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HIST1300
B. Seebohm Rowntree and Social Investigation Reading List

Primary Sources for the Historian: An Introduction to Documentary study, 2019/20, Semester 2
Professor Stephen Alford
S.Alford@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Required Materials

Rowntree, B. Seebohm, Poverty: A Study of Town Life (Bristol: Policy Press, 2000 [1901])

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Other works by B. Seebohm Rowntree

Rowntree, B. Seebohm (ed.), Betting & gambling, a national evil (London: Macmillan, 1905) [available online via archive.org]

Rowntree, B. Seebohm and B. Lasker, Unemployment : a social study (London: Macmillan, 1911) [available online via archive.org]

Rowntree, B. Seebohm, The human needs of labour (London: Nelson, 1918)

Rowntree, B. Seebohm, Poverty and progress : a second social survey of York (London: Longmans, 1941)

Rowntree, B. Seebohm and G. R. Lavers, Poverty and the welfare state : a third social survey of York dealing only with economic questions (London: Longmans, 1951)

Rowntree, B. Seebohm, English life and leisure : a social study. (London: Longmans, 1951)

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Other Primary Sources

Booth, C., Life and labour of the people in London (London: Macmillan, 1889-1903), 17 volumes. [available online via archive.org]

Booth, W., In darkest England, and, the way out (Salvation Army, 1890) [available online via http://thesalvationarmyng.org/ebboks/booth_darkest_england.pdf ]

Bosanquet, H, D., Social work in London 1869 to 1912 : a history of the Charity Organisation Society (Brighton: Harvester, 1914, rep. 1973)[available online via archive.org]

Bowley, A. L., Livelihood and poverty : a study in the economic conditions of working-class households in Northampton, Warrington, Stanley and Reading , Warrington, Stanley and Reading (London: G. Bells & Sons, 1915). [available online via archive.org]

Chadwick, Edwin, Report on the sanitary condition of the labouring population of Great Britain, ed. by M. W. Flinn (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1965 [1842])

Engels, Friedrich, The condition of the working-class in England in 1844 : with a preface written in 1892 (London: Allen & Unwin, 1892)

Keating, P. (ed.),  Into unknown England, 1866-1913 : selections from the social explorers  (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1976)

Mayhew, H., London Labour and the London Poor , Vol. 1-4, with a new introduction by John D. Rosenberg, (London: Constable, 1968) [available online via archive.org]

Mearns, Andrew, The bitter cry of outcast London [electronic resource] : an inquiry into the condition of the abject poor (London: J Clarke & Co, 1883). [available online through the library catalogue]

Rowntree, J., and A. Sherwell, The Temperance Problem and Social Reform , 7th edn, (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1899) [available online via archive.org]

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Background Reading

These texts provide a good introduction to the period, and some of the main themes and concepts covered in the module. Detailed instructions for weekly readings will be provided in the VLE.

Briggs, A., A Social History of England (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1987)

Daunton, M., Wealth and welfare : an economic and social history of Britain, 1851-1951 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007)

Fraser, Derek, The evolution of the British welfare state : a history of social policy since the Industrial Revolution (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1984)

Royale, E., Modern Britain [electronic resource] : a social history, 1750-2011 (London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2012). [available electronically through the library catalogue]. Part 4: ‘Poverty and Welfare’, 187-263

Searle, G. R., A new England? : peace and war, 1886-1918 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2004). Particularly Part 6: ‘The Social Question’, pp.172-202 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva and Part 11: ‘The Liberal Party and Social Welfare Politics’, 366-406

Thompson, F. M. L., The Cambridge social history of Britain 1750-1950 . Vol. II. People and their environment (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1900)

Trevor, M., An economic and social history of Britain, 1760-1990 (Harlow: Longman, 1996)

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York

Armstrong, W. A., ‘The interpretation of the Census enumerators’ books for Victorian towns’ in H. Dyos, (ed.) The study of urban history : the proceedings of an international round-table conference of the Urban History Group at Gilbert Murray Hall, University of Leicester on 23-26 September 1966 (New York: St Martin’s Press, 1968)

Armstrong, A., Stability and change in an English county town : a social study of York 1801-51 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981)

Feinstein, C., (ed.) York 1831-1981 : 150 years of scientific endeavour and social change (York: Williams Sessions, 1981)

Finnegan, F., Poverty and prejudice : a study of Irish immigrants in York, 1840-1875 (Cork: Cork University Press, 1982)

Finnegan, F., Poverty and Prostitution: a study of Victorian prostitutes in York (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1979).

Nuttgens P. & B., ‘Twentieth Century York’ in P. Nuttgens, (ed.) The history of York : from earliest times to the year 2000 (Pickering: Blackthorn Press, 2001)

Tillot, P. M., A History of the County of York: The City of York (Victoria County History, 1961). [Available online via British History online] “Modern York”, 254 – 310  http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx? compid=36355

Royale, E., ‘Nineteenth Century York’ in P. Nuttgens, (ed.) The history of York : from earliest times to the year 2000 (Pickering: Blackthorn Press, 2001)

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B. Seebohm Rowntree and the Rowntree Family

Briggs, A., Social thought and social action : a study of the work of Seebohm Rowntree 1871-1954 (London: Longmans, 1961)

Drinkwater, R. W., ‘Seebohm Rowntree’s contribution to the study of poverty’, Yorkshire Bulletin of Economic and Social Research. , 11:2 (1959), 125-33

Fitzgerald, R., Rowntree and the marketing revolution, 1862-1969 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995)

Kennedy, T. C., British Quakerism, 1860-1920 : the transformation of a religious community (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001)

Packer, I., ‘Religion and the New Liberalism: the Rowntree family, Quakerism and social reform’, The journal of British studies. , 42:2 (2003), 236-57

“Rowntree (Benjamin) Seebohm”, Oxford dictionary of national biography : from the earliest times to the year 2000 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004 [Online edition 2005]

“Rowntree, Joseph (1836-1925”, Oxford dictionary of national biography : from the earliest times to the year 2000 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004) [online edition 2005]

Taylor, B., ‘The emergence of the confectionary industry in York’ in E. White, (ed.) Feeding a city : York : the provision of food from Roman times to the beginning of the twentieth century (Totnes: Prospect Books, 2000),213-30. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Wagner, G., The chocolate conscience (London: Chatto and Windus, 1987)

Wallace, W., ‘A tribute to the life and work of Seebohm Rowntree’, Yorkshire Bulletin of Economic and Social Research. , 11:2 (1959), 109-15

Walvin, J., The Quakers : money and morals (London: John Murray, 1997)

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Poverty and the working class

Benson, John (ed.), The working class in England 1875-1914 (London: Croom Helm, 1985)

Englander, David, Poverty and poor law reform in Britain : from Chadwick to Booth, 1834-1914 (London: Longman, 1998)

Himmelfarb, Gertrude, The idea of poverty : England in the early industrial age (London: Faber, 1984)

Himmelfarb, Gertrude, Poverty and compassion : the moral imagination of the late Victorians  (New York: Knopf, 1991)

Kidd, Alan J., State, society and the poor in nineteenth-century England. (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1999)

McKibben, Ross, The Ideologies of Class: Social Relations in Britain 1880-1950 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991)

Rose, Michael E., The English Poor Law, 1780-1930 (Newton Abbot: David & Charles, 1971)

Rose, Michael E., The relief of poverty, 1834-1914 (London: Macmillan, 1972)

Rose, Michael E., The poor and the city : the English poor law in its urban context, 1834-1914 (Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1985)

Welshman, John, Underclass : a history of the excluded, 1880-2000 (London: Hambledon Continuum, 2006)

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Social Investigation and Social Explorers

Bulmer, M., K. Bales and K. K. Sklar, ‘The social survey in historical perspective’ in M. Bulmer, K. Bales and K. K. Sklar, The social survey in historical perspective 1880-1940 , ( Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991), 1-48

Dyos, H. J., ‘The Slums of Victorian London’, Victorian studies. 11:1 (1967)

Gaskell, S. M. ‘Introduction’ in S. M. Gaskell, (ed.) Slums (Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1990)

Hennock, E. P., ‘Concepts of poverty in the British social surveys from Charles Booth to Arthur Bowley’ in M. Bulmer, K. Bales and K. K. Sklar (eds.), The social survey in historical perspective 1880-1940 , (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991), 189-216 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Hennock, E. P., ‘The measurement of urban poverty: from the metropolis to the nation, 1880-1920’, The economic history review. , 40:2 (1987), 208 – 227

Joyce, S., ‘Victorian Continuities: early British sociology and the welfare of the state’, in A. Anderson and J. Valente, (eds.) Disciplinarity at the fin de siècle (Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2002), 261 – 282 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Koven, S., Slumming: sexual and social politics in Victorian London (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006),

Mayne, A., The imagined slum : newspaper representation in three cities, 1870-1914 (Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1993)

McGregor, O. R., ‘Social Research and Social Policy in the Nineteenth Century’, The British journal of sociology. , 8:2 (1957), 146-157

Meacham, S., Toynbee Hall and social reform, 1880-1914 : the search for community (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1987)

McKibben, R., ‘Social Class and Social Observation in Edwardian England’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. , 28 (1978), 175-199

Keating, P., (ed.) Into unknown England, 1866-1913 : selections from the social explorers (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1976)

Stedman Jones, G., Outcast London: a study in the relationship between classes in Victorian society (London: Penguin, 1976)

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Rowntree and Poverty: a study of town life

Bowpitt, G., ‘Poverty and its early critics: the search for a value-free definition of the problem’, in J. Bradshaw and R. Sainsbury, (eds.) Getting the measure of poverty : the early legacy of Seebohm Rowntree (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000), 23-38

Briggs, A., ‘Seebohm Rowntree’s Poverty: a study of town life in historical perspective’ in J. Bradshaw and R. Sainsbury, (eds.) Getting the measure of poverty : the early legacy of Seebohm Rowntree (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000), 5-22 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva

Dorling, D., ‘Book Reviews: Poverty: A Study of Town Life. Centennial edition’, International Journal of Epidemiology. , 31: 2 (2002), pp.505-506

Drinkwater, R. W., ‘Seebohm Rowntree’s contribution to the study of poverty’, Yorkshire Bulletin of Economic and Social Research. , 11:2 (1959), 152-33

Freeman, M., ‘Seebohm Rowntree and Secondary Poverty, 1899-1954’, The economic history review. , 64: 4 (2011), 1175-1194

Green, S. D. J., ‘Social Science and the Discovery of a ‘Post-Protestant People’: Rowntree’s Surveys of York and their other legacy’, Northern history. , 45: 1 (2008), 87-109

Harris, B., ‘Seebohm Rowntree and the measurement of poverty, 1899-1951’ in J. Bradshaw and R. Sainsbury, (eds.) Getting the measure of poverty : the early legacy of Seebohm Rowntree (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2000), 60-84

Huby, M., J. Bradshaw and A. Corden, A study of town life : living standards in the city of York 100 years after Rowntree (York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation, 1999)

Linsley, C. A and C. L. Linsley, ‘Booth, Rowntree and Llewelyn Smith: A Reassessment of Interwar Poverty’, The economic history review. , 46: 1 (1993), 88-104

Veit-Wilson, J. H., ‘Paradigms of poverty: a rehabilitation of B. S. Rowntree’, Journal of social policy. , 15: 4 (1986), 503-7

This list was last updated on 09/12/2014