Leeds University Library

HIST3650
Module Reading List

Stalin and Stalinism, 2017/18, Semester 1, 2
Dr James Harris
j.r.harris@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

1. Introduction: the Contradictions of Stalinism

Sheila Fitzpatrick, “Constructing Stalinism: Changing Western and Soviet Perspectives” in Alec Nove ed., The Stalin Phenomenon (1993) pp. 70-99.

Abbott Gleason, Totalitarianism: the Inner History of the Cold War (1995)

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2. Stalin’s Rise to Power

Leon Trotsky, Stalin (1947) ch. 12 “The Road to Power”

Isaac Deutscher, Stalin: A Political Biography (1949) ch. 7 “The General Secretary”

Edvard Radzinsky, Stalin (1996) pt. 3 “The End of the October Leaders”

Robert Tucker, Stalin as Revolutionary (1974) ch. 8 “Power and the Lenin Succession”

Dmitri Volkogonov, Stalin: Triumph and Tragedy (1991) ch. 3 “Choice and Struggle”

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3. Gobbet Session I: Biography as a Source for the Study of the Stalinism

Leon Trotsky, Stalin (1947) ch. 12 “The Road to Power”

Henri Barbusse, Stalin (1935) I will photocopy a chapter from my copy

Robert Tucker, Stalin as Revolutionary (1973) ch.12 “The Decisive Trifle”

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4. Defeat of the ‘Right Deviation’ and the ‘Great Break'

Isaac Deutscher, Stalin: A Political Biography (1949) ch. 8 “The Great Change”

Robert Tucker, Stalin in Power (1990) ch. 4

Stephen F. Cohen, Bukharin and the Bolshevik Revolution ch. 8 “The Crises of Moderation”

Moshe Lewin, The Making of the Soviet System (1985) ch. 11 “The Social Background of Stalinism”; ch. 9 “State, Society and Ideology During the First Five Year Plan”

"Background of Stalinism”; ch. 9 “State, Society and Ideology During the First Five Year Plan" (Not available in catalogue)

Sheila Fitzpatrick, “The Civil War as a Formative Experience” in Abbott Gleason et al. eds., Bolshevik Culture

Catherine Merridale, Moscow Politics and the Rise of Stalin (1990)

James Harris, The Great Urals (1999) ch. 3 “The Great Urals Plan”

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5. Collectivisation and Resistance

Sheila Fitzpatrick, Stalin’s Peasants (1994) ch. 2

Lynne Viola, Peasant Rebels under Stalin (1996) ch. 5 “March Fever”

L. Viola, The Campaign to Eliminate the Kulak as a Class, Winter 1929-30: A Re-Evaluation of the Legislation” Slavic Review #3 v. 45 (1986)

James Harris, The Great Urals (1999) ch. 4

R. W. Davies, The Socialist Offensive: the Collectivisation of Soviet Agriculture, 1929-1930 (1980) pp. 243-291

Robert Conquest, The Harvest of Sorrow (1986) ch. 7

Alec Nove, An Economic History of the USSR ch. 7

Robert Tucker, Stalin in Power (1990) pp. 138-145; 172-189

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6. Famine and the Western Journalists

R. W. Davies, M. B. Tauger and S. G. Wheatcroft, “Stalin, Grain Stocks and the Famine of 1932-1933” Slavic Review v. 54 (Fall 1995) pp. 642-57. http://www.artukraine.com/famineart/davies_tauger.htm

D. G. Dalrymple, “The Soviet Famine of 1932-4” Soviet Studies #3 (1964)

D. Volkogonov, Stalin: Triumph and Tragedy (1996) ch. 17

Robert Conquest, The Harvest of Sorrow (1986) chs. 11-12

Sheila Fitzpatrick, Stalin’s Peasants (1994) ch. 2

D. Brower, “Collectivised Agriculture in Smolensk: The Party, the Peasantry and the Crisis of 1932” Russian Review #2 (1977)

James William Crowl, Angels in Stalin’s Paradise (1982) ch. 6

Sally Taylor, Stalin’s Apologist (1990) ch. 12.

David C. Engerman, “Modernization from the Other Shore: American Observers and the Costs of Soviet Economic Development” The American Historical Review v.105 #2 (2000)

Links:

http://lcweb.loc.gov/exhibits/archives/ukra.html

http://www.ukrweekly.com/old/archive/Great_Famine/index.shtml

http://www.ncsa.uic.edu/SDG/Experimental/soviet.exhibit/aa2feig2.html (link broken).

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7. Gobbet Session II: Famine and the Western Journalists

William Henry Chamberlin, Russia’s Iron Age (1935) ch. 4 “The Ordeal of the Peasantry”

Frederick Griffin, Soviet Scene (1932) ch. 22 “Kolkhos and Kulak”; ch. 23 “Pageant of Peasants”

Maurice Hindus, The Great Offensive (1933) Introduction, ch. 7 “Collectives”

Eugene Lyons, Assignment in Utopia (1938) ch. 15 “The Press Corps Conceals a Famine”

Walter Duranty, Duranty Reports Russia (1934) pt. III (read with Walter Duranty, USSR (1944) ch. 17)

For the especially ambitious:

Duranty, New York Times 1,2,3 September, 6, 15 November 1932, 31 March 1933.

Louis Fischer, Baltimore Sun 11 September 1932; The Nation 9 August 1933

Barnes, New York Herald Tribune 21 August 1933

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8. Industrialisation and Enthusiasm

Sheila Fitzpatrick, Education and Social Mobility in the Soviet Union 1921-1934 (1979) last chapter

Sheila Fitzpatrick, The Cultural Front: Power and Culture in Revolutionary Russia (1992) ch. 7 “Stalin and the Making of a New Elite”

Sarah Davies, Popular Opinion in Stalin’s Russia (1997) ch. 1 Workers, the Economy and Labour Policy”

D. Filtzer, Soviet Workers and Stalinist Industrialization (1986)

V. Anderle, “How Backward Workers Became Soviet: Industrialisation of Labour and the Politics of Efficiency under the Second Five-Year-Plan, 1933-1937” Social History (1985) #2 pp. 147-169

Maurice Hindus, The Great Offensive (1933) chs. 1, 3.

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9. Language and Identity

Georg Iggers, Historiography in the Twentieth Century (1997) ch. 10 “The Linguistic Turn”

J. Hellbeck, 'Fashioning the Stalinist Soul: The Diary of Stepan Podlubnyi' in S. Fitzpatrick (ed.), Stalinism: New Directions (2000)

Sarah Davies, “Us against Them: Social Identity in Soviet Russia, 1934-1941” in Sheila Fitzpatrick ed., Stalinism: New Directions (2000). See also Russian Review v. 56 #1 1997 pp. 70-89.

Sheila Fitzpatrick, “Ascribing Class: The Construction of Social Identity in Soviet Russia” in Sheila Fitzpatrick ed., Stalinism: New Directions (2000). See also Journal of Modern History v. 65 #4 (1993)

Jeffrey Brooks, Thank You, Comrade Stalin (1999) ch. 6 “Honor and Dishonor”

Stephen Kotkin, Magnetic Mountain (1995) ch. 5 “Speaking Bolshevik”

David Hoffmann, Peasant Metropolis: Social Identities in Moscow, 1929-1941 (1994)

Lynne Attwood and Catriona Kelly, “Programmes for Identity: The ‘New Man’ and the ‘New Woman’ in Catriona Kelly and David Shepherd eds., Constructing Russian Culture (1998) pp. 256-290.

G. Alexopoulos, ‘Portrait of a Con Artist as a Soviet Man’ Slavic Review 57/ 4, 1998

I. Halfin, and J. Hellbeck, 'Rethinking the Stalinist Subject: Stephen Kotkin's "Magnetic Mountain" and the State of Soviet Historical Studies' Jahrbucher fur Geschichte Osteuropas, 4, 1996

J. Hellbeck, ‘Working, Struggling, Becoming: Stalin-Era Autobiographical Texts’ Russian Review 60/3, 2001

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10 Gobbet Session III: Language and Identity

Verronique Garros et al. eds., Intimacy and Terror (1995) ch. The Diary of Stepan Podliubnyi

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11. A Great Retreat?

Joseph Stalin, Report to the Seventeenth Party Congress on the Work of the Central Committee of the CPSU, January 26, 1934, in Works v. 13 pp. 312-388.

L. Trotsky, The Revolution Betrayed (1935) chs. 5-8

Nicholas Timasheff, The Great Retreat (1946) ch. 7 “The Fatherland Forgotten or Re-Discovered?”

Robert V. Daniels ed., The Stalin Revolution: Fulfillment or Betrayal of Communism? (1965)

Robert V. Daniels ed., The Stalin Revolution: Foundations of Soviet Totalitarianism (1990)

Robert Tucker, “Stalinism as Revolution from Above” in Robert Tucker ed., Stalinism: Essays in Historical Interpretation (1977)

Stephen Kotkin, Magnetic Mountain (1995) Introduction

Ken Jowitt, “Soviet Neo-traditionalism” Soviet Studies #3 (1983) pp. 275-97. See also Ken Jowitt, New World Disorder (1992) ch. 4 “Neo-traditionalism”

Sheila Fitzpatrick, Everyday Stalinism (1999) ch. 3 Palaces on Monday

Terry Martin, “Modernisation or Neo-traditionalism” in Sheila Fitzpatrick ed., Stalinism: New Directions (2000)

David Brandenberger and A. M. Dubrovskii, "The People Need a Tsar": the Emergence of National Bolshevism as Stalinist Ideology, 1931-1941" Europe-Asia Studies v. 50 #5 (1998)

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12. Gobbet Session IV: A Great Retreat?

Joseph Stalin, Report to the Seventeenth Party Congress on the Work of the Central Committee of the CPSU, January 26, 1934, in Works v. 13 pp. 312-388.

L. Trotsky, The Revolution Betrayed (1935) chs. 5-8

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13. Consumption and Culture

Vera Dunham, In Stalin’s Time: Middleclass Values in Soviet Fiction (1976)

Sheila Fitzpatrick, “Becoming Cultured: Socialist Realism and the Representation of Culture and Taste” in Sheila Fitzpatrick, The Cultural Front (1992)

Julie Hessler, “Cultured Trade: The Stalinist Turn towards Consumerism” in Sheila. Fitzpatrick ed., Stalinism: New Directions (2000)

Lewis Siegelbaum, Stakhanovism and the Politics of Productivity in the USSR, 1935-1941 (1988) ch. 6 “Stakhanovism in the Cultural Mythology of the 1930s”

Elena Osokina, Our Daily Bread (1999)

Vadim Volkov, “The Concept of Kul’turnost” in Sheila Fitzpatrick ed., Stalinism: New Directions (2000)

Stephen Kotkin, Magnetic Mountain, ch. 6

Lesley Rimmel, “Another Kind of Fear: the Kirov Murder and the End of Bread Rationing in Leningrad” Slavic Review v. 56 # 3 (1997)

Sheila Fitzpatrick, Everyday Stalinism (1999) ch. 2 “Hard Times”

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14. Gender

S. Fitzpatrick, Everyday Stalinism (1999) ch. 6

W. Goldman, Women, the State and Revolution: Soviet Family Policy and Social Life 1917-1936 (1993) chs. 7-8

G. Lapidus, Women in Soviet Society (1978) ch.3

David Hoffmann, Stalinist Values: The Cultural Norms of Soviet Modernity (2003) ch. “Stalinist Family Values”

S. Fitzpatrick and Y. Slezkine (eds.), In the Shadow of the Revolution (2000)

W. Goldman, ‘Industrial Politics, Peasant Rebellion, and the Death of the Proletarian Women’s Movement in the USSR’ Slavic Review, 55/1, 1996

Susan Reid, 'All Stalin's Women: Gender and Power in Soviet art of the 1930s' Slavic Review, 1998, 57/1

V. Bonnell, ‘The Representation of Women in Early Soviet Political Art’ Russian Review, 50, 1991

V. Bonnell, ‘The Peasant Woman in Stalinist Political Art of the 1930s’ American Historical Review, 98/1, 1993

Mary Buckley, Women and ideology in the Soviet Union (1989)

B. Clements et al (eds.), Russia's Women: Accommodation, Resistance, Transformation (1991) 225-278

J. Evans, 'The CPSU and the "Woman Question": the Case of the 1936 Decree "In Defence of Mother and Child’ Journal of Contemporary History 1981, 16

B. Farnsworth and L. Viola (eds.), Russian Peasant Women (1992) chs.10-11

M. Ilic, Women Workers in the Soviet Inter-war Economy (1999)

Gail Lapidus, Women in Soviet Society (1978), ch.3

T. Strizheneva, Soviet Costume and Textiles 1917-1945 (1991) 213-299

Lynne Viola, 'Bab'i bunty and peasant women's protest during collectivisation' Russian Review, 45/1, 1986, reprinted in C. Ward (ed.), The Stalinist Dictatorship (1998) and in B. Farnsworth and L. Viola (eds.) Russian Peasant Women (1992)

E. Waters, ‘The Modernisation of Russian Motherhood 1917-1937’ Soviet Studies, 44/1, 1992

Mary Buckley, ‘The Untold Story of Obshchestvennitsa in the 1930s’ Europe-Asia Studies, 48/4, 1996

Rebecca Neary, ‘Mothering Socialist Society. The Wife-Activists Movement and the Soviet Culture of Daily Life’ Russian Review 58/3, 1999

Lynne Attwood and Catriona Kelly, ‘Programmes for Identity: The ‘New Man’ and the ‘New Woman’ in Catriona Kelly and David Shepherd (eds.), Constructing Russian Culture (1998) 256-290

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15. Gulag

David J. Dallin and Boris Nicolaevsky, Forced Labor in Soviet Russia (1948)

S. Swianiewicz, Forced Labour and Economic Development (1965)

Aleksander Solzhenitsyn, The Gulag Archipelago (1973)

Stephen Rosenfield, “The First Great Leap Forward Reconsidered: the Lessons of Aleksander Solzhenitsyn’s Gulag Archipelago” Slavic review. v. 39 #4 (1980)

Peter Solomon, “Soviet Penal Policy, 1917-1934: A Reinterpretation” Slavic Review 39 (June 1980)

Michael Jakobson, Origins of the Gulag: the Soviet Prison Camp System, 1917-1934 (1993)

J. Arch Getty, Gabor Rittersporn and Viktor Zemskov, “Victims of the Soviet System in the Pre-War Years: A First Approach on the Basis of Archival Evidence” American Historical Review v. 98 #4 (1993)

Edwin Bacon, The Gulag at War (1994) chs. 1-3

R. W. Davies, “Forced Labour under Stalin: the Archive Revelations” New Left Review #214 (1995)

James Harris, “The Growth of the Gulag: Forced Labor in the Urals Region, 1929-1931” Russian Review v. 56 (April 1997) pp. 265-280

David Nordlander, Origins of a Gulag Capital: Magadan and Stalinist Control in the Early 1930s” Slavic Review v. 57 #4 (1998)

http://www.osa.ceu.hu/gulag/

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16. Did Stalin have Kirov murdered?

Diane Koenker and Ronald Bachman eds., Revelations from the Russian Archives (1997) pp. 62-87.

Robert V. Daniels, A Documentary History of Communism, v. 1 (1993) pp. 250-253 (Letter of an Old Bolshevik [1936])

Robert Conquest, The Great Terror: A Reassessment (1990) chs. 1-3 (esp. ch. 2)

J. Arch Getty, Origins of the Great Purges (1985) appendix: the Kirov Assassination

J. Arch Getty, “The Politics of Repression Revisited” (section on ‘The Kirov Affair’) in J. Arch Getty and Roberta Manning, Stalinist Terror (1993)

Amy Knight, Who Killed Kirov? (esp. the later chapters dealing directly with the Kirov murder)

Robert McNeal, Stalin: Man and Ruler (ch. 9)

Roy Medvedev, Let History Judge (ch. 5 esp. pts. 1-4)

Robert C. Tucker, Stalin in Power (chs. 12-13, but esp. ch. 12)

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17. Gobbet Session V: Did Stalin have Kirov murdered?

Diane Koenker and Ronald Bachman eds., Revelations from the Russian Archives (1997) pp. 62-87.

Robert V. Daniels, A Documentary History of Communism, v. 1 (1993) pp. 250-253 (Letter of an Old Bolshevik [1936])

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18. The Great Terror (1936-38)

Robert Conquest, The Great Terror: A Reassessment (1990) chs. 4-6, 8, 12

Robert C. Tucker, Stalin in Power (1990) ch. 15

J. Arch Getty, Origins of the Great Purges (1985)

J. Arch Getty, “The Politics of Repression Revisited” in J. Arch Getty and Roberta Manning eds., Stalinist Terror (1993)

J. Arch Getty, “Samokritika Rituals in the Stalinist Central Committee, 1933-1938” Russian Review (January 1999). See also his The Road to Terror (1999)

E. A. Rees, “The Great Terror: Suicide or Murder?” Russian Review v. 59 #3 (July 2000)

Gabor Tamas Rittersporn, “The Omnipresent Conspiracy” in J. Arch Getty and Roberta Manning eds., Stalinist Terror (1983)

Paul Hagenloh, “’Socially Harmful Elements’ and the Great Terror” in Sheila Fitzpatrick ed., Stalinism: New Directions (2000)

Hiroaki Kuromiya, “Accounting for the Great Terror” unpublished conference paper

James Harris, “The Purging of Local Cliques in the Urals Region, 1936-1937” in Sheila Fitzpatrick ed., Stalinism: New Directions (2000)

Oleg Khlevniuk, “The Objectives of the Great Terror, 1937-1938” in Julian Cooper ed., Soviet History, 1917-53: Essays in Honour of R. W. Davies (1995)

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19. Foreign Policy and the Nazi-Soviet Pact

Feliks Chuev, Molotov Remembers (1993) pp. 8-32

Jiri Hochman, The Soviet Union and the Failure of Collective Security, 1934-1938 (1984)

Robert C. Tucker, Stalin in Power (1990) pp. 338-350, 592-598

Geoffrey Roberts, The Soviet Union and the Origins of the Second World War (1990)

J. Haslam, “Soviet Foreign Policy, 1939-1941” Soviet Union/Union Sovietique V18 1-3 pp103-121 (1991)

R. C. Raack, “Stalin’s Plans for World War Two” Journal of Contemporary History v. 26 (1991)

J. Leaman, The Treaty of Non-aggression between Germany and the USSR—Old Myths, New Myths and Re-interpretations” German History v. 12 #2 (1992)

Richard Raack, Stalin’s Drive to the West, 1938-1945 (1995) esp introduction

R. C. Raack, “Stalin’s Plans for World War Two Told by a High Comintern Source” The Historical Journal v. 38 #4 (1995)

R. C. Raack, Stalin’s Role in the Coming of World War II: The International Debate Goes On” World Affairs v. 159 #2 (1996)

Geoffrey Roberts, ‘The Soviet Decision for a Pact with Nazi Germany’ Soviet Studies v. 44 #1 (1992)

Gabriel Gorodetsky, Grand Delusion (1999)

Gabriel Gorodetsky ed., Soviet Foreign Policy 1917-1991: A Retrospective (1994) esp articles by Francis Conte and Jonathan Haslam

James Barros and Richard Gregor, Double Deception (1995)

Albert Resis, “The Fall of Litvinov: Harbinger of the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact” Europe-Asia Studies v. 52 #1 (January 2000) pp. 33-56.

Documents on Nazi Soviet relations 1937-1938:

http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/nazsov/nazsov.htm

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20. The Nazi Invasion

N. S. Khrushchev, Khrushchev Remembers (1971) pp.157-82, 586-96

G. K. Zhukov, The Memoirs of Marshal Zhukov (1971) pp. 233-241:

Viktor Chuev, Molotov Remembers (1993) pp. 21-39

Dmitri Volkogonov, Stalin: Triumph and Tragedy (1991) chs. 39-41.

Dallin, “Stalin and the German Invasion” Soviet Union/Union Sovietique ##1-3 (1991)

Bernd Wegner ed., From Peace to War: Germany, Soviet Russia and the World, 1939-1941 (1997) pt. IV

Cynthia Roberts, “Planning for War: The Red Army and the Catastrophe of 1941” Europe-Asia Studies 8 (1995)

Steven J. Main, “Stalin in June 1941: A Comment on Cynthia Roberts” Europe-Asia Studies 5 (1996)

Geoffrey Roberts, “Military Disaster as a Function of Rational Political Calculation: Stalin and 22 June 1941” Diplomacy and Statecraft (July 1993)

Louis Rotundo, “Stalin and the Outbreak of War in 1941” Journal of Contemporary History 2 (1989)

Robert Tucker, Stalin in Power (1990) pp. 609-25

James Barros, Double Deception: Stalin Hitler and the Invasion of Russia (1995)

Gabriel Gorodetsky, Grand Delusion (1999)

Teddy Uldricks, “The Icebreaker Controversy: Did Stalin Plan to Attack Hitler?” Slavic Review v. 58 #3 (1999)

V. A. Nevezhin, “Strategicheskie zamysli Stalina nakanune 22 iiunia 1941 goda: k itogam diskussii” Otechestvennaia istoriia #5 (1999)

Stalin, Broadcast to the Soviet People, 3 July 1941 (http://metalab.unc.edu/pha/policy/1941/410703a.html)

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21. Gobbet Session VI: The Nazi Invasion

N. S. Khrushchev, Khrushchev Remembers (1971) pp.157-82, 586-96

G. K. Zhukov, The Memoirs of Marshal Zhukov (1971) pp. 233-241:

Viktor Chuev, Molotov Remembers (1993) pp. 21-39

 

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Online Course Readings

Following these links from within the VLE will take you back to the homepage. All of the Online Course Readings for this module are available in the Learning Resources area of the HIST3650 module.

Siegelbaum, Lewis H., (1988) "Stakhanovism in the Cultural Mythology in the 1930s" from Siegelbaum, Lewis H., takhanovism and the politics of productivity in the USSR, 1935-1941 pp.210-246, Cambridge University Press Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Hough, Jerry, (1976) "Introduction" from Dunham, Vera S., In Stalin's time: middleclass values in Soviet fiction pp.vii-ix, Cambridge University Press Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Goldman, Wendy Z., (1993) "Controlling Reproduction: Women versus the state" from Goldman, Wendy Z., Women, the state and revolution : Soviet family policy and social life, 1917-1936 pp.254-295, Cambridge University Press Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Attwood, L., & Kelly, C, (1998) "Programmes for Identity: The 'New Man' and the 'New Women'" from Kelly, C., & Shepherd, D (eds), Constructing Russian culture in the age of revolution, 1881-1940 pp.256-290, Oxford University Press Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Bacon, Edwin, (1994) "Gulag Studies" from Bacon, Edwin, The Gulag at war : Stalin's forced labour system in the light of the archives pp.6-22, Macmillan Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Nikolaevskii, Boris, (1966) "Letter of an old Bolshevik" from Nikolaevskii, Boris, Power and the Soviet elite : pp.26-65, Pall Mall Publishers, London Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Conquest, Robert, (1992) "The Kirkov Murder" from Conquest, Robert, The Great Terror : a reassessment pp.37-52, Pimlico Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

J. Arch Getty, (1985) "Appendix: The Kirov Assassination" from J. Arch Getty, Origins of the great purges : the Soviet Communist Party reconsidered 1933-1938 pp.207-210, Cambridge University Press Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

McNeal, Robert, (1988) "Murder" from McNeal, Robert H, Stalin: man and ruler pp.161-180, Macmillan Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Leaman, J, (1992) "The Treaty of Non-agression between Germany and the USSR" from German History 12 (2) pp.250-258, Arnold Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

Roberts, Geoffrey, (1993) "Military Disaster as a Function of Rational Political Calculation: Stalin and 22 June 1941" from Diplomacy and statecraft July pp.313-330 Available as an Online Course Reading through the VLE

 

This list was last updated on 23/07/2010