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HIST1300
Ms Dani Coombs - Thomas Paine's Rights of Man

Primary Sources for the Historian: An Introduction to Documentary study, 2019/20, Semester 2
Professor Stephen Alford
S.Alford@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Primary Sources for the Historian: An Introduction to Documentary Study, 2013/14, Semester 2

On this page:

Set text

Class reading

Week 1: Introductions

Week 2: The Rights of Man

Week 3: Thomas Paine and his world, c.1760-1840

Week 4: Edmund Burke and Thomas Paine

Week 5: Paine and the debate about British history

Week 6: A history of the French Revolution?

Week 7: Reforming society

Week 8: Political philosophy – constitutions, power and the Enlightenment

Week 9: Popular radicalism and the conservative reaction

Week 10: Sources related to the Rights of Man

Week 11: Conclusion and revision

Set text

Before the module start you should purchase:

Thomas Paine, Rights of man (Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1984) ISBN 978-0140390155

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Class reading

Alongside reading the text you must read the item(s) listed in the Set Reading section for each week. The Further Reading is listed for you to use to enhance your knowledge and prepare yourself for essays and the examination.

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Week 1: Introductions

This class will consider how to study documents, and give you the chance to handle original copies of the text.

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Week 2: The Rights of Man

This class will look at the ideas presented in the Rights of Man and provide a general overview of the work.

Set reading

The Introduction and sample section from Rights of Man .

Further reading

Ford, Karen, ‘The life and ideas of Thomas Paine’, Politics review. , 7 (1997), 27-30

Philp, Mark, Paine (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989)

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Week 3: Thomas Paine and his world, c.1760-1840

The class will focus on the political and social context of Britain in the late eighteenth century and the impact of the French Revolution on Britain, and Paine himself.

You'll need to read one item from the set reading, and your presentation group should aim to cover as much of the material as possible.

Set reading

British society and politics before 1790

'parliamentary reform', in A dictionary of British history [electronic resource] , ed. by John Cannon, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001)

Cannon, John, Parliamentary reform, 1640-1832 (London: Cambridge University Press, 1972)

Derry, John, Politics in the age of Fox, Pitt and Liverpool (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2001); chapters 1 and 2.

Dickinson, H. T., The politics of the people in eighteenth-century Britain (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1995); chapter 7

Dinwiddy, J. R., Radicalism and reform in Britain, 1780-1850 (London: Hambledon, 1992); chapter 1

O'Gorman, Frank, The long eighteenth century : British political and social history, 1688-1832 (London: Arnold, 1997); chapters 8, 9 and 11

Prest, Wilfrid, Albion ascendant : English history, 1660-1815 (Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 1998); chapter 17

Rule, John, Albion's people : English society, 1714-1815 (London: Longman, 1992); chapter 5

Thompson, E. P., The making of the English working class (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1991); chapter 5

Thorne, R. G., The House of Commons, 1790-1820 (London: Published for the History of Parliament Trust by Secker and Warburg, 1986), vol. 1

Williams, Glyn and John Ramsden, Ruling Britannia : a political history of Britain, 1688-1988 (London: Longman, 1990); chapter 8

Reaction to the French Revolution in Britain

Claeys, Gregory, The French Revolution debate in Britain : the origins of modern politics (Basingstoke [England]; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007)

Claeys, Gregory, ‘The French revolution debate and British political thought’, History of political thought. , 11 (1990), 59-80

Dickinson, H. T. (ed.), A companion to eighteenth-century Britain (Oxford: Blackwell, 2002); chapters 12-15

Emsley, Clive, Britain and the French Revolution (Harlow: Longman, 2000)

Evans, Chris, Debating the revolution : Britain in the 1790s (London: Tauris, 2006)

Macleod, Emma Vincent, A war of ideas : British attitudes to the wars against revolutionary France, 1792-1802 (Aldershot: Ashgate, 1998)

O'Gorman, Frank, The long eighteenth century : British political and social history, 1688-1832 (London: Arnold, 1997); chapters 8, 9 and 11

Royle, Edward, Revolutionary Britannia : reflections on the threat of revolution in Britain, 1789-1848 (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2001); chapter 1

Thompson, E. P., The Making of the English Working Class (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1991); chapter 5

Wright, D.G., Popular radicalism : the working class experience, 1780-1880 (London: Longman, 1998)

Thomas Paine's life

Andrews, Stuart, ‘Tom Paine in France’, History today. , 33 (1983), 5-11 e-journal

Collins, Paul, The trouble with Tom : the strange afterlife and times of Thomas Paine (London: Bloomsbury, 2006)

Dickinson, H. T., ‘Thomas Paine’, History. , 81 (1996), 228-37 e-journal

Dyck, Ian, Citizen of the world : essays on Thomas Paine (London; New York: Christopher Helm, 1987); chapters 1-3 and 7

Everton, Michael, '"The Would-Be-Author and the Real Bookseller": Thomas Paine and Eighteenth-Century Printing Ethics', Early American literature. , 40.1 (2005), 79-110 e-journal

Nelson, Craig, Thomas Paine : enlightenment, revolution, and the birth of modern nations (London: Profile Books, 2007)

Philp, Mark, ‘Paine, Thomas (1737-1809)’, in Oxford dictionary of national biography : from the earliest times to the year 2000 , ed. by H.C.G. Matthew and Brian Harrison, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004); available online

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Week 4: Edmund Burke and Thomas Paine

In the Rights of Man , Paine makes many references to Edmund Burke's Reflections on the Revolution in France . The class will examine the relationship between the two works and introduce you the ‘pamphlet war’.

Set reading

Paul Langford, ‘Burke, Edmund (1729/30-1797)’, in Oxford dictionary of national biography : from the earliest times to the year 2000 , ed. by H.C.G. Matthew and Brian Harrison, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004); available online

Goodrich, Amanda, 'Surveying the Ebb and Flow of Pamphlet Warfare: 500 Rival Tracts from Radicals and Loyalists in Britain, 1790-1796', Journal for eighteenth-century studies. , 30 (2008), 1-12 e-journal

Further reading

Butler, Marilyn (ed.), Burke, Paine, Godwin, and the revolution controversy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1984)

Burke, Edmund, Reflections on the Revolution in France (New Haven, Conn.; London: Yale University Press, 2004)

Blakemore, Steven, Intertextual war : Edmund Burke and the French Revolution in the writings of Mary Wollstonecraft, Thomas Paine, and James Mackintosh (Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press; London: Associated University Presses, c1997); chapter 4

Blakemore, Steven, ‘Burke and the Fall of Language: The French Revolution as Linguistic Event’, Eighteenth-century studies. , 17 (1984), 284-307 e-journal

Claeys, Gregory, ‘Republicanism versus commercial society: Paine, Burke, and the French Revolution debate’, Bulletin of the Society for the Study of Labour History. , 54 (1989), 4-13 e-journal

Goodrich, Amanda, Debating England's aristocracy in the 1790s : pamphlets, polemics and political ideas (Woodbridge: Boydell & Brewer, 2005)

Harris, Ian, ‘Paine and Burke: God, nature and politics’, in Public and private doctrine : essays in British history presented to Maurice Cowling , ed. by Michael Bentley, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993), pp. 34-62

Hodson, Jane, Language and revolution in Burke, Wollstonecraft, Paine, and Godwin (Aldershot, England; Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2007)

Hitchens, Christopher, Thomas Paine's rights of man : a biography (London: Atlantic, 2006)

Lock, F.P., Edmund Burke (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998)

Pendleton, G. T.,‘Towards a bibliography of the Reflections and Rights of Man controversy’, Bulletin of Research in the Humanities , 85 (1982), 65-103 

Whale, John C., ‘Literal and symbolic representations: Burke, Paine and the French Revolution’, History of European ideas. , 16 (1993), 343-9 e-journal

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Week 5: Paine and the debate about British history

This session will focus on the accounts of various episodes in British history that are provided in the Rights of Man, and four in particular were considered to be important by contemporaries in the political development of Britain.

Set reading

One from the following:

Aldridge, A. Owen, Thomas Paine's American ideology (Newark: University of Delaware Press; London: Associated University Presses, c1984); part 1

Bonwick, Colin, English radicals and the American Revolution (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, c1977); chapter 1.

Bonwick, Colin, The American Revolution (Basingstoke, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005)

Brewer, J., ‘English radicalism in the age of George III’, in Three British revolutions : 1641, 1688, 1776 , ed. by J.G.A. Pocock, (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, c1980), pp. 323-367

Burrow, J.W., Whigs and liberals : continuity and change in English political thought (Oxford: Clarendon Press; New York: Oxford University Press, 1988); chapter 3

Chibnall, Marjorie, The debate on the Norman Conquest (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1999); chapter 3

Foner, Eric, Tom Paine and Revolutionary America (New York: Oxford University Press, 1976)

Hill, Christopher, ‘The Norman Yoke’, in Puritanism and revolution : studies in interpretation of the English Revolution of the 17th century , ed. by Christopher Hill, (London: Secker and Warburg, 1958), pp. 58-125 [esp. 98-119]

Philp, Mark, ‘Burke and Paine: texts in context’, Enlightenment and dissent. , 9 (1990), 93-105

Thomas, Peter D.G., Revolution in America : Britain and the colonies, 1763-1776 (Cardiff: University of Wales, 1992)

Trevor-Roper, Hugh and Baron Dacre Redwald, 'Epilogue: the Glorious revolution’, in The Anglo-Dutch moment: Essays on the Glorious Revolution and its world impact , ed. by Jonathan Irvine Israel, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991), pp. 481-94.

Vann, Richard T., ‘The Free Anglo-Saxons: A Historical Myth’, Journal of the history of ideas. , 19 (1958), 259-272 e-journal

Smith, R. J., The Gothic Bequest : medieval institutions in British thought, 1688-1863 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987); chapter 4

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Week 6: A history of the French Revolution?

Soon after the start of the French Revolution in 1789, authors began to commentate on the meaning and significance of events in France (and it continues to be debated by historians today). Paine was particularly concerned to redress what he considered inaccurate account of events and so this class will examine his writings on the events of Revolution.

Set Reading

Items in the VLE, or one of the following:

Blakemore, Steven, Intertextual war : Edmund Burke and the French Revolution in the writings of Mary Wollstonecraft, Thomas Paine, and James Mackintosh (Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press; London: Associated University Presses, c1997); chapter 5

Doyle, William, The Oxford history of the French Revolution (Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2002)

Forrest, Alan, The French Revolution (Oxford: Blackwell, 1995)

McPhee, Peter, The French Revolution, 1789-1799 (Oxford [England]; New York: Oxford University Press, 2002)

Popkin, Jeremy D., A short history of the French Revolution (Upper Saddle River, N.J. : Prentice Hall, c2010)

Rudé, George, The French Revolution (London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1988)

Claeys, Gregory, ‘Republicanism versus commercial society: Paine, Burke and the French Revolution debate’, History of European ideas. , 11 (1989), 313-24 e-journal

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Week 7: Reforming society

Alongside strident political ideas, Paine also commented on society and, in part 2, provided a detailed method for recasting society. The class will examine aspects of his radical critique of contemporary social conditions and look at Paine’s attitude to different ‘groups’ of people.

Set reading

One from the following, appropriate to your presentation topic.

Bradley, James E., Religion, revolution, and English radicalism : nonconformity in eighteenth-century politics and society (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, c1990)

Donnelly, F.K., ‘The Levellers and Early Nineteenth Century Radicalism’, Bulletin of the Society for the Study of Labour History. , 49 (1984), 24-28 e-journal

Dyck, Ian, ‘Local attachments, national identities and world citizenship in the thought of Thomas Paine’, History workshop journal. , 35 (1993), 117-35 e-journal

Fruchtman, Jack, ‘The revolutionary millennialism of Thomas Paine’, Studies in eighteenth-century culture. , 13 (1984), 65-77

Harling, Philip, ‘Rethinking “Old Corruption”’, Past & present. , 147 (1995), 127-58 e-journal

Harrison, J. F. C., ‘Thomas Paine and Millenarian Radicalism’, in Citizen of the world : essays on Thomas Paine , ed. by Ian Dyck, (London; New York, 1987), pp.73-85

Henriques, Ursula R. Q., Religious toleration in England, 1787-1833. (London, c1961)

Innes, Joanna, Inferior politics : social problems and social policies in eighteenth-century Britain (Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2009)

King, J. E. and J. Marangos, 'Two Arguments for Basic Income: Thomas Paine (1737-1809) and Thomas Spence (1750-1814)', History of Economic Ideas, 14.1 (2006), 55-72

Marangos, John, 'Thomas Paine (1737-1809) and Thomas Spence (1750-1814) on Land Ownership, Land Taxes and the Provision of Citizens' Dividend', International Journal of Social Economics , 35.5 (2008), 313-25 e-journal

Walker, T. C., ‘The Forgotten Prophet: Tom Paine's Cosmopolitanism and International Relations’, International studies quarterly. , 44 (2000), 51-72 e-journal

Williams, Michael, 'Visionaries and Sceptics: Tom Paine and Some Contemporaries', English Academy Review: Southern African Journal of English Studies, 27.1 (2010), 4-13

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Week 8: Political philosophy – constitutions, power and the Enlightenment

The enlightenment witnessed the application of reason to politics (amongst many other areas) and the Rights of Man formed part of a growing body of literature on politics and political power written in the Eighteenth Century. Not only did Paine utilise these works but he also drew on a longer radical tradition in Britain.

Set reading

One from the following:

Edwards, Pamela, ‘Political Ideas from Locke to Paine’ in A companion to eighteenth-century Britain , ed. by Harry Thomas Dickinson, (Oxford: Blackwell, 2002), pp. 294-310

Fruchtman, Jack, The political philosophy of Thomas Paine (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009)

Hampsher-Monk, Ian, A history of modern political thought : major political thinkers from Hobbes to Marx (Oxford: Blackwell, 1992)

Kates, Gary, ‘From Liberalism to Radicalism: Tom Paine’s Rights of Man’, Journal of the history of ideas. , 50 (1989), 569-587 e-journal

Kors, Alan Charles (ed.), Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment t (New York ; Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2002); see entry for ‘Natural Rights’ and other entries as appropriate.

Lamb, Robert, 'Liberty, Equality, and the Boundaries of Ownership : Thomas Paine's Theory of Property Rights', Review of Politics , 73 (2010), 483-512 e-journal

Ogden, H. V. S., ‘The State of Nature and the Decline of Lockian Political Theory in England, 1760-1800’, The American historical review. , 46 (1940), 21-44 e-journal

Philp, Mark, 'Enlightenment, Republicanism, and Radicalism' in The Enlightenment world , ed. by Martin Fitzpatrick, Peter Jones, Christa Knellwolf and Iain McCalman (Oxford : Routledge, 2004), pp. 457-472 Available online

Royle, Edward, 'Thomas Paine : What Was the Impact of Thomas Paine on Liberalism and Liberal Thought? ', Journal of Liberal History, 67 (2010)

Stromberg, Roland, An intellectual history of modern Europe (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, [1975])

Turner, J., ‘Burke, Paine, and the nature of language’, Yearbook of English studies. , 19 (1989), 36-53 e-journal

Whatmore, Richard, ‘“A gigantic manliness”: Paine’s republicanism in the 1790s’, in Economy, polity, and society : British intellectual history, 1750-1950 , ed. by Stefan Collini, Richard Whatmore, and Brian Young, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000), pp. 135–57

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Week 9: Popular radicalism and the conservative reaction

The Rights of Man was published during a period of polarisation in politics and this class will focus on both sides of the response from the upsurge in radical activity to the conservative reaction to Paine.

Set reading

Choose one item from the following list.

Graham, Jenny, The nation, the law and the king : reform politics in England, 1789-1799 (Lanham Md; New York: University Press of America, 2000) 

Navickas, Katrina, Loyalism and radicalism in Lancashire, 1798-1815 (Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2009)

Radicalism

A good place to start with this topic is Whatmore, R., 'British Radicalism in the 1790s', History of European ideas. , 31 (2005), 428-32 as it is a review article. e-journal

'Jacobin' and 'Levellers' in A dictionary of British history [electronic resource] , ed. by John Cannon, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001)

Archer, John E., Social unrest and popular protest in England, 1780-1840 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000)

Davis, Michael, 'The British Jacobins : Folk Devils in the Age of Counter-Revolution? ', in Moral panics, the media and the law in early modern England , ed. by David Lemmings and Claire Walker (Basingstoke; New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009), pp. 221-44

Dickinson, H.T., ‘Irish radicalism in the late eighteenth century’, History. , 82 (1997), 266-84 e-journal

Dickinson, H.T., British radicalism and the French Revolution 1789-1815 (Oxford: Blackwell, 1993)

Epstein, James and David Karr, 'Playing at Revolution: British "Jacobin" Performance', The journal of modern history. , 79 (2007), 495-530 e-journal

Hampsher-Monk, Iain, 'British Radicalism and the Anti-Jacobins', in The Cambridge History of Eighteenth-Century Political Thought , ed. by Mark Goldie and Robert Wolker, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006), pp. 660-87

Harvey, A. D., Britain in the early nineteenth century (London: Batsford, 1978); chapters 3, 5 and 6

Herzog, Don, Poisoning the minds of the lower orders (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, c1998)

Issitt, John, ‘A Network for Radical and Political Education in the 1790s’, Publishing history. , 54 (2003), 5-18 e-journal

Larkin, Edward, Thomas Paine and the literature of revolution (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010)

Thale, M., ‘London debating societies in the 1790s’, The historical journal. , 32 (1989), 57-86 e-journal

Parssinen, T. M., ‘Association, convention and anti-parliament in British radical politics, 1771-1848’, English historical review. , 88 (1973), 504-33 e-journal

Philp, Mark, ‘The fragmented Ideology of reform’, in The French Revolution and British popular politics , ed. by Mark Philp, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002), pp. 50-77

Roger, Philippe, 'Trading Words, Waging War: The Mystified Relationship between British Radicals and French "Révolutionnaires"', Huntington Library quarterly. , 63.3 (2000), 299-317 e-journal

Royle, Edward, English radicals and reformers, 1760-1848 (Brighton: Harvester, 1982)

Stevenson, John, ‘“Paineites to a man”? : The English popular radical societies in the 1790s’, Bulletin of the Society for the Study of Labour History. , 54.3 (1989), 14-25 e-journal

Thompson, E. P., The making of the English working class (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1991)

Wright, D. G., Popular radicalism : the working class experience, 1780-1880 (London: Longman, 1988); chapter 3.

Conservative reaction

Dickinson, H. T., The politics of the people in eighteenth-century Britain (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1995); chapter 8

Dinwiddy, John, ‘Interpretations of anti-Jacobinism’, in The French Revolution and British popular politics , ed. by Mark Philp, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002), pp. 38-49.

Dozier, Robert R., For king, constitution, and country : the English Loyalists and the French Revolution (Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, c1983).

Epstein, James, ‘“Our real constitution”: trial defence and radical memory in the Age of Revolution’, in Re-reading the constitution : new narratives in the political history of England's long nineteenth century , ed. by James Vernon, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996), pp. 22-51

Gilmartin, Kevin, 'The "Sinking Down" of Jacobinism and the Rise of the Counter-Revolutionary Man of Letters', in Romanticism and popular culture in Britain and Ireland , ed. by Philip Connell and Nigel Leask (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009), pp. 128-47

Harvey, A. D., Britain in the early nineteenth century (London: Batsford, 1978); chapter 7

Mori, Jennifer, ‘Responses to revolution: the November crisis of 1792’, Historical research. , 69 (170) (1996), 284-305 e-journal

O'Gorman, Frank, 'The Paine Burnings of 1792-1793', Past & present. .193 (2006), 111-55 e-journal

Philp, Mark, ‘Vulgar conservatism, 1792-3’, English historical review. , 110 (1995), 42-69 e-journal

Rogers, Nicholas, ‘Burning Tom Paine: loyalism and counter-revolution in Britain, 1792-1793’, Histoire sociale / Social history. , 32 (1999), 139-71 e-journal

Scheuermann, Mona, In praise of poverty : Hannah More counters Thomas Paine and the radical threat (Lexington KY: University Press of Kentucky, 2002)

Schofield, Thomas Philip, ‘Conservative political thought in Britain in response to the French Revolution’, The historical journal. , 29 (1986), 601-22 e-journal

Wagner, Corinna, 'Loyalist Propaganda and the Scandalous Life of Tom Paine: Hypocritical Monster!', Journal for eighteenth-century studies. , 28.1 (2008), 97-115 e-journal

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Week 10: Sources related to the Rights of Man

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Week 11: Conclusion and revision

This list was last updated on 27/01/2014