Leeds University Library

ARAB3110
Module Reading List

Middle Eastern Politics: Regimes, Societies and Conflict, 2017/18, Semester 1, 2
Dr Hendrik Kraetzschmar
h.j.kraetzschmar@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

 I. Domestic Issues in Contemporary Middle Eastern Politics

 Turkey: Secularism versus Islamism

Core Readings:

Gol, A., ‘The Identity of Turkey: Muslim and Secular’, Third World Quarterly Vol. 30, No. 4 (2009), pp.795-811.

Stepan, A.C. ‘Religion, Democracy, and the “Twin Tolerations”’, Journal of Democracy Vol. 11, No. 4 (2000), pp. 37-57.

Özbudun, E., ‘AKP at the Crossroads: Erdoğan's Majoritarian Drift’, South European Society and Politics Vol. 19, No.2 (2014), pp. 155-167.

Cizre, U., Secular and Islamic Politics in Turkey: The Making of the Justice and Development Party (2008), pp.1-14 and 41-171.

 

Background/Further Readings:

Long, D.E., B. Reich and M. Gasiorowski, eds., The Government and Politics of the Middle East and North Africa (2010), Chapter 2 on Turkey.

Tepe, S., ‘Turkey's AKP: A Model “Muslim-Democratic” Party?’, Journal of Democracy Vol. 16, No. 3 (2005), pp. 69-82.

Yavuz, M.H., ed., The Emergence of a New Turkey: Democracy and the AK Parti (2006).

  

Iran: The Hallmarks of a Hybrid Political System

Core Readings:

Boroumand, L., ‘Iran in Ferment: Civil Society’s Choice’, Journal of Democracy Vol. 20, No. 4 (October 2009), pp.16-20.

Tezcür ,G.M., ‘Intra-Elite Struggles in Iranian Elections’, in Lust-Okar, E. and S. Zerhouni, eds, Political Participation in the Middle East (2008), pp. 51-74.

Shevlin, N., ‘Velayat-e faqih in the Constitution of Iran: The implementation of Theocracy’, University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law Vol. 1 (1998), pp. 358-382. Available at: http://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/upjcl1&div=19&g_sent=1&casa_token=&collection=journals.

Beeman, W. O., ‘Elections and Governmental Structure in Iran: Reform Lurks under the Flaws’, Brown Journal of World Affairs Vol.  11 (2004), pp. 55-68. Available at: http://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/brownjwa11&div=10&g_sent=1&casa_token=&collection=journals.

 

Background/Further Readings:

Adib-Moghaddam, A., ‘The Pluralistic Momentum in Iran and the Future of the Reform Movement’, Third World Quarterly Vol. 27 No. 4 (2006), pp. 665-674. Available at: www.jstor.org/stable/4017730.

Long, D.E., B. Reich and M. Gasiorowski, eds., The Government and Politics of the Middle East and North Africa (2010), Chapter 3 on Iran.

Naji, K., Ahmadinejad: The Secret History of Iran’s Radical Leader (2008).

Tezcür, G. M., et al., ‘Support for Democracy in Iran’, Political Research Quarterly Vol. 65, No. 2 (2012), pp. 235-247.

Ansari, A., Iran under Ahmadinejad: The Politics of Contradiction, Adelphi Paper No. 393 (2007), pp.67-90.

Ehteshami, A. and M. Zweiri, Iran and the Rise of its Neoconservatives (2007), pp.33-95.

 

Iraq: From US Military Occupation to Sovereign Independence?

Core Readings:

Dodge, T. ‘Iraqi Transitions: From Regime Change to State Collapse’, Third World Quarterly Vol. 26, No. 4/5 (2005), pp. 705-721. Available at: www.jstor.org/stable/3993716.

Sky, E., ‘Iraq, From Surge to Sovereignty’, Foreign Affairs, Vol. 90, No. 2 (2011), pp.117-127.

Ismael, T. Y., and J.S. Ismael, ‘Whither Iraq? Beyond Saddam, Sanctions and Occupation’, Third World Quarterly, Vol. 26, No. 4-5 (2005), pp. 609-629.

 

Background/Further Readings:

Freedman, L., A Choice of Enemies, America Confronts the Middle East (2008), pp.397-448.

Long, D.E., B. Reich and M. Gasiorowski, eds., The Government and Politics of the Middle East and North Africa (2010), Chapter 5 on Iraq.

  

Saudi Arabia: Contestation and Reform in an Absolutist Monarchy

Core Readings:

Aarts, P. and G Nonneman, eds., Saudi Arabia in the Balance: Political Economy, Society, Foreign Affairs (2005), Part III (pp.185-270).

Ehteshami, A. and S. Wright, eds. Reform in the Middle East Oil Monarchies (2011), Chapter 1 (pp. 3-46).

Khalaf, A. and G. Luciani, eds. Constitutional Reforms and Political Participation in the Gulf. Dubai: Gulf Research Centre, Chapter 11 (pp. 211-238). Available at: http://portal.research.lu.se/ws/files/5457394/625360.pdf.

Kraetzschmar, H., ‘Electoral Rules, Voter Mobilization and the Islamist Landslide in the Saudi Municipal Elections of 2005’, Contemporary Arab Affairs Vol 3, No. 4 (2010), pp. 515-533.

 

Background/Further Readings:

Al-Rasheed, M., A History of Saudi Arabia, 2nd Edition (2010).

Ayoob, M. and H. Kosebalaban, eds., Religion and Politics in Saudi Arabia: Wahhabism and the State (2009.

Long, D.E., B. Reich and M. Gasiorowski, eds., The Government and Politics of the Middle East and North Africa (2010), Chapter 4 on Saudi Arabia.

Okruhlik, G., ‘Networks of Dissent: Islamism and Reform in Saudi Arabia’, Current History Vol. 101, No. 651 (2002), pp. 22-28.

 

Relevant Documentary: BBC documentary on ‘Saudi Arabia’s Hidden Uprising’.

 

Jordan: The Survival and Importance of a Small Regional State

Core Readings:

Hamid, S. ‘Jordan: The Myth of a Democratising Monarchy’, in N. Brown and E.E. Shahin, eds. The Struggle over Democracy in the Middle East (2010), pp.121-133.

Csicsmann, L., ‘Responsible Freedom and National Security: Liberalisation and De-Liberalisation in Jordan under King Abdullah II’, Society and Economy, Vol. 29, No. 1 (2007), pp.103-122.

Lust-Okar, E. ‘Competitive Clientelism in Jordanian Elections’, in Lust-Okar, E. and S. Zerhouni, eds., Political Participation in the Middle East (2008), pp.75-94.

 

Background/Further Readings:

Fathi, S., ‘Jordanian Survival Strategy: The Election Law as a Safety Valve’, Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 4, No. 6 (November 2005), pp.889-898.

Long, D.E., B. Reich and M. Gasiorowski, eds., The Government and Politics of the Middle East and North Africa (2010), Chapter 3 on Jordan.

Shlaim, A., Lion of Jordan: The Life of King Hussein in War and Peace (2007).

 

Egypt: Islamist-Regime Contention pre-Arab Spring

Core Readings:

Al-Awadi, H., ‘A Struggle for Legitimacy: The Muslim Brotherhood and Mubarak, 1982–2009. Contemporary Arab Affairs Vol. 2, No. 2 (2009), pp.214–228.

Albrecht, H., and E. Wegner, ‘Autocrats and Islamists: Contenders and Containment in Egypt and Morocco." Journal of North African Studies Vol. 11, No. 2 (2006), pp. 123-141.

Kraetzschmar, H, and F. Cavatorta, ‘Bullets over ballots: Islamist Groups, the State and Electoral Violence in Egypt and Morocco’, Democratization Vol. 17, No. 2 (2010), pp. 326-349.

Sullivan, D. et al, Islam in Contemporary Egypt, Civil Society vs. the State (1999), pp.21-39, 41-70, 71-95.

 

Background/Further Readings:

Esposito, J. L., Islam and Politics, 4th Edition (1998), pp.131-148, 235-260.

Haklai, O. ‘Authoritarianism and Islamic Movements in the Middle East: Research and Theory-building in the Twenty-first Century’, International Studies Review Vol. 11, Issue 1 (March 2009), pp.27-45.

Long, D.E., B. Reich and M. Gasiorowski, eds., The Government and Politics of the Middle East and North Africa (2010), Chapter 13 on Egypt.

 

Relevant Documentary: Aljazeera Documentary on ‘The Brotherhood and Mubarak’

 

Top of page

II. Regional Issues in Contemporary Middle East Politics

 

Regionalism in the Middle East

Core Readings:

Fawcett, L. ‘Alliances and Regionalism in the Middle East’, in L. Fawcett ed., International Relations of the Middle East, Second Edition, (2009), pp.188-207.

Legrenzi, M. and C. Harders, ‘Introduction: Beyond Regionalism? Regional Cooperation, Regionalism and Regionalization in the Middle East’, in C. Harders and M. Legrenzi eds., Beyond Regionalism? Regional Cooperation, Regionalism and Regionalization in the Middle East (2008).

 

Background/Further Readings:

Farrell, M. et al, eds., Global Politics of Regionalism, Theory and Practice (2005), pp.1-17, 187-201, 269-286.

Lawson, F., Comparing Regionalist Projects in the Middle East and Elsewhere: One Step Back, Two Steps Forward’, in C. Harders and M. Legrenzi eds., Beyond Regionalism? Regional Cooperation, Regionalism and Regionalization in the Middle East (2008).

 

The Kurdish Question and the Region: Turkey and Iraq

Core Readings:

Ciment, J. The Kurds, State and Minority in Turkey, Iraq and Iran (1996), pp.36-74.

MacDonald, C. and C. O’Leary, eds., Kurdish Identity, Human Rights and Political Status (2007), pp.15-31, 56-76, 87-114, 161-177, 181-212, 231-236, 237-262.

Stanfield, G. and H. Ahmadzadeh, ‘Kurdish or Kurdistanis? Conceptualising Regionalism in the North of Iraq’ in R. Visser and G. Stansfield, eds., An Iraq of Its Regions: Cornerstones of a Federal Democracy (2008).

Yildiz, K. The Kurds in Iraq: The Past, Present and Future (2007), pp.7-14, 79-89, 191-212.

 

Collective Security in the Arab Gulf Region

Core Readings:

Abdullah, A.K., ‘The Gulf Cooperation Council: Nature, Origin and Process’, in M. Hudson, ed., Middle East Dilemma: The Politics and Economics of Arab Integration, 1998, pp.150-170.

Gause III, G.F., ‘The International Politics of the Gulf’, in Fawcett, L. ed., International Relations of the Middle East, Second Edition (2009).

Ulrichsen, K.C., ‘Internal and External Security in the Arab Gulf States’, Middle East Policy Vol. 16 No. 2 (2009), pp. 39-58.

 

Background/Further Readings:

Bilgin, P. Regional Security in the Middle East: A Critical Perspective, 2005, pp.1-63.

The Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research, The Gulf: The Challenges of the Future, 2005, pp.29-51, 163-231, 257-330, 353-379.

El-Hokayem, E. and M. Legrenzi, ‘The Arab Gulf States in the Shadow of the Iranian Nuclear Challenge’, Washington, DC: The Stimson Center (2006). Available at: www.files.ethz.ch/isn/17991/StimsonIranGCCWorkingPaper.pdf .

 

The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Two-State versus One-State Solutions

Core Readings:

Dumper, M., ‘A False Dichotomy? The Binationalism Debate and the Future of Divided Jerusalem’, International Affairs, Vol. 87, No. 3 (May 2011), pp.671-685.

Inbar, E., ‘The Rise and Demise of the Two-State Paradigm’, Orbis Vol. 53, No. 2 (2009), pp.265-283.

Karmi, G. ‘The One-State Solution, an Alternative Vision for Israeli-Palestinian Peace’, Journal of Palestine Studies, Vol. XL, No. 2 (Winter 2011), pp.62-76.

Robinson, G., ‘The Fragmentation of Palestine’, Current History, Vol. 106, No. 704 (December 2007), pp.421-426.

Witkin, N. ‘The Interspaced Nation-State System: A Two-State/One-Land Solution for the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict’, Middle East Journal, Vol. 65, No. 1 (Winter 2011), pp.31-54.

 

Background/Further Readings:

Hilal, J., ed., Where Now for Palestine? The Demise of the Two-State Solution (2007), pp.30-74, 99-166, 211-232.

Morris, B., One State, Two States (2009), pp.161-201.

Sayigh, Y., ‘Inducing a Failed State in Palestine’, Survival, Vol. 49, No.3 (Autumn 2007), pp.7-40.

Zuhur, S. et al, ‘Hamas and the Two-State Solution: Villain, Victim or Missing Ingredient?’, Middle East Policy, Vol. 15, No. 2 (Summer 2008), pp.1-30.

 

Prospects for Democratisation in the Middle East: Pre-and Post Arab Spring

Core Readings:

Anderson, L., ‘Demystifying the Arab Spring: Parsing the differences between Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya,’ Foreign Affairs Vol. 90, No. 2 (2011). Available at: http://heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.journals/fora90&div=40&g_sent=1&collection=journals.

Herb, M., ‘Princes, Parliaments and the Prospects for Democracy in the Gulf’, in Pripstein Posusney, M. and M. Penner Angrist eds., Authoritarianism in the Middle East: Regimes and Resistance (2005).

Heydemann, S. and Leenders, R., ‘Authoritarian Learning and Authoritarian Resilience: Regime Responses to the ‘Arab Awakening’, Globalizations Vol. 8, No. 5 (2011), pp. 647-653.

Korany, B. and P. Noble, ‘Introduction: Arab Liberalisation and Democratization – The Dialectics of the General and the Specific’, in Korany, B., R. Brynen and P. Noble eds., Political Liberalisation and Democratization in the Arab World: Comparative Experiences, Vol. 2 (1998).

Pripstein Posusney, M., ‘The Middle East’s Democracy Deficit in Comparative Perspective’, in Pripstein Posusney, M. and M. Penner Angrist eds., Authoritarianism in the Middle East: Regimes and Resistance (2005).

Zgurić, B., ‘Challenges for Democracy in Countries Affected by the ‘Arab Spring’, Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations Vol. 23, No. 4 (2012), pp. 417-434.

 

Background/Further Readings:

Abou El Fadl, K. et al, Islam and the Challenge of Democracy (2004), pp.3-128.

Albrecht, H., & Schlumberger, O., ‘“Waiting for Godot”: Regime Change without Democratization in the Middle East’, International Political Science Review Vol. 25, No. 4 (2004),pp. 371-392.

Brown, N. and E.E. Shahin, The Struggle over Democracy in the Middle East (2010).

Haerpfer, C. W. et al, Democratization (2009), pp.10-40, 74-90 and 321-338.

Ishey, M., ‘The Spring of Arab Nations? Paths towards Democratic Transition’, Philosophy and Social Criticism (2013), pp. 1-11. Available at: www.du.edu/korbel/middleeast/media/documents/Ishayarticle.pdf.

Potter, D. et al, eds., Democratization (1997), pp.1-40, 321-344, 345-366.

Korany, B., R. Brynen and P. Noble eds., Political Liberalisation and Democratization in the Arab World: Comparative Experiences, Vol. 2 (1998).

 

The Radicalisation and Globalisation of the Islamic Movement

Core Readings:

Esposito, J., The Future of Islam (2010), pp.142-199.

Gerges, F., The Far Enemy: Why Jihad Went Global, 2nd Edition (2009), pp.80-151 and 251-313.

Hroub, K., Political Islam, Context versus Ideology, pp.161-181.

Hurd, E., ‘Political Islam and Foreign Policy in Europe and the United States’, Foreign Policy Analysis, Vol. 3, No. 4 (October 2007), pp.345-367.

Long, M., ‘Ribat, al-Qaidah and the Challenge for US Foreign Policy’, Middle East Journal Vol. 63, No. 1 (Winter 2009), pp.31-47.

Mandeville, P., Global Political Islam (2007), pp.237-351.

Porter, P., ‘Long Wars and Long Telegrams: Containing Al-Qaeda’, International Affairs Vol. 85, No. 2 (March 2009), pp.285-385.

Springer, D. et al, Islamic Radicalism and Global Jihad (2009), pp.201-237.

 

This list was last updated on 15/09/2017