Skip to main content

PIED3402
Module Reading List

American Foreign Policy, 2019/20, Semester 2
Dr Jack Holland
J.Holland@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Week 1: Introduction: Making US Foreign Policy

This week, I will outline the module content and the assessment, as well as beginning with some preliminary information on the making of US foreign policy. The class will get to know each other and be split into three groups (for the semester).

Seminar topics:

  • How effective is the ‘separation of powers’ doctrine, and what benefits or pitfalls does it entail?
  • Who or what directs foreign policy or defines the ‘national interest?’
  • How important for foreign policy are domestic contexts?
  • What do current events in US domestic politics show about the relationship between domestic and foreign policy?
  • What ‘is’ US foreign policy? What should be included or excluded from the study of it? War, diplomacy, treaties, humanitarian intervention, states, communities, culture, individuals? – What are the political implications of deciding what does and what does not count?

Plus outline of module and introduction of essay topics

Required Reading:

  • Michael Foley, ‘The foreign policy process: Executive, Congress, Intelligence,’ in Cox and Stokes (eds.), US Foreign Policy, Oxford University Press (second edition, 2008), pp.111 - 130. (In course readings folder on Minerva)
  • Jack Holland, ‘Introduction: Why is change so hard?’, in Bentley and Holland eds, Obama’s Foreign Policy ISBN: 9780415662604 (hardback : alk. paper); 0415662605 (hardback : alk. paper); 9781315888545 (e-book : alk. paper); 1315888548 (e-book : alk. paper), Routledge 2014.

Additional reading:

US Institutions

James A. Nathan and James K. Oliver (1983), Foreign policy making and the American political system, Boston: Little Brown.

John Dumbrell, ‘Foreign Policy’, in Robert Singh, Governing America: The Politics of a Divided Democracy ISBN: 0199250499, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp.266-285.

John Dumbrell, (1997) The Making of US Foreign Policy ISBN: 0719048214 (hbk); 0719048222 (pbk),MUP.

Ole Holsti, (2006) Making American Foreign Policy ISBN: 0415953758 (pbk.); 041595374X (hardback); 9780415953740; 9780415953757,Routledge.

Kegley and Witkopf (2004) (eds.), The Domestic Sources of American Foreign Policy, Rowman and Littlefield.

Jerel A. Rosati (1993) The politics of United States foreign policy,Harcourt Brace.

David A. Deese (1994), The new politics of American foreign policy ISBN: 0312091338 (pbk),St. Martin's Press.

Michael L. Krenn ed. (1998) The African American voice in U.S. foreign policy since World War II ISBN: 0815334184; 0815329598. New York: Garland Pub.

US Congress

Richard Hodder Williams, ‘The US Constitution’ in Singh (ed.), Governing America ISBN: 0199250499,pp.53 and 74.

Robert Williams (ed.) Ch. ‘Congress and policymaking: can it cope with foreign affairs?’ in Explaining American politics : issues and interpretations ISBN: 0415012198 (pbk); 041501218X(London: Routledge, 1990)

David Gray Adler (Editor), Larry N. George (Editor), Arthur Meier, Jr. Schlesinger, The constitution and the conduct of American foreign policy ISBN: 0700607560 (pbk. : alk paper); 0700607552(University Press of Kansas, 1996)

John Dumbrell, (1997) The making of US foreign policy ISBN: 0719048214 (hbk); 0719048222 (pbk),MUP, chs.3-6.

Michael Foley, ‘Congress and policymaking: can it cope with foreign affairs?’ in Robert Williams (ed.) Explaining American politics : issues and interpretations ISBN: 0415012198 (pbk); 041501218X (London : Routledge, 1990)

Richard F. Grimmett,Foreign Policy Roles of the President and Congress, CRS Report June 1, 1999 Available online 

Louis Henkin, Foreign affairs and the United States Constitution ISBN: 0198260989 (pbk); 0198260997, (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1996), BL West Politics Q-7.3 Hen,

Louis Henkin, "Foreign Affairs and the Constitution," Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120, 66 (Winter 1987-1988): 287-310. Article H0300, H0301, H0302.

Barbara Hinckley, Less than meets the eye ISBN: 0226341445 (pbk); 0226341437: foreign policymaking and the myth of an assertive Congress(Chicago London : University of Chicago Press, 1994)

Randall Ripley and James L. Lindsey (eds.) Congress resurgent : foreign and defense policy on Capitol Hill ISBN: 0472095331 (alk. paper); 0472065335 (pbk. : alk. paper)(Ann Arbor : University of Michigan Press, c1993)

Kegley and Witkopf (eds.), (2004) The Domestic Sources of American Foreign Policy, Rowman and Littlefield.

Robert B. Zoellick ‘Congress and the Making of US Foreign Policy’, Survival ISSN: 0039-6338; 1468-2699 Volume 41 • No. 4 • Winter 1999–2000

Lobby Groups

John J. Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt, (2006a), ‘The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy’, John F. Kennedy School of Government Working Paper Number: RWP06-011, Harvard University, March. Available at: http://mearsheimer.uchicago.edu/pdfs/IsraelLobby.pdf

"The Israeli Lobby." Journal of Palestine studies. ISSN: 0377-919X (2006) 35(3): 83-114.

‘The War over Israel’s Influence’, Foreign policy. ISSN: 0015-7228July/August 2006.

You can also watch a talk by Walt and Mearsheimer at the Cambridge Forum at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rzXS3tmZrcU

Gershom Gorenberg, ‘A New Israel Lobby’, Prospect ISSN: 1359-5024April 2008.   

John W. Dietrich ‘Interest Groups and Foreign Policy: Clinton and the China MFN Debates’, Presidential studies quarterly. ISSN: 0360-4918; 1741-5705 (Electronic) 29, no. 2 June 1999.

The Constitution after 9/11

John Yoo (2005), The powers of war and peace : the constitution and foreign affairs after 9/11 ISBN: 0226960323; 0226960315 (cloth : alk. paper), Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

John Yoo (2006), War by other means : an insider's account of the war on terror ISBN: 0871139456; 9780871139450,New York: Atlantic Monthly Press.

Jack Goldsmith (2007), The Terror Presidency ISBN: 9780393065503 (hardcover); 0393065502New York; London: W.W. Norton & Company.

David Cole and James X. Dempsey (2006), Terrorism and the Constitution ISBN: 1565849396 (pbk); 9781565849396 (pbk),New York and London, The New Press.

Week 2: The idea of America: American exceptionalism and American power

Group 1:What is American exceptionalism? Is America exceptional? Where did the term come from and what does it ‘do’ to American foreign policy?

McCrisken, T. (2004) American Exceptionalism and the Legacy of Vietnam, London: Palgrave. This book has a really excellent chapter on American exceptionalism, which is very accessibly written. (See this first and foremost for an introduction to American exceptionalism.)

Daniel Deudney and Jeffrey Meiser, ‘American Exceptionalism’, in Michael Cox and Doug Stokes (ed.), (2008 or 2018), US foreign policyOxford University Press. Available in course readings folder on VLE. 

Group 2:Is there a growing gap between the ‘thank God for America’ public and the ‘deal souls’ of American elites?

Samuel Huntington, ‘Dead Souls: The Denationalization of the American Elite’, The National Interest ISSN: x000-9563, Spring 2004.

Minxin Pei, ‘The paradoxes of American nationalism’, Foreign policy. ISSN: 0015-7228May/June 2003, pp.31-37.

Group 3:What is the nature of American power? Is it (primarily) hard, soft, or both? How has it changed, is it declining, and will America remain the world’s only superpower?

Nye, J. ‘The 21stcentury and smart power’, in in Michael Cox and Doug Stokes (ed.), (2018 – 2008 version on Obama good too), US foreign policyOxford University Press.

Quinn, A. (2011) ‘The Art of Declining Politely’, International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850, 87:4, 803-824. (or, see Quinn’s chapter in Bentley and Holland eds, Obama’s Foreign Policy, Routledge.)

Seminar discussion topics:

  • What ‘is’ America? A state, a territory, a political imaginary, an idea, an identity, a dream?
  • How has American exceptionalism influenced USFP?
  • How can or should the role of the US in contemporary world politics be understood? A benevolent leader, the global police force, an ‘exceptional’ state, a self-interested hegemon, a declining superpower?

General Reading:

Short introductory video: ‘How America became a Superpower’

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BShvYeyMm_Y&feature=player_embedded

Further Reading:

History of US Foreign Policy

Michael Cox and Doug Stokes (2008) (eds.), US Foreign PolicyOxford University Press, chs.3-5.

Stephen Ambrose, (1991)Rise to Globalism. American Foreign Policy Since 1938,Penguin Books.

  1. W. Brands, (1996) Since Vietnam: The United States in World Affairs ISBN: 0070071969 (acid-free paper), McGraw-Hill.

Richard A. Melanson (2000)American foreign policy since the Vietnam War: the search for consensus from Nixon to ClintonArmonk, N.Y.: M.E.

Frederick H. Hartmann, Robert L. Wendzel (1994), America's foreign policy in a changing world ISBN: 0673992470; 0673468747 (pbk),New York: HarperCollins College Publishers.

Gerald Haines and J. Samuel Walker (1981) (eds.) American Foreign Relations ISBN: 0903804972, A Historiographical Overview,Francis Pinter.

Walter LaFeber(1994) The American age: United States foreign policy at home and abroad since 1750,Norton.

W.A. McDougall (1997) Promised land, crusader state : the American encounter with the world since 1776 ISBN: 0395901324 (pbk.); 0395830850 Mariner Books;

American Identity and Exceptionalism

Robert Singh, Governing America ISBN: 0199250499, pp.1-29.

Samuel Huntington (2004), Who are we? : America's great debate ISBN: 0684866692; 0684866684, Free Press.

Samuel Huntington (2004), ‘Dead Souls: The Denationalization of the American Elite’, The National Interest ISSN: x000-9563, Spring.

Michelle Alexander, The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness (New Press, 2012)

Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw No. 35 ‘Race to the Bottom’ - How the post-racial revolution became a whitewash

https://thebaffler.com/salvos/race-to-bottom-crenshaw(the idea of post-racialism and the election of Trump)

Rogers M. Smith (1988), The “American Creed” and American Identity: The Limits of Liberal Citizenship in the United States’, Western political quarterly. ISSN: 0043-4078, Vol.41, No.2, June, pp.225-252.

Mary L. Dudziak, Cold War Civil Rights: Race and the Image of American Democracy (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000)

P.T.McCartney (2004), ‘American nationalism and US foreign policy from September 11 to the Iraq War’,Political science quarterly. ISSN: 0032-3195, Vol.119, No. 3.

Anatol Lieven (2004), America Right or Wrong. An anatomy of American nationalism, Harper Collins.

Anatol Lieven, Bush’s Choice: Messianism or Pragmatism?  https://www.carnegieendowment.org/publications/

Minxin Pei (2003), ‘The paradoxes of American nationalism’, Foreign policy. ISSN: 0015-7228May/June, pp.31-37.

Michael Lind (1996), The next American nation : the new nationalism and the fourth American revolution ISBN: 0684825031New York: Free Press Paperbacks.

Week 3: American foreign policy traditions

Group 1:What does Walter Russell Mead mean by the Jeffersonian tradition? 

Walter Russell Mead, (2001) Special Providence. American Foreign Policy and How it Changed the World, chapter 6.

Jack Holland, ‘Obama as modern Jeffersonian’. In Bentley and Holland eds, Obama’s Foreign Policy ISBN: 9780415662604 (hardback : alk. paper); 0415662605 (hardback : alk. paper); 9781315888545 (e-book : alk. paper); 1315888548 (e-book : alk. paper), Routledge.

Group 2:Compare and contrast the Wilsonian and Jeffersonian traditions.

Robert W. Tucker, ‘The triumph of Wilsonianism?’ World policy journal. ISSN: 0740-2775Vol.10 No.4, Winter 1993/94.

Jack Holland, ‘Obama as modern Jeffersonian’. In Bentley and Holland eds, Obama’s Foreign Policy ISBN: 9780415662604 (hardback : alk. paper); 0415662605 (hardback : alk. paper); 9781315888545 (e-book : alk. paper); 1315888548 (e-book : alk. paper), Routledge.

Group 3:What is the difference between a ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ Wilsonian?

  1. Boot, ‘Neocons’ Foreign policy. ISSN: 0015-7228,Jan-Feb 2004, No.140, pp.20-28.

 

Further reading on Jefferson, the Republicans and early US foreign policy

Excerpts from a speech before the U.S. Senate, presented by Senator William E. Borah on November 10, 1919 at http://www.cr.nps.gov/NR/TWHP/wwwlps/lessons/14wilson/14facts2.htm   

H.W. Brands, ‘The Four Schoolmasters’ The National Interest ISSN: x000-9563,Winter 2001/2.

Bowman, AH (1956), ‘Jefferson, Hamilton and American foreign policy’ Political science quarterly. ISSN: 0032-3195, Vol.71(1), pp.18-41

David Armstorng, Revolution and World Order,available electronically, ch.2.

Hatzenbuehler, ‘The Early National Period, 1789-1815: The Need for Redefinition’, in Gerald Haines and J.Samuel Walker (eds.) American Foreign Relations ISBN: 0903804972. A Historiographical OverviewFrancis Pinter, 1981, pp.17-32.

LaFeberWalter (1994) The American age : United States foreign policy at home and abroad since 1750 (New York : Norton, 2nd ed.).

McDougall, W.A. (1997) Promised land, crusader state : the American encounter with the world since 1776 ISBN: 0395901324 (pbk.); 0395830850 (Boston and New York: Mariner Books).

Tucker, Robert and David Hendrickson, (1990) ‘Thomas Jefferson and American foreign policy,’ Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120Spring Vol.69 No.2.

Tucker, Robert and David Hendickson, Empire of Liberty: The Statecraft of Thomas Jefferson(Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1990).

David Ryan, US foreign policy in world history ISBN: 0415123453 (pbk.) : No price; 0415123445, London and New York, Routledge, 2000, pp.21-54.

Further Reading on Isolationism and Isolationists

Stephen Ambrose, Rise to Globalismch.1.

H.W.Brands, What America owes the world : the struggle for the soul of foreign policy ISBN: 0521639689 (pbk); 0521630312, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp.109-143

Ernest C. Bolt, Jr. ‘Isolation, Expansion and Peace: American Foreign Policy Between the Wars’ in Gerald Haines and J.Samuel Walker (eds.) American Foreign Relations ISBN: 0903804972. A Historiographical OverviewFrancis Pinter, 1981, pp.133-158.

Charles Toth, ‘Isolationism and the Emergence of Borah: An appeal to American Tradition’, Western political quarterly. ISSN: 0043-4078 14 (June 1961): 555-68.

Further reading on Wilson and Wilsonianism

David Ryan, US foreign policy in world history ISBN: 0415123453 (pbk.) : No price; 0415123445, London and New York, Routledge, 2000, pp.55-93.

Michael Cox, (2000), ‘Wilsonianism Resurgent? The Clinton Administration and the Promotion of Democracy’, in Cox, Ikenberry and Inoguchi (eds.), American Democracy Promotion. Impulses, Strategies and Impacts, (Oxford: Oxford University Press), pp.218-242. Electronic Book.

G.John Ikenberry, ‘America’s Liberal Grand Strategy: Democracy and National Security in the Post War Era,’ in Cox, Ikenberry and Inoguchi, American Democracy Promotion. Impulses, Strategies and Impacts, (Oxford: Oxford University Press), pp.103-126. Electronic Book

Walter Russell Mead, (2001) Special Providence. American Foreign Policy and How it Changed the World, NY: Knopf; see also H.W.Brands, ‘The Four Schoolmasters’ The National Interest ISSN: x000-9563,Winter 2001/2.

Jason Ralph, ‘Between Cosmopolitan and American Democracy. Understanding American Opposition to the International Criminal Court’, International relations. ISSN: 0047-1178, Summer 2003.

Tony Smith (1994) America's mission : the United States and the worldwide struggle for democracy in the twentieth century(Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press).

Tony Smith, (2000) ‘National Security Liberalism and American Foreign Policy’, in Cox, Ikenberry and Inoguchi (eds.), American Democracy Promotion. Impulses, Strategies and Impacts, (Oxford: Oxford University Press), pp.85-102. Electronic Book.

Chandler, David ‘Back to the future? The limits of neo-Wilsonian ideals of exporting democracy’,Review of international studies. ISSN: 0260-2105. 32(3) 2006 July, 475-494

Week 4: Theories of American foreign policy

Group 1:What does Walter Russell Mead mean by ‘continental’ Realism? How does it differ from what he calls ‘Hamiltonian’ or ‘American’ Realism?

Walter Russell Mead, (2001) Special Providence. American Foreign Policy and How it Changed the World, NY: Knopf, see also H.W.Brands, ‘The Four Schoolmasters’ The National Interest ISSN: x000-9563,Winter 2001/2.

Group 2:What is liberal internationalism? When has it featured in US foreign policy? And Why?

Walter Russell Mead, Special Providence. American Foreign Policy and How it Changed the World, NY: Knopf (2001) , pp.174- 217.

Ikenberry, G. John. "Liberal internationalism 3.0: America and the dilemmas of liberal world order." Perspectives on politics. ISSN: 1537-59277.01 (2009): 71-87.

Beate Jahn,(2013) Liberal Internationalism, Springer. Introduction. (e book).

Group 3:1. Who are the neoconservatives and what do they stand for?

Stefan Halper and Jonathan Clarke, America Alone. The Neo-conservatives and the Global Order Cambridge University Press, 2004, ch.2.

  1. What role did the neo-cons have in the Reagan administration?

Stefan Halper and Jonathan Clarke, America Alone. The Neo-conservatives and the Global Order Cambridge University Press, 2004, ch.5, pp.157-181. 

Further Reading on Hamilton

Bowman, AH (1956), ‘Jefferson, Hamilton and American foreign policy’ Political science quarterly. ISSN: 0032-3195, Vol.71(1), pp.18-41.

Walter McDougall, Promised land, crusader state : the American encounter with the world since 1776 ISBN: 0395901324 (pbk.); 0395830850, Mariner Books, pp.147-171.

John L. Harper, American Machiavelli ISBN: 0521834856: Alexander Hamilton and the Origins of US foreign policy(Cambridge University Press, 2004).

Hatzenbuehler, ‘The Early National Period, 1789-1815: The Need for Redefinition’, in Gerald Haines and J.Samuel Walker (eds.) American Foreign Relations ISBN: 0903804972. A Historiographical OverviewFrancis Pinter, 1981, pp.17-32.

 

Further reading on and by Kissinger

H.Kissinger, ‘Balance of Power Sustained’, in Graham Allison and Gregory F. Treverton, (eds.) Rethinking America’s Security ISBN: 0393962180 (pbk); 0393030598. Beyond the Cold War to New World Order, Norton, 1992.

H.Kissinger, ‘Between the Old Left and the New Right’ Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120May/June 1999.

H.Kissinger, ‘The pitfalls of universal jurisdiction’, Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120Vol.80, No.4, 2001, pp.86-96.

H.Kissinger,Does America need a foreign policy? : toward a diplomacy for the 21st century ISBN: 0743230876London : Free Press, 2002., see John J. Mearsheimer, ‘Kissinger's Wisdom . . . and Advice’ The National Interest ISSN: x000-9563, Fall 2001.

N.Bisley, ‘Counter-revolution, order and international politics’, Review of international studies. ISSN: 0260-2105, Jan 2004, Vol.30, No.1, pp.49- 69

Weitz, R. (1991) Henry Kissinger's philosophy of international relations’,Diplomacy and statecraft. ISSN: 0959-2296, Vol.2, No.1.

Further reading on and by Kennan

G.F.Kennan, ‘On American Principles’, Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120, March /April 1995.

G.F.Kennan, (aka “X”) ‘The Sources of Soviet Conduct’, Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120, July 1947. 

G.F.Kennan, ‘Containment Then and Now’ Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120, Spring 1987.

John Lewis Gaddis, ‘Containment: A reassessment’, Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120, July 1977.

H.W.Brands, What America owes the world : the struggle for the soul of foreign policy ISBN: 0521639689 (pbk); 0521630312, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp.144-181.

D.Mayers, ‘Containment and the primacy of diplomacy: George Kennan’s views, 1947-1948’, International security. ISSN: 0162-2889, Vol.11, No.1, 1986.

Wilson D. Miscamble, ‘Rejected architect and master builder: George Kennan, Dean Acheson and postwar Europe’, The review of politics. ISSN: 0034-6705; 1748-6858, Summer 1996, Vol.58, No.3, pp.437-468.

Further reading on or by Morgenthau

H.J.Morgenthau, Vietnam and the United States, Washington DC Public Affairs Press, 1965.

H.J.Morgenthau, ‘The Mainsprings of American Foreign Policy: The National Interest vs Moral Abstractions’,American Political Science ISSN: 0003-0554 ReviewXLIV (1950).

H.W.Brands, What America owes the world : the struggle for the soul of foreign policy ISBN: 0521639689 (pbk); 0521630312, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp.144-181.

J.W. Nobel, Morgenthau's struggle with power: the theory of power politics and the Cold War, Review of international studies. ISSN: 0260-2105, Jan 1995, Vol.21, No.1, pp.61- 86

R.J. Myers, ‘Hans Morgenthau's realism and American foreign policy’ Ethics and international affairs ISSN: 0892-6794, 1997, Vol.11. 

P.Gellman, ‘Hans J. Morgenthau and the legacy of political realism’, Review of international studies. ISSN: 0260-2105, Oct 1988, Vol.14, No.4, pp.247- 266; see also J.W.Nobel, Morgenthau's theory and practice - a response to Peter Gellman’, Review of international studies. ISSN: 0260-2105,Jul 1989, Vol.15, No.3, pp.261- 271.

John Mearsheimer ‘Hans Morgenthau and the Iraq war: realism versus neo-conservatism’ (2005) at https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/morgenthau_2522jsp/

Further Reading on 21stCentury Realism

Jeffrey Goldberg, ‘Breaking Ranks. What turned Brent Scowcroft against the Bush Administration?’ The New Yorker ISSN: 0028-792X Online, Available online

‘The Republican Rift’, The New Yorker ISSN: 0028-792X Online,http://www.newyorker.com/online/content/articles/051031on_onlineonly01   

Robert Tucker and David C. Hendrickson, ‘The Freedom Crusade’, The National Interest ISSN: x000-9563, Fall 2005.

John C. Hulsman and Anatol Lieven, ‘The Ethics of Realism’, The National Interest ISSN: x000-9563Summer 2005.

Robert F. Ellsworth and Dimitri K. Simes, ‘Realism’s Shining Morality’, The National Interest ISSN: x000-9563Winter 2004/2005.

John Mearsheimer and Stephen M. Walt, ‘An Unnecessary War’, ProspectMarch 2003. Available online

John Mearsheimer ‘Hans Morgenthau and the Iraq war: realism versus neo-conservatism’ (2005) at https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/morgenthau_2522jsp/

Further Reading on the Neo-Cons

D.W.Benn (2004), ‘Review Article: Neoconservatives and their American critics’ International affairs.Vol.80 issue 5, pp.963-969.

Ivo Daalder and James Lindsay (2003) America Unbound: The Bush Revolution in Foreign Policy, The Brookings Institution, pp.17-35.

H.W.Brands, What America Owes the World. The Struggle for the Soul of Foreign Policy ISBN: 0521639689 (pbk); 0521630312, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, pp.238-262.

  1. Boot, ‘Neocons’ Foreign policy. ISSN: 0015-7228,Jan-Feb 2004, No.140, pp.20-28

Stefan Halper and Jonathan Clarke, America Alone. The Neo-conservatives and the Global Order Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Francis Fukuyama, ‘The Neoconservative Moment’ The National Interest ISSN: x000-9563Summer 2004.

Tod Lindberg, Neoconservatism’s Liberal Legacy’, Policy review. ISSN: 0146-5945 October/November 2004.

Anne Norton, Leo Strauss and the Politics of American Empire, Yale University Press, 2004

  1. Nuruzzaman, ‘Beyond the Realist Theories: NeoConservatism Realism and the American Invasion of Iraq’, International studies perspectives. ISSN: 1528-3577Vol.7, 2006, pp.239-253.

James Mann, Rise of the Vulcans : the history of Bush's war cabinet ISBN: 0670032999, Viking Press, 2004.

M.J. Mazarr ‘George W. Bush, idealist’, International affairs. May 2003, Vol.79, No.3, pp.503- 522

Charles Krauthammer, ‘In Defense of Democratic Realism’, The National Interest ISSN: x000-9563Summer 2004.

Richard A. Schweder, ‘George W. Bush and the missionary position’, Daedalus. ISSN: 0011-5266, Summer 2004, pp.26-36.

Zachary Selden, ‘Neoconservatives and the American mainstream’, Policy review. ISSN: 0146-5945 April/May 2004.

Michael C. Williams, ‘What is the National Interest? The Neoconservative Challenge in IR Theory’, European journal of international relations. ISSN: 1354-0661, Vol.11 No.3, 2005, pp.307-337.

 

…on the future of neo-conservatism

Francis Fukuyama, ‘The Neoconservative Moment’ The National Interest ISSN: x000-9563Summer 2004.

G.J.Ikenberry ‘The end of the neo-conservative moment’ Survival ISSN: 0039-6338; 1468-2699, Spring 2004, Vol.46, No.1, pp.7-22.

Charles Krauthammer, ‘In Defense of Democratic Realism’, The National Interest ISSN: x000-9563,Fall 2004.

Week 5: From Cold War to New World Order

Group 1:1. What was the Reagan Doctrine?

Scott, James M. Deciding to intervene: The Reagan doctrine and American foreign policy. Duke University Press, 1996. Introduction.

  1. How have neo-cons made use of Reagan’s legacy?

Kristol, William, and Robert Kagan. "Toward a neo-reaganite foreign policy." Foreign Aff ISSN: 0015-7120.75 (1996): 18.

Group 2: How did the US handle German reunification and what did it tell us about the future of American foreign policy?

Mick Cox and Steven Hurst 'His finest hour?' George Bush and the diplomacy of German unification, Diplomacy and statecraft. ISSN: 0959-2296, Dec 2002, Vol.13, No.4, pp.123-150. Available at http://lionelingram.com/562_Cox_BushandGermany.pdf

Group 3: 1. How did the US handle the diplomatic situation before, during and after the Gulf War and what did it tell you about the future of American foreign policy?

George Bush and Brent Scowcroft, ‘Why we didn’t go to Baghdad’, in Sifry and Cerf (eds.) The Iraq War Reader ISBN: 0743253477, pp.101-102.

  1. What did Bush mean by the phrase ‘New World Order’ and how did America’s approach to the crises in Somalia relate to it?

Freedman, L. ‘Order and Disorder in the New World’, Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120, 71, (1991/2), pp.20-39. See also other contributions to this special issue.

Further Reading

H.W. Brands ‘George Bush and the Gulf War of 1991’ Presidential studies quarterly. ISSN: 0360-4918; 1741-5705 (Electronic), Mar 2004, Vol.34, No.1, pp.113- 131

James A. Baker, III ; with Thomas M. DeFrank The politics of diplomacy : revolution, war, and peace, 1989-1992 ISBN: 0399140875 / Published New York : Putnam's, c1995.

Richard Melanson, ‘The Bush Administration’, American Foreign Policy Since the Vietnam War, M.E.Sharpe.

Condoleezza Rice and Philip Zelikow, (1996) Germany unified and Europe transformed : a study in statecraftCambridge, Mass. ; London : Harvard University Press.

  1. Tonelson Prudence or inertia? The Bush administration's foreign policyCurrent history. ISSN: 0011-3530, Apr 1992, Vol.91, No.564, p.145.

Bolton, John (199?) ‘Wrong Turn in Somalia,’ Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120 Vol.73 no.1.

  1. Freedman and Efraim Karsh, The Gulf conflict, 1990-1991: diplomacy and war in the new world order,London : Faber and Faber, 1994.

Further Reading on the Neo-Cons and Reagan

Richard Lowry, ‘Reaganism v. Neo-Reaganism’, The National Interest ISSN: x000-9563, Spring 2005.

Fred Halliday, The making of the second cold war ISBN: 0860918548 (pbk ; cased) : £6.95; 0860911446Vintage, pp.105-133.

James Mann, Rise of the Vulcans : the history of Bush's war cabinet ISBN: 0670032999, Viking Press, 2004.

Week 6: Clinton

Group 1:Who was Ross Perot and how did he help Clinton win the election? What did that tell you about the future of American foreign policy?

Mick Cox, US Foreign Policy after the Cold War. Superpower without a Mission ISBN: 1855672219 (pbk); 1855672200pp.8-37. And please do your own research on this topic online.

Group 2:What does Michael Cox mean when he calls Clinton ‘the pragmatic crusader’?

Mick Cox, ‘Wilsonianism resurgent under the Clinton Administration’, Cox, Michael, John Ikenberry and Takashi Inoguchi(eds). American democracy promotion : impulses, strategies, and impactsOxford : Oxford University Press, 2000.

Group 3:Case study: Clinton and US policy to China post-Tiananman. Explain the shift in Clinton’s policy.

Jean A. Garrison, Making China policy : from Nixon to G.W. Bush ISBN: 1588263851 (pbk. : alk. paper); 1588263606 (hardcover : alk. paper)Boulder, Colo. : Lynne Rienner Publishers, c2005, ch.7.

Robert G. Sutter. U.S. policy toward China : an introduction to the role of interest groups ISBN: 0847687252 (paper : alk. paper ; cloth : alk. paper); 0847687244Lanham, Md. : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, c1998, ch.4.

Further Reading:

Tony Smith (1994) America's mission : the United States and the worldwide struggle for democracy in the twentieth century(Princeton, N.J. : Princeton University Press), ch.11.

Tony Smith, ‘Morality and the Use of Force in a Unipolar World: The ‘Wilsonian Moment’?’ Ethics and international affairs ISSN: 0892-6794, Vol.14, 2000.

Clinton’s Foreign Policy’ Foreign policy. ISSN: 0015-7228No.121, 2000, pp.18-29.

Cox, Michael, John Ikenberry and Takashi Inoguchi(eds). American democracy promotion : impulses, strategies, and impactsOxford : Oxford University Press, 2000.

David Hastings Dunn, ‘Isolationism revisited: seven persistent myths in the contemporary American foreign policy debate’, Review of international studies. ISSN: 0260-2105, Vol.31 No.2 April 2005.

Hyland, W, (1999) Clinton's world : remaking American foreign policy ISBN: 0275963969(Greenwood Publishing Group).

Miller, LB (1994), ‘The Clinton years: reinventing US foreign policy’International affairs.[London], Oct Vol.70, No.4, pp.621- 634

Miller, L ‘American foreign policy: beyond containment?’ International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850[London], Apr 1990, Vol.66, No.2, pp.313- 324

Walt, S.M. (2000) ‘Two cheers for Clinton's foreign policy’Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120, Vol.79, No.2, pp.63-79.

Richard Melanson, ‘The Clinton Administration’, American Foreign Policy Since the Vietnam War, M.E.Sharpe.

Ralph, Jason (2000) ‘Persistent Dilemmas: US National Security Policy in the Post Cold War Era’, in Clive Jones and Caroline Kennedy-Pipe (eds). International Security in a Global Age ISBN: 0714681113 (pbk.) : £16.50; 0714650617(Frank Cass)

Wolfowitz, Paul, ‘Clinton’s first year’, Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120, Jan/Feb, 1994.

Week 7: Bush

Group 1: 1. What characterised the Bush administration’s foreign policy prior to 9-11?

Ivo Daalder and James Lindsay (2003) America Unbound: The Bush Revolution in Foreign PolicyThe Brookings Institution, pp.35-77.

Phylis Bennis ‘Before and After ISBN: 1844370011: US foreign policy in 2001’ Institute for Policy Studieswww.ips-dc.org/comment/Bennis/beforeandafter.htm   

  1. Which of Mead’s foreign policy traditions best characterised the Bush presidency?

Two interviews with Walter Russell Mead available online at: http://www.randomhouse.com/knopf/authors/mead/qna.htmland

http://www.cfr.org/publication/6626/mead.html   

Group 2: 1. Why was 9-11 so shocking for America(ns), why did nobody see it coming?

Holland, J. (2009), ‘From September 11th2001 to 9-11: From Void to Crisis’, International Political Sociology ISSN: 1749-5679, 3:3, pp.275-292. (also in Selling the War on Terror ISBN: 9781138797468 (paperback); 9780415519755 (hardback); 0415519756 (hardback); 1138797464 (paperback); 9781136207549 (ebook)).

Gaddis, J. Surprise, security, and the American experience ISBN: 0674018362; 0674011740, Joanna Jackson Goldman Memorial Lecture on American Civilization and Government. (London: Harvard University Press, 2004).

http://www.911commission.gov/report/911Report.pdf

  1. How did the US invade Afghanistan? Has Operation ‘Enduring Freedom’ been a success?

Ivo Daalder and James Lindsay (2003) America Unbound: The Bush Revolution in Foreign PolicyThe Brookings Institution, pp.98-116. (E-book).

Group 3:How was the War in Iraq sold to the American public?

Holland, J. Selling the War on Terror ISBN: 9781138797468 (paperback); 9780415519755 (hardback); 0415519756 (hardback); 1138797464 (paperback); 9781136207549 (ebook), Routledge 2013 (only the relevant bits!)

Further Reading on Bush prior to 9-11

Rice, Condoleezza ‘Promoting the National Interest,’ Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120January/February 2000

Zoellick, Robert B. ‘A Republican Foreign Policy,’Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120January/February 2000

Robert Kagan, ‘The world and President Bush’ Survival ISSN: 0039-6338; 1468-2699, Spring 2001, Vol.43, No.1, pp.7-16

Further (Critical) Reading on 9-11

Anderson, J. 'American Hegemony after 11 September: Allies, Rivals and Contradictions', Geopolitics. ISSN: 1465-0045; 1557-3028, 8:3, (2003), pp.35-60.

Baudrillard, J. The spirit of terrorism : and, Requiem for the Twin Towers ISBN: 1859844111. (London: Verso, 2002).

Callahan, Kathe, Melvin Dubnick and Dorothy Olshfski. (2006) War Narratives: Framing Our Understanding of the War on Terror, Public administration review. ISSN: 0033-335266(4): 554-568.

Campbell, David. (2001) Time Is Broken: The Return of the Past in the Response to September 11, Theory & Event5(4): 1-11.

Croft, Stuart. (2006) Culture, Crisis and America's War on Terror.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Edkins, J. ‘Ground Zero: Reflections on Trauma, in/Distinction and Response’, Journal for cultural research, 8:3, (2004), pp.247-270.

Edkins, Jennifer. (2002) Forget Trauma? Responses to September 11, International relations. ISSN: 0047-117816(2): 243-256.

Faludi, Susan. (2008) The terror dream : what 9/11 revealed about America ISBN: 9781843547792 (pbk.); 1843547791 (pbk.). London: Atlantic.

Frederking, B., Artime, M., and Pagano, M. 'Interpreting September 11', International politics. ISSN: 1384-5748; 1740-3898, 42:1, (2005), pp.135-151.

Hoskins, Andrew. (2006) Temporality, Proximity and Security: Terror in a Media-Drenched Age. International relations. ISSN: 0047-117820(4): 455-466.

Jackson, Richard. (2005) Writing the war on terrorism : language, politics and counter-terrorism ISBN: 0719071216 (pbk) : No price; 0719071208. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Krebs, Ronald and Jennifer Lobasz. (2007) Fixing the Meaning of 9-11: Hegemony, Coercion and the Road to War in Iraq, Security Studies ISSN: 0963-6412; 1556-1852 16(3): 409-451.

Mansbach, R. 'The Meaning of 11 September and the Emerging Postinternational World', Geopolitics. ISSN: 1465-0045; 1557-3028, 8:3, (2003), pp.16-34.

Murphy, John. “Our Mission and Our Moment”: George W. Bush and September 11th,Rhetoric & Public Affairs ISSN: 1094-83926(4): 607-632.

West, M., and Carey, C. '(Re)Enacting Frontier Justice: The Bush Administration's Tactical Narration of the Old West Fantasy after September 11', The Quarterly journal of speech. ISSN: 0033-5630; 1479-5779, 92:4, (2006), pp.379-412.

Widmaier, W . ‘Constructing Foreign Policy Crises: Interpretive Leadership in the Cold War and War on Terror’, International studies quarterly. ISSN: 0020-8833,51:4, (2007), pp.779-794.

Widmaier, W., Blyth, M., and Seabrooke, L. 'Exogenous Shocks or Endogenous Constructions? The Meanings of Wars and Crises', International studies quarterly., 51:4, (2007), pp.747-759.

Zizek, Slavoj. (2002) Welcome to the desert of the real! : five essays on September 11 and related dates ISBN: 1859844219. London: Verso.

The War on Terror and the War in Iraq

Phillipe Sands, Lawless world : America and the making and breaking of global rules ISBN: 0713997923, Penguin Books 2005.

Ivo Daalder and James Lindsay (2003) America Unbound: The Bush Revolution in Foreign PolicyThe Brookings Institution.

David M. Andrews (ed.), The Atlantic Alliance Under Stress. Relations After Iraq, Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Thomas Risse, ‘Beyond Iraq: The Crisis of the Transatlantic Security Community’, David Held and Mathias Koenig-Archibugi, American power in the 21st century ISBN: 0745633471 (pbk); 0745633463, Polity 2004.

 

David C. Hendrickson and Robert W. Tucker, ‘Revision in Need of Revising: What went Wrong in the Iraq War’, Survival ISSN: 0039-6338; 1468-2699, Vol.47, No.2, Summer 2005, pp.7-32.

L.Diamond, ‘What went wrong in Iraq’ Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120September/October, 2004.

The Iraq Study Group Report, December 2006, Available online

Further Reading

M.Boot ‘The new American way of war Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120,Jul-Aug 2003, Vol.82, No.4, pp.41-58.

Richard A. Clarke., Against all enemies : inside America's war on terror ISBN: 0743268237London : Free Press, 2004.

  1. Chesterman, ‘Bush, the United Nations and nation-building’, Survival ISSN: 0039-6338; 1468-2699, Spring 2004, Vol.46, No.1, pp.101-116.

D.Dunn ‘Myths, motivations and 'misunderestimations': the Bush Administration and Iraq’, International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850Mar 2003, Vol.79, No.2, pp.279- 297

Chris J. Dolan and David B. Cohen, ‘The War about Iraq: Iraq and the Politics of National Security Adising in the G.W.Bush first term’, Politics & policy  ISSN: 1555-5623Vol.34 No.1 (2006).

Dunne ‘The United States, the United Nations and Iraq: 'multilateralism of a kind' International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850, Mar 2003, Vol.79, No.2, pp.257- 277.

Freedman, L. ‘Iraq, Liberal Wars and Illiberal Containment’, Survival ISSN: 0039-6338; 1468-2699 Winter 2006.

John Keegan, The Iraq War, London : Hutchinson, 2004.

John Mearsheimer ‘Hans Morgenthau and the Iraq war: realism versus neo-conservatism’ (2005) at  https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/morgenthau_2522jsp/

  1. Nye Jr ‘U.S. power and strategy after Iraq’ Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120, Jul-Aug 2003, Vol.82, No.4, pp.60-73.

Joseph S. Nye,Jr.The Decline of America's Soft Power’,Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120Vol.83 No.3, 2004.   

  1. Roberts ‘United Nations Law and the use of force after Iraq’, Survival ISSN: 0039-6338; 1468-2699, Summer 2003, Vol.45, No.2, pp.31-56

James P. Rubin ‘Stumbling Into War’Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120, September/October 2003

David Ryan amd John Dumbrell (ed.), Vietnam in Iraq. Tactics, Lessons, Legacies and Ghosts, Routledge, 2006. 

Micah Sifry and Christopher Cerf (eds.) The Iraq war reader : history, documents, opinions ISBN: 0743253477, Simon and Schuster, 2003.  

  1. Talbott, War in Iraq, revolution in America International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850Oct 2003, Vol.79, No.5, pp.1037- 1043.

Bob Woodward, (2004) Plan of attack ISBN: 074325547x,Simon and Schuster .

Bob Woodward (2006), State of denial ISBN: 0743295668 (hbk.) : £18.99, Simon and Schuster.

Further Reading on Iraq and the 2004 Election

Ian McAllister, A War Too Far? Bush, Iraq, and the 2004 U.S. Presidential Election Presidential studies quarterly. ISSN: 0360-4918; 1741-5705 (Electronic)June 2006 - Vol. 36 Issue 2.

Philip A. Klinker, Mr. Bush's War: Foreign Policy in the 2004 Election Presidential studies quarterly. ISSN: 0360-4918; 1741-5705 (Electronic)June 2006 - Vol. 36 Issue 2.

John Micklethwait, ‘The Bush re-election and foreign policy after Bush’, International politics. ISSN: 1384-5748; 1740-3898,Vol.42, 2005, pp.499-510 .

 

Further Reading on Iraq and US – European relations

Robert Kagan, Paradise and power : America and Europe in the new world order ISBN: 1843541777, Atlantic Books, 2003.

Lantis_J ‘American perspectives on the transatlantic security agenda’, European security. ISSN: 0966-2839, Winter 2004, Vol.13, No.4, pp.361-380.

Peterson_J ‘America as a European power: the end of empire by integration?’ International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850 [London], Jul 2004, Vol.80, No.4, pp.613- 629.

Hoffmann_S US-European relations: past and future, International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850 [London], Oct 2003, Vol.79, No.5, pp.1029- 1036.

Peter Merkl, The Rift Between America and Old Europe.The Distracted EagleRoutldege 2005.

Comparisons to the Vietnam War

John Mueller, 'The Iraq Syndrome' Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120 Nov/Dec 2005.

Dumbrell and Ryan (eds) Vietnam in Iraq: Tactics, Lessons, Legacies and Ghosts.

 

Stephen Biddle, ‘Seeing Baghdad, Thinking Saigon’, Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120March/April 2006.

 

Impact of the Iraq War on other issues

J.Kurth, (2006), ‘Humanitarian Intervention after Iraq: Legal Ideals vs Military Realities’, Orbis. ISSN: 0030-43875 (1).

... Further (critical) Reading on Iraq

Campbell, D. 'The Biopolitics of Security: Oil, Empire, and the Sports Utility Vehicle', American Quarterly. ISSN: 0003-0678, 57:3, (2005), pp.943-972.

Cramer, J. 'Militarized Patriotism: Why the U.S. Marketplace of Ideas Failed before the Iraq War', Security Studies ISSN: 0963-6412; 1556-1852, 16:3, (2007), pp.489-524.

Cramer, J. ‘MilitarizedPatriotism and the Success of ThreatInflation’, in American Foreign Policy and the Politics of Fear ISBN: 9780415777698 (pbk.) : £22.99; 9780415777681 (cased) : £85.00; 0415777682 (cased) : £85.00; 0415777690 (pbk.) : £22.99; 9780203879092 (ebk.) : No price; 0203879090 (ebk.) : No price: Threat Inflation and 9-11, edited by Thrall, T. and Cramer, J., (Oxford: Routledge, 2009).

Flibbert, A. 'The Road to Baghdad: Ideas and Intellectuals in Explanations of the Iraq War ', Security Studies ISSN: 0963-6412; 1556-1852, 15:2, (2006), pp.310-352.

Cramer, J. and Thrall, T. ‘Introduction: Understanding Threat Inflation’, in American Foreign Policy and the Politics of Fear ISBN: 9780415777698 (pbk.) : £22.99; 9780415777681 (cased) : £85.00; 0415777682 (cased) : £85.00; 0415777690 (pbk.) : £22.99; 9780203879092 (ebk.) : No price; 0203879090 (ebk.) : No price: Threat Inflation and 9-11, edited by Thrall, T. and Cramer, J., (Oxford: Routledge, 2009).

Freedman, L. ‘Prevention, not Preemption’, The Washington quarterly. ISSN: 0163-660X; 1530-9177, 26:2, (2003), pp.105-114.

Kaufmann, C. ‘Threat Inflation and the Failure of the Marketplaceof Ideas: The Selling of the Iraq War’, International security. ISSN: 0162-2889, 29:1, pp.5-48.

Meyer, C. DC confidential : the controversial memoirs of Britain's Ambassador to the U.S. at the time of 9/11 and the Iraq war ISBN: 0753820919 (pbk); 97802978851141; 0297851144 (hbk.) : £20.00. (London: Phoenix, 2006).

Western, J., 'The War over Iraq: Selling War to the American Public', Security Studies ISSN: 0963-6412; 1556-1852, 14:1, (2005), pp.106-139.

Week 8: Obama

Group 1:Did supporters hear more change than Obama promised?

McCrisken, T. (2011) ‘Ten years on: Obama’s War on Terror in Rhetoric and Practice’, International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850, 87:4, 781-801. (re-printed Bentley and Holland eds, Obama’s Foreign Policy ISBN: 9780415662604 (hardback : alk. paper); 0415662605 (hardback : alk. paper); 9781315888545 (e-book : alk. paper); 1315888548 (e-book : alk. paper), Routledge.)

Group 2:Was Obama a Jeffersonian?

Holland, J. ‘Obama as modern Jeffersonian’. In Bentley and Holland eds, Obama’s Foreign Policy ISBN: 9780415662604 (hardback : alk. paper); 0415662605 (hardback : alk. paper); 9781315888545 (e-book : alk. paper); 1315888548 (e-book : alk. paper), Routledge.

Group 3:What was the Obama Doctrine? And what will be Obama’s foreign policy legacy?

Bentley and Holland, eds, The Obama Doctrine ISBN: 9781138831223 (hardback); 1138831220 (hardback); 9781315731346 (ebook), Routledge 2016 (introduction and conclusion, plus chapters of your choosing)

... Further Reading on Obama

I strongly encourage you to search for literature (use Google Scholar, Web of Science etc). Both Obama’s books – Audacity of Hope ISBN: 9781847670830 (pbk.) : £8.99; 1847670830 (pbk.) : £8.99and Dreams from my Father ISBN: 9781847670946 (pbk.) : £8.99; 1847670946 (pbk.) : £8.99– are worth reading. Journal articles have a shorter publication time than books, so it is worth searching major foreign policy journals (Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120, Foreign policy. ISSN: 0015-7228 etc). Likewise, newspapers can produce material rapidly – you should read the New York Times ISSN: 0362-4331and Washington post ISSN: 0190-8286to keep up to date. Both of these will email you for free if you sign up (likewise BBC).

A particularly insightful article in the NYT by Peter Baker available online at: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/06/world/asia/06reconstruct.html

Gene Healy on Afghanistan as Obama’s Vietnam – available online at: http://www.cato.org/pub_display.php?pub_id=10497

Quinn, A. (2011) ‘The Art of Declining Politely’, International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850, 87:4, 803-824. (see also Quinn’s chapter in Bentley and Holland eds, Obama’s Foreign Policy ISBN: 9780415662604 (hardback : alk. paper); 0415662605 (hardback : alk. paper); 9781315888545 (e-book : alk. paper); 1315888548 (e-book : alk. paper), Routledge.)

Barack Obama‘Renewing American Leadership’ Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120, July/August 2007.

  1. J. Lynch and T. B. McCrisken, eds, “Beyond Bush: A New Era in US Foreign Policy?”,International politics. ISSN: 1384-5748; 1740-3898, 46, (2009): 115-18 – whole of this publication is worth reading.

Fomenko, A. The Acheson Doctrine and the Foreign Policy of Barack Obama International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850,  No.5, 2009, page(s): 53-59.

Randall, S. The American Foreign Policy Transition: Barack Obama in Power, Journal of Military and Strategic Studies ISSN: 1488-559X, Fall and Winter 2008/9, Vol. 11, Issues 1 and 2, 2009. Available online.   

Obama’s inaugural address: http://www.lyc-perier.ac-aix-marseille.fr/spip/IMG/pdf/The_White_House_-_Blog_Post_-_President_Barack_Obama_s_Inaugural_Address.pdf   

Wallace Wand Phillips C, Reassessing the special relationshipInternational affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850, Volume:85 Issue:2 Pages:263-+ Published:MAR 2009.   

Webber MNATO: The United States, Transformation and the War in Afghanistan, British journal of politics & international relations. ISSN: 1369-1481, Volume:11 Issue:1 Pages:46-63 Published:FEB 2009.   

Brzezinski Z, ‘Major Foreign Policy challenges for the Next US President’, International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850, Volume:85 Issue:1 Pages:53-+ Published:Jan 2009.   

Hunter RA New American Middle East Strategy?Survival ISSN: 0039-6338; 1468-2699 Volume:50 Issue:6 Pages:49-66 Published:2008.   

 Dreyfuss RObama's evolving foreign policy - Remarkably astute and empathetic, he is a work in progress on national security, Nation, Volume:287 Issue:3 Pages:20-+ Published:July 21 2008. Available online   

  1. Christia and M. Semple, “Flipping the Taliban: How to Win in Afghanistan,” Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120, July/August 2009.

Special edition of Survival‘The Bush Years and Beyond’, February-March 2008.

G.John Ikenberry, ‘America’s Security Trap’, in Michael Cox and Doug Stokes (ed.), (2008), US foreign policyOxford University Press.

Anatol Lieven, ‘The future of US foreign policy’, in Michael Cox and Doug Stokes (ed.), (2008), US foreign policyOxford University Press.

  1. Richardson, ‘A New Realism. A Realistic and Principled Foreign Policy’, Foreign affairs.Vol.87, No.1. (2008)

Stephen R Graubard, ‘A Broader Agenda. Beyond the Bush Era Foreign Policy’ Foreign affairs, Jan/Feb2009, Vol. 88 Issue 1, p176-181

Mitt Romney ‘Rising to a New Generation of Global Challenges’ Foreign affairs, July/August 2007

Mitchell B. Reiss Restoring America's Image: What the Next President Can Do, Survival.Vol.50, No.5 2008.

Michael J. Williams ‘The Coming Revolution in Foreign Affairs: Rethinking American National Security’ International affairs, November 2008.

See also:

Milton Bearden on the redefinition of the ‘AfPak’ region at:

http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/64925/milton-bearden/obamas-war

Ken Roth on the issue of closing Guantanamo at:

http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/64857/kenneth-roth/obamas-prisoners-dilemma

A speech on foreign policy from Obama in 2007 at:

http://www.cfr.org/publication/14356   

And to bring the empirical half of the course full-circle, and temper your Obama enthusiasm, see George Friedman on (unfavourable) comparisons of Obama to Reagan at:

http://www.realclearworld.com/articles/2009/12/15/obamas_foreign_policy_after_year_one.html

Barack Obama‘Renewing American Leadership’ Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120, July/August 2007. His pre-election statement on FP

Barack Obama 2009, ‘The Way Forward in Afghanistan and Pakistan’ December 1, Address to the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York Available online

Inderjeet Parmar (2014) American power and identities in the age of Obama. International politics. ISSN: 1384-5748; 1740-3898,48(2-3), 153-163.

Jack Holland and Michelle Bentley, eds. (2014) Obama's foreign policy : ending the war on terror ISBN: 9780415662604 (hardback : alk. paper); 0415662605 (hardback : alk. paper); 9781315888545 (e-book : alk. paper); 1315888548 (e-book : alk. paper).London: Routledge.

Inderjeet Parmar, Linda B. Miller, Mark Ledwidge (eds), Obama and the world : new directions in US foreign policy ISBN: 9780415715232 (pbk.); 9780415715225 (hardback); 9781315879789 (e-book), 2nd edition (London: Routledge, 2014)

R Chaudhuri and T Farrell, Campaign disconnect: operational progress and strategic obstacles in Afghanistan, 2009–2011’ International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850, Volume 87, Issue 2, 1 March 2011, Pages 271–296,

  1. J. Lynch and T. B. McCrisken, eds, “Beyond Bush: A New Era in US Foreign Policy?”, International politics. ISSN: 1384-5748; 1740-3898, 46, (2009): 115-18

Jonathan Chait (2016) Five Days That Shaped a Presidency, NY Magazine. available:

http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2016/10/barack-obama-on-5-days-that-shaped-his-presidency.html

Baker, P ‘How Obama came to plan for ‘surge’ in Afghanistan’ New York Times ISSN: 0362-4331, 2009

  1. McCrisken, ‘Justifying sacrifice: Barack Obama and the selling and ending of the war in Afghanistan’ International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850, Volume 88, Issue 5, pages 993–1007, September 2012

Leila Hudson, Colin S. Owens and Matt Flannes, ‘Drone warfare: blowback from the new American way of war’, Middle East policy. ISSN: 1061-1924 18: 3, Fall 2011, pp. 122–32.

Steven P Lee (2015) Human Rights and Drone “Warfare”. Peace Review ISSN: 1040-265927 (4) p. 432.

Alcides Eduardo dos Reis Peron (2014) "The “Surgical” Legitimacy of Drone Strikes? Issues of Sovereignty and Human Rights in the Use of Unmanned Aerial Systems in Pakistan." Journal of Strategic Security7(4): 81-93. Available online

Mike Fowler (2014) "The Strategy of Drone Warfare." Journal of Strategic Security7(4): 108-119. Available online

Fomenko, A. The Acheson Doctrine and the Foreign Policy of Barack Obama International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850, 2009: 53-59.

Randall, S. (2009)The American Foreign Policy Transition: Barack Obama in Power, Journal of Military and Strategic Studies ISSN: 1488-559X, Fall and Winter 2008/9, Vol. 11, Available online.  

James M. Lindsay, George W. Bush, Barack Obama and the future of US global leadership,’ International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850vol. 87 no. 4 (2011) pp. 765-779

Daniel W Drezner, ‘Does Obama Have a Grand Strategy? Why We Need Doctrines in Uncertain Times,’ Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120, 2011

Zbigniew Brzezinski, From Hope to AudacityAppraising Obama's Foreign Policy, Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120 2009.

Henry Kissinger, ‘Obama’s Foreign Policy Challenge’, Washington post ISSN: 0190-8286 2009.

Nicholas Bouchet, ‘Barack Obama’s democracy promotion at midterm’, International journal of human rights. ISSN: 1364-2987 forthcoming 2011 available on VLE.

Jason Ralph, Law, War and the State of the American Exception  ISSN: 0260-2105available on VLE.

Inderjeet Parmar, Foreign policy fusion: Liberal interventionists, conservative nationalists and neoconservatives — the new alliance dominating the US foreign policy establishment, International politics. ISSN: 1384-5748; 1740-3898(2009) 46, 177–209.

Giorgio Dominese ‘America and the World. Obama and the War. Transition Studies Review16 (1) 2009. Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

John Dumbrell, ‘American Power. Crisis or Renewal?’ Politics. ISSN: 0263-3957; 1467-9256Vol.30 December 2010.

Bob Woodward, Obama's wars ISBN: 9781439172490; 9781439172513 (ebook), 2010.

Richard Lappin ‘Obama and Democracy Assistance: Challenges and Responses’ Available online 

Michael Desch, ‘The more things change the more they stay the same. The Liberal Tradition of Obama’s Counterterrorism policy’, PS : political science and politics. ISSN: 1049-0965 2010

Robert Kagan, ‘Obama Year One’, World affairs. ISSN: 0043-8200; 1940-1582Volume 172, Number 3 / January - February 2010

The situation in 2008

Special edition of Survival ISSN: 0039-6338; 1468-2699‘The Bush Years and Beyond’, February-March 2008.

G.John Ikenberry, ‘America’s Security Trap’, in Michael Cox and Doug Stokes (ed.), (2008), US Foreign PolicyOxford University Press.

Anatol Lieven, ‘The future of US foreign policy’, in Michael Cox and Doug Stokes (ed.), (2008), US Foreign PolicyOxford University Press.

  1. Richardson, ‘A New Realism. A Realistic and Principled Foreign Policy’, Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120Vol.87, No.1. (2008)

Stephen R Graubard, ‘A Broader Agenda. Beyond the Bush Era Foreign Policy’ Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120, Jan/Feb2009, Vol. 88 Issue 1, p176-181

Mitt Romney‘Rising to a New Generation of Global Challenges’ Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120, July/August 2007

Mitchell B. ReissRestoring America's Image: What the Next President Can DoSurvival ISSN: 0039-6338; 1468-2699 Vol.50, No.5 2008.

Martin Walker‘The Year of the Insurgents: The 2008 US Presidential Campaign’, International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850 November 2008

Richard N.; Haass, Martin Indyk, ‘Beyond Iraq’ Foreign affairs. ISSN: 0015-7120, Jan/Feb2009, Vol. 88 Issue 1, p41-58

Toby Dodge‘Iraq and the Next American President’ Survival ISSN: 0039-6338; 1468-2699 Vol.50, No.5 2008.

Michael J. Williams ‘The Coming Revolution in Foreign Affairs: Rethinking American National Security’ International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850, November 2008.

Andreas Krieg (2016) Externalizing the burden of war: the Obama Doctrine and US foreign policy in the Middle East, International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850, Volume 92:1.

Adam Quinn (2011) ‘The Art of Declining Politely’, International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850, 87:4, 803-824.

  1. J. Lynch and T. B. McCrisken, eds, “Beyond Bush: A New Era in US Foreign Policy?”, International politics. ISSN: 1384-5748; 1740-3898, 46, (2009): 115-18

M Bentley and J Holland, eds, The Obama Doctrine ISBN: 9781138831223 (hardback); 1138831220 (hardback); 9781315731346 (ebook), Routledge 2016

Jon Lee Anderson (October 2016) A New Cuba. The New Yorker. ISSN: 0028-792X.

David Skidmore (2012) The Obama Presidency and US Foreign Policy: Where's the Multilateralism? International studies perspectives. ISSN: 1528-3577. 13(1): 43-64.

Inderjeet Parmar (2010). Plus Ca Change? American Foreign Policy under Obama. Political Insight ISSN: 2041-9058,1(1), 14-16.

Vladislav Zubok (2016) Russia, the US and the Backstory Behind the Breakdown. Wilson quarterly. ISSN: 0363-3276, Winter 2016. Available at: http://wilsonquarterly.com/quarterly/the-post-obama-world/russia-the-u-s-and-the-backstory-behind-the-breakdown/

Kroenig M (2015) Facing Reality: Getting NATO Ready for a New Cold War. Survival : global politics and strategy. ISSN: 0039-6338; 1468-2699 57(1): 49-70.

Cold War 2.0: how Russia and the west reheated a historic struggle

(October, 2016) The Guardian. Available:

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/oct/24/cold-war-20-how-russia-and-the-west-reheated-a-historic-struggle

Syria

Fawaz A. Gerges (2013) ‘The Obama approach to the Middle East: the end of America's moment?’ International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850 89(2): 299-323

Amos Guiora "Intervention in Libya, Yes; Intervention in Syria, No: Deciphering the Obama Administration." Case Western Reserve journal of international law. ISSN: 0008-7254 44.Issues 1 and 2 (2011): 251-276.

Robert E. Hunter‘A New American Middle East Strategy?’ Survival ISSN: 0039-6338; 1468-2699 Vol.50 No.6 2008

Donette Murray (2013) Military action but not as we know it: Libya, Syria and the making of an Obama Doctrine. Contemporary Politics ISSN: 1356-977519(2).

Samuel Charap (2013) Russia, Syria and the Doctrine of Intervention. Survival : global politics and strategy. ISSN: 0039-6338; 1468-2699.55(1).

Andreas Krieg (2016) Externalizing the burden of war: the Obama Doctrine and US foreign policy in the Middle East. International affairs. ISSN: 0020-585092(1): 97–113.

Michelle Bentley (2014) Strategic taboos: chemical weapons and US foreign policy. International affairs. ISSN: 0020-5850.90(5).

Daniel Byman (2015) Six Bad Options for Syria. The Washington quarterly. ISSN: 0163-660X; 1530-9177

38(4).

WEEK 9 IS A READING WEEK

EASTER BREAK

Week 10: Trump

Group 1: How did Trump win the 2016 US election? And why were the pundits so wrong?

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/election-us-2016-37918303

http://www.forbes.com/sites/omribenshahar/2016/11/17/the-non-voters-who-decided-the-election-trump-won-because-of-lower-democratic-turnout/#549f5ace40a1

http://fivethirtyeight.com/features/election-update-yes-donald-trump-has-a-path-to-victory/

http://michaelmoore.com/trumpwillwin/

Group 2:Does Donald Trump’s victory mark the end of American liberal internationalism?

2016 context: https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/oct/13/liberal-internationalists-populists-globalisation

Trump as Offensive Realist: http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/usappblog/2016/07/29/american-voters-choice-is-between-clintons-liberal-internationalism-and-trumps-offensive-realism-who-wins-in-november-matters-to-the-world/

Trump as Jacksonian: http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2016/01/donald-trump-foreign-policy-213546

http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2016/05/the-jacksonian-candidate/483563/

Group 3:Is Donald Trump a Jacksonian?

http://www.wsj.com/articles/donald-trumps-jacksonian-revolt-1478886196

http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2016/05/the-jacksonian-candidate/483563/

http://www.nationalreview.com/article/436544/donald-trump-jacksonian-voters-andrew-jackson-nationalist-politics-are-back

https://niskanencenter.org/blog/obama-trump-jacksonian-foreign-policy/

Good Reading:

Reading list:

Stephen Sestanovich ‘The brilliant incoherence of Trump’s foreign policy’ The Atlantic May 2017.

https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2017/05/the-brilliant-incoherence-of-trumps-foreign-policy/521430/

Thomas Wright, ‘Trump’s 19th Century Foreign Policy,’ Politico, January 20, 2016 http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2016/01/donald-trump-foreign-policy-213546

William A. Galston (2017) ‘The 2016 U.S. Election: The Populist Moment’ Journal of democracy. ISSN: 1045-5736 28:2 pg 21-33.

http://journalofdemocracy.org/sites/default/files/03_28.2_Galston%20%28web%29%20%28002%29.pdf   

Ronald Brownstein (2016) How Trump Won, The Atlantic9 Nov 2016.

https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2016/11/how-trump-won/507053/

‘How Trump Won and Why Clinton Lost the Election – 13 Theories’ (2016) Vox.com

http://www.salon.com/2016/12/26/13-theories-on-why-trump-won-and-how-clinton-lost_partner/

LSE US Centre, The Ballpark podcast Episode 2.3: Trumpian Foreign Policy

http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/usappblog/2017/06/03/the-ballpark-podcast-episode-2-3-trumpian-foreign-policy/

Rebecca Friedman, War on The Rocks, The Risk of Nuclear Catastrophe under Trump

23 May , 2017

https://warontherocks.com/2017/05/the-risk-of-nuclear-catastrophe-under-trump/

Ankit Panda, ‘What the Intel Leaks Are Telling Us About North Korea’s Nukes’ PoliticoPro, August 16, 2017.

http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2017/08/16/what-the-intel-leaks-are-telling-us-about-north-koreas-nukes-215495

Max Boot (November 2016) Trump’s ‘America First’ Is the Twilight of American Exceptionalism. Foreign policy. ISSN: 0015-7228.

Angelo M. Codevilla (October 2016) Make America Victorious Again. From The Claremont Institute.Available: http://www.claremont.org/crb/basicpage/make-america-victorious-again/(this was on influence on the Trump FP campaign message)

Matt Taibbi‘How America Made Donald Trump Unstoppable’ Rolling Stone February 24, 2016 Available online

C Friedersdorf, The Atlantic ‘David Petraeus Sends Mixed Messages on War Powers’

https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2017/06/david-petraeus-the-aumf-is-stretched-beyond-recognition/532443/(on the stretching of the 2001 AUMF)

Jonathan Chait (September 2016) Colin Kaepernick and Patriotism at the End of the Obama Era. NY Magazine.Available:

http://nymag.com/daily/intelligencer/2016/09/colin-kaepernick-and-patriotism-in-the-obama-era.html

Rosa Brooks (December 2016) Don’t Freak Out About Trump’s Cabinet Full of Generals. Foreign policy. ISSN: 0015-7228

Zack Beauchamp, Vox, ‘Steve Bannon tried to destroy “globalism.” It destroyed him instead.

https://www.vox.com/world/2017/8/18/16169486/steve-bannon-departure-foreign-policy

 

Plus further reading to be added.

Week 11: The future

This list was last updated on 14/01/2019