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CLAS2600
Aeneid CLAS2600 Reading List

Virgil's Aeneid, 2019/20, Semester 1, 2
Dr Paul White
p.m.white@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

SET TEXT

Virgil,  The Aeneid: (tr. D. West, 2003). Harmondsworth: Penguin.

There are two copies available here, however you should try to obtain your own copy.

JSTOR Search term: Virgil in Title

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Political and Cultural Context

Fantham, E., 1996. Roman Literary Culture : from Cicero to Apuleius Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press.

Feeney, D., 1998. Literature and Religion at Rome : Cultures, Contexts, and Beliefs . Cambridge: CUP.

Galinsky, K., 1996. Augustan Culture : An Interpretive Introduction . Princeton: Princeton UP.

Gold, B., 1982. Literary and Artistic Patronage in Ancient Rome. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Green, S.J., 2009. ‘Malevolent Gods and Promethean Birds: Contesting Augury in Augustus’ Rome’. Transactions of the American Philological Association. 139, pp.147-67.

Griffin, J., 1985. Latin Poets and Roman Life . London: Duckworth.

Hardie, P. R., 2014. The Last Trojan Hero: A Cultural History of Virgil’s Aeneid. London: I.B. Tauris.

Powell, A., 1992. Roman Poetry and Propaganda in the Age of Augustus Bristol: Bristol Classical Press.

Quint, D., 1993. Epic and Empire: Politics and Generic Form from Virgil to Milton Princeton: Princeton UP.

Raaflaub, K.A., and Toher, M., (eds.). 1990. Between Republic and Empire : Interpretations of Augustus and his Principate . Berkeley: University of California Press.

Stahl, H-P., 1998. Vergil's Aeneid : Augustan Epic and Political Context London: Duckworth.

Syme, R., 1939. The Roman Revolution. Oxford: OUP. [Old, but still very important!]

Thomas, R.F., 2001. Virgil and the Augustan Reception . Cambridge: CUP [particularly chapter 1: ‘Virgil and Augustus’].

White, P., 1993. Promised Verse : Poets in the Society of Augustan Rome Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP.

Williams, R.D., 1960. The Purpose of the Aeneid. The Classical quarterly . 10:  pp.145-51. 

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General bibliography on the Aeneid

Anderson , W.S., 1969. The Art of the Aeneid. Bristol: Bristol Classical Press.

Barchiesi, A. and Marchesi, I. (eds.), 2015. Homeric Effects in Vergil's Narrative. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Boyle, A.J., (ed.). 1996. Roman Epic : An Interpretative Introduction London: Routledge.

Briggs, W.W., 1981. ‘Virgil and the Hellenistic Epic’. Aufstieg und Niedergang der Römischen Welt 2.31.2, pp.948-84.

Cairns, F., 1989. Virgil's Augustan Epic Cambridge: CUP.

Clausen, W., 1987. Virgil's Aeneid and the Tradition of Hellenistic Poetry. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Clarke, M.J., Currie, B.G.F., Lyne, R.O.A.M., 2006. Epic Interactions: Perspectives on Homer, Virgil, and the Epic Tradition. Oxford: OUP.

Commager, S., (ed.) 1966. Virgil : a Collection of Critical Essays . Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall.

Conte, G.B., 1986. The Rhetoric of Imitation : Genre and  poetic Memory in Virgil and Other Latin Poets . Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell UP.

Conte, G.B., 2007. The Poetry of Pathos: Studies in Virgilian Epic [edited by S. J. Harrison]. Oxford : Oxford University Press.

Dekel, E. 2012. Virgil's Homeric lens ISBN: 9781138802292 (pbk.) : £28.00. London: Routledge.

Farrell, J., 2012. ‘Art, aesthetics, and the hero in Vergil’s Aeneidin Sluiter, I., and Rosen, R. M., 2012. Aesthetic Value in Classical Antiquity. Leiden; Boston: Brill.

Farrell, J. and Putnam, M.C.J., 2010. A Companion to Vergil’s Aeneid and its Tradition. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.

Farron, S., 1993. Vergil's Aeneid : A Poem of Grief and Love. Leiden: Brill.

Feeney, D., 1991. The Gods in Epic: Poets and Critics of the Classical Tradition. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Gillis, D., 1983. Eros and Death in the Aeneid . Rome: L’Erma di Bretschneider.

Gladhill, B., 2016. Rethinking Roman Alliance: A Study in Poetics and Society. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press. (Chapter 4 only)

Gowers, E., 2011. Trees and Family Trees in the Aeneid. Classical Antiquity 30, No. 1: pp. 87-118.

Gransden, K.W., 1984. Virgil's Iliad: an Essay on Epic Narrative. Cambridge: CUP.

Griffin, J., 1986. Virgil. Oxford: OUP (Past Masters Series).

Hardie, P.R., 1986. Virgil's Aeneid : cosmos and imperium . Oxford: Clarendon Press.**

---------- 1998. ** Virgil.  Oxford: OUP (Greece and Rome New Surveys in the Classics No. 28) **

---------- ** (ed.) 1999. Virgil: Critical Assessments of Classical Authors , Vols. 3 and 4. London: Routledge.**

---------- 2012. Rumour and Renown: Representations of Fama in Western Literature . Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press.

Harrison, S.J., 1990.  Oxford readings in Vergil's Aeneid. Oxford: OUP.

Heinze, R., 1993. Virgil's Epic Technique. [trans. H.& D. Harvey, F. Robertson]. Bristol: Bristol Classical Press.

Henry, E., 1989. The Vigour of Prophecy: a Study of Virgil's Aeneid. Bristol: Bristol Classical Press.

Hinds, S., 1998. Allusion and Intertext: Dynamics of Appropriation in Roman Poetry. Cambridge: CUP.

Horsfall, N. (ed.), 1995. A Companion to the Study of Virgil.  Leiden: Brill.

Hornsby, R.A., 1970. Patterns of Action in the Aeneid : An Interpretation of Vergil's Epic Similes. Iowa: University of Iowa Press.

Hunter, R., and Oakley, S. P. (eds.), Latin Literature and its Transmission: Papers in Honour of Michael Reeve . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Johnson, W.R., 1976.  Darkness visible : a study of Vergil's 'Aeneid' ISBN: 0520029429. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Kallendorf, C., 2007. The Other Virgil: Pessimistic Readings of the Aeneid in Early Modern Culture . Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press.

Keith, A., 2000.  Engendering Rome: Women in Latin Epic. Cambridge: CUP.

Knauer, G.N., 1964. Vergil’s Aeneid and Homer, Greek, Roman, and Byzantine studies. 5 pp.61-84 [= Harrison (1990), Oxford Readings in Vergil's Aeneid pp. 390-412].

Owen Lee, M., 1979. Fathers and Sons in Virgil's Aeneid: tum genitor natum. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Lovatt, H., 2013. The Epic Gaze: Vision, Gender and Narrative in Ancient Epic. Cambridge: CUP.

Lyne, R.O.A.M., 1987. Further Voices in Vergil's Aeneid. Oxford: Clarendon.

---------- 1989. Words and the Poet: Characteristic Techniques of Style in Vergil's Aeneid. O xford: Clarendon.

Martindale, C. (ed.), 1994. Virgil and his Influence: Bimillennial Studies. Bristol: Bristol University Press.

---------- (ed.) 1997. Cambridge Companion to Virgil. Cambridge: CUP. [+ online ]

Nelis, D.P., 2001. Vergil's Aeneid and the Argonautica of Apollonius Rhodius. Leeds: Francis Cairns.

O’Hara, J.J., 1990. Death and the Optimistic Prophecy in Vergil's Aeneid. Princeton: Princeton UP.

---------- 2007. Inconsistency in Roman Epic: Studies in Catullus, Lucretius, Vergil, Ovid and Lucan. Cambridge: CUP (esp. pp. 77-103)

Otis, B., 1995. Virgil: A Study in Civilized Poetry. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

Panoussi, V., 2009. Greek Tragedy in Vergil's Aeneid: Ritual, Empire, and Intertext. Cambridge; New York: CUP.

Perkell, C., 1999.  Reading Vergil's Aeneid: An Interpretive Guide. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

Pöschl, V., 1962. The Art of Vergil: Image and Symbol in the Aeneid. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Putnam, M.C.J., 1965. The Poetry of the Aeneid : Four Studies in Imaginative Unity and Design. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

---------- 1995. Virgil's Aeneid: Interpretation and Influence. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press.

---------- 1998. Virgil's Epic Designs: Ekphrasis in the Aeneid. New Haven: Yale UP.

Quinn, K., 1968. Virgil's Aeneid : A Critical Description. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Reed, J. D., 2007. Virgil’s Gaze: Nation and Poetry in the Aeneid.  Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Rogerson, A., 2017. Virgil’s Ascanius: Imagining the Future in the Aeneid. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge Classical Press.  

Seider, A. M., 2013. Memory in Vergil's Aeneid: Creating the Past. Cambridge; New York: CUP.

Stahl, H-P., 1998.  Vergil's Aeneid : Augustan Epic and Political Context London: Routledge.

Syed, Y., 2004. Vergil's Aeneid and the Roman Self: Subject and Nation in Literary Discourse. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Thomas, R.F., 1999. Reading Virgil and his Texts: Studies in Intertextuality. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Toohey, P., 1992. Reading Epic: An Introduction to the Ancient Narratives. London: Routledge.

Von Albrecht, M., 1998. Roman Epic: An Interpretative Introduction. Boston: Brill.

Williams, G., 1968.  Tradition and Originality in Roman Poetry. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Williams, G., 1983.  Technique and Ideas in the Aeneid New Haven and London: Yale UP.

Bibliography on specific books of the poem

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Book 1

Barchiesi, A., 2016. Jupiter the antiquarian: the name of Iulus ( A. 1.267-8). In Hunter, R., and Oakley, S. P. (eds.), Latin Literature and its Transmission: Papers in Honour of Michael Reeve, pp. 1-9.

Putnam, M.C.J., 1998.  Virgil's Epic Designs: Ekphrasis in the Aeneid. New Haven: Yale UP,  Chapter 1

Reckford, K. J., 1995-6. Recognising Venus (I): Aeneas meets his mother. Arion . 3: pp. 1-42.

Segal, C.P., 1981. Art and the Hero: Participation, Detachment and Narrative Point of View in the Aeneid, Arethusa 14 pp. 67-83. (Reprinted in Hardie, P.R., 1999. Virgil: Critical Assessments of Classical Authors Vol. 3, pp. 42-58).

Stahl, H-P., 1981. Aeneas - an ‘unheroic’ hero? Arethusa. 14 pp. 157-77.

Williams, R.D., 1990. The Pictures in Dido’s Temple ( Aeneid 1.450-93), The Classical quarterly 10  pp. 145-51. (Reprinted in Harrison, S.J., 1990. Oxford Readings in Vergil's Aeneid, pp. 37-45).

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Book 2

Austin, R.G. 1964. Virgil. Aeneidos Liber Secundus. With a Commentary. Oxford.   

Bowie, A.M., 1990. The Death of Priam. Allegory and History in the Aeneid, The Classical quarterly 40, pp. 470-81.

Esteves, V., 1981. Aeneid II 624-631 and the Helen and Venus Episodes. The Classical Journal 76, pp. 318-335. - Available online: https://www.jstor.org/stable/3297341? seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Fuhrer, Th. 1989. Aeneas. A Study in Character Development. Greece and Rome. ISSN: 0017-3835 36, pp. 63-72.

Fulkerson, L., 2008. Patterns of Death in the Aeneid . Scripta Classica Israelica 27, pp. 17-33.

Garstang, J.B., 1962. The Crime of Helen and the Concept of Fatum in the Aeneid. The Classical Journal 57, pp. 337-345. - Available online: https://www.jstor.org/stable/3294821? seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Grillo, L., 2010/11. Leaving Troy and Creusa: reflections on Aeneas' flight. The Classical Journal. 106, pp. 43-68.

Harrison, E.L., 1990. Divine Action in Aeneid Book 2. In Harrison , S.J., Oxford Readings in Vergil's Aeneid, pp.  46-59.

Knox, B.M.W., 1950. The Serpent and the Flame. The Images of the Second Book of the Aeneid, The American Journal of Philology 71, pp. 379-400. (Reprinted in Harrison, S.J., 1990. Oxford Readings in Vergil's Aeneid,  pp. 46-59).

Lynch, J.P. 1980. Laocoon and Sinon: Virgil, Aeneid 2.40-198, Greece and Rome 27, pp. 170 - 179. (Reprinted in Hardie, P.R., 1999. Virgil: Critical Assessments of Classical Authors, vol. 3, pp. 76-84).

Powell, Jonathan G. F., 2011. Aeneas the spin-doctor: rhetorical self-presentation in Aeneid 2, Proceedings of the Virgil Society 27, pp.184-202 

Reinhold, M., 1966. The 'Unhero' Aeneas, Classica et Mediaevalia 27, pp. 195-207.

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Book 3

Grimm, R. E., 1967. Aeneas and Andromache in Aeneid III, The American Journal of Philology 88, pp. 151-62.

Hershkowitz, D., 1991. The Aeneid in Aeneid 3, Vergilius 37, pp. 69-76.

Hexter, R., 1999. Imitating Troy: a reading of Aeneid 3. In Perkell, C. (ed.) Reading Vergil's Aeneid : An Interpretive Guide, pp. 64-79.

Kinsey, T.E., 1979. The Achaemenides Episode in Virgil’s Aeneid III, Latomus 38, pp. 110-24.

Lloyd, R.B., 1957. Aeneid III. A New Approach, The American Journal of Philology 78, pp. 133-51. (Reprinted in Hardie, P.R., 1999. Virgil: Critical Assessments of Classical Authors Vol. 4, pp. 101-16).

McKay, A.G., 1966. The Achaemenides Episode; Virgil Aeneid III 588-691, Vergilius 12, pp. 31-8.

Putnam, M.C.J., 1980. The Third Book of the Aeneid: From Homer to Rome, Ramus 9, pp. 1-21 .

Quint, D., 1982-3. Painful Memories: Aeneid 3 and the Problem of the Past, The classical journal 78, pp. 30-8. - Available online: https://www.jstor.org/stable/3297265? seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Ramminger, J., 1991. Imitation and Allusion in the Achaemenides Scene (Virgil Aeneid 3.588-691), The American Journal of Philology 112, pp. 53-72.

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Book 4

Collard, C., 1975. Medea and Dido, Prometheus 1, pp. 151-51. Available online: http://www.fupress.net/index.php/prometheus/article/view/19958/18545    

Commager, S., 1981. Fateful Words. Some Conversations in Aeneid 4, Arethusa 14, pp. 101-14.

Eidinow, J.S.C., 2003. Dido, Aeneas, and Iulus: Heirship and Obligation in Aeneid 4, The Classical quarterly 53, pp. 260-267.

Foster, J., 1973/4. Some Devices of Drama used in Aeneid 1-4. Proceedings of the Virgil Society . 13: pp. 28-41. - Available online: http://digitalvirgil.co.uk/? p=588

Gibson, R.K., 1999. Aeneas as hospes in Vergil, Aeneid 1 and 4, The Classical Quarterly 49, pp. 184-202.

Moles, J.L., 1987. The Tragedy and Guilt of Dido. In M. Whitby, P. Hardie and M. Whitby (eds.), Homo Viator: Classical Essays for John Bramble, Bristol: Bristol Classical Press. pp. 153-161.

Muecke, F., 1983. Foreshadowing and Dramatic Irony in the Story in the Story of Dido, The American Journal of Philology 104, pp. 134-55..

Quinn, K., 1963. Latin Explorations: Critical Studies in Roman Literature, New York: Routledge. [See: ch. entitled ‘Virgil’s Tragic Queen’].

Wlosok, A., 1999. The Dido Tragedy in Virgil: A Contribution to the Question of the Tragic in the Aeneid, in Hardie, P.R., Virgil: Critical Assessments of Classical Authors Vol. 4, pp. 158-181.

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Book 5

Babcock, C., 1992. Sola … multis e matribus: A Comment on Vergil’s Trojan Women. In:  R.M. Wilhelm and H. Jones (eds.), The Two Worlds of the Poet: New Perspectives on Vergil , Detroit: Wayne State University Press, pp. 39-50.

Feldherr, A., 1995. Ships of State: Aeneid  5 and Augustan Circus Spectacle. Classical antiquity . Vol. 14: pp. 245-65. 

Hardie, P.R., 1987. Ships and Ship-Names in the Aeneid. In: Whitby, M., Hardie, P., and Whitby, M. (eds.), Homo Viator: Classical Essays for John Bramble Bristol: Bristol Classical Press, pp. 163-71.

Harris, H. A., 1968-9. The Games in Aeneid V”. Proceedings of the Virgil Society . 8: pp. 14-26.

Galinsky, G.K. 1968. Aeneid 5 and the AeneidThe American Journal of Philology 89:  pp. 157-85. [Reprinted in Hardie, P.R., 1999. Virgil: Critical Assessments of Classical Authors Vol. 4, pp. 158-81].

Nugent, S., 1992. Aeneid V and Virgil’s Voice of the Women. Arethusa 25:  pp. 255-92.

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Book 6

Bleisch, P., 1999. The Empty Tomb at Rhoeteum: Deiphobus and the Problem of the Past in Aeneid 6.494-547, Classical antiquity 18, pp. 187-226.

Brooks, R.A., 1953. Discolor aura. Reflections on the Golden Bough, The American Journal of Philology 74, pp. 260-80. [Reprinted in Commager, S., 1966. Virgil: A Collection of Critical Essays, pp.  142-63].

Burke, P.F., 1979. Roman rites for the dead and Aeneid 6, The Classical Journal 74, pp. 220-8. - Available online: https://www.jstor.org/stable/3296855? seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Dominik, W.J., 1996. Reading Vergil’s Aeneid: the Gates of Sleep (VI 893-898), Maia 48, pp. 129-138. - Available online: http://www.academia.edu/9339349/William_J._Dominik_Reading_Vergil_s_Aeneid_The_Gates_of_Sleep_6.893_98_Maia_48.2_1996_129_138 

Horsfall, N., 2013. Virgil, Aeneid 6: A Commentary. Berlin: De Gruyter. [High demand]

Feeney, D. C., 1986. History and Revelation in Virgil’s Underworld, Proceedings of the Cambridge Philological Society 32, pp. 1-24.

Fuqua, C., 1982. Hector, Sychaeus and Deiphobus: Three Mutilated Figures in Aeneid 1-6, Classical Philology. ISSN: 0009-837X 77, pp. 235-40.

Reed. N., 1973. The Gates of Sleep in Aeneid 6, The Classical quarterly 23, pp. 311-15.

Segal, C. P., 1965/6. Aeternum per saecula nomen. The Golden Bough and the Tragedy of History: Part 1 in Arion 4 pp. 617-57; Part 2 in Arion 5, pp. 34-72.

Solmsen, F., 1972. The World of the Dead in Book 6 of the Aeneid, Classical Philology 67, pp. 31-41. [Reprinted in Harrison Oxford readings in Vergil's Aeneid, pp. 208-223].

Tarrant, R.J., 1982. Aeneas and the Gates of Sleep, Classical Philology 77, pp. 51-5.

Williams, R.D., 1964. The Sixth Book of the Aeneid, Greece and Rome 11, pp. 48-63. [Reprinted in Harrison Oxford Readings in Vergil's Aeneid, pp. 191-207]

Zetzel, J.E.G., 1989. Romane Memento: Justice and Judgement in Aeneid 6, Transactions of the American Philological Association. 119, pp. 263-84.

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Book 7

Anderson, W.S., 1957. Virgil’s Second Iliad, Transactions of the American Philological Association. 88, pp. 17-30. [Reprinted in Harrison 1990, pp. 239-52]

Fantham, E. 1998. Allecto’s First Victim: a Study of Virgil’s Amata. In Stahl, H-P., Vergil's Aeneid : Augustan Epic and Political Context, pp. 135-53.

Fowler, D., 1998. Opening the Gates of War: Aeneid 7.601-40. In Stahl, H-P., 1998. Vergil's Aeneid : Augustan Epic and Political Context, pp. 155-74.

Fraenkel, E., 1990. Some Aspects of the Structure of Aeneid 7, The journal of Roman studies. 35, pp. 1-14. [Reprinted in Harrison 1990, Oxford Readings in Vergil's Aeneid pp. 253-76].

Horsfall, N., 2000. Virgil, Aeneid 7 : a commentary. Leiden: Brill.

Putnam, M.C.J. 1970. Aeneid 7 and the Aeneid, The American Journal of Philology 91, pp. 408-30. [Reprinted in Hardie 1990,  Virgil: Critical Assessments of Classical Authors Vol. 4, pp. 244-62].

Reckford, K. J., 1961. Latent Tragedy in Aeneid 7.1-285, The American Journal of Philology 82, pp. 252-69.

Vance, E., 1981. Sylvia’s Pet Stag: Wildness and Domesticity, Arethusa 14, pp. 127-38. [Reprinted in Hardie 1999,  Virgil : critical assessments of classical authors Vol. 4].

Williams, R.D., 1961. The Function and Structure of Virgil’s Catalogue in Aeneid 7, The Classical quarterly 11, pp. 146-153.

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Book 8

Feeney, D.C., 1986. Following after Hercules, in Virgil and Apollonius, Proceedings of the Virgil Society, pp. 47-85.

Galinsky, G.K. 1966. The Hercules-Cacus Episode in Aeneid 8, The American Journal of Philology 87, pp. 18-51. [Reprinted in Hardie (ed.) 1999, Virgil: Critical Assessments of Classical Authors,  pp. 274-303].

---------- 1972.  The Herakles Theme: The Adaptations of the Hero in Literature from Homer to the Twentieth Century Oxford: Blackwell., pp. 131-49. [Reprinted in Harrison 1990, Oxford Readings in Vergil's Aeneid, pp. 277-94].

Gransden, K.W., 1976. Aeneid Book VIII, Cambridge: CUP.

Harrison, E.L., 1997. The Survival and Supremacy of Rome: the Unity of the Shield of Aeneas, The journal of Roman studies. 87, pp. 70-6

Morgan, L. ‘Assimilation and Civil War: Hercules and Cacus’, in Stahl Vergil's Aeneid : Augustan epic and political context (1998) 175-97

Stafford, E, 2012. Herakles, London: Routledge.

West, D.A., 1975-6. Cernere erat: the Shield of Aeneas, Proceedings of the Virgil Society 15, pp. 1-7. [Reprinted in Harrison 1990,  Oxford Readings in Vergil's Aeneid, pp.  295-304].

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Book 9

Dickie, M., 1985. The Speech of Numanus Remulus ( Aeneid 9.598-620), Papers of the Liverpool Latin Seminar. Vol. 5, pp. 165-221.

Duckworth, G.E., 1967. The Significance of Nisus and Euryalus for Aeneid 9 to 12, The American Journal of Philology 88, pp. 129-50. [Reprinted in Hardie 1999, Virgil: Critical Assessments of Classical Authors Vol. 4, pp. 304-21].

Fitzgerald, G.J., 1972. Nisus and Euryalus: A Paradigm of Futile Behaviour and the Tragedy of Youth. In Martyn J.R.C. (ed.) Cicero and Virgil: Studies in Honour of Harold Hunt, Amsterdam: Hakkert, pp. 114-37.

Green, S. J., 2014. Alternatives To Aeneas: Meditations on Leadership and Military Discipline In Virgil, Aeneid 9. Proceedings of the Virgil Society 28, pp.99-122.

Harrison, E. L., 1995. The Metamorphosis of the Ships ( Aeneid 9.77-122). Papers of the Leeds International Latin Seminar. Vol.8, Roman comedy, Augustan poetry, historiography 8: pp. 143-64.

Hardie, P.R., 1994.  Aeneid, Book 9, Cambridge: CUP.

Lennox, P., 1977. Virgil’s Night-Episode Re-examined ( Aeneid 9.176-449), Hermes 105, pp. 331-42.

Makowski, J., 1989. Nisus and Euryalus: A Platonic Relationship, The classical journal 85, pp. 1-15. - Available at: https://www.jstor.org/stable/3297483? seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents

Meban, D., 2009. The Nisus and Euryalus Episode and Roman Friendship. Phoenix 63, pp. 239-59.

Pavlock, B., 1985. Epic and Tragedy in Virgil’s Nisus and Euryalus Episode, Transactions of the American Philological Association. 115,  pp. 207-24.

Saylor, C., 1990. Group vs. individual in Virgil Aeneid IX, Latomus 49, pp. 88-94.

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Book 10

Benario, H., 1967. The Tenth Book of the Aeneid, Transactions of the American Philological Association 98, pp. 23-36.

Harrison, S., 1998. The Sword-belt of Pallas: Moral Symbolism and Political Ideology: Aeneid 10.495-505,. In Stahl Vergil's Aeneid : Augustan Epic and Political Context, pp. 223-42.

La Penna, A., 1999. Mezentius: A Tragedy of Tyranny and Ancient Titanism. In Hardie 1999. Virgil : Critical Assessments of Classical Authors, pp. 345-75.

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Book 11

Basson, W. P., 1986. Virgil’s Camilla: A Paradoxical Character, Acta classica 29, pp. 57-68. - Available online: http://www.casa-kvsa.org.za/1986/AC29-03-Basson.pdf

Fowler, D., 1987. Virgil on killing virgins. In M. Whitby, P. Hardie and M. Whitby (eds.), Homo viator: Classical Essays for John Bramble, Bristol: Bristol Classical Press, pp. 185-98.

Gransden, K.W., 1991. Aeneid, Book 11 Cambridge: CUP.

Hardie, P.R., 1998. Fame and Defamation in the Aeneid: the Council of the Latins. In Stahl, Vergil's Aeneid: Augustan Epic and Political Context, pp.  243-70.

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Book 12

Barchiesi, A. and Marchesi, I. (eds.), 2015. Homeric Effects in Vergil's Narrative. Princeton: Princeton University Press. [esp. Ch. 4: The Death of Turnus].

Feeney, D.C., 1984. The Reconciliations of Juno, The Classical Quarterly 34, pp. 179-94. [Reprinted in Hardie 1999, Virgil : Critical Assessments of Classical Authors, pp. 392-413 and in Harrison 1990, Oxford Readings in Vergil's Aeneid, pp. 339-62].

Galinsky, K., 1994. How to be Philosophical about the End of the Aeneid, Institute of Classical Studies 19, pp. 191-201. Available online: https://www.ideals.illinois.edu/handle/2142/13016

Perkell, C., 1997. The Lament of Juturna. Pathos and Interpretation in the Aeneid, Transactions of the American Philological Association. 127, pp. 257-86.

Putnam, M.C.J., 1999. The Hesitation of Aeneas. In Hardie Virgil: Critical Assessments of Classical Authors,  pp. 414-33. (Reprinted from Putnam, M.C.J. 1995 Virgil's Aeneid : interpretation and influence London: University of North Carolina Press)

Stahl, H. P., 1990. The Death of Turnus. Augustan Virgil and the Political Rival. In Rauflaub and Toher, Between Republic and Empire: Interpretations of Augustus and his Principate, pp. 174-211.

West, D., 1998. The End and the Meaning: Vergil Aeneid 12.791-842, in Stahl, ed. Vergil's Aeneid: Augustan Epic and Political Context pp. 303-18.

This list was last updated on 22/11/2019