Leeds University Library

SPPO2681
Module Reading List

Modern Spain (1868-1975), 2017/18, Semester 1, 2
Dr Angel Smith
a.k.a.smith@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Reference Guides

Miguel Artola, Enciclopedia de historia de España , 7 vols. Madrid: Alianza, 1988-1995.

Robert W. Kern (ed), Historical dictionary of modern Spain, 1700-1988 . New York: Greenwood Press, 1990.

Angel Smith, Historical dictionary of Spain , 2nd ed. Lanham, Md,: Scarecrow Press, 2009.

Top of page

Introductory Works

Álvarez Junco, José, and Adrian Shubert (eds.), Spanish History since 1808 . London: Arnold, 2000.

Carr, Raymond (ed), Spain: A History . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000 (Chapters by Raymond Carr and Sebastian Balfour).

Shubert, Adrian, A Social History of Modern Spain . London: Unwin Hyman, 1990.

Vincent, Mary, Spain 1833-2002 : People and State . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Romero Salvadó, Francisco J., Twentieth-Century Spain : Politics and Society, 1898-1998 , Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1999,

Binkhorn, Martin, Democracy and Civil War in Spain 1931-1939 . London: Routledge, 1988.

Preston, Paul (ed.), Revolution and War in Spain, 1931-1939 . York: Methuen, 1984.

Graham, Helen, The Spanish Civil War : a Very Short Introduction . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Grugel, Jean, and Tim Rees, Franco's Spain . London: Arnold, 1997.

Carr, Raymond, and Juan Pablo Fusi, Spain: Dictatorship to Democracy . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982.

Top of page

Liberal Spain, 1850-1923

General Works

Carr, Raymond, Modern Spain, 1875-1980 . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980.

Carr, Raymond, Spain 1808-1975 . 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1982.

Carr, Raymond, ‘Liberalism and Reaction, 1833-1931’, in Raymond Carr (ed.), Spain: a History (Oxford University Press, 2000), pp. 205-242.

Esdaile, Charles, Spain in the Liberal Age : From Constitution to Civil War, 1808-1939 . Oxford: Blackwell, 2000.

Herr, Richard, An Historical Essay on Modern Spain . Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971.

Smith, Angel, 'The Rise and Fall of "Respectable" Spanish Liberalism, 1808-1923: An Explanatory Framework', Journal of Iberian and Latin American studies., vol. 22, no. 1 (2016), pp. 55-73.

Tortella, Gabriel, et al, Revolución burguesa, oligarquía y constitucionalismo : (1834-1923) . Vol. 8 of Historia de España, dirigida por Manuel Tuñón de Lara. Barcelona: Labor, 1983.

The Spanish Economy and Society

Harrison, Joseph, An Economic History of Modern Spain . Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1978.

Harrison, Joseph, “The Agrarian History of Modern Spain 1800- 1960.” Agrarian History Review 37 (1989): 180-187.

Harrison, Joseph, “The Economic History of Spain since 1800.” The Economic History Review. 43 (February 1990): 79-89.

Herr, Richard, “Spain.” In European Landed Elites in the Nineteenth Century , ed. David Spring. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1977.

Nadal, Jordi, “Spain, 1830-1914.” In The emergence of industrial societies . Vol. 4, pt. 2. ed. Carlos M. Cipolla. London: Collins/Fontana, 1973.

Prados de Escosura, Leandro, "Economic Growth and Backwardness, 1780-1930", in Álvarez Junco, José, and Adrian Shubert (eds). Spanish History since 1808 . London: Arnold, 2000, pp. 180-90.

Simpson,J. “Spanish Agricultural Production and Productivity, 1890-1936”. In The economic development of Spain since 1870 , eds P. Martín Aceña and J. Simpson. Aldershot: Edward Elgar, 1995.

Simpson, J, Spanish Agriculture: The Long Siesta, 1765-1965 . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Tortella, Gabriel, The Development of Modern Spain: An Economic History of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries . Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2000.

Shubert, Adrian, A Social History of Modern Spain . London: Unwin Hyman, 1990.

The Political System

Dardé, Carlos, "Caracteristicas de la vida política", in Javier Varela Ortega (ed), El poder de la influencia : geografía del caciquismo en España (1875-1923) . Madrid: Marcial Pons, 2001.

Kern, Richard, Liberals, Reformers, and Caciques in Restoration Spain, 1875-1909 . Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1974.

Jacobson, Stephen, and Javier Moreno Luzón, ‘The Political System of the Restoration, 1875-1914: Political and Social Elites’, in Álvarez Junco, José, and Adrian Shubert (eds). Spanish History since 1808 . London: Arnold, 2000, pp. 94-110

Luzón, Javier Moreno, “Political Clientelism, Elites and Caciquismo in Restoration Spain (1875-1923).” European History Quarterly. 37, no. 3 (July, 2007), pp. 417-441.

Romero Maura, Joaquín, ‘Caciquismo as a Political System’, in Ernest Gelner and John Waterbury (eds), Patrons and Clients in Mediterranean Societies . London: Center for Mediterranean Studies of the American Universities Field Staff, 1977.

Varela Ortega, José, Los amigos políticos :partidos, elecciones y caciquismo en la Restauración (1875-1900) . Madrid: Alianza Editorial, 1977.

The Military

Barker, Thomas M., and Rafael Bañón Martínez (eds.), Armed forces and Society in Spain Past and Present . Boulder: Social Science Monographs, 1988.

Boyd, Carolyn, ‘The Military and Politics, 1808-1874’, in Álvarez Junco, José, and Adrian Shubert (eds). Spanish History since 1808 . London: Arnold, 2000, pp. 64-79.

Boyd, Carolyn, Praetorian Politics in Liberal Spain (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1979).

Cardona, Gabriel, El poder militar en la España contemporánea hasta la Guerra Civil (Madrid: Siglo XXI, 1983)

Cruz, Rafael, ‘La lógica de la Guerra. Ejército, estado y revolución en la España contemporánea’, Studia-Histórica-Historia Contemporánea, vol. X-XI (1992-93), pp. 207-22 - Available online: http://gredos.usal.es/jspui/bitstream/10366/80046/1/La_logica_de_la_guerra_Ejercito,_Estado_.pdf

Social and Cultural Divisions: Left and Right, Clericalism and Anticlericalism

The Sexenio, 1868-1874

Hennessy, C. A. M., The Federal Republic in Spain : Pi y Margall and the Federal Republican Movement, 1868-74 . Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1964.

The Clerical Right

Callahan, William J., Church, Politics and Society in Spain, 1750-1874 . Cambridge, Mass and London: Harvard University Press, 1984.

Callahan, William J., “Was Spain Catholic? ”, Revista Canadiense de Estudios Hispanicos. 8, no. 2 (Winter 1984), pp. 160-181.

Callahan, William J., "Church and State, 1808-1874", in Álvarez Junco, José, and Adrian Shubert (eds.), Spanish History since 1808 . London: Arnold, 2000, pp. 49-63.

Connelly Ullman, Joan, “The Warp and the Woof of Parliamentary Politics in Spain, 1808-1939: Anticlericalism versus ‘NeoCatholicism’.” European Studies Review. 13, No. 2 (April 1983), pp. 145-176.

Lannon, Frances, Privilege, Persecution, and Prophecy : the Catholic Church in Spain, 1875-1975 . Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1987.

López Cordón, Mª Victoria, "La mentalidad conservadora durante la Restauracón", Miguel Artola, et. al (eds), La España de la Restauración : política, economía, legislación y cultura : edición al cuidado de José Luis García Delgado ; I Coloquio de Segovia sobre Historia Contemporánea de España, dirigido por Manuel Tuñón de Lara ; M. Artola ... [et al.]. (Madrid: Siglo XXI, 1985), pp. 71-110.

Salomón, Mª Pilar, "La iglesia y el vaticano, enemigos de la España liberal", in Xosé M. Núñez y Francisco Sevillano Calero (eds.), Los enemigos de España : imagen del otro, conflictos bélicos y disputas nacionales, siglos XVI-XX  (Madrid, Centro de Estudios Políticos y Sociales, 2010), pp. 183-206.

The Anticlercial Left

Connelly Ullman, Joan, “The Warp and the Woof of Parliamentary Politics in Spain, 1808-1939: Anticlericalism versus ‘NeoCatholicism’.” European Studies Review. 13, No. 2 (April 1983): 145-176.

Cueva Merino, Julio de la, ‘“La democracia frailófoba”. Democracia liberal y anticlericalismo’, en Manuel Suárez Cortina (ed.), La restauración, entre el liberalismo y la democracia , Madrid, 1997, pp. 229-71.

Heywood, Paul, “The Labor Movement in Spain before 1914.” In Labour and Socialist Movements in Europe before 1914 , ed. Richard Geary. Oxford: Berg, 1989.

La Parra López, Emilio and Manuel Suárez Cortina, El anticlericalismo español contemporáneo , Madrid: Biblioteca Nueva, 1998.

Lida, Clara E., Agrarian anarchism in Andalusia. Documents on the Mano Negra’, International Review of Social History , vol. 3 (1969), pp. 315-352

Pérez Ledesma, Manuel, "José Nakens (1841-1926); pasión anticlerical y activismo republicanos", in, Isabel Burdiel and Manuel Pérez Ledesma (eds) Liberales, agitadores y conspiradores : biografías heterodoxas del siglo XIX (Madrid: Espasa Calpe, 2000), pp. 301-30.

Sanabria, Enrique A, Republicanism and anticlerical nationalism in Spain . New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.

Smith, Angel, Anarchism, revolution and reaction : Catalan labour and the crisis of the Spanish State, 1898-1923 . Oxford: Berghahn, 2007, ch.6.

The Crisis of 1898 and the Fall of the Restoration Regime

Balfour, Sebastian, “Riot, Regeneration and Reaction: Spain in the Aftermath of the 1898 Disaster.” The Historical Journal. 38, no. 2 (June 1995), pp. 405-423.

Balfour, Sebastian, ‘The Loss of Empire: Regeneration and the Forging of the Myth of National Identity’, in Graham, Helen, and Jo Labanyi (eds.). Spanish Cultural Studies : An Introduction : the Struggle for Modernity . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995, pp. 25-31.

Blinkhorn, Martin, “Spain, the Spanish Problem and the Imperial Myth.” Journal of Contemporary History. 15, no. 1 (January 1980), pp. 5-25.

Harrison, Joseph, “Catalan Business and the Loss of Cuba, 1898-1914.” The Economic History Review , 2nd Series, 27, no. 3 (1974), pp. 431-441.

García Delgado, José Luis (ed), La crisis de la Restauración : España, entre la Primera Guerra Mundial y la Segunda República : II Coloquio de Segovia sobre Historia Contemporánea de España . Madrid: Siglo XXI, 1986.

Gonzalez Martín, Jesús, "'Neither God nor Monster': Antonio Maura and the Failure of Conservative Reformism in Restoration Spain", European history quarterly. , vol. 32, no. 2 (2002), pp. 307-334.

Harrison, Joseph, “The Regenerationist Movement in Spain after the Disaster of 1898.” European Studies Review. 9, no. 1 (January 1979), pp. 1-27.

Harrison, Joseph, and Alan Hoyle, Spain's 1898 Crisis : Regenerationism, Modernism, Post-Colonialism . Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2000. (Introduction and chapter by Harrison)

Moradiellos, Enrique, “1898: A Colonial Disaster Foretold”, ACIS. 6, no. 2, (1993), pp. 33-38.

Moreno-Luzón, Javier, Modernizing the nation : Spain during the reign of Alfonso XIII, 1902-1931 . Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2012.

Romero-Salvadó, Francisco, The foundations of civil war : revolution, social conflict and reaction in liberal Spain, 1916-1923 . London: Routledge, 2008.

Romero Salvadó, Francisco J. & Angel Smith (eds.), The Agony of Spanish Liberalism : From Revolution to Dictatorship 1913-23 , Basingstoke/New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 201.

Romero Salvadó, Francisco J. (2012). “Antonio Maura: From Messiah to ‘Firefighter’”, in A. Quiroga and M. Ángel Arco (eds), Right-wing Spain in the Civil War era : soldiers of God and apostles of the Fatherland, 1914-1945 . London: Continuum, 2012, pp. 1-22.

Serrano, Carlos, Final del imperio : España, 1895-1898 . Madrid: Siglo XXI, 1984. 

Smith, Angel, 'The Catalan Counter-revolutionary Coalition and the Primo de Rivera Coup, 1917-23, European history quarterly. , 37 (1), 2007, pp. 7-34.

Varela Ortega, José, “Aftermath of Splendid Disaster: Spanish Politics before and after the Spanish-American war of 1898.” Journal of Contemporary History. 15, No. 2 (April 1980), pp. 317-344.

Top of page

The Primo de Rivera Dictatorship (1923-1930)

Ben-Ami, Shlomo, Fascism from above : the Dictatorship of Primo de Rivera in Spain, 1923-1930 , Oxford/New York: Clarendon Press/Oxford University Press, 1983.

Carr, Raymond, ‘The dictatorship of Primo de Rivera and the Fall of the Monarchy, 1923-31’, in Raymond Carr, Spain 1808-1975 , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982, pp. 564-602.

Moreno-Luzón, Javier, Modernizing the nation : Spain during the reign of Alfonso XIII, 1902-1931 . Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2012.

Quiroga, Alejandro, Making Spaniards : Primo de Rivera and the Nationalization of the Masses, 1923-30 , Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007

Moreno-Luzón, Javier, Modernizing the nation : Spain during the reign of Alfonso XIII, 1902-1931 . (Brighton: Sussex Academic Press, 2012)

Tamames, Ramón & Xavier Casals, Miguel Primo de Rivera y Orbaneja , Barcelona: Ediciones B, 2004

Top of page

The Second Republic and Civil War(1931-1939)

Alpert, Michael, A New International History of the Spanish Civil War . London: Macmillan, 1994.

Blinkhorn, Martin, Democracy and civil war in Spain 1931-1939 . London: Routledge, 1988.

Blinkhorn, Martin (ed), Spain in conflict 1931-1939 : democracy and its enemies. London: Sage, 1986.

Blinkhorn, Martin, "Conservatism, Traditionalism and Fascism in Spain, 1898-1937, in Martin Blinkhorn (ed), Fascists and conservatives : the radical right and the establishment in twentieth-century Europe . London: Unwin Hyman, 1990.

Canal, Jordi, (ed.) Las guerras civiles en la España contemporánea , Revista Ayer , Número 55 (2004) (Free access to its content at https://web.archive.org/web/20100127043745/http://www.ahistcon.org/317.htm Please scroll down to find it.).

Carr, Raymond, The Spanish Tragedy : the Civil War in Perspective . Phoenix AZ: Phoenix, 2000.

Casanova, Julián , The Spanish Republic and Civil War , London: CUP, 2010.

Ealham, Chris, and Michael Richard, The splintering of Spain : cultural history and the Spanish Civil War, 1936-1939. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Esenwein, George, and Adrian Shubert, Spain at War : the Spanish Civil War in Context, 1931-1939 , London: Longman, 1995.

Graham, Helen, and Jo Labanyi (eds.), “The Failure of Democratic Modernisation, 1931-1939”, section 3 of Spanish Cultural Studies: An Introduction . Oxford: OUP, 1995.

Graham, Helen, The Spanish Republic at War, 1936-1939 , Cambridge: CUP, 2002.

Graham, Helen, "The Spanish Popular Front and the Civil War", in Helen Graham and Paul Preston (eds), The Popular front in Europe. Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1987, pp. 106-30.

Graham, Helen, The Spanish Civil War : a Very Short Introduction . Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Jackson, Gabriel, The Spanish Republic and Civil War . New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1965.

Jackson, Gabriel, "The  Azaña  Regime in  Perspective : (Spain, 1931-1933)", The American Historical Review , vol. LXIV, no. 2, January 1959, pp. 282-300.

Jackson, Gabriel, "The Spanish Popular Front, 1934-7", Journal of Contemporary History , vol. 5 no. 3, July 1970, pp. 21-35

Moradiellos, Enrique (ed.), "La Guerra Civil", Ayer , No. 50, 2003 (Free access to its content at: https://web.archive.org/web/20100127043745/http://www.ahistcon.org/317.htm . Please scroll down to find it).

Payne, Stanley, Spain's first Democracy : the Second Republic, 1931-1936 , Phoenix AZ: Phoenix, 2000

Lannon, Frances, Privilege, Persecution, and Prophecy : the Catholic Church in Spain, 1875-1975 , Clarendon: Oxford University Press, 1987

Preston, Paul, The Coming of the Spanish Civil War , 2nd ed (London: Methuen, 1983).

Preston, Paul, A Concise History of the Spanish Civil War , Fontana Press, Harper Collins: 1996.

Preston, Paul (ed.), Revolution and War in Spain 1931-1939 , York: Methuen, 1984

Preston, Paul, and Anne Mackenzie (eds), The Republic besieged : Civil War in Spain 1936-1939 (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1996).

Thomas, Hugh, The Spanish Civil War , London: Penguin 2003 (4th edition).

Manuel Tunón de Lara, Tres claves de la Segunda República : la cuestión agraria, los aparatos del estado, Frente Popular . Madrid: Alianza, 1985.

Top of page

The Franco Regime (1939-75)

General Works

Abella, Rafael, La vida cotidiana en España bajo el régimen de Franco , Barcelona: Argos Vergara, 1985

Alvarez Junco, José and Adrian Shubert (eds.), Spanish History since 1808 , London: Arnold, 2000

Balfour, Sebastian and Paul Preston (eds.), Spain and the Great Powers in the Twentieth Century , London: Routledge, 1999

Balfour, Sebastian, ‘Spain from 1931 to the Present’, in Raymond Carr (ed .), Spain : A History , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000

Ben-Ami, Shlomo, La revolución desde arriba : España 1936-1979 , Barcelona: Riopiedras, 1980

Carr, Raymond & Juan Pablo Fusi, Spain: Dictatorship to Democracy , 2nd ed., Oxford: OUP, 1982

Cazorla Sánchez, Antonio, Fear and Progress : Ordinary Lives in Franco's Spain, 1939-1975 , Chichester/Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010

Fontana, Josep (ed.), España bajo el franquismo , Barcelona: Crítica, 2000

Fusi, Juan Pablo, Franco , Madrid: Taurus, 1996

García Delgado, J.L. (ed.), Franquismo. El juicio de la historia , Madrid: Temas de Hoy, 2005

Graham, Helen, War and its Shadow : Spain's Civil War in Europe's Long Twentieth Century , Brighton: Sussex Academic, 2012

Graham, Helen & Jo Labanyi (eds.), Spanish Cultural Studies : An Introduction , Parts III and IV, Oxford: OUP, 1995

Grugel, Jean & Tim Rees, Franco's Spain , London: Arnold, 1997

Hooper, John , The New Spaniards , Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1995

Moradiellos, Enrique, La España de Franco (1939-1975) : política y sociedad , Madrid: Síntesis, 2000

Payne, Stanley, The Franco Regime , Madison/London: Wisconsin UP, 1987

Preston, Paul (ed), Spain in Crisis : The Evolution and Decline of the Franco régime , Brighton: Harvester, 1976

Preston, Paul, The Politics of Revenge. Fascism and the Military in Twentieth Century Spain , London: Routledge, 1990

Preston, Paul, Franco: A Biography , London: Harper Collins, 1993

Preston, Paul, The Spanish Holocaust : Inquisition and Extermination in Twentieth-Century Spain , New York/London: W.W. Norton & Co., 2012

Reig Tapia, Alberto, Memoria de la Guerra Civil : los mitos de la tribu , Madrid: Alianza, 1999

Romero, Francisco J., Twentieth Century Spain : Politics and Society in Spain 1898-1998 , Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1999, ch.6.

Tusell, Javier, La dictadura de Franco , Madrid: Alianza Editorial, 1988. 

Tusell, Javier, La España de Franco : el poder, la oposición y la política exterior durante el franquismo , Madrid: Historia 16, 1989

Tusell, Javier & Genoveva García Queipo de Llano, Carrero : la eminencia gris del régimen de Franco , Madrid: Temas de Hoy, 1993

Tusell, Javier, el al, El régimen de Franco (1936-1975) : política y relaciones exteriores , 2 vols. Madrid: Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, 1993.

Franco’s Spain, the European Right and European Fascism

Blinkhorn, Martin, Fascism and the Right in Europe, 1919-1945 , Harlow: Longman, 2000.

Blinkhorn, Martin (ed.), Fascists and Conservatives : the Radical Right and the Establishment in Twentieth-Century Europe , London: Unwin Hyman, 1990

Payne, Stanley, A History of Fascism, 1914-1945 , Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1995

Payne, Stanley, Fascism in Spain, 1923-1977 , Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1999

Linz, Juan José, ‘An Authoritarian Regime: Spain’, in E. Allardt & Y. Littunen (eds.), Cleavages, Ideologies, and Party Systems : Contributions to Comparative Political Sociology , Helsinki: Transactions of the Westermaark Society, 1964

Bibliographies and Works on General Franco

Ellwood, Sheelagh M., Franco , Harlow: Longman, 2000

Preston, Paul,  Franco , London: HarperCollins, 1993

Moradiellos, Enrique, Francisco Franco : crónica de un caudillo casi olvidado , Madrid: Biblioteca Nueva, 2002

Fusi, Juan Pablo, Franco , Madrid: Taurus, 1996

Preston, Paul, "Franco the Patient Dictator’ and ‘Franco and the Second World War", in History today , November 1985

Preston, Paul, "El discreto encanto del General Franco", ACIS. , 4, 1, Spring, 1989.

The ‘Families’ of the Franco Regime

The military

Preston, Paul, "Decay, Division, and the Defence of Dictatorship: The Military and Politics, 1939-1975", in Frances Lannon and Paul Preston (eds), Élites and power in twentieth-century Spain : essays in honour of Sir Raymond Carr .

Bañón Martínez, Rafael & Thomas M. Barker, Armed Forces and Society in Spain Past and Present , Columbia University Press: New York, 1988

Busquets, Julio, El militar de carrera en España , Barcelona: Ariel, 1984

The Church

Callahan, William J., The Catholic Church in Spain, 1875-1998 : Washington DC: Catholic University of America Press, 2000

Lannon, Francis, Privilege, Persecution, and Prophecy : the Catholic Church in Spain, 1875-1975 , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1987

Brassloff, Audrey, Religion and Politics in Spain : the Spanish Church in Transition, 1962-96. , Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1998

Casanova, Julián, La iglesia de Franco , Madrid: Temas de Hoy, 2001

Cooper, Norman, "The Church: From Crusade to Christianity", in Paul Preston (ed), Spain in Crisis : the Evolution and Decline of the Franco Régime .

Gómez Pérez, R., El franquismo y la Iglesia , Madrid: Ediciones Rialp, 1986

The Falange

Balfour, Sebastian, "From Warriers to Functionaries: The Falangist Syndicalist Elite, 1939–1976", in Preston, Paul, and Frances Lannon (eds.), Élites and Power in Twentieth-Century Spain , Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989

Ellwood, Sheelagh, Spanish Fascism in the Franco Era: Falange Espanola de las JONS , Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1987

Ellwood, Sheelagh, "Falange Española and the Creation of the New State", European History Quarterly , 20, no. 2, April 1990, pp. 209-225

Linz, Juan José, "From Falange to Movimiento Organización", in S. Huntington & C. Moore (eds.), Authoritarian Politics in Modern society : the Dynamics of Established One-Party Systems , New York: Basic Books, 1970

Preston, Paul, "Populism and Parasitism: The Falange and the Spanish Establishment, 1939–1975", in Martin Blinkhorn (ed.), Fascists and Conservatives : The Radical Right and the Establishment in Twentieth-Century Europe , London: Unwin Hyman, 1990

The Francoist Economy

Anderson, Charles W., The Political Economy of Modern Spain : Policy-Making in an Authoritarian System , Madison/London: University of Wisconsin Press, 1970

Harrison, Joseph, An Economic History of Modern Spain , Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1978

Harrison, Joseph, The Spanish Economy from the Civil War to the European Community , London: Macmillan, 1993

Fontana, J. and J Nadal, "Spain, 1914-1970", in the Fontana Economic History of Europe Contemporary economies , 2.

Lieberman, S., The Contemporary Spanish Economy : a Historical Perspective , London: Allen & Unwin, 1982

Tortella Casares, Gabriel, The Development of Modern Spain : An Economic History of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries , Cambridge, Mass./London: Harvard University Press, 2000.

Gender, Women and Sexuality in Francoist Spain

Alcalde, Carmen, Mujeres en el Franquismo : exiliadas, nacionalistas y opositoras , Barcelona: Flor del Viento, 1996

Alonso Tejada, Luis, La represión sexual en la España de Franco , Barcelona: L. de Caralt, 1977

Arnalte, Arturo, Redada de violetas : la represión de los homosexuales durante el franquismo , Madrid: Esfera de los Libros, 2003

Beadman, Clive, ‘“Cimentada en el sillar firmísimo de la familia cristiana” and “Viudas de medio pelo”: Illicit prostitution in 1940s Spain’, International journal of Iberian studies , 13(3), 2000, pp. 157-166

Brooksbank Jones, Anny, "Work, Women, and the Family: A Critical Perspective", in Helen Graham & Jo Labanyi (eds.), Spanish Cultural Studies , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995, pp. 386-393

Brooksbank Jones, Anny, Women in Contemporary Spain , Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1997

Bunk, Brian D., Ghosts of passion : martyrdom, gender, and the origins of the Spanish Civil War , Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2007

González Duro, Enrique, Las rapadas : El franquismo contra la mujer , Madrid: Siglo XXI, 2012

Graham, Helen, "Women and Social Change", in Helen Graham & Jo Labanyi (eds.), Spanish Cultural Studies : an Introduction : , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995, pp. 99-116

Guereña, Jean-Louis, La prostitución en la España contemporánea , Madrid: Marcial Pons, 2003

Martín Gaite, Carmen, Usos amorosos de la postguerra española , Barcelona: Anagrama, 1987

Montero, Rosa, "The Silent Revolution: The Social and Cultural Advances of Women in Democratic Spain", in Helen Graham & Jo Labanyi (eds.), Spanish Cultural Studies , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995, pp. 381-385

Morcillo, Aurora G., True Catholic Womanhood : Gender Ideology in Franco's Spain , DeKalb, Illinois: Northern Illinois University Press, 1999

Nash, Mary, "Pronatalism and motherhood in Franco's Spain", in Gisela Bock & Pat Thane (eds.), Maternity and Gender policies : Women and the Rise of the European Welfare States, 1880s-1950s , London: Routledge, 1991

Nash, Mary, "Towards a new moral order: National Catholicism, culture and gender", in J. Alvarez Junco & A. Shubert (eds.), Spanish History since 1808 , London: Arnold, 2000, pp. 289-300

Núñez Díaz-Balart, Mirta, Mujeres caídas : prostitutas legales y clandestinas en el franquismo , Madrid: Oberón, 2003

Olmeda, Fernando, El látigo y la pluma : homosexuales en la España de Franco , Madrid: Oyeron, 2004

Pavlovic, Tatiana, "The despotic body: Raza, espíritu de Franco (1939-1952)", in Despotic bodies and transgressive bodies : Spanish culture from Francisco Franco to Jesús Franco , Albany: State University of New York Press, 2003

Regueillet, A-G., "Norma sexual y comportamientos cotidianos en los diez primeros años del Franquismo: noviazgo y sexualidad", Hispania , 218, 2004, pp. 1027-1042

Threlfall, Monica, "The women's movement in Spain", New left review , 151, May-June, 1985

Scanlon, Geraldine M., La polémica feminista en la España contemporánea : (1868-1974) , Madrid: Siglo XXI, 1976

Vázquez García, Francisco & Andrés Moreno Mengíbar, Sexo y razón : una genealogía de la moral sexual en España (siglos XVI-XX) , Madrid: Ediciones Akal, 1997

Vincent, Mary, "The Martyrs and the Saints: Masculinity and the Construction of the Francoist Crusade", History Workshop Journal , 47, 1999, pp. 69-98

Vincent, Mary, "Camisas Nuevas : Style and Uniformity in the Falange Española 1933-43", in W. Parkins (ed.), Fashioning the Body Politic : Dress, Gender, Citizenship , Oxford/New York: Berg, 2002, pp. 167-251

Vinyes, Ricardo, "Las desapariciones infantiles durante el franquismo y sus consecuencias", International journal of Iberian studies , 19 (1), 2006, pp. 53-71

The Leftist Opposition to Francoism

General Works

Linz, Juan José, "Opposition in and under an Authoritarian Regime: The Case of Spain", in R. A. Dahl (ed.), Regimes and oppositions . New Haven: Yale University Press, 1974

Preston, Paul, "The Anti-Francoist Opposition: The Long March to Unity", in Paul Preston (ed) , Spain in crisis : the evolution and decline of the Franco régime .

Tusell, Javier, La oposición democrática al franquismo, 1939-1962 , Barcelona: Planeta, 1977

Tusell, Javier (ed, La oposición al régimen de Franco : estado de la cuestión y metodología de la investigación : actas del congreso internacional que, organizado por el Departamento de Historia Contemporánea de la UNED, tuvo lugar en Madrid, del 19 al 22 de octubre de 1988 . Madrid: UNED, 1990.

The Guerrilla movement

Cowan, Andrew, "The Guerilla War against Franco", European History Quarterly , 20, no. 2, April 1990, pp. 227-253

The working class

Amsden, J., Collective Bargaining and Class Conflict in Spain , London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1972

Balfour, Sebastian, Dictatorship, Workers, and the City : Labour in Greater Barcelona since 1939 , Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989

Fishman, Robert M., "The Labour Movement in Spain: From Authoritarianism to Democracy", Comparative politics , 14, no. 3, April 1982, pp. 281-305

Fishman, Robert M., Working-Class Organization and the Return to Democracy in Spain , Ithaca: Cornill University Press, 1990

Foweraker, Joseph, Making Democracy in Spain : Grass-Roots Struggle in the South, 1955-1975 , Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Maravall, Jose Maria, Dictatorship and Political dissent : Workers and Students in Franco's Spain . London: Tavistock, 1978.

Martínez Lucio, Miguel, "Trade Unions and Communism in Spain: The Role of CC.OO. in the Political Project of the Left", The Journal of Communist Studies , 6, December 1990, pp. 80-99

Smith, Angel, "Spain", in Berger, Stefan & Broughton, David (eds)., The Force of Labour : the Western European Labour Movement and the Working Class in the Twentieth Century , Oxford: Berg, 1995

The Socialists

Gillespie, Richard, The Spanish Socialist Party : a history of factionalism , Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989

Heywood, Paul, "Mirror-Images: The PCE and PSOE in the Transition to Democracy in Spain", West European politics , 10, no. 2, April 1987, pp. 193-210

Maravall, José María, "Spain: Eurocommunism and Socialism", Political studies , 27, no. 2, 1979, pp. 218-235

Preston, Paul, "The Decline and Resurgence of the Spanish Socialist Party during the Franco Regime", European history quarterly , 13, 2, April 1988, pp. 207-224

The Communists

Claudín, Fernando, The Communist movement : from Cominterm to Cominform , Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1975

Hermet, Guy, The Communists in Spain : study of an underground political movement , Farnborough: Saxon House, 1974

Heywood, Paul, "Mirror-Images: The PCE and PSOE in the Transition to Democracy in Spain", West European politics , 10, no. 2, April 1987, pp. 193-210

Maravall, José María, "Spain, Eurocommunism and Socialism", Political studies , 27, no. 2, 1979, pp. 218-235

Morán, Gregorio, Miseria y grandeza del Partido comunista de España 1939-1985 , Barcelona: Planeta, 1986

Mujal-León, Eusebio, Communism and political change in Spain , Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1983

Preston, Paul, "The PCE’s Long-Road to Democracy, 1954–1977", in R. Kindersley (ed.), In search of Eurocommunism , London: Macmillan, 1981

Preston, Paul, "The PCE and the Struggle for Democracy in Spain", in H. Machin (ed.), National communism in Western Europe : a third way to socialism? , London: Methuen, 1983

Semprún, Jorge, Communism in Spain in the Franco era : the autobiography of Federico Sanchez , Brighton: Harvester Press, 1980

The universities and student protest

Giner, Salvador, "Spain", in M. S. Archer (ed.), Students, university and society : a comparative sociological review , London: Heineman, 1972

Giner, Salvador, ‘Power, freedom and social change in the Spanish university, 1939-1975’, in Paul Preston, (ed.), Spain in crisis : the evolution and decline of the Franco régime .

Maravall, Jose Maria, Dictatorship and political dissent : workers and students in Franco's Spain . London: Tavistock, 1978. 

Basque and Catalan Nationalism

Watson, Cameron, Basque nationalism and political violence : the ideological and intellectual origins of ETA (Reno: University of Nevada Press, 2007).

Clark, Robert P., The Basques : the Franco years and beyond (Reno, 1979).

Clark, Robert P., The Basque insurgents : ETA, 1952-1980 (Madison, 1984).

Clark, Robert P, Negotiating with ETA : obstacles to peace in the Basque country, 1975-1988 (Reno, 1990).

Collins, Roger, The Basques (Oxford, 1986).

Dowling, Andrew, "The reconstitution of political Catalanism, 1939-1975", in International journal of Iberian studies. , vol. 14, no. 1 (2001), pp. 17-25. (HDC)

Dowling, Andrew, Catalonia since the Spanish Civil War : reconstructing the nation . (Brighton, 2013).

Elorza, Antonio (ed), La Historia de ETA (Madrid, 2000).

Gibernau i Berdun, Maria Montserra, Catalan nationalism : Francoism, transition, and democracy (London, 2004), chs 2 and 3.

Johnson, H, Tales of nationalism : Catalonia, 1939-1979 , 1939-1979 (Newark, NJ, 1991).

Jones, Norman L., "The Catalan question since the Civil War", in Paul Preston (ed), Spain in crisis : the evolution and decline of the Franco régime (Brighton, 1976).

Sullivan, John, ETA and Basque nationalism : the flight from Euskadi, 1890-1986 (London, 1988).

Zirakzadeh, Cyrus Ernesto, A rebellious people : Basques, protests, and politics . (Reno, 1991).

Post Civil War Spain, 1939-58

Abella, Rafael, Por el imperio hacia Dios : crónica de una posguerra (1939-1955) , Barcelona: Planeta, 1978

Alted, Alicia, La voz de los vencidos : el exilio republicano de 1939 , Madrid: Aguilar, 2005

Anderson, Peter, The Francoist military trials : terror and complicity, 1939-1945 , New York: Routledge, 2010

Cazorla Sánchez, Antonio, Fear and progress : ordinary lives in Franco's Spain, 1939-1975 , Chichester/Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010

González Duro, Enrique, El miedo en la posguerra : Franco y la España derrotada : la política del exterminio , Madrid: Oberón, 2003

Molinero, C., M. Sala & J. Sobrequés (eds.), Una inmensa prisión : los campos de concentración y las prisiones durante la guerra civil y el franquismo , Barcelona: Crítica, 2003

Preston, Paul, "Franco and Hitler: The Myth of Hendaye 1940", Contemporary European history , 1, no. 1, March 1992, pp. 1-16.

"El primer franquismo", Ayer , no.33 (1999).

Richards, Michael, "Constructing the Nationalist State: Self-Sufficiency and Regeneration in the Early Franco Years", in Clare Mar-Molinero & Angel Smith (eds.), Nationalism and the nation in the Iberian Peninsula : competing and conflicting identities , Oxford: Berg, 1996

Richards, Michael, A time of silence : civil war and the culture of repression in Franco's Spain, 1936-1945 , Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998

Richards, Michael, ‘“Terror and Progress”: Industrialization, Modernity and the Making of Francoism’, in Helen Graham and Jo Labanyi (eds) Spanish cultural studies : an introduction : the struggle for modernity

Rodrigo, Javier, Cautivos : campos de concentración en la España franquista 1936-1947 , Barcelona: Editorial Crítica, 2005

Smyth, Denis, "Franco and World War Two", History today , 35, November 1985, pp. 10-15

Tuñón de Lara, Manuel (ed.), El primer franquismo : España durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial , 5th Coloquio de Segovia sobre Historia Contemporánea de España. 1987

Wingeate Pike, David, "Franco and the Axis Stigma", Journal of contemporary history , 17, no. 3, July 1982, pp. 369-407

The Franco Regime, 1959-1969

Balfour, Sebastian, "The desarrollo years, 1955-1975", in Alvarez Junco, José & Adrian Shubert (eds.), Spanish history since 1808 , London: Arnold, 2000, pp. 277-288

Riquer, Borja de, "Social and Political Change in a Climate of Immobilism", in Helen Graham and Jo Labanyi (eds), Spanish Cultural Studies .

The Crisis of the Franco Regime. 1970-75

Amodia, José, Franco's political legacy : from dictatorship to façade democracy , London: Allen, 1977

Carr, Raymond, and Juan Pablo Fusi, Spain: Dictatorship to Democracy , Oxford: Oxford University Press, 198.

Mateos, Abdon & Alvaro Soto, El final del franquismo, 1959-1975 : la transformación de la sociedad española , Madrid: Historia 16, 199.

Powell, Charles T., "The 'Tácito' Group and the Transition to Demcracy, 1973-1977", in Frances Lannon & Paul Preston (eds.), Élites and power in twentieth-century Spain : essays in honour of Sir Raymond Carr , Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1990, pp. 249-268

Powell, Charles T., Juan Carlos of Spain : Self-Made Monarch , Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1995

Preston, Paul, The Triumph of Democracy in Spain , London: Methuen, 1986

Townson, Nigel, Spain Transformed : the Late Franco dictatorship, 1959-75 , Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007

This list was last updated on 20/09/2016