation? : Europe 1789-1914 ISBN: 9780199295753 (alk. paper); 0199295751 (alk. paper) (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006), pp. 63-80.

Smith, Anthony D., National identity ISBN: 0140125655 (Cambridge, 2001).

Top of page

Week 4: Building the Spanish State, 1808-1914. Success or Failure? (G. Alonso)

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

To what extent did the Spanish state “fail” effectively to build a nation state?

What were the consequences of the “Disaster” of 1898 for Spanish nation identity?

How was Spanish national identity constructed (myths, symbols, traditions)?

PRIMARY SOURCES

José Ortega y Gasset, Invertebrate Spain. (London: Allen and Unwin, 1937) Part I: “Particularism and direct action”.

COMPULSORY READING

Alvarez Junco, José, ‘The Nation-Building Process in Nineteenth-Century Spain’, in Clare Mar-Molinero and Angel Smith (eds), Nationalism and the nation in the Iberian Peninsula : competing and conflicting identities ISBN: 1859731759 (pbk); 1859731805 (Oxford, 1996), pp. 89-106.

Shubert, Adrian, A Social History of Modern Spain (London, 1990), pp. 168-90.

Balfour, Sebastian, ‘The loss of empire, regenerationism, and the forging of the myth of national identity’, in Helen Graham and Jo Labanyi (eds), Spanish cultural studies : an introduction : the struggle for modernity ISBN: 0198151993 (pbk); 0198151950 (Oxford, 1995).

IMPORTANT READING

Alvarez Junco, José, Spanish identity in the age of nations ISBN: 9780719075797 (hbk.) : £90.00; 0719075793 (hbk.) : £90.00 (Manchester, 2011).

Balfour, Sebastian, ‘The Lion and the Pig: Nationalism and National Identity in Fin-de-Siècle Spain’, in Mar Molinero, Clare and Angel Smith (eds), Nationalism and the nation in the Iberian Peninsula : competing and conflicting identities ISBN: 1859731759 (pbk); 1859731805.

Balfour, Sebastian, The end of the Spanish empire, 1898-1923 ISBN: 0198205074 (Oxford, 1997).

Boyd, Carolyn P., Historia patria : politics, history, and national identity in Spain, 1875-1975 ISBN: 0691026564 (cl : alk. paper) (Princeton, 1997).

Blinkhorn, Martin, ‘Spain: the “Spanish problem” and the imperial myth’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, vol.15, no.1 (1980), pp. 5-26.

Blinkhorn, Martin, ‘Conservatism, traditionalism and fascism in Spain, 1898-1937’, in Martin Blinkhorn (ed), Fascists and conservatives : the radical right and the establishment in twentieth-century Europe ISBN: 0049400878 (pbk ; cased) : £8.95; 004940086X (London, 1990), pp.118-137.

Fox, Iman E., ‘Spain as Castile: Nationalism and national identity’, in David T. Gies (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Modern Spanish Culture (Cambridge, 1999).

Fusi, Juan Pablo, ‘Centre and periphery 1900-1936: national integration and regional nationalism reconsidered’, in P Preston and F. Lannon (eds.), Élites and power in twentieth-century Spain : essays in honour of Sir Raymond Carr ISBN: 0198228805 (Oxford, 1989).

Linz, Juan José, ‘From primordialism to nationalism’, in E.A. Tiryakian and R, Rogowski (eds.), New nationalisms of the developed West : toward explanation ISBN: 0043201679 (Boston, 1985).

Linz, Juan José, ‘Early state building and late peripheral nationalism against the state: the case of Spain’, in S. Eisenstadt and S. Rokkan (eds.), Building states and nations (London and Beverley Hills, 1973).

González-Aja, Teresa, ‘Sport, Nationalism and Militarism–Alfonso XIII: Sportsman, Soldier, King’ The international journal of the history of sport ISSN: 0952-3367, 28.14 (2011), pp. 1987-2030.

Jacobson, Stephen, ‘Spain: the Iberian Mosaic’, in Mark Hewitson and Timothy Baycroft (eds), What is a nation? : Europe 1789-1914 ISBN: 9780199295753 (alk. paper); 0199295751 (alk. paper) (Oxford, 2006), pp. 210-27.

Mar-Molinero, Clare and Angel Smith (eds), Introductory chapter to, Nationalism and the nation in the Iberian Peninsula : competing and conflicting identities ISBN: 1859731759 (pbk); 1859731805 (Oxford, 1996).

Moreno-Luzón, Javier, ‘Fighting for the national memory: The commemoration of the Spanish" War of Independence" in 1908-1912.’ History & memory. ISSN: 0935-560x 19.1 (2007), pp. 68-94.

Moreno-Luzón, Javier, Modernizing the nation : Spain during the reign of Alfonso XIII, 1902-1931 ISBN: 9781845195052 (h/b : alk. paper)  (Brighton, 2012).

Moreno-Luzón, Javier, and Xosé M. Núñez Seixas, (eds.) Metaphors of Spain : representations of Spanish national identity in the twentieth century ISBN: 9781785334665 hardcover ; alkaline paper; 1785334662 hardcover ; alkaline paper; 9781785334672 electronic book. Vol. 1. (Oxford: Berghahn Books, 2017).

Moreno-Luzón, Javier, and Xosé M. Núñez Seixas. ‘The Flag and the Anthem.’ In Metaphors of Spain : representations of Spanish national identity in the twentieth century ISBN: 9781785334665 hardcover ; alkaline paper; 1785334662 hardcover ; alkaline paper; 9781785334672 electronic book 1 (2017).

Moreno-Luzón, Javier. "Performing Monarchy and Spanish Nationalism (1902–13)." Transnational Histories of the 'Royal Nation' ISBN: 9783319505237 (e-book), 2017, pp. 203-222.

Pozo, María Mar, and J.F.A. Braster, ‘The Re-Birth of the Spanish Race: State, Nationalism and Education in Spain, 1875-1931’, European history quarterly. ISSN: 0265-6914, vol.29, no.1, 1999.

Smith, Angel, ‘The People and the Nation: Nationalist mobilization and the crisis of the 1895-98 in Spain’ in Smith, Angel and Emma Dávila Cox, The crisis of 1898 : colonial redistribution and nationalist mobilization (Basingstoke, 1999).

Smith, Angel, The origins of Catalan nationalism, 1770-1898 ISBN: 9781137354488 (hbk.) : £60.00 (Basingstoke, 2014), ch.1.

Top of page

WEEK 5: National Identity and Regional Identity, 1808-1898 (P. Anderson)

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTION

What were the linkages between regional identity and national identity?

In what context did regional identity reinforce national identity and in what context could it question national identity?

PRIMARY SOURCES

TBA

COMPULSORY READING

Núñez Seixas, Xosé M., ‘The Region as Essence of the Fatherland. Regional Variants of Spanish Nationalism (1840-1936)’, European history quarterly. ISSN: 0265-6914, 31, 4 (2001), pp. 483-518.

IMPORTANT READING

Marfany, Joan-Lluís, ‘“Minority” languages and language revivals’, in Past & present. ISSN: 0031-2746, no.184 (2004), pp.137-168.

Núñez Seixas, Xosé M., ‘Region building in Spain during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries’, in G. Brunn, (ed), Region und Regionsbildung in Europa : Konzeptionen der Forschung und empirische Befunde, wissenschaftliche Konferenz, Siegen, 10.-11. Oktober 1995 ISBN: 378904458X (Baden-Baden, 1996).

Smith, Angel, The origins of Catalan nationalism, 1770-1898, (Basingstoke: Palgrave-Macmillan, 2014), introduction and chapters 1-4.

Marfany, Joan-Lluís, ‘Catalonia and Spain’, in Isabel Burdiel and James Casey (eds), Identities : nations, provinces and regions, 1550-1900 : proceedings of the III Anglo-Spanish Historical Studies Seminar held at the University of East Anglia, 25-26 October 1996 (Norwich, 1999), pp. 121-132.

Máiz, Ramon, ‘The Open Ended Construction of a Nation: The Galician Case in Spain’, in Beramendi, Justo G., Máiz, Ramón and Núñez, Xosé M. (eds), Nationalism in Europe. Past and Present, vol. II, (Santiago de Compostela, 1994), pp.173-208

Archilés, Ferran and Manuel Martí, ‘Ethnicity, region and nation: Valencian identity and the Spanish nation state’, Ethnic and racial studies. ISSN: 0141-9870, vol. 24, no. 5, September 2001.

Martí, Manuel, ‘Liberalism, democracy, nation state: a Valencian perspective (1875-1914)’, Bulletin of Hispanic studies. ISSN: 0007-490x (Glasgow), LXXV-5 (1998)

Casey, James, ‘The Valencians and Spain. A Search for Identity’, in Isabel Burdiel and James Casey (eds), Identities : nations, provinces and regions, 1550-1900 : proceedings of the III Anglo-Spanish Historical Studies Seminar held at the University of East Anglia, 25-26 October 1996 (Norwich, 1999).

Umbach, Maiken, ‘A Tale of Second Cities: Autonomy, Culture and Law in Hamburg and Barcelona in the Late Nineteenth Century’, The American historical review. ISSN: 0002-8762, vol. 110, no. 3 (2005), pp. 659-92.

Top of page

WEEK 6: The Catalanist Challenge, 1890-1936 (P. Anderson)

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

Account for the appearance of Catalanism/Catalan nationalism from the 1870s?

Why did Catalanism/Catalan nationalism grow rapidly after the “Disaster of 1898?

What were the key Catalanist identity markers?

Can it be said that between 1917 and 1923 class identity trumped national identity in Catalonia?

COMPULSORY READING

Smith, Angel, The origins of Catalan nationalism, 1770-1898 ISBN: 9781137354488 (hbk.) : £60.00, (Basingstoke, 2014), Chs. 8-9.

IMPORTANT READING

Marfany, Joan-Lluís, ‘Catalonia and Spain’, in Isabel Burdiel and James Casey (eds), Identities : nations, provinces and regions, 1550-1900 : proceedings of the III Anglo-Spanish Historical Studies Seminar held at the University of East Anglia, 25-26 October 1996 (Norwich, 1999), pp. 121-132.

Balcells, Albert, Catalan Nationalism: Past and Present (Basingstoke, 1996).

Conversi, Daniel, ‘Language or race? The choice of core values in the development of Catalan and Basque nationalisms’, Ethnic and racial studies. ISSN: 0141-9870, 13 (1990).

Conversi, Daniel, The Basques, the Catalans and Spain : alternative routes to nationalist mobilisation ISBN: 1850652686 (pbk) : £14.95; 1850652538 (London, 1997).

Díez Medrano, Juan, ‘Patterns of Development and Nationalism: Basque and Catalan Nationalism before the Civil War’, Theory and society. ISSN: 0304-2421, vol.23, no.4 (1994), pp.541-69.

Díez Medrano, Juan, Divided nations : class, politics, and nationalism in the Basque Country and Catalonia ISBN: 0801430925 (Ithaca, 1995).

Ealham, Chris. Class, culture and conflict in Barcelona 1898-1937 ISBN: 0415299616. (London: Routledge, 2005).

Llobera, Josep M., ‘The idea of Volkgeist in the formation of Catalan nationalist ideology’, Ethnic and racial studies. ISSN: 0141-9870, 6, 3 (1983).

Jacobson, Stephen, ‘Law and Nationalism in Nineteenth-Century Europe: The Case of Catalonia in Comparative Perspective’, Law and history review. ISSN: 0738-2480, vol. 20, no. 2 (2000), pp. 307-347.

Harrison, Joseph, ‘La Espanya Catalana: Catalanist plans to transform Spain into a modern Catalanist economy. 1898-1923’, Journal of Iberian and Latin American studies. ISSN: 1470-1847; 1469-9524, vol.7, no.2. (2001), pp.144-54.

Jones, Norman, ‘Regionalism and revolution in Catalonia’, in Paul Preston (ed), Revolution and War in Spain, 1931-1939 (London, 1984).

Payne, Stanley, ‘Nationalism, regionalism and micro-nationalism in Spain’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, vol. 26 (1991).

Smith, Angel, ‘The Lliga Regionalista, the Catalan Right and the Making of the Primo de Rivera Dictatorship, 1916-23, in Francisco J. Romero Salvadó and Angel Smith (eds), The agony of Spanish liberalism : from revolution to dictatorship 1913-23 ISBN: 9780230554245; 0230554245, (Basingstoke, 2010), pp145-174.

Smith, Angel. Anarchism, revolution and reaction : Catalan labour and the crisis of the Spanish State, 1898-1923 (Oxford, 2007).

Top of page

WEEK 7: The Challenge of Basque Nationalism, 1890-1936 (P. Anderson)

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

What were the factors behind the appearance of Basque nationalism in the 1890s?

Why were Basque nationalists able to build a mass movement between the 1900s and the 1930s?

What were the main ideological traits of Basque nationalism?

To what extent can it be said that between the 1900s and 1930s Basque society became divided along ethnic lines?

COMPULSORY READING

Heiberg, Marianne, The making of the Basque nation ISBN: 9780521040280 (pbk.); 0521361036 : £30.00 : CIP confirmed; 9780521361033 (hbk.) (Cambridge, 1979). Part One.

Sullivan, John, ETA and Basque nationalism : the fight for Euskadi 1890-1986 ISBN: 9781138900288 (hbk.) : £85.00; 9781317479598 (ePub ebook) : £85.00; 9781317479604 (PDF ebook) : £85.00; 9781317479581 (Mobipocket ebook) : £85.00 (London, 1988), ch.1.

Watson, Cameron, Modern Basque history : eighteenth century to the present ISBN: 1877802166 (pbk.); 1877802174 (Hardcover); 1877802182 (Compact disk) (Reno: University of Nevada Press, 2003).

IMPORTANT READING

Ben-Ami, Shlomo, ‘Basque nationalism between tradition and modernity’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 26 (1991).

Corcuera Atienza, Javier, The origins, ideology, and organization of Basque nationalism, 1876-1903 ISBN: 9781877802683 (Paper); 1877802689 (Paper), (Reno, 2007).

Douglass, W.A. (ed), Basque politics : a case study in ethnic nationalism ISBN: 0804693986 (alk. paper) (Reno, 1985).

Conversi, Daniel, ‘Language or race? The choice of core values in the development of Catalan and Basque nationalisms’, Ethnic and racial studies. ISSN: 0141-9870, 13 (1990).

Conversi, Daniel, The Basques, the Catalans and Spain : alternative routes to nationalist mobilisation ISBN: 1850652686 (pbk) : £14.95; 1850652538 (London, 1997).

Díez Medrano, Juan, ‘Patterns of Development and Nationalism: Basque and Catalan Nationalism before the Civil War’, Theory and society. ISSN: 0304-2421, vol.23, no.4 (1994), pp.541-69.

Díez Medrano, Juan, Divided nations : class, politics, and nationalism in the Basque Country and Catalonia ISBN: 0801430925 (Ithaca, 1995).

Fusi, Juan Pablo, ‘The Basque question, 1931-37’, in Paul Preston (ed), Revolution and War in Spain, 1931-1939 (London, 1984).

Granja Sainz, José Luis de la, ‘The Basque National Community during the II Spanish Republic’, in Douglass, W.A. (ed), Basque politics : a case study in ethnic nationalism ISBN: 0804693986 (alk. paper) (Reno, 1985).

Payne, Stanley, Basque nationalism ISBN: 0874170427 (Reno, 1975).

Payne, Stanley, ‘Nationalism, regionalism and micro-nationalism in Spain’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, vol. 26 (1991).

Perez-Agote, Alfonso, The social roots of Basque nationalism ISBN: 0874176050 (Reno, 2006).

Top of page

WEEK 8: Spanish Anarchists against the State: origins, theory and practice (R. Cleminson)

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

Which social groups were attracted to anarchism in the nineteenth century and why?

What did anarchists dislike about capitalism and the state?

To what extent did anarchists embrace modern forms of protest?

PRIMARY SOURCES

Erico Malatesta, Between peasants : a dialogue on anarchy, (Zabalaza Books, 2010),

Rocker, Rudolf, Anarcho-syndicalism : theory & practice : an introduction to a subject which the Spanish War has brought into prominence, (Indore: Modern Publishers, 1947).

COMPULSORY READING

Brenan, Gerald, The Spanish labyrinth : an account of the social and political background of the Civil War, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014 [1943]). Chapters 7 and 8    

Duncan, M. G., ‘Spanish Anarchism Refracted: Theme and Image in the Millenarian and Revisionist Literature’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 23, (1988), pp. 323-346.

Hobsbawm, Eric, Primitive rebels : studies in archaic forms of social movement in the 19th and 20th centuries., (New York: Norton, 1965), Chapter 5 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Kaplan, Temma, ‘Female Consciousness and Collective Action: The Case of Barcelona, 1910-1918’, Signs. ISSN: 0097-9740 7(3), 1982, pp. 545-566.

IMPORTANT READING

Bookchin, Murray, The Spanish anarchists : the heroic years, 1868-1936 ISBN: 187317604X (New York: Harper, 1977)

Esenwein, George, Anarchist ideology and the working-class movement in Spain, 1868-1898 ISBN: 0520063988 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989)

Kaplan, Temma, Anarchists of Andalusia 1868-1903 ISBN: 0691052360 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1977)

Kaplan, T., ‘The Social Base of Nineteenth-Century Andalusian Anarchism in Jerez de la Frontera’, The journal of interdisciplinary history. ISSN: 0022-1953, 6, 1, (1975), pp. 47-70

Lidia, C., ‘Agrarian Anarchism in Andalusia. Documents on the Mano Negra’, International review of social history. ISSN: 0020-8590, (1969), pp. 315-352

Martin, B., The agony of modernization : labor and industrialization in Spain, (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1990)

Smith, Angel, ‘Anarchism, the general strike and the Barcelona labour movement, 1899-1914’, European history quarterly. ISSN: 0265-6914, 27, 1 (1997), 5-40.

LEARN MORE

Graham, Robert, We do not fear anarchy, we invoke it : the First International and the origins of the anarchist movement ISBN: 9781849352116; 1849352119, (Edinburgh: AK Press, 2015)    

Kern, R., Red years/black years : a political history of Spanish anarchism, 1911-1937.

Top of page

WEEK 9: Anarchist Organisation and Counter-Culture (R. Cleminson)

How effectively did anarchists organise?

To what extent did anarchists create a counter-culture?

Was anarchism anything more than a protest movement?

PRIMARY MATERIALS

Puente, Issac, Libertarian communism, (Sharp, 2006).

COMPULSORY READING

Boyd, C. P., ‘The Anarchists and Education in Spain, 1868-1909’, The journal of modern history. ISSN: 0022-2801; 1537-5358, 48, 4, (1976), pp. 125-161.

Casanova, J., ‘Terror and Violence: The Dark Face of Spanish Anarchism’, International labor and working class history ISSN: 0147-5479, 67, (2005), pp. 79-99

Ealham, C., ‘Anarchism and Illegality in Barcelona, 1931-1937’, Contemporary European history. ISSN: 0960-7773, 4, 2, (1995), pp. 133-151

Mintz, J., The Anarchists of Casas Viejas, (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982). Introduction OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (SRJ 03/10/2017) 

Rider, Nick, ‘The Practice of Direct Action: the Barcelona rent strike of 1931, in Goodway, D., (ed.), For Anarchism: History, Theory, Practice, (London, 1989)

THE BODY AND SEX

Cleminson, Richard ‘Eugenics by Name or by Nature? The Spanish Anarchist Sex Reform of the 1930s’, History of European Ideas, 18(5), 1994, pp. 729-740. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Cleminson, Richard, ‘Making Sense of the Body: Anarchism, Nudism and Subjective Experience’, Bulletin of Spanish studies. ISSN: 1475-3820 81(6), 2004, pp. 697-716.

Cleminson, Richard, & Gwendolyn Windpassinger (eds.), ‘Anarchism and Sexuality’, monographic issue, International journal of Iberian studies. ISSN: 1352-7258 , 24(3), 2011 (see all articles within).

Cleminson, Richard, ‘Sexuality and the Revolution of Mentalities: Anarchism, Science, and Sex in the Thought of Félix Martí Ibáñez’, Anarchist studies. ISSN: 0967-3393 5(1), 1997, pp. 45-58.

Cleminson, Richard, ‘From the Solitary Vice to “The Rehabilitation of Onanism”: Changing Anarchist Discourses on Masturbation in Spain in the Early Twentieth Century’, Anarchist studies. ISSN: 0967-3393, 8(2), 2000, pp. 119-132

IMPORTANT READING

Baumeister, M., ‘Castilblanco or the Limits of Democracy – Rural Protest in Spain from Restoration Monarchy to the Early Second Republic’, Contemporary European history. ISSN: 0960-7773, 7, 1, (1998), pp 1-19.

Bookchin, M., The Spanish anarchists : the heroic years, 1868-1936 ISBN: 187317604X, (Edinburgh: A.K. Press, 1998).

Casanvoa, J., Anarchism, the Republic and the Spanish Civil War, 1931-1939, (London: Routledge, 2004).

Ealham, C., ‘Anarchism and Illegality in Barcelona, 1931-1937’, Contemporary European history. ISSN: 0960-7773, 4, 2, (1995), pp. 133-151.

Ealham, C., Anarchism and the city : revolution and counter-revolution in Barcelona, 1898-1937 ISBN: 9781849350129 (pbk.); 1849350124 (pbk.), (Edinburgh: AK, 2010).

Christie, S., We, the anarchists! : a study of the Iberian Anarchist Federation (FAI), 1927-1937, (Hastings: Meltzer, 2000).

Hobsbawm, E., Primitive rebels : studies in archaic forms of social movement in the 19th and 20th centuries, (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1971) .

Kelsey, G., Anarchosyndicalism, libertarian communism, and the state : the CNT in Zaragoza and Aragon, 1930-1937, (Boston: Institute of Social History, 1991).

Kern, R., Red years/black years : a political history of Spanish anarchism, 1911-1937.

Mintz, J., The Anarchists of Casas Viejas, (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982)

Peirats, J., What is the C.N.T.?, (London: Simian, 1972).

Vilanova, M., ‘Political Participation and Illiteracy in Barcelona between 1934 and 1936’, The American historical review. ISSN: 0002-8762, 97, 1, (1992).

Top of page

WEEK 10: Civil War, Revolution and the Fragmentation of the Spanish State (R. Cleminson)

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

To what extent did the revolution that accompanied the Civil War destroy the Spanish state?

To what extent did the Communists control the state during the Spanish Civil War?

To what extent did the central government rebuild its power?

PRIMARY SOURCES

Franz Borkenau, ‘State and revolution in the Paris Commune, the Russian Revolution, and the Spanish Civil War’, The sociological review. ISSN: 0038-0261; 1467-954X, 29, 1, (1937), pp. 41-75.

Franz Borkenau, The Spanish cockpit : an eye-witness account of the political and social conflicts of the Spanish Civil War, (An Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 1974).

Fenner Brockway, The truth about Barcelona, (London: ILP, 1937). OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (SRJ 03/10/2017)   

Sam Dolgoff, The Anarchist collectives : workers' self-management in the Spanish Revolution, 1936-1939 ISBN: 0919618200 (pbk.); 0919618219 (hard), (Montrél: Black Rose Books, 1990).

Juan García Oliver, Wrong steps : errors in the Spanish Revolution ISBN: 1873605722 £1.50; 0013067109, (London: Hurricane, 2000).

VIDEO

Granada TV programmes on revolution http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8YhBDJvbl4k

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XN5TbqzxQBg

Pro-Anarchist Documentary on Anarchists and the Revolution

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jPl_Y3Qdb7Y&list=PLi2Z78sQXQGwVFCYwuKhncQrh8JMI2Jdc

COMPULSORY READING

Anderson, Peter, ‘Revolution and Moral Outrage’, in Anderson, Peter, Friend or foe? : occupation, collaboration and selective violence in the Spanish Civil War ISBN: 9781845197940 hardback alkaline paper; 1845197941 hardback alkaline paper; 9781782843269 electronic book; 9781782843276 electronic book (Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2016).

Broué, Pierre, and Emile Témime, The Revolution and the Civil War in Spain, (London: Haymarket Books, 2008), especially pp. 93-187.

Casanova, Julián ‘Anarchism and Revolution in the Spanish Civil War: the Case of Aragon’, European history quarterly. ISSN: 0265-6914, 17, (1987), pp. 423-451.

Laval, Gaston, Collectives in the Spanish Revolution, (London: Freedom Press, 1975) – read a selection of chapters to gain a flavor of the ‘revolution’.

REBUILDING THE STATE

Alpert, Michael, The Republican Army in the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939 ISBN: 9781107028739 (hardback) : No price, (Cambridge University Press, 2013).

Graham, Helen, ‘Against the State': A Genealogy of the Barcelona May Days (1937)’, European history quarterly. ISSN: 0265-6914 29, 4, (1999), pp. 485-542.

Graham, Helen, The Spanish Republic at war, 1936-1939 ISBN: 052145932x(pbk); 0521453143, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).

THE COMMUNIST PARTY

Cattell, David, Communism and the Spanish Civil War., (New York: Johnson, 1966).

Graham, Helen, ‘Casado's Ghosts: Demythologizing the End of the Spanish Republic." Bulletin of Spanish studies. ISSN: 1475-3820 89, 7-8, (2012), pp. 255-278.

Payne, Stanley G., The Spanish Civil War, the Soviet Union, and Communism ISBN: 030010068x; 9780300130782 ebk., (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004).

Rees, Tim, ‘The Highpoint of Comintern Influence? The Communist Party and the Civil War in Spain’ in Andrew Thorpe and Tim Rees, (eds.), International communism and the Communist International, 1919-43, (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1998) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva .

FURTHER READING

Durgan, Andy, ‘Workers’ Democracy in the Spanish Revolution 1936-1937’, in Immanuel Ness and Dario Azzelini, (eds), Ours to master and to own : workers' control from the commune to the present, (Chicago: Haymarket Books, 2011), pp. 148-170. Available at: http://books.google.co.uk/books?hl=en&lr=&id=JxsXaC8ajvcC&oi=fnd&pg=PA148&dq=Andy+Durgan&ots=xoij4P_aZh&sig=18pJp_wM9HujDgW1X26--tU-kUQ#v=onepage&q=Andy%20Durgan&f=false

Morrow, Felix, Revolution and Counter-revolution in Spain, (New York: Pathfinder Press, 1974).

Richards, Vernon, Lessons of the Spanish Revolution, 1936-1939 ISBN: 0900384239 (pbk.), (Freedom Press, 1972).

THE ANARCHISTS

Alexander, Robert, The anarchists in the Spanish Civil War ISBN: 185756412x(v.2); 1857564006, Volume Two, (London: Jaunus, 1999). Especially pp. 707-858.

Peírats, José, Anarchists in the Spanish Revolution ISBN: 0900384530 : £6.99, (London: Freedom Press, 1990).

LEARN MORE

Ealham, Chris, Anarchism and the city : revolution and counter-revolution in Barcelona, 1898-1937, (Oakland: CA, AK Press, 2010).

Getman-Eraso, Jordi ,‘Too Young to Fight: Anarchist Youth Groups and the Spanish Second Republic’, Journal of the History of Childhood and Youth 4,2, (2011), pp. 282-307. - Available online: https://muse.jhu.edu/article/432702/pdf

Kelsey, Graham, Anarchosyndicalism, libertarian communism, and the state : the CNT in Zaragoza and Aragon, 1930-1937, (Amsterdam: International Institute of Social History, 1991).

Mintz, Frank, Anarchism And workers' self-management in revolutionary Spain ISBN: 9781849350785 (pbk.) : £13.00; 1849350787 (pbk.) : £13.00, (Edinburgh: AK Press, 2012).

Purkiss, R., Democracy, trade unions and political violence in Spain : the Valencian anarchist movement, 1918-1936 ISBN: 9781845196486 (pbk.); 9781845194611 (hbk.); 1845194616 (hbk.), (Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2011).

Top of page

WEEK 11: Franco’s New State (P. Anderson)

CLASS DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

To what extent can social and cultural history help us understand how the Francoists constructed their state?

To what extent was the Francoist state imposed upon Spanish society?

To what extent did the Francoists construct a Fascist state?

VIDEO

Franco’s Speech on his New State (English subtitles)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HX_-faiNTVU

Documentary Profiling Francisco Franco

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7X7CMGXAAVo

Part Two

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7X7CMGXAAVo

PRIMARY SOURCES

Gerald Brenan, The face of Spain ISBN: 9781897959633 (pbk.), (London: Serif, 2010).

Samuel Hoare, Ambassador on special mission, (London, Collins, 1946).

Emmet Hughes, Report from Spain, (London: Latimer House, 1947).

U.S. Department of State, The Spanish Government and the Axis, (Washington, 1946). - Available online: http://avalon.law.yale.edu/subject_menus/spmenu.asp

See list of U.S. State Department documents at:

http://eudocs.lib.byu.edu/index.php/Spain:_1936_to_the_Present

United Nations Security Council, Official Records, Report of the Sub-Committee on the Spanish Question (New York: 1946). - Available online: https://digitallibrary.un.org/record/536703?ln=en

COMPULSORY READING

Anderson, Peter, ‘In the Interests of Justice? Grass-roots Prosecution and Collaboration in Francoist Military Trials, 1939–1945’, Contemporary European history. ISSN: 0960-7773 18, 1, (2009), pp. 25-44.

Anderson, Peter, ‘In the Name of the Martyrs: Memory and Retribution in Francoist Southern Spain, 1936–45’, Cultural and social history. ISSN: 1478-0038; 1478-0046, 8,3, (2011), pp. 355-370.

Barreira Rodríguez, Óscar, ‘The Many Heads of the Hydra: Local Parafascism in Spain and Europe, 1936–50’, Journal of contemporary history. ISSN: 0022-0094, 49, 4, (2014), pp. 702-726.

IMPORTANT READING

Anderson, Peter, ‘Looking for Friends: Occupation and the Construction of the State’, chapter of forthcoming book available as a pdf.

Blinkhorn, Martin, Fascists and conservatives : the radical right and the establishment in twentieth-century Europe ISBN: 0049400878 (pbk ; cased) : £8.95; 004940086X, (London: Unwin Hyman, 1990).

Cazorla-Sánchez, Antonio, ‘Fascist Era Elites. Family matters: ministerial elites and the articulation of the Francoist dictatorship’, Portuguese Journal of Social Science 3,2, (2004), pp. 73-90. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Cazorla‐Sánchez, Antonio, ‘Dictatorship from below: Local politics in the making of the Francoist state, 1937–1948’, The journal of modern history. ISSN: 0022-2801; 1537-5358 71, 4, (1999), pp. 882-901.

Kallis, Aristotle A. ‘Fascism', Para-Fascism'and Fascistization': On the Similarities of Three Conceptual Categories’, European history quarterly. ISSN: 0265-6914, 33, 2, (2003), 219-249.

Linz, Juan, ‘An authoritarian regime : Spain’, (Article available in High Demand).

Payne, Stanley G., Fascism in Spain, 1923-1977, (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1999).

LEARN MORE

Ealham, Chris, and Michael Richards, (eds.), The splintering of Spain : cultural history and the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005), Part III

Cazorla Sánchez, Antonio, Fear and progress : ordinary lives in Franco's Spain, 1939-1975, (London: John Wiley & Sons, 2009).

Cenarro, Ángela, ‘Elite, Party, Church. Pillars of the Francoist New State in Aragon, 1936-1945’, European history quarterly. ISSN: 0265-6914 28, 4, (1998), pp. 461-486.

del Arco Blanco, Miguel Ángel, ‘Hunger and the Consolidation of the Francoist Regime (1939-1951)’, European history quarterly. ISSN: 0265-6914, 40, 3, (2010), pp. 458-483.

Preston, Paul, Franco: a biography, (London: Harper Collins, 1993).

Richards, Michael, ‘Constructing the Nationalist State: self-sufficiency and regeneration in the early Franco years’, in C. Mar-Molinero and A. Smith, (eds.), Nationalism and the nation in the Iberian Peninsula : competing and conflicting identities ISBN: 1859731759 (pbk); 1859731805, (Oxford: Berg 1996), pp. 149-167.

Vincent, Mary, Spain 1833-2002 : people and state ISBN: 0198731590 (pbk.) : £16.99; 9780198731597 (pbk.) : £16.99, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007), Chapter 4.

FORGING A NEW IDENTITY

Boyd, Historia patria : politics, history, and national identity in Spain, 1875-1975 ISBN: 0691026564 (cl : alk. paper), Chapter 8.

Ministerio de Justica, The Red domination in Spain : the General Cause, (Madrid: Aguado, 1946).

Preston, Paul, The Politics of Revenge: fascism and the military in twentieth-century Spain, (London: Unwin Hyman, 1990).

Preston, Paul, ‘Theorists of extermination’, in Samuel Amago, Carolos Jerez Ferran, (eds.), Unearthing Franco's legacy : mass graves and the recovery of historical memory in Spain. Contemporary European Politics and Society, (University of Notre Dame Press, Notre Dame, 2010), pp. 42-67.

This list was last updated on 27/09/2017