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HIST1300
Nelson Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom

Primary Sources for the Historian: An Introduction to Documentary study, 2019/20, Semester 2
Professor Stephen Alford
S.Alford@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Reading List HIST1300, Nelson Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom

Seminar Specific Core Reading:

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Seminar 1: Introduction

 None

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 Seminar 2: The Young Mandela

  • Parts 1 and 2 of Long walk to freedom : the autobiography of Nelson Mandela. ISBN: 0349106533 (pbk)
  • Hughes, Heather, ‘Lives and Wives: Understanding African Nationalism in South Africa through a Biographical Approach’, in History compass. ISSN: 1478-0542, 10, 8 (2012) 562-573. (A pdf copy can be found on Minerva).
  • Suttner, Raymond, ‘Nelson Mandela’s Masculinities’, WISER Interdisciplinary Seminar in the Humanities, 11 August 2014. (A pdf copy can be found on Minerva).  

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Seminar 3: The Youth League

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Seminar 4: Underground Revolutionary

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Seminar 5: The Treason Trial

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Seminar 6: Guerrilla Warfare

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Seminar 7: Prison

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Seminar 8: African nationalism

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Seminar 9: Mandela’s Release

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Seminar 10: Negotiations

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Seminar 11:  Recapitulation and Epilogue:

  • Lodge, Tom Mandela : a critical life ISBN: 0192805681 (alk. paper) : £14.99; 9780192805683 (alk. paper) : £14.99 (2006), pp. 204-225,(Available online through the library as an ebook) 
  • Sifiso Mxolisi Ndlovu, ‘Mandela’s Presidential Years: An Africanist View’, in Rita Barnard ed.,The Cambridge Companion to Nelson Mandela, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014), pp. 182-204  

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Further Part Specific Reading:

Introductory Seminar (Seminar 1)

Beinart, William, Twentieth Century South Africa (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994).

Karis, Thomas, and Gwendolyn Carter, eds., From Protest to Challenge: A Documentary History of African Politics in South Africa, 1882-1990, 5 vols. (Stanford: Hoover Institution and Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1972-1997).

Worden, Nigel, The making of modern South Africa: conquest, apartheid, democracy, Historical Association studies, 4th edn (Oxford: Blackwell, 2007).

Part 1- 2 (Seminar 2):

Barnard, Rita ed., The Cambridge companion to Nelson Mandela (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2014).

Dubow, Saul, Racial segregation and the origins of apartheid in South Africa, 1919-36 ISBN: 0333464613 (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1989), pp. 246-283 (A pdf copy can be found on Minerva).

Peires, The house of Phalo : a history of the Xhosa people in the days of their independence ISBN: 0520046633 (1982)

Hughes, Heather, ‘Lives and Wives: Understanding African Nationalism in South Africa through a Biographical Approach’, in History compass. ISSN: 1478-0542, 10, 8 (2012) 562-573.

Mandela, Nelson, Long walk to freedom : the autobiography of Nelson Mandela. ISBN: 0349106533 (pbk) (Abacus, 1994), part 1-2.  

Suttner, Raymond, ‘Nelson Mandela’s Masculinities’, WISER Interdisciplinary Seminar in the Humanities, 11 August 2014, (A pdf copy can be found on Minerva).

Part 3, (Seminar 3)

Allen, V. L., The history of black mineworkers in South Africa ISBN: 0850365651 (v. 1 : hbk.); 085036566X (v. 2 : hbk.); 0850365678 (v. 3 : hbk.) (London: Merlin, 2005).

Bonner, Philip, "African Urbanization on the Rand between the 1930s and 1960s: Its Social Character and Political Consequences," Journal of Southern African studies. ISSN: 0305-7070, 21 (1995), 115-29.

Crush, Jonathan, Alan Jeeves, and David Yudelman, South Africa's labor empire : a history of black migrancy to the gold mines ISBN: 0813374170 (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1991).

David Killinggray, ‘Significant Black South Africans in Britain before 1912: Pan African Organisations and the Emergence of South Africa’s First Black Lawyers’, in South African historical journal = Suid-Afrikaanse historiese joernaal. ISSN: 0258-2473, 64, 3 (2012) 393-417

Feit, Edward, Generational Conflict and African Nationalism in South Africa: The African National Congress, 1949-1959, in The international journal of African historical studies. ISSN: 0361-7882 5, 2 (1972), 101-202. (A pdf copy can be found on Minerva).

Mandela, Nelson, Long walk to freedom : the autobiography of Nelson Mandela. ISBN: 0349106533 (pbk) (Abacus, 1994), part 3.  

Minkley, Gary, ‘Class and Culture in the Workplace: East London, Industrialisation, and the Conflict over Work, 1945-1957,’ Journal of Southern African studies. ISSN: 0305-7070, 18 (1992), 739-60.

Moodie, T. Dunbar, ‘The Political Economy of the Black Miners' Strike of 1946,’ Journal of Southern African studies. ISSN: 0305-7070, 13 (1986), 1-35.

Moodie, T. Dunbar, ‘The South African State and Industrial Conflict in the 1940s,’ The international journal of African historical studies. ISSN: 0361-7882, 21 (1988), 21-61.

Part 4 (Seminar 4)

Bonner, Philip, Peter Delius, and Deborah Posel, Apartheid's genesis, 1935-1962 ISBN: 0869754408 (Braamfontein, South Africa: Ravan Press; Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press, 1993).

Dubow, Saul, Scientific racism in modern South Africa ISBN: 052147907X (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).

Dubow, S., ‘Afrikaner nationalism, Apartheid, and race’, The journal of African history. ISSN: 0021-8537, 33 (1992), 209–37.

Evans, Ivan, Bureaucracy and race : native administration in South Africa ISBN: 0520206517 (cloth : alk. paper) (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997).

Giliomee, Hermann Buhr, The Afrikaners : biography of a people ISBN: 0813922372; 062403884x (pbk. : Tafelberg Publishers), 1st edn (Cape Town: University of Virginia Press, 2003).

Mandela, Nelson, Long walk to freedom : the autobiography of Nelson Mandela. ISBN: 0349106533 (pbk) (Abacus, 1994), part 4.  

Maylam, P., ‘The rise and decline of urban Apartheid,’ African affairs. ISSN: 0001-9909, 89 (1990), 57–84.

O'Meara, Dan, Volkskapitalisme : class, capital and ideology in the development of Afrikaner nationalism, 1934-1948 ISBN: 0521242851 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1983).

Posel, Deborah, The making of apartheid, 1948-1961: conflict and compromise (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991).

Suttner, Raymond, The African National Congress (ANC) Underground: From the M-plan to Rivonia, South African historical journal = Suid-Afrikaanse historiese joernaal. ISSN: 0258-2473, 49, 1 (2003), 123-146 (A pdf copy can be found on Minerva).

Turok, Ben, The ANC and the turn to armed struggle, 1950-1970 ISBN: 9781770099685 (pbk.); 1770099689 (pbk.) (Auckland Park, South Africa: Jacana Media, 2010).

Part 5 (Seminar 5)

Couper, Scott Everett, ‘An Embarrassment to the Congresses?: The Silencing of Chief Albert Luthuli and the Production of ANC History’, Journal of Southern African studies. ISSN: 0305-7070, 35 (2009), pp. 331-348

Gerhart, Gail, Black power in South Africa : the evolution of an ideology ISBN: 0520039335 pbk; 0520030222 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978).

Karis, Thomas, and Gwendolyn Carter, eds., From Protest to Challenge: A Documentary History of African Politics in South Africa , 1882-1990 , 5 vols., (Stanford: University of California Press, 1972-)

Lodge, Tom, Sharpeville : an apartheid massacre and its consequences ISBN: 9780192801852; 0192801856 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011)

 Mandela, Nelson, Long walk to freedom : the autobiography of Nelson Mandela. ISBN: 0349106533 (pbk) (Abacus, 1994), part 5.  

Part 6 & 7 (Seminar 6)

Ellis, Stephen, The Genesis of the ANC's Armed Struggle in South Africa 1948-1961, Journal of Southern African studies. ISSN: 0305-7070, 37 (2011), 657-676 (A pdf copy can be found on Minerva).

Fatton Jr., Robert, The African National Congress of South Africa: The Limitations of a Revolutionary Strategy, Canadian Journal of African Studies = La revue canadienne des études africaines. ISSN: 0008-3968; 1923-3051, 18, 3 (1984), pp.593-608. (A pdf copy can be found on Minerva).

Karis, Thomas, and Gwendolyn Carter, eds., From Protest to Challenge: A Documentary History of African Politics in South Africa, 1882-1990, 5 vols., (Stanford: University of California Press, 1972-)

Mandela, Nelson, Long walk to freedom : the autobiography of Nelson Mandela. ISBN: 0349106533 (pbk) (Abacus, 1994), part 6-7.  

Marx, Anthony W., Lessons of struggle : South African internal opposition, 1960-1990 ISBN: 0195073487 (pbk); 0195068157 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1992).

Mbeki, Govan, Learning from Robben Island : the prison writings of Govan Mbeki. ISBN: 0821410075 (OhioUniversity Press : pbk.); 0852663660 (Currey); 0864861664 (DavidPhilip); 0821410067 (OhioUniversity Press), (Athens: Ohio University Press, 1991).

McKinley, Dale, The ANC and the liberation struggle : a critical political biography ISBN: 0745312772 (pbk) : No price; 0745312829 (1997), pp. 25-40

Part 8 (Seminar 7)

Lodge, Tom, Mandela : a critical life ISBN: 0192805681 (alk. paper) : £14.99; 9780192805683 (alk. paper) : £14.99 (2006),pp. 116-146

Mandela, Nelson, Long walk to freedom : the autobiography of Nelson Mandela. ISBN: 0349106533 (pbk) (Abacus, 1994), part 8.  

Marx, Anthony W., Lessons of struggle : South African internal opposition, 1960-1990 ISBN: 0195073487 (pbk); 0195068157 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1992).

Ramphele, Mamphela. A bed called home : life in the migrant labour hostels of Cape Town ISBN: 0748604480 (pbk) : £12.95; 086486227x (South Africa); 0821410636 (U.S.); 0748604480 (Athens: Ohio University Press, 1993).

Schalkwyk, David, ‘Mandela, the Emotions, and the Lessons of Prison’, in Rita Barnard ed., The Cambridge Companion to Nelson Mandela (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014), (A pdf copy can be found on Minerva).

Part 9 (Seminar 8)

Beinart, William, and Colin Bundy, Hidden struggles in rural South Africa : politics & popular movements in the Transkei & Eastern Cape 1890-1930 ISBN: 0852550138 (pbk ; cased) : £9.95; 085255012X (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987).

Biko, Stephen, Black Consciousness and the Quest for a True Humanity, Ufahamu: A Journal of African Studies, 8, 3 (1978), pp.10-20. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (hew 16/01/2018) 

Biko, Steven, ‘The Definition of Black Consciousness’ in P.H. Coetzee and A.P.J. Roux eds. The African philosophy reader ISBN: 0415189055 (alk. paper) (London: Routledge, 1998)

Bundy, Colin, ‘Street Sociology and Pavement Politics: Aspects of Youth and Student Resistance in Cape Town, 1985,’ Journal of Southern African studies. ISSN: 0305-7070, 13 (1987), 303-30.

Gerhart, Gail, Black power in South Africa : the evolution of an ideology ISBN: 0520039335 pbk; 0520030222 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978).

Glaser, Clive, Bo-tsotsi : the youth gangs of Soweto, 1935-1976 ISBN: 0852556403 (James Currey paper); 085255690x (James Currey cloth); 0325002185 (Heinemann paper : alk. paper); 0325002193 (Portsmouth NH: Heinemann, 2000).

Hyslop, Jonathan, The classroom struggle : policy and resistance in South Africa, 1940-1990 ISBN: 0869809520 (Pietermaritzburg: University of Natal Press, 1999).

Kallaway, Peter, ed., Apartheid and education : the education of Black South Africans ISBN: 9780869752562; 0869752561 (pbk.) ISBN: 0869752561 (pbk.) (New York: Peter Lang, 2002) 

Lodge, Tom, Black politics in South Africa since 1945 ISBN: 0582643279 (pbk ; cased) : £5.95; 0582643287 (Harlow: Longman, 1983).

Lodge, Tom, Bill Nasson, Steven Mufson, Khehla Shubane, and Nokwanda Sithole, All, here and now : black politics in South Africa in the 1980s ISBN: 086486213X; 9780864862136 (London: Hurst, 1992).

Mandela, Nelson, Long walk to freedom : the autobiography of Nelson Mandela. ISBN: 0349106533 (pbk) (Abacus, 1994), part 9.  

Marx, Anthony W., Lessons of struggle : South African internal opposition, 1960-1990 ISBN: 0195073487 (pbk); 0195068157 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992)

Seekings, Jeremy, The UDF : a history of the United Democratic Front in South Africa, 1983-1991 ISBN: 0852558422 (James Currey); 0864864035 (David Philip); 0821413368 (Ohio University Press) (Athens: Ohio University Press, 2000), (esp. chaps. 1, 11)

Seidman, Gay W., Manufacturing militance : workers' movements in Brazil and South Africa, 1970-1985 ISBN: 0520075196 (alk. paper); 0520083032 (pbk. : alk. paper) (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1994)

Wilmot, James, Our precious metal : African labour in South Africa's gold industry, 1970-1990 ISBN: 0852552173 (pbk); 0852552173 (London: Currey, 1992).

Part 10 (Seminar 9)

Adler, Glenn, and Johnny Steinberg, eds., From comrades to citizens : the South African civics movement and the transition to democracy ISBN: 0333774574 : £45.00 (New York: Palgrave, 2000).

Breuilly, John, ‘Max Weber, Charisma and Nationalist Leadership’, Nations and nationalism. ISSN: 1354-5078, 17, 3 (2011), 477-499. (A pdf copy can be found on Minerva).

Caldwell J.C. & P., ‘The South African fertility decline’, Population and development review. ISSN: 0098-7921, 19 (1993), 225–62.

De Klerk, F. W., The last trek, a new beginning : the autobiography ISBN: 0333753100 (pbk); 0333732642 (London: Pan, 2000)

Giliomee, Hermann, 'Surrender without Defeat: Afrikaners and the South African "Miracle"', Daedalus. ISSN: 0011-5266, 126 (1997), 113-146.

Mandela, Nelson, Long walk to freedom : the autobiography of Nelson Mandela. ISBN: 0349106533 (pbk) (Abacus, 1994), part 10.  

Price, Robert M., The apartheid state in crisis : political transformation in South Africa, 1975-1990 ISBN: 0195067495; 0195067509 (pbk) (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991).

Weber, Max, ‘The Sociology of Charismatic Authority’, in C. Wright Mills and H. Heinrich Gerth (eds.) From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology (2009), 245-252 (Available through the library as an ebook)

Sparks, Allister, Tomorrow is another country : the inside story of South Africa's road to change ISBN: 0226768554 (alk. paper : pbk.), University of Chicago Press edn (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996).

Part 11 (Seminar 10)

Adler, Glenn, and Eddie Webster, eds., Trade unions and democratization in South Africa, 1985-1997 ISBN: 0333747739 : £47.50 (London: Macmillan, 2000).

Carter, Michael, and Julian May. ‘Poverty, Livelihood and Class in Rural South Africa,’ World development. ISSN: 0305-750x, 77 (1998), 1-20.

Carton, Benedict, Blood from your children : the colonial origins of generational conflict in South Africa ISBN: 0813919320 (pbk. : alk. paper); 0813919312 (alk. paper) (Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 2000).

Davenport, T. R. H., The transfer of power in South Africa ISBN: 0864864108 (Cape Town: David Philip Publishers, 1998).

De Klerk, F. W., The last trek, a new beginning : the autobiography ISBN: 0333753100 (pbk); 0333732642 (London: Pan, 2000)

Gelb, Stephen, South Africa's economic crisis ISBN: 1856490238 (bk (Zed)); 185649022X (Zed); 0864861494 (bk (David Philip)) (London: Zed, 1991).

Giliomee, Hermann, 'Surrender without Defeat: Afrikaners and the South African "Miracle"', Daedalus. ISSN: 0011-5266, 126 (1997), 113-146.

Giliomee, Hermann, 'Democratization in South Africa', Political science quarterly. ISSN: 0032-3195, 110 (1995), 83-104.

Greenberg, Stanley B., Legitimating the illegitimate : state, markets, and resistance in South Africa ISBN: 0520060105 (alk. paper); 0520060113 (pbk), (Berkeley: London: University of California Press, 1987).

Iliffe, J. ‘The South African economy, 1652-1997,’ The economic history review. ISSN: 0013-0117, 52 (1999), 87-103.

Johnson, R. W., and Lawrence Schlemmer, Launching democracy in South Africa : the first open election, April 1994 ISBN: 0300063911 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1996).

Klug, Heinz, Constituting democracy : law, globalism, and South Africa's political reconstruction ISBN: 0521786436 (pbk.); 0521781132 (hardback) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000).

Lodge, Tom. ‘The Southern African Post-Colonial State,’ Commonwealth & comparative politics. ISSN: 0306-3631, 36 (1998), 20-47.

Mandela, Nelson, Long walk to freedom : the autobiography of Nelson Mandela. ISBN: 0349106533 (pbk) (Abacus, 1994), part 11.  

Moll, T., ‘Did the Apartheid economy fail?,’ Journal of Southern African studies. ISSN: 0305-7070, 17 (1991), 271–91.

Reynolds, Andrew, ed., Election '99: South Africa : from Mandela to Mbeki ISBN: 0312228716 (St. Martin's pbk); 0852558252; 0864864051 (David Philip); 0312228708 (St. Martin's cased) (New York: St. Martin's, 1999).

Reynolds, Andrew, ed., Election '94 South Africa : the campaigns, results and future prospects ISBN: 0864862768 (David Philip); 0312123752 (St. Martin's Press); 0852553889 (James Currey) (New York: St. Martin's, 1994).

Webster, Edward, and Glenn Adler, ‘Toward a Class Compromise in South Africa's 'Double Transition': Bargained Liberalization and the Consolidation of Democracy,’ Politics and society. ISSN: 0032-3292, 27 (1999), 347-85.

Concluding Seminar: (Seminar 11)

Gumede, G., ‘South Africa: Jacob Zuma and the Difficulties of Consolidating South Africa's Democracy,’ African affairs. ISSN: 0001-9909, 107 (2008), 261-271.

Lodge, Tom Mandela : a critical life ISBN: 0192805681 (alk. paper) : £14.99; 9780192805683 (alk. paper) : £14.99 (2006), pp. 204-225

Lodge, Tom. ‘The Southern African Post-Colonial State,’ Commonwealth & comparative politics. ISSN: 0306-3631, 36 (1998), 20-47.

Nixon, Rob, ‘Mandela, Messianism, and the Media’, Transition, 51 (1991), 42-55, (A pdf copy can be found on Minerva).

Ndlovu, Sifiso Mxolisi ‘Mandela’s Presidential Years: An Africanist View’, in Rita Barnard ed.,The Cambridge Companion to Nelson Mandela, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014), pp. 182-204

Suttner, Raymond, ‘(Mis)Understanding Nelson Mandela’, in African historical review. ISSN: 1753-2523, 39, 2 (2007), 107-130, (A pdf copy can be found on Minerva).

Webster, Edward, and Glenn Adler, ‘Toward a Class Compromise in South Africa's 'Double Transition': Bargained Liberalization and the Consolidation of Democracy,’ Politics and society. ISSN: 0032-3292, 27 (1999), 347-85

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Additional Primary Source Material:

Primary Sources:

Mbeki, Govan, Learning from Robben Island : the prison writings of Govan Mbeki. ISBN: 0821410075 (OhioUniversity Press : pbk.); 0852663660 (Currey); 0864861664 (DavidPhilip); 0821410067 (OhioUniversity Press) (London: Currey, 1991).

Mokgatle, Naboth, The autobiography of an unknown South African. ISBN: 0900966203 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971).

Nkrumah, Kwame, Ghana : the autobiography of Kwame Nkrumah ISBN: 0901787345, Africa's best 100 books edn (London: Panaf, 2002).

Edited primary collections:

Mandela, Nelson, Conversations with myself ISBN: 9780230755949 (pbk.) : £14.99; 0230755941 (pbk.) : £14.99 (London: Pan, 2011)

Johns, Sheridan and R. Hunt Davis Jr., Mandela, Tambo, and the African National Congress : the struggle against apartheid, 1948-1990 : a documentary survey ISBN: 0195057848 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991)

Websites (consulted December 2017):

Nelson Mandela foundation, includes extensive archival material:

http://www.nelsonmandela.org/index.php

https://www.google.com/culturalinstitute/beta/partner/nelson-mandela-centre-of-memory

‘The Making of Long Walk to Freedom’:

https://www.nelsonmandela.org/uploads/files/LWTF_Timeline.pdf

African National Congress website (contains copies of Freedom Charter, ANC Manifestos etc.):

https://www.anc1912.org.za/

Unedited version of Long Walk to Freedom:

https://www.nelsonmandela.org/images/uploads/LWOM.pdf 

Rian Malan, ‘What a lost prison manuscript reveals about the real Nelson Mandela’, Spectator Magazine, 18th January 2014:

http://www.spectator.co.uk/features/9116391/the-mandela-files/

Biography on the Nobel Prize website:

http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1993/mandela-bio.html

‘Mandela: An Audio History’, National Public Radio

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=1851882

‘Nelson Mandela: prisoner, president, peacemaker’, CBC Digital Archives:

http://www.cbc.ca/archives/categories/politics/international-politics/nelson-mandela-prisoner-president-peacemaker/topic---nelson-mandela-prisoner-president-peacemaker.html  

Discussion group about South Africa:

http://www.h-net.org/~safrica/

Films:

A selection of the numerous documentaries and films about Nelson Mandela:

The Rivonia Trial, Robin Day, 1964 (documentary)

Nelson Mandela: Free at last, Ingrid Gavshon, 1990 (documentary)

Viva Mandela, Paul Lemkin, 1990 (documentary)

Inauguration of Nelson Mandela, SABC, 1994 (film)

Mandela, Angus Gibson, Joe Menell, 1995 (documentary)

Death of Apartheid: Mandela’s Fight for Freedom, Mick Gold, Stephen Clark, 1995 (novel and documentary)

Speeches of Nelson Mandela, Denis Mueller, 1995 (documentary)

Mandela: Son of Africa, Father of a Nation, Joe Menell, 1996

Mandela and De Klerk, Joseph Sargent, 1997 (documentary)

The Man who drove with Mandela, Greta Schiller, 1998 (film)

Madiba Star of Hope, Nyana Molete, 1998 (film)

Hero For All: Nelson Mandela’s Farewell, Danny Schechter, 1999 (film)

Mandela: Man of Vision, Avery Brooks, 1999 (film)

Amandla! [videorecording] : a revolution in four-part harmony, Lee Hirsch, 2002 (documentary)

Mandela The Living Legend, Dominic Allan, 2004 (documentary)

Accused # 1: Nelson Mandela, BBC, 2004 (documentary)

Madiba: The Life and Times of Nelson Mandela, Robin Benger, 2004 (film)

Goodbye Bafana, Bille August, 2007 (novel and film)

Nelson Mandela In His Own Words, 2008 (documentary)

Invictus, Clint Eastwood, 2010 (novel and film)

Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom, Justin Chadwick, 2013 (film)

This list was last updated on 17/01/2018