Leeds University Library

IDEA3301
Module Reading List

Reasons, Virtues and Obligation, 2017/18, Semester 1
Dr Joe Saunders
J.Saunders@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Reading List

The main readings for this module are mainly articles (listed below as required readings) from Vice & virtue in everyday life : introductory readings in ethics , (6th ed.), eds. Christina Sommers and Fred Sommers, Wadsworth Publishers, 2004 (hereafter, VV ). We recommend that you buy a copy of this book, which should be available from the Leeds branch of Blackwells, or online. There are also copies in the University library. Aside from the required readings this collection contains a number of very relevant pieces for this module, and will be helpful when you come to write your assessments. However if you do not manage to get hold of a copy of this book we have provided electronic versions of each required reading from alternative sources. 

We have also provided a list of further readings, which includes suggestions for supplementary reading or more general reading around the subject. These further readings might be useful to you when you are working on your essay topic. 

You should become accustomed to seeking out additional useful reading material in the libraries. It is worthwhile to make a habit of looking at recent journals in the field such as the Journal of medical ethics. , the Hastings Center report. , Bioethics. , and the Journal of applied philosophy. You may also wish to consider the journals Ethics. and Philosophy & public affairs. which often have interesting discussions on relevant topics.

If you have difficulty finding helpful readings on a topic do seek advice from your tutors.

Required Reading

Below is a list of the required readings for this module. 

Unit 1.1:

The first reading is two extracts from Plato's Republic. Plato's work is freely available online but can be difficult to navigate. We have provided you with links to the extracts, taken from the Perseus Digital Library :

We would also like you to read an extract from Dostoyevsky's Crime and Punishment. This novel is also freely available online. We have provided links to one source, but if you have a copy of the novel, feel free to read your own version. Please note that the translation here is not the best, but is sufficient for our purposes.

Plato, (1945) Part 2, Chapter 5. FROM: Plato, The Republic of Plato. pp.41-53. London: Oxford University Press. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Unit 1.2:

Louis P. Pojman, Chapter 2: ‘Ethical Relativism’ from Ethics: Discovering Right and Wrong , 5th Edition, (Belmont: Thomson, 2006). Available as an Online Course Reading

Unit 1.3:

Aristotle, Extracts from Nicomachean Ethics , in Sommers, Vice and Virtue in Everyday Life , pp. 279-295. Available as an Online Course Reading . Note that for this unit you only need to read pages 279-295.

Unit 1.4:

Aristotle, Extracts from Nicomachean Ethics , in Sommers, Vice and Virtue in Everyday Life , pp. 570-579. Available as an Online Course Reading . Note that for this unit you only need to read pages 570-579.

Unit 1.5:

David Hume, Extracts from Treatise of Human Nature :

  • Book II (Of the Passions), Part III (Of the Will and Direct Passions), Section 3 (Of the Influencing Motives of the Will).
  • Book III (Of Morals) Part I (of Virtue and Vice in General), Sections 1 and 2.
  • Book III, Part II (Of Justice and Injustice), Sections 1 and 2.

Unit 1.6:

John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism , Section 2. Available as an Online Course Reading .

Bernard Williams, ‘A Critique of Utilitarianism’, in Nigel Warbuton, Philosophy : basic readings , (London: Routledge, 2005). Available as an eBook through the Library .

Williams, Bernard, (1993) Chapter 10: Utilitarianism. FROM: Williams, Bernard, Morality : an introduction to ethics . pp.82-98. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Unit 1.7:

Immanuel Kant, Extracts from Groundwork of the metaphysics of morals . Available as an Online Course Reading.

Unit 1.8:

There is no required reading for this unit.

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Further Reading

Below is a list of further reading. These will be helpful for you when you are working on your essay. We have provided links to those that are available online, but for many of them you will need to visit a library. Some of the books may be available to view on Google Books , so it is worth checking there.

General

Baron, M., Pettit, P., and Slote, M. Three methods of ethics : a debate (Oxford: Blackwell, 1997).

Becker, L. and Becker, C. (eds.), The Encyclopedia of Ethics , (Garland, 1992).

Benn, Piers, Ethics , (UCL Press, 1998).

Chadwick, R. (ed.), Encyclopedia of applied ethics , (San Diego, Academic Press, 1997).

Darwall, Stephen L. ‘Theories of Ethics’, in Frey, R.G. and Wellman, Christopher Heath, (eds.) A companion to applied ethics , (Malden, MA.: Blackwell, 2003).

Morgan, Michael L. (ed.), Classics of Moral and Political Theory , (Hackett: 2001).

Norman, Richard, The Moral Philosophers , (Clarendon Press, 1983).

Nussbaum, Martha, The Fragility of Goodness , (Cambridge University Press, 1986).

Singer, Peter (ed.), A companion to ethics , (Blackwell, 1991).

Singer, Peter (ed.), Ethics , (Oxford University Press, 1994).

White, James E. (ed.), Contemporary Moral Problems , (West, 1993).

On what kind of life to live

Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics , Books I and X.

Kenny, Anthony, ‘Happiness’, in Joel Feinberg (ed.), Moral concepts , (Oxford University Press, 1969).

Kraut, R., ‘Two Conceptions of Happiness’, Philosophical review. , Vol. 88, No. 2, (1979), pp. 167-197.

Singer, Peter, How are we to live? : ethics in an age of self-interest , (Mandarin, 1994), especially Chapters 1 and 8-11.

Aristotle and Virtue Ethics

Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics , Book I, and Books II-IV.

Crisp, Roger (ed.), How should one live? : essays on the virtues , (Oxford University Press, 1996).

Geach, Peter, The virtues , (Cambridge University Press, 1977), especially Chapter 1. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Hughes, Gerald J. (ed.) Routledge philosophy guidebook to Aristotle on ethics , (London: Routledge, 2001).

Hursthouse, Rosalind, Beginning lives , (Blackwell, 1987), Chapter 6, Section 2.

Hursthourse, Rosalind, On virtue ethics , (Oxford University Press, 2000).

Hursthouse, Rosalind, ‘Virtue Ethics’, Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. (Spring 2009 Edition) , E. N. Zalta (ed.).

Kraut, Richard, ‘Aristotle's Ethics’, Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. (Summer 2010 Edition) , E. N. Zalta (ed.).

Macintyre, Alasdair, After Virtue , (Duckworth, 1982).

Wallace, J.D., Virtues and vices , (Cornell University Press, 1978).

Utilitarianism

Brink, David, ‘Mill's Moral and Political Philosophy’, Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. (Fall 2008 Edition) , E. N. Zalta (ed.).

Ewing, A.C., Ethics (New York: Free Press, 1965), Chapter 3. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Pettit, P., ‘Consequentialism’, in Singer, Peter (ed.), A companion to ethics , (Blackwell, 1991). Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE

Quinton, A., Utilitarian Ethics , (Open Court, 1989).

Scheffler, S., The Rejection of Consequentialism , (Oxford University Press, 1992).

Sen, A., and Williams, B., Utilitarianism and beyond , (Cambridge University Press, 1982).

Smart, J.J.C., and Williams, B., Utilitarianism : for and against , (Cambridge University Press, 1973).

Williams, B., Morality: An Introduction to Ethics , (Cambridge University Press), Chapter 10.

Hume

Cohon, Rachel, ‘Hume's Moral Philosophy’, Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. (Fall 2010 Edition) , E. N. Zalta (ed.).

Kant and Deontology

Bird, Graham, ‘Part III: The Moral Philosophy’, in Graham Bird, (ed), A companion to Kant , (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009).

Davis, N., ‘Contemporary Deontology’, in Singer, Peter (ed.), A companion to ethics , (Blackwell, 1991).

Johnson, Robert, ‘Kant's Moral Philosophy’, Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy [electronic resource]. (Summer 2010 Edition) , E. N. Zalta (ed.).

Korsgaard, C., Creating the kingdom of ends , (Cambridge University Press, 1996). Some of the chapters of this book were previously published as journal articles and are available freely online:

‘Kant's Formula of Universal Law’, Pacific Philosophical Quarterly , 66/1-2 (1985): 24-47. ;

‘Creating the Kingdom of Ends: Reciprocity and Responsibility in Personal Relationships’, Philosophical Perspectives , 6 (1992): 305-332.

O'Neill, O., Constructions of reason : explorations of Kant's practical philosophy , (Cambridge University Press, 1994).

Ross, W.D., The Right and the Good , (Oxford University Press, 1930), Chapter 2. Available as an Online Course Reading in the VLE


This list was last updated on 20/10/2014