Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue
- Week 1. Introduction: Choice and Constraint in Gender and Work
- Week 2: Social Theories of Gender Relations
- Week 3: Race and Ethnicity
- Week 4. Mainstreaming Gender Equality in the EU
- Week 5. Comparative Perspectives: Welfare regimes and employment systems
- Week 6. Organisational Culture
- Week 7. Gender and Management
- Week 8. Occupational Gender Segregation
- Week 9. Gender Inequalities in Pay
- Week 10. Race, ethnicity and migration in Europe
Week 1. Introduction: Choice and Constraint in Gender and Work
Hakim, C. (2000) Work-lifestyle choices in the 21st Century : preference theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Introduction.
McRae, S. (2003) ‘Constraints and choices in mothers’ employment careers: a consideration of Hakim’s Preference Theory.’ The British journal of sociology., 54 (3), 317-338.
Crompton, R. (2006) ‘Understanding change in employment, family and gender relations’. In Employment and the family : the reconfiguration of work and family life in contemporary societies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Evetts, J. (2000) ‘Analysing change in women’s careers: culture, structure and action dimension’ Gender, work and organization., 7, 1, 57-67.
Gerstal N and Clawson D (2014) Class Advantage and the Gender Divide: Flexibility on the Job and at Home. American Journal of Sociology., 120 (2): 395-431.
Hakim, C. (2004) Key issues in women's work : female diversity and the polarisation of women's employment. London: Glasshouse Press. 2nd ed., ch. 1.
Procter, I. & Padfield, M. (1999) 'Work orientations and women's work: A critique of Hakim's theory of the heterogeneity of women.' Gender, work and organization.. 6 (3) 152-162.
Tomlinson, J. (2006) ‘Women’s work-life balance trajectories through part-time work across the life-course. British Journal of Guidance and Counselling.. 34, 365-82.
Miklya, E. and Cornwall, M. (2010) ‘Working class job loss, gender and the negotiation of household labor.’ Gender & society., 24, 4, 447-474.
Becker, G. (1985) ‘Human capital, effort and the sexual division of labour’ Journal of labor economics., 3, 1, January supplement: S33-58
Hochschild, A. (1997). The time bind : when work becomes home and home becomes work . Henry Holt and Company.
Walters, S. (2005) ‘Making the best of a bad job? Female part-timers’ orientations and attitudes to work’, Gender, work and organization., 12, 3, 193-216
Week 2: Social Theories of Gender Relations
Connell, R. (2002) Gender. Cambridge: Polity Press (Introduction and Chapter 6)
Woodhams, C., Lupton, B. and Cowling (2015) The snowballing penalty effect: multiple disadvantage and pay. British journal of management. ISSN: 1045-3172, Vol. 26, 63–77
Acker, J. (2006) ‘Inequality Regimes: Gender, Class and Race in Organizations’ Gender & society., 20 (4): 441-64
Connell, R. and Messerschmidt (2005) ‘Hegemonic Masculinity: Rethinking the concept’ InGender and Society,19, 6, 829-859
Hancock, A.N. (2012) '‘It's a macho thing, innit? ’ Exploring the effects of masculinity on career choice and development', Gender, work and organization., 19, 4 392–415.
Healy, G., Kirton, G. and Noon, M. (2010)Equality, inequalities and diversity : contemporary challenges and strategies. Basingstoke: PalgraveMacmillan. Chapter 1 pages 1-17
Nussbaum, M. C. and Glover, J. (1995) Women, Culture and Development; A Study of Human Capabilities. Oxford: Oxford University Press (also available as an electronic resource) (especially chapters in Part III and Part IV)
Walby, Sylvia, (2004) ‘The European Union and gender equality: emergent varieties of gender regime.’ Social politics., 11, 1, 4-29
Acker, J. (1990) ‘Hierarchies, Jobs, Bodies: A Theory of Gendered Organizations’. Gender and Society, 4 (2): 139-58
Sen, A. (1992) Inequality Reexamined. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press (also available as an electronic resource).
Pollert, A. (1996) 'Gender and class revisited: or, the poverty of 'patriarchy'', Sociology. 30(4): 639-659.
Tomlinson, J. et al (2018) Privilege and penality in the legal profession: An intersectional analysis of career progression. The British journal of sociology. ISSN: 0007-1315, (early view)
Week 3: Race and Ethnicity
Pilkington, A. (2003) Racial disadvantage and ethnic diversity in Britain. 'Institutional racism and the underclass thesis: minority ethnic groups in the labour market'. (ch. 3). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. Pp. 51-91. For further reading see Chapter 4 93-121
Bradley, H. and Healy, G. (2008) Ethnicity and gender at work : inequalities, careers and employment relations London: Palgrave Macmillan.
Shah, P. (2011) 'Ethnic and religious diversity in Britain. Where are we going? ', in G. Healy, G. Kirton and M. Noon (eds) Equality, inequalities and diversity : contemporary challenges and strategies. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan: 77-92.
Berthoud, R. (2000) ‘Ethnic employment penalties in Britain’ Journal of ethnic and migration studies., 26, 3: 389-416.
Clark, K. and Drinkwater, S. (2007) Ethnic minorities in the labour market : dynamics and diversity York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation. A Summary of this Report is available in JRF Findings at https://www.jrf.org.uk/report/ethnic-minorities-labour-market-dynamics-and-diversity
Kirton, G. (2009) Career Plans and Aspirations of Recent Black and Minority Ethnic Business Graduates'. Work, employment and society., 23(1): 12-29
Cheung, S. Y. and Heath, A. (2007) ‘Nice work if you can get it: Ethnic penalties in Great Britain’, in Heath, A., Cheung, S. Y. with Smith, S. N. (eds) Unequal chances : ethnic minorities in Western labour markets. Proceedings of the British Academy., 137. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.507-50
Oikelome, F. (2011) ‘Relevance of US and UK national histories in the understanding of racism and inequality in work and career’ in Healy, G. Kirton and M. Noon (eds)Equality, inequalities and diversity : contemporary challenges and strategies. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan: 195-211.
Parekh, B. (2000) The future of multi-ethnic Britain (London: Profile), ch. 14, ‘Employment’, pp. 192-204.
Race for Opportunity. (2010) 'Race to the Future. The challenges and opportunities for ethnic minorities in the UK workforce n 2025'. London: Business in the Community. Available online here: http://raceforopportunity.bitc.org.uk/research-insight/research-articles/race-future
Virdee, S. (2014) Racism, class and the racialized outsider ISBN: 9780230551640 (paperback) : £24.99; 9780230551633 (hardback) : £65.00 Satnam Virdee. Palgrave Macmillan. Chapter 2. (OCR requested core)
Week 4. Mainstreaming Gender Equality in the EU
Smith, M. and Villa, P. (2010) The ever declining role of gender equality in the European Employment Strategy.’ Industrial relations journal., 41, 6, 526-543.
Fagan, C., & Rubery, J. (2018). Advancing Gender Equality through European Employment Policy: The Impact of the UK's EU Membership and the Risks of Brexit. Social policy and society : a journal of the Social Policy Association. ISSN: 1474-7464; 1475-3073, 17(2), 297-317. doi:10.1017/S1474746417000458
Gerhards, J. Schafer, M and Kampfer, S. (2009) Gender equality in the European Union: The EU Script and its support by European Citizens. Sociology., 43, 515-537.
Rubery, J. et al. (2004) ‘Ups and downs of European gender equality policy.’ Industrial relations journal., 35, 6, 603-628.
Duncan, Simon, (2002) 'Policy discourses on 'reconciling work and life' in the EU.' Social policy and society., 1, 4, 305-314.
Stratigaki, Maria, (2004) ‘The Cooptation of Gender concepts in EU Policies: the case of ‘reconciliation of work and family’. Social politics., 11, 1, 30-56.
Walby, S. (1999) 'The new regulatory state: the social power of the European Union.' The British journal of sociology., 50, 1, 118-140.
Rubery, J (2002) ‘Gender mainstreaming and gender equality in the EU: the impact of the EU employment strategy.’ Industrial relations journal., 33, 5, 500-522.
Tomlinson, J. (2011) Gender Equality and the State: A review of recent EU developments Special Issue: Bringing the State Back in? The State and Human Resource Management, International journal of human resource management..22 (18): 3755-3774.
Duncan, S. (1996) 'Obstacles to a successful Equal Opportunities policy in the European Union.' The European journal of women's studies., 3, 399-422.
Rossilli, M. (1997) 'The European Community’s policy on the equality of women.' The European Journal of Women’s Studies, 4, 63-82.
Week 5. Comparative Perspectives: Welfare regimes and employment systems
Lewis, S. and Smithson, J. (2001) ‘Sense of entitlement to support for the reconciliation of employment and family life’. Human relations., 54, 11, 1455-81
Tomlinson, J. (2011) Gender Equality and the State: A review of recent EU developments Special Issue: Bringing the State Back in? The State and Human Resource Management, International journal of human resource management. 22 (18): 3755-3774.
Plantenga, J. and Remery, C. (2005) Reconciliation of work and private life : a comparative review of thirty European countries.’ European Commission (particularly the chapter on Childcare)
Plantenga, J. and Remery, C. (2009) The provision of childcare services : a comparative review of 30 European countries.’ European Commission.
Lewis, J. (2001) ‘The decline of the male breadwinner model: implications for work and care’ Social politics., Summer, 152-169.
Hass, L. and Hwang, C. (2008) The impact of taking parental leave on fathers’ participation and relationship with children: some lessons from Sweden’ Community, Work & Family, 11, 1, 85-105.
Esping-Andersen, G. (2000) ‘Interview on Postindustrialism and the future of the Welfare State’ Work, employment and society., 14, 4, 757-769.
Soskice, D. (2005) ‘Varieties of capitalism and cross national gender differences’ Social politics., 12, 2, 170-179.
Tomlinson, J. (2007) ‘Employment Regulation, Welfare and Gender Regimes: a comparative analysis of women’s working-time patterns and work-life balance in the UK and the US’, International journal of human resource management., 18, 3, 401-416.
Estevez-Abe, M. (2005) ‘Gender bias in skills and social policies: the Varieties of Capitalism perspective on sex segregation.’ Social politics., Summer, 180-215.
Esping-Andersen, G. (1990) The three worlds of welfare capitalism. Oxford: Polity Press.
Week 6. Organisational Culture
Holt, H. and Lewis, S. (2011) ‘”You Can Stand on Your Head and Still End Up with Lower Pay”: Gliding Segregation and Gendered Work Practices in Danish ‘Family-friendly’ Workplaces’. Gender, work and organization., 18. S1: e202-e221
Kelly, E. L., Ammons, S. K., Chermack, K. and Moen, P. (2010) ‘Gendered challenge, gendered response: confronting the ideal worker norm in a white-collar organization’. Gender & society., 24, 3: 281-303.
Lewis, S. (1997) ‘Family friendly employment policies: a route to changing organizational culture or playing about at the margins. Gender, Work and Organization, 4, 1, 13-23.
Liff, S. and Ward, K. (2000) ‘Distorted Views Through the Glass Ceiling: The Construction of Women’s Understandings of Promotion and Senior Management’, Gender, Work and Organization, 18, 1: 19-36.
Pemberton, C. (1995) ‘Organizational Culture and Equalities Work’, in Shaw, J. and Perrons, D. (eds) Making Gender Work (Buckingham: Open University Press), pp. 108 –123.
Schein, E. H. (2004) Organizational Culture and Leadership. (Third ed.) San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Part One.
Cashmore, E. (2001) ‘The experiences of ethnic minority police officers in Britain: under-recruitment and racial profiling in a performance culture’, Ethnic and racial studies., Vol. 24, No. 4, pp. 642-59
Holdaway, S. and O’Neill, M. (2007) ‘Where has all the racism gone? Views of racism in constabularies after Macpherson’. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 30, 3: 397-415.
Week 7. Gender and Management
Vinnicombe et al (2018) The female FTSE board report 2018. Cranfield School of management (especially exec summary) Available at: http://business-school.exeter.ac.uk/media/universityofexeter/businessschool/documents/research/Female_FTSE_Report_2018.pdf
Durbin, S. and Tomlinson, J. (2014) Female Part-Time Managers: Careers, Mentors and Role Models, Gender, work and organization.. 21 (4): 308-320.
Evetts, J. (2000) ‘Analysing change in women’s careers: culture, structure and action dimension’ Gender, Work and Organization, 7, 1, 57-67.
Sealy, R. and Vinnicombe, S. (2013)The Female FTSE Board Report 2013: False Dawn of Progress For Women On Boards? Cranfield University School of Management Available at
Stone, P. and Lovejoy, M. (2004) ‘Fast track women and the ‘choice’ to stay home.’ In Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science., 62-83.
Walsh, J. (2012) ‘Not Worth the Sacrifice? Women’s Aspirations and Career Progression in Law Firms’.Gender, work and organization., 19(5), 508–53.
Wajcman, J. and Martin, B. (2002) “Narratives of identity in modern management: the corrosion of gender difference? ” Sociology., 36, 985-1002
Wirth, L. (2004) Breaking the Glass Ceiling: Women in Management (An update) at https://www.ilo.org/public/libdoc/ilo/2001/101B09_102_engl.pdf
Wang, Annie and Crewe, Louise (2018) Gender inequalities in the City of London advertising industry. Environment and planning. A, Environment and planning. ISSN: 0308-518x 50, 3
Cooper Jackson, J. (2001), ‘Women middle managers’ perception of a glass ceiling’. Women in management review., 16, 1, 30-41.
Davies-Netzley, S. (1998) 'Women above the glass ceiling.' Gender & society., 12, 3, 339-355
Polachek, S. W. (1981) 'Occupational self-selection: a human capital approach to sex differences in occupational structure' The review of economics and statistics., 63, 1, 60-69
Week 8. Occupational Gender Segregation
Blackburn, R. Browne, J. Brooks, B. and Jarman, J. (2002) ‘Explaining gender segregation’ The British journal of sociology., 53, 4, 513-536.
Rubery, J. and Rafferty, A. (2013) ‘Women and recession revisited’, Work, employment and society., 27(3) 414–432
Barbalescu, R. and Bidwell, M. (2013) ‘Do Women Choose Different Jobs from Men? Mechanisms of Application Segregation in the Market for Managerial Workers’, Organization science., Vol. 24 ( 3) 737-756
Blackwell, L. (2001) ’Occupational sex segregation and part-time work in modern Britain’ Gender, work and organization., 8, 2, 146-163.
Crompton, R. & Lyonette, C., (2011) Women’s Career Success and Work-life Adaptations in the Accountancy and Medical Professions in Britain, Gender, Work & Organization, 18(2), 231–254
Grugulis, I. and Stoyanova, D. (2012) ‘Social Capital and Networks in Film and TV: Jobs for the Boys? ’ Organization Studies., 33(10) 1311–1331
Herman, C., Lewis, S. & Humbert, A.L., (2013).’Women Scientists and Engineers in European Companies: Putting Motherhood under the Microscope,’ Gender, Work & Organization, 20(5), 467–478.
Miller, L., Neathey, F., Pollard, E. and Hill, D. (2004) Occupational segregation, gender gaps and skill gaps. Working Paper 15 (Manchester: EOC). Google title for access to PDF.
England, P. (2005) “Gender inequality in labour markets: the role of motherhood and segregation” Social politics., Summer, 264-288.
Miller, G. E. (2004) ‘Frontier Masculinity in the Oil Industry: The Experience of Women Engineers’, Gender, Work and Organization, 11 (1), pp. 47-73
Ness, K. (2012) ‘Constructing Masculinity in the Building Trades: Most Jobs in the Construction Industry Can Be Done by Women’ Gender, Work & Organization, 19(6) 654–676.
Tomlinson, J., Olsen, W. and Purdam, K. (2009) Women Returners and Potential Returners: Employment Profiles and Labour Market Opportunities – A Case Study of the UK European sociological review., 25, 3, 349-363.
Simpson R. (2004) ‘Masculinity at work: the experiences of men in female dominated occupations’, Work, employment and society., 18, 2, 349-68.
Week 9. Gender Inequalities in Pay
Grimshaw, D. and Rubery, J. (2007) Undervaluing Women’s Work (Manchester: Equal Opportunities Commission) Chapter 4 of the Report, ‘Undervaluation at the workplace’, pp.47-73 at http://www.njl.nu/uploads/Paper_2007_Jill_Rubery.pdf
Chang, C. and England, P. (2011) ‘Gender inequality in earnings in industrialized East Asia’. Social science research., 40, 1: 1–14
Grimshaw, D. and Rubery, J. (2007) Undervaluing Women’s Work (Manchester: Equal Opportunities Commission) Chapter 3 ‘Recent empirical evidence for individuals and groups’, pp. 29-46 at http://www.njl.nu/uploads/Paper_2007_Jill_Rubery.pdf
IPPR (2017) ’The State of Pay' https://www.ippr.org/files/2018-05/state-of-pay-may18.pdf
Joshi, H., Makepeace, G. and Dolton, P. (2007) ‘More or Less Unequal? Evidence on the Pay of Men and Women from the British Birth Cohort Studies, Gender, work and organization., 14, 1: 37-55.
Triventi, M. (2013) The gender wage gap and its institutional context: a comparative analysis of European graduates Work, employment and society. 27(4) 563–580
Walby, S. and Olsen, W. (2004) Modelling gender pay gaps, Manchester: EOC http://www.leeds.ac.uk/sociology/people/swdocs/Modelling%20gender%20pay%20gaps%20WP%2017.pdf
Government Equalities Office (2010) The gender pay gap in the UK: 1995 to 2007. Research Findings No. 2010/2. London: Government Equalities Office. ( http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/20100212235759/http://www.equalities.gov.uk/pdf/GPAYGAP_gpg_summary_FINAL.pdf )
Mandel, H. (2012) ‘Winners and Losers: The Consequences of Welfare State Policies for Gender Wage Inequality’ European sociological review., 28, 2: 241–262.
Week 10. Race, ethnicity and migration in Europe
Wrench, J. (2007) Diversity management and discrimination : immigrants and ethnic minorities in the EU. Aldershot: Ashgate. Ch.4, pp.57-85.
Geddes, A. (2006) Britain, France, and EU Anti-Discrimination Policy: The Emergence of an EU Policy Paradigm. West European politics.. 27 (2). 334–353.
Anderson, B. (2010). Migration, immigration controls and the fashioning of precarious workers. Work, employment and society., 24(2): 300-317.
Alberti, G. (2014). Mobility strategies,‘mobility differentials’ and ‘transnational exit’: the experiences of precarious migrants in London’s hospitality jobs. Work, employment and society., 28(6): 865-881
Hammerton, S. (2010) 'Internatlonal Migration. The search for decent work': SOLIDAR. http://cms.horus.be/files/99931/MediaArchive/Migration_report_web.pdf
Herbert, J., May, J., Wills, J., Datta, K., Evans, Y. and McIlwaine, C. (2008) 'Multicultural living? Experiences of everyday racism among Ghanaian migrants in London', European urban and regional studies., 15 (2): 103-117.
Castles, S. (1995) ‘How nation-states respond to immigration and ethnic diversity’. New community., 21, 3: 293-308
Kofman, E., Phizacklea, A., Raghuram, P. and Sales, R (2000). Gender and international migration in Europe : employment, welfare, and politics. London: Routledge. Especially ch. 3, ‘European migratory regimes’, pp. 44-76.
Novitz. T (2017) Collective Bargaining, Equality and Migration: The Journey to and from Brexit, Industrial Law Journal. ISSN: 0305-9332, 46, 1: 109-133
Triandafyllidou, A., Modood, T. and Zapata-Barrero, R. (2006), ‘European challenges to multicultural citizenship’, in Modood, T., Triandafyllidou, A. and Zapata-Barrero, R. (eds) Multiculturalism, Muslims and citizenship : a European approach. London: Routledge pp.1-13
Liegl, B., Perching, B. and Weyss, B. (2004) Combating Religious and Ethnic Discrimination in Employment: from the EU and International Perspective. European Network Against Racism http://cms.horus.be/files/99935/MediaArchive/pdf/discrim_employ_04_en.pdf
Sole, C. (2004) ‘Immigration Policies in Southern Europe’ Journal of ethnic and migration studies., 30, 6: 1209-21
This list was last updated on 05/09/2018