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HIST1300
The Military Orders

Primary Sources for the Historian: An Introduction to Documentary study, 2019/20, Semester 2
Professor Stephen Alford
S.Alford@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Abbreviations

MO:     Barber, M. et al., The military orders. , 6 vols (London: Routledge, 1994–2017) 

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Primary Source Collection

Barber, M. and Bate, K., eds and trans, The Templars (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2002).

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General Introductions

Arnold, U., 'Eight Hundred Years of the Teutonic Order', MO, Vol. 1, pp. 223–235.

Barber, M., The new knighthood : a history of the Order of the Temple ISBN: 0521420415 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012).

Forey, A., The Military Orders: From the Twelfth to the Early Fourteenth Centuries (Basingstoke: MacMillan, 1992).  

Jones, D., The Templars : the rise and fall of God's holy warriors ISBN: 9781781858905 (e-book) (London: Penguin, 2017).

Lawrence, C. H., Medieval Monasticism: Forms of Religious Life in Western Europe in the Middle Ages, 2nd ed. (London: Longman, 1989), Ch. 10.

Morton, N., The Medieval Military Orders, 1120–1314 (Routledge: London and New York, 2013).    

Morton N., Teutonic Knights in the Holy Land, 1190–1291 (Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2017).

Nicholson, H. J., 'The Changing Face of the Templars: Current Trends in Historiography', History compass. ISSN: 1478-0542 8/7 (2010): 653–67.

Nicholson, H. J., The Knights Hospitaller (Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2001).

Nicholson, H. J., The Knights Templar : a new history ISBN: 0750925175 (Stroud: Sutton, 2001).

Riley-Smith, J., The Knights Hospitaller in the Levantc.1070–1309 (Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan, 2012).

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Edited Collections

Borchart, K., Döring, K., Josserand, P. and Nicholson, H. J., The Templars and their sources ISBN: 9781138201903 hardback : alkaline paper (London: Routledge, 2017).

Barber, M. et al., The military orders. ISBN: 086078438X; 086078679X (v. 2 ; v. 1); 086078438X; 9780860784388 (v.1); 9780754662907 (v.3), 6 vols (London: Routledge, 1994–2017) 

Housley, N., ed., Knighthoods of Christ: Essays on the History of the Crusades and the Knights Templar, Presented to Malcolm Barber (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007).

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I Background

(a) The Church

Bull, M. 'The Confraternity of La Sauve-Majeure: A Foreshadowing of the Military Order?', in The Military Orders: Fighting for the Faith and Caring for the Sick, ed. by M. Barber (Farnham: Ashgate, 1994), pp. 313–9.

Cowdrey, H.E.J., The age of Abbot Desiderius : Montecassino, the Papacy, and the Normans in the eleventh and early twelfth centuries. (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1983).

Cowdrey, H.E.J., 'The Mahdia Campaign of 1087', English Historical Review, 92.362 (1977), 1–29.

Crawford, P. F., 'Gregory VII and the Idea of a Military-Religious Order', in Deeds done beyond the sea : essays on William of Tyre, Cyprus and the military orders presented to Peter Edbury (London and New York: Routledge, 2014), 171–80. 

Cushing, K.G., Reform and the papacy in the eleventh century : spirituality and social change (Manchester: University of Manchester Press, 2005).

Lawrence, C. H., Medieval Monasticism: Forms of Religious Life in Western Europe in the Middle Ages, 2nd ed. (London: Longman, 1989).

Morris, C., The Papal Monarchy: The Western Church from 1050 to 1250 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989).

Robinson, I.S., 'Gregory VII and the Soldiers of Christ', History, 58.193 (1973), 169–92.

Rosenwein, B. H., To be the neighbor of Saint Peter : the social meaning of Cluny's property, 909-1049 (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1989).

Smith, K. A., War and the Making of Medieval Monastic Culture (Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 2013).

(b) Knights

Duby, G., The Chivalrous Society, trans. C. Postan (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977).

Dunbabin, J., France in the Making, 843–1180 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985), 223–245.

Keen , M., Chivalry (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1984).

Loud, G., The Age of Robert Guiscard: Southern Italy and the Norman Conquest (Harlow: Longman, 2000).

(C) The Early Crusading Movement

Blake, E. O., ‘The Formation of the “Crusade Idea”’, Journal of ecclesiastical history. ISSN: 0022-0469 21 (1970): 11–31.

Bull, M., Knightly piety and the lay response to the First Crusade : the Limousin and Gascony, c.970-c.1130 ISBN: 0198203543 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993).

Hodgson, N., Women, crusading and the Holy Land in historical narrative ISBN: 9781843833321 (hbk.) : £50.00; 1843833328 (hbk.) : £50.00 (Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2007).

Purkis, W. J., Crusading Spirituality in the Holy Land and Iberia c.1095–c.1187 (Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2008).

Riley-Smith, J., The first Crusaders, 1095-1131 (Cambridge: Cambridge Univesity Press, 1997).

Riley-Smith, J., What Were the Crusades?, 3rd ed. (San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 2002).

Throop, S. A., The crusades : an epitome ISBN: 9781912801022 (Leeds: Kismet Press, 2018).

Tyerman, C., God's war : a new history of the Crusades ISBN: 9780140269802 (pbk.) : £12.99; 0140269800 (pbk.) : £12.99 (London: Allen Lane, 2006).

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II Origins and Early Growth

Barber, M., The New Knighthood: A History of the Order of the Temple (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012), Chaps 1, 2 and 3.

Barber, M., 'The Origins of the Order of the Temple', Studia monastica. ISSN: 0039-3258 12 (1970), 219–40; reprinted in Crusaders and heretics, 12th-14th centuries ISBN: 0860784762 (Aldershot: Ashgate Variorum, 1995).

Bulst-Thiele, M. L., 'The Influence of St. Bernard of Clairvaux on the Formation of the Order of the Knights Templar', in The Second crusade and the Cistercians , ed. by M. Gervers (New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 1992), 57–65.

Cerrini, S., 'Le fondateur de l'ordre du Temple à ses frères: Hughes de Payns et le Sermo Christi militibus', in Dei gesta per Francos : études sur les Croisades dédiées a Jean Richard = Crusade studies in honour of Jean Richard ISBN: 0754604071 (alk. paper), eds, M. Balard, B. J. Kedar and J. Riley-Smith (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001), 99–110.

Edbury, P. W., 'The Old French William of Tyre and the Origins of the Templars', in Knighthoods of Christ: Essays on the History of the Crusades and the Knights Templar, Presented to Malcolm Barber ed. by N. Housley (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007), 151–64.

Forey, A., 'The Emergence of the Military Order in the Twelfth Century', Journal of ecclesiastical history. ISSN: 0022-0469 36 (1985): 175–95; reprinted in Military orders and crusades ISBN: 0860783987 (Aldershot: Ashgate Variorum, 1994).

Forey, A., 'The Will of Alfonso I of Aragon and Navarre: A Reply to Dr Forey', The Durham University journal. ISSN: 0012-7280 73 (1980–1): 59–65.

Grabois, A., 'Militia and Malitia: The Bernedine Vision of Chivalry', in The Second crusade and the Cistercians ISBN: 0312056079, ed. by M. Gervers (New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 1992), 49–56.

Lourie, E., 'The Confraternity of Belchite, the Ribat, and the Temple', Viator, 13 (1982): 159–76.

Lourie, E., 'The Will of Alfonso I, "El Batallador", King of Aragon and Navarre: A Reassessment', Speculum. ISSN: 0038-7134; 2040-8072 50 (1975), 635–51.

Lourie, E., 'The Will of Alfonso I of Aragon and Navarre: A Reply to Dr Forey', The Durham University journal. ISSN: 0012-7280 77/2 (1984–5), 165–72.

Luttrell, A., 'The Earliest Templars', in Autour de la première croisade : actes du Colloque de la Society for the Study of the Crusades and the Latin East, Clermont-Ferrand, 22-25 juin 1995, ISBN: 2859443088ed. by Michel Balard (Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne, 1996), 193–202.

Phillips, J., Defenders of the Holy Land : relations between the Latin East and the West, 1119-1187 ISBN: 0198205406 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996), 21–40.

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III Daily Life

Barber, M., The New Knighthood: A History of the Order of the Temple (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012), Chap. 6.

Bom, M. M., Women in the military orders of the crusades [electronic resource] ISBN: 9781137088307 (e-book); 9780230114135 (hbk.) (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012).

Bronstein, J., 'Food and the Military Orders: Attitudes of the Hospital and the Temple between the Twelfth and the Fourteenth Centuries', Crusades 12 (2013): 133–52. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 31/01/2019) 

Cerrini, S., 'A New Edition of the Latin and French Rule of the Temple, in The Military Orders, Vol. 2: Welfare and Warfare, ed. H. Nicholson (Aldershot: Ashgate, 1998), 207–15.

Forey, A., 'Literacy and Learning in the Military Orders during the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries', MO, Vol. 2, pp. 185–206

Forey, A., 'Novitiate and Instruction in the Military Orders in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries, Speculum. 61 (1987): 1–17; reprinted in Military orders and crusades (Aldershot: Ashgate Variorum, 1994).

Forey, A., 'Recruitment to the Military Orders (Twelfth to mid-Fourteenth Centuries)', Viator. 17 (1986): 139–71; reprinted in Military orders and crusades (Aldershot: Ashgate Variorum, 1994).

Forey, A., 'Women and the Military Orders in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries', in Hospitaller women in the Middle Ages ISBN: 9780754606468; 0754606465 (alk. paper), ed. A. Luttrell and H. J. Nicholson (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2006), 43–70.

Franceschi, F., 'The Diet of Templar Knights: Their Secret to Longevity?', Digestive and liver disease. ISSN: 1590-8658 46/7 (2014): 577–8.

Lewis, K. J., 'The Templar's Belt: The Oral and Sartorial Transmission of Memory and Myth in the Order of the Temple', Crusades 13 (2014): 191–210. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Riley-Smith, J., Templars and Hospitallers as professed religious in the Holy Land ISBN: 9780268040581 (pbk.); 0268040583 (pbk.) (Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press, 2010).

Tommasi, F., 'Men and Women of the Hospitaller, Templar and Teutonic Orders: Twelfth to Fourteenth Centuries', in Hospitaller women in the Middle Ages , ed. A. Luttrell and H. J. Nicholson (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2006), 71–88.

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IV Militarisation of the Hospital and New Directions

Bombi, B., 'Innocent III and the Origins of the Order of the Sword Brothers', MO, Vol. 3, pp. 147–154.

Demurger, A., 'Les ordres religieux-militaires et l'argent: sources et pratiques', in The Templars and their sources, pp. 166–83

Ferris, E., 'The Financial Relations of the Knights Templar to the English Crown', American Historical Review 8.1 (1902), 1–17

Forey, A., 'The Militarisation of the Hospital of St John', Studia Monastica, 26 (1984): 75–90. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Lord, E., The Knights Templar in Britain (Harlow: Pearson, 2002), Ch. 9

Metcalfe, D.M., 'The Templars as Bankers and Monetary Transfers between West and East in the 12th Century', in Coinage in the Latin East, ed. by D.M. Metcalfe and P. Edbury (Oxford, 1980), pp. 1–17 Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Miller, T.S., 'The Knights of St. John and the Hospitals of the Latin West', Speculum, 53 (1978).

Nicholson, H., The Knights Hospitaller (Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2001), Ch. 2

Phillips, J., 'Archbishop Henry of Reims and the Militarization of the Hospitallers', MO, Vol. 2, pp. 83–88.

Riley-Smith, J., The Knights Hospitaller in the Levantc.1070–1309 (Basingstoke: Palgrave MacMillan, 2012), Ch. 2.

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V The Military Orders and Medieval Society

Barber, M., The New Knighthood: A History of the Order of the Temple (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012), Chap. 7.

Barber, M., 'The Social Context of the Templars', Transactions of the Royal Historical Society. ISSN: 0080-4401 34 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1984), 27–46; reprinted in Crusaders and heretics, 12th-14th centuries ISBN: 0860784762, (Aldershot: Ashgate Variorum, 1995).

Carraz, D., 'Templars and Hospitallers in the Cities of the West and the Latin East (Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries)', in Crusades 12 (2013): 103–20. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Demurger, A., 'Les ordres religieux-militaires et l'argent: sources et pratiques', in The Templars and their sources ISBN: 9781138201903 hardback : alkaline paper, ed. K. Borchart, K. Döring, P. Josserand and H. J. Nicholson (London: Routledge, 2017), 166–84.

Lock, P., 'The Military Orders in Mainland Greece', MO, Vol. 1, pp. 333–339.

Nicholson, H., 'Knights and Lovers: The Military Orders in the Romantic Literature of the Thirteenth Century', MO, Vol. 1, pp. 340–345.

Nicholson, H., 'Relations between Houses of the Order of the Temple in Britain and their Local Communities, as Indicated during the Trial of the Templars', in Knighthoods of Christ: Essays on the History of the Crusades and the Knights Templar, Presented to Malcolm Barber ed. N. Housley (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007), 195–208.

Nicholson, H., Templars, Hospitallers and Teutonic Knights : images of the military orders, 1128-1291 ISBN: 0718514114 (Leicester: Leicester University Press, 1993).

Powell, J. M., 'Frederick II, the Hohenstaufen, and the Teutonic Order in the Kingdom of Sicily', MO, Vol. 1, pp. 236–244.

Schenk, J., 'Aspects and Problems of the Templars' Religious Presence in Medieval Europe from the Twelfth to the Early Fourteenth Century', Traditio : studies in ancient and medieval history, thought and religion ISSN: 0362-1529 71 (2016): 273–302.

Schenk, J., Templar families : landowning families and the Order of the Temple in France, c.1120-1307 ISBN: 9781107004474 (hbk.) : £60.00; 1107004470 (hbk.) : £60.00 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012).

Walker, J., 'Alms for the Holy Land: The English Templars and their Patrons', in The medieval military revolution : state, society and military change in medieval and early modern Europe ISBN: 1850438307, ed. A. Ayton and J. L. Price (London: Taurus, 1995), 63–80.

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VI Warfare

Ekdahl, S., 'Horses and Crossbows: Two Important Warfare Advantages of the Teutonic Order in Prussia', MO, Vol. 2, pp. 119–151.

Ekdahl, S., 'The Treatment of Prisoners of War during the Fighting between the Teutonic Order and Lithuania', MO, Vol. 1, pp. 263–270.

France, J., ‘Templar Tactics: The Order on the Battlefield’, in The Templars and their sources , ed. K. Borchart, K. Döring, P. Josserand and H. J. Nicholson (London: Routledge, 2017).

Marshall, C., Warfare in the Latin east, 1192-1291 , (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).

Pringle, D., 'Templar Castles on the Road to the Jordan', in The military orders. I: Fighting for the Faith and Caring for the Sick, ed. M. Barber (London: Routledge, 1994), 148–66.

Pringle, D., 'Templar Castles between Jaffa and Jerusalem', in The Military Orders, Vol. 2: Welfare and Warfare, ed. H. Nicholson (Aldershot: Ashgate, 1998), 89–109.

Sarnowsky, J., 'The Teutonic Order confronts Mongols and Turks', MO, Vol. 1, pp. 253–262.

Smail, R. C., Crusading Warfare (1097–1193) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1956).

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VII Fall and Trial of the Templars

Barber, M., The New Knighthood: A History of the Order of the Temple (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012), Chaps 5 and 8

Barber, M., 'James of Molay, the Last Grand Master of the Order of the Temple', Studia monastica. ISSN: 0039-3258 14 (1972): 91–124; reprinted in Crusaders and heretics, 12th-14th centuries ISBN: 0860784762, (Aldershot: Ashgate Variorum, 1995).

Barber, M., The trial of the Templars ISBN: 0521218969 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993).

Barber, M., 'The Trial of the Templars Revisited', MO, Vol. 2, pp. 329–342.

Bellomo, E., 'Notaries in Inquisitorial Trials: the Evidence from the Templars' Inquiry in North Italy', in The Templars and their sources ISBN: 9781138201903 hardback : alkaline paper, ed. K. Borchart, K. Döring, P. Josserand and H. J. Nicholson (London: Routledge, 2017), 307–20.

Burgtorf, J., Crawford, P. F. and Nicholson, H. J., ed., The Debate on the Trial of the Templars (1307–1314) (Farnham: Ashgate, 2010).

Crawford, P. F., 'The University of Paris and the Trial of the Templars', in Military Orders, Vol. 3, pp. 115-122.

Demurger, A., The last Templar : the tragedy of Jacques de Molay ISBN: 9781846682247 (pbk.) : £8.99; 184668224X (pbk.) : £8.99 Last Grand Master of the Temple (London: Profile Books, 2005).

Forey, A., 'The Career of a Templar: Peter of St Just', in in Knighthoods of Christ: Essays on the History of the Crusades and the Knights Templar, Presented to Malcolm Barber ed. N. Housley (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007), 183–94.

Forey, A., The fall of the Templars in the Crown of Aragon ISBN: 0754605191 (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001).

Forey, A., 'Notes on Templar Personnel and Government at the Turn of the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries', Journal of Medieval history. ISSN: 0304-4181 35/2 (2009): 150–70.

Garcia-Guiarro, L., 'The Growth of the Order of the Temple in the Northern Area of the Kingdom of Valencia at the Close of the Thirteenth Century: A Puzzling Development?', in Knighthoods of Christ: Essays on the History of the Crusades and the Knights Templar, Presented to Malcolm Barber ed. N. Housley (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007), 165–82.

Gilmore-Bryson, A., 'Italian Templar Trials: Truth or Falsehood?', in Knighthoods of Christ: Essays on the History of the Crusades and the Knights Templar, Presented to Malcolm Barber ed. N. Housley (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007), 209–28.

Menache, S., 'The Last Master of the Temple: James of Molay', in Knighthoods of Christ: Essays on the History of the Crusades and the Knights Templar, Presented to Malcolm Barber ed. N. Housley (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007), 229–40.

Menache, S., 'The Templar Order: A Failed Ideal?', The Catholic historical review. ISSN: 0008-8080 79/1 (1993): 1–21.

Nicholson, H. J., The proceedings against the Templars in the British Isles ISBN: 9781409436522 (v. 2.) : £90.00; 9781409436508 (v. 1) : £75.00; 1409436500 (v. 1) : £75.00; 1409436527 (v. 2) : £90.00 (Farnham: Ashgate, 2011).

Partner, P., The Murdered Magicians: The Templars and their Myth (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982), Chap. 4.

Riley-Smith, J., ‘Were the Templars Guilty?’, The Medieval Crusade, ed S. J. Ridyard (Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 2004), 107–24.

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VIII Later Middle Ages and Early Modern Era

Allen, D., 'The Order of St John as a School for Ambassadors in Counter-Reformation Europe', MO, Vol. 2, pp. 363–380.

Allen, D., '"A Parish at Sea": Spiritual Concenrs aboard the Order of St John's Galleys in the Seeventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries', MO, Vol. 1, pp. 113–120.

Barber, M., The New Knighthood: A History of the Order of the Temple (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012), Chap. 9.

Barber, M., 'The Templars and the Turin Shroud', The Catholic historical review. ISSN: 0008-8080 68 (1982): 206–225.

Barquero Goñi, C., 'The Hospitallers and the Kings of Navarre in the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Centuries', MO, Vol. 2, pp. 349–354.

Dietz, K., 'Die Templer und das Turiner Grabtuch', in The Templars and their sources ISBN: 9781138201903 hardback : alkaline paper, ed. K. Borchart, K. Döring, P. Josserand and H. J. Nicholson (London: Routledge, 2017), 323–59.

Dupuy, M., '"An Island Called Rhodes" and the "Way" to Jerusalem: Change and Continuity in Hospitaller Exordia in the Later Middle Ages', MO, Vol. 2, pp. 343–348.

Hattersley-Smith, K., 'Documentary and Archaeological Evidence for Greek Settlement in the Countryside of Rhodes in the Fourteenth and Early Fifteenth Centuries', MO, Vol. 1.pp. 82–88.

Karassava-Tsilingiri, F., 'Fifteenth-Century Hospitaller Architecture on Rhodes: Patrons and Master Masons', MO, Vol. 2, pp. 259–266.

Karassava-Tsilingiri, F., 'The Fifteenth-Century Hospital of Rhodes', MO, Vol. 1, pp. 89–96. 

Luttrell, A., 'English Contributions to the Hospitaller Castle at Bodrum in Turkey: 1407–1437', MO, Vol. 2, pp. 163–172

Luttrell, A., 'The Hospitallers' Medical Tradition: 1291–1530', MO, Vol. 1, pp. 64–81.

Maier, C. T., 'Strategies of Survival: The Military Orders and the Reformation in Switzerland', MO, Vol. 2, pp. 355–362.

Mallia-Milanes, V., 'Corsairs Parading Crosses: The Hospitallers and Venice, 1530–1798', MO, Vol. 1, pp. 103–112

Mallia-Milanes, V., 'The Price of Hospitaller Crusading Warfare in the Eighteenth Century: The Maltese Consulate on Zante', MO, Vol. 2, pp. 173–182.

Nicholson, H. J. and Slavin P., '"The Real Da Vinci Code": the Accounts of Templars' Estates in England and Wales during the Suppression of the Order', in The Templars and their sources ISBN: 9781138201903 hardback : alkaline paper, ed. K. Borchart, K. Döring, P. Josserand and H. J. Nicholson (London: Routledge, 2017), 237–47.

Sarnowsky, J., '"The Rights of the Treasury": The Financial Administration of the Hospitallers on Fifteenth-Century Rhodes, 1421–1522', MO, Vol. 2, pp. 267–274.

Schellakowsky, J., 'The Bailiwick of Brandenburg and the Prussian Monarchy, 1701–1810', MO, Vol. 2, pp. 381–390.

Slavin, P., 'The Fate of the Former Templar Estates in England, 1308–1338', Crusades 14 (2015): 209–35. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Partner, P., The Murdered Magicians: The Templars and their Myth (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982), Chap. 5.

Pinto Costa, P. and A. Pestana de Vasconcelos, 'Christ, Santiago and Avis: An Approach to the Rules of the Portuguese Military Orders in the Late Middle Ages', MO, Vol. 2, pp. 251–258. 

Williams, A., 'Xenodochium to Sacred Infirmary: The Changing Role of the Hospital of the Order of St John, 1522–1631', MO, Vol. 1, pp. 97–102

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IX Resurgence of Interest

Barber, M., The New Knighthood: A History of the Order of the Temple (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012), Chap. 9.

Demurger, A., 'The Knights Templar between Theatre and History: Raynouard's Works on the Templars (1805–1813)', MO, Vol. 3, pp. 45–52.

Harris, O. D., 'Antiquarian Attitudes: Crossed Legs, Crusaders and the Evolution of an Idea', The antiquaries journal. ISSN: 0003-5815 90 (2010): 401–40.

Partner, P., The Murdered Magicians: The Templars and their Myth (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982), Chaps 5–8.

Riley-Smith, J., 'The Order of St Johm in England', MO, Vol. 1, 121–138.

Siberry, E., 'Victorian Perceptions of the Military Orders', in The military orders. ISBN: 086078438X; 086078679X (v. 2 ; v. 1); 086078438X; 9780860784388 (v.1); 9780754662907 (v.3) I: Fighting for the Faith and Caring for the Sick, ed. M. Barber (London: Routledge, 1994), 365–72.

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X The Military Orders in the Modern World 

Ekdahl, S., 'The Battle of Tannenberg–Grunwald-Žalgiris (1410) as Reflected in Twentieth-Century Monuments', MO, Vol. 3, pp. 175.

Luttrell, A. T., 'Hospitaller Historiography: Heritages and Heresies', MO, Vol. 3, pp. 3–11

Masters, P., 'Alt-Right Claims to March in Step with the Knights Templar – This is Fake News' The Conversation (2017) [https://theconversation.com/alt-right-claims-to-march-in-step-with-the-knights-templar-this-is-fake-history-88103].

Partner, P., The Murdered Magicians: The Templars and their Myth (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982), Chap. 8.

Schaffrath, S., 'Comparing Brown and Eco: Knights Templar in the Da Vinci Code and Foucault's Pendulum', Midwest Quarterly ISSN: 0026-3451 52/1 (2010): 70–85.

Stoyanov, Y., 'The Fictional Hospitaller: Images and Stories of the Knights of Malta in Count Jan Potocki's Manuscript Found in Saragossa' in Military Orders, Vol. 3, pp. 87–92

Walker, J., 'Sources for the Templar Myth', in The Templars and their sources ISBN: 9781138201903 hardback : alkaline paper, ed. K. Borchart, K. Döring, P. Josserand and H. J. Nicholson (London: Routledge, 2017), 360–71.

This list was last updated on 10/03/2020