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Module Reading List

Water Quality, 2019/20, Semester 2
Dr Colin Pitts
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Key Texts/Journal Articles

Abel, P.D., "   Water Pollution Biology", Taylor & Francis, 2nd Edition,1996.

Armitage, P.D., "The Effects of Mine Drainage and Organic Enrichment on Benthos in the River Nent System, Northern Pennines", Hydrobiologia 74, 1980, 119-128.

Armitage, P.D., Pardo, I., Furse, M.T., and Wright, J.F., "Assessment and Prediction of Biological Quality: A Demonstration of a British Macroinvertebrate Based Method in Two Spanish Rivers", Limnetica, 6, 1990, 147-156. Available online.

Ball, S. Bell, S. (1997) Environmental Law : The Law and Policy relating to the Protection of the Environment, 4th Edition, Blackstone, London.

Bell, H.L., "Effect of Low pH on the Survival and Emergence of Aquatic Insects", Water Research Pergamon Press, Vol. 5, 1971, 313-319.

Balloch, D., Davies, C.E., and Jones, F.H., "Biological Assessment of Water Quality in Three British Rivers The North Esk (Scotland), The Ivel (England) and The Taf (Wales)", Water Pollution Control, West Midlands Branch, 1976, 92-110.

Bramley, M. "Future Issues in Environmental Protection: a European Perspective", Journal of CIWEM, Vol. 11, 1997, pp.79-86.

Chandler, J., "Integrated Catchment Management Planning", Journal IWEM, Vol.8, 1994, pp.93-96.

Diamond, M., Hirst, D., Winder, L., Crawshaw, D.H., Prigg, R.F., "The effect of liming agricultural land on the chemistry and biology of the River Esk, north-west England", Environmental Pollution 78, 1992, 179-185.

Dills, G., Rogers, D.T., "Macroinvertebrate Community Structure as an Indicator of Acid Mine Pollution", Environmental Pollution, 6, 1974, 239-262.

Donald, A.P., Gee, A.S., "Acid waters in upland Wales: causes, effects and remedies", Environmental Pollution 78, 1992, 141-148.

Extence, C.A., Bates, A.J., Forbes, W.J., and Barham, P.J., "Biologically Based Water Quality Management" Environmental Pollution, 45, 1987, 221-236.

Foster, J.A., McDonald, A.T., Macgill, S.M., Mitchell, I., "GIS-based risk assessment of water supply intakes in the British uplands", Environmental Software Systems, Vol.2, 1997, pp.252-258.

Fjellheim, A., Raddum, G.G., "Recovery of acid-sensitive species of Ephemeroptera, Plecoptera and Trichoptera in River Audna after liming", Environmental Pollution 78, 1992, 173-178.

Gardiner, J.L., "River Catchment Planning for Land Drainage, Flood Defence and the Environment",   Journal .IWEM, Vol.4, 1990, pp.442-449.

Gardiner, J.L., "Sustainable Development for River Catchments" , Journal.IWEM, Vol.8, 1994, pp.308-319.

Gardiner, J.L., "The use of EIA in delivering sustainable development through integrated water management", European Water Pollution Control, Vol.6, No.1, 1996, pp. 50-59.  

Gower, A.M., Myers, G., Kent, M., and Foulkes, M.E., "Relationships between macroinvertebrate communities and environmental variables in metal-contaminated streams in south-west England", Freshwater Biology, 32, 1994, 199-221.

Gray, N.F., "Water Technology An Introduction for Environmental Scientists and Engineers", Arnold, London, 1999.

Green, A., "An Assessment of the Suitability of the Environment Agency’s Water Quality Classification System for Use in Urban Catchments",   J.CIWEM, Vol. 14, 2000, pp.131-139.

Harriman, R., Morrison, B.R.S., "Ecology of streams draining forested and non-forested catchments in an area of central Scotland subject to acid precipitation", Hydrobiologia 88, 1982, 251-263.

Howells, G., Dalziel, T.R.K., Turnpenny, A.W.H., "Loch Fleet: liming to restore a brown trout fishery", Environmental Pollution 78, 1992, 131-139.

Institution of Water and Environmental Management, "  Unit Processes: Activated Sludge", IWEM Manuals of British Practice in Water Pollution Control, 1987.

Institution of Water and Environmental Management, "Unit Processes: Tertiary Treatment and Advanced Waste Water Treatment", IWEM Manuals of British Practice in Water Pollution Control, 1989.

Institute of Water Pollution Control, "Unit Processes: Sewage Sludge III Utilization and Disposal", Institute of Water Pollution Control Manuals of British Practice in Water Pollution Control, 1978.

Institute of Water Pollution Control, "Unit Processes: Sewage Sludge 1 Production, Preliminary Treatment and Digestion", Institute of Water Pollution Control Manuals of British Practice in Water Pollution Control, 1979. Available online

Institute of Water Pollution Control,     "Unit Processes: Sewage Sludge II Conditioning, Dewatering and Thermal Drying", Institute of   Water Pollution Control Manuals of British Practice in Water Pollution Control, 1981.

Institute of Water Pollution Control, "Unit Processes Preliminary Processes", Institute of Water Pollution Control: Manuals of British Practice in Water Pollution Control, 2nd Edition, 1984.   

Jarvis, A.P., Younger, P.L., "Dominating Chemical Factors In Mine Water Induced Impoverishment of the Invertebrate Fauna of Two Streams in the Durham Coalfield, UK", Chemistry and Ecology, 13, 1997, 249-270 (Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva)

Johnstone, D.W.M, Horan, N.J., "Standards, Costs and Benefits: An International Perspective", J.IWEM, Vol.8, 1994, pp.450-458.

Jones, J.G., "Studies on Freshwater Bacteria: Effect of Medium Composition and Method on Estimates of Bacterial Population", Journal of Applied Bacteriology, Vol. 33, pp.679-686.

Kay, D. (Ed.)., " Recreational Water Quality and Management Coastal Waters", Vol.1, Ellis Horwood Ltd, 1992.

Kay, D., Hanbury, R., (Eds.) "Recreational Water Quality Management Fresh Waters", Vol.2, Ellis Horwood, London, 1993.

LeChevallier, M.W., Norton, W.D., Lee, R.G., "Occurrence of Giardia and Cryptosporidium spp. In Surface Water Supplies", Applied and Environmental Microbiology, Vol. 57, No. 9, 1991, pp. 2610-2616.

Macilwaine, R.V., Flew, N.W.J., Cooper, J.N.M, "Sankey Brook Catchment Study", J. IWEM, Vol.8, 1994, pp.576-584.

Mason, C.F., "Biology of Freshwater Pollution", Longman, 3rd Edition, 1996.

McCahon, C.P., Prascoe, D., "Short-term Experimental Acidification of a Welsh Stream: Toxicity of Different Forms of Aluminium at low pH to Fish and Invertebrates", Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 18, 1989, 233-242.

McCahon, C.P., Poulton, M.J., "Lethal and sub-lethal effects of acid, aluminium and lime on Gammarus pulex during repeated simulated episodes in a Welsh stream", Freshwater Biology  25, 1991, 169-178.

Minshall, G. W., Minshall, J. N., "Further evidence on the role of chemical factors in determining the distribution of benthic invertebrates in the River Duddon",   Archiv fur Hydrobiologie, Vol. 83, No.3, 1978, 324-355.  

Moss, D., Furse, M.T., Wright, J.F., and Armitage, P.D., "The Prediction of the Macro-invertebrate Fauna of Unpolluted Running Water Sites in Great Britain Using Environmental Data", Freshwater Biology, 17, 1987, 41-52.

National Rivers Authority, "Proposals for Statutory Water Quality Objectives", Water Quality Series No.5, December 1991.

National Rivers Authority., "Abandoned Mines and the Water Environment", Water Quality Series No. 14, HMSO, 1994.

National Rivers Authority, " Water Quality Objectives Procedures used by the National Rivers Authority for the purpose of the Surface Waters (River Ecosystem) (Classification) Regulations 1994", Water Quality Planning Dept (NRA), March 1994.

Nelson, S.M., Roline, R.A., "Recovery of a stream macroinvertebrate community from mine drainage disturbance", Hydrobiologia 339, 1996, 73-84.

Ormerod, S.J., Boole, P., McCahon, C.P., Weatherley, N.S., Pascoe, D., Edwards, R.W., "Short-term experimental acidification of a Welsh stream: comparing the biological effects of hydrogen ions and aluminium", Freshwater Biology 17, 1987, 341-356.

Ormerod, S.J., Weatherley, N.S., Merrett, W.J., "Restoring Acidified Streams in Upland Wales: A Modelling Comparison of the Chemical and Biological Effects of Liming and Reduced Sulphate Deposition", Environmental Pollution 64, 1990, 67-85.

Pattinson, V.A., Butcher, D.P., Labadz, J.C., "The Mangement of Water Colour in Peatland Catchments", J.IWEM, Vol.8, 1994, pp.298-307.

Pinder, L.C.V., Ladle, M., Gledhill, T., Bass, J.A.B., and Matthews, A.M.,"Biological Surveillance of Water Quality- A Comparison of Macroinvertebrate Surveillance Methods in Relation to Assessment of Water Quality in a Chalk Stream.", Hydrobiology, Vol. 109, No.2, 1987, 207-226.

Ross, S.L., "Setting Effluent Consent Standards", J.IWEM, Vol.8, 1994, pp.656-663.

Rutt, G.P., Weatherley, N.S., Ormerod, S.J., "Relationships between the physicochemistry and macroinvertebrates of British upland streams: the development of modelling and indicator systems for predicting fauna and detecting acidity", Freshwater Biology, 24, 1990.

Sutcliffe, D.W., Carrick, T.R., "Studies on mountain streams in the English Lake District", Freshwater Biology, Vol.3, 1973, 437-462.

Starnes, L.B., "Aquatic Community Response to Techniques Utilized to Reclaim Eastern U.S. Coal Surface Mine Impacted Streams", In Gore, J.A. (Ed) Butterworth, 1985, 193-222.  

Tester, D.J., "Statutory Water Quality Objectives on the River Cam", J.IWEM, Vol.8, 1994, pp.246-255.

Waters, D., Jenkins, A., "Impacts of afforestation on water quality trends in two catchments in mid-Wales", Environmental Pollution, Vol. 77, 1992, pp.167-172.

Weatherley, N.S., Ormerod, S.J., "The Impact of Acidification on Macroinvertebrate Assemblages in Welsh Streams: Towards an Empirical Model", Environmental Pollution 46, 1987, 223-240.

Wilby, R., "Modelling the impact of extreme weather on surface water acidity regimes",   IAHS Publication. No 230, 1995, 15-24.

Wren, C.D., Stephenson, G.L., "The Effect of Acidification on the Accumulation and Toxicity of Metals to Freshwater Invertebrates", Environmental Pollution Vol. 71, 1991, pp.205-241.

Wright, J.F., Moss, D., Armitage, P.D., and Furse, M.T., "A Preliminary Classification of Running-Water Sites in Great Britain Based on Macro-invertebrate Species and the Prediction of Community Type Using Environmental Data", Freshwater Biology 14, 1984, 221-256.

Wright, J.F., Furse, M.T., Armitage, P.D., "RIVPACS- a technique for evaluating the biological quality of rivers in the U.K." European Water Pollution Control, Vol.3, No.4, 1993, 15-25.  

Wright, J.F., Sutcliffe, D.W., Furse, M.T., Assessing the biological quality of fresh waters : RIVPACS and other techniques, Freshwater Biological Association, 2000.

Zabel, T.F., "Developments in European Water Policy", J.WEM, Vol.8, 1994, pp.513-517.



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1. Introduction to water quality and water pollution

Ab   el, P.D. (1996). Chapter 1. pp.1-20.

Gray, N.F. (1999). Chapter 1. pp.1-33. Chapter 8. pp.133-178.

Mason, C.F. (1996). Chapter 1. pp.1-19.



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2. Sewage Treatment and utilization

Abel, P.D. (1996) Chapter 5. pp.175-176. Chapter 6. pp.187-198.

Gray, N.F. (1999). Chapter 14-21. pp. 301-519.

Institution of Water and Environmental Management: 1987, Chapters 2, 4, 5 and 8: 1989, Chapters 2 and 3.

Institute of Water Pollution Control: 1978, Chapters 1 and 2: 1979, Chapters 2,3 and 4: 1981, Chapter 1, 2 and 3: 1984, Chapter 2, 3 and 4.

Mason, C.F. (1996). Chapter 3. pp. 57-71.



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3. Impact of Sewage Treatment Works (STW) on the aquatic environment

Mason, C.F. (1996). Chapter 3. pp.73-90.



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4. Aquatic Toxicology

Abel, P.D. (1996). Chapter 4. pp.113-161.

Mason, C.F. (1996). Chapter 2. pp.20-43. Chapter 5. pp.137-161.

Wren, C.D., Stephenson, G.L. (1991) pp.205-241.



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5. Ecological Monitoring

Abel, P.D. (1996). Chapter 3. pp. 67-109.

Armitage, P.D., Pardo, I., (et al) (1990) pp.147-156.

Balloch, D., Davies, C.E., Jones, F.H., (1976) pp.92-110.

Extence, C.A., Bates, A.J., (et al) (1987) pp.221-236.

Mason, C.F. (1996). Chapter 10. pp.220-245.

Minshall, G.W., Minshall, J.N., (1978) pp.324-355.

Moss, D., Furse, M.T., (et al) (1987) pp.41-52.

Pinder, L.C.V., Ladle, M., (et al) (1987) pp.207-226.

Wright, J.F., Moss, D., (et al) (1984) pp.221-256.

Wright, J.F., Furse, M.T., and Armitage, P.D., (1993) pp. 15-25.



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6. Acid Mine Drainage

Armitage, P.D. (1980) pp. 119-128.

Dills, G., Rogers, D.T. (1974) pp. 239-262.

Gower, A.M., Myers, G., (et al) (1994) pp. 199-221.

Jarvis, A.P., Younger, P.L., (1997) pp. 249-270.

Mason, C.F. (1996) Chapter 5. p.162.

National Rivers Authority (1994).

Nelson, S.M., Roline, R.A., (1996) pp.73-84.

Starnes, L.B., (1985) pp.193-222.



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7. Acidic Deposition

Abel, P.D. (1996) Chapter 2. pp. 59-63.

Ball, S., Bell, S. Chapter 12. pp. 341-342.

Bell, H.L., (1971) pp.313-319.

Diamond, M., Hirst, D., (et al) (1992) pp.179-185.

Donald, A.P., Gee, A.S., (1992) pp.141-148.

Fjellheim, A., Raddum, G.G., (1992) pp.173-178.

Harriman, R., Morrison, B.R.S., (1982) pp.251-263.

Howells, G., Dalziel, T.R.K., (et al) 1992 pp.131-139.

McCahon, C.P., Pascoe, D., (1989) pp.233-242

McCahon, C.P., Poulton, M.J., (1991) pp.169-178.

Ormerod, S.J., Boole, P., (et al) (1987) pp.341-356.

Ormerod, S.J., Weatherley, N.S., (et al) (1990) pp.67-85.

Rutt, G.P., Weatherley, N.S., (et al) (1990)

Sutcliffe, D.W., Carrick, T.R., (1973) pp.437-462.

Weatherley, N.S., Ormerod, S.J., (1987) pp.223-240.

Wilby, R. (1995) pp.15-24.



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8. Upland Water Supplies and Drinking Water Contamination

Foster, J.A., McDonald, A.T., (et al) (1997) pp.252-258.

Gray, N.F. (1999) Chapter 11. pp.227-250.

LeChevallier, M.W., Norton, W.D., (et al) (1991) pp.2610-2616.

Pattinson, V.A., Butcher, D.P. (et al) (1994) pp.298-307.

Waters, D., Jenkins, A. (1992) pp. 167-172.



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9. Recreational issues and water quality

Jones, J.G., (1970) pp.679-686.

Kay, D. (1992) Chapter 1. pp. 15-19. Chapter 3. pp. 25-32. Chapter 6. pp.71-89. Chapter 7. pp. 89-105. Chapter 8. pp.105-113. Chapter 10. pp. 129-156.

Kay, D., Hanbury, R., (1993) Chapter 4. pp. 45-57. Chapter 6. pp. 75-107. Chapter 8. pp.123-137. Chapter 13. pp.201-208. Chapter 14. pp. 209-225.



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10. Eutrophication

Abel, P.D. (1996) Chapter 2. pp.42-45

Mason, C.F. (1996) Chapter 4. pp.93-137




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11. Catchment Management Plans (CMP) and water quality/policy issues

Bramley, M. (1997) pp. 79-86.

Chandler, J. (1994) pp.93-96.

Gardiner, J.L. (1990) pp.442-449.

Gardiner, J.L. (1994) pp.308-319.

Gardiner, J.L. (1996) pp.50-59.

Green, A. (2000) pp.131-139.

Johnstone, D.W.M, Horan, N.J. (1994) pp.450-458.

Macilwaine, R.V., Flew, N.W.J. (et al) (1994) pp. 576-584.

Mason, C.F. (1996) Chapter 12. pp.277-278.

National Rivers Authority (December 1991).

National rivers Authority (March 1994)

Ross, S.L. (1994) pp.656-663.

Tester, D.J. (1994) pp.246-255.

Zabel, T.F. (1994) pp.513-517.



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12. Law and water pollution in the UK.

Abel, P.D. (1996) Chapter 6. pp.199-218.

Ball, S., Bell, S., Chapter 14. pp.432-483. Chapter 15. pp.483-490.

Gray, N.F. (1999) Chapter 1. pp.28-30.

Kay, D. (1992) Chapter 5. pp.49-71.

This list was last updated on 26/06/2008