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HIST1300
HIST1300 Reading List: The 1977 National Women's Conference

Primary Sources for the Historian: An Introduction to Documentary study, 2019/20, Semester 2
Professor Stephen Alford
S.Alford@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

General Reading and Resources

Primary Source Collections and Notable Items

Dublin, Thomas and Kathryn Kish Sklar (eds.), ‘How Did The National Women’s Conference in Houston in 1977 Shape a Feminist Agenda for the Future?’ Primary Source Collection [Accessible through the library website in the ‘Women and Social Movements in the United States 1600-2000 ISSN: x000-9965’ database]

Mara Henry, Diana, ‘Women on the Move and Other Exhibits’, Diana Mara Henry Photography Website [Available online]

Oral History Collection, University of South Carolina, 1977 International Women's Year (IWY) Oral History Collection [Available online]

Proposed National Plan of Action, National Commission on the Observance of International Women’s Year (District of Columbia: United States. National Commission on the Observance of International Women’s Year, 1977

Secondary Sources: IWY

Spruill, Marjorie Julian, Divided We Stand: The Battle over Women’s Rights and Family Values That Polarized American Politics (New York, London and Oxford: Bloomsbury, 2017) [Available Online]

Secondary Sources: Feminism

Gluck, Sherna Berger, ‘Whose Feminism, Whose History? Reflections on Excavating the History of (the) US Woman’s Movement(s) in Nancy A. Naples (ed.), Community activism and feminist politics : organizing across race, class, and gender (New York and London: Routledge, 1998)

Baxandall, Rosalyn and Linda Gordon, ‘Second Wave Feminism’ in Nancy A. Hewitt (ed) A Companion to American Women’s History (Oxford: Blackwells, 2005): pp. 414-432 [Available Online]

Evans, Sara, Personal politics : the roots of women's liberation in the civil rights movement and the new left (New York: Vintage Books, 1980) 

Dicker, Rory, A history of U.S. feminisms (Berkeley: Seal Press, 2008) 

Freeman, Jo, ‘The Women’s Movement’ The Social Movements Reader: Cases and Concepts ed. Jeff Goodwin and James M. Jasper (Malden, Oxford and Carlton: Blackwell, 2003) pp. 22-31

Hanisch, Carol, ‘Struggles over Leadership in the Women’s Liberation Movement’ in Colin Barker, Alan Johnson and Michael Lavalette (eds) Leadership and social movements (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2001)

Springer, Kimberly, Living for the revolution : black feminist organizations, 1968-1980 (Duke University Press, 2005)

Crenshaw, Kimberlé, “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence Against Women of Color,” in Kimberlé Crenshaw et al., Critical race theory : the key writings that formed the movement(New York: New Press, 1995)

Gilmore, Stephanie, ‘Thinking About Feminist Coalitions’ in Feminist coalitions : historical perspectives on second-wave feminism in the United States ed. Stephanie Gilmore (Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2008)

Gluck, Sherna Berger, ‘Review: “Feminist Coalitions: Historical Perspectives on Second Wave Feminism in the United States” by Stephanie Gilmore; “Radical Sisters: Second-Wave Feminism And Black Liberation in Washington, D.C.” by Anne M. Valk’ Oral history review 36:1 (Winter/Spring 2009) pp.114-118 

Roth, Benita, Separate roads to feminism : Black, Chicana, and White feminist movements in America's second wave (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004)

Breines, Winifred, The trouble between us : an uneasy history of white and black women in the feminist movement (New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006)

Breines, Wini, ‘What’s Love Got to Do With It? White Women, Black Women, and Feminism in the Movement Years’ Signs. 27:4 (Summer 2002) pp. 1095-1133

Elizabeth R. Cole and Zakiya T. Luna, ‘Making Coalitions Work: Solidarity across Difference within US Feminism Feminist Studies 36:1 (Spring 2010): pp. 71-98

Staggenborg, Suzanne, ‘Can Feminist Organizations Be Effective?’ in Feminist organizations : harvest of the new women's movement eds. Myra Marx Ferree and Patricia Yancey Martin (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1995)

Chancer, Lynn S., ‘From Pornography to Sadomasochism: Reconciling Feminist Differences’, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science. 571 (September 2000)

Evans, Sara, Born for liberty : a history of women in America (New York: Free Press, 1997)

Gilmore, Stephanie and Elizabeth Kaminsky, ‘A Part and Apart: Lesbian and Straight Feminist Activists Negotiate Identity in a Second-Wave Organization’, Journal of the history of sexuality. 16:1 (January 2007)

Saletan, William, Bearing right : how conservatives won the abortion war ISBN: 0520243366 (pbk.) : £10.95 (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2004)

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Week 1: Introduction to Primary Sources:

Core Reading

Walbert, Kathryn, 'Reading Primary Sources: An Introduction for Students', LearnNC (2004) [Available on Minerva]

Additional Reading

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Week 2: Feminism and the National Women’s Conference: General Introductions

Core reading:

Primary/Contemporary:

Rossi, Alice, Feminists in politics : a panel analysis of the First National Women's Conference ISBN: 9781483265520 (e-book) (Academic Press, 1982), Chapter 1, 'The National Conference in Historical Context'  

'Introduction', in Dublin, Thomas and Kathryn Kish Sklar (eds.), ‘How Did The National Women’s Conference in Houston in 1977 Shape a Feminist Agenda for the Future?’ Primary Source Collection; [Accessible through the library website in the ‘Women and Social Movements in the United States 1600-2000’ database]

Secondary:

Spruill, Marjorie Julian, Divided We Stand: The Battle over Women’s Rights and Family Values That Polarized American Politics (New York London Oxford: Bloomsbury, 2017), chapter 1, 'Four days that changed the world'  

Additional Reading:

Wolfe , Leslie R., and Jennifer Tucker, ‘Feminism Lives: Building a Multicultural Women’s Movement in the United States’, in The challenge of local feminisms : women's movements in global perspective ISBN: 0813326281 (pbk); 0813326273 (alk. paper), ed. by Amrita Basu (Boulder, San Francisco and Oxford: Westview Press, 1995)

Gluck, Sherna Berger, ‘Whose Feminism, Whose History? Reflections on Excavating the History of (the) US Women’s Movement(S)’, in Community Activism and Feminist Politics: Organizing Across Race, Class and Gender, ed. by Nancy A. Naples (New York and London: Routledge, 1998) [Available online]

Rosen, Ruth, The world split open : how the modern women's movement changed America ISBN: 0670814628; 9780670814626 (New York: Viking, 2000) - chapter 8, 'The Proliferation of Feminism'

Evans, Judith, Feminist Theory Today: An Introduction to Second Wave Feminism (London: Sage Publications, 1995) - Introduction [Available online]

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Week 3: The conception of the NWC

Core reading:

Primary:

To Form a More Perfect Union: Justice for American Women (District of Columbia: United States. National Commission on the Observance of International Women’s Year, 1976

Secondary:

Harrison, Cynthia, ‘Creating a National Feminist Agenda: Coalition Building in the 1970s’, in Feminist coalitions : historical perspectives on second-wave feminism in the United States ISBN: 9780252075391 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9780252033285 (cloth : alk. paper), ed. by Stephanie Gilmore (Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2008) Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Spruill, Marjorie Julian, Divided We Stand: The Battle over Women’s Rights and Family Values That Polarized American Politics (New York London Oxford: Bloomsbury, 2017), chapter 6, 'The Gathering Storm'

Additional reading:

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Week 4: State Meetings: New York, California and Alaska

Core reading:

Primary:

Document 6: Caroline Bird, "State Meetings: Every Woman Her Say", in Dublin, Thomas and Kathryn Kish Sklar (eds.), ‘How Did The National Women’s Conference in Houston in 1977 Shape a Feminist Agenda for the Future?’ Primary Source Collection, [Accessible through the library website in the ‘Women and Social Movements in the United States 1600-2000 ISSN: x000-9965’ database]

Secondary:

Spruill, Marjorie Julian, Divided We Stand: The Battle over Women’s Rights and Family Values That Polarized American Politics (New York London Oxford: Bloomsbury, 2017), chapter 7, 'Armageddon State by state'

Additional reading:

 

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Week 5: State Meetings: Mississippi and Utah

Core reading:

Primary:

US National Commission on the Observance of IWY, Accomplishments of Mississippi Women: Movements, Groups and Individuals (1978), section on Mississippi IWY State Meeting, starting p43 of 74 (print p55)

Secondary:

Spruill, Marjorie, 'The Mississippi "takeover" : feminists, antifeminists, and the International Women's Year conference of 1977', in Mississippi women : their histories, their lives ISBN: 0820333948 (v. 2 : pbk.); 9780820325026 (v. 1 : cased); 0820325023 (v. 1 : cased); 9780820325033 (v. 1 : pbk.); 0820325031 (v. 1 : pbk.); 9780820333939 (v. 2 : cased); 082033393X (v. 2 : cased); 9780820333946 (v. 2 : pbk.) ed. by Martha H. Swain, Elizabeth Anne Payne and Marjorie Spruill (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2010)   OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 17/01/2019) 

Spruill, Marjorie Julian, Divided We Stand: The Battle over Women’s Rights and Family Values That Polarized American Politics (New York London Oxford: Bloomsbury, 2017), chapter 8, 'Out of the Kitchen and into the Counterrevolution' and chapter 9, 'Mama said there'd be days like this'.

Additional reading: 

Harris, Jenny Lynn McGee. “The Silent Majority: Conservative Perception, Mobilization, and Rhetoric at the Utah State International Women’s Year Conference” (2005). All Theses and Dissertations. Paper 270 [Unpublished thesis]

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Week 6: Houston and the Equal Rights Amendment

Core materials:

Primary/Contemporary:

1977 National Women’s Conference: A Question of Choices, 1977, Texas Archive of the Moving Image <texasarchive.org/library/index.php?title=2013_02597>

To Form a More Perfect Union: Justice for American Women (District of Columbia: United States. National Commission on the Observance of International Women’s Year (1976) - Sections entitled, 'ERA - Let the Record Speak'; 'Equal Rights Amendment Committee' and 'The Equal Rights Amendment - Origin and Interpretation'.

Secondary:

 Davis, Flora, Moving the mountain : the women's movement in America since 1960 ISBN: 0252067827 (pbk. : alk. paper) (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1991) Chapter 18, 'Why the ERA Lost'

Additional reading:

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Week 7: Houston and Race

 Core reading:

Davis, Flora, Moving the mountain : the women's movement in America since 1960 (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1991) Chapter 17, ‘From the Melting Pot to the Salad Bowl’

Additional reading:

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Week 8: Houston as a ‘battleground’

Core reading:

Primary:

Oral History Collection, University of South Carolina, 1977 International Women's Year (IWY) Oral History Collection [Available online]

Secondary:

Spruill, Marjorie Julian, Divided We Stand: The Battle over Women’s Rights and Family Values That Polarized American Politics (New York London Oxford: Bloomsbury, 2017), chapter 11, 'Launching the Pro-Family Movement'

Faludi, Susan, Backlash: The Undeclared War against Women, (New York: Crown, 1993) – chapter 9, ‘The Politics of Resentment: The New Right’s War on Women’

Additional reading:

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Week 9: The National Women’s Conference and the Media

Core reading:

Primary [Available on Minerva]:

'What next for US Women', Time Magazine (December 1977) OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (KR 11/01/2019)  

Ruth Mehtens Galvin Papers, Notes from a Press Conference at the NWC (1977)

'Media Guidelines' Pamphlet, National Women's Conference (1977)

Secondary:

Berkery, Mary, Introduction to the National Women's Conference Briefing Book (Alexandria, VA: Alexander Street, 2012)

Douglas, Susan, Where the girls are : growing up female with the mass media ISBN: 0812925300 (New York: Times Books, 1994),

Drake, Jennifer, ‘Review: Third Wave Feminisms’, Feminist Studies. ISSN: 0046-3663, 23.1 (1997)

Hammer, Rhonda, Antifeminism and family terrorism : a critical feminist perspective ISBN: 9780742510500 (Lanham, Boulder, New York and Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield, 2002),

Mendes, Kaitlynn ‘Reporting the Women’s Movement: A Cross-National Comparison of Representations of Second Wave Feminism and Equal Rights Issues in the United Kingdom and United States Daily Press, 1968-1982’ (unpublished PhD Thesis, Cardiff University, 2009)

Wilmot Voss, Kimberly, ‘The Florida Fight For Equality: The Equal Rights Amendment, Senator Lori Wilson and Mediated Catfights in the 1970s’, Florida Historical Quarterly ISSN: 0015-4113, 88.2 (2009), pp. 192-201

Additional reading:

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Week 10: Evaluating the Conference and its Legacy

Core reading:

Primary:

National Commission on the Observance of IWY, After Houston (DC: Government Printing Office, 1978)

Jimmy Carter, The First 18 Months: A Status Report of the Carter Administration Action on International Women's Year Resolutions (1978) 

Secondary:

Spruill, Marjorie Julian, Divided We Stand: The Battle over Women’s Rights and Family Values That Polarized American Politics (New York London Oxford: Bloomsbury, 2017), chapter 12, 'We Shall Go Forth', and chapter 13, 'Onward Christian Soldiers'.

Additional reading:

Primary:

Santa Clara County Annual report, 1977, San Jose, CA: Santa Clara County, CA. Commission on the Status of Women (1977)

Secondary:

Evans, Sara M., Personal Politics: The Roots of Women’s Liberation in the Civil Rights Movement and the New Left (New York: Vintage Books, 1980) – Chapter 9, ‘Personal Politics’

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Week 11: Revision and reflection on primary sources

Core reading:

Additional reading:

This list was last updated on 13/03/2019