Leeds University Library

HIST5964M
Module Reading List

Race and Second Wave Feminism in the US, 2017/18, Semester 2
Dr Gina Denton
g.denton@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Primary Sources

Women and Social Movements Database, 1600-2000

Feminist Archive North, Periodicals Collection (Various US periodicals; and some UK periodicals that report on the US feminism)

Radicalism and Reactionary Politics in America Microfilm Collection 

Selected Books and Articles

Gloria T. Hull, Patricia Bell Scott, and Barbara Smith (eds),  All the women are White, all the Blacks are men, but some of us are brave : Black women's studies (Old Westbury, NY: Feminist Press, 1982)

Audre Lorde,  Sister outsider : essays and speeches (Trumansberg, NY: The Crossing Press, 1984)

Gloria Anzaldúa,  Borderlands = La frontera (San Francisco: Aunt Lute, 1987)

Frances Beale, ‘Slave of a Slave No More: Black Women in Struggle’  Black scholar. 6 (1975): pp. 6-10

Toni Cade Bambara (ed),  The Black woman : an anthology (1970)

Cherríe Moraga and Gloria Anzaldúa (eds)  This bridge called my back : writings by radical women of color

Anna Nieto Gomez ‘Chicanas Identify’  Regeneración  1 (1971)

Anna Nieto Gomez, ‘Sexism in the Movement’  La Gente  6(4) (1976)

Consuelo Nieto, ‘The Chicana and the Women’s Rights Movement’  Civil Rights Digest  6 (Spring 1974)

Martha Cotera,  The Chicana feminist (Austin: Information Systems Development, 1977)

Barbara Smith (ed),  Home Girls: A Black Feminist Anthology (New York: Kitchen Table Press, 1983)

Shirley Hill Witt, ‘Native Women Today: Sexism and the Indian Woman’,  Civil Rights Digest  6 (Spring 1974)

Adrienne Rich,  On Lies, Secrets and Silence: Selected Prose, 1966-1978 (London: Virago, 1980)

Michelle Wallace,  Black macho and the myth of the Superwoman (London: Verso, 1990 [1979])

Rayna Green, “Diary of a Native American Feminist”  Ms.  11 (July/August 1982): pp. 170-72, 211-13

Andy Smith, ‘For All Those Who Were Indian in a Former Life’  Ms.  (Nov/Dec 1991): pp. 44-45. Available online at: http://www.cwsworkshop.org/pdfs/CARC/Overview/4_For_All_Those.PDF

Joan Gibbs and Sara Bennett,  Top ranking : a collection of articles on racism and classism in the lesbian community (New York: Come! Unity Press, 1980)

Elly Bulkin, Minnie Bruce Pratt, and Barbara Smith,  Yours in struggle : three feminist perspectives on anti-semitism and racism (Brooklyn, N.Y.: Long Haul Press, 1984)

Alma Gomez, Cherríe Moraga and Mariana Romo-Carmona,  Cuentos : stories by Latinas (New York: Kitchen Table Press, 1983). Introduction available at:  http://www.uhu.es/antonia.dominguez/latinas/cuentos.pdf

Anne Braden, ‘Free Thomas Wansley: A Letter to White Southern Women from Anne Braden’. Available at:  http://www.newsreel.org/guides/Anne-Braden-A-Letter-to-White-Southern-Women.pdf

Laura Whitehorn, ‘Inside Looking Out: Thoughts on the March on Washington’  Breakthrough: Journal of Prairie Fire Organizing Committee  (Spring 1993): pp. 52-53. Available online at:  http://www.cwsworkshop.org/pdfs/SIS/Perspectives/7_Inside_Looking_Out.PDF

Linda Evans, ‘Alliance Building: two essays’ (2000). Available online at: http://www.cwsworkshop.org/pdfs/SIS/Perspectives/3_Alliance_Building.PDF

Madhu Kishwar, ‘Why I Do Not Call Myself a Feminist’  Manushi  61 (Nov-Dec 1990) pp. 2-8. Available online at: http://www.fullcirclegrp1.com/FA/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/Why-I-do-not-call-myself-a-feminist2.pdf

Websites with Primary Sources

Carol Hanisch (WLM activist):  http://carolhanisch.org/

Chicago Women’s Liberation Union ‘Herstory Project’:  http://cwluherstory.org/

‘Middle Tennessee State University Discover American Women’s History Online’:  http://digital.mtsu.edu/cdm/landingpage/collection/women (some information on various digital collections and some digitized items)

Duke University ‘Women’s Liberation Movement Print Culture’ digital collection:  http://library.duke.edu/digitalcollections/wlmpc/

Jewish Women’s Archive ‘The Feminist Revolution’:  http://jwa.org/feminism

Jo Freeman (WLM activist):  http://www.jofreeman.com/

Northeastern University ‘We Raise Our Voices: Women’s Liberation’ online collection:  http://www.lib.neu.edu/archives/voices/w-intro.htm

PBS ‘The Pill and the Women’s Liberation Movement’:  http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/pill/peopleevents/e_lib.html

Redstockings (WLM organisation):  http://www.redstockings.org/

San Francisco Bay Area Television Archive:  https://diva.sfsu.edu/collections/sfbatv (various items within the different collections)

Sophia Smith Women’s History Archives ‘Voices of Feminism Oral History Project’:  http://www.smith.edu/libraries/libs/ssc/vof/vof-intro.html

University of Florida Digital Collections ‘Radical Women in Gainesville’:  http://ufdc.ufl.edu/rwg/letter

Memoirs and Other Reflective/Autobiographical Pieces

Susan Brownmiller,  In our time : memoir of a revolution (New York: Random House, 1999_

Jeanne Córdova, When we were outlaws : a memoir of love & revolution  (Spinster’s Ink, 2011)

Carol Hanisch, ‘Struggles over Leadership in the Women’s Liberation Movement’ in Colin Barker, Alan Johnson and Michael Lavalette (eds) Leadership in Social Movements  (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2001): 77-95. Available online at: http://www.carolhanisch.org/CHwritings/Leadership%20in%20WLM(veryPlain).pdf

Ellen Willis, ‘Up from radicalism: a feminist journal’  US  , October 1969, reprinted online:  http://www.guernicamag.com/features/up-from-radicalism/

Ellen Willis, ‘Radical Feminism and Feminist Radicalism’  Social text. , No. 9/10, Special Issue:  The 60's without Apology  (Spring - Summer, 1984), pp. 91-118

Flo Kennedy, ‘"It's Damn Slick out There"’,  Social text. , No. 9/10, Special Issue:  The 60's without Apology  (Spring - Summer, 1984): 346-358

Laura Kaplan,  The story of Jane : the legendary underground feminist abortion service (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995)

Rachel Blau DuPlessis and Ann Snitow (eds)  The feminist memoir project : voices from women's liberation (New York: Three Rivers Press, 1998)

Florence Howe (ed)  The politics of women's studies : testimony from thirty founding mothers (New York: The Feminist Press, 2000)

Silvia Federici, ‘Putting Feminism Back on Its Feet’,  Social text. , No. 9/10, Special Issue:  The 60's without Apology  (Spring - Summer, 1984): 338-346

Chicago Women’s Liberation Union’s Herstory Project, Text Memoirs & Biographies: https://www.uic.edu/orgs/cwluherstory/CWLUMemoir/text.html

Patricia T. Bell, ‘Barbara Smith: A Home Girl with a Mission’, in Kimberly Springer (ed)  Still lifting, still climbing : contemporary African American women's activism (New York: New York University Press, 1999)

Anna NietoGomez, ‘Response: Chicana Print Culture and Chicana Studies: A Testimony to the Development of Chicana Feminist Culture’ in Gabriela F. Arredondo, Aida Hurtado, Norma Klahn, Olga Najera-Ramirez, Patricia Zavella (eds)  Chicana feminisms : a critical reader (Durham: Duke University Press, 2003): pp. 90-96 

Primary Source Collections/Anthologies

Beverly Guy-Sheftall,  Words of fire : an anthology of African-American feminist thought (New York: Norton, 1995), especially chapters 3-4

Alma M. Garcia,  Chicana feminist thought : the basic historical writings (New York: Routledge, 1997)

Robin Morgan,  Sisterhood is powerful : an anthology of writings from the women's liberation movement (New York: Vintage, 1970)

Nancy MacLean,  The American women's movement, 1945-2000 : a brief history with documents (Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2008)

Rosalyn Baxandall and Linda Gordon (eds)  Dear sisters : dispatches from the women's liberation movement (New York: Basic Books, 2000)

Gerda Lerner,  Black women in white America : a documentary history (New York: Vintage, 1992)

Kimberly Springer (ed)  Still lifting, still climbing : contemporary African American women's activism (New York: New York University Press, 1999) (Some primary source documents)

Barbara Crow,  Radical feminism : a documentary reader (New York: New York University Press, 1999)

Marlene Gerber Fried (ed),  From abortion to reproductive freedom : transforming a movement (Boston: South End Press, 1990) (Some primary source documents)

Alethia Jones, Virginia Eubanks and Barbara Smith (eds)  Ain't gonna let nobody turn me around : forty years of movement building with Barbara Smith (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2014)

Vivian Gornick and Barbara K. Moran (eds)  Woman in sexist society : studies in power and powerlessness (New York: Basic Books, 1971)

Leslie B. Tanner (ed)  Voices from women's liberation. (New York: Plume Books, 1971) 

Premilla Nadasen, Jennifer Mittelstadt and Marisa Chappell, eds, Welfare in the United States : a history with documents, 1935-1996 (New York: Routledge, 2009) 

Women’s History, Memory and Oral History

Sherna Berger Gluck, with Maylei Blackwell, Sharon Cotrell, and Karen S. Harper, ‘Whose Feminism? Whose History? Reflections on Excavating the History of (the) U.S. Women’s Movement(s)’ In Nancy A. Naples (ed)  Community activism and feminist politics : organizing across race, class, and gender (New York: Routledge, 1998): pp. 31-56

Mary Ann Clawson, ‘Looking for Feminism: Racial Dynamics and Generational Investments in the Second Wave’  Feminist Studies. 34(3) (Fall 2008): pp. 526-554

Kathryn Anderson, Susan Armitage, Dana Jack, and Judith Wittner, ‘Beginning Where We Are: Feminist Methodology in Oral History’  Oral history review 15 (Spring 1987): pp. 103-127

Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham, “African-American Women’s History and the Metalanguage of Race,”  Signs. 17(2) (1992): pp. 251–74

Susan Geiger, ‘What’s So Feminist about Women’s Oral History? ’  Journal of women's history. 2(1) (Spring 1990): pp. 169-182

Nancy F. Cott, Gerda Lerner, Kathryn Kish Sklar, Ellen Carol DuBois, Nancy A. Hewitt, ‘Considering the State of U.S. Women’s History’  Journal of Women’s History 15(1) (Spring 2003): pp. 145-163

Sherna Gluck and Daphne Patai (eds),  Women's words : the feminist practice of oral history (New York: Routledge Press, 1991)

Elsa Barkley Brown, “‘What Has Happened Here’: The Politics of Difference in Women’s History and Feminist Politics,”  Feminist Studies. 18(2) (1992): pp. 295–312

Carol Frances Cini, ‘Voices of the Next Generation: Revealing the Impact of Gender, Race, Class, and Feminism’  Oral history review 24 (Winter 1997): pp. 107-116

Dickinson College, ‘Feminist Oral History Resources – A Selection’ Bibliography: http://’www.dickinson.edu/download/downloads/id/1044/feministoralhistoryresources

Sherna Berger Gluck, ‘Women’s Oral History: Is it So Special? ’ in Thomas L. Charlton, Lois E. Myers, and Rebecca Sharpless (eds)  Thinking about oral history : theories and applications (New York: AltaMira Press, 2008)

ltagracia Ortiz, ‘Historical Perspectives on Feminism and the Puerto Rican Woman’  Journal of women's history. 1(2) (Fall 1989): pp. 166-178

Nan Alamilla Boyd and Horacio N. Roque Ramirez (eds)  Bodies of evidence : the practice of queer oral history (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012) 

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Oral History Methodology

Kristina Minister, ‘A Feminist Frame for the Oral History Interview’ in  Women's words : the feminist practice of oral history , Sherna Gluck and Daphne Patai (eds) (New York: Routledge, 1991)

D. Soyini Madison, ‘“That was my occupation”: Oral Narrative, Performance, and Black Feminist Thought’,  Text and performance quarterly 13(3) (1993): pp. 213-232

Susan Geiger, ‘What’s So Feminist about Women’s Oral History? ’  Journal of women's history. 2(1) (Spring 1990): pp. 169-182

Soon Nam Kim, ‘Whose voice is it anyway? Rethinking the oral history method in accounting research on race, ethnicity and gender’  Critical perspectives on accounting. 19(8) (Dec 2008): pp. 1346-1369

Sherry Thomas, ‘Digging beneath the Surface: Oral History Techniques’, Susan H. Armitage and Patricia Hart, and Karen Weathermon (eds) Women's oral history : the Frontiers reader (Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska, 2002)

Joan Sangster, ‘Telling Our Stories: Feminist Debates and the Use of Oral History’  Women's history review. 3(1) (1994): pp. 5-28. Reprinted in Robert Perks and Alistair Thomson (eds)  The Oral History Reader (London: Routledge, 1998): pp. 87-100

Julie Stephens, ‘Our Remembered Selves: Oral History and Feminist Memory’  Oral history. (Spring 2010): pp. 81-90. Available at: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/15542/1/Our_Remembered_Selves.pdf .

Sherna Gluck and Daphne Patai (eds),  Women's words : the feminist practice of oral history (New York: Routledge Press, 1991)

Thomas L. Charlton, Lois E. Myers, and Rebecca Sharpless, with Leslie Roy Ballard,  Thinking about oral history : theories and applications (Lanham: AltaMira Press, 2008)

Alex Haley, ‘Black history, oral history, and genealogy’ in Robert Perks and Alistair Thomson (eds)  The Oral History Reader (London: Routledge, 1998): pp. 9-20 

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Bored Housewives and Student Agitators: The Dominant Narrative

Books

Alice Echols,  Daring to be bad : radical feminism in America 1967-1975 (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1989)

Judith Hole and Ellen Levine,  Rebirth of feminism (New York: Quadrangle Books, 1971)

Sara M. Evans,  Tidal wave : how women changed America at century's end (New York: Free Press, 2003): chapters 1-5

Sara Evans,  Personal politics : the roots of women's liberation in the civil rights movement and the new left (New York: Knopf, 1979)

Ruth Rosen,  The world split open : how the modern women's movement changed America (New York: Viking, 2000)

Rory Dicker,  A history of U.S. feminisms (Berkeley: Seal Press, 2008)

Marion Lockwood Carden,  The new feminist movement (New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1974)

Kathleen C. Berkeley,  The women's liberation movement in America (Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood Press, 1999)

Paul D. Buchanan,  Radical feminists : a guide to an American subculture (Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood Press, 2011)

Steven Beuchler,  Women's movements in the United States : woman suffrage, equal rights, and beyond (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1990)

Myra Marx Ferree and Patricia Yancey Martin (eds),  Feminist organizations : harvest of the new women's movement (Philadelphia, Temple University Press, 1995)

Myra Marx Ferree,  Controversy and Coalition : The New Feminist Movement Across Four Decades of Change  , 3rd edition (New York: Routledge, 2002)

Marilyn Jacoby Boxer,  When women ask the questions : creating women's studies in America (Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1998)

Articles and Book Chapters

Jo Freeman, ‘The Origins of the Women’s Liberation Movement’  American Journal of Sociology. , 78(4) (Jan 1973): pp. 792-811

Marilyn Boxer, ‘For and about Women: The Theory and Practice of Women’s Studies in the United States’  Signs. 7(3) (Spring 1982): pp. 661-695

Barbara Epstein, ‘Thoughts on socialist feminism in 1980’  New political science. 1(4) (1980): 25-35

Nancy Fraser, ‘Feminism, Capitalism and the Cunning of History’  New left review. 56 (Mar-April 2009): 97-117

Rosalyn Baxandall and Linda Gordon, ‘Second Wave Feminism’ in Nancy A. Hewitt (ed)  A Companion to American Women’s History (Oxford: Blackwells, 2005): pp. 414-432

Carol Hanisch, ‘Struggles over Leadership in the Women’s Liberation Movement’ in Colin Barker, Alan Johnson and Michael Lavalette (eds) Leadership and social movements (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2001): 77-95 [PDF: http://www.carolhanisch.org/CHwritings/Leadership%20in%20WLM(veryPlain).pdf ]

Debra Michals, ‘From “Consciousness Expansion” to “Consciousness Raising”: Feminisms and the Countercultural Politics of the Self’ in Peter Braunstein and Michael William Doyle (eds)  Imagine nation : the American counterculture of the 1960s & ‘70s  (New York: Routledge, 2002): 41-68

Barbara Ryan, Chapter 8: Divisions Revisited: Pornography, Essentialism/ Nominalism, Class and Race in  Feminism and the women's movement : dynamics of change in social movement, ideology and activism (New York: Routledge, 1992): 113-34

Ellen Willis, ‘Radical Feminism and Feminist Radicalism’  Social text. , No. 9/10, Special Issue:  The 60's without Apology  (Spring - Summer, 1984), pp. 91-118

Elizabeth Bird, ‘The academic arm of the women's liberation movement: Women's studies 1969–1999 in North America and the United Kingdom’ Women's studies international forum. 25(1) (Jan-Feb 2002): pp. 139-149 

Websites

Michelle Moravec, ‘The Politics of Women’s Culture’:  http://historyinthecity.wordpress.com/

Revisionist Accounts

Nancy Hewitt (ed)  No permanent waves : recasting histories of U.S. feminism (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2010)

Becky Thompson,  A promise and a way of life : white antiracist activism (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2001): pp. 113-228

Becky Thompson, ‘Multiracial Feminism: Recasting the Chronology of Second Wave Feminism’  Feminist Studies  28(2) (2002): pp. 337-360. Reprinted inNancy Hewitt (ed)  No permanent waves : recasting histories of U.S. feminism (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2010

Benita Roth, ‘“Organizing One’s Own” as Good Politics: Second Wave Feminists and the Meaning of Coalition’ in Nella Van Dyke and Holly J. McCammon (eds)  Strategic alliances : coalition building and social movements (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2010)

Anne Enke,  Finding the movement : sexuality, contested space, and feminist activism (Durham: Duke University, 2007)

Winifred Breines,  The trouble between us : an uneasy history of white and black women in the feminist movement (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006)

Wini Breines, ‘What’s Love Got to Do with It? White Women, Black Women and Feminism in the Movement Years’  Signs. 27(4) (Summer 2002): pp. 1095-1133

Anne Valk,  Radical sisters : second-wave feminism and black liberation in Washington, D.C. (Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2008)

Erik S. McDuffie,  Sojourning for freedom : black women, American communism, and the making of black left feminism (Durham: Duke University Press, 2011), esp. chapters 5-6

Brian Norman, ‘The Consciousness-Raising Document, Feminist Anthologies, and Black Women in  Sisterhood Is Powerful  ’  Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies 27(3) (2006): pp. 38-64

Sherna Berger Gluck, ‘Whose Feminism? Whose History? Reflections on Excavating the History of (the) U.S. Women’s Movement(s)’ In Nancy A. Naples (ed)  Community activism and feminist politics : organizing across race, class, and gender (New York: Routledge, 1998): pp. 31-56 

Mary Ann Clawson, ‘Looking for Feminism: Racial Dynamics and Generational Investments in the Second Wave’  Feminist Studies. 34(3) (Fall 2008): pp. 526-554 

Kristen Hogan, The feminist bookstore movement : lesbian antiracism and feminist accountability  (Durham: Duke University Press, 2016)

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American Indian Activism and Feminism

M. Annette Jaimes with Theresa Halsey, ‘American Indian Women: At the Center of Indigenous Resistance in North America’ in M. Annette Jaims (ed)  The State of Native America : genocide, colonization, and resistance (Boston: South End Press, 1992): pp. 311-344

Andrea Smith, ‘Native American Feminism, Sovereignty, and Social Change’  Feminist Studies. 31(1) (Spring 2005): pp. 116-132

Paula Gunn Allen,  The sacred hoop : recovering the feminine in American Indian traditions : with a new preface (Boston: Beacon Press, 1986), especially ‘Who Is Your Mother? Red Roots of White Feminism’: pp. 201-221

Andy Smith, ‘For All Those Who Were Indian in a Former Life’  Ms.  (Nov/Dec 1991): pp. 44-45. Available online at: http://www.cwsworkshop.org/pdfs/CARC/Overview/4_For_All_Those.PDF

Elizabeth Castle, ‘“The Original Gangster”: The Life and Times of Red Power Activist Madonna Thunder Hawk’ in Dan Berger (ed)  The hidden 1970s : histories of radicalism (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2010): pp. 267-284

Meg Devlin O’Sullivan, ‘Informing Red Power and Transforming the Second Wave: Native American Women and the Struggle against Coerced Sterilization in the 1970s’ Women's history review.  25(6): pp. 965-982

Rayna Green, ‘Native American Women’  Signs. 7 (1980): pp. 248-267

Paula Gunn Allen, ‘All the Good Indians’,  Social text. No. 9/10,Special Issue:  The 60's without Apology  (Spring - Summer, 1984): 226-229

Andrea Smith,  Conquest : sexual violence and American Indian genocide (Cambridge: South End Press, 2005), especially chapters 6-7

Becky Thompson,  A promise and a way of life : white antiracist activism (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2001): Chapter 5 

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Chicana and Puerto Rican Activism and Feminism

Alma M. Garcia, ‘Introduction’ in her  Chicana feminist thought : the basic historical writings (New York: Routledge, 1997): pp. 1-16

Alma M. Garcia, ‘The Development of Chicana Feminist Discourse, 1970-1980’  Gender & society. 3(2) (June 1989): pp. 217-238

Mary Pardo, ‘Doing It for the Kids: Mexican American Women Activists, Border Feminists? ’ in Myra Marx Ferree and Patricia Yancey Martin (eds), Feminist organizations : harvest of the new women's movement (Philadelphia, Temple University Press, 1995) pp. 356-371

Gloria Anzaldúa,  Borderlands = La frontera (San Francisco: Aunt Lute, 1987)

Jennifer Nelson, ‘“Abortions Under Community Control”: Feminism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Reproduction among New York City’s Young Lords’  Journal of women's history. 13(1) (Spring 2001): pp. 157-180

Maylei Blackwell, Chicana power! : contested histories of gender and feminism in the Chicano movement  (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2011)

Benita Roth,  Separate roads to feminism : Black, Chicana, and White feminist movements in America's second wave (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004): pp. 129-177

Marisela R. Chávez, ‘“We Have a Long, Beautiful History”: Chicana Feminist Trajectories and Legacies’ in Nancy Hewitt (ed)  No permanent waves : recasting histories of U.S. feminism (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2010): pp. 77-97

Vicki L. Ruiz,  From out of the shadows [electronic resource] : Mexican women in twentieth-century America (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998), especially chapter 5

Karin Ikas (ed)  Chicana ways : conversations with ten Chicana writers (Reno, NV: University of Nevada Press, 2002)

Maylei Blacwell, ‘Contested Histories:  Las Hijas de Cuauhtémoc  , Chicana Feminisms, and Print Culture in the Chicano Movement, 1968-1973’ in Gabriela F. Arredondo, Aida Hurtado, Norma Klahn, Olga Najera-Ramirez, Patricia Zavella (eds)  Chicana feminisms : a critical reader (Durham: Duke University Press, 2003): pp. 59-89. See also Anna NietoGomez’s Response in this volume: ‘Response: Chicana Print Culture and Chicana Studies: A Testimony to the Development of Chicana Feminist Culture’: pp. 90-96

Becky Thompson,  A promise and a way of life : white antiracist activism (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2001): Chapter 5

Edna Acosta-Belén,  The Puerto Rican woman : perspectives on culture, history and society. , 2nd edition (New York: Praeger, 1986)

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Black Feminism

Books

Benita Roth,  Separate roads to feminism : Black, Chicana, and White feminist movements in America's second wave (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004): pp. 76-128

Kimberly Springer,  Living for the revolution : black feminist organizations, 1968-1980 (Durham: Duke University Press, 2005)

Kimberly Springer (ed)  Still lifting, still climbing : contemporary African American women's activism (New York: New York University Press, 1999)

Winifred Breines,  The trouble between us : an uneasy history of white and black women in the feminist movement (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006)

Erik S. McDuffie,  Sojourning for freedom : black women, American communism, and the making of black left feminism (Durham: Duke University Press, 2011), esp. chapters 5-6

Angela Davis,  Women, Race & Class (New York: Random House, 1981)

bell hooks,  Ain't I a woman : black women and feminism (Boston: South End Press, 1981)

Patricia Hill Collins,  Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness and the Politics of Empowerment (Boston: Unwin Hyman, 1990)

Paula Giddings,  When and where I enter : the impact of black women on race and sex in America (New York: William Morrow, 1984)

bell hooks,  Feminist Theory: From Margin to Center (Boston: South End Press, 1984)

Gloria T. Hull, Patricia Bell Scott, and Barbara Smith (eds),  All the women are White, all the Blacks are men, but some of us are brave : Black women's studies (Old Westbury, NY: Feminist Press, 1982)

Audre Lorde,  Sister outsider : essays and speeches (Trumansberg, NY: The Crossing Press, 1984)

Alethia Jones, Virginia Eubanks and Barbara Smith (eds)  Ain't gonna let nobody turn me around : forty years of movement building with Barbara Smith (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2014)

Dayo F. Gore, Jeanne Theoharis, and Komozi Woodward (eds)  Want to start a revolution? : radical women in the black freedom struggle (New York: New York University Press, 2009)

Articles and Book Chapters

Dayo F. Gore, Jeanne Theoharis, and Komozi Woodward, ‘Introduction’ in their collection  Want to start a revolution? : radical women in the black freedom struggle (New York: New York University Press, 2009)

Sherie M. Randolph, ‘“Women’s Liberation or…Black Liberation, You’re Fighting the Same Enemies”: Florynce Kennedy, Black Power, and Feminism’ in Dayo F. Gore, Jeanne Theoharis, and Komozi Woodward (eds)  Want to start a revolution? : radical women in the black freedom struggle (New York: New York University Press, 2009)

Deborah Gray White,  Too heavy a load : black women in defense of themselves, 1894-1994 (New York: Norton, 1999), chapter 7

Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw, “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence Against Women of Color,” in Kimberlé Crenshaw et al.,  Critical race theory : the key writings that formed the movement (New York: New Press, 1995), 357–83

Kristin Anderson-Bricker, ‘“Triple Jeopardy”: Black Women and the Growth of Feminist Consciousness in SNCC, 1964-1975’ in Kimberly Springer (ed)  Still lifting, still climbing : contemporary African American women's activism (New York: New York University Press, 1999)

Bonnie Thornton Dill, ‘Race, Class and Gender: Prospects for an All-Inclusive Sisterhood’  Feminist Studies. 9(1) (Sprint 1983): pp. 131-150

E. Frances White,  Dark continent of our bodies : black feminism and the politics of respectability (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2001): pp. 37-51

Linda La Rue, ‘The Black Movement and Women’s Liberation’  Black scholar. 1(7) Special Issue: Black Revolution (May 1970): pp. 36-42

Bernice McNair Barnett, ‘Black Women’s Collectivist Movement Organizations: Their Struggles during the “Doldrums”’ in Myra Marx Ferree and Patricia Yancey Martin (eds),  Feminist organizations : harvest of the new women's movement (Philadelphia, Temple University Press, 1995): pp. 199-219

M. Rivka Polatnick, ‘Chapter 6: Poor Black Sisters Decided for Themselves: A Case Study of 1960s Women's Liberation Activism’ in Kim Marie Vaz (ed),  Black women in America

Rosalyn Baxandall, ‘Re-Visioning the Women’s Liberation Movement’s Narrative: Early Second Wave African America’  Feminist Studies. 27(1) (Spring 2001): pp. 225-245

Ula Y. Taylor, ‘Black Feminisms and Human Agency’ in Nancy Hewitt (ed)  No permanent waves : recasting histories of U.S. feminism (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2010): pp. 61-76

Diane K. Lewis, ‘A Response to Inequality: Black Women, Racism, and Sexism’  Signs. 3(2) (Winter 1977): pp. 339-361

Benita Roth, ‘The Making of the Vanguard Center: Black Feminist Emergence in the 1960s and 1970s’ in Kimberly Springer (ed)  Still lifting, still climbing : contemporary African American women's activism (New York: New York University Press, 1999)

Becky Thompson,  A promise and a way of life : white antiracist activism (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2001): Chapter 5

Womanism

Alice Walker,  In search of our mothers' gardens : womanist prose (London: Women’s Press, 1984)

Layli Phillips (ed),  The Womanist reader (New York: Routledge, 2006)

Laura Gillman,  Unassimilable feminisms : reappraising feminist, womanist, and mestiza identity politics (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010), chapters 3-4

Delores S. Williams, ‘Womanist Theology: Black Women’s Voices’ (1986). Reprinted in Layli Phillips (ed)  The Womanist reader : 117-125

Elsa Barkley Brown, ‘Womanist Consciousness: Maggie Lena Walker and the Independent Order of Saint Luke,’  Signs. 14(3) (Spring 1989): pp. 610-633 (610). Reprinted in Layli Phillips (ed)  The Womanist reader

D. Aldridge, ‘Womanist issues in Black studies: Towards integrating Africana women into Africana studies’  Journal of the National Council for Black Studies  : 1(1) (1992): pp 167-182  

Critiques of womanism:

bell hooks in Cheryl J. Sanders and others, ‘Roundtable Discussion: Christian Ethics and Theology in Womanist Perspective’  Journal of feminist studies in religion. Vol. 5 (1989): 81-112

HELEN (charles), ‘The Language of Womanism: Rethinking Difference’, originally published in 1997; reprinted in Layli Phillips (ed)  The Womanist reader : pp. 361-378

Inderpal Grewal and Caren Kaplan, ‘  Warrior Marks  : Global Womanism’s Neo-colonial Discourse in a Multicultural Context’, originally published in 1996; reprinted in Layli Phillips (ed)  The Womanist reader : pp. 379-401

Patricia Hill Collins, ‘What’s In a Name? Womanism, Black Feminism, and Beyond’  Signs. 26(1) (Winter 1996) 

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Anti-imperialist Feminism

Becky Thompson,  A promise and a way of life : white antiracist activism (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2001): Chapter 4

Say Burgin, ‘White Women, Anti-Imperialist Feminism and the Story of Race within the US Women’s Liberation Movement’ Women's history review.  25(5): pp. 756-770

Michael Staudenmaier, ‘Unorthodox Leninism: Workplace Organizing and Anti-Imperialist Solidarity in the Sojourner Truth Organization’ in Dan Berger (ed)  The hidden 1970s : histories of radicalism (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2010): pp. 155-174

Diane C. Fujino, ‘Grassroots Leadership and Afro-Asian Solidarities: Yuri Kochiyama’s Humanizing Radicalism’ in Dayo F. Gore, Jeanne Theoharis, and Komozi Woodward (eds)  Want to start a revolution? : radical women in the black freedom struggle (New York: New York University Press, 2009)

Audre Lorde, ‘Conference Keynote Address: Sisterhood and Survival’  The Black Scholar  , Special issue on ‘The Black Woman Writer and the Diaspora’, 17(2) (March/April 1986): pp. 5-7

Dan Berger,  Outlaws of America : the Weather Underground and the politics of solidarity (Oakland: AK Press, 2006), chapters 7-8

David Barber,  A hard rain fell : SDS and why it failed (Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2008), chapter 3

David Gilbert, Laura Whitehorn, and Marilyn Buck,  Enemies of the state : an interview with anti-imperialist political prisoners (Montreal & Toronto: Abraham Guillen Press & Arm the Spirit, 2002)

Winifred Breines,  The trouble between us : an uneasy history of white and black women in the feminist movement (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006): pp. 79-116

Laura Whitehorn, ‘Inside Looking Out: Thoughts on the March on Washington’  Breakthrough: Journal of Prairie Fire Organizing Committee  (Spring 1993): pp. 52-53. Available online at:  http://www.cwsworkshop.org/pdfs/SIS/Perspectives/7_Inside_Looking_Out.PDF

Linda Evans, ‘Alliance Building: two essays’ (2000). Available online at: http://www.cwsworkshop.org/pdfs/SIS/Perspectives/3_Alliance_Building.PDF

Nick Witham, ‘US Feminists and Central America in the “Age of Reagan”: The Overlapping Contexts of Activism, Intellectual Culture and Documentary Filmmaking’ Journal of American studies.  48(1) (February 2014): pp. 199-221

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Sterilization Abuse and Abortion: Reproductive Rights Issues

No más bebés = No more babies , Renee Tajima-Pe ñ a and Virginia Espino (directors), 2015

*M. Rivka Polatnick, ‘Diversity in Women's Liberation Ideology: How a Black and a White Group of the 1960s Viewed Motherhood’  Signs. 21(3) (Spring, 1996): pp. 679-706

D. Marie Ralstin-Lewis, ‘The Continuing Struggle against Genocide: Indigenous Women’s Reproductive Rights’  Wicazo Sa Review 20(1) (Spring 2005): pp. 71-95 

Jennifer Nelson, ‘“Abortions Under Community Control”: Feminism, Nationalism, and the Politics of Reproduction among New York City’s Young Lords’  Journal of women's history. 13(1) (Spring 2001): pp. 157-180 

Jennifer Nelson, ‘“All this that has happened to me shouldn’t happen to nobody else”: Loretta Ross and the Women of Color Reproductive Freedom Movement of the 1980s’  Journal of women's history. 22(3) (Fall 2010): pp. 136-160 

Meg Devlin O’Sullivan, ‘Informing Red Power and Transforming the Second Wave: Native American Women and the Struggle against Coerced Sterilization in the 1970s’ Women's history review.  25(6): pp. 965-982

Joyce Berkman, ‘The Fertility of Scholarship on the History of Reproductive Rights in the United States’, History compass.  9(5) (2011): pp. 433-447

Pamela B. DeGuzman, Donna L Schminkey, Emily A. Koyen, ‘“Civil Unrest Does Not Stop Ovulation”: Women’s Prenatal and Family Planning Services in a 1960s Detroit Neighborhood Clinic’  Family and Community Health 37(3) (July-Sept 2014): pp. 199-211 

Elena R. Gutiérrez, ‘Policing Pregnant Pilgrims: Situating the Sterilization Abuse of Mexican Origin Women in Los Angeles County’ in Molly Ladd-Taylor et al (eds)  Women, health and nation : Canada and the United States since 1945 (Toronto: McGill-Queens University Press, 2003) 

Loretta Ross, ‘African-American Women and Abortion’, in Rickie Solinger (ed)  Abortion wars : a half century of struggle, 1950-2000 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1998) 

Jane Lawrence, ‘The Indian Health Service and the Sterilization of Native American Women’  American Indian Quarterly 24(3) (Summer 2000): pp. 400-419 

Johanna Schoen, ‘Between Choice and Coercion: Women and the Politics of Sterilization in North Carolina, 1925-1975’ Journal of women's history.  13(1) (2001): pp. 132-156

Angela Davis, Women, Race and Class (London: Women’s Press, 1981), chapter 12

Susan Elizabeth Davis and Committee for Abortion Rights and Against Sterilization Abuse (ed)  Women under attack : victories, backlash, and the fight for reproductive freedom (Boston: South End Press, 1988) 

Wendy Kline, Bodies of knowledge : sexuality, reproduction, and women's health in the second wave (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010)

Rebecca M. Kulchin,  Fit to be tied : sterilization and reproductive rights in America, 1950-1980 (Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2009): chapters 4-5

Jennifer Nelson,  Women of color and the reproductive rights movement [electronic resource] (New York: New York University Press, 2003)

Marlene Gerber Fried (ed),  From abortion to reproductive freedom : transforming a movement (Boston: South End Press, 1990) 

Linda Gordon, Woman's body, woman's right : a social history of birth control in America  (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1977)

Johanna Schoen, Choice & coercion : birth control, sterilization, and abortion in public health and welfare  (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2005)

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Welfare Rights as Women’s Rights

Premilla Nadasen,  Welfare warriors : the welfare rights movement in the United States (New York: Routledge, 2005)

Premilla Nadasen,  Rethinking the welfare rights movement  (New York: Routledge, 2012) 

Premilla Nadasen, ‘Expanding the Boundaries of the Women's Movement: Black Feminism and the Struggle for Welfare Rights’,  Feminist Studies. , 28(2), Special Issue on:  Second Wave Feminism in the United States  . Reprinted in Nancy Hewitt (ed)  No permanent waves : recasting histories of U.S. feminism (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2010

Premila Nadasen, '"We Do Whatever Becomes Necessary": Johnnie Tillmon, Welfare Rights, and Black Power,' in Dayo F. Gore, Jeanne Theoharris, and Komozi Woodard (eds)  Want to start a revolution? : radical women in the black freedom struggle  (New York: New York University Press, 2009): pp. 317-338

Premilla Nadasen, ‘“Welfare’s a Green Problem”: Cross-Race Coalitions in Welfare Rights Organizing,’ in Feminist coalitions : historical perspectives on second-wave feminism in the United States , ed. by Stephanie Gilmore (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2008), pp. 178-195

Georgina Denton, ‘“Neither guns nor bombs – neither the state nor God – will stop us from fighting for our children”: Motherhood and Protest in 1960s and 1970s America’  The Sixties : a journal of history, politics and culture. 5(2) (December 2012): pp. 205-228

Gina Denton, 'Mothers Joining Together in Sisterhood: Women Strike for Peace and the National Welfare Rights Organization in the 1960s and 1970s,'  Journal of the Motherhood Initiative for Research and Community Involvement , 3, no. 2 (2012), 121-133 . Available here:  http://jarm.journals.yorku.ca/index.php/jarm/issue/view/2087/showToc

Anne M. Valk, ‘“Mother Power”: The Movement for Welfare Rights in Washington, D.C., 1966-1972’  Journal of women's history. 11(4) (2000): pp. 34-58

Anne Valk,  Radical sisters : second-wave feminism and black liberation in Washington, D.C. (Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2008): Chapter 2 ‘Defining Welfare Rights’

Annelise Orleck,  Storming Caesars Palace : how black mothers fought their own war on poverty  (Boston: Beacon Press, 2005)

Annalise Orleck, ‘“If It Wasn’t For You I’d Have Shoes For My Children”: The Political Education of Las Vegas Welfare Mothers’ in Alexis Jetter, Annelise Orleck and Diana Taylor (eds)  The politics of motherhood : activist voices from left to right (Hanover, NH: University Press of New England, 1997): pp. 102–18

Felicia Kornbluh, The battle for welfare rights : politics and poverty in modern America (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007)

Felicia Kornbluh, ‘Black Buying Power: Welfare Rights, Consumerism, and Northern Protest,’ in  Freedom north : Black freedom struggles outside the South, 1940-1980 , ed. by Jeanne Theoharis and Komozi Woodard (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003), pp. 199-222

Felicia Kornbluh, “To Fulfill Their Rightly Needs”: Consumerism and the National Welfare Rights Movement,’ Radical History Review , 69 (1997), 76-113

Marissa Chappell, The war on welfare : family, poverty, and politics in modern America (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2010)

Marisa Chappell, ‘Demanding a New Family Wage: Feminist Consensus in the 1970s Full Employment Campaign,’ in Feminist coalitions : historical perspectives on second-wave feminism in the United States , ed. by Stephanie Gilmore (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2008), pp. 252-284

Frances Fox Piven and Cloward, Richard A., Poor People’s Movements: Why They Succeed, How They Fail (New York: Vintage Books, 1977): Chapter 5 'The Welfare Rights Movement'

Triece, Mary E., Tell it like it is : women in the national welfare rights movement (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2013)

Cynthia Edmonds-Cady, ‘Mobilizing Motherhood: Race, Class, and the Uses of Maternalism in the Welfare Rights Movement,’  WSQ : Women's Studies Quarterly , 37, no. 3/4, (2009), 206-222 

Cynthia Edmonds-Cady, ‘Motherhood and Agency: American Welfare Rights Activists’ Resistance to State Control over Sexuality and Reproduction,’ Journal of the Motherhood Initiative for Research and Community Involvement , 3, no. 2 (2012), 134-149 available online

Jennifer Frost, ‘Organizing from the Bottom Up: Lillian Craig, Dovie Thurman, and the Politics of ERAP,’ in The new left revisited , ed. by John McMillian and Paul Buhle (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2003), pp. 92-109

Jackie Pope, ‘Women in the Welfare Rights Struggle: The Brooklyn Welfare Action Council,’ in Women and social protest , ed. by Guida West and Rhoda Lois Blumberg (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990), pp. 57-74

Stephen Tuck, ‘“We Are Taking Up Where the Movement of the 1960s Left Off”: The Proliferation and Power of African American Protest during the 1970s,’ Journal of contemporary history. , 43, no. 4 (2008), 637-654

Rhonda Y. Williams, ‘Nonviolence and Long Hot Summers: Black Women and Welfare Rights Struggles in the 1960s,’ borderlands e-journal , 4, no. 3 (2005), 1-38. Available online here: http://www.borderlands.net.au/vol4no3_2005/williams_welfare.htm

Todd Shaw, ‘We Refused to Lay Down Our Spears: The Persistence of Welfare Rights Activism, 1966–1996’ in Ollie A. Johnson III and Karin L. Stanford (eds)  Black political organizations in the post-civil rights era (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University, 2002): pp. 170–92

Martha Davis, 'Welfare Rights and Women's Rights in the 1960s,' in Robert Griffith and Paula Baker (eds)  Major problems in American history since 1945 : documents and essays , 2nd edition (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 2001): pp. 389-400

Kazuyo Tsuchiya, ‘“Jobs or Income Now!”: Work, Welfare, and Citizenship in Johnnie Tillmon’s Struggles for Welfare Rights’  The Japanese Journal of American Studies  , No. 22 (2011): pp. 151-170. Available online at:  http://sv121.wadax.ne.jp/~jaas-gr-jp/jjas/PDF/2011/08_151-170.pdf

Mimi Abramovitz, ‘Learning from the History of Poor and Working-Class Women’s Activism’  Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. 577 (Sep 2001): pp. 118-130

Deborah Dinner, ‘The Universal Childcare Debate: Rights Mobilization, Social Policy, and the Dynamics of Feminist Activism, 1966–1974’  Law and history review. 28(3) (August 2010): pp. 577-628

Nancy MacLean, ‘Review: From the War on Poverty to "The New Inequality": The Fight for a Living Wage’  American Quarterly 59(1) (March 2007): pp. 219-231

Eileen Boris, ‘The Power of Motherhood: Black and White Activist Women Redefine the Political’ in Seth Koven and Sonya Michel (eds)  Mothers of a new world : maternalist politics and the origins of welfare states (New York: Routledge, 1993): pp. 214–45

Linda Gordon, Pitied but not entitled : single mothers and the history of welfare, 1890-1935 (New York: Free Press, 1994)

S. Jay Kleinberg, Widows and orphans first : the family economy and social welfare policy, 1880-1939, 1880-1939 (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2006)

Michael B. Katz, The undeserving poor : from the war on poverty to the war on welfare (New York: Pantheon, 1989)

Gwendolyn Mink,  The wages of motherhood [electronic resource] : inequality in the welfare state, 1917-1942 (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1995)

Gwendolyn Mink,  Welfare's end , revised edn. (Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 2002)

Jill Quadagno, The color of welfare : how racism undermined the war on poverty (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994)

Premilla Nadasen, Jennifer Mittelstadt and Marisa Chappell, eds, Welfare in the United States : a history with documents, 1935-1996 (New York: Routledge, 2009)

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 ‘A Veritable Explosion’: Feminist of Color Writings in the 70s and 80s

Barbara Smith, ‘A Press of Our Own: Kitchen Table: Women of Color Press’  Frontiers: A Journal of Women Studies  10(3): pp. 11-3. Reprinted in Alethia Jones, Virginia Eubanks and Barbara Smith (eds)  Ain't gonna let nobody turn me around : forty years of movement building with Barbara Smith (Albany: State University of New York Press, 2014)

Susan Danielson, ‘Alice Walker’s Meridian , feminism and the “Movement”’ Women's studies. : An Interdisciplinary Journal 16(3/4): pp. 317-330

Special issue on ‘The Black Woman Writer and the Diaspora’ in  Black scholar.  17(2) (March/April 1986)

Juliana Makuchi Nfah-Abbenyi,  Gender in African women's writing : identity, sexuality, and difference (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997)

Audre Lorde,  Zami : a new spelling of my name (Persephone Press, 1982)

Audre Lorde,  The black unicorn : poems (New York: Norton, 1995 [1978])

Audre Lorde,  Sister outsider : essays and speeches (Freedom, CA: Crossing Press, 1984)

Angela Y. Davis,  Women, Race & Class (New York: Vintage, 1983)

Gloria T. Hull, Patricia Bell Scott, and Barbara Smith (eds)  All the women are White, all the Blacks are men, but some of us are brave : Black women's studies (New York: Feminist Press, 1982)

Gloria Anzaldúa and Cherríe Moraga (eds)  This bridge called my back : writings by radical women of color (New York: Kitchen Table Women of Color Press, 1981)

Gloria Anzaldúa (ed) Making faces, making soul = Haciendo caras : creative and critical perspectives of feminists of color  (San Francisco: Aunt Lute, 1990)

Gloria Anzaldúa and AnaLouise Keating (eds) This bridge we call home : radical visions for transformation  (New York: Routledge, 2002)

Barbara Smith,  Home Girls: A Black Feminist Anthology (Boston: Kitchen Table Press, 1983)

Lorraine Bethel and Barbara Smith (eds),  Conditions : Five-The Black Womens Issue (November 1979)

Beth Brant (ed),  A Gathering of spirit : a collection by North American Indian women (New York: Firebrand Books, 1989)

Cheryl Clarke, ‘Lesbianism: an Act of Resistance’ in Gloria Anzaldúa and Cherríe Moraga (eds)  This bridge called my back : writings by radical women of color (New York: Kitchen Table Women of Color Press, 1981): 128-37. Available online at: http://www.faculty.umb.edu/heike.schotten/readings/Clarke,%20Lesbianism%20as%20Resistance.pdf

Ntozake Shange,  For Colored Girls Who Have Considered Suicide/When the Rainbow Is Enuf: A Choreopoem (London: Methuen Drama, 1990 [1975])

Alice Walker, Meridian  (London: Women’s Press, 1982 [1976])

Alice Walker,  The Color Purple (London: Women’s Press, 1983)

Toni Morrison,  Beloved: A Novel (London: Chatto & Windrus, 1987)

Alma Gomez, Cherríe Moraga and Mariana Romo-Carmona,  Cuentos : stories by Latinas (New York: Kitchen Table Press, 1983) 

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White Challenges to Racism: Educators, Trainers and Writers

Adale Sholock, ‘Methodology of the Privileged: White Anti-Racist Feminism, Systematic Ignorance, and Epistemic Uncertainty’  Hypatia. 27(4): pp. 701-714

Adrienne Rich, ‘Disloyal to Civilization’ in her collection  On Lies, Secrets and Silence: Selected Prose, 1966-1978 (London: Virago, 1980)

Ann Russo, ‘“We Cannot Live Without Our Lives”: White Women, Antiracism, and Feminism’ in Mohanty, Russo and Torres (eds)  Third World Women and the Politics of Feminism (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1991): pp. 297-313

Mab Segrest,  Memoir of a race traitor (Boston: South End Press, 1994)

Lillian Smith,  Killers of the dream (London: Norton, 1994 [1949])

Mab Segrest, ‘The Souls of White Folks’ in Birgit Brander Rasmussen, Eric Klinenberg, Irene J. Nexica, and Matt Wray (eds)  The making and unmaking of whiteness (Durham: Duke University Press, 2001): pp. 43-71

Beverly Smith, ‘Face-to-Face, Day-to-day — Racism Consciousness Raising’, A conversation with Tia Cross, Freada Klein & Beverly Smith, in Gloria T. Hul, Patricia Bell Scott, and Barbara Smith, (eds)  But Some of Us are Brave: Black Women's Studies (Boston: Kitchen Table Press, 1982)

Judith Katz,  White awareness : handbook for anti-racism training (Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1978)

Elly Bulkin, Minnie Bruce Pratt, and Barbara Smith,  Yours in struggle : three feminist perspectives on anti-semitism and racism (Brooklyn, N.Y.: Long Haul Press, 1984), Bulkin and Pratt essays

Tema Okun, ‘From White Racist to White Antiracist: The Lifelong Journey’,  Changework  . Available online at: http://www.cwsworkshop.org/pdfs/CARC/White_Identity/4_Life_Long_Journey.PDF

Becky Thompson,  A promise and a way of life : white antiracist activism (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2001): Chapter 10 

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Gender & Women’s Studies: Challenges in Theory

Chandra Talpade Mohanty, ‘Under Western Eyes: Feminist Scholarship and Colonial Discourses’ in Chandra Talpade Mohanty, Ann Russo, and Lourdes Torres (eds)  Third World Women and the Politics of Feminism (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1991): pp. 51-80

Maxine Baca Zinn, Lynn Weber Cannon, Elizabeth Higginbotham and Bonnie Thornton Dill ‘The Costs of Exclusionary Practices in Women’s Studies’ Signs. 11(2) (Winter 1986): pp. 290-303

Andrea Smith, ‘American Studies without America: Native Feminisms and the Nation-State’ 60(2) (June 2008)  American Quarterly : pp. 309-315

Maxine Baca Zinn and Bonnie Thornton Dill, ‘Theorizing Difference from Multiracial Feminism’  Feminist Studies. 22(2) (Summer 1996): pp. 321-331

Edén E. Torres,  Chicana without apology : the new Chicana cultural studies : The New Chicana Cultural Studies  (New York: Routledge, 2003), chapter 2

Chela Sandoval, "Feminism and Racism: A Report on the 1981 National Women's Studies Association Conference," in Gloria Anzaldúa (ed)  Making faces, making soul = Haciendo caras : creative and critical perspectives of feminists of color (San Fran- cisco: Aunt Lute, 1990)

Gloria Anzaldúa, ‘To me theory is a way of writing a story, a way tradition says that we should write a story’ in Karin Ikas (ed)  Chicana ways : conversations with ten Chicana writers (Reno, NV: University of Nevada Press, 2002): pp. 1-26

Gloria Anzaldúa (ed) Making faces, making soul = Haciendo caras : creative and critical perspectives of feminists of color  (San Francisco: Aunt Lute, 1990)

Gloria Anzaldúa and AnaLouise Keating (eds) This bridge we call home : radical visions for transformation  (New York: Routledge, 2002)

Aída Hurtado,  The color of privilege : three blasphemies on race and feminism (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1996), especially chapter 1

Aída Hurtado, ‘  Sitios y Lenguas  : Chicanas Theorize Feminisms’  Hypatia. 13(2) (May 1998): pp. 134-161

Elizabeth R. Cole and Zakiya T. Luna, ‘Making Coalitions Work: Solidarity across Difference within US Feminism’  Feminist Studies. 36(1) (Spring 2010): pp. 71-98

Marilyn Frye, ‘On Being White: Toward a Feminist Understanding of Race and Race Supremacy’ in  The politics of reality : essays in feminist theory (Trumansburg: Crossing Press, 1983) 

Aihwa Ong, ‘Colonialism and Modernity: Feminist Representations of Women in Non-Western Societies’  Inscriptions  , Volume 3-4 (1988). Available online at:  http://culturalstudies.ucsc.edu/PUBS/Inscriptions/vol_3-4/aihwaong.html

Kristen Hogan, ‘Women’s studies in feminist bookstores: “All the women’s studies women would come in”’ Signs.  33(3) (Spring 2008): pp. 595-621

This list was last updated on 09/01/2017