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HIST1300
Mr Fernández-Aceves - The History of the Tyrants of Sicily by ‘Hugo Falcandus’

Primary Sources for the Historian: An Introduction to Documentary study, 2019/20, Semester 2
Professor Stephen Alford
S.Alford@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

[A] Main source text:

Loud, G.A., and T. Wiedemann, trans., The History of the Tyrants of Sicily by ‘Hugo Falcandus,’ 1154-69 , Manchester Medieval Sources Series (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1998).

This is available both in print version, shelf mark Modern History F-10 HUG, and online via Medieval Sources Online, both on- and off-campus.


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[B] Introductory Readings:

Houben, H ., Roger II of Sicily: A Ruler between East and West , trans. by G.A. Loud (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002).

Houts, Elizabeth Van, The Normans in Europe (Manchester University Press, 2000), pp. 223-78.

Loud, G.A., ‘Southern Italy in the Eleventh Century’, in The New Cambridge Medieval History , ed. by D. Luscombe and J. Riley-Smith, 4 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004), pp. 94–119.

———, ‘Norman Sicily in the Twelfth Century’, in The New Cambridge Medieval History , ed. by D. Luscombe and J. Riley-Smith, 4 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004), pp. 442–74.

———, ‘The Image of the Tyrant in the Work of “Hugo Falcandus”’, ed. by J. Barrow, J. Martin, and R. Lutton, Nottingham Medieval Studies  57 (2013), 1–20.

Loud, G.A. and A. Metcalfe, eds., The Society of Norman Italy , (Leiden: Brill, 2002), especially pp. 97-184, 253-340.

Norwich, J.J., The Normans in Sicily (London: Penguin, 1992).

Takayama, H., The Administration of the Norman Kingdom of Sicily , (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1993), especially pp. 73–133.

Wieruszowski, H. ‘Roger II of Sicily. Rex tyrannus in twelfth-century political thought’, Speculum 38 (1963), 46–78.



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[C] Tutorial topics:

Optional readings are marked with an asterisk (*).


1. Introduction to the module and topic

Text: pp. 55-6.

Houts, Elizabeth Van, The Normans in Europe (Manchester University Press, 2000), pp. 223-30.

‘Introduction,’ in The history of the tyrants of Sicily by 'Hugo Falcandus', 1154-69, (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1998), pp. 1-13.

Loud, G.A., ‘Norman Sicily in the Twelfth Century’, in The new Cambridge medieval history. Vol. 4. Pts 1 and 2, c.1024-c.1198 , ed. by D. Luscombe and J. Riley-Smith, 4 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004), pp. 442–74


2. The voices preceding Falcandus: Alexander of Telse and Falco of Benevento

*Brown, T. S. ‘The political use of the past in Norman Sicily’, in The perception of the past in twelfth-century Europe , ed. P. Magdalino (London, 1992), pp. 191–210.

Loud, G.A., Roger II and the creation of the Kingdom of Sicily (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2012).


3. The new kingdom of Sicily: a cruel tranquillity?

Text: pp. 56-62.

Houben, H., Roger II of Sicily : a ruler between East and West, trans. by G.A. Loud (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002), pp. 60-75.

*Loud, G.A., ‘The Image of the Tyrant in the Work of “Hugo Falcandus”’, ed. by J. Barrow, J. Martin, and R. Lutton, Nottingham medieval studies. 57 (2013), 1–20.

Wieruszowski, H. ‘Roger II of Sicily. Rex tyrannus in twelfth-century political thought’, Speculum. 38 (1963), 46–78.


4. Maio of Bari’s rise and fall

Text: pp. 62-98.

‘Introduction,’ in The history of the tyrants of Sicily by 'Hugo Falcandus', 1154-69, (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1998), pp. 13-28

Metcalfe, A., The Muslims of medieval Italy (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2009), pp. 182-4.


5. Rebellious nobility, conspiracy, and Matthew Bonellus

Text: pp. 81-124, and 228–39 [Romuald of Salerno, Chronicon sive Annales].

Jamison, E.M., ‘The Norman Administration of Apulia and Capua: More Especially Under Roger II and William I, 1127-1166’, Papers of the British School at Rome. 6 (1913), 211–481, pp. 259-64.


6. External threats to the kingdom. Imperial invasion and the loss of Africa

Text: pp. 65-81, 248-52 [Treaty of Benevento], and 222-8, 234-37 [Romuald of Salerno, Chronicon sive Annales].

*The chronicle of Ibn al-Athīr for the crusading period from al-Kāmil fīʼl-taʼrīkh: The Years 541-589/1146-1193 - The Age of Nur Al--Din and Saladin,  Richards, D.S., trans. (Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., 2010), pp. 76-7.

*The Deeds of Frederick Barbarossa, by Otto of Freising and his Continuator Rahewin , Mierow, C.C., ed. (New York: Columbia University Press, 1953), pp.37-8, 165-7.

The Deeds of John and Manuel Comnenus, by John Kinnamos , Brand, C.M., trans. (New York: Columbia University Press, 1953), pp. 106-28


7. Assessing William I’s kingship

Text: pp. 124-39, and 238-9 [Romuald of Salerno, Chronicon sive Annales].

Houben, H., Roger II of Sicily : a ruler between East and West, trans. by G.A. Loud (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002), pp. 166-72.

Loud, G.A., ‘William the Bad or William the Unlucky? Kingship in Sicily 1154-1166’, The Haskins Society journal. 8 (1999), 99–113.


8. The chancellor and the king’s Familiares : a fickle royal court?

Text: pp. 140-218, and 241-3 [Romuald of Salerno, Chronicon sive Annales].

Takayama, H., The administration of the Norman kingdom of Sicily, (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1993), pp. 95–169, especially pp. 98–102, 115–24.


9. Caids , eunuchs, and Saracens: a ‘tolerant’ kingdom?

Text: pp. 78-80, 109-10, 120-2, 128-31, 134-7, 139, 142-7, 158, 166-70, 198.

Houben, H., ‘Religious Toleration in the South Italian Peninsula during the Norman and Staufen Periods’, in The society of Norman Italy , ed. by A. Metcalfe and G.A. Loud (Leiden: Brill, 2002), pp. 319–40.

Johns, J., Arabic administration in Norman Sicily : the royal dīwān, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002), pp. 212, 247-56.

*Metcalfe, A., The Muslims of medieval Italy (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2009), pp. 172-5, 184-208.


10. Issues of authorship

D’Angelo, E., The Pseudo-Hugh Falcandus in his own texts, in Anglo-Norman Studies 35: Proceedings of the Battle Conference, 2012 (Boydell Press, 2013), pp.141-61.

*Hood, G.E., “Falcandus and Fulcaudus, Epistola ad Petrum, Liber de Regno Sicilie. Literary form and author's identity” In:  Studi medievali. 40 (1999), 1–41.

‘Introduction,’ in The history of the tyrants of Sicily by 'Hugo Falcandus', 1154-69, (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1998), pp. 28-50.

Jamison, E.M., Admiral Eugenius of Sicily : his life and work, and the authorship of the Epistola ad Petrum and the Historia Hugonis Falcandi Siculi. (London: Oxford University Press, 1957), pp.191-218, *233-77.


11. Manuscript tradition: the sources of the source

‘Introduction,’ in The history of the tyrants of Sicily by 'Hugo Falcandus', 1154-69, (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1998), pp. 50-1.

Jamison, E.M., Admiral Eugenius of Sicily : his life and work, and the authorship of the Epistola ad Petrum and the Historia Hugonis Falcandi Siculi. (London: Oxford University Press, 1957), pp. 182-190.

This list was last updated on 21/01/2015