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COMM3950
COMM3950 Module Reading List

Promotional Culture, 2019/20, Semester 2
Dr Penny Rivlin
P.L.Rivlin@leeds.ac.uk
Tutor information is taken from the Module Catalogue

Week 1: Introduction to Promotional Culture

Williams, R. (1980) ‘Advertising: The magic system’, in (ed) Problems in Materialism and Culture ISBN: 0860917290 (pbk ; cased) : £3.95; 0860910288. London: Verso, pp. 170 - 195. Reprinted in: Williams, R. ‘Advertising: The magic system’, in Advertising & Society Review ISSN: 1534-7311, 1(1), 2000. Library link to Journal available at: http://lib.leeds.ac.uk/record=b2659524~S5  

Supplementary reading:

Davis, A. (2013) Promotional Cultures: The rise and spread of advertising, marketing, public relations, marketing and branding. Cambridge: Polity Press. ‘Introduction’, pp. 1-12, and Chapter 2, ‘Production: Industry and its critics’. Available as an e-book: http://lib.leeds.ac.uk/record=b3631521~S5

Holm, A. (2017) Advertising and Consumer Society: A Critical Introduction. New York and London: Palgrave. Chapter 1: ‘Introduction: Why study advertising’? pp. 1-13.

Wernick, A. (1991) Promotional culture : advertising, ideology and symbolic expression ISBN: 0803983905; 0803983913 (pbk). London: SAGE. Chapter 8, ‘The promotional condition of contemporary culture’, pp. 181- 197. [Wernick coined the term ‘promotional culture’ in this classic text, offering a broad definition].

Other Readings: Good sources to regularly review across the module are: On PR:

Daymon, C. and Demetrious, K., (2014) (eds.) Gender and public relations: Critical perspectives on voice, image and identity. Abingdon: Routledge

Tench, R. and Yeomans, L. (2017, 4th Ed., or earlier editions) Exploring Public Relations: Global Strategic Communication. Pearson: Harlow.

On Promotional Culture:

Dyer, G. (1982 [1995] Advertising as Communication. London: Routledge.

Einstein, M. (2017) Advertising: What everyone needs to know ISBN: 9780190625917 (e-book) 9780190625917 (ebook). Oxford: Oxford University Press. Available as an e-book. (good introductory chapters to many of the key themes of the module).

Ewan, S. (2001) Captains of Consciousness: Advertising and the Social Roots of the Consumer Culture. 5th Edition. New York: Basic Books.

Goldman, R. and Papson, S. (2011) Landscapes of capital: Representing time, space, and globalization in corporate advertising. Cambridge: Polity. Available as an e-book.

Gorman, L. and McLean, D. (2002) Media and society in the twentieth century : an historical introduction ISBN: 0631222359 (pbk.) : £14.99; 0631222340. 2nd edition. Oxford: Blackwell, Chapter 5.

Hamilton, J.F., Bodle, R. and Ezequiel, K. (eds.) (2016) Explorations in critical studies of advertising ISBN: 9781317232971 (ePub ebook) : £34.99; 9781138649521 (hbk.) : £85.00; 9781317232988 (PDF ebook) : £34.99; 9781317232964 (Mobipocket ebook) : £34.99; 9781315625768 (ebook) : £34.99. New York and London: Routledge. Available as an e-book. (Numerous chapters that are relevant for assignment questions).

Holm, N. (2017) Advertising and Consumer Society: A Critical Introduction. London: Palgrave.

Journal of advertising (2003) Abingdon; Spring. 32(1): Special Issue on Advertising and Consumer Culture.

McAllister, M. P. and West, E. (eds.) (2013) The Routledge Companion to Advertising and Promotional Culture. London and New York: Routledge. (Numerous chapters that are relevant for assignment questions).

Powell, H. (2013) Promotional Culture and Convergence. London: Routledge.

Powell, H., Hardy, J., Hawkin, S. and Macrury, I. (2018, 4th Ed.) The Advertising Handbook. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. Available as an e-book: http://lib.leeds.ac.uk/record=b3705828~S5 .Earlier editions available in hard copy.

Sinclair, J. (2012) Advertising, the media and globalisation : A world in motion. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.

Turow, J. and McAllister, M.P. (2009) The advertising and consumer culture reader ISBN: 9780415963305 (pbk.) : £25.99; 9780415963299 (cased) : £60.00; 041596329X (cased) : £60.00; 0415963303 (pbk.) : £25.99. London: Routledge.

Wernick, A. (1991) Promotional culture : advertising, ideology and symbolic expression ISBN: 0803983905; 0803983913 (pbk). London: Sage.

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Week 2: Creating Circumstances: Early PR and Propaganda

Bernays, Edward (1928) Propaganda ISBN: 0970312598 (alk. paper) ISBN: 0970312598 (alk. paper). New York: IG Publishing, pp. 1- 61.   

Ewan, S. (1996) PR! : a social history of spin ISBN: 0465061796. New York: Basic Books. Chapter 5.  OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (IK 05/02/2019) 

Miller-Russell, K. and Bishop, C. (2009) Understanding Ivy Lee’s declaration of principles: U.S. newspaper and magazine coverage of publicity and press agentry, 1865-1904, Public relations review, 35(2), pp. 91-101.  

Supplementary Reading:

Curran, J. (2011) Media and Democracy. London: Taylor Francis. Chapter 10. (Available as an e-book).

Corner, J. (2007) Mediated politics, promotional culture and the idea of ‘propaganda’, Media, culture & society, 29(4), pp. 669-667.

Edwards, L. (2009) ‘Public relations origins: definitions and history’, in Tench, R. and Yeomans, L. (eds.) Exploring Public Relations. Harlow: Prentice Hall, pp. 3-18.

Edwards, L. and Hodges, C. E. M. (2011) ‘Introduction’, in (eds.) Public Relations, Society and Culture. New York: Routledge, pp. 1-14.

Ewen, S. (1996) PR! : a social history of spin ISBN: 0465061796. New York: Basic Books.

Kovarik, B. (2013) Revolutions in communication : media history from Gutenberg to the digital age ISBN: 9781441114600; 1441114602. New York: Bloomsbury. Chapter 6

Leach, Robert (2009) ‘Public Relations and democracy’ in Tench, R. and Yeomans, L. (eds.) Exploring Public Relations. Harlow: Prentice Hall, pp 82-96, or chapter on the same in later editions.

L’Etang, J. and Pieczka, M. (eds) (2006) Public Relations: Critical Debates and Contemporary Practice. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

Leiss, W., Kline, S. and Jhally, S. (1997) Social Communication in Advertising: Persons, Products and Images of Well-Being, 2nd Edition. London: Routledge. Chapter 6.

McNair, B. (2004) ‘PR must die: Spin, anti-spin and political public relations in the UK, 1997-2004’, Journalism studies, 5(3), pp. 325-338.

Miller, D. and Dinan, W. (2008) A century of spin: how public relations became the cutting edge of corporate power. London: Pluto Press.

Moloney, K. (2006) Rethinking PR : the spin and the substance. London: Routledge.

Stauber, J. and Rampton, S. (2004) Toxic Sludge is Good for you: Lies, Damn Lies and the Public Relations Industry. London: Robinson.

Witkowski, T.H. (2003) World War II Poster Campaigns: Preaching Frugality to American Consumers, Journal of advertising, 32(1): Spring, pp. 69-82.

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Week 3: Consumer Culture: The rise of the consumer society

Richards, T. (1990) The commodity culture of Victorian England : advertising and spectacle, 1851-1914 ISBN: 0804716528 (alk. paper). Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA. Chapter 1.   OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (IK 05/02/2019) 

Rappaport, E. (2001) Shopping for Pleasure: Women in the Making of London’s West End. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press. Chapter 5. Available as an e-book.    

Stevenson, N. (2003) Cultural citizenship : cosmopolitan questions ISBN: 0335208789 (pbk.) : No price; 0335208797. Maidenhead: Open University Press. Chapter 5. (Available in High Demand section as hard copy from Laidlaw).    

Supplementary Reading:

Bailey, P. (2014) Leisure and Class in Victorian England. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis.

Benson, J. (1994) The rise of consumer society in Britain, 1880-1980 ISBN: 0582072891 (case); 0582072883 (pbk): Themes in British Social History. London: Longman.

Beetham, M. (1996) A Magazine of Her Own ISBN: 0415141125 (pbk); 0415049202? Domesticity and Desire in the Woman’s Magazines, 1800-1914. London: Routeldge.

Briggs, A. (1990) Victorian Things. Harmondsworth: Penguin. Chapter 1.

Cross, G. (2013) ‘Origins of modern consumption: Advertising, new goods, and a new generation, 1890-1930’, in McAllister, M. P. and West, E. (eds.) The Routledge Companion to Advertising and Promotional Culture. London and New York: Routledge, pp. 10-23.

Douglas, Mary and Isherwood, Baron (1979) The World of Goods: Towards an anthropology of consumption ISBN: 0415130476 (pbk); 0415130468. London: Routledge. Chapter 3.

Ewan, S. (2001) Captains of Consciousness: Advertising and the Social Roots of the Consumer Culture. 5th Edition. New York: Basic Books.

Fowles, J. (1996) Advertising and popular culture ISBN: 0803954832 (pbk. : acid-free paper ; cloth : acid-free paper); 0803954824: Foundations of Popular Culture. Thousand Oaks: California.

Gorman, L. and McLean, D. (2003) Media and society in the twentieth century : A Historical Introduction. Oxford: Blackwell.

Holm, N. (2017) Advertising and Consumer Society: A Critical Introduction. London: Palgrave.

Iqani, M. (2012) Consumer Culture and the Media: Magazines in the Public Eye. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Laermans, R. (2003) Learning to consume: Early department stores and the shaping of the modern consumer (1860-1914), Theory, culture & society, 10(4), pp. 79-102.

Leiss, W., Kline, S. and Jhally, S. (2005) Social Communication in Advertising: Persons, Products and Images of Well-Being. 3rd Edition. London: Routledge. Chapter 3, pp. 67­92.

Loeb, L.A. (1994) Consuming angels : advertising and Victorian women ISBN: 0195085965 (cloth : acid-free paper). Oxford, Oxford University Press.

Mathur, N. (2014) Consumer culture, modernity and identity ISBN: 9788132119623; 8132119622. London: SAGE.

Marx, K. (1867) ‘The fetishism of commodities and the secret thereof’, in Capital: A Critique of Political Economy, Volume 1. Chapter 1. Available at: https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1867-c1/ch01.htm#S4 

Miller, D. (1995) ‘Consumption as the Vanguard of History’, in Miller, D. (ed.) Acknowledging Consumption. London: Routledge, pp. 1-52.

Mol, A. (2009) Good taste: The embodied normativity of the consumer-citizen, Journal of cultural economy ISSN: 1753-0350, 2(3), pp. 269-283.

O’Rourke, D. (2011) Citizen consumer, Boston Review ISSN: 0734-2306, 36(6), pp. 13-29.

Rappaport, E. (2001) Shopping for Pleasure: Women in the Making of London’s West End. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press. Chapter 5.

Richards, T. (1990) The Commodity Culture of Victorian England ISBN: 0804716528 (alk. paper): Advertising and Spectacle, 1851-1914. Stanford University Press, Stanford, CA.

Stevenson, N. (2003) Cultural Citizenship: Cosmopolitan Questions. Maidenhead: Open University Press. (especially Chapter 5).

Schudson, M. (1984) Advertising, the uneasy persuasion : its dubious impact on American society ISBN: 0465000800 (pbk.) : $8.95. New York: Basic Books. Chapter 5.

Tauber, E. (1972) Why do people shop? Journal of marketing, 36(4) October, pp. 46-49.

Twitchell, J. (2003) Living it up : America's love affair with luxury ISBN: 0743245067. 1st Edition. New York: Simon & Schuster. Chapter 5.

Veblen, T. (2000) ‘Conspicuous Consumption’, in Lee, M.J. (ed) The Consumer Society Reader. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 31-47.

General Reference:

Trentmann, F. (2006) The Making of the Consumer. Oxford: Berg.

Trentmann, F. (2012) The Oxford Handbook of the History of Consumption. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Turow, J. and McAllister, M.P. (2009) The advertising and consumer culture reader ISBN: 9780415963305 (pbk.) : £25.99; 9780415963299 (cased) : £60.00; 041596329X (cased) : £60.00; 0415963303 (pbk.) : £25.99. London: Routledge.

Campbell, C. (1995) The Sociology of Consumption, in Miller, D. (ed) Acknowledging Consumption. London: Routledge, pp. 95-124.

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Week 4: Analysing advertisments: Gender and 'race' in advertising

McClintock, A. (1995) Imperial Leather: Race, Gender and Sexuality in the Imperial Contest. London: Routledge. Chapter 5, ‘Soft Soaping Empire’. (Available as an e-book, reading on Minerva.)    

Recommended for Lecture: Holm, N. (2017) Holm, N. (2017) Advertising and Consumer Society: A Critical Introduction. London: Palgrave. Chapter 3, ‘Analysing advertisments: Form, semiotics and ideology’, pp. 35-62. Available as an e-book.

Supplementary reading:

Abel, S., deBruin, M. and Novak, A. (2010) Women, advertising and representation : beyond familiar paradigms ISBN: 9781572739284 (paperbound); 9781572739277 (hardbound); 1572739274 (hardbound); 1572739282 (paperbound). Cresskill, NJ: Hampton.

Barthel, D. (1988) Putting on Appearances: Gender and Advertising. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Barthes, R. (1977) ‘Rhetoric of the image’, in: Heath, S. (ed.) Image, music, text ISBN: 0006861350 (pbk); 0006348807; 0006540678: Essays Selected and Translated by Stephen Heath. London: Fontana. pp. 32 - 51.

Berger, J. (1972) Ways of Seeing ISBN: 0140135154 pbk; 0563122447. London: Penguin.

Bignell, J. (2002) Media semiotics : an introduction ISBN: 0719062055 (pbk). 2nd Edition. Manchester: Manchester University Press. Chapter 2.

Blake, A. (2009) Gender and ethnicity in the advertising industry, in Powell, H., Hardy, J., Hawkin, S. and Macrury, I. (eds) The Advertising Handbook. London: Routledge, pp. 109-118. 

Botterill, J. (2009) Using a history of Ivory to explore advertising design, in Powell, H., Hardy, J., Hawkin, S. and Macrury, I. (eds) The Advertising Handbook. London: Routledge, pp. 198-208. [Case study of Ivory soap; discusses Bernays].

Cook, G. (2011) The Discourse of Advertising. 2nd Edition. London: Routledge. Chapter 1.

Cronin, A. (2000) Advertising and Consumer Citizenship: Gender, Images, and Rights. London: Routledge, Chapter 5.

Dane, J. and Yoon, H. (2009) Lynx: The challenges of lad culture, in Powell, H., Hardy, J., Hawkin, S. and Macrury, I. (eds) The Advertising Handbook. London: Routledge, pp. 91- 98.

Daymon, C. and Demetrious, K. (2014) (eds.) Gender and Public Relations: Critical Perspectives on Voice, Image and Identity. Abingdon: Routledge.

Gill, R. (2009) Beyond the ‘sexualization of culture’ the sis: An intersectional analysis of ‘sixpacks’, ‘midriffs’ and ‘hot lesbians’ in advertising, Sexualities, 12(2), pp. 137­160.

Gill, R. (2008) Empowerment/Sexism: Figuring female sexual agency in contemporary advertising, Feminism & psychology, 18(1), pp. 35-60.

Gill, R. (2007) Gender and the Media Cambridge : Polity.

Goldman, R. (1992) Reading ads socially ISBN: 0415053994; 0415054001 (pbk). London: Routledge.

Lazar, M.M. (2011) ‘The right to be beautiful: Postfeminist identity and consumer beauty advertising’, in Gill, R. and Scharff, C. (eds.) New Femininities: Postfeminism, Neoliberalism and Subjectivity. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 37-51.

Lazar, M.M. (2009) Entitled to consume: Postfeminist femininity and a culture of post­critique, Discourse and communication ISSN: 1750-4813, 3(4), pp. 371-400.

Lyths, P. (2012) ‘Think of her as your mother’: Airline advertising and the stewardess in America, 1930-1980, The journal of transport history, 30(1), pp. 1-21.

Goffman, E. (1979) Gender advertisements ISBN: 0333239539; 0333239520. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univeristy Press.

Hargreaves, D. (2002) ‘Idealized women in TV ads make girls feel bad’, Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 21, pp. 287-308. OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (IK 05/02/2019) 

Hirschman, E. C. (2003) Men, dogs, guns, and cars: The semiotics of rugged individualism, Journal of advertising, 32(1) Spring, pp. 9-22.

Jobling, P. (1997) ‘Keeping Mrs Dawson busy’, in Nava, M. (ed) Buy this Book: Studies in Advertising and Consumption. London, Routledge, pp. 157-77.

Lazar, M. (2006) Discover the power of femininity! Analysing global ‘power’ femininity in local advertising, Feminist Media Studies ISSN: 1468-0777, 6, pp. 505-517.

Loeb, L.A. (1994) Consuming angels : advertising and Victorian women ISBN: 0195085965 (cloth : acid-free paper). Oxford, Oxford University Press.

McAllister, M. P. and West, E. (eds.) (2013) The Routledge Companion to Advertising and Promotional Culture. London and New York: Routledge. Chapters by Duffy, B.E. ‘The new ‘real women’ of advertising: Subjects, experts and producers in the interactive era’. McAllister, M.P. and Kumanyika, C. ‘Brut slaps ... and twins’: Hyper-commercialised sports media and the intensification of gender ideology’.

McAllister, M.P. and Aupperle, A. (2017) ‘Class and Advertising’, in Hamilt on, J.F., Bodle, R. and Korin, E. (eds) Explorations in critical studies of advertising ISBN: 9781317232971 (ePub ebook) : £34.99; 9781138649521 (hbk.) : £85.00; 9781317232988 (PDF ebook) : £34.99; 9781317232964 (Mobipocket ebook) : £34.99; 9781315625768 (ebook) : £34.99. New York and Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, pp. 2018-220.

Macdonald, M. (2004) From Mrs Happyman to Kissing Chaps Goodbye: Advertising Reconstructs Femininity in Carter, C. and Steiner, L. (eds) Critical readings : media and gender ISBN: 033521097x (pbk.) : £18.99; 0335210988. Maidenhead: Open University Press, pp. 41-67.  Available as an Online Course Reading in Minerva 

Matthes, J., Prieler, M. and Karoline, A. (2016) Gender-Role Portrayals in Television Advertising Across the Globe, Sex roles, 75 (7-8), pp. 314-327.

McRobbie, A. (2004) Postfeminism and popular culture, Feminist Media Studies ISSN: 1468-0777, 4(3), pp. 255-264.

Powell, H., Hardy, J., Hawkin, S. and Macrury, I. (2009, 3rd Ed.) The Advertising Handbook. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. Chapter 8: Blake, A. ‘Gender and ethnicity in the advertising industry’, pp. 109-118.

Shankar, S. (2012) Creating model consumers: Producing ethnicity, race, and class, Asian American Advertising, 39(3), pp. 578- 591.

Strietmatter, R. (2004) Sex sells!: the media's journey from repression to obsession .London: Basic Books.

Steinhagen, J., Eisend, M. and Knoll, S. (2010) Gender stereotyping advertising in public and private TV channels in Germany, in Advances in Advertising Research ISBN: 9783834960061 (e-book), 1, pp. 285-295. Available at: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-8349-6006- 1 19

Tuchman, G. (1979) ‘The symbolic annihilation of women by the mass media’, in Tuchman, G., Daniels, A.K. and Benet, J.W. (eds) Hearth and Home : images of women in the mass media ISBN: 019502351X : 16.00 (U.S.); 0195023528 (pbk.) : 3.00 (U.S.). New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 3-38.

Walsh, M. (2011) Gender and automobility: Selling cars to American women after the Second World War, Journal of Macromarketing ISSN: 0276-1467, 3(1), pp. 57-72.

Wernick, A. (1991) Promotional culture : advertising, ideology and symbolic expression ISBN: 0803983905; 0803983913 (pbk). London: Sage. Chapter 2 ‘Advertising as Ideology’, pp. 22-47 and Chapters 3 (Re-i)maging gender: the case of men, pp. 48-66.

O’Barr, W. (2012) Sexuality, Race, and Ethnicity in Advertising, Advertising & Society Review 13(3).

Williamson, J. (1978) Decoding Advertisements: Ideology and Meaning in Advertising. London: Marion Boyars. Chapters 1 and 2.

Wernick, A. (1991) Promotional culture : advertising, ideology and symbolic expression ISBN: 0803983905; 0803983913 (pbk). London: SAGE. Chapter 2.

Wykes, M. & Gunter, B. (2005) ‘Media Exposure and Body Image Ideals’ in The Media and Body Image. London: Sage, pp. 154-173.

Zotos, Y.C. and Tsichla, E. (2014) Female stereotypes in print advertising: A retrospective analysis, Procedia - Social and Behavioural Analysis, 148, pp. 446­454. Available at:https://ac.els-cdn.com/S1877042814039688/1-s2.0S1877042814039688-main.pdf? tid=39608154-0eac-472c-89e6- c13af4c266d8&acdnat=1548232971 5e09d472857e017cbf00173ce1965f94

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Week 5: PR, the State and Wartime Propaganda

Clampin, D. (2009) ‘‘To guide, help and hearten millions’’: The Place of Commercial Advertising in Wartime Britain, 1939-1945, Journal of Macromarketing ISSN: 0276-1467, 29(1), pp. 58-73.    

Santana, M.C. (2016) From empowerment to domesticity: The case of Rosie the Riveter and the WWII campaign, Frontiers in Sociology, 1, Article 16, pp. 1-8. Available at: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fsoc.2016.00016/full  

Andrews, M. and Lomas, J. (2014) (eds.) The home front in Britain : images, myths and forgotten experiences since 1914 ISBN: 9781137348999. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Aulich, J. (2012) ‘Advertising and the public in Britain during the First World War’, in Welch, D. and Fox, J. (eds) Justifying war : propaganda, politics and the modern age ISBN: 9780230246270; 0230246273. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 109-128.    

Bernays, E.L. (1942) The marketing of national policies: A study of war propaganda, Journal of marketing, 6(3), pp. 236-244.

Clampin, D (2013) Advertising and propaganda in World War II : cultural identity and the blitz spirit ISBN: 9781780764344 (hbk.). London: Tauris.

Clampin, D. and Noon, R. (2011) The Maverick Mr. Cube: The Resurgence of Commercial Marketing in Postwar Britain, Journal of Macromarketing ISSN: 0276-1467, 31(1), pp. 19­31.

Clampin, D. (2009) ‘‘To guide, help and hearten millions”: The Place of Commercial Advertising in Wartime Britain, 1939-1945, Journal of Macromarketing ISSN: 0276-1467, 29(1), pp. 58­73.

Ewen, S. (1996) PR! : a social history of spin ISBN: 0465061796. New York: Basic Books.

Ganor, S. (2018) Forbidden words, banished voices: Jewish refugees at the service of BBC propaganda to wartime Germany, Journal of contemporary history, https://0- doi-org.wam.leeds.ac.uk/10.1177/0022009418773485

Goldthwaite-Young, D. (2005) Sacrifice, consumption, and the American way of life: advertising and domestic propaganda during World War II, The Communication Review ISSN: 1071-4421, 8, pp. 27-52.

Gorman, L. and McLean, D. (2002) Media and society in the twentieth century : an historical introduction ISBN: 0631222359 (pbk.) : £14.99; 0631222340. 2nd edition. Oxford: Blackwell, Chapter 6.

Goldthwaite Young, D. (2005) Sacrifice, consumption, and the American way of life: Advertising and domestic propaganda during World War II, The Communication Review ISSN: 1071-4421, 8, pp. 27-52.

Jowett, G.S. and O’Donnell, V. (2006) Propaganda and Persuasion. 4th Edition. London: SAGE. Chapters 3 and 5.

Loxham, A. (2015) Profiting from War: Bovril advertising during World War II, Journal of Macromarketing ISSN: 0276-1467, 36(2), pp. 198-214.

Newman, K. (2004) Radio Active: Advertising and Consumer Activism, 1935-1947. Berkeley: University of California Press, Chapter 1.

O’Shaughnessy, N. (2004) Politics and propaganda : weapons of mass seduction ISBN: 0719068533 (pbk.) : £14.99; 9780719068522 (cased) : £45.00; 0719068525 (cased) : £45.00; 9780719068539 (pbk.) : £14.99. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

Orwig, M. L. (2017). Persuading the Home Front: The Communication Surrounding the World War I Campaign to “Knit” Patriotism. Journal of Communication Inquiry ISSN: 0196-8599, 41(1), pp. 60-82.

Santana, M.C. (2016) From empowerment to domesticity: The case of Rosie the Riveter and the WWII campaign, Frontiers in Sociology, 1, Article 16, pp. 1-8. Available at: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fsoc.2016.00016/full

Stole, Inger (2013) The Fight against Critics and the Discovery of “Spin”: American Advertising in the 1930s and 1940s, in McAllister, M. P. and West, E. (eds.) The Routledge Companion to Advertising and Promotional Culture. London and New York: Routledge, pp. 39-51. Available as an e-book.

Shover, M.J. (1975) Roles and images of women in World War I propaganda, Politics and society, 5(4), pp. 469-486.

Sussman, G. (2011) ‘Introduction: The propaganda society’ in Sussman, G. (ed.) The propaganda society : promotional culture and politics in global context ISBN: 9781433109966 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9781433109973 (hardcover : alk. paper); 1433109972 (hardcover : alk. paper); 1433109964 (pbk. : alk. paper). New York: Peter Lang, pp. 1-22.

Taylor, P. (1999) British propaganda in the 20th century : selling democracy ISBN: 0748610391 (pbk.) : £16.95; 0748610405. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Walsh, M. (2011) Gender and automobility: Selling cars to American women after the Second World War, Journal of Macromarketing ISSN: 0276-1467, 3(1), pp. 57-72.

Warner, J. (2013) ‘The new refeudalisation of the public sphere’, in McAllister, M. and West, E. (eds.) The Routledge Companion to Advertising and Promotional Culture. London and New York:Routledge, pp. 287-97. Available as an e-book.

Wilkin, B. and Williams, M. (2017) German wartime Anglophobic propaganda in France, 1914-1945, War in history, 24(1), pp. 28-43.

Yang, M.(2005) Creating the Kitchen Patriot: Media promotion of food rationing and nutrition campaigns on the American home front during World War II, American journalism ISSN: 0882-1127, 2(3), pp. 55-75.

Yesil, B. (2004) ‘Who Said this is a Man’s War?’ Propaganda, advertising discourse and the representation of war worker women during the Second World War’ Media history, 10(2), pp.103-117.

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Week 6: Advertising and Media Change: Broadcasting

Jacobson, L. (2004) Raising consumers : children and the American mass market in the early twentieth century ISBN: 9780231113892; 0231113897 (pbk.) : £15.50. New York: Columbia University Press. Chapter 6.    

Leiss, W., Kline, S. and Jhally, S. (2005) Social Communication in Advertising: Persons, Products and Images of Well-being. 3rd Edition. London: Routledge. Part 1: Chapter 5: pp. 93-122: focus from p. 103. (Available as an e-book).  Available online 

Samuel, L. (2001) Brought to you by : postwar television advertising and the American dream ISBN: 0292777639 (pbk.) : £17.50; 0292777620. Austen, TX: University of Texas Press. Chapter 2.    

Supplementary reading:

Crisell, A. (1997) An Introductory History of British Broadcasting. London: Routledge.

Chapman, J. (2005) Comparative media history : an introduction : 1789 to the present ISBN: 0745632432 (pbk.); 0745632424. Cambridge: Polity.

Davis, A. (2013) Promotional Cultures: The Rise and Spread of Advertising, Public Relations, Marketing and Branding. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Fletcher, W. (2008) Powers of Persuasion: The Inside Story of British Advertising. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Franz, K. and Smulayn, S. (2017) Reprint retrospective - Selling radio: The Commercialisation of American Broadcasting, 1920-1934. Advertising and Society Quarterly, 18(2). Available online

Gorman, L. and McLean, D. (2002) Media and society in the twentieth century : an historical introduction ISBN: 0631222359 (pbk.) : £14.99; 0631222340. 2nd edition. Oxford: Blackwell. Chapter 8. See also Chapters 1 (Introduction) and 4.

Howard, V. (2010) Department store advertising in newspapers, radio, and television, 1920-1960. Journal of Historical Research in Marketing, 2(1): 61-85. Available online

McAllister, M.P. (2005) Television advertising as textual and economic systems, in, Wasko, J. (ed.) A Companion to Television. Malden, M.A: Blackwell Publishing, pp. 217-237.

Meyers, C. (2014) A word from our sponsor : admen, advertising, and the golden age of radio ISBN: 9780823253777 (e-book). New York: Fordham University Press.

Meyers, C. (2011) ‘The problems with sponsorship in US broadcasting, 1930s- 1950s: Perspectives from the advertising industry. Historical journal of film, radio and television, 31(3): 355-372.

McChesney, R. (1993) Telecommunications, Mass Media and Democracy ISBN: 0195093941; 0195071743 (pbk): The Battle for Control of US Broadcasting 1928-1935. New York: Oxford University Press.

Nevitt, T. (1992) Differences between American and British Television Advertising: Explanations and Implications, Journal of advertising, 21(4), pp. 61­71.

Newman, K. (2004) Radio Active: Advertising and Consumer Activism, 1935-1947. Berkeley: University of California Press.

O’Barr, W. (2010) A brief history of advertising in America. Advertising & Society Review ISSN: 1534-7311, 11(1).

Orlebar, T. (2013) ‘Television, the TV ad and its afterlife’, in Powell, H. (Ed.) Promotional Culture and Convergence. London: Routledge, pp. 191-209.

Samuel, L. (2001) Brought to You By: Postwar Television Advertising and the American Dream. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.

Savan, Leslie (1994) The Sponsored Life: Ads, TV and American Culture. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Scott, P. and Walker, J. (2016) Bringing radio into America’s homes: Marketing new technology in the Great Depression. Business history review, 90(2): 251­276.

Socolow, M. (2004) Psyche and society: Radio advertising and social psychology in America, 1923-1936. Journal of Film, Radio and Television ISSN: 0143-9685, 24(4): 517-534.

Taylor, T. (2012) The Sounds of Capitalism ISBN: 0226791149; 9780226791142. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Tungate, M. (2007) Adland: A Global History of Advertising. London: Kogan Page.

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Week 7: Youth and Advertising

Wasko, Janet (2010) ‘Children’s virtual worlds: The latest commercialization of children’s culture’, in Buckingham, D and Tingstad, V. (eds.) Childhood and Consumer Culture. London: Palgrave Macmillan, Chapter 7, pp.113-129.    

Hagen, I. and Naken, O. (2010) ‘Creating long lasting brand loyalty - or a ‘passing craze’? Lessons from a ‘Child classic’ in Norway, in Buckingham, D and Tingstad, V. (eds.) Childhood and Consumer Culture.London: Palgrave Macmillan, pp.130-145.    

Martens, L. (2010) ‘The cute, the spectacle and the practical: Narratives of new parents and babies at The Baby Show’, in Buckingham, D and Tingstad, V. (eds.) Childhood and Consumer Culture. London: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 146-160.    

Supplementary reading:

Banet-Weiser, S. (2007) Kids rule! : Nickelodeon and consumer citizenship ISBN: 9780822339939. London: Duke University Press. Chapter 3.

Buckingham, D. (2011) The Material Child: Growing Up in Consumer Culture. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Buckingham, D. (1993) Children talking television : the making of television literacy ISBN: 0750701102 (pbk) : 35.00; 0750701099. London: Routledge. Chapter 11.

Cook, D. T. (2012) ‘Children’s consumption in history’ in Trentmann, F. (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of the History of Consumption. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 585-600.

Elliot, C. (2013) ‘Governing taste: Packaged foods, inscription devices, nutrition, and the child’, in McAllister, M.P. and West, E. (eds) The Routledge Companion to Advertising and Promotional Culture. London and New York: Routledge.

Ewen, S. (1976/2001) Captains of Consciousness : Advertising and the Social Roots of Consumer Culture. New York: Basic Books, pp. 131-150 (‘Youth as an Industrial Ideal’.)

Jacobson, L. (2004) Raising Consumers: Children and the American Mass Market in the Early Twentieth Century. New York: Columbia University Press. Chapter 6.

Gorman, L. and Mclean, D. (2009) Media and Society into the 21st Century ISBN: 9781405149358 (pbk. : alk. paper); 1405149353 (pbk. : alk. paper): An Historical Introduction. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell. Chapter 8.

Griffiths, M. (2001) ‘Children and Advertising’, in Creeber, G. (ed.) The Television Genre Book. 2nd Edition. London: BFI, pp. 101-103 (or see later editions).

Kline, S. (1993) Out of the garden : toys, TV, and children's culture in the age of marketing ISBN: 1859840590; 086091397X (Pbk.). London: Verso.

Kline, S. (2006) ‘A becoming subject: Consumer socialization in the mediated market place’, in Trentmann, F. (ed.) The Making of the Consumer. Oxford: Berg, pp 198-211.

Mathur, N. (2014) Consumer culture, modernity and identity ISBN: 9788132119623; 8132119622. London: SAGE.

Samuel, L. (2001) Brought To You by: Postwar Television Advertising and the American Dream. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press.

Seiter, E. (1993) Sold Separately ISBN: 0813519888: Parents and Children in Consumer Culture. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. Chapter 3.

Spring, D. (2011) Advertising in the Age of Persuasion ISBN: 0230339646; 9780230339644. Basingstoke: Palgrave.

Mort, F. (1997) ‘Paths to mass consumption: Britain and the USA since 1945’, in Nava, M., Blake, A. MacRury, I. and Richards, B. (eds.) Buy this Book: Studies in Advertising and Consumption. London: Routledge, pp. 15-33.

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Week 8: Advertisments as art and social critique

Frank, T. (1998) The conquest of cool : business culture, counterculture, and the rise of hip consumerism ISBN: 0226260127 (paperback). London and Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Chapter 7.   OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (IK 05/02/2019) 

Kellner, D. (2014) ‘Fashion, advertising and identity in the consumer society’, in Mathur, N. (ed.) Consumer culture, modernity and identity ISBN: 9788132119623; 8132119622. London, Sage, pp. 168-203.    

Supplementary Reading: 

Ahern, L. (2012) ‘Evaluating the Ethicality of Green Advertising: Towards an Extended Analytical Framework’, in Ahern, L. & Bortree, D.S. (eds.) Talking green : exploring contemporary issues in environmental communications ISBN: 9781433117916 (hardcover : alk. paper); 9781433117909 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9781453908877 (e-book). New York: Peter Lang. pp. 171 - 194.

Demetrious, K. (2013) Public relations, activism, and social change : speaking up ISBN: 9780415897068 (hbk) : £75.00; 0415897068 (hbk) : £75.00; 9780203078440 (ebk). New York: Routledge. (see especially chapter 5).

Doyle, J. (2007) ‘Picturing the Clima(c)tic: Greenpeace and the Representational Politics of Climate Change Communication’, Science as culture, 16(2) pp. 129 - 50.

Doyle, J. (2011) Mediating climate change ISBN: 9781138278516 (paperback); 9780754676683 (hardback ; alk. paper); 0754676684 (hardback ; alk. paper); 9780754676690 (ebook); 0754676692 (ebook). Abingdon: Ashgate.

Do Paco, A, & Reis, R. (2012) ‘Factors affecting skepticism toward green advertising’, Journal of advertising, 41(4), pp. 147 - 155. Available at:https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00913367.2012.10672463?src=recsys

Frank, T. (1998) The conquest of cool : business culture, counterculture, and the rise of hip consumerism ISBN: 0226260127 (paperback). London and Chicago: University of Chicago Press Chapter 7.

Fletcher, W. (2008) Powers of Persuasion: The Inside Story of British Advertising. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gee, M. (2013) ‘Art and advertising’, in Wharton, C. (ed.) Advertising as culture ISBN: 9781841506142 (pbk.) : £26.50. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Gibbon, J. (2005) Art and advertising ISBN: 1850435863. London: I B Taurus.

Hansen, A. and Machin, D. (2008) Visually branding the environment: Climate change as a marketing opportunity, Discourse studies, 10(6), pp. 777-794.

Hartmann, Pl and Apaolaza-Ibanez, V. (2015) Green adverting revisited, International journal of advertising, 28(4), pp. 715-739.

Hebdige, D. (1988) Subculture: The Meaning of Style. London: Routledge. Chapter 7. Available as an e-book.

Knight, Graham (2010) ‘Activism, branding and the promotional public sphere’ in Aronczyk, M. and Powers, D. (eds.) Blowing up the brand : critical perspectives on promotional culture ISBN: 9781433108679 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9781433108662 (hardcover : alk. paper). New York, Oxford: Peter Lang, pp. 173-94.

Linder, S. (2006) Cashing-in on risk claims: On the For-profit inversion of signifiers for ‘global warming’, Social semiotics ISSN: 1035-0330, 16(1), pp. 103-132.

Matthes, J. and Wonnerberger, A. (2014) Testing the relationship between green consumerism and skepticism toward advertising, Journal of advertising, 43(2), pp. 115-127.

Nevitt, T. (1972) Advertising in Britain : a history ISBN: 0434496421 : £12.50. London: Heinneman.

Nixon, S. (2017) Looking westwards and worshipping: The New York ‘Creative Revolution’ and British advertising, 1956-1980, Journal of consumer culture, 17 (2) (first published 2015).

Park, D.J. (2016) ‘Towards an ecological critique of advertising’, in Hamilton, J.F., Bodle, R. and Korin, E. (eds.) Explorations in critical studies of advertising ISBN: 9781317232971 (ePub ebook) : £34.99; 9781138649521 (hbk.) : £85.00; 9781317232988 (PDF ebook) : £34.99; 9781317232964 (Mobipocket ebook) : £34.99; 9781315625768 (ebook) : £34.99, London: Routledge, pp. 67-80.

Parguel, B., Benoit-Moreau, F. and Russell, C. (2013) Can evoking nature in advertising mislead consumers? The power of “executional greenwashing”, International journal of advertising, 34(1), pp. 107-134.

Pooley, J. (2010) ‘The consuming self: from flappers to Facebook’, in Aronczyk, M. and Powers, D. (eds.) Blowing up the brand : critical perspectives on promotional culture ISBN: 9781433108679 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9781433108662 (hardcover : alk. paper). New York, Oxford: Peter Lang, pp.71-89.

Reich, B. and Armstrong Soule, C. (2016) Green demarketing in advertisments: Comparing ‘Buy Green’ and ‘Buy Less’ appeals in product and institutional advertising contexts, Journal of advertising, 45(4), pp. 441-458.

Savan, L. (1994) The Sponsored Life: Ads, TV and American Culture. Philadelphia, Temple University Press.

Samuel, L. (2012) Thinking smaller: Bill Bernbach and the Creative Revolution in advertising of the 1950s, Advertising & Society Review ISSN: 1534-7311, 13(3).

Schmuck, D., Matthes, J., Naderer, B. and Beaufort, M. (2015) The effects of environmental brand attitudes and nature imagery in green advertising, Environmental Communication ISSN: 1752-4032, 12(3), 414-429.

Stole, I.L. (2008) Philanthropy as public relations: A critical perspective on cause marketing, International Journal of Communication ISSN: 1932-8036, 2, pp. 201-40. Available at: http://iioc.org/index.php/iioc/issue/view/2

Tungate, M. (2007) Adland: A Global History of Advertising. London: Kogan Page.

Witkowski, T.H. (2003) World War II Poster Campaigns: Preaching Frugality to American Consumers, Journal of advertising, 32(1): Spring, pp. 69-82.

Zinkhan, G. and Carlson, L. (2013) Green advertising and the reluctant consumer, Journal of advertising, 24(2), pp. 1-6.

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Week 9: Celebrity and Branding

Marshall, P. D. (2006) ‘New media - new self: The changing power of celebrity’, in: Marshall, P.D. (ed.) The celebrity culture reader ISBN: 9780415337922 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9780415337915 (alk. paper); 0415337917 (alk. paper); 0415337925 (alk. paper). New York, N.Y: Routledge, pp. 634-644.   OCR REQUESTED BY LIBRARY (IK 05/02/2019) 

Supplementary Reading: 

Arvidsson, A. (2006) Brands: Meaning and Value in Media Culture. London: Routledge.

Alperstein, N.M. (2013) ‘The impact of social media on imaginary social relationships with media figures/celebrities who appear in advertising’, in McAllister, M. P. and West, E. (eds.) The Routledge Companion to Advertising and Promotional Culture. London and New York: Routledge.

Berryman, R. and Kavka, M. (2017) ‘I guess a lot of people see me as a big sister or a friend’: The role of intimacy in the celebrification of beauty vloggers. Journal of gender studies. ISSN: 0958-9236 26(3), pp. 307–320

Djafarova, E. and Trofimenko, O. (2018) ‘Instafamous’ - credibility and self­representation of micro-celebrities on social media’, Information, communication and society. ISSN: 1369-118x, (Online, no volume or issue no.) pp. 1-16.

Eckert, C. ([1978] 1991). The Carole Lombard in Macy’s window, in Gledhill, C. (ed.) Stardom : industry of desire ISBN: 0415052181. London: Routledge, pp. 30-40.

Erdogan, B. Z. (1999) Celebrity endorsement: a literature review, Journal of marketing management, 15(4), pp. 291-314.

Geraghty, C. (2000) Re-examining stardom: Questions of texts, bodies and performance, in Gledhill, C. and Williams, L. (eds.) Reinventing film studies ISBN: 0340677236 (hbk.) : £16.99; 0340677228. London: Arnold, pp. 183-201.

Goffman, E. (1959) The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. New York: Doubleday.

Hackley, E. and Hackley, A. R. (2018) Advertising & promotion, 4th Ed. London: SAGE.

Hearn, A. and Schoenhoff, S. (2016) ‘From celebrity to influencer’, in Marshall, D. P. and Redmond, D. (eds) A companion to celebrity. Chichester: Wiley Blackwell, pp. 194-212.

Hom, M. (2018) Social media celebrity and the institutionalization of YouTube, Convergence : the international journal of research into new media technologies, p. 1-20. (Online, no volume or issue no.)

Khamis, S., Ang, L. and Welling, R. (2016) Self-branding, ‘micro-celebrity’ and the rise of social media influencers, Celebrity studies, 8(2): 191-208.

Martens, C. (2013) ‘Connecting with consumers: Branding and convergence’ in Powell, H. (ed.) Promotional Culture and Convergence. London: Routledge, pp. 88-101.

Marshall, P. D. (2006) ‘New media - new self: The changing power of celebrity’, in: Marshall, P.D. (ed.) The celebrity culture reader ISBN: 9780415337922 (pbk. : alk. paper); 9780415337915 (alk. paper); 0415337917 (alk. paper); 0415337925 (alk. paper). New York, N.Y: Routledge, pp. 634-644.

Moor, L. (2007) The Rise of Brands. Oxford: Berg.

Powell, H. (2009) Celebrity, in Powell, H., Hardy, J., Hawkin, S. and Macrury, I. (eds) The Advertising Handbook. London: Routledge, pp. 99-108. 

Pringle, H. (2004) Celebrity Sells. Chichester: J. Wiley.

Powell, H., Hardy, J., Hawkin, S. and Macrury, I. (2009, 3rd Ed.) The Advertising Handbook. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. Chapter 7: Powell, H. ‘Celebrity’, pp. 99­108.

Powers, D. and Greenwell, D.M. (2017) Branded fitness: Exercise and Promotional Culture, Journal of consumer culture, 17(3): 523-541.

Seno, D. and Lukas, B. A. (2007) The equity effect of product endorsement by celebrities: A conceptual framework from a co-branding perspective, European journal of marketing, 41(1-2), pp. 121-134.

Spry, A., Pappu, R. and Cornwell, T. B. (2011) Celebrity endorsement, brand credibility and brand equity, European journal of marketing, 45(6), pp. 882-909.

Turner, G. (2006) The mass production of celebrity: ‘celetoids’, rea lity TV and the ‘demotic turn’, International journal of cultural studies. 9(2), pp. 153-165.

See also the Journal Celebrity Studies. 

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Week 10: Globalisation: A Changing promotional landscape?

Sinclair, J. (2012) Advertising, the media and globalisation : a world in motion ISBN: 9780415668835 (pbk.); 9780415668828 (hardback); 9780203143643 (e-book). London: Routledge. Chapter 2. (Available as an e-book).  

Supplementary Reading: 

Arvidsson, A. (2006) Brands: Meaning and Value in Media Culture. London: Routledge.

Anholt, S. (2002) Another one bites the grass : making sense of international advertising ISBN: 0471354880. Chichester: John Wiley. Chapter 2.

Davis, A. (2013) Promotional Cultures: The Rise and Spread of Advertising, Public Relations, Marketing and Branding. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Featherstone, M. (2007) Consumer Culture and Postmodernism. New York: SAGE.

Featherstone, M. (2010) ‘Global Culture: An introduction’, in Featherstone, M. (ed.) Global Culture : Nationalism, Globalisation and Modernity. London: SAGE.

Goldman, R. and Papson, S. (2011) Landscapes of capital: Representing time, space, and globalization in corporate advertising. Cambridge: Polity. Available as an e-book.

Hackley, C. (2010) Advertising and Promotion. 2nd Edition. London: SAGE.

Hannerz, U. (2001) ‘Thinking about culture in a global ecumene’, in Lull, J. (ed.) Culture in the Communication Age. London: Routledge

Iskin, R. E. (2007) “Savages” into spectators/consumers: Globalization in advertising posters, 1890s-1900s, Nineteenth-century contexts, 29(2-3) June- September, pp. 127-149.

Li, H. (2016) Advertising and consumer culture in China. John Wiley & Sons. Chapter 5, ‘Controversial advertising in China’.

Li, H. (2008) Branding Chinese products: Between nationalism and transnationalism, International Journal of Communication ISSN: 1932-8036, 2, pp. 1125-1163. Available at:https://iioc.org/index.php/iioc/article/view/126/237

Lury, C. (2004) Brands: The Logos of the Global Economy. Abingdon: Routledge.

McAllister, M.P. and West, E. (2013) The Routledge Companion to Advertising and Promotional Culture. New York: Routledge. Section III: Globalization.

Miller, D. and Dinan, W. (2008) A Century of Spin: How Public Relations Became the Cutting Edge of Corporate Power. London: Pluto. Chapter 5, ‘Advertising, globalization and world regions’.

Raynolds, L.T., Murray, D. and Wilkinson, J. (2007) Fair Trade: The Challenges of Transforming Globalization. Abingdon: Routledge.

Ritzer, G. (2006) McDonaldization: The Reader. Thousand Oaks, CA. Pine Forge Press.

Sinclair, J. (2012) Advertising, the media and globalisation : a world in motion ISBN: 9780415668835 (pbk.); 9780415668828 (hardback); 9780203143643 (e-book). London: Routledge. Chapter 5: ‘Advertising, globalisation and world regions’.

Tench, R. and Yeomans, L. (2018) 4th Edition. Exploring Public Relations: Global Strategic Communication ISBN: 9781292112206 (e-book); 9781292112183 (pbk.) :; 9781292200347 (ePub ebook) :; 9781292112206 (PDF ebook). Harlow: Pearson. (or see 2009 and earlier editions).

Thurlow, C. and Aiello, G. (2007) ‘National pride, global capital: a social semiotic analysis of transnational visual branding in the airline industry’. Visual communication quarterly., 6(3): 305-344.

Water, M. (2006) ‘McDonaldization and the global culture of consumption’, in Ritzer, G. (ed.) McDonaldization: The Reader. Thousand Oaks, C.A.: Pine Forge Press.

This list was last updated on 15/04/2019